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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages It o24
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING,, MARCH 31, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL XXXVII XO. IX
IS PROVING FUTILE
STRATKUY OF DRIVK APPEARS
TO HAVE FAILED.
AT 2 THIS A. M. IT
IS THREE O'CLOCK
INDEX OF TODAX- NEWS
t .v ..eather. ; -
TtSfT". Maximum temperature. 64
-r minimum. 4o degrees.
TC T"rf Sunday fair: gentle nortbBaterly
GRAND JURY REPORT
ALLIES DURING WAR
POKTkAXD AXD COtTXTRY GAIN
FCLL HOCR OP DAYLIGHT.
Baches Shift Weight of
Attatk Toward Sooth.
EIGHT VILLABES (MIRED
French Furiously Engaged in
Montdidier Region British
Line Holds on Grimly.
RAIN DRENCHES FIGHTERS
Germans Start to Dig In on
. Where Britons Repulse.
PARIS. March 30. Th battl on
tS Morruil-Lasaijcnr front continued
thr whole djr and extended along 60
kilometers. aj the War Office an
The German assaults, multiplied in
force, were inrrsaant. but French
counter attack everywhere stopped
LONDON'. March 30. The Ger
mans forced their way into the village
of Demuin today, but were held up at
the western outskirts of the villajre,
according to the statement issued by
the War Office tonijtht. which also
reports strong enemy attacks on the
line a short distance south of Arras.
The Germans also have raptured
the village of Aubvilters (five and
one-half miles northwest of Mont
didier), Crievnes. Catimy, Mesnil. St.
Oorjres. Le Monchel and Ayencourt,
the War Office announcement con
tinue. (All the villages named are
in th Mont.liJicr region, where the
French are fighting.)
Kaia Drenches Battlefield.
Heavy fighting is progressing to
the eastward of Ayencourt (two miles
south of Montdidier). The exact sit
uation is unknown. A heavy rain is
Besides gaining ground south and
southeast of Montdidier, the Germans
made some progress west of the Avre
(southeast cf Amiens).
The British lines hare been
strengthened rapidly on every quarter
along the front.
There is a roost
heartening display of determination
In the vicinity of Albert, the Ger
mans today were reported to be dig
ging themselves in along the line
from Thiepval to I-a Boiselle.
Battle Lulls Temporarily.
For a brief space, the tides of con
Tact have slackened before Albert,
but any moment they may set in
again. When the Germans have
brought forward their artillery and
overhauled their fighting machine the
struggle undoubtedly will be renewed,
perhaps with greater ferocity than
Veterday afternoon the Germans
achieved a small success south of the
Luce River, on the British right flank..
; j1-t on I'.d. a. 0lima 1
Frfott to flrrak Through and Sep
arate ttrlti'h and French Far
PT TV I LI. G. MACRAE.
(Staff rrrpoid-ti of The oon with
t h jlmtrKia for-, in r rinf.-
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMT I
KUANCK. March S tSpeclal Cable.)
Both Colonels and other officers have
been In war-school. The Colonels re
port that the commanding of f Were ttl
remain at the front for further ob
serration. The ColonrI view me
German drive from different points of
view. One Colonel saw three days of
the flchtlnr near Verdun and spent one
day In the Urlilsh front-line trenches.
The Huns drop tuOV shells and many
shrapnel dally, but despite t
hard hammertoe; the morale and cou-
raif of the allied soldi are on
broken All f-el confident that the
Germans' heavy losses wiu
hem to slacken the push all alone the
The allies now are satisfied that me
Huns' aim was to strike what iney
thouvht was the weakest point In their
adversaries' line, thus separating tne
French and British forces. This strate
rle conception eems to have utterly
f.it.H due ta the heroic French ana
An InvestlRstlon has been started by
soldiers to find why allotments havs
not been paid. Compulsory allotment
papers were all elfjned before the regl
ment sailed. Pitiful letters are re
ceived by every mall from dependent
wives and relatives asklna- why no al
lotment have been made. Relatives
say they appealed to the War Pepart
ment for aid and were Informed the
there waa no record of the allotments.
vet allotment money has been deducted
e.nn the aoldiers' par every monm
since November. 1917.
The aoldiers celebrate a double annl
versarr March IS. The regiment was
mustered In to fight the tiermans
rear ago. un mis oata j , , -
ira the econa I'rfRim iwt. -
portant part in the battle or jiaiaoon
SWISS CANNOT GET GRAIN
Milps Carrying Supplies.
WASHINOTON". March JO. Germany's
refusal to Brant safe conduct to ahlpa
carrying American grain to Swltier
land has virtually stopped Its move
ment. Although a large amount pf
cereals and many vessels for trans
porting It havs been placed at the dis
nonal of the Swiss government, the
ships are held In port through fear of
Swltserland does not produce enough
food to supply her population and is
largely dependent on oversess ship
FAITHFUL "OLD MACK" PET
New Juvenile Court noys Farm to
Get Horse Long In City's F.mploy.
-Old Mack." a faithful horse that has
worked In the city's streetrleaning de-
Jpsrtment for the past : years. Is to be
come a pet at in new juvenile nun
boys farm. City Commissioner Hlge
low recommended to the City Council
yeaterday that this horse and two
others to be used as a work team be
loaned to the farm.
-Old Mack" Is known as the oldest
horse In th city service.
PARIS AGAIN BOMBARDED
Long-Range (irrntan Cannon Con
PARIS. March 30. rarts was again
bombarded by the long distance Ger
man cannon thla morning.
There hare bean few casualties.
Eight dead, among whom are four
women, and 37 wounded. Including nine
women and seven children, were the
casualties resulting rroro the bombard
Strikes and Lockouts
to Be Barred.
MEDIATION BOARD PLANNED
Views of Employers, Men and
CODE OF POLICIES DRAFTED
Ex-President Taft, Mho Ha Taken
Part In Conference!, Expresses
Ills Gratification Over the
WASHINGTON". March 10 An agree
ment that there shall be no strikes or
lockouts during the war and a recom
mendation that all Industrial disputes
be settled by a Government mediation
body are the principal provisions of a
National war labor programme pro
jected by representatives of capital and
abor and made public tonlgrt by Sec
retary of Labor Wllon.
The programme was drawn up by six
representatives of capital, six of labor
and two men representing the public
after conferences lasting fur more than
a month. The public representatives
were ex-President Taft and Frank P.
The mediation body would be known
as the tlonal nsr Labor Board, to
be made up as was th board that pre
pared the programme.
Loral Boarda Provided For.
In addition there would be local
boards In the Industrial centers to deal
Immediately with any controversies
that might arise.
Principles and policies to govern the
relations of workers snd their employ
ers In war Industries were agreed to
There should be no strikes or lock
outs during th war.
"The right of workers to organise In
trad unions and to bargain collectively
through chosen representatives, is
recognised, and affirmed.
Kmplorera May Organise.
"Th right of employers to organise
in association of groups and to bargain
collectively through chosen representa
tives. Is recognised and affirmed.
Employer ahould not discharge
workers for membership In trade
unions, nor for legitimate trade union
"The workers, in th exercise of their
right to organise, shall not use coercive
measures to induce persons to join
their organisations, nor to Induce em
ployers to bargain or deal therewith.
"In establishments where the union
shop exists, the same shall continue and
the union stsndards as to wanes, hours
of labor and other conditions of em
ployment shall be maintained.
ljick of Grievance Mpeclned.
In establishments where union and
nonunion men and women now work
together and th employer meets only
with employes or represer.tatlves ' en
gaged In said establishments, the con
tinuance of such condition shall not be
deemed a grievance.
Establishment of safeguards and
regulations for the protection of the
health and safety of workers shall not
If It shall become necessary to em
ploy women on work ordinarily per
formed by men. they must be allowed
equal pay for equal work and must not
be allo'.fd taska disproportionate to
"The basic eight-hour law Is recog
nised as applying In all cases In which
existing law requires It. In all other
cases the question of hours of labor
shall be settled) with due regard to
(Concluded on I'ase 4. Column 1.1
SOME NEWS EVENTS OF THE WEEK AS PICTORIALLY INTERPRETED BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
Germans make fains In southern sector of
treat battue. Section 1. page 1.
Hum' haramerlnsT falls to break morals of
Hied forces. Section 1. pace L.
Verdun history may be repeated. Section 1,
Military Interest at Washington centers on
strursl Id Montevideo. Section 1. pace U.
POreitin troops In K ranee quick to learn war
same. Section 1. pave 7.
Penhlnir't offer of troops to Koch applauded
In various quarters. Section 1. pace 3.
Great buttle ners new and more vital crisis.
.Section 1. pace 4.
Amerlrans cauajht In German trap In Finnish
CstptuU. Section 1, page 4. i
Gerard makes public argument of Socialist
member of Reichstag, showing peace
leaven working. Section 1. pa go 5.
Food smuggling rife in Germany: money
buys abundance. Section 1, page 7.
Japan recognizes German menace in Far
Kumt as re itl and prepares to take action.
Section 1. page tf. -
Hundred and fifty wooden shins to be built
in Oregon yards for private Interests.
Section 1, page 1.
Capital and labor get together to eliminate
strikes and walkouts during war. Sec
tion I. page I.
Colonel Dlsqua on Army officer who cuts
sit red tape. Section 1. page L0.
Hoover aaaatled before Senate agricultural
committee as unfair to cattle interests. ,
Section 1, page 6.
Judge Will R. King gives out formal an
nouncement of candidacy for U. S. Sen
ate. Section t, page 9.
Clocks jump forward an hour as Nation
sleeps. Section I. pa go 8.
Woman exposes Gorman spy activities In
urtlM airplane work. Section 1. page 8.
Strong claims of victory made in Davies and
.unroot camps in Wisconsin. Section 1
Portland hallnlayers to leave for Pendleton
luestiay. Section 2. page .
Stnmpf. awarded to Oakland on condition he
oe soia to rittsburg. is drafted. Section
AH Western athletes to be Invited to big
muoor irarK meet, section page
Camp Lewis has many baseball teams. Sec
tion 2, page '2.
Portlsnd Mo tor boat Club planning for re
gatta, section page 3.
Deciding game of B'nal B'rfth-South Park
way series 1-riday. Section 2. page 3.
Ingle to box Bronson here April UK Section
at. page a. -
M. L. Kline bowling team reports successful
trip in south, section 2. page 3.
Membership drive of Portland Golf Club
meeting Kith success. Section 2, page 4.
Rain hinders work of University of Oregon
nine, lection page 4.
Charley Valentine wins praise as trainer of
racing pacers. Section 2, page 4.
Sunday baseball league to be organized at
Multnomah C lub soon. Section 'J. page 4,
Idaho state's attorneys declare they will
prove I. W. W. criminal organisation.
Section 1, page 11.
Sedition doomed In Idaho, says Governor.
Section 1, page 10.
Judg Macintosh named for Supreme bench.
4'iay Allen to fill his place. Section 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Embargo on barley shipments from Califor
nia to Northwest removed. Section 1,
Grain ssles in Chicago hesvy. owing to mili
tary uncertainties. Section 1. page 23.
Rail storks score substantial gains in Wall
street. Section 1, pae 23.
PoniaTid stockyard receipts increase in
March. Section 1. page 2;;.
Sawyers offer to work 1 2-hour day on
straight time. Section 2, page It.
Girl applies for employment In shipyard.
Section 2. page 1.
Big ship built for French government suc
cessfully launched. Section 1. page IS.
Local shipbuilding company posts $10,000
wager. Section 2, page Iu.
Thirty-one new vessels now In water prod
uct of Wl I la met to and Columbia yards.
Section 2. page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Grand jury report exonerates Mayor Baker.
Section 1. page 1.
Portland and country today gain one full
hour of daylight. Section 1, page 1.
Portland theater audiences will sing way
to liberty. Section 1. page 1.
Sharp advance In cost of Slab wood Is re
ported. Section 1. page 11.
Two-day entertainment to help Oregon boys
In service. Section 1. page 15.
Regular Spring run of smelt starts In Sandy
Klver. Section 1. page 21.
Master Barbers talk of raising prices. Sec
tion 1. page 20.
Big pageant next Saturday will formally
open third liberty loan drive. Section
1. page 1H.
Women of Oregon meet In conference on
Liberty loan work. Section 1. page 20.
More than 400 automobile accidents reported
In March. Section 1. page 14.
Charles A. Johns announces candidacy for
supreme Judgeship. Section 1. page 17.
Toung Portland Corporal Is "farming sec
tion of Inferno In France. Section 1.
Oregon eager to start liberty loan drive.
Section 1. page 16.
Portland T. M. C A. to celebrate 50th an
niversary. Section 1. page 15.
Walter M. Pierce, of Eastern Oregon, an
nounces candidacy for Governor. Section
1. page 22.
Weather report, data and foreeaae. Section t
2. page 5. i
Expenses of Campaign
Not Kept Secret.
ENEMIES ARE CENSURED
Auto Dealers' Banquet Scan-
dal Fully Investigated.
WOMAN DANCER INDICTED
Courthouse Feud at Kud Xew Hos
pital Declared Imperative and
Rock pile for Labor Slackers
Is Strongly Vrged.
GRAND JIRY FINDINGS AXD
Mayor Baker completely ab
solved of any wrongdoing or de
celt In connection with his cam
paign expenses and finding; made
that charges started fron polit
ical bias on the part of persons
with imaginary grievances.
Multnomah Hotel management
and Oregon Automobile Associa?
,tion exonerated from all blame
for Auto Show "Jinks."
Pay of policemen should be in
creased at once to minimum of
1100 and maximum of 1125.
Multnomah County should con
struct modern hospital immedi
ately. City Commission should enact
ordinance compelling every able
bodied male person between ages
of 16 and 50 to work during
duration of war.
Courthouse engine-room feud
stopped when engineer (Clark
Ryel) is discharged; harmony
Public rockpile should be re
Automobile thieves, should be
given severe sentences.
Workhouse for biys should be
More restrictive measures
should be adopted at once gov
erning sale of bay rum, Jamaica
ginger and other drugs with high
percentage of alcohol. Drug stores
should be prohibited from selling
such drugs except under most re
Every phase of public life received
attention in the findings and recom
mendations submitted yesterday to
Presiding Judge Morrow by the March
grand Jury in its final report for the
Of chief interest was the complete
exoneration of Mayor George L. Baker
from any attempt at deceit regarding
his campaign expenses. The grand
Jury takes occasion, to direct strong
censure at those who have made these
'The Jury is persuaded that these
comments are made from political bias
and largely by those opposed to Mr.
Baker's election,' reads the report. "It
has been instigated by persons with
imaginary grievances and those want
ing to embarrass the city administra
tion." These charges against Mayor Baker,
the jury states, were made by means
of anonymous communications.
Secret Attaches Condemned.
"The grand Jury wishes to express
Its respects to any person sending a
communication to this or any other
body and unwilling to attach hia or
(Continued on Page 8. Column 1.)
AH Activities Throughout America
Are Running on Xew Sched
ule in Kffect Today.
At 2 o'clock this morning, about the
time the first rooster crowed sleepily,
Portland gained an hour of daylight
with the adoption of the daylight sav
ing plan. Tou rose at 7 o'clock, let us
say, according to the old order of
things, but it was S o'clock by the new.
, If you turned your watch and clock
one hour ahead last night, all will go
well today. If you did not, occasion to
regret it will arise. For all activity,
throughout the length and breadth of
America, is running on 'the new sched
ule today. Churches, theaters and trains
are conducted according to the daylight
In nearly all Portland business
houses the clocks were turned one hour
ahead at the close of business last
ARMENIANS FACE DEATH
Turks and Tartars Combine to Ex
terminate Entire Race.
BOSTON, March 30. The wholo Ar
menian race is in peril of extinction
through the threatened combination of
hostile Turks and Tartars In the Cau
casus, according to a cablegram re
ceived today by the American board of
commissioners for foreign missions.
The message forwarded through the
State Department was from Rev. Ern
est A. Tarrow, of the board's staff, who
has been at the head of the large com
mittee of American relief workers in
and around Erivan, Russia.
U. S. GIVES SHAVING KIT
Military Cost Increased by Several
Million Dollars Yearly.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Clean
shaven faces in the Army . will add
several million of dollars to the annual
cost of the military establishment. Of
ficial announcement was made at the
War Department today that one razor,
one steel mirror and one shaving brush
will be issued gratuitously hereafter
to every enlisted man ordered to
Army regulations require that sol
diers keep themselves closely shaved,
but the wearing of moustaches is not
G. S. KYLEJWAY BE FREED
Chinese Kidnapers Surrounded and
Portland Man Is Y'et Uninjured.
' OREGOXIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, March 30. The State Depart
ment today advised Senator McXary
that a cablegram from the American
Minister to China states Chinese band
its who kidnaped George S. Kyle, an
engineer, of Portland, have been sur
rounded by Chinese troops and Mr.
Kyle's release is expected soon.
The dispatch adds that Mr. Kyle is
GERMAN LANGUAGE IS SAFE
Bill Prohibiting Hun Course in
Schools Vetoed by Governor.
FRANKFURT, Ky., March 30. Gov
ernor A. O. Stanley today vetoed g. bill
passed by both houses of the general
assembly in biennial session recently,
prohibiting German language courses
in the public schools of Kentucky.
The measure was opposed by the
Louisville Board of Education.
BRITISH DESTROYER SUNK
One Officer and 40 Men Perish
When Craft Strikes Mine.
LONDON, March 30. A British de
stroyer struck a mine Wednesday and
sank, it is officially announced.
One officer and 40 men were lost.
Private Interests Back of
HURLEY GRANTS AUTHORITY
Huge Outlay Is Involved Cost
of Each Vessel Between
$350,000 and $400,000.
PROJECT BACKED IN EAST
Duponts May Help Finance
Fleet to Ply in Trade of
Coast and Orient.
WASHINGTON, March 30. A new
shipbuilding- programme for private.
interests was approved today by the
Shipping Board, as a further offset
to the drive against allied tonnage
which is being made by German sub
marines. Chairman Hurley announced that
the request of the Atlantic and Pa
cific Shipbuilding Company for per
mission to place contracts with ship
yards in Oregon for 150 motor-driven
wooden ships of 3000 tons each has
been granted under certain conditions.
Shipping Board Pleased.
Since the new contracts will not in
terfere with the Government nro-
gramme either in timbers or machin
ery, officials of the board were frank
ly enthusiastic over the idea.
"We want Jto eneouraa-e American
ship owners to put their money into
building more ships," Mr. Hurley de
clared. "If all owners would follow
the idea the American flag would soon
get back on the seas."
Steel Plate Shortage Felt.
The Government building pro
gramme for March surpassed the goal
set in launching by 12,000 tons, the
Shipping Board announced today, but
fell short in deliveries, because of
shortage of steel plates.
Thirty hulls of 232,786 tons were
put into the water and 20 vessels of
162,200 tons were completed.
Growth of the submarine toll has
spurred officials to greater efforts to
hasten the building of ships. The
four official announcements issued in
London this month contained the rec
ords of 81 British ships sunk, of which
54 were of more than 1600 tons each.
Sinking Increases 20 Per Cent.
In February the loss of 67 British
ships, of which 49 were more than
1600 tons each, was recorded. The
total increase was 14 ships or 20 per
The proposal of the Atlantic &
Pacific Company to build the fleet
of motor ships was presented, to the
Shipping Board by Senator McNary,
of Oregon. Eastern capitalists were
said to be financing the scheme. Their
identity could not be confirmed offi- x
cially, but the Du Ponts were said to
be among those interested. Each ship
(Concluded on Page 22. Column 1.)