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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 9, 1918)
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, JUNE 9, 1918.
JAPAN WITH CHINA
TO DEFEND ORIENT
Purpose of Recent Military
Agreement Between Two
' Nations Made Known.
NIPPON IS NOT AGGRESSIVE
Rumors Alleging Assumption of Un
due Authority In Celestial Realm
Declared to Be Without
By the Associated Press.)
TOKIO. June 8. The official state
ment issued by the Japanese govern
ment explanatory of the Chlno-Jap-anese
military agreement declares that
this agreement relates only to co-operation
by the two nations In defense
of the peace and welfare of the Far
East and explicitly denies various ru
mors to the contrary.
The text of the explanatory state
ment which accompanied the notes ex
changed between the two governments
"Having regard to the steady pene
tration of hostile influence Into Rus
sian territory, jeopardizing the peace
and welfare of the Far Fast, and rec
ognizing the imperative necessity of
co-operation between Japan and China
adequately to meet the exigencies of
the case, the governments of the two
countries, after a frank interchange of
views, caused the annexed notes to be
exchanged on March 25 between the
Minister of Foreign Affairs and the
Chinese Minister at Tokio.
Two Nations to Co-operate.
"In pursuance of the purpose of the
notes, the imperial government sub
sequently sent commissioners repre
senting the imperial army and navy
to Pekin, where they held conferences
with the authorities of the Chinese
army and navy.
"The negotiations progressing smooth
ly, two agreements were concluded,
one relating to the navy on May 19.
These agreements embody only the
concrete arrangements as to the man
ner and conditions under which the
armies and navies of the two countries
are to co-operate in the common de
fense against the enemy on the basis
of the above-mentioned notes ex
changed on March 25.
"The details of the arrangements, con
stituting as they do, a military secret,
cannot be made public, but they con
tain no provisions other than those
pertaining to the object already de
fined. Rumors Declared Groundless.
"Currency has been given to various
rumors alleging that the agreements
contain, for instance, such stipulations
as that the Chinese expedition is to
be under Japanese command; that Ja
pan may construct forts In Chinese ter
ritory at such places as she may
choose; that Japan will take control
of the Chinese railways, shipyards and
arsenals, and even that Japan will as
sume control of China's finances, will
organize China's police system, will ac
quire the right of freely operating
China's mines, producing materials for
the use of arsenals, etc
"It cannot be too emphatically stated
that these and similar rumors are ab
AMERICAN TROOPS REVIEWED AT FRONT.
TURKS TORTURE GREEKS
TREATMENT WORST SINCE FALL
Hundreds of Thousands Deported Froi
Thrace Parish t Women Are
Sold as Slaves.
NEW YORK, June 8. Mohammedan
prisoners of war in Salonlca. accord
ing to a cable message from Athens
to the Greek legation in Washington,
made public here today by the Ameri
can committee for Armenian and Syrian
relief, say that "the Greeks in Tur
key are undergoing the worst treat
ment since the fall of Constantinople,
1453, A. D."
The message says that the Moham
medan captives assert that since the
beginning of the war to the end of
1917 more than 200,000 Greeks between
the ages of 15 and 48 have been drafted
forcibly into the Turkish army and
that thousands of these have died as a
result of ill-treatment, hunger and
"More than 600.000 Greeks' have been
deported from Thrace Into Asia Minor.
One-half of the deportees died from
torture and illness," says the cable
message. ' "Many were slaughtered and
the survivors are in a terrible plight.
With the exception of Smyrna, Con
stantinople and a few other towns, all
the Greeks in them underwent terrible
Buffering, exile, torture and starvation,
"Women are sold as slaves, men are
forced to become Mohammedans and
$5,000,000,000 worth of property belong
ing to the Greeks has been confiscated.
Forty to fifty deaths occur daily among
the Greeks in Symrna as the result of
hunger and weakness.
"The streets in the larger cities are
full of Greek orphans, half naked and
begging for bread."
, ' t t
Western Union Officials Circu
late Among Employes Ad
dress to President Wilson.
TEXT OF DOCUMENT GIVEN
AUSTRIA'S PERIL IS SEEN
VIENNA BURGOMASTER DECLARES
HIGH TREASON RAMPANT.
American- troops were recently reviewed on the western front in France.
The color guard heading the division is shown in this French official photograph
passing in review.
SHIP DODGES DIVERS
Extraordinary Means Adopted
to Save Vessel.
SUCCESS REWARDS EFFORT
Many Days Consumed in Zlg-Zag
Conrse From West Indies to
Atlantic Port Captain
and Crew Praised.
AN ATLANTIC PORT.- June 8. Rac
ine at full speed for nearly a week to
escape German submarines, an Ameri
can steamship arrived today from the
West Indies with 69 passengers, more
than half of whom were women and
With the first inkling that U-boats
were at work, the captain took drastic
steps to protect his ship and the lives
of his passengers.' -
Taking a zig-zag course, he ordered
the engineers to get up every pound
of steam possible, and then ran far
out of the route usually followed by
steamers engaged in the West Indian
Lifeboats were prepared for instant
lowering and passengers warned
that if they appeared on deck they
would be thrown into irons.
Officers and men had no sleep for 72
hours while they kept a constant look
out for submarines, floating mines or
lifeboats from the raiders' victims.
The wireless operator picked up an S.
O. S. call from the Harpathian.
Both crew and passengers showed
the tension under which they had been.
A. J. Canyon, a Philadelphia banker,
and Frank P. Gilroy. a mining engi
neer from Denver, in relating their ex
periences, paid tribute to the work of
officers and men and to the courage
of the women passengers.
sion once more to launch its tirades
against the United States and the
President of the United States and to
endeavor to find some offset and com
fort for the steadily assembling Ameri
can hosts in France, which, despite the
abuse by the German papers of Pre
mier Clemenceau for the inspiration for
France he finds in the coming of the
Americans, is evidently viewed with
anything but equanimity in Germany.
The Cologne Gazette concludes a vio
lent diatribe against America as fol
lows: "It is, therefore, only right and fair
that we. too, make use of our war
means to chow the friends of humanity
in their home land what war looks
like and what it means. Our U-boats
first visited the American coasts for
legitimate, peaceful commerce. The
North Americans may now feel the fist
of the war lord.
"They need not be surprised. He
who sows the wind reaps the whirl
wind, even when he sits on the other
side of the great herring pond, where
he is under the delusion that he is safe
from the storm."
The Cologne Volkes Zeitung talks
about "those who are prosecuting a
starvation war against our wives and
children having revealed to them off
their own coasts the seriousness of
war when the new strategy of our U
boat war. which technically is becom
ing increasingly perfected, is also di
rected against the other shore of the
Atlantic Ocean. This, in view of the
character of our American opponent
evokes on all sides the liveliest satis
faction among the German peoples."
Teuton Press Launches Tirade
Against America and Wilson.
AMSTERDAM, June 8. (By the As
sociated Press.) News of the German
U-boats' operations on the American
coast receives page headlines in the
latest German newspapers reaching
here, and all details available 'are
greedily seized upon.
The press, moreover, takes the occa-
Need Declared for Parliament Where
Evils of Bureaucracy May
AMSTERDAM, Friday, June 7. The
Vienna correspondent of the Veiser
Zeitung, a radical newspaper of
Bremen, says that in a sensational
speech Dr. Weiskirchner, Burgomaster
of Vienna, declared:
"High treason and ingratitude are
rampant and the government has
proved weak and unsteady. In the
present serious time we need a Par
liament, for even a bad Parliament is
better than none.
"It is true that Parliament failed to
deal with .the food question, but it re
mains the only platform for free speech
and the only place where the arbitrary
acts of the bureaucracy and the nu
merous military encroachments can be
"The supreme and the most urgent
duty of the German parties now is to
show a united front to Slav treachery."
The General Federation of Women's
Clubs is urging that war mourning be
banned and only a mourning badge of
6iac& jtfui & aray. star. p yoxn,
PORTLAND PHYSICIAN JOIXS
RANKS OF KNIGHTS'
S ECRET ARIES.
f . i -
Dr. Harry A. Medernaclc
CAMP LEWIS. Wash., June 8.
(Special.) Dr. Harry A. Meder
nack, with offices In the Broad
way building, a graduate of
Mount Angel College and later a
freshman in the University of
Oregon medical department, has
joined the ranks of the Knights
of Columbus secretaries on this
cantonment. He probably will be
ordered overseas for service as
soon as he has become familiar
with routine secretarial work.
Dr. Medernack has practiced
medicine in Portland since 1905.
shortly after his graduation from
the Chicago College of Medicine
and Surgery. He is also well
known in Pendleton, where he
moved with his parents when he
was 4 years old. His father, James
P. Medernack, was one of the pio
neers of the motion-picture busi
ness in Pendleton. Dr. Meder
nack was born in Garnett, Kan.
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STONE SHIPS SUCCESS
CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION OCT OF
Contracts Soon to Be Let Will Make
208,500 Tonnage Ordered by
WASHINGTON, June 8. Evidence
that the Government regards the con
crete ship as having pasted beyond the
stage of experiment-to become a prac
tical and efficient aid in the country's
transportation sj-stem was given today
ir a statement by the Shipping Board,
showing that no less th&n five differ
ent branches of the Government con
templates building concrete vessels.
Chairman Hurley soon will place
contracts for 24 more concrete ves
sels, in addition to the 18 already let.
making a total tonnage of 298,500. or
dered by the Shipping Board. Most of
the new ships will be 7500-ton tank
ers and will be built in the five Gov
ernment yards announced several days
The Inland Waterway Commission Is
making bids on 21 concrete cargo
barges of 600 tons capacity. The Navy
Department has let contracts for 12
concrete barges of 500 tons each for
harbor use and the quartermaster's de
partment of the War Department has
advertised for bids on 2 tugboats of re
BERNSTORFF LOSES HONOR
Union College Cancels Degree That
It Had Conferred.
SCHENECTADY, N. T., June 8. The
trustees of Union College today by res
olution rescinded their action of four
years ago conferring the degree of
doctor- of laws upon Count Johann von
Bernstorff, former German ambassa
dor to tbe United States.
Next Monday the college will con
fer the degree of Doctor of Laws on
Secretary of State Robert Lansing and
Major-General Peyton C. March.
CARD OF THANKS.
We desire to thank our many friends
for their kindness and sympathy dur
ing the illness and death of our be
loved husband and father, and for the
beautiful floral offering.
MRS. J. M. THOMPSON
Organization Leaders Say They
Have Information That Less
Than 40 Per Cent or Em
ployes Affix Signatures.
Western Union officials of Portland
yesterday circulated among employes
of the company a testimonial. ad
dressed to President Wilson, and calcu
lated both to assure him that the tele
graphers will stand by the corporation
and to put a damper on the growing
Inclination of the workers to organize.
Organization leaders said last night
they have Information to the effect
that less than 4 0 per cent of the em
ployes signed the document. Company
officials declined to make a statement
on the subject.
Some employes who have not yet
become affiliated with the Commercial
Telegraphers' Union declared last night
that they regard the testimonial,
couched as an appeal to patriotism, as
a bit of clever camouflage.
Loyalty Is Pledged.
The text of the domument employes
were asked to sign, as carried away
by one of tbe displeased workers, fol
lows: "President Woodrow Wilson, White
House, Washington, D. C: We, as
patriotic citizens, first; telegraphers
second, and Western Union employes
third, deplore the agitation being
aroused between employer and em
ployes In the telegraph service over
the question of unionism at the
present time, when It is the manifest
duty of all to forward the Govern
ment's interests to the utmost in aiding
to provide an uninterrupted line of
communication for our Government and
its essential industries; therefore it Is
our desire that the present relations
between employer and employes remain
unchanged in this war crisis and we
pledge ourselves for the prompt ren
dering of our duty first, last and all
PatrtotUsn ta Asserted.
"We maintain." commented James R.
Kelly, organizer of the local tele
graphers' union, "that those who Join
the union and thus abet the move to
end the Western Union's opposition to
the Government are fully as loyal as
any who signed the company's petition.
We insist, in case the strike is called, on
placing our services at the disposal of
the Government for the transmission
of its messages absolutely free."
Strike instructions are en route
through the malls from the union's
National headquarters to all local or
ganizers and branches, it has been an
nounced. WASHINGTON. Tune 8. Final de
cisions In the cases of the Bethlehem
Steel Company workers and Postal
Telegraph Company employes will be
rendered by the National War Labor
Board at Chicago next Wednesday, the
board announced today.
OPERATORS OPPOSE STRIKE
Loyalty to Government Pledged In
Chicago, Seatlte and Spokane.
WASHINGTON, June 8. Several
thousand telegraphers employed by
the Western Union Telegraph Company
in Chicago, Seattle and Spokane tele
graphed President Wilson today that
they would not be parties to any move
ment looking to a disruption of the
country's commercial telegraph service
during the war.
They deplored agitation looking to a
strike of telegraphers and pledged
their loyalty to the Government.
Some 3000 telegraph operators in
Chicago told the President that they
were not represented by any labor
leaders who had threatened to call a
strike, and that they resented the in
ference that they might be "so base
and disloyal" as to support a strike.
Banquet Held at College.
MOUNT ANGEL COLLEGE, 6t. Bene
dict. Or., June 8. (Special.) An event
4J you vtijl admire,
Ws4 f0appmfe me
Wf -at? fro
trforrison at Fourth
of the week was the banquet of the
Pacific Star staff, held in the college
dining-room. Addresses were given by
several members. After tbe banquet
the staff spent a pleasant evening at
THREE COUPLES UNHAPPY
Snlts for Divorce Filed in Oregon
OREGON CITT. Or., June 8. (Spe
cial.) Brief has been the matrimonial
bliss of Charles O. Hudson and his wife,
G. Hudson, who were married April 10
of this year. Today the wife filed suit
for divorce, charging cruel and inhu
man treatment and asserting that her
husband had threatened to kill her.
Desertion is charged in the suit for
divorce filed by Ray Loner against his
wife, Irma Loner. They were married
in Vancouver in March, 1917. Jessie
E. Little asserts that her husband,
George R. Little, has abused her and is
an habitual drunkard. They were mar
ried in 1910 in New Tork.
Coffin Funeral Tomororw.
The funeral services for Lester Cof
fin, sheepman and capitalist, who died
at his home In Wenatchee, Wash., on
June 7. will be held at the chapel of
J. P. Flnley and Son, Fifth and Mont
gomery streets, tomorrow morning at
10 o'clock. The Rev. A. A. Heist
will officiate, and Interment will be
made -at Rivervlew Cemetery. The
pallbearers will be T. J. Seufert, T. J.
Johnson, R. M. Donovan. E. M. Win
gate. J. E. Forestel and N. W. Roun-tree.
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