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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1918)
VOL. XXXVII XO. 21.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 26, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Diplomatic Break Held
to Be Portended.
CUBAN BREACH FORERUNNER
War Policy Back of Clash With
. Island Republic.
FABELA'S PAPERS SEIZED
Envoy Recently Searched at Havana.
Two Other Iatln-American If a-
tlons Involved German
' WASHINGTON, May 25. In Mexico's
udden breaking off of diplomatic rela
tions with Cuba la seen an indirect ac
tion against the United States.
Those here most familiar with Latin
American affairs profess to see In It the
forerunner of more direct action, pos
sibly an interruption of intercourse be
tween the United States and Mexico. .
Although without official informa
tion of a, detailed character, itis under
stood here that Mexico's real grievance
-.S;ani8t Cuba is the recent incident in
which the Mexican Minister to Argen
tina, Senor Ysidor Fabela, was delayed in
Havana while some official, ostensibly
a Cuban customs Inspector, searched his
baggage and probably removed some
papers said to be of an International
. Mexico Suspects fV. S.
This' incident , is believed here to be
the real cause of the break and those
who entertain this belief are firm In
the conviction that -Mexico was con
vinced that the United States was re
sponsible for the incident.
When Senor Fabela's luggage was
searched It was maintained by some
that the person who did It was not a
Cuban official at all, but some other
agent In' the disguise of a Cuban In
spector or gendarme. Later, however.
It seemed to have been satisfactorily
established that the man really was a
Cuban inspector. . . ,
A break between Cuba and Mexico,
It la felt, disrupts practically nothing
hut a long-standing friendly relation.
In the oinlon of those in close touch
with the subject it may actually give
Cuba a free hand, as the Mexican For
eign Minister says In his announcement,
but perhaps not in the manner sug
gested. Gmui Agents Active.
American agents for some time have
been reporting German agents operat
ing in Cuba, some of them crossing
frequently to the United States as Cu
ban citizens or Mexican citizens. A sev
erance of diplomatic relations prob
ably would leave the Cuban govern
ment feeling more at liberty to Inves
tigate their activities.
When first-class powers are con
cerned, a break in diplomatic relations
inevitably has been followed by war.
Between lesser powers this rule often
falls to hold good.
Confidential reports here from Ha
vana have said that, quite outside the
Fabela incident, well-informed persons
there expected Mexico might find some
pretext to actually suspend diplomatic
relations with the United. States.
Gersnaa Propaganda at Work,
All those who take thisview base
their opinion on the assumption that
'German propaganda again is active.
MEXICO CITT. May 24 The recall
ef the Mexican representative to Cuba
and the suspending for an indefinite
time of the sending of a new represen
tative is explained officially as doe to
the fact that because of the war in
which Cuba is involved, that govern-
tConcluded 'on Page 8. Column 4.
I """s '
t I J 1 - rrV vryv.e r " I I -J I
DUCAL PALACE AT
ALLIED . FLYERS . SPREAD TER
ROR AMONG RESIDENTS.
Two Tons of Bombs Are Dropped on
City, Testrojing Chcnrtcal Plant
and Damaging Railway Station.
ZURICH. Switzerland. May 25. Re
ports received here today from trust
worthy sources say that when the train
carrying Emperor Charles of Austria
Hungary on his return from Constan
tinople was passing through Bulgaria
it was stoned by Bulgarian soldiers on
leave. Some of the- windows are said
to have been broken. ,
LONDON, May 25. Acording .to in
formation received from the German
embassy at Mmcow, the members of the
Romanoff dynasty now in Kiev, have
been accorded facilities to leave Rus
sia by way of Germany. Grand Duke
Nicholas, the dispatch says, will go to
Montenegro, and the Dowager Empress
QUOTA MORE THAN TREBLE
Washougal Raises $1600 In Three
Days Without Soliciting.
WASHOUGAL, Wash.. May 25. (Spe
cial.) With a quota of 500. this city
raised $1600 in three days for the Red
Cross, without sollcnr.
Before the drive started cards were
sent to each family in the district, ad
vising that the ladies of the Red ,'ross
would have a booth IS the Clarke
County Bank to receive voluntary sub
scriptions. The result was very grati
fying. In three days practically every
family in the district had sent in their
subscription, the average being one
The system followed has done away
with a great deal of hard work for so
GRANDFATHER STILL YOUNG
Montana Man, With Son In Service,
Accepted by Uncle Sam.
SPOKANE, Wash., May . 25. (Spe
cial.) When James A. House, of Clin
ton, Mont., bade his friends good-bye
and started to war after he enlisted,
he had to kiss a round of grandchil
dren, along with the other relatives he
left behind., ..
Mr. House has a son in service and.
three daughters in their own homes
and yet is possessed of the youth and
physical qualifications that made him
eligible for a' place in Uncle Sam's
Army and was readily accepted for
the engineers' replacement company
when he offered himself to the Mis
soula recruiting office.
HUNS KILL 65,042 BABIES
Roches Cause 150,314 Deaths In
Bosnia in 'Three Years.
LONDON. May 25. Figures have
been obtained from a Serbian source
showing the terrible losses sustained
by the Serbian population of Bosnia.
In three years. 1915. 1916 and 1917.
there were 150,314 deaths of which -65,-042
were children under 10 years of
age. Of these 12,867 were Infants un
der 1 year.
While before the war there were
from 25,900 to- 30,000 births annually.
the birth rate has been so reduced that
in 1915 there were 4648 more deaths
than births. In 1916 the excess of
deaths over births amounted to 17,711
and in the first half of 1917 to 7566.
UKIAH SAWMILL IS BORN ED
Workers Battle Flames - and Save
Lumber Scored in Yards.
PENDLETON, Or., May 25. (Special.)
A large sawmill at Ukiah, in the
mountains south of here,' burned early
this- morning, according to word re
ceived in this city. The origin of the
fire is not known.
There are no fire-fighting facilities,
but the workers managed to save all
of the lumber in the yards. The loss is
CARTOONIST REYNOLDS' LIGHTSOME VIEWS ON SOME RECENT NEWS EVENTS ARE HEREUNDER EXPRESSED PICTORIALLY.
Message , That Sizzles
Read in Senate.
CENSOR CREEL IS ASSAILED
Executive. Toleration of Pro
German Press Charged. .
TRUTH. DECLARED STIFLED
President Accused of Making Trade
Wnh Anti-American Publisher
to Secure Support for
WASHINGTON, May 23. Charges
that th Administration has used its
powers to stifle he: jet criticism, while
at the same time condoning anti-ally
and anti-American agitation in power
ful newspapers, were made by Theo
dore Roosevelt today in a reply to
Postmaster-General Burleson in their
controversy oer the Postoffice Depart
ment's treatment of publications. '
The charges were presented tc the
Senate by Senator Polndexter, of Wash
ington. - ,
Colonel Roosevelt declared President
Wilson perse ally was responsible for
the Postmaster-General's attitu. . The
Hearst papers, he said, ore among those
that have received favored treatment.
Great Powers Kxerelsed.
VSince the war began," said Colonel
Roosevelt, "the Administration has used
the very great powers of the Govern
ment over the public .press, to stifle
honest criticism of governmental in
efficiency or misconduct while con
doning (which necessarily means en
couraging) pro-German, anti-ally and
other anti-American agitation in cer
tain powerful papers, which defended
this inefficiency and misconduct; and
it has sought from Congress a great
addition to the already existing power
It has misused.
"I believe that the first artlcl- of
the Constitution guarantees t'.-e right of
the - people 'to --criticise truthfully the
conduct of their public servants and
that this right cannot be taken away
by any law.
' Blow at Trwth Alleged.
"During the past year, the action of
the Administration, taken largely
through the Postoffice Department, has
been such as to render It a matter of
some danger for any man and especial
ly any newspaper, to speak the truth if
that truth be unpleasant to the gov
ernmental authorities at Washington.
"The effecf of this attitude has, been
very marked politically. Such coercive
power tends to make upright men,
even although they are strong ' men,
cautious about telling truths . which
ought to be told. --.
Evils Declared Possible.
"It forces weak . men to . praise the
Administration whether it does well
or ill. It Invites unscrupulous men who
desire to serve Germany to gain license
to do so and to secure advantages by
praising the Administration, especially
when' it has acted wrongfully or inef
ficiently and by supporting it politi
cally. . .
"There are cases ' where all com
petent and honest observe are moral
ly ' certain , that political support has
been given and is now being given to
the Administration by various news
papers, especially German-American
and " Semi-Socialistic newspapers, be
cause of the club thus held over them
by the Administration.
Positive Proof Difficult to Get.
"From the very nature of the case,
there can rarely be positive proof in
-. (Concluded on Page ft. Column 1.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather. '
TESTERDAT-8 Maximum temperature. 66
aesrees; nrntlmum. 41 deareea. t
TODAY'S Fair; westerl winds. . ' ,
"f. ' . War. .
U. ' 8. ' has 2,000.000 men under arms and
thousands ot airplane. Section 1. pace i
Allies wrest sir control from Sons. Section
1. Ve -
Rheta Chllds Dorr tells of Americas troops
' in Francs. Section 1. pace .
British sink big U-cruiser. Section L pace 1.
Americana conduct, silent" raid. Section 1.
J orei-s. '
British disclosures show Hinn Fein ttlUiiis
tool ot Germany. Section 1. page 9.
United States and Mexico nisy sever diplo
matic relatione. - Section 1. pass 1.
Wilson's war aims plcass British lshor.
section i pass e. -
Returned soldiers encase in wild riot at Hai
nan. Section 1, page 1.
Roosevelt arouses President Wilson of tol-
orating Hearst's pro-German papers to
secure snpport for Administration. Sec
lion 1, page 1. , . -
Immediate new war revenue legislation sesma
certain, section .1. :sgs .
Insanity defense made for Grace Lusk. Sec
tion 1. page . ,
Declaration of Milwaukee I. W. ' W. for
Kaiser of United States told at trial.
Section 1. page 6.
Portland loses to Tacoms, 8 l
2. page 1.'
Commerce leads In batting.
Oregon Club girts Inter-sororlty champions.
Section 2; page 3.- - - -Shipbuilders
play two games here today.
Section 2. page 2.
M. A. A.' C , all-star Sunday morning nine
selected. Section 2, page 2.
Michigan sport fans expect more liberal
policy, section 2. page 2.
Tennis executive committee to meet In Chi
cago. Section 2, page 2.
''Jack- Sullivan thinks Administration will
go on record opposing closing of baseball
parks. Section 2. page 8.
Oregon Yacht Club season opens May 30.
Section 2, page 8.
Portland Motorboat Club to hold races on
Memorial day. Section 2, page 8.
Multnomah Club girl divers practice for
meets. Section 2. page 4.
Scholastic field meet Is good. . Section 2.
Po 4. ,
Richmond wins grammar school meet. Sec
tion 2. page 5.
Oregon -Agricultural College teams make
success of athletics. Section 2. page 8.
Organised-baseball gives 1100 men to colors.
Section 2. pags a.
Waverley golfers lose to Portland Golf Club,
Section 2. page ft.
Clay-bird shooting fascinating. Section Z.
page 6. , . .
Idaho's Senatorial race rashes into limelight.
8ection 1. page 7.
Spelling match held at Wlnlock. Section 1.
Baker scientists prepare to view eclipse.
Section 1, page 8.
Horner, captured In Okanogan, confeasea
8ectlon 1. page 1. .
Prison authorities wait for convict to move.
Section 1, page 9.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon potato shipping season drawing to
close. Section 1. page 21.
Rails lead in late rebound In Wall-street
market. Section 1. page 31,
Chicago corn trade unsettled by ruling on
hedging sales, section 1. page 21.
Portland still seeks to buUd concrete ships.
Section 1, page 20.
President congratulates - Portland metal
workers. Section J. page 20.
Waukam is launched. Section 1, page 20.
Coast-built 'ships assigned. Section 1.
Joseph Supple honored. Section 1, page 20.
Portland and Vicinity.
Sale of wheat flour In Oregon ordered halt
ed tomorrow. Section 1. page 8.
House building here not keeping pace with
Increase In population. Section 1. pago 10.
Empire Day celebration to be International.
section 1. page 11,
Camp Lewis praised by Portland offlciala
Section 1. page 12.
Criticism of Red Cross work rolla -- Section
1. page 14.
Columbia Beach to open May 30. Section 1,
Presiding legislative timber already at work.
section l. page is.
Student organizations at Reed College elect
officers for coming year. section -1.
Brigade of three ' regiments is aim of Ore
gon Horns Guard contingent. Section 1.
, Rev. F. B. Short, of Spokane, called to pas
torate here. Section 1. page 17.
All America will honor heroic dead. Section
1. page 18.
Oaks Amusement Park opens. Section 1.
page 18. - .
Presbyterian camp pastors' work at Army
cantonments appreciated Section 1,
Miss' Mame Kerr named secretary of Trav
elers' Aid Section. 1. page 19.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2. psge 6.
Soldiers Replace Strikers..
VICTORIA, B. C. May 25. Shipyards
of British Columbia, where nearly 10,
000 men are reported to be on strike
for increased wages and shorter work
days. ' will reopen Monday with re
turned soldiers replacing many- of the
Btrikers, It was announced today by R.
P. Butchart, director of wooden ship
building for the Imperial Munitions
ET1 1 04.0
Woman Asks Marriage
and Murder' Follows.
PHOTOGRAPH BREAKS- NERVE
Slayer Sees Victims' Picture
and Admits Triple Killing.
SHERIFF GETS CONFESSION
Officer Subjects Prisoner, Who Is
'Arrested In Okanogan County, to
. Severe Cross-Examination, to
"Which He Finally Snccumbs.
SliATTJLli, Wash.. May 25. W. R.
Horncr. a mill worker, who was ar
rested Friday night In Okanogan Coun
ty by officials investigating the' mur
der of Mrs. Nellie Bassett and her two
children at Kelso. Wash., on May 17, at
midnight confessed to the triple kill
ing, according-to Sheriff John Stringer.
The confession, according to Sheriff
Stringer, was made when Horner, after
stoutly maintaining bia Innocence after
severe cross-examination, broke
down when the pictures, of the bodies
as they were found in a tent near the
Pacific Highway were dramatically
thrust beore his eyes. .
"I did It! I did it!" be is alleged to
have declared brokenly.
"We were' sleeping in the tent when
she woke up in the middle of the night
and Insisted on my marrying her," he
said. "I refused,' and we got to quar
reling. I remember aeizing the rifle
and shooting all of them as they lay in
Horner, however, stoutly protested
that he did not kill Fred Bassett, hus
band of the murdered woman, four
years ago. Bassett, It is aaid, was killed
by a rifle bullet from behind, while he
and Horner were out hunting. Horner
tonight maintained that it was an acci
He likewise insisted that the mur
der of Mrs.- Bassett and her children,
Ada and Arsa, .was not premeditated.
A deed to Mra. Basett's ranch In Oka
nogan County, which adjoins that of
Horner, waw found in the latter's pos
session at the time of his arrest. The
deed named $4000 as the consideration
of the transfer. Horner told the Au
thorities tonight he had given her
"some money and a note."
Mob Violence Feared.
Horner told the Sheriff he and Mra.
Bassett and her children left Okanogan
County last September. And came- to
Snoqualmie Falls, Wash., . where they
remained until May 15, before atarting
on the trip that ended at Kelso. He is
said to have collapsed physically before
finishing his story.
Rumors that mobs were quietly or
ganizing in Cowlitz County, where Kel
so is located, have left the authorities
undecided as to whether they will re
turn Horner at this time to the scene of
the crime, it is said.-
SPOKANE, Wash!?- May 25. (Spe
cial.) A telephone message from a
Spokesman-Review correspondent at
Colvllle says William - Ray Horner,
wanted in connection with the murder
of Mrs. .Fred Bassett and two children
at Kelso, Wash., was arrested last
night by Sheriff Claire Ward s and
Deputy Sheriff Burden, of Okanogan
County, on the road betwen the Daily
ranch and Moses Meadows, In Okano
Horner had -with him a wagon load
of supplies. The officers found on Hor
ner the deed to the Bassett ranch.
Horner was heavily armed. He offered
no resistance when taken into custody.
Horner told the officers he had been
at Seattle and Portland during the last
Concluded on Page 3. Column 1.)
SINKS BIG U-CRUISER
GERMANS LOSE ONE OF THEIR
BIG SEW DIVER CRAFT.
Heavy Sea Prereuts Rescue or Teu
, ton Crew; Another Vmler-Sea
Ship, Disabled, Interned.
LONDON. May 23. A Germain sub
marine of the cruiser tjpe was sunk
May 11 in the latitude of Cape tit. Vin
cent by a British "Atlantic escort sub
marine. The Admiralty made this of
ficial announcement tonistht.
Cape St. Vincent Is on the southwest
extremity of Portugal.
The statement says:
"One of our Atlantic escort subma
rines returning to its base reports
that on May II In the latitude of Cape
tit. Vincent, while proceeding to meet
a convoy she sighted and sank a Ger-
man submarine of the scout cruiser
type. A heavy sea was running at the
time. .There were no survivors.
"Shortly afterward another enemy
submarine was sighted, but by swift
dlvitng she escaped the fate of her con
"This being the first cruiser Mbm
rlni destroyed, it has been decided to
'depart from the usual rule ot not an
nouncing the destruction of individual
MADRID. May 25 The German sub
marine U-65, which entered the port
of Pantander- yesterday morning, was
forced to come Into the harbor because
the accumulators of the vessel had
been damaged. The submarine is one
of the 600-ton class and carries one
deck gun and two torpedo tubes.
A Spanish gunboat has been sent to
Santander to convoy the submarine to
Ferrol for Internment. The crew of
the U-boat has been interned in tho
interior of the country.
PRINCE GUEST OF WILSON
First Cousin of Kins George Feted
by Administration Leaders. :
WASHINGTON, May 25. Prince Ar
thur of Connaught. first cousin of King
George of England, who Is on his way
to Japan on a special mission, was en
tertained at luncheon .today by Presi
dent Wilson. Later, with Lord Read
ing, the British Ambassador, the Prince
and members of his party called on
Vice-President Marshall at the Capi
The Senate had concluded the day's
business and adjourned before the vis
itors arrived, but the Prince was in
troduced to Majority Leaders Martin
and Kitchin and -other members of the
Senate and House.
YAKIMA MAYOR RELENTS
Tables in Public Cardrooms May Be
Used From 6 to 1 1 V. M.
YAKIMA, Wash.. May 26. (Special.)
After standing idle and dust covered
for the past two months, the card
tables in the public cardrooms of the
city were again In use last night.
Mayor F. H- Sweet ordered the rooms
closed as a war measure, announcing
that he did not believe the men should
play cards while laborers are needed.
The rooms now .may be opened be
tween the hours of 6 and 11 In the
evening, but not during the daytime.
The Mayor announced h. was . opening
the rooms in the evening at the re
quest of Individual members of the
County Council ot. Defense. . .
FAIR WEATHER PREDICTED
Pacific States to See Some Rain
This Week In Northern Section.
WASHINGTON. May 25. Weather
predictions for the week beginning Mon
day Issued by the Weather Bureau to
day are: Northern Rocky Mountain
and plateau regions, showers probably
early In week with high temperatures.
Generally fair thereafter "Vtth little
change in temperature.
Pacific states: Fair weather except
showers over north portion first half of
week with higher temperatures Monday
over Interior districts.
HALIFAX AT MERCY
OF B10T111G TROOPS
Veterans1 Arrest Caus
es Wild Outbreak.1
CITY HALL IS SET ON FIRE
Regiment From Garrison Ar
rives and Stops Disorder.
POLICE PROPERTY SUFFERS
Enraged Returned Soldiers'" Take
Patrol Wagon, Automobile and U '
Motorcycles and Smaf-h Them.
Other Damage Is Done.
HALIFAX. N. S May 25 The. wild
est riot in the history of this city oc
curred tonight when returned soldiers
attempted to rescue other soldiers who
had been arrested by the police.
The mob tried to wreck and burn the
city hall and the police headquarters,
cut the hose when the fire 'department
arrived, and forced the firemen to re
treat. Leaded Rifles Qacll Mob. ' ' -
The mob held sway until the garrison
regiment arrived with loaded rifles.
Hundreds of marines with loaded rifles
and fixed bayonets, landed) from war
ships, succeeded In dispersing the
crowds. - -
Several persons were injured. In
cluding three police, officers. The dam
age to the city hall will amount to sev
eral thousand dollars. "
' Bricks aad Boards t'aes.
The soldiers in stoFmlng the city hall
used bricks, boards and anything that
came to hand. ' Hundreds of panes of
glass in the lower floor were smashed.
Other groups tried to batter down the
doors behind which the police -with
loaded revolvers - stood guard over
Howling with rage the crowds theu.
set fire to the building. The fire de
partment responded but the mob turned
on them, cut the hose and attempted
to wreck the apparatus. Iq order to
save their equipment the firemen re-
Flames Finally ttMrarhrd.
While the attention of the mob was
thus diverted those inside the city hall
put out the flames.
The garrison . regiment, with rifles
loaded, surrounded - the .' beleaguered
building at the same time that hun
dreds of marines were landed from
warships. . i
Before being scattered, however, the
crowd took revenge 'on the police de
partment. Breaking into the patrol
house, they ran out the police patrol
wagon and automobile and wrecked
them. Two police motorcycles were
thrown Into the harbor. i . . -
ABERDEEN BUILDS TEMPLE
Prominent Business Men to "Wait
on Table" to -100 La borers.'
ABERDEEN, Wash- May 25. (Spe
cial.) Aberdeen's most prominent busi
ness men will wait upon the 400 work
ers who are to erect the city's proposed
liberty auditorium on Sunday. June' 2.
Heading the list of waiters is -W. ,J.
Patterson, manager of the Hayes &
Hayes bank. The two meals for. the
liberty hall builders are to be served
In the Graaa Harbor Motorship restau
rant, which will accommodate a0 men
to the meal.
The new liberty auditorium . will be
60 by 130 feet and will have a ceiling
height of 20 feet. It Is to be completed
without cost to the city and finished '
will have a value of -about 18000. -