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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 27, 1918)
TIIE SUXDAT OREGOXTAX. PORTLAND, JANUARY 27, 1018.
Y. M. CA IS ACTIVE
GOVERNMENT PREPARES TO MAKE MONSTER
INVENTORY OF ALL RESOURCES OF NATION
By January 31 "Uncle Sam" Will Be in a Position to Know What Food Stocks He Has on Hand to Last Orel
Until Next Season's Crops Come In Mqye Declared Emergency War Measure.
Men of Draft Age Are Given
Special Physical Training
by Local Association.
HOMEWORK IS STIMULATED I
Anual Report Shows Tliat Portland
-i.oclation Has Furnished -IIui
drrus of Men for Service.,
in IXircrrnt Branches.
A FortlanJ T. JL C. A. stripped for
r ! graphically pictured In the an
nual report of the association, which
has Just bcn Issued.
The fort land Y. M. C. A. enlisted the
day war waa declared and will be found
In front-line eervtce until the war ia
rer," the report declare.
A multitude or war activities are
Hated, not only In the field of service
especially committed to Ute Y. M- C.
A. at home and In the field, but In
aid of nearly every other patriotic
The entire resource of the assocla
tlon have become a real part of the re-
crultinir. conservlna and fighting force
cf the .Nation.
An Itemised statement of pledges
and collections of the Portland division
of the recent National T.JLCA. war
work campaign for f jS.000,000 contains
tbe follow Ins figures:
Teral laavnl ef ftdff-e ...fC?4.SI3 T4
Amtint cash daring
Amount cah paid
. . 71. 1 .W
.. :.:40 7
Amnnt f be r;Tetd ...
to War Work Council
furrm rapfis deficit ....
Caau s-u Ass.4
That the aaaoclatlon haa reorganised
Its work to meet the war needs of men
of draft are. men over draft ace and
boya from IS to :o. la explained by the
.Me a rrepa red far 5rvle
Men of draft ace have been given
special physical Iralnisg to prepare
Item to meet Army requirements. They
have been provided with radio training
free of charge, "w hen war was de
clared SOS members of the Portland
association enlisted," the report de
"We believe thia is a larger number
In proportion to tbe total membership
than any other association in the
United States. The association became
a recruiting; station for both Army
Navy. (In recent weeks British offl
cera have found the aaaoclatlon a rood
place to aecure recruits for the Cana
dian army.) Young men were advised
In regard to the branches of the serv
ice to enter. Classes were reorganised
to meet the special demands of the
Government. The association waa called
upon and supplied wlrless operators,
both for the Navy and merchant snips.
"Auto drivers and mechanics for
many different branches of the Gov
ernment were furnished from the asso
ciation automobile engineers' school.
Almost two entire claaaes were taken
from the aaaoclatlon electrical en
gineering; school, and some of these
became Instructors and specialists in
aviation schools. The buslnesa and
scientific schools of the association
bare had a steady call from the Gov
ernment for young men fitted for serv
ice by these practical schools.
Heea lVorfc. attaaalated.
To help men beyond draft ace pre
pare for the heavier borne responsibili
ties brought about by the withdrawal
of younger men for military aervice.
special gymnasium and educational
classes were organised and the voca
tional department gave especial atten
tion to finding mature men Jobs.
Some of the special war aclivitlea in
the big central building of th Portland
T. M. C .A, at Sixth and Taylor streets.
Include a radio school, steel and wood
bipbuildlng schools, aviation and auto
schools, conversion of the auditorium
Into a replica of a Y. M. C A. "hut at
the front, weekly Army and Navy en
tertainments, dormitories for soldiers
and sailors and physical training to
bring men of draft ace to Army phys
ical requirements. The club features
of tbe central building are free to all
men in Army and Navy uniform.
V - tr, 1 - r7ti
tJ 11 i 1 'A'' ?"S ;h. orf fitter 1
.LeKg31?fffl JvXjc? tW3J J
?:. ...";;.jfir? i
WW .T--rt :s! I
iw 'mTD i.afa V4L3 La71 Li VJ f-,,:. J t
iheSiandard Oil for Mohr Cars I
Flows Freely af Zero
That's why it's called ZERO-LENE. It feeds and splashes properly even at a-ertf
temperature it's a zero cold test oiL
ZEROLENE eliminates the hard cranking:, draining of the battery and lack of
lubrication while warming up that is caused by using an oil that congeals in cold
Drain your crank-case, fill with ZEROLENE, and then note the easier starting and
(quicker acceleration that you obtain.
It's because ZEROLENE is correctly refined from California asphalt-base crude
ft real zero cold test oil.
At Dealers Everywhere and At Our
Standard Oil Company
ASH1NGTOX. January it.
(Special.) Uncle Kara is about
to take stock of the National
larder. Under date of December 31, a
monster Inventory Is being made of
all food resources of the United States.
By January II Uncle Sam will be in a
fair way to know what food stocks
he haa on hand to last over until next!
season's crops come In; he will know;
how much food he can spare for the
allies and how sparingly he should
make use of it at home.
This Is the first time that stock has
ever been taken of the Nation's food ,
supply. A good housekeeper would i
never think of running her kitchen and j
table for a definite period without
knowing what supplies she had In cel
lar and pantry, but the United States
has existed through all these years, so
far as the Nation's provender is con
cerned, in a happy-go-rucky fashion,
feastlngis long as there is plenty and
doing without when there is none.
Now. with an Indefinite drain upon
the Nation's cupboard in sight. Uncle
Sam has decided to find out where he
stands, and to take stock of the pounds
of sugar, the boxes of tea and the alabs
of bacon laid by on pantry shelves.
ressplete Sarvey Promised.
Under an act of Congress approved
by the President August 10, 1917, the
Secretary of Agriculture was author
ised to "investigate and ascertain the
demand for, the supply, consumption.
costs and prices of. and the basic faejts
HIGHWAY BONOS TARGET
EAGLE (REEK CRASGF.RS OPPOSE
94 Lb OF SKCI RITIKS.
Farsaere Clalsa Tbat Boada Already
bold by Mate Have Rrmalted la
Uh of Aboat assoo.
SALE II. Or, Jst. !S. fPpeclaU Ac
cording to s communication received by
the 8tate lllebway Commission from
Chester L Chambers, of the Eagle
Creek Grange. In Clackamas County,
the Farmers' Union intends to attack
further-sale of road bonds through an
Initiative vote at tbe election In tbe
Fall and to annul the vote of last
ijprtng. by which the highway bonds
It la charged, the letter says, that
there was a loss In selling bonds al
ready Issued of more than liO.uuO; that
the Commission already has expended
$3.S0 for automobiles, and that the
contract prire for paving Is three times
the cot to Clackamaa County for sim
ilar road Improvement.
Mr. Chambers submits a list of ques
tions for the Commission to answer.
He desires knowledge as to mileage
and location of roads which can and
probably will he built from the present
bond issue; also mileage and cost cov
ered by present contracts and data
reaardlng expenditures for automo
biles and the loss on sale of bonds from
their face value.
MAYOR BAKER APPOINTED
31mberhlp Accorded on State Mil
itary Entertainment Council.
Mayor Baker yesterday received no
tice of appointment by tbe Government
of membership on the Oregon State
Military Kntertalnroent Council, which
has tbe work of arranging entertain
ment for soldiers in Army camps and
Notification came by telegram from
M. P. Harrison, executive chairman of
the council. The first step is starting
National sale of mileage books.
It is presumed the Mayor's selection
baa been due to the successful Christ
mas and New Year's entertainments
provided in Portland for soldiers and
saolors from Beirfbboriax Army camps,
retail bakers, 1040 fish-frewing plants.
. , - . . . . M , . , i ana ariea ana salt xisn packers, low
relating to the ownership, production, I .. . . , . . . . , ,
. . , . , . '(manufacturing and wholesale confec-
UIIIWIWIIUII, lUAIIUiaviUIC. DIUI dk,C 1 .j - , hi V. - ,
iiDiirio, iuv BiauKiHCiDiv nuu hit t
packers, 5000 wholesale poultry, butter.
egg and cheese dealers, 6500 creamer
ies, 40U condensers and so on through
the whole gamut of the hundred or
more classified fond trades.
Schedules Are Faralshed.
The owner or manager of each con
cern to which schedules are sent must
report the entire holdings of the prod
ucts listed in terms of the unit speci
fied in the quantity column of th
schedule. The schedule should be filled
out and mailed to the chief of the bu
reau of markets within 10 days after
the date of receipt. Kxtensions have
been granted those who have applier
for them, as they not only meet the
emergencies of the various business
concerns, but enable the bureau to
spread the Immense volume of tabu
lating a little more evenly over the
Trucks bring the mail from the pot-offic-e.
Tbe first rough count of the in
coming mail is by weight, each pound
averaging 30 schedules. The letters
are opened by machinery and then as
sorted, the day's mall sometimes ris
ing as high as 32.000 schedules. Each
report Is checked, off on the master1
mailing list. .
A small army of editors then take
the schedules In hand and decipher
illegible handwriting, or convert quan
tities of food stocks reported in wrong
units into the units required by the
schedule. The grist is then run
through verifying, tabulating and filing
machines, and three months after the
first requests for information have
been sent out from headquarters the
facts have been returned, tabulated,
filed and verified and the amount of
each commodity held by food dealers
of each class for each state and for
the entire country Is duly posted upon
Uncle Sam's household calendAr.
But it is not possible to inventory all
food stocks by mail. There are 165,000
small retail grocers, who, throuch in
ability to read or understand English,
could not carry out the Instructions of
the schedule, or who, through lack of
experience with that sort of thing,
could not satisfactorily fill out the
facts asked for in the food question
naire. It would be quite out of the
question to inventory each one of these
small concerns by personal canvass.
Therefore, the bureau resorts to esti
mates based on a detailed survey of
Coantiea Divided Into Groups.
As a basis of selection for these type
counties, the total number of counties
in the United States Is divided Into
seven groups, according to the size of
the largest village, town or city con
tained in each, those of the first class
being rather metropolitan districts. In
a number or Instances containing parts
or all of two or more counties. The first
group consists of 25 metropolitan dis
tricts, each containing a population of
uu,wsrd of 200.000. The second group
contains 19 smaller metropolitan dis
tricts and adjacent territory, .bavins
and distribution of foods, food ma
terials, and any articles required in
connection with the production, distri
bution or utilisation of food. An ap
proprlation was granted for the work
and within a week after the bill bad
been signed by tbe President the gi
gantlc stock-taking enterprise had be
To cover the whole field of available
food supplies Is a great Job, but It is
not too great for the resourcefulness
and Ingenuity of the officials of the bu
reau of markets and rural organisation
of the Department of Agriculture.
Charles J. Brand, chief of this bureau.
Is the executive head of this stock-taking
enterprise. A preliminary survey
la Just about finished, and the big and
complete Inventory df the Nation's food
stocks, including last season's harvests.
Is now In progress. A huge force of
clerks Is on the Job handling the Im
mense correspondence which Is the
basis of this unprecedented task of
stock taking, and Innumerable agents.
Federal representatives and volunteer
workers are in the field taking lnven
tory of food stocks which cannot be
reported by mall. Wherever an em
ploye of the United States Is ln,s post
tlon to push the work along he is Im
pressed Into service, and If the existing
machinery of other divisions and de
partments fits the needs of the survey
It Is straightway utilised by the men
on the food Job.
Officers Called to Aelloaw
The 30.000 regular township report
ers of the bureau of crop estimates
report on the amount of food products
on farms: county and state leaders, ag
ricultural and home economic agents
and other personnel connected with the
states relations service cover the food
stuffs in the households of farm fami
lies, and food and drug Inspectors and
state and local health officials and in
spectors of the bureau of chemistry re
port for the small retail concerns in
Four general classes of commodities
are being covered in. this food drive.
Quantities of raw food products on
the farms such, ss grain. livestock.
poultry, eggs and honey.
Stocks of food products nearer the
consumptive stage In manufacturing.
Jobbing, wholesale, storing and other
commercial establishments. Including
large retail stores.
Stocks In small retail establishments.
Food stocks on the shelves and in tbe
bins of tbe family pantry.
Here are some facta regarding the
mailing end of this stock-taking Job:
Comprehensive lists compiled by the
bureau of markets within the past two
years enable Uncle Sam to get into
communication with 525,000 food man
ufacturers and dealers. This mailing
list includes U.ooe grain, flour and feed
dealers. 1200 brewers. 800 distillers.
(500 canners of fruits, vegetables,
meats and sea foods; 1400 refiners and
dealers In edible oils; 1300 sugar and
rui reflncra, i.uoa. whglxia jo4
cities of 100.000 to 200.000; the third
group contains counties having cities
of 25,000 to 50.000; in the seventh group
there are 1639 counties, which have no
village so large as 2500.
Here is where the existing machinery
of other divisions comes in to help out
in the work of the Federal food survey
The work in cities Is done by the bu
reau of chemistry, through its food and
drug inspectors, state and local health
officials and inspectors. New York City
Is being handled as a separate problem
i by Dr. Lucius P. Brown, of the depart
ment of food and drugs and the police
Fifty thousand wholesale and retail
grocers will be canvassed by the police
of New York City. They, will go from
store to store in their respective dis
tricts and leave with the proprietor or
manager schedules of all the possible
staples in stock, with the request that
they be filled out within 48 hours.
Schedules will be collected by the po
lice and taken to the police station,
where they are inspected by officials
of the department of health, serving in
the capacity of editors. If the sched
ules are badly made out, they are re
turned the next day, and tbe policeman
of that precinct helps the puzzled
Syrian fruit vender to' fill in the in
formation. . In many parts of the city,
especially in the poorer district, the
police have to explain to the grocers
that they must fill out the schedule or
be liable to fine or imprisonment. With
this power behind requests for food
stocks, all cases of food hoarding vrill
Store Closed by Agents.
"The life of the Federal agent who is
taking stock of retail stores is not all
smooth sailing." explained Herbert C.
Marshall, assistant chief of the Bureau
of Markets, who is close to the actual
working details of the food survey. "A
small percentage of the owners of these
shops resent such Interference, even on
the part of Uncle Sam s accredited rep
resentatives. In one instance, the
keeper of a little store became furious
at the idea that anybody should enter
his door and ask him to stop work and
make out an account of stock. His
views of the impertinence of such a
proceeding were expressed in terms too
picturesque for print. Finally the vis
iting agent of the Department of Agri
culture resorted to stern measures. He
called . in the local police officer, took
formal possession of the store, closing
the doors to business until the job of
stock-taking was finished.
Much more trouble has been en
countered from the failure of small
storekeepers to understand the details
of what was required of them than
from any lack of disposition to furnish
data. They have been petrified at the
Idea of making a sworn statement to
the United States Government, and this
has caused hesitation and delay. MaAy
amusing mistakes have been made by
aliens, through failure to understand
Knglish words, one Syrian fruit dealer
entering under the item vegetable
fats' all the vegetables In his stock.'
The last trench to be taken in this
food drive covers stocks on farms and
in Individual households. The bureau
of crop estimates, with its existing
army of crop reporters, whose routine
work fits them to discharge this special
task quickly and well, gets a pretty
comprehensive line on farm stocks. For
the preliminary survey returns were
requested from the usual state, county
and 30,000 township reporters of tbe
bureau, but in the more comprehensive
survey ten additional schedules are be
ing sent to each of these reporters for
distribution among their neighboring
farmers, so that the total number of
returns requested for this later survey
will' be more than 300,000.
To draw into the net for food infor
mation the 22.000,000 households that
make up the United States is a rather
big undertaking, but the commanders
of the food drive again demonstrate
their soundness and capacity. As it is
impossible to approach each one of the
22.000.000 households. 14.000 families
representative of tbe entire population
as to place of residence, family income
and occupations are to be studied In
detail and estimates derived from these
figures that will cover with a fair de
gree of accuracy the entire country.
The aim or the household survey is
to get svXairly accurate. Idea, ot the. food;
K I FORD OWNERS:
Does your oil congeal between the clutch plates, making your
motor extremely hard to crank, and causing your car to crceD
as if high gear was partially engaged? Fill up with ZEROLENE LIGHT and you can
absolutely remedy this.
AAAa. - . - . . tArfLJr
stocks In Individual households, sup
plementary to certain data sent in from
cold storage concerns and making com
plete returns as to quantity of pre
served meats, eggs, fruits and vege
tables in the country. Secondarily, the
schedule finds out how much of certain
staple commodities are being used, and
checks up by means of inquiries on
comparative amounts of certain foods
consumed this year and last on the
ability of the average American family
to follow oue certain conservation food
measures which have been recom
A vital and unique phase of the
household survey Is the inquiry into
milk production, and the various ways
in which this valuable food product is
utilized. Such an investigation has
never been made before, and in the
light of the scarcity of mi 11c in some of
the big cities, where babies are starv
ing for lack of It, it is expected to lead
to Interesting results.
The schedule to be filled out by
housekeepers is divided Into four sec
tions, as follows:
Stock of preserved meats on hand for use
during this Winter. Estimated stock of pre
served meats used during preceding Winter.
Stock of fruits, vegetables and eggs pre
served for home use for 1017 and 1016.
Total Quantity of milk produced, con
sumed and sold under the following Items
for calendar year: 1, whole milk; 2, cream;
3. skimmed milk qauntlty fed to animals
and used In household.
Total consumption of 34 leading food
Items during 1H17. Estimated consumption
of specific foods for 1918 (In order to see
to what extent families nave oeen aoie to
substitute certain foods for others in the
Dietary Investigation Made.
Dietary investigations which are be
ing made in the division of home eco
nomics, under the direction of Dr.
Langworthy. chief of that division,
dovetail with the more sweeping
household inventory of the Federal
food survey. Dr. Langworthy is con
ducting an intensive research into
dietaries of a number of selected fam
ilies, so that there will be at hand
scientific data on quantities and kinds
of food used in the average American
household. This present survey brings
up to date a former dietary investiga
tion made by Dr. Atwater of the same
division, which has heretofore been the
basis of all dietary calculations, in
cluding those of the British royal com
mission. Such data will be of tre
mendous value in a number of ways
Just at this time, when food and food
supplies have become a vital factor in
the present war emergency.
"What is the attitude of merchants,
food dealers and the householder to
ward this somewhat arbitrary proceed
ing on the part of the United States
Government?" was aked of Mr. Marshall.
"You must remember." he replied,
"that Uncle Sam is going after this
food information in a businesslike and
determined way. He Is not satisfied
with voluntary statements made by
merchants and food dealers, accepted
on faith as the truth. The power of the
law is behind request for data, and if
any of the business concerns ap
proached are caught they are exposed
to heavy penalty or a term of imprison
ment. If the food barons of New York
should be tempted to report incor
rectly on quantities of sugar or pickles
stored in warehouses in Kentucky or
Iowa, Federal agents would not be long
in finding It out. Besides this close
check upon the reports from big con
cerns through multiplicity of aprencies
working on the food survey, statistics
gathered by personal canvass in repre
sentative counties are used to verify
the reports sent by mall.
Business Men Co-operate.
"However, there is pretty generally a
real desire on the part of business men
to help the Nation In its campaign for
more intelligent housekeeping on the
score of its foods. Reactionists have
been few and reports come in promptly
and in good form. In fact, it is some
what surprising to see how quickly the
great mass of American business men
adapt themselves to a measure which i
few years ago would have been con
sidered altogether out of the province
of Government and a patent encroach
ment uoon personal liberties.
"When this survey is completed, with
all that it has meant in the expend!
ture of time, effort and money, exactly
what will be the practical results?" was
"We can plan out our crop production
for the ensuing year with a degree of
Intelligence which is Impossible with
out this definite and comprehensive
survey of food supplies. It 'would be
hard to find the owner of a factory who
would plan out a producing programme
without having a moderately accurate
idea of market demands and stocks al
ready on hand. We have been running
our factory absolutely blind, without
regard to orders or probable sales. It
is ridiculous to urge greatly Increased
production unless we can say and say
with definiteness that there is a short
age and that the producer will bu as
sured a moderate return for his labor.
"We are about to know for the first
time by consideration of actual figures
how we are situated with reference to
our right to export the various com
modities, - considering the needs of our
own people. Again we shall know
what we should substitute in the way
of those things which are plentiful for
those which are not plentiful. Infor
mation to the effect that there Is a sur
plus of potatoes on the market will ex
ert a leverage on the price fixer and
will encourage the increased use of
Break a Cold
In Few Hours
First dose of 'Tape's Cold Compound" relieves the cold
and grippe misery Don't stay stuffed up!
this specific food. As Increased con
sumption of potatoes means using less
bread, it is a definite whiiat conserva
tion measure. Throwing like facts on
the screen regarding other leading food
Items would be equally valuable. We
should know where we can use heavily
and where lightly. Hoarding would be
impossible. It will enable us to check
up production with consumption, and to
Both Mr. Brand and Mr. Marshall, the
two men at the head of the job, believe
that this emergency survey will dem
onstrate how useful annual stocktak
ing is. While Congress has apreed to
foot the expense of only one food in
ventory, they believe that the annual
survey, once before the crops are har
vested and Just after they are in. is as
good as established. Uncle Sam has
entered upon all era of better house-keepiner-
CHILD IS BILIOUS
Look, Mothers ! See if tongue is coat
ed, breath hot or stomach
"California Syrup of Figs" can't harm
- tender stomach, liver,
Every mother realizes, after giving
her children "California Syrup otFigs,"
that this is their ideal laxative, oecausa
they love its pleasant taste and It thor
oughly cleanses the tender little stom
ach, liver and bowels without griping.
When cross. Irritable, feverish or
breath is bad, stomach sour, look at the
tongue, mother! ii coatea, give a tea
spoonful of this harmless "fruit laxa
tive, ana in a tew uours u me ioui,
constipated waste, sour bile and undi
gested food passes out of the bowels.
and you have a well, playful child
again. When its little system is full of
cold throat sore, has stomach-ache,
diarrhoea, indigestion, colic remem
ber, a good "inside cleansing" should
always be the first treatment given.
Millions of mothers Keep California
Syrup of Figs handy; they know a tea
Bpoonful today saves a sick child to
morrow. PIV Ul U(,1EL lUT S
bottle of "California Syrup of Figs,"
which has directions tor babies.
children of all ages and grown-ups
printed on the bottle. Beware of coun
terfeits sold here, so don't be fooled.
Get the genuine, made by "California
Fig Syrup Company." Adv.
NOSE CLOGGED FROM
A COLD OR CATARRH
Apply Cream in Nostrils To
Open Up Air Passages-
Relief comes instantly.
A dose taken every two hours until
three doses are taken will end grippe
misery and break up a severe cold
either in the head, chest, body or limbs.
It promptly opens c!ogged-up nostrils
and air passages in the head, stops
nasty discharge or nose - runn.ng, re
lieves sick headache, dullness, feverish
iiess, sore throat,, sneezing, soreness
Don't stay stuffed-up! Quit blowing
and snuffling! Ease your throbbing
head! Nothing else in the world gives
such prompt relief as "Pape's Cold
Compound," which costs only a few
cents at any drugstore. It acts without
assistance, tastes nice, causes no in
convenience. Be sure you get the gen
trils open right up, the air passages of
your head are clear and you can breaths
freely. No more hawking, snuffling,
mucous discharge, headache, dryness
no struggling for breath at nia'ht; you
cold or catarrh Is gone.
Don't stay stuffed-up! Get a smalt
bottls of lily's Cream Balm from your
druggist now. Apply a little of this
fragrant, antiseptic cream in your nos
trils, let it penetrate through every
air passage of the head; soothe and
heal the swollen. Inflamed mucous mem
brane, giving you instant relief. Ely's
Cream. Balm is Just what every cold
and catarrh sufferer has been seeking
lt'a Just splendid. Adv. -