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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
- THE SUNDAY OREGO NI AX, PORTLAND, JANUARY 27, 1918.
PEOPLE OF SWEDEN
FEAR F000 FAMINE s
Axel Rahm Declares Neutral
Countries Are Suffering
Because of War.
sued a w amine that the military lead
ra of the Imperial a-ovrranivnt would
b deposed It they did not brine about
peara with her.
He Instated that there waa around
a-enrral prare on the basis of
programme laid down by resident
on. on 11 polnta or wntrn an
(rtrmrnt waa easily possible, lie was
aa uncomprlslnc aa Chancellor von
Hrrtilng. however, as regards Alsace
Lorraine, declaring- this territory must
con io no
PRICES REACH TOP NOTCH
Rcheldemsnn'a word oomprisa per
haps the most radical utterance that
has yet come from tha majority of
moderate Socialists In tha .Reichstag,
Forelsjn press comment on tha apeeca
of Chancellor Ton Hertllns;. however,
points out that there Is aa yet no sign
of acknowledgment on the part of the
Gcrmui aovernment of any responsl
blllty to parliament and that to all
appearances the military party ia still
in full control.'
m I Secretary of State, Now Can
didate for Governorship,
NO CAMPAIGN IS PLANNED
I'ormcr Hood River Man Sajs Fa-
tare of Scandinavian Countries
Depends to fircat Extent
Action of Vnltcd States.
Tha Bolshevikl report an organiza
tion of Cossacks from the front Into
a congress which has declared war on
General Kaledinea. driven him and bla
staff from their headouarters and an
nounces Ha purpose or hunting mm
Present Duties Held to Require Un
divided Attention Thorough
gulns Business Administration
Is Pledge of Candidate.
HOOD RIVER. Or, Jan. It (Spa
claL) Robert Rand, pioneer of this
vicinty. has received from his aon-ln
law. Al Rahm. of Ilelslngborg,
Sweden, for many years a resident of
this city, a letter giving some Inter
estlng facta regarding tha economic
conditions In that country. Mr. Rahm
aars la part:
"And what will Chrlatmaa bring?
Will tha Almighty decide that the pow
ers of hell have played their bloody
game long enough, or will tha 1m
perlal scourge of the world be allowed
continue bia work? For my part.
I can sea no glimpse of approaching
peace, not a ray of hope that Indicates
aa early cessation or carnage -ana
rapine. Only a few days ago Prus
sian raiders destroyed IS Scandinavian
boats In the North Sea. Tbe sailors
tried to get out the lifeboats, but moat
f them were killed, the Teutons fir
Ins on the men aa they endeavored to
row away from their sinking ships.
I previously warned the United
Ftatea against the Prussian spies. We
who have tha misfortune to live In the
northern countries during these times
know well the sneaking waya of the
tieroiao military, with bomba and dy
namlte and death-dealing germa Tha
Scandinavian countries are full of that
murderous breed tha Prussian spy,
Ceisaaa) "pies Xaaseraaa.
"A few of them have been raptured
and Imprisoned: others ejected from
tha country. But many still remain
lander the mask of one pretence or an
other. Were the Scandinavian coun
tries strong enough, war against the
Teutona would have been declared long
-There are many difficulties encoun
tered in Scandinavia. Food of all de
acriptiona Is scarce and tha prices
high, although the governments are
doing their best to regulate the latter.
Wheat and rye flour cost more than
a cents a pound (the government pays
the difference In tha Import price and
the selling price), and no person can
purchase more than seven ounces
day. Kacon sella for 42 centa a pound
smoked bam. SA cents; good beef. 2i and
cents; butter. 67 rents; eggs. 79 centa
per dosen: milk. Us centa per quart:
ugar cents a pound: beans. 19 centa
potatoes, tt a hundred pounds, and
German coal. I2S per ton. Prime beach
wood ia ti3 per cord. Coffee la given
out every six weeks or so by tha gov
ernment a Quarter-pound to each
"Tha Scandinavian people have one
advantage over people living where no
fish ia to be had. We buy the best
kind of codfish at 11 cents a pound,
and fresh herring for IS" and 2t cents.'
Fassla la Predicted.
Tf the war contlnuea a year or two
longer and the United Btatea refuses
to sell the most necessary articles
needed by the people here, tha Scandi
navian nattona will face dm tress and
actual famine. Sweden's grain crops
this year were considerably below the
average In quantity, but. fortunately,
tha root crops are good. Our bread
allowance la not quite nine ouncea a
day. Tha quantity of potatoes I con
sume every day ia almost unbelievable,
aa there la no restriction on this
product. The heavy potato diet en
ables to economise on our aoft bread
rations, and thua we save axnumber
f bread coupons each week. With
these coupons ws buy dried or bard
bread which la stored away for the
future. Sometimes we buy oat or rye
meal for tbe aame purpoae. Our butter
allowance ia about three ounces a week,
but by using hot knives when spread
ing the butter on our bread thla small
quantity goea a long way. Our bean
ration la aupposed to be only 1.2 pounds
tn three months. All the sugar wa can
get la 2.3 pounds a month for ail pur
rssemsries Party OmIi a.
"Tha political election hero thla Fall
waa what Americana call a landslld
The Conservative party, which haa been
In power for the past three years, and
which Is pro-German (although there
are many exceptions) was ousted by
ota of 1 to 1. The Klnc accepted the
verdict of the people with good grace
and called the Liberala and Socialists
to form the Ministry. All of the new
Ministers are not only pro-English, but
some of them sre sntl-Germsn. The
result of tha election Is a direct conse
quence of the Argentine muddle. In
which the previous Minister of Foreign
Affairs played the part of a fooL
"Although the man ia known to
avmpathixe with the Germans, there la
no one In Sweden who believes be knew
anything about the contenta of those
perfidious telegrams which Uoxburg
sent out from Huenos Aires. The bun
g!lrg Job of the Foreign Office, to
ether with other acta of the dismissed
Ministry, not considered by the Swedish
people aa fair to the Western powers,
waa the main trump In the bands of
the Radlcale In the election.
rivtltoeel Life In periled.
"Tn ray corespondence to the fnlted
States three yeara ago 1 pointed out
that America would sooner or later be
drawn Into the. war. May the curse of
heaven and bell fall upon the Prue
sians woo. tor tneir own seirisn pur
poses and aggrandisement have thrown
the whole world Into a conflagration,
the ultimate consequences of which
e-em tn be tha deetructioa of all clvl-
"One ran Imagine that the solemni
sation or Chrlatmaa. with aonga and
pralso and hallelujahs to him who sent
Ms only begotten son to redeem a sin
ful humanity from the powers of satan.
under circumstances, the like of which
the world haa never seen, would make
a roaring success If played on a stage
tn a variety theater In deepest hell,
lor my part I regard It as a horrible
parody on all that ought to be religious
In the military aituation there have
been no developmenta of note. Artil
lery duels at Isolated points, occasional
raids and plentiful airplane recon-
Dolterlng are reported.
MINERS SEEK NEW UW :
FEDERATION OF LABOR WILL BE
ASKED TO lir.LP.
Repetition af Cenrt Ieetsloa Kajelalag
Membership Sollrltatlea Will
INDIANA POMS. InL Jan. St. The
Lnited Mine Workers of America at
the final session of their beinnUl con
vention today decided to Invoke the
pints nee of the American Federation of
Labor to secure Congressional leglsln
lion to prevent court procedures such
aa resulted In the decision of the L'nited
tales Supreme Court In the llitchman
Coal Company of West Virginia case.
The court In that case sustained the
injunction granted by a lower court
which prevents mine workers' officers
from soliciting the employes of the
Hltchman Company to Join the union.
In the case of the Coronado Coal
Company, of Arkansas, and others, who
on a verdict of louu.000 against thi
United Mine Workers as damages un
der the anti-trust laws for alleged con.
sptracy to prevent the mining of non
union coaL the union decided to take
an appeal to the Federal Court of Ap
peal. To do this the union baa to
raise 9v.ai0 as a bond.
As tha International union has vir
tually no funds, tha various districts
made up the funds.
It waa decided to purchase liberty
bonds with thla money and turn them
over aa collateral to the bonding com
pany that signs the appeal bond.
The convention decided to meet in
Cleveland. 0 In September. 11. for
Its next biennial convention.
SALEM. Or.. Jan. 2. (Special.)
Secretary of State Olcott today, in Is
suing the formal announcement of his
candidacy for the Republican nomina-
lon for tha Governorship, broke his
phinx-llke alienee as to what dlspo
aition ha will make of his office of
Secretary of State providing he gains
the election as Governor. In his an
nouncement Mr. Olcott says that, if he
Is elected Governor, be will resign his
office following his flection, thus al
lowing the present Governor to appoint
Four alternatives were open to him.
either to resign before the primaries.
I 'r9 t:'
t )7 I
Secretary of State Ben W. O I cert.
W ho Aaaouaces That. If Elect
ed Governor. lie Will Kot Ap
BATTLES WAGED IN SKY
that the matter Is one for time to de
Time Calls for Economy
In his platform Mr. Olcott says:
I shall be a candidate for tbe Republican
nomination for Governor at the primary
lection to oe beta Friday, May 17.
It I am elected Governor 1 shall resign
the office of Secretary of Btate and thus
permit the present Governor to appoint my
Tbls la a time when patriotism calls for
the greatest economy and efficiency In the
conduct of state affairs. There U urgent
need for the application of business prin
ciples to state business, from the highest
office to the lowest, so those who pay
taxes may gmt full valoe for the sums they
sre contributing to maintain the state gov
ernment. To accomplish this will be the exempli
fication of practical 'patriotism, and will
meet in state government that which ia
being urged so strongly upon each citizen
of the Nation, namely, conservation of all
our resources, so our full strength may be
ued in carrying to a successful conclusion
the war In which we are now engaged. No
deed should be left undone that will aid
In winning the war. No sacrifice is too
great for those who remain at home.
People Are Folly Awake.
In every political campaign the cry for
economy and efficiency haa been raised, and
1 believe the mood of the citizens of tbls
state Is now such thst they are going to
see that waste and extravagance are elimi
nated. They are going to insist on busi
ness principles being applied to the pub
lic business, from the top down.
It la in this connection that I feel I can
give the greatest service to the state as its
chief executive. As Secretary of State I
have made business efficiency my first con
stderatlon and have achieved results which
1 gladly submit to the voters as the basis
for my aspiration to serve the state in
There Is do reason why every department
of the state government should not be con
ducted on absolutely efficient lines, and if
I am elected dovaraor 1 shall make It my
business to Inject buslneaa economy and
business efficiency Into the many depart
ments and commissions which come under
the direction of the chief executive. I will
hold my appointees to aa high a degree of
efficiency In the public service as Is exacted
from men in the employ of the best-managed
private businesses. Whan I make an ap
pointment, that person's whole time must
be devoted to the datles of hi office. I
hall be controlled by no one and will be
guided solely by business principles and
State People's Corporation.
The state Is similar to a large business
corporation. It Is the people's corporation.
A private corporation, unless backed by un
limited resources like the state, would not
long survive if It did not have at Its bead
man who fully devoted his-time and capa
bilities In' applying business Judgment and
business economy to Ha affairs. Neither can
the state's business run of Itself and keep
within the bounds of economy and on a plane
of efficiency. As Oovemor I would expect
to be the business heatt of the great cor
poration of the people and would apply my j
energies to make a success or the DUPinewt.
Because all state business flows through
the office of the Secretary of State, no office
affords such - Intimate knowledge of state
affairs as does It. This office 1 have held
for the last seven yeara .The knowledge and
experience thus gained wilt be of immense
value to a chief executive. Added to this
Is my familiarity with state institutions and
activities gamed as a member of the Board
The people of Oregon have emphatically
voiced their sentiment in favor of prohibi
tion, and if I am elected Governor ! shall
consider it my duty to use the power of that
office to see that the laws are enforced.
And If. while I am Governor, the "dry"
amendment to the Federal Constitution, pro
vldlng for National prohibition, is stibmltte
to the states for ratification, I shall give it
mv Indorsement and untt- its s needy approve
by the Oregon Legislature. Likewise, should
the National woman's suffrage amendmen
pas Congress, as tt now appears it will,
shall give It similar Indorsement.
As the proper performance of my duties
as Secretary of State requires my undivided
personal attention, I shall spend no tim
campaigning over the state. The people
the state are paying me a salary to iook
after their business, and I cannot properly do
thia when away from the office.
Here's Clothes Advice From a Banker
A Governor of a Federal Reserve Bank
recently said: ' "A suit of clothes should do
the work of two suits now." Which means
that quality in clothes is more important
than ever. And quality is the watchword
here; always has been.
clothes at this store; they're all wool, skillfully
tailored. One. of such suits will do the work of
two others; and you can't surpass them for style.
The price is the most economical
$20 and Up
NEW ARRIVALS IN SPRING HATS
"Our Multnomah" at $3
New shapes, new colorings, unequaled in value.
The Men's Store for
Quality and Service
Fifth and Alder
Copyright Hart Schaffner & Marx
of soldiers, as well
where the stork Is
as In those cases
BRITISH BRING DOWN SIXTEEN
G EH MAX AIRPLA.HES.
Progre of thm War.
Peace advocates are again Insistent
In tbo central empires, hart upon tbe
Orrntn Chancellor's new declaration
f Germany's warlike purpose. A re
port Is current thai the RoUhevtkl
have decided to continue tha Brest
LJtovsk peace nea-otlatlona, aad an
other, quite unverified, that Austria Is
prepared to make a separata peace
In Germany Fhlllpp ?-heldemann,
the Socialist leader. In his remarks
foliowtnc Chancellor Ton Hertllna-'s
speech, pleaded for peace before
Regarding .Russia, Scheldemana i-
Taaa af Explosives Dropped Varieaa
Enesar Object I Tee I Adaatraltr Ala
LONDOX. Jan. t. There waa great
aerial activity on the British, front in
France yesterday and last night, ac
cording; to the report from Field Mar
ha! Main's headquarters- tooinht. The
British airmen accounted for 1 hostUe
airplanes, and themselves lost orUy one
machine, which is reported missing:.
In addition. British bombing planea
dropped eight tons of explosives on
various enemy objectives.
The Admiralty announces that naval
aircraft bombed a German airdrome at
Varmenare on Friday, making direct
hits. All the machines returned.
In patrol fighting on Wednesday, the
Admiralty announcement says further,
two enemy aircraft were destroyed and
two were shot down out of control.
One British machine ia missing.
The statement aaya that more than
200 bombs were dropped on the Cour
trai. Ledegnem and Doui railway sta
tions, the airdrome near Courtral and
on German billets west of CambraL
PARIS. Jan. SC. A German raid made
on the f renrh positions west of St.
Hnh.ln Ka.wa It.. 1 1 1 1 tn.ti.
I Rivers, failed last night, according to
the official statement issued today by
tha French War Office.
WOMEN'S WORK EFFECTIVE
Much Accomplished by Societies in
All Part of State.
tean Elizabeth Fox. of tbe Univer
sity of Oregon, and Mrs. Annie Little
Barry. National secretary of the T. W.
C. A-. have been in Forest Grove. Ic
Mlnnvllle. Astoria. Hood River and
Pendleton, delivering addresses on the
work of the National War Council of
the T. v.. C A. and the Woman's Na
tional Defense Society.
Mrs. Charles Caatner, of Hood River,
president of the State Federation Of
omen's Clubs, met them at Hood
River and went to several places with
them. They have been enthusiastically
greeted wherever they have talked and
the women of the various towns are
taking great interest In the work being
after the primaries, or after tbe gen
his Job as Secretary of State until go- RAILROAD
ing into ornce. and tnus appointing nis
The alternative be has chosen means
that in the event of his election, some
time following the general election in
November, he will resign the office of
Secretary of State. This would permit
Governor Wlthycombe to appoint a
Secretary of State, who would serve
until January 1. 1921. His successor
would be elected at tha general elec
tion jn 1920.
e Casapalga Planned.
Mr. Olcott. in announcing the plat
form upon which he will stand In run
ning for tbe Governorship, says be will
make no campaign throughout the
state, but will remain in his office. He
declares in favor of conducting the of
fice of Governor, if elected, on sound
business principles, and also declares
that be will move to secure a legisla
tive endorsement of the National pro
hibition and suffrage amendments, pro
viding they come before the Oregon
Legislature during his term of office.
The question of what Secretary Ol
cott would do with the office of Secre
tary of State has been a live one ever
since it became definitely known first
through the Oregonian several days
ago that he' would become a candidate
Many guesses have been made about
the capitol as to what course he would
pursue, but he has persistenly kept his
plans to himself until formally making
the announcement of bla candidacy to
Several Masses Suggested.
The choice that he selected presup
poaes his election before he resigns
the office, and, consequently. In event
any other candidate, either Republican
or Democrat, should be elected, he will
remain in the otxice of Secretary of
State until the expiration of bis pres
ent term, January 1. 1921.
Numerous surmises -have been made
as to the possible choice of a successor
for Secretary Olcott. providing he
should be fortunate enough to gain the
election, among the namea mentioned
being E. E- Brodle. editor of the Oregon
City Enterprise, and Ned Baldwin, sec
retary to Representative Stnnott. The
namea of Insurance Commissioner
Wells ' and Corporation Commissioner
Schulderman also have been suggested,
but Mr. Wells has denied being a can
didate and Mr. Schulderman has been
noncommittal on the subject, stating
ZONES ARE 26
J. H. O'Neill Is Chairman of Dls
trlct Which Includes Portland.
That the railroads may be promptly
Informed on freight embargoes on va
rlous lines and so properly advise
shippers, the railroads of the united
States and Canada have been divided
Into 26 sones, each with a chairman.
J. H. O'Neill, general superintendent
of the Great Northern, Is chairman of
the zone tn which Portland is Included.
Whenever any line hereafter issues an
embargo It will send a notification of
the same to each of the 26 chairmen.
who in turn will notify all the roads
In their territory.
Notice to this effect has been re
celved by the local representatives of
the different railroad systems from tne
commission on car service at Wash
ington. The embargo situation, be
cause of the abnormal traffic condi
tions resulting from war activity, is
changing so rapidly that this central!
satlon became Imperative In order that
a shipper might know promptly what
freight routes are open for bis ship
NEW CHAIRMAN ELECTED
Amedee Smith to Head Red Cross
Amedee M. Smith, general manager
of the Portland chapter of the Amer
ican Red Cross, was elected chairman
of the executive committee at a spe
cial meeting Friday evening, to suc
ceed Robert H. Strong, who retired
from the chairmanship to succeed E. B.
MacNaughton as chairman of the civ
ilian relief committee. Mr. MacNaugh
ton resigned to give his time to the
war savings stamp campaign.
The civilian relief committee is one
of tbe most Important parts of the
home work of the Red Cross. Through
that committee dependents are cared
for. and loans made pending the re
ceipt of Government allowances. Care
ful watch is kept that families do not
want, and an indication of this watch
fulness Is the record kept of the little
xtrangers who have come to the homes
CHANGE EXPECTED TO AID
Spokane Office to Paj More Aticn
tlon to Farm Loan Applicants.
M. Woolsey was the sole recipient of
the estate. It had been transferred to
to Mis. Shattuck's death, it
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Jan. 26. (Special.) Represen
tative Hawley recently called the at
tentlon of the Federal Farm Loan Bu
reau to complaints he had received
from constitutens In Western Oregon
that the Spokane Federal Land Bank
failed to take prompt action on their
applications for farm loans. Mr. Haw
ley asked that such action be taken as
would expedite the deferred applica
He has Just been advised by the Fed
eral Farm Loan Bureau that the presi
dent of the Spokane Federal Land Bank
reports that another appraiser has been
sent Into Western Oregon to take care
of the aiew business that has accumu
lated since the original applications in
that locality were closed. It Is now un
derstood that all applications will be
disposed of at an early date.
Big Estate Escapes Tax.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 26. Between
S75.000 and $100,000 in taxes waa lost
to the state of California today, when
the State Supreme Court decided that
the estate of the late Mrs. Rosa M.
Shattuck, of Oakland, which was valued
at more than Jl.000,000, was not sub
ject to an inheritance tax. Mrs. Rosa
frrf cheapest place in town Vjl.
Cozy Dairy Lunch
323 Washington, Near Sixth
Special Hot Meat Sand
wiches all night. 10c
and 15c Rich home
made and French
Delirious Coffee 5c
- Excellent CbJckea
MORE MAGAZINES NEEDED
Collecting Committee Aoks for Late
Periodicals for Soldiers.
The committee on the collection of
magazines for the soldiers can use
many more late ones. Thousands are
sent each week to the Loyal Legion
workers In tne spruce logging camps,
as well as to all the Army posts and
to the cantonments in thla section.
Subscriptions to the daily newspapers
as well as other publications are need
ed at some of the Army ramps and the
committee hopes they will be supplied
with a numocr.
The committee hope that persons
having even one or more late maga
zines will leave them at the checkroom
at the Central Public Library, as such
contributions in the aggregate help
Supposed Delinquent In France.
Exemption board No. t yesterday
checked from Its list of supposed de
linquents the name of J. S. Todd. Mr.
Todd, the board reports, bas enlisted
the 147th Field Artillery and is now
n France with this contigenu
Hirks Defeat Kyan.
Marve Hicks defeated J. Ryan. 30 to
2 points. In tbe fourth game of the
City Three Cuehlon Billiard Champion-
hip at the Waldorf Billiard Parlors.
ast night. Hicks ran the 30 points In
Innlna with a high run of . Ryan's
high run waa 3.
We Are Selling Fine Shoes for Less!
Owing to changed manufacturing conditions we are forced
to discontinue some of the shoe styles which we usually carry
We are now offering at reduced prices our present assort
ments of the following styles, which we are obliged to dis
continue. . These are all strictly first-class shoes; when you
see -them you will appreciate their quality and the sacrifice
we are making.
MEN'S SHOES BARGAINS ALL
Hanan's Tan Russia Calf Shoes, Blucher or CO
Boyden'a Brown Cordovan and Tan Russia Calf Shoes,
Blucher or lace; overweight
Men's Brown Calf Shoes,
lace; N'eolin welt soles and
English toes, now gg gpj
WOMEN'S SHOES ATTRACTIVELY REDUCED
Hanan's Patent Calf Shoes, button, cravenetted tops, all sizes, $7.95.
Hanan's Domino Calf Shoes, button, gray buck cloth tops, $9.95.
Laird, Schober & Co.'s Domino Calf and Cocoa Brown Russia Calf
Shoes, lace; genuine buck tops in sand, ivory and gray; welt soles,
military heels, $9.95.
We Are Sacrificing Many Other Styles in Men's and Women's Shoes
129 Tenth St., bet Washington and Alder
Try to Get In
.- v if & . . i
ill Jiiif Jfe
IT $T - You Can ;iY; ;
li I H Carrv" iR : A
A ihi A '::
sss iTflirtsiwnrr fciiiiiyiTftMr)flifi"r--''",A''
"Rimrock Jones" is a companion play of "Nan of Music
Mountain," with a brand new and fascinating plot. It
carries contrast from New York fashionable hotels to the
wooliest and wildest West.
"HIS PUNCTURED REPUTATION"
10 ON YOUR 10
We are not in the laundry combine and we do not charge you
10 extra on your laundry bill.
QUALITY WORK SPEEDY SERVICE RIGHT PRICES
This alone should appeal to-the discriminating housewife
The Pacific Laundry Co.
TBE AXTI-TRtTST LAO DRV