80 Pages SixSections Section One Pages 1 to24 VOL. XXXVII NO. 23. PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 9, 1918. PRICE FIVE CENTS. in se s MARVEL OF SKY Sun Extinguished by Luna's Dead Mass. STARS TWINKLE IN MID-DAY Wonderfully Beautiful Solar Corona Marvelous and Weird Spectacle, . SIGHT IS AWE-INSPIRING Multitudes Gather Along Line of Celestial Shadow That Crosses United States. BY T. E. PAXTON. BAKER, Or., June 8. (Special) When the moon this afternoon on schedule time darkened the face of the sun for a period of one minute and 53 seconds persons in the path of . totality of the eclipse enjoyed or suf fered all the many thrills and sensa tions which tradition connects with the heavenly spectacle. In the weird darkness of mid-afternoon, observers marveled, feared or experienced a combination of emotions indescribable, as the phenomenon affected them. Despite knowledge that nature was merely doing the' expected and looked for, it was impossible to throw off a feeling that it was a solemn occasion, that the weird darkening of the sun was the working of a supernatural power and that the end of time had come. It was overpowering and awe inspiring; it was an experience none privileged to pass through will ever forget. ' Birds Seek Their JsTests. Expectant and eager only to see the spectacle, previous to the passing, people were excited and talkative. As the eun's light began to darken and birds sought their nests and chickens their roosts and the chill of twilight descended, the feeling changed, con versation ceased and all felt the in fluence of the impending demonstra tion of nature as something of grave portent, of mysterious meaning. The nerves tightened and expect ancy rose, yet, with all, there was feeling of awe as if disaster was at hand and as stars began to twinkle in mid-afternoon it was fearsome. ' Corona's Beauty Incomparable. Then as the face of the moon began almost completely to cover the sun's surface, the tense feeling seemed to relax. The wonderfully beautiful so lar corona began to appear and as its pearly light radiated from behind the dark shadow of the moon, an over powering feeling of witnessing a di vine revelation took hold of one. Its beautiful tints and colors, radiating from the scintillating mass of light, was a marvelous spectacle and a sight which burned its details into the mind of an observer never to be forgotten and, to the ordinary person, almost indescribable. For brief moments it -remained, and Concluded on Page 13. Column 1.) ECLIPSE DARK TO UNUSUAL DEGREE DIFFUSED LIGHT LESS THAN FREQUENTLY SEEX. Lick Observatory Receives Report of Complete Success of Observa tion at Goldendale. LICK OBSERVATCRT, Cal. .June 8. A telegram to the Lick Observatory from Director W. W. Campbell, reports the entirely successful carrying: out of the ' full ' programme " planned for the station at Goldendale, Wash. There had been threatening' clouds up to near the time of totality, but an unexpected break In the clouds crave an absolutely clear sky at the critical time. The eclipse was an unusually dark one, with less diffused light than has often been seen at totality. The type of the solar corona was Intermediate, at this eclipse, between those observed respectively at the maximum and nxlV mum of sun spot activity. '. Notably fine groups of sun spots were visible on the surface of the sun wherever observations of any phase of the eclipse were made. " The first and last oontcts were A- BAM.rAj A . II IT. . 1. eclipse was partial. Jr J At the station at Goldendale the J serving party includinw Astronor. Campbell, Curtis and Moore of lj Professor Lewis of the University) California, and several volunteer I servers. " Thin la thii olov.nth f ntol pl1nBA which 13 expeditions have been s from Lick Observatpry. Only thr failures, those of the Japan, Labrac and Russia expeditions have been 1 countered, all due to storms at apex of totality. ALL BUT UNIFORM GRANT Woman Surgeon Gets Army Office Rank and Pay. CAMP GRANT. Rockford. IlL. June Dr. Isabelle Gray, of St. Louis, said to be the first woman admitted to Army service with the status of an officer, reported for duty today to Division Sur geon James M. Phalen. and will be assigned as an anaesthetist at the base hospital. She has practiced medicine 14 year. She has the standing in the United States Army of a First Lieutenant, but under the special order- of the .War Department admitting women to the medical division, is not permitted to wear the insignia f the rank, though she draws the salary. . NEW STAR IS DISCOVERED Astronomer Olivier Finds Bright Blue Heuvenly Body. WASHINGTON. June 8. A new star, the brightest discovered in several cen turies, was detected tonight at Leander McCormick observatory at the Univer sity of "Virginia by C. T. Olivier, pro fessor of astronomy. He described it in. a telephone message to the Asso ciated Press as a bright blue star of magnitude 0.5 degrees, located In the constellation Aqulla, a size that makes it nearly the largest and brightest in the sky during the present months. Its location is astronomically de scribed as right ascension 18 hours and 14 minutes, declination plus 0 degrees and 43 minutes north. GERMAN POTATOES SCARCE Food Official of Berlin Says There Is No Rosy Future. LONDON, June 7. A dispatch to the Central News eays that at a meeting held in Dresden the secretary of the war food department of Berlin declared there would not be enough potatoes to last until the next harvest, and that the outlook for meat and fats was worse than at the beginning of the year. He added that he was unable to point to a rosy future for them. a CITY IS ENVELOPED Iti MELLOW LIGHT Strange Twilight Glow Spreads Over All. ECLIPSE IS RARE SPECTACLE Clouds Somewhat Interfere With View . Here. THOUSANDS PEER AT SUN Portland's Share in Solar Event Scarcely Liberal, Awesome Roth of Night Lacking, Vet Xt Was No Disappointment.- f BY BEN HUR LAMPMAN. Neither Vulcan the mythical planet which sweats at the gates of the sun. nor the corona, the enchanted light that leaps In aureole about the solar nody, were visible to Portland gazers yesterday afternoon, though the city smutted its thousands of noses with moked glass and gaped in wonder at he long-heralded eclipse. Lower Jaw dropping, and cheek by owl, with necks that declined to admit heir cricks, tnere they stood that concourse of citizenry, in backyards and on high roofs utterly absorbed in the lunar repast. Bite by bite, with the immutable laws of eternity pressing it on, the lady moon finished off the sun as neatly as a sorority girl cleans up a sundae. From the astronomical view, the city's share in the ' solar event ' was scarcely liberal. It lacked the "awesome rush of night from the Pacific,' it was sans the waving, indescribable color weave of the corona, and the flickering shadow-bands were a minus quantity. But it sufficed admirably for those people of Portland who stayed at home though. It must be confessed, they met the spectacle with the levity of a holiday spirit. Sua Peers Through Clouds. - -Lofty clouds, of smoke or moisture. raced over tbe sky. Through them the sun peered redly a highly in flamed, irascible party who didn't ap prove. Ten thousand fragments of clouded glass and as many used cam era films and plates, more or less, had been trained upon him for an hour in the high hope that, maybe, the learned astronomers had flunked their predictions and the eclipse would ar rive ahead of schedule. And, then. In a matter-of-fact man ner, at 2:38 the moon slipped in be tween, and " the grudging sun had given its firef bite to the fair one. Technically this period is known as first contact, but to the wandering fancy of the uninltiate it seemed as though some utterly remote and Invis ible diner had. nibbled at a golden pie. The smoked glass gazers multiplied. The used-film brigade gathered re cruits with a rush. The eclipse was on. But the crowds went their ways unperturbed along the ' streets, the streetcars clattered busily, and the city at large refused to admit that aught out of the ordinary was to the fore. Pale, Mellow Light Diffused. Later it was different. Intermit tently obscured by the swift cloud vapors, but reappearing with a daz zle that dimmed the eye and set the head whirling the sun gave evidence that tbe maximum period of obstnuc tion was approaching. Over the city there crept a pale mel low light, subdued and softened, such as heralds a Summer storm. Trees and buildings and the street crowds took on the unreality and vagueness of ap- Concluded on Page 12. Column 7.) PICTORIAL COMMENTS BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON 1 . - . " INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 81 desreea; minimum. SO decrees. TODAY'S Fair and partly cloudy; sentle, variable wliida. Eclipse. Solar eclipse viewed by scientist with great ucceae. Section 1, page 1. Clouds defeat eclipse observers at Denver. Section 1. page 1. Eclipse unusually dark at Goldendale, Wash. Section 1. page 1. Portland people have Intermittent slirapeea of eclipse. Section 1. pace 1. Lick astronomers set good results at Golden dale. section l. page 12. Obscuring clouds lift at crucial moment. Sec tion 1, page 12. Stanford astronomer not disappointed. Sec tion , page . War. I Allies .continue gains. Section 1. page 1. Correspondent Gibbons' wouods received in rain of machine-gun fire. Section 1, pane '2. Navy - Department plana to guard against further . submarine raids. Section 1. page 2. British and 1 German seaplane squadrons ' fight off Dutch Coast. Section 1. page B. Pershing admonish soldiers to write to folks at home. Section X page 3. -Ship spends week dodging U-boats between West Indies and an Atlantic port. Sec tion 1. page 5. Franco-Americans gain. Section 1. page . loreign. Paris sees danger of close-range Intensive Hun bombardment. Section 1. page 4. Japan disclaims assumption of undue au thority in China. Section 1. page 0. National. American merchant marine gains 629 ships In five months. . Section 1. page 6. Statesmen play baseball for benefit of Bed Cross. Section 1. page T. Sports. Buckaroos appear at home today. Section 2. page 1. All-star high school nines picked. Section 2, page 1. Annual Hunt Club meet Saturday. Section 2, page 2. High school nines finish successful season. Section 2. page 2. New golf links open June 16. Section 3. page 2. Foundation boxing show to be hummer. Section 2, page 3. Anglers' Club arranges casting sche&ule. - Section 2. page 3. , Five boxing titles decided at Camp Lswls. Section 2, page 3. Shipyard nines fight for title. Section 2. page 4. Track game failure past season. Section 2. page 4. Seattle golfers worry over Portland team. Section 2, page 4. Michigan wins track meet. Section 2, page 5. Pacific Northwest. Eighteen promotions In O. A C. faculty an nounced. Section 1. page 8. Portland boys help in' Hood River Valley harvest. Section 1. page 10. Mrs. Elmer Amldon suies for divorce. See tlon 1. page 10. Eastern Washington looks for banner wheat crop. Section 1. page 22. Commercial and Marine. Liner Beaver returns to old route. Section 2. page 10. Women employes of Foundation shipyard adopt French ws,r orphans. Section 2, page 16. - Federal drydock for Portland planned. Sec tion 2, page 16. Portland and Vicinity. All Northwest to protest new freight rates. Section 1, page 1, Survey of State Government t be made. Section 1. page 6. Carl S. Kelty goes to San Francisco In Gov ernment service. Section 1, page 7. Operation of Jitney buses in Portland prom ised this week.' Section 1. page 11. Milk prices soar one cent a pint. Section 1, page 11. Children's Industrial clubs In Portland are doing excellent work. Section 1. page 13. Extension course clssses visit war garden. Section 1. page 14. Floral exhibit to open Thursday. Section 1, page 14. Fire loss record lowest for years. Section 1, pagelu. Woman's Technical Department at Library is proving its worth. Section 1, page 16. Portland is host to veterinarians this week. Section 1, page- IS. Portland plans monster t Fourth of July . . Section 1, page 18. Fubltc reception to Captain Hardy will be held tomorrow evening. Section 1. page 18. City viaduct nears completion. Section 1. page 19. Reed College to start Summer school. Sec tion 1. page 19. Red Cross duties curbed by Nation. Sec tion 1. page 20. Portland to observe Flag day June 14. Sec tion 1. page 20. Adventist camp meeting most notable yet held. Section 1, page 20. Portland V. M. C. A. workers on torpedoed transport are rescued. Section 1. page 20. Portland pastor pays tribute to character of late Charles W. Fairbanks. Section 1. page 21. All Oregon active in war savings stamp drive. Section 1, page 21. Al Kader Temple, Mystic Shrine, initiates class of 172. Seotion 1. page 22. Lawrence "Larry" Sullivan dies. Section 1. page 22. Two boards name registrants for service. Section- 1. paga 22. Address to President circulated among West ern Union employes. Section 1, page 5. Mr. McFaul candidate for school director. Section 1. page 8. Aircraft representative in city. Section 1. page 8. Weather report, data and forecast. Section 1. page 22. ALL NORTHWEST TO PROTEST HEW RATE Producer and Shipper to Air Views. CONFERENCE CALLED JUNE 13 Coast .Penalized Because of Fair Treatment. ALL INDUSTRIES AFFECTED Meeting Will Determine Step Nec essary to Protect Northwest Enterprises in Face of 25 Per Cent Rise. For the purpose of considering; the steps that may be advisable with ref erence to the 25 per cent increase in freight rates, the Oregon Public Serv ice Commission has called a conference of producers and shippers to held at room 253 Courthouse. Thursday. June 13, at which all persons interested are invited to be present. It is the consensus of opinion of the Public Service Commissioners of Ore gon. Washing-ton and Idaho that united action should be taken In behalf of the industries, producers and manufactur ers of tbe Pacific Northwest to en deavor to secure some amendments of the freight rates to be placed In ef feet June 25. under the order of the Railroad Administration. It la seen that a serious situation confronts many districts because the proportional rates as applied place a heavy burden upon the Pacific Coast territory. Ilatra Declares? lajnart. The effect of cumulative charges, where local freight charges must . be combined with tbe through Joint rates, and the Increase of 25 per cent applied In each instance becomes a cumulative charge greater than the traffic can pos sibly bear. Frank J. Miller and II. H. Correy, Oregon Public Service Commis sioners, attended a conference held at Tacoma, Friday, with the Washington commissioners to discuss phases of the new rates that will seriouUy affect in dustrles and the public "It was the sentiment of the men with whom I have discussed the pro posed Increase In rates that the Pacific Coast should not be penalized because we have dealt liberally and candidly with the railroads in the past and have established and maintained rates that enabled our railroads to be in better physical condition than are the Eastern roads." said Mr. Miller last night at the Imperial HoteL Pacific Coaat Penalised. "The effect now gems to be that owing- to the adjustment of rates that had previously been made here we are penalized by having- proportion ately greater increase at this time. "In my investigations last year I found that the Eastern roads v-ere in much worse condition than the West ern roads, and asking for financial help. Their track, roadbed, equipment, power. buildings. everything- of a physical character was not in as good condition as on our roads out here. "Judge Lovett. of the Union Pacific: Mr. Kruttschnttt. of the Southern Pa cific; Mr. Wlnchell and other heads of large systems said in their testi mony when the hearing was given on the so-called 15 per cent Increase of rates that their roads had established a credit and laid by a sufficient sur plus to tide them over any extraordi nary condition and that they did not need the 15 per cent increase asked for. "Time has justified their statement and the Western roads last year earned from 10 to 17 per cent on their capital'zation. which proves that there is no necessity for an Increase in rates f Concluded on Page 3. Column 1.) SOME RECENT NEWS CLOUDS AT DENVER DEFEAT OBSERVERS SCIENTISTS ASSEMBLED TO SEE ECLIPSE DISAPPOINTED. Study of Color Effects Resulting From Approaching Darkness Is Only Thing Accomplished. DENVER. Colo.. Jirne 8. Astrono mers from the staff of the Yerkes Ob servatory of the University of Chicago and other observatories who gathered at the University of Denver Observa tory today to make observations of the total eclipse of the sun. found that their elaborate preparations went for naught as a result of heavy clouds which covered the sky during the greater part of the eclipse. The cloud bank arose shortly before the eclipse began and the sun did not break through until 50 minutes after the eclipse had passed totality. The scientists swallowed their dis appointment and. deserting their in struments, gathered in the observa tory yard to observe the color effect on the clouds of the approaching dark ness. When the eclipse was total and a sepulchre-like pallor epread, deepening Into such darkness that automobile headlights were turned on, a brilliant electrical storm was visible in the mountains many miles to the south west. When, the aim finally broke through the clouds at 6:05 P. M.. only the upper left-hand corner of the sun was ob scured by the moon, and telescopic photographs were taken. Dean Herbert A. Howe, of Denver University, who directed the work iere. said, however, that these observations were of little Importance, as the princi pal data sought could be obtained by observations made only when the eclipse was total. GALLANT ACE IS WOUNDED Father Receives Word of Casualty to Douglas Campbell In France. GOLDENDALE, Wash.. June 8. (Spe cial.) Dougiaa Campbell. American ace, has been wounaed In Prance. His In jury is not serious. The news was re ceived here today by his father. Pro fessor William Wallace Campbell, head of the Lick Observatory party, which studied the eclipse from this point. The cablegram said: "Your eon. Douglas Campbell, slight ly wounded. Everything all right. (Signed) "MAR." Professor Campbell supposes, al though he does not know, that Mar 1b an American officer. "I am glad the boy is not badly hurt." was Professor Campbell's com ment. Dougiaa Campbell is a daring aviator. He has downed five German airplanes and has been decorated for bravery. He was 22 years old yesterday. June 7. CRATER LAKE ROAD DRYING Way Open for Autos as Far as Headquarters Camp. KLAMATH FALLS. Or.. June 8. (Special.) Word has been received from Assistant Superintendent H. E. Momyer that the Crater Lake National Park road on the Klamath Falls side is now open as far as the camp at head quarters for autos a date much earlier than for several years past. The headquarters camp is four, miles below the rim of the lake. The road above is fast drying out and it is ex pected that autos can go to the en gineers camp, a short distance from the rim, by ue end of the month. FOOD CONDITIONS ARE BAD Ambassador Francis Reported to Have Reached Petrograd. WASHINGTON. June 8. The pres ence in Petrograd of Ambassador Francis was reported to the State De partment today. Other dispatches to the department said conditions in Petrograd were bad, especially as to food supplies. EVENTS. ALLIES COIIIIHUE III SMASH ENEMY Americans and French Ad vancing Steadily. Teutons Bombard Line Heav ily From Noyon to Montdid ier, Presaging Onslaught. WOEVRE SECTOR WATCHED Huns Concentrating Troops in Region of St. Mihiel. as if Intending to Attack. PARIS, June 8. Heavy counter-attacks launched by the Germans around Chezy and Dammard, to the northwest of Chateau Thierry, broke down un d?r the French guns, according to the War Office announcement tonight. The enemy suffered serious losses. tBy the Associated Presa.) In the battlefield of the Marne, where a week, ago the Germans wen hurling their masses of troops against the western side of the wedge which they had driven into the allied lines in the battle that began on March 26, the Teutons are now standing vir tually on the defensive in the Chateau Thierry sector. American and French troops art participating in a reaction on the ex treme tip of the salient and are mak ing: progress in this important region. The British are engaged on the other side of the wedge between tbe Marne and Kheims. Germans Forced Back. While the operations take the na ture of local attacks, they have had their effect in driving the Germans back from the points they rttched on the crest of the wave that carried them far on the road to Paris. The attacks, which began just to the northwest of Chateau Thierry, are spreading northward along the line and everywhere the allies report ground recovered from the enemy. The rush of the American marines and the French on Thursday afternoon has not continued to gain ground as fast as it did at the inception of tbe movement, but it is still going on. In the meantime they have withstood two violent attacks by the Germans and have repulsed the enemy in decisive fashion. Boche Artillery Active. There has been renewed activity on the part of the German artillery in several sectors of the front. Notable among the regions under , bombard ment is the line between Noyon and Montdidier. It is along this line that a heavy enemy offensive has been expected by military experts since the momentum of the German advance from the Aisne has died away. When the Ger mans pushed west from St. Quentin late in March and early in April, the Oontinud on Fa 4. Column 2.