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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX. PORTLAND, JANTXAKY 27, 1918.
CITY WATER RATES
. HELD INADEQUATE
Increase Declared Necessary
by Superintendent Kaiser
. . in Annual Report.
ARMENIA TO PRESENT STRONG APPEAL FOR
ITS 2,500,000 STARVING WAR REFUGEES
AmffK. Aaked for $30,000,000 for Wintrr Fond for Homeless IYople Oregon's Appropriation Is $150,000.
Fortland Expects to Raise $75,000.
:huge deficit threatened
fchortacr of $T5.nf In Slarht .Not
Tmr Hnc When BIk Bond Iu
I)ar Reduction In 19 It
J Held o Warranted. .
An 1nrea In rtr ratea In porl.
luid to forestall a pending I759.e0
deficit In funds required to retire out
tuidlna- bond in recommended by
Water Superintendent Kaiser In hi an
Baal report. flUd yesterday with Clly
The report show that tha Witr Ttu
Ntu ha bfo forced to far a deflrl
r raaon of a malarial reduction
ats in rrmtr. which reduc
tion. Mr. Kaiaer hold. wfr not war
ranted. They wera mada by the Clt
Council oo rrnmmfndailon of Will I
Jlv. who waa then Commissioner o
rnblle L'tllftle. and have resulted I
the loaa to tha Water Bureau of revenu
amounting to about 8i.040. needed for
Mr. Kaiaer makes no definite recom
xnendatlon aa to tha amount or Increase
receeeary In rates, but ay tha ratea
should bo raised In tha near future
in order that bonds coming duo may be
Bowda Do la 133.
"lit 1 ;t. says tha report, "an Issue
mt SJ.Itt).00 In 2tt-year. 4 per ten
l!tr bonds, sold Id 1JM. will become
due. If tha rataa ara not ralaed. there
will be a deficit of about ITiO.oOO. As
2 understand the city charter, wo can
sot ra-lssua bonds for this purpose be
causa our revenue must be aufflcten
to pay all costs of operation and ad
ministration and an annual amoun
must bo aet aside sufficient to pay
mr before maturity all bonda Issued on
orount of the water system.
"In IVeember. !!. tha Council re
duced meter rates approximately 10
per cant. This will hare the effect of
reducing our work Ins; capital about
Hi. one a year, which Is encroaching
danaeroualy near tha breaking point.
I do not bellere that thle reduction was
warranted, aa financial statementa pre
pared from time to time show that
when tha bonds Issued In 1S1 become
due In 121 they must be taken cars of.
.However, aa the Council aaw fit to
make this reduction on tha recom
mendation of the Commissioner of Pub
lic lltlltlea (Daly), we must abide by
Its judo-mect and adjust our finances
AHIsrt las ! Cited.
The report aaya also that at tha asms
time tha meter rates were reduced tha
flat-rate chant for fire protection
lints and the charge for steam or hot
water heating plants In dwellings wss
cut out with a resultant loss of 1(000
a year revenue.' "I would recommend
(bat tha charge for fire protection lines
be a sain established at the earliest
possible time, as there la no good rea
son why thla special protection should
bo given to a certain class of property
without some remuneration to the city,
a It aervea to give property protected
a material reduction In Insurance
The report recommends against the
plan followed laat year of allowing
free use of water for garden Irrigating
purposes. It says: The initiation of
the procedure caused untold confusion
nd It waa absolutely Impossible for
tha regular office force to keep Its
work up to date, there being times
when regular routine duties were from
five to tlttit days delayed."
Mr. Kaiaer recommenda a continu
ance of tha policy of last year of per
mitting lawn sprinkling every day In
stead of only oa alternate days.
Mass's Artl.s Commended.
"Soon after assuming office." aaya
fne report. Commissioner Mann re
scinded that portion of tha sprinkling
rules which restricted tha use of water
through hose to alternate daya and
mada It possible to extend the privilege
of using water for sprinkling purposes
to all consumers on any day during the
month, subject of course to the re
atrtctlona provided for the proper
handling of thla privilege. This was
a zmrv in tha right direction and tha
Commissioner la to bo commended for
Mr. Kaiser reports that the system
mt aendtng out bllla Quarterly Instead
of monthly baa proven successful and
ka three years has effected a saving
I H. G. JL
rlET. XX r. THOMPSON AXD FRED
XwOCXXCT REPORT SAFE ARRIVAL,
retry Mas Wears Life Preseiser and
b Hu Clothes Waea Gela-
TTaswagh Sabsaartaa Zsaa,
"Rev. T. P. Thompson, formerly pastor
of tha Mlzpah Presbyterian Church In
this city, and now a member of the Y.
M. C. A.'a preaching-stsff. Is safe on
the other side of the Atlantic, accord
ing to a letter received yesterday by
John A. Goodell. of the Portland Y. M.
C. A. Fred Lock ley. a former newspa
per man of this city, who Is now en
gaged in T. M. C A. war work, accom
panied Mr. Thompson across the At
lantic, and he. too. la safe In England
Mr. Thompson's letter follows: '
"My Dear John: If I mall thla In
Liverpool yon will know that I ar
rived In aafety. We are now Id the
danger tone. Every man la wearing
Thia life preserver and sleeping In his
"We left New York Saturday. "De
cember J2. and will doubtless not arrive
In England until Monday. January 7.
"We are In a alow, but very safe, con
voy. We expect to meet the destroy
ers now any hour.
"Three Sundays on the ocean! Christ
maa and New Year, too! The time has
passed rapidly, though, for wa have
been kept very busy. After coming
aboard we formed tha Orlssa Normal
Training College.' the purpose of which
Is to prepare the men for the work
"We have a college president. Dr. W.
M. Crawford, president of Allegheny
College, as our president. Fred Lock
ley Is registrar. There are 70 men in
our company, and we have practically
the whole boat to ourselves. A Jolly
lot of men. and a ftne. promising bunch
of fellows. All kinds of talent. Men
from all walks of life, professional and
otherwise. We have no promise of the
kind of service we will do. That Is
to be settled In Paris.
"Lock ley wishes to be remembered to
you and his friends. I'll drop a line
; TT&7 ' : "P-rlK ''! V ' Ja Vr rib!
jtww -iW-. AjMal-'',0 'J"-"'" N ' K
rZ-'' ti - u:- -7
f - .... " J rir
. , -. . .. v
TO STOP SEDITION
Loyal Legion Does Effective
Work in Ferreting Out Dis
loyal Ones in Forests.
SPRUCE PRODUCTION RISES
Agonised and outraged Armenia the
word spells trsgedy will present to
Portland within the next fortnight the
strongest and most convincing appeal
for aid for Its 2.500.000 starring ref
ugees yet msoe In these times of
world wsr. America Is being asked
for I30.0JO0OO for a Winter fund for
these homeless, poverty-stricken peo
ple. Oregon's apportionment Is 1154.000,
and of this sum Portland expects to
rslse 175.000. Wells Gilbert, general
for the drive, has It wall In hand. Mrs.
Julius L. Loulsson is Colonel of the
woman'a division, and John T. Dougall
la chairman for the men a division.
Public preparatlona tor the campaign
will begin this week with tha arrival
from San Francisco of Mrs. Kmerlck
secretary of the California division of
the American Committee for Armenian
and Syrian Relief. Mrs. Kmerlck will
arrive Monday and remain until Thurs
day, and during that time she will ap
pear at private and public gatherings,
giving the message from the much per
Pa bile Meeting Called.
Plans are being formulated for a
public meeting to be held In the Audi
torium, tha date to -be announced
sooner. Mrs. r.merlck s reputation as
a magnetic and convincing speaker has
preceded her. She recently went be
fore a men's club In Han Francisco to
present the cause of tba Armenians.
and before she spoke she waa Informed
that tha constitution of the organixa-
t'on prohibited the taking of any col
lections or subscriptions. She said all
she wished waa to tell her story,
which she did In such an enltghtening
manner that she waa no sooner seated
than by a unanimous vote the consti-
utlon was auspended and a collection
of S-fOO waa taken.
The Portland campaign win open
Monday evening with a dinner at Hotel
Portland for tha committee, officers
snd workers, when the final details
and plans of work will be gone over,
and the drive will be started off with
he proper seat and enthusiasm. Both
Colonels ara already lining up their
captains, some of whom will be presi-
ents of leading organisations of Doth
men and women, w. H. slackay has
w- -wa, j w
accepted the chairmanship of the in
All of the dwellers In Bible lands
have suffered untold agonies during the
present war at the hands of their Prus
sian-dominated Turkish masters. Hun
dreds of thousands have died the mar
tyr's death: tha remnant Is now left
to perish from exposure, disease and
starvation. The Turks have outdone
their mentors, the Prussians, In fright
fulness. It seems Inconceivable that
In this day and age, human beings
could crucify, drown, tear to pieces,
butcher by wholesale and starve to
death other human beings, and yet this
Is what has happenea, until today
2.500.000 people. 160,000 of them or
phans, are homeless and starving, and
America Is their only hope.
Backed by German men and approval
Turkish f rightfulness went the Huns
one better in giving free rein to a
hatred of the Christian Armenian and
Syrian peoples who formed the best
element of tha population of Turkey.
For (00 years these two races have
been persecuted by their masters. This
once thriving and prosperous popula
tion. Innocent, unoffending. Industrious,
possessed of homes, of business prop
erty, farms and gardens; living in com
fort and in many cases in affluence,
were suddenly stripped of all posses
sions, driven from their homes and left
to wander and find auch livlihood as
they could obtain.
The tragedy that has befallen these
people may perhaps best be understood
from one of the authenticated stories.
Here it is: An American doctor coming
down from the mountainside from the
Lebanon noticed in the distance a
throng of children and wondered why
so many were gathered in one place.
Upon coming near he discovered that
a camel had died by the roadside, and
these famished children were In desper
ation picking the last shreds of flesh
from the skeleton of the fallen beast.
gain when I get settled, unless you
et across before I have the chance."
STATE MEETING IS CALLED
Oddfellows and Rebekabs to Assrjn-
blo oa January 2.
Oddfellows and Rebekabs of Port
land and Oregon will assemble at tha
Baker Theater on January 29. George
W. Trefren. grand master, of Ashland;
Henry Taylor, psst grand master, of
Pendleton; Fred Walker, deputy rrand
master, of Eugene, and other grand
lodge officers will attend. The Re
bekaa branch of tha order will be rep
resented by Mrs. Jessie White, warden:
Mrs. Allle Circle, marshal, and Mlsa Eda
Jacobs, treasurer of the Rebekah Assembly.
The meeting; will be open to the pub
lic and to all members of all branches
of tha ordar. Members of the military
ranch and Rebekah lodges of Portland
will have charge of the theater. Tha
Baker Playera will. In addition to other
features ef entertainment, present the
play .entitled. "It Paye to Advertlae."
There also will be musical numbers by
the Portland Ad Club quartet.
EDUCATOR QUITS SCHOOL
David X. Moaessobn Retires Because
of Personal Business.
David X. Moaessohn, organiser and
rst principal of the Americanlxation
School of Portland, yesterday tendered
resignation aa principal, owing to
he pressure of personal business. Mr.
Mosessohn organised the school at the
request of L. R. Alderman, superln-
endent. In 116, and hundreds of for-
ignera took an Interest In It from the
start. The system grew and won the
ttentlon and commendation of the
nlted States Bureau of Naturalisation
and the United Statea Bureau of Education.
The school originated at the Shat-
auck School building, grew to Include
he Ladd School, and this year Mr.
Mosessohn started the "work in' the
AJblna Homestead district.
Mr. Alderman accepted Mr. Moses-
sohn's resignation with regret.
YOUTH HELD INSANE
Defense of Clarence Guy Indi
cated by Father.
RED CROSS WORK PRAISED
Sweaters Sent to For Stevens Men
Through the Portland chapter of the
American Red Cross, the men of the
ort Stevens battalion of the 65th
rtillety, aoon to leave Oregon for
overseas service, have Just been sup
plied with heavy, warm sweaters.
Chaplain Albert K. Mathews has writ
ten to the Red Cross expressing the
ppreciatlon of his men as follows:
"I am glad to aay that through auch
lndly efforts as yours the men are
developing a better concept of the
oble character of the Red Cross. They
re beginning to realise that you are
ble to aid and assist them before as
well as after they are injured. Their
gratitude Is very real and sincere.
Please accept my thanka aa well as
thst of the men."
MOTHER IS NOW IN ASYLUM
Woman Shot by Enraged .Husband
Is Still Living at Hospital, but
Chance of Pulling Through
Is Declared Slender.
With his wife In Emanuel Hospital
fighting for her life. Clarence Guy
aided by his fatner. yesterday engaged
E. V. Llttlefield aa his counsel and out
lined his defense as that of hereditary
Insanity, this being the only develop
ment of consequence in the tragedy of
Friday afternoon, when he shot the
woman, who claims to be also the wife
ef R. A.iMorden.
Her condition at a late hour was re
ported fair by the hospital authorities,
but It is too early as yet to say whether
she will be able to pull through, hav
ing been hit by two of the bullets fired
by her enraged husband.
Guy shot her because she refused to
leave Morden. The shooting occurred
In her apartments at SIS Stanton
Mrs. Guy, or Morden, admits being
married to both men. but explains that
her first marriage, to Guy, was Illegal.
she thought, because she was wedded
under -the name of her stepmother. In
stead of her own name, Clark.
Both, marriages took place In Van
couver. Wash., the first November lo.
117. and the second January 4, 191(.
Guy was arraigned in the Municipal
Court yesterday before Judge Ross-
man, chargsd with assault with a dTi
gerous weapon. He was not repre
sented by counsel at the time, but ap
peared at ease and seemed none too
gloomy, considering the circumstances.
"I think I will put your case over
until Monday," said Judge Rosa man.
"That will be all right," replied Guy.
without a moment's hesitation.
He was then taken to the county
Jail, where ha will be kept until it is
known whether his victim will recover.
It was learned by the authorities yes
terday that tha woman waa until re
cently an inmate of the State Reform
School and that Guy's mother is con
fined at present in theyV.lum for the
Insane at Salem.
WAR WORKERS TO CONFER
Auxiliaries' Central Committee
Meet Monday at Courthouse.
The regular meeting of the War
Auxiliaries' central committee will be
held Mondsy afternoon at 2 o'clock in
room 201, Courthouse. This commit
tee is composed of one representative
from each, auxiliary in the city that
representative a mother of a boy in
service. Any newly-formed auxiliaries
are requested to send delegates.
At the meeting last week the com
mittee passed on and approved the en
tertainment which is to be given Feb
ruary 4 by the Study Hour Club for
the benefit of the Sanitary Hospital
Corps, also the burlesque movie ball to
be given at Cotillion Hall. February 12
by Company B Auxiliary, 162d Infantry,
for the benefit of the Company B emer
It is estimated that 37,500 nurses will
be needed by our Army when it reaches
Through Loyal Legion of Loggers
and Lumbermen, Organized by
Colonel Dlsque, Pro-Germans -Kept
From Doing Harm.
Patriotism has reached a point of
high endeavor in the Pacific North
west spruce districts. Employes of the
camps and mills in their own way are
quietly and effectively solving the
problem of sedition and disloyalty,
which, for a time, threatened serious
Impediments to the Government's war
The elimination of passive and ac
tive pro-Germanism in the forests is
being accomplished through the
medium of the Loyal Legion of Log
gers and Lumbermen, the Industrial
adjunct of the spruce production divi
sion of the Signal Corps.
On assuming command of the divi
sion Colonel Brice P. Disque evidently
sensed the danger to his work from
the small but active number of pro
Germans In the woods, for he imme
diately took steps to counteract it by
organizing the Loyal Legion. It is
said that the speed-up programme
probably would be correspondingly In
creased in all directions if Colonel
Disque were possessed of an equal de
gree of discretionary powen in deal
ing with other problems of this large
and complex Job.
SuKseatlons Are Received.
Colonel Disque Inaugurated a "sug
gestion box," through which members of
the Legion may consult with him per
aonally about their grievances. As a
result of this .feature efficiency has
been Increased to a great degree and
disloyalty la rapidly being eradicated.
In less than two months the Legion
has grown to approximately 35.000
Sanitary and other conditions In the
camps and mills . also are being im
proved and the Government is looking
after the welfare of the workers in a
way that perhaps never before has
been equalled. .
Among the suggestions celved at
the headquarters of the Legion for get
ting rid of disloyalty in the woods is
the following letter from a member at
Port Ludlow, Washington:
"The few employes who refused to
enroll in the Logal Legion of Loggers
and Lumbermen showed by their atti
tude an aversion, not only to our Gov
ernment, but to our country and flag.
In spite of the fact that the object of
the- L. L. L. L. was clearly defined by
Lieutenant Blckford, of the United
States Army, these few refused their
pledge toward helping to produce tim
ber to be used for America's ships and
aircraft. Such an attitude condemns
these- few as pro-Germans, with sym
pathy toward our foes. It can be read
ily surmised that such 'Copperheads'
would welcome the Iron heel of Ger
many upon our shores, cast into obliv
ion our democracy, and seek favor un
der autocratic government for their
own personal benefit.
Disloyal Are Condemned.
"The majority of us, who are loyal to
our beloved country, look down with
contempt on these few, who have re
fused their aid during this present
crisis. If America in time of peace is
a good enough country to earn a liveli
hood in, then it should be good enough
to fight for, when threatened by an en
emy who would keep us in slavery and
deprive us of the liberty of which we
"Pro-Germanism is like a cancer,
rapidly growing, and must be stamped
out, otherwise the end will be fatal. It
is the duty of every true American to
d. "his bit,' either in the trenches or
in producing material to carry on the
war. Victory over the Kaiser's hosts
means a safe democratic world for the
working classes. Material produced by
labor will win the war and save us
from the overshadowing menace that
threatens us. We must strike and
strike hard to gain victory, for in spite
of the great drain, during the last three
years, upon her forces, the German
powers are not yet crushed.
Whv should we be traitors to our
when the realisation has been brought
to us that defeat means slavery? Tet
In our midst we have a few pro-Germans
who scorn to pledge themselves
in backing our President. They are
still working among the loyal majority,
like lepers among clean men.. They are
eager to clutch the dollars paid to
them, but loath to show their patriot
Ism by being members of the L. L L. L.
Forbearance la Urged.
"The company operating this mill
has taken, as yet. no action against
these cravens. They continue to abide
in our midst, casting sneering glances
at the honorable badge we wear, po
lutlng the atmosphere with their trea
sonable whispers and holding back
upon the tasks set. for them. Our
loyalty, as citizens of this great coun
try and employes of this lumber mill,
has shown itself, by the large major
ity who signed these pledges. Let us,
then, who are loyal to the cause, make
It so unpleasant for these disloyal few
that they will seek employment else
where. Let us not act with violence
WILL MANY OR FEW
Our Place Beyond the Grave.
By Dr. JAMES E. TALMAGE
Of the Council of the Tvrelvei Church of
Jesus Christ of LaterDay Saints;
Salt Lake City, Utah.
In the course of our Lord's last Jour
ney from Galilee to Jerusalem, which
proved to be His solemn march to Cal
vary and the tomb. He threaded the
towns and villages of the region,
teaching and preaching by the way.
Multitudes were impressed by His loftv
precepts and His simple exposition of
plain, everyday religion; and many
questions were submitted to him, some
based on curiosity or even leus worthv
toward them, but give them to under- terei' 'nspirea y genuine in
stand that disloyalty will not be tol
erated by us. Shall we nourish snakes
to our breasts, who may at many mo
ment turn upon us and strike? Let
them go elsewhere and seek employ
ment, leaving the name of Port Lud
low unsullied by any treasonable act
their brains may conceive.
"Signed. MEMBER 23,972."
CLEAN SEED IMPORTANT
COBVALLIS MAN GIVES VALUABLE
HINTS TO FARMERS.
Ranchers Are t'rared to Put
Through Fannlns Mills a
The Oregon Agricultural College, co
operating with the United States De
partment of Agriculture in agriculture
and home-economics, lays particular
emphasis on the necessity for care in
the selection of seed grain for Spring
planting this year. A report issued
by Professor G. B. Hyslop, who has
examined .seed throughout Sherman
County and reviewed the crop prospect
there, gives valuable hints to farmers
on the subject of 'seed.
The department recommends the
cleaning of grain seed.
"Many hundreds of acres of Spring
grain." estima'tes the report, "will be
planted this Sprfng, and owing to the
large amount of pinched grain of the
1917 harvest, as well as an unusual
amount of cracking of kernels, there
is a good deal of it with low germina
tion. Conservation of food demands
that the cracked grain be saved. It
further demands that the light grain,
badly pinched and weak for seed, be
blown out and kept for feed.
"The demands of the times require
that every farmer put his seed grain
through a fanning mill and grain-
grader to save the poor stuff for feed
and to insure strong, healthy produc
tion in the field.
"In an attempt to get rid of smut a
few have tried grain that has been put
through a scourer. Such grain is not
fit for seed as it is still necessary to
treat lor smut and the treating chemi
cal damages the germ, or sprout, as the
scouring breaks through the seed coat
and exposes the germ.
CONCERT FEB.1 ANNOUNCED
University GIcc Club Presented by
High School Class.
The June graduating class of Lin
coln High School will presem the Uni
versity of Oregon Glee Club in a con
cert on the evening of Friday, Febru
ary 1, at the Lincoln High School audi
torium. Park and Market streets. The
net proceeds will be turned over to
the school scholarship fund, which
sends one student each year to the
University of Oregon.
The Glee Club has not visited Port
land for three years, but judging by
current reports, it is an excellent mu
sical organization. The affair is being
managed entirely by the June, '18,-class
stbdents, with Chester C. KeUey In
$80,000 Estate Left.
Josef Meitner. of Washington County,
who recently moved with his family to
Kansas, died at Olmitz, Kansas, De
cember 30. He left an estate in Wash
ington and Multnomah counties, Ore
gon, of about 180,000. Charles J. Schna-
bel was appointed administrator by the
County Court and qualified as such
country and hansr back in time of need, I hu
District Attorney Evans to Talk.
District Attorney Evans has accepted
an invitation from the Pacific Fire Un
derwriters to address their convention
at San Francisco, February 6, on fire
prevention and the prosecution of fire-
really sick, call
But when you are suffering
from colds, stomach derange
ments or catarrh, the physi
cian cannot prescribe anything
better than Peruna.
Tests in thousands of cases
have shown that as a tonic
with laxative qualities and
special value in catairh.
g FOfc HT OtClV, COOV taTAMKHjkl
aiHsiin mm n nrgifirift
Peruna is Uhequalecl
Catarrhal compficalwoj are at the base of most of the JIs that make us tmcomfortabfe without being
bedfast. Catarrh manifest itself in the stomach, causing indigestion; it snows lueu
in the bowels, the nose, the throat and tha lungs, extending throughout the entire
system, but affecting especially the mucous membranes that line the breaming
apparatus and the digestive tract Because these are diseased, the entire
body is anected, and you are halt sole all tne tunc
Remove the Catarrh
Build Up the Strength
Peruna has met with great success in thousands of
such cases. Yours is no more complicated;
. .1 .i.i i
no more serious, than others mat nave dccb
made weiL Start your recovery today
ManaHn Tablets are an Ideal laxative.
Moat people need It. 3S and It cents.
"Then said one unto blm. Lord, are
there few that be saved V (Luke 13:23).
The inquiry was and is of great mo
ment, quite as important to us todav as
to those whom the Master direotlv'ad
dressed. We observe as a striking and
significant fact, that while the Lord
In nowise treated the querv as im
proper, yet He gave no specific or di
rect answer. Indeed, so far as the rec
ord enables ns to Judge He purposelv
left the question unanswered; though
He gave a most Impressive sermon in
connection therewith. Note again the
question, snd part of the response:
"Then said one unto him. Lord, are
there few that be saved f And he aald
unto them. Strive to enter In at the
atrait gate) for many, I aay unto yon,
will seek to enter In. and aball not be
As the succeeding' verses fell, the
instruction was enlarged upon to show
that neglect or procrastination in obey
ing the requirements of salvation may
result in dire Jeopardy to the soni.
When the door is shut in judgment
many will come knocking, and som
will plead that they had known the
Lord, having eaten and drunk in His
company, and He having taught upon
their streets; but to them who had
failed to accept the truth when offered
he Lord shall say: "I tell you, I know
yon not whence ye arei depart from
me. all ye worker of Iniquity."
Moreover, the people were warned
that their lsraelitish lineage would not
save them, for many who were not of
the covenant people would believe and
be admitted to the Lord's presence,
while unworthy Israelites would be
thrust out. So It is that "There are last
which shall be first, and there are first
wnich shall be last." (verse 30).
Uplifting and invaluable as this
teaching is, it has. nevertheless, but an
Indirect bearing upon the clean-cut
question: Will many or but few be
saved? An explanation of this ap
proach to evasion in replying to the
earnest inquiry Is indicated by the
Lord's adherence to the rule forcefully
enunciated by Himself not to cast
pearls before swine neither to give
that which is holy to the unbelieving.
The people to whom Jesus was speak
ing were incapable of understanding a
plain answer to the question, and
would have been misled thereby. For,
had He said "Few" they would have
construed the reply to mean that only
a few, and they the Jews, would find
a place in "Abraham's bosom." while
all the rest would bo consigned to
sheol. Had the Lord answered "Many"
they would have taken His word to
mean that the great majority shall at
tain supreme bliss In the kingdom of
heaven, and only a few are to find a
place in liell. Either inference is un
true. Later, on the night of the betrayal,
the Lord said to the sorrowful apos
tles: "In my Father' bouse are niaiiy
mansions; If It were not ao 1 would
have told you." Here we find conclu
sive refutation of the old anil still cur
rent superstition, that but two states.
conditions, or places heaven and hell
are established for souls in eternity.
salvation la k roiled: and efory soul
shall inherit the condition for which ha
Faul comprehended this great .ruf'.
as appears from his declaration f -" .n
the resurrection some souls shall be of
the celestial order, comparable in glory
to the sun, others shall attain but a
terrestrial state, of which the bright
ness of the moon is typical; while the
graded status of others shall be as the
varying light of the stars. (See I Cor.
15:41, 42). Here we have two king
doms of glory distinctively specified
the celestial and the terreatrial, and a
third to which no name is given.
Modern revelation is in strict accord
with holy writ of ancient record, and
is explicit in affirming the graded con
ditions that await the souls of men.
As made known In 1832 through the
prophet Joseph Smith s;e Doctrine &
Covenants, sec. 7ti), theie are three
main kingdoms or degrees of glory In
the hereafter (1) the Celestial, of
which the sun is relatively typical, (2)
the Terrestrial, as far below the first
as the moon is inferior to the sun in
effulgence, and (3) the Telestial. which
Is the kingdom referred to by Paul
but without name.
The Celestial Inheritance is for those
who have accepted the Gospel of Christ
and have rendered valiant service in
the cause of righteousness; those who
have yielded obedience to all the lawa
i and, ordinances of the Gospel.
' Into the Terrestrial order shall enter
those who have failed to lay hold of
the privileges of eternal life while In
the flesh; "honorable men of the earth"
perhaps, according to human standard,
yet blinded "by the craftiness" of false
teachers, false philosophy, science
falsely so called. These shall Inherit
glory, but not a fulness thereof.
The Telestial state is provided for
those who have rejected the Gospel and
testimony of Christ, and who merit
condemnation. Theae are they vrbo are
liars, and sorcerers, and adulterers, and
whoremongers, and whosoever lovea
and make a ile." Among them
shall be varied degrees, even as the
stars differ in glory.
Far below this condition is that of
the sons of perdition those who have
sinned in full consciousness, those who
have shed innocent blood. The compar
ative few who reach this state of ex
treme degradation are doomed to dwell
"with the devil and hla nngela In eter
nity, where their worm dleth not, and
the fire is not queuched, which la their
Thus, those who attain even the
Telestial state are saved from the
depths of perdition; while the inher
itors of the higher glories are saved
from the condition of the less exalted.
Consider anew the question asked of
Christ: "Iord, are there few that be
And the answer revealed In the pres
ent age: "But behold, and lo, we aaw
the glory and the Inhabitant of the
telestiul world, that they were aa In
numerable as the star In the firma
ment of heaven, or aa the Hand upon
the aea shore." (Doctrine & Covenants
For literature of the Church of Jesus
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