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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 9, 1918)
THE SUNDAY OKiSGONIATf. PORTLAND, JUNE 9, 1918.
' I (
Winged Warfare, by Major W. A. Bishop,
of the British Royal Flying Corps. George
x. Lforao company, New York City.
It was contact with English mud and
lots of it that disgusted Major Bishop,
and because of this disgust he became
an aviator and fought Germans in
Our author was an officer of a Cana
dian cavalry regiment, training in Eng.
land, when he made his momentous de
cision to be an airman. His book is
modestly and entertainingly written.
He must bear a charmed life, as he
passed through enough dangers to kill
three ordinary men.
Major Bishop surely loves danger for
danger's sake. His greatest air victory
was won when be thought that his ma
chine was broken. It was then in the
air about 15 feet from the German
troops, and to all purposes it had ap
parently balked. It was falling, fall
ing. Suddenly one of its nine engines
spoke, and away to his home base flew
The comparatively recent deaths of
Ball, the wonderful little English air
man, and Guynemer, the daredevil
French "ace." left Bishop, in a sense,
alone in the air. He and Ball, in friend
ly rivalry, were flying almost wing to
wing in the British service until Ball
one day, roaming far over the German
lines and reveling, as usual, in a one
sided battle with three enemy planes,
met the "unlucky bullet" that sent him
crashing to an untimely death at 20.
Major Bishop flew over three months
after this, and his score of victories con
tinued to amount until he held undis-
jjuiea sway ana naa run credit tor 47
German machines actually destroyed.
In addition he had also successfully
attacked and burned two enemy obser
vation balloons. Major Bishop was
winner in perhaps 100 other fights in
that strange high air where the duel
ists of the clouds meet and die win
ner in the sense that the German
planes were driven from the air. com
pelled by wounds or fear to break off
the battle and dash for the safety of
the terrain far behind their infantry
Major Bishop, possessor of the most
coveted of war honors, the only living
airman with the Victoria Cross, the
Distinguished Service Order, twice
won, and the Military Cross, is now a
veteran of 23. The most amazing fea
ture of the wonderful record he made
above the lines in France and Flanders
is that he attained the flying honors of
the world in a single fighting season.
Here is our author's frank confession
that he is a fighter and likes It:
When I left for my leave to England I
was not very keen on going. The excite
ment of the chase had a tight hold on my
heartstrings, and I felt that the only thins
1 wanted was to stay right at It and fight,
and fight and fight in the air. I don't think
1 was ever happier in my life. It seemed
that I had found the one thing I loved above
all others. To me it was a business or a
profession, but Just a wonderful game. To
bring down a machine did not seem to me
to be killing a man; it was more as if I was
Just, destroying a mechanical target, with
no human being In It. Once or twice the
idea that a live man had been piloting the
machine would occur and recur to me. and
it would worry me a bit. My sleep would
be spoiled perhaps for a night. I did not
relish the idea even of killing Germans,
yet, when in a combat In the air, it
eeemed more like any other kind of sport
and to shoot down a machine was much the
same as if one were shooting down clay
pigeons. One had the great satisfaction
of feeling that he had hit the target and
brown it down; that one was victorious
Here Is a stirring account of a chase
after the enemy machine, and flying at
the rate of 200 miles per hour:
I had a quick impulse and followed it.
I flew straight at the attacking machine
from a position where he could not see
me and opened fire. My "tracer" bullets
bullets that show a spark and a thin
little trail of smoke as they speed through
the air began at once to hit the enemy
machine. A moment later the Hun turned
over on his back and seemed to fall out
of control. This was Just at the time that
the Germans were doing some of their fa
mous falling stunts. Their machines seem
to be built to stand extraordinary strains
in that respect. They would go spinning
down from great heights and Just as you
thought they were sure to crash they would
suddenly come under control, flatten out
jiho cuiicb ijnts WBiLiuii nnu ilihk lor
the rear of their lines with every ounce
of horsepower Imprisoned in their engines.
When my man fell from his upside-down
position into a spinning nose dive I dived
after him. Down he went for a full thou
sand feet and then regained control. Z
had forgotten caution and everything else
Jn my wild desire to destroy this thing that
for the time being represented all of Ger
many to mi. I could not hsve been more
than 40 yards behind the Hun when he
flattened out and again I opened fire. It
made my heart leap to see my smoking bul
lets hitting the machine Just where the
closely-hooded pilot was sitting. Again
the Hun went Into a dive and shot away
from me vertically toward the earth.
Suspecting another ruse and still tin
mindful of what might be happening to
my companions In their set-to with the
other Huns, I went into a wild dive after
my particular opponent with my engine
full on. With a machine capable of doing
310 to 120 miles an hour on the level. I
must have attained 180 to 200 miles In that
wrathful plunge. Meteor-like as was my
descent, however, the Hun seemed to be
falling faster still and got farther and far
ther away from me. When 1 was still about
1500 feet up he crashed into the ground be
low me. For a long time I heard pilots
speaking of "crashing" enemy machines,
but I never fully appreciated the full sig
nificance of "crashed' untu now. There is
no other word for It.
fiurirron Grow: An American In the Rnsr
elan j-lgnting, oy Malcolm (J. crow, il
lustrated. $1..'.0. Fred A. Stokes tc Co.
Tsew York City.
It was a self-denying, perilous work
that Dr. Grow, American surgeon, un
dertook to do in Russia to care for
and dress the wounds of Russian sol
diers caught in the maelstrom of bat
The recital is grim and nerve-rack
ing and shows that Russia entered the
war thoroughly unprepared to fight
Germany. Russian groft and contempt
for the foe ruined Russia's chances for
It was Dr. Edward Egbert, of Wash
ington. D. C., who persuaded Dr. Grow
to proceed to work in Russian mili
tary hospitals, as thousands of wound
ed soldiers were then dying in Russia
for want 01 medical attention.
This is the personal story of an
American "fighting physician" who
served with the Russians in three great
campaigns. He was part of the "strong
arm" of Brusiloff that hurled back the
Hun in the early days of the war and
he stuck till the last feeble spurt of
energy under Kerensky. Dr. Grow
left his practice in this country and
went to Russia in 1915, becoming 1
Lieutenant-Colonel in the medical dl
vision. The account of what happened
to him Is almost a wonder tale. His
vivid story of men without arms, guns
without shells, doctors without helper's
or ambulances or medicine and yet
winning battles against the world's
greatest war machine helps us to un
derstand the confusion following the
The WarWhirl In Washington (D. C), by
Frank ward u Mai ley. 1.5u. Illustrated.
The Century Co., New York City.
Washington (D. C.) is becoming a
smart, business city, quite different
from the city of easy-going diplomacy
of old days. Blame it on the war. Yes,
the war has caused the change.
Mr. O'Malley mirrors this new Wash
Ington (D. C.) in a book of witty, good
natured humor. He shows that since
the day when America entered actively
Into the war our National capital
has become in many ways a boom town
with a new set of manners and cus
toma mingling with the old. The capi
NEWER IN JURE AFRIENDIF YOU D0,Y0U
: P erf
x- & l. x
tal is not only doing great thing;
is doing funny things.
Mr. O'Malley. of the New York Sun
newspaper, was the man to see and
report this humorous aspect of the staid
old city on the Potomac, with its sud
den stimulation of new peoples, new
work, new idlenesses. How Washington
ID. C.) is taking care of the sudden
influx of men and women who are fill
ing positions and attempting to fill po
sitions and just talking about filling
positions; how the capital has accom
modated itself to an enforced abstem
iousness; what is talked about by the
numberless visitors in the hotel lob
bies and the corridors of the Govern
ment buildings; character sketches of
outstanding personalities; indeed, all
Washington (D. C.) whirling in the
new storm. Is the subject of this enter
"The War-Whirl in Washington (D.
C.)" is Illustrated with IS drawings by
Mr. O'Malley writes as an nonest
merchant engaged in the wool-spong
ing business in lower Broadway, iNew
York City. He takes his wife to see
the sights of the war city or Wash
ington (D. C.)
The sight-seeing wire is a woman
who speaks out with disconcerting
frankness. She criticises the head
lines in the newspapers:
Khurks! starting out to capture Berlin.
and the whole darn country can't dish up
enough unity ot action in two weens 01 ei-
fort to carry one Quart or coal three-
quarters of a mile across the Hudson River
to our flat. Oh. husn yourseit: & couia see
th loaded coal cars. I tell you. on the
Jersey side of the river from the windows
ef pa's apartment on the drive. Looklt this
newspaper headline here: "Mrs. Macgllli-
cuddys-Reeks. einn rem tieaaer, Mceivm
at White House." Sickening! This Is a fine
time for the President to encourage German
propaganda by 0-0-0-0-o-oh. I will not
hush up! This Sinn Fein person Is vlolent-
y pro-German; says so In eflect irom plat
forms; so are all her little group of co
workers. I'd like to see her and her crowd
ring the doorbell down at oyster ijay,
that's all. They have the Impudence to
stand up In halls paid for out of German
funds, admission free, in New York. Mil
waukee, Chicago, everywhere, with a lot of
Germans tilling the Iront seats, ana tne
whole crowd, even while our boys are fight
ing Germany in France, cheering wildly
every time a speaker tells of German vic
tories. Less than a month ago this same
woman who was "received at the White
House" yesterday was the star speaker at a
pro-German meeting in Terrace Garden.
back home, where a countrywoman of hers
had girls pass the bat through tne aisles tor
"silver bullets." as she called the collection.
to be fired against our most powerful ally.
They want our biggest ally crushed, smashed
by Germany, which means that our Amer
ican boys fighting beslds the Temmles
would have to be smashed too; leaving us.
with England gone, to fight It out with
Germany and her allies single-handed, or be
crushed and smashed ourselves.
Our tourists are somewhat excited
when they behold the Capitol, where
our Federal laws are made:
There was little to attract attention when
the wife and I arrived on a level with the
corridor entrances to the Family Circle tier
of seats in the House. Almost nothing was
going on except that Billy Sunday was open
ing the session with prayer, and House
stenographers were breaking leadpencils
and finger-nails and fountain-pens trying to
keen abreast of BUiys prayer, and women 1
Btandeea were bulging outward into the cor
ridors all the way round the string 01
Family Circle entrances.
Back of these was an overflow of still
more women clamoring ot get In as madly
as If Doug Fairbanks and Charley Chaplin
were chatting on the floor of the House with
Mary Plckford and Tbeda Bars, and Speak
er Champ Clark was flashing, for the first
time a new pearl-gray suit decorated at the
lapel with a rose of saffron hue In honor
of the occasion.
Outside House attendants had taken all
the beaded knitting-bags away from the
women who had arrived early enough in
the earliest morning to find seats Inside,
and the knitting bags had been heaped In
plies waist-high in the corridors, because
It's against the law to carry any bundles or
packages or bombs into the House during
war times. Sculptor Gutson Borglum. after
wandering accidentally Into the Statuary
Hall of the Capitol and getting one quick
glimpse ot the Sculptural Chamber of Hor
rors, was fleeing with wild screams of terror
through the corridors, and even louder than
the Borglum yells arose distant thunderings
of oratorical tmpresslveness as various rep
resentatives hit the high spots of forensic
fervor, and a gavel was banging and banging
afar off, and somebody was Intoning ter
rifically about the "b-r-r-r-road and ah
boeunteous paralrees. gen-tul-mun, of thee
great-tuh gulorias State-tuh which I have
thee honor to repreesent-tuh in thls-ah dis-Ung-wished
A reporter cub padding along behind us
hurriedly was balling a metaphor all up by
asking his companion, "Who's the old goat
braying on the floor now, Larry?" and
someone was banging and hollering. "The
Chair reck-eh-nlzea thee gnlmn from Mlz
zooree." A large lady whose black hair was un
decided was shoving along on tiptoe and
panting. "I'm suf f ickating, Emmy, but I'll
go to my grave happy if I can only get Just
a glimpse of Jeanette Rankin."
Th ' newspaper telegraph Instruments.
down the corridor toward the Press Gallery
were senaing tne news to tne sistem in iar -
away slates amid a chorus of clicking like
III i '
..si Av--:;j: : 8 ;:
HAUING DONE SO"
f Tf -
the seven-year plague of crickets, and the
gavel was banging again, and someone was
shouting dramatically In purest South
Bostonese. "This democracy cawnnot exist
hawf free- awnd hawf female."
A woman fainted In the crush and was
laid out across one of the piles of knltttng
bags, and somebody arrived with ice-water
for the fainting lady just as we had biffed
our way close enough to a door to hear a
logically Intensive bit of debate that ran:
"Does the genelmn from Cuhnetcut ob
"I rnh-zerve the right te obJecV'
"But does the genelmn from Cuhnetcut
"I rub-peat, I ruh-zerve the right te
"But does the genelmn object or does he
"I ruh-peat again. I ruh-zerre the right."
"Will the genelmn answer yes or no, docs
he object V
"Does the genelmn 99
"I run "
"I Et ceterah-rah-rah!
But, listen to the soothing syrup of
the Congressional Record, and all is
Do I understand that the gentleman's re
quest for unanimous consent goes to the ex
tent of ordering the previous question on the
rule, so as to cut out the offering of the
amendment to the rule?" "It does." "Then
I object." "The gentleman from Florida
objects." "I move the previous question on
the resolution." "If the gentleman from
Illinois controls the time for the rule and
the gentleman from Tennessee controls the
time against It, this side of the House la
without time." "May I ask If the gentle
man will yield seme of his time to this side
of the house?" "Certainly: I had made
promises for more time, but I will see that
that side gets an equal division of the time."
"Will the gentleman yield ten minutes to
this side?" "Yes." "Mr. Speaker. I under
stand that It Is settled now that I have 20
minutes under my control. Is that correct?"
"I do not understand that the proposition
was that the gentleman from Tennessee
should have 20 minutes." "I am entitled to
that time under the general rule." "For
what purpose does the gentleman from Vir
ginia riser' "To see what has becomo of
my time." 'It has gone." "I had three
mtnotes left." "I know the nntlaman amilil
have three minutes left If it was not for the
cioca. -now, wnat does the gentleman
from Virginia want?" "I Just wanted my
umc. ifroiongea laugnter.)
Tropical Town And Othrr Poems, by Solo
mon Do La Selva. 1.2S. John Lane Co
New York City.
Nearly 70 poems of a "different" sort.
reflecting "My Nicaragua." "In New
England." "In War Time" and "The
Tale From Faerieland."
Solomon de la Selva Is a Latin
American, with Indian, Spanish and
English blood In his veins, and his
verse has strong IndividuaWty. It I
best when the tropics are deoicted.
Our author is 24 years old. and was
Born in Leon, Nicaragua, Central Amer
lea. He comes from a family distin
guished In politics and literature. His
ancestry counts Indian chiefs and
Spanish conquistadores, and one of his
grandmothers was an English woman
of noble blood. The young poet has
studied In his native land. In Europe
and In the United States. In this conn
try he has lectured on modern poetry
at Columbia University and taught ro
mance languages at Williams Collasre.
iie is a corresponding member of the
Hispanic Society of America and also
belongs to a number of other literary
associations and academies here and in
SI, h?".?!. J". p.-nish' ,and "
frequent contributor to Spanish as well
as to American magazines, he Is re
garded as the foremost poet of his gen
eration in Latin-America. In 1910. on
the death of his father, the Nicaraguan
Congress decreed to adopt him as the
ward of the nation. Since then he has
been more and more looked upon by
his people as their special singer.
Some of these poems are "tropical."
Llrge On the March, by Glenna L. Blgelow.
$1. John Lane Co.. New York City.
Quite a war thriller. In days when
books about the war are many.
We are presented with an American
girl's experiences when the Germans
came through Belgium in August. 1914.
For a time she was virtually a prisoner
in the hands of the Germans. Consid
erable anxiety was felt as to her. safety,
as no communication was possible with
the outside world durintr those three
months of internment. Therefore her
journal was faithfully kept for the
benefit of her family, and depicts the
luxurious life of those days preceding
August, 1914, the shock of the declara
tion of war. the terrific battle of Sar
tilmont, three kilometers from the
chateau, which entailed directly the
death of her host. Monsieur X. It also
Includes the bombardment of Liege,
which lasted 12 days; the care of sol
diers burned In the forts, the capture
01 tne city by tne Prussians, their bru
tal shooting of civilians, the burniner of
i pr ui nm iy w 11 aiiu ine taxing or
citizens as hostages. It ends with her
attempted withdrawal to Brussels, her
final escape to Holland and her journey
from Flushing to Paris.
The Business of War. by Isaac V. Marcosson.
$1.50. Illustrated. John Lane Co., New
Mr. Marcosson is called "America's
foremost reporter." He is a busy in
dustrial bee. and he has been so suc
cessful in business that his life reads
like a romance.
This book is the big business exposi
tion of the war. and shows principally
the business facts connected with the
war facts that the eager American
reader wants to know about.
We are told about the feeding, transporting-
and supplying of the British
armies, the production and distribution
of shells, the miracle of the motor in
The best chapters are those which
mirror Sir Douglas Halg, Viscount
Northcllffe and Sir Erie Geddes.
The World War and What Was Behind It.
by L. P. Benexet. Illustrated. Bcott,
Foresmen A Co.. Chicago.
Toung people especially will find In
this book the friend in print that they
have been looking for. It tells in con
densed, graphic style the various
causes which have led to the great Eu
ropean war. caused particularly by
Germany's greed for what is not her
One of the strongest chapters Is that
on "Europe as it should be." The au
thor says that his mesage Is the re
suit of interest shown by pupils, teach
ers and the general public In a series
of war talks he gave in the Fall of
1914. His message Is of informing,
educative Interest- And Is splendidly
and fairly presented.
Mr. Benezet is superintendent of
schools, Evansville, Ind.
Josta of Are. by C. M. Stevens. 1 90. Illus
trated. Cupples Leon Co.. New York
"Joan of Aro was the first great war
rior for the freedom of nations. Sh
was the first leader of armies to make
war solely against war."
Such are the first significant words
of this splendid book, giving a search
lng yet highly appreciative picture of
the life of the greatest woman of old
France Joan of Arc The book is a
revelation of the greatest of woman
interests, the greatest of religious in
terests, and the greatest of patriotio
Fore, by Charles E. Van Loan. $1.53.
George H. Doran Co., New York City.
Our English friends, when they are
disposed to praise a worthy actton, say
"That cricket." If we are to believe
Mr. Van Loan that golf is essentially
a. game reflecting the honor of the in
dividual, we must In measuring fair
ness and on the same ratio as our Eng
lish cousins, say: "That's golf."
The number of golfers is large and
here is a Joyous book of golf stories
that will surely warm their hearts.
"Fore" consists of nine admirable
short stories, novelettes, with plenty of
bright conversation and lots of fun.
War Gardens, by Montague Free. 50 cents.
Harper and Brothers, Mew York City.
In the space of 114 pages we are pre
sented with a handy pocket guide for
home vegetable-growers the hardy,
sensible folk who have war gardens at
tneir nomcs ana wrn iim-iu ai tueiu.
One of the significant chapters Is
that on "Community Gardens," and an
other is on "The Value of Backyard
and Vacant-lot Gardening." This little
book is a helpful asset at the present
time in showing a man how he can
at home reduce the cost of living by
The German Pirate, by AJax. 60 centa
George H. Doran Co., New York City.
The only place In the world where
this book will be unpopular is Ger
many. The book, in paper covers, is a
sensational exposure of the brutal acts
of the German Navy on the high seas
in attacking enemies and neutrals
alike, iu destroying the brotherhood of
the sea and horrifying civilized beings.
It Is stated that the accounts given of
German submarine exploits have been
compiled from British Admiralty docu
ments and aworn statements of sur
The Girl In His House, by Harold MaeGrath.
Illustrated. 91.25. Harper a: Brothers,
New York City.
Written with that high, entertaining
quality so noticeable In Mr. MacGrath's
novels. "The Girl in His House" will
make pleasant Summer reading. James
Armitage hurries from the wilds of
China to find part of his fortune em
bezzled by his "faithful" agent and his
house occupied by a strange girl whom
he loves. Armitage becomes a burglar
for ner sake and several other sensa
The Amazing Interlude, by Mrs. Mary Rob
ebts Rlnehart. SI. 40. George 11. Doran
Co., New York City.
This readable and live story was re
viewed - in The Oregonian of May 1
the heroine. Miss Sara Lee Kennedy.
of Pennsylvania, lives a placid, self
satisfied and well-fed existence until
the conviction grows that she must be
come a worker in helping to decide
As a war nurse In France, Sara Lee
gazes on actualities with new vision.
Public Library Notes.
AMONG the "old" things which the
needs of the war have given re
birth, sphagnum moss for surgical
dressings Instead of absorbent cotton
is an interesting "find" of particular
moment to this Coast, from which the
Red Cross has asked a half million
pads to be made at once. That it has
been used by the allies for some time
and was known to a few long before
the war is the statement of Professor
A. R. Sweetser, head of the department
of botany at the University of Oregon.
He cites the Indian practice of cover
ings wounds with the moss, and its
usefulness to the squaws in swaddling
their infants, an old custom.
Professor Sweetser says: "Oakum Is
expensive and needed for ships; cotton
is valuable for explosives and other
purposes, while the moss Is plentiful
and cheaply gathered, and needs only
to be thoroughly dried for use. It is
very clean and light, and has an ab
I cotton." He adds further that great
InteresteJs being shown all along the
Coast, and many specimens sent, but
only the sphagnum which is found In
marsh bogs is wanted.
Some specimens of sphagnum from
Florence, Seaside. Brandon and Ilwaco
are shown in the exhibit case at the
library in the circulation department,
with Professor Sweetser's article on
the subject as published in the Eugene
Morning Register of April 28
The following is Dr. Waldo's list of
books to read for the week of June 9:
266 B38. Brown, "Why and How of alls
sions In the Sunday School."
266 D73e, Doughty, "Efficiency Points.
266 F26. Faunce, "Social Aspects of For
209 JTT, Jones. "Modern Missionary Chal
266 M39, Mason, "World Missions and
266 MT8. Montgomery. "King's Highway.
266 S742C, 6peer. "Christianity and the
Entrance examinations for the train
ing class for librarians, conducted
yearly by the Library Association of
Portland, will be held on June 17 at the
Central Library. The examinations will
cover histpry and current events, and
literature and general Information. Ap
plicants must have had at least a high
school education and should preferably
be between the ages of 20 and 35. Any
one desiring to take these examina
tions should see the director of the
training class at the Central Library,
Tenth and Yamhill streets, and file an
application as soon as possible.
MEN PROMINENT IN WORLD EVENTS APPEAR
BEFORE CAMERA FOR OREGONIAN READERS
Robert Lansing, Secretary of State, Is Diligent Worker Admiral Tyrwhitt Leads Naval Raid on Zeebrugge.
John Philip Sousa, Veteran Bandmaster, Does- Valiant Service.
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ONE department of the Government
at Washington upon which de
volves a tremendous amount of
work growing out of the war. of which
the general public hears little. Is the
Department of State. As head of the
diplomatic service and the branch of
the Government most closely Identified
with all of the international relations
of America, it is a most active agency
in the functioning of the Government.
Robert Lansing, Secretary of State, is
a diligent worker, of whom the public
hears whenever some new angle de
velops in diplomatic events.
John Philip Sousa, veteran bandmas
ter and one of the most widely known
and popular American musicians, en
listed in the Navy early in the war and
is directing bands for the United States
Government. During the recent drives
of the third liberty loan and Red Cross
the famous bandmaster with his musi
cians did valiant service.
To Admiral Sir Reginald T. Tyrwhitt,
D. S. C, fell the honor of leading the
British forces that covered the daring
Novelty Stand Is Convenient
for Woman Who Knits.
Ball of Yam Revolves oa ITorlght
Receptacle for Needles.
A CHARMING little gift for the wom
an who knits Is this stand of pol
ished white metal. The ball of yarn re
volves on the upright that rises from a
weighted base; and into the hollow up
right the knitting needles may be
thrust when not in use. The contriv-
For Busy Knitter.
ance makes an attractive ornament for
the boudoir or porch table and white
or delicate colored worsted will be kept
in better condition than when a knit
ting ball rolls about, often on the floor.
The Unquenchable Spirit of France.
Margaret Deland says in the June
Woman's Home Companion:
"It seems as if I were leaving the
French men out of this 'appreciation"
but it is they who show the women
how to be brave! I know a poor fel
low who wears on his breast the rroix
de guerre (war cross) and the medaille
mllitalre (military medal). He is so
crippled that all he can do is to run a
shaky elevator in this dismal old hotel.
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naval raid on the submarine bases of
Zeebrugge and Ostend. The raid was
one of the most brilliant achievements
of the war and resulted In complete
bottling up of the former port. The
Admiral has been commander of the
destroyer flotilla of the British first
fleet and has earned renown for his
work during the war.
In Serbia it la the custom ot the
country for a father to allow his beard
to grow as a sign of mourning for the
death of a son. King Peter, in keeping
with this custom, has allowed his beard
to grow, and the appearance of the
monarch who formerly wore mustache
and imperial is much changed thereby.
Recently there was a meeting of two
chums of college days at a most un
expected time and place. It was at
Camp Funston, Kan., to which two
French soldiers who had served with
distinction at the front were sent to act
as instructors, and when Alfred Bou
chet and Fernand Reich met at the
big cantonment, not far from the geo
graphical center of the United States,
it was a gratifying surprise to both.
A week ago there came a dark morn-
ng. but nothing much was said except
by Americans. One of these Ameri
cans bubbled over to the man in the
lift. 'Oh, monsieur, are the allies to De
defeated, after all? Will the Germans
win?" The man stared at her with
widenlnsr eyes: Hoo! Hool What?
Germany win? Non! Mon Dleu! Non!
not In my lifetime snail oermany Deat
us. He paused, drew himself up and
added: 'Madame, so; sooner than have
that, I he struck ls breast with a
hand that bad only two fingers, and
rolled a ferocious eye at his questioner
'sooner ahan have that. I will return
to the trenches!' "
How They Make Looking Glass.
Primitive man used the quiet pool
for his mirror and highly-polished
metal mirrors have been found In most
of the ancient ruins. For many gener
ations mirrors have been made of glass.
mercury or quicksilver films being the
favored substance for the reflecting
The older process is fully described
in many places. It was attended by
uncertainty and was objectionable for
The more modern method is that of
depositing metallic silver itself upon
the glass, which must be clean if an
even, homogeneous film is to be the
result. Silver in certain solutions is
easily displaced by other substances
and being no longer held in solution. It
Is thrown down upon all available sur
faces. The problem Is to have It de
posited at a rate that may be con
trolled and in a manner to give a uni
form, continuous film free from de
fects. A large percentage of the sil
ver must bo deposited from the solu
tion if losses are to be avoided.
Some recent work at the University
of Pittsburg has shown that alcohol
added to the solution increases the ef
ficiency of tho process and that sugar
is an excellent retarding agent, making
It possible to control the rate of deposi
tion. Formaldehyde is used as the re
A writer In the Scientific American
estimates that by the use of these
methods serviceable films can be made
at a cost of material not exceeding a
few cents per square foot of surface.
Newsy News" for Soldiers.
In the June Woman's Home Com
panion one woman tells how her little
town keeps in touch with Its soldier
" The Folks at Home' have formed
an association known as "Our Ladies'
Welfare Association, which meets
every two weeks, and whose purpose is
to keep In close touch with all the
boys, rendering them such services as
may seem necessary from time to time.
About 70 lads to date have answered
Uncle Sam's calL
"The one great thing the association
is doing is publishing once each week
a local paper known as "The Newsy
News.' which is chuck-full of local hap
penings and 'most everyone In the
village considers himself or herself a
part of the editorial staff. This
'Newsy News' contains all the divisions
of a regular newspaper which include
local photographs and local cartoons.
This paper is gotten up on a duplicat
ing machine, which makes the "Newsy
News' seem like a personal letter from
the folks at home.
"There Is scarcely a day goes by but
that a letter Is received from some of
these 70 boys, telling of their great
appreciation of this paper, which en
ables them to know Just what is going
on back home."
Sosse Tips on Clothes
Paris tailor-mades are simple and
smart, and one in black with a faint
white line forming a check and a lining
of white shows In a very narrow piping
around the eklrt and around the coat.
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Black Lace Dinner Frocks
Are Latest Craze.
17. S. Army Hats Have Resemblance
to Red Cross Head Dress.
THE loveliest dinner frocks ot black
lace at under (40 are a wonderful
bargain In wartime. One such frock,
of fine, allover black lace Is dropped
over a slip of thin black satin, the slip
sleeveless and supported by shoulder
straps. The lace bodice Is very simple.
In surplice style, with V neck and Ions?
sleeves. A black satin sash separates
It from the skirt, which has a deep
flounco of Imitation Chantilly dropped
below a shirred band of black satin
ribbon at the hip. This full flounce
of lace falls over a scanter flounce
which edges the skirt beneath. Black
dinner frocks are the craze now for
restaurant wear and with them aro
worn airy black hats of tulle or lace.
U. S. A. hats for every woman have a
captivating resemblance to the Red
Cross headdress worn by a favored few
women. Ono model, of pearl gray
faille silk has a broad, upturned brim
from which sweeps a long veil of navy
blue georgette. A small star, wrought
with blue beads, decorates the turned
back brim. Another style is of sand
colored satin in mushroom shape with a
dark blue georgette veil around the
high crown and streaming down tho
back. The resemblance to the Red
Cross headdress is in line only but It
is a silhouette that appeals mightily to
feminine fancy and these small hats
with their long veils, are proving ex
Tarn embroidery is much used on
Summer dresses of cotton voile ratine,
and even of georgette crepe. Exqui
site shades In worsted are blended Irt
these embroideries, which are done in
the simplest stitches; in long-and-short
stitch, yarning stitch, buttonhole stitch,
and the like, with most excellent ef
fect. A white batiste frock embroid
ered in pale blue worsted is charming;
so is a linen crash sport frock with
conventional designs in orange d
yellow. Black and white worsted em
broidery gives a distinctive note to a
frock of black and white checked ging
ham. Scalloped Cabbage
One small cabbage, one egg, milk or
soup stock, seasoning.
Cut up a small cabbage into quarters
and boll until tender in salted water.
Set aside to cool, chop and season with
salt, pepper and butter. Stir In a beaten
egg and moisten with a little sweet
milk or soup stock. Put in a casserole
and sprinkle crumbs of victory bread
over top. Bake for 30 minutes in a
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