The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, January 27, 1918, Section One, Image 1

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    t
76 Pages'
Section One
SixSections
Pages 1 to 24
VOL. XXXVII NO. 4.
PORTLAND. OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, .1 A MARY 27, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HAH Oil Mill
BASIS TOMORROW
CONVICTS CAPTURE
ESCAPED PRISONER
ABE RUSTEIX CAUGHT WITHIN
FEW MILES OF SALEM.
President Proclaims New
War Measure.
VICTORY BREAD TO BE EATEN
Honor Gang Spreads Out Over Coun
try and. Party In Auto Without
Guard Retakes fan- '
SAIXM. Or.. Jan. 26. (Special.)
When Abe Rustela escaped from the
penitentiary wood camp a few miles
from Salem today bo cud not eoant on
the root of the honor ctm taking to
his trail. Bat Abe-landed back in
prison In time to get a cold rapper.
WlUard Tanner, who. with Hazel
Erwtn. la serving a sentence for mur
der: Al Dawson. B. E. Roadel and E.
W. Olson, all convicts, are credited
BATTLEFRONT LIFE
T
16
DRAMA
Heavens Seem to Spli
as Shells Burst.
Food Need-of Fighting Ames 0 ?21ZtSl
Abroad to Be Met by
Self-Denial Here.
oat over the country after htm. Tan
ner, with hie party, had the advantage
of the rest by being famished with an
automobile walch'was' driven by Olson.
Near a llttla station, called Switzerland.
east or here, they spied their man on
- .... t .V.. --A ...I nicked
niM M.itt.tM imni unnriiTl '" '
DIU dAVINU NUW UKUfcli I htm up without any trouble and rushed
him Into the prison.
Rusteln was sent to the prison from
nood River County In 11 and was
paroled In 11. but violated his parole
ad was returned last March. Tanner
and his men were given the use of
the machine today without any guards
and they rode back triumphantly into
the prison yard with the party Intact.
and with the addition of Kusteln.
BIG SHOW, SOLDIERS CALL I
Trench to Hospital Trip Dreary
Sequel.
Wilson Calls on American Pub
lic to Cut Down Materially
Use of Meat and Wheat.
WASHINGTON, Jaa. 26. The DRAFT REGIMENT LEAVES
for TTnannouneed Destination.
rrr.rP, n First Full r.H Quit. Catnp Wu
oreaa ajet jirmaay us a pan 01 a vrar-
rationip; system prescribed tonight
V A .V- I TAtua. nun, jm.
food administration calls it. I r..m.t h. rone from Camo
The reduced rations arc asked fori Lewis.
the purpose of creating ajanrer ex-1 with the bands playing "Where Do
port surplus of food for the allies. w 00 From Heref the tPPn
Kl.nkeU mrA framnarl fn f h A BtAtlOH.
accomplished largely by Voluntary ef- standing by were men from other regl
fort, but force will be employed I ments. envious that their units were
wherever permitted under the iood-"t riven the order to so as a body.
This was the first complete regiment to
leare Camp Lewis.
As the Ions troop train palled away
control act.
Programme Arranged for 1918.
The rationing system, as presented the -soldiers leaned with their heads
i !,; j . , .. lout of the windows and wared good-
and by Food Administrator Hoover in
a list of regulations, forms the food
administration's 1918 food conserra
tioa programme, of which the chief
features are:
A baker's bread of mixed flours,
beginning Monday, with a 5 per cent
substitution of other cereals for wheat
until a 20 per cent substitution is
reached. February 24.
byes with hats and handkerchiefs to
their friends on the platform.
SIMPSON TO DECIDE SOON
Prospective Caudldate for Governor
Will Make Statement.
6ALEM. Or Jan. t. (Special.) U
13. .Elrapson. of Coos County, made the
statement here today that he will an-
Sale by retailers to householders of I nounce his decision as to whether he
an equal amount of substitute flours w'11 become a candidate for Governor
for every pound ef wheat flour, pur- ,n Prtlnd- February L r shortly
chased at the time the wheat flour is
bought.
Seventy Per Cent Basis Fixed.
Sale by millers to wholesalers and
This was taken by some to mean that
he Is seriously considering getting Into
the race. He said his friends in Coos
County would not take "No for an
answer, but that they were not familiar
wholesalers to retailers of only 70 perl with conditions out over the state. Mr.
cent of the amount of wheat flour Simpson was here pushing the War
Savings Stamp campaign.
day and Wednesday and one wheat- PARIS POLICE GAS-MASKED
less meal a da v.
One meatless day a week Tuesday i-reparauon. wr xear oer-
GIRL NURSES BIG SUCCESS
Interesting Description of Actual
Life Amid Constant , Deadly
Peril Written by One
Right on Scene.
and one meatless meal a day.
Two porkless days a week Tues
day and Saturday.
Manufacturers of macaroni, .spa
rhetti, noodles, crackers and break
fast foods, pie, cake and pastry will
be permitted to buy only 70 per cent
of their last year's purchases, and are
asked to perform a patriotic service
by using substitute flours.
Equivalent U Be Maintained.
Flour will be sold through the reg
ular channels and in such a manner
that each community will receive its
equivalent share.
The food administration will pur
chase for the Army and for the al-
Biini May Make Air Raid.
Pm. a Colame X
PARIS. Jan. :. Gas masks of the
Istest model have been furnished to
the police as a protection against gss
bombs. In the expectation of air raids
on Paris.
The police have been warned to keep
the masks within easy reach.
UNION COUNTYHAS SNOW
Deprb of Five Inches Covers Ground
Daring NlghU
LA GRAND F:. Or, Jan. St. -(Special.)
Snow fell OTer Union County
tsst night to a depth of fire Inches.
-The thermometer today was low
enourh to presenre the covering.
BT REGINALD WRIGHT KACrTMAS.
Special Cnrrrapondmt of th. North American.
AccnoitH .orr.pondnt wun th United
oi.es niiT m t rance.
(Coprrlcbc IBIS, by the North American.)
THE AMERICAN CAMP,. SOME
WHERE IN FRANCE. Jan. IS. It was
as If we were In the cleft of an Ice
berg. Ice varnished the clay-cemented
logs that walled our narrow trench.
When either of us crouched a little
lower Into the freeslng mud of the
floor, a crust of Ice broke under ub
From the narrow strip of sky orer
head, the stars, which seemed close
enough for plucking, hung like so many
icicles.
For a long hour there had been no
sound save the occasional crackle and
tinkling of Ice we might have been
alone upon our berg In an arctlo sea.
-rd rather .like to know," I whis
pered at night you always whisper
In the trenches Td rather like to
know what It's like when a shell ex
plodes in a dugout."
Whang!
A couple of hundred yards on our
left the blackness blazed Into sudden
fire and Instantly left us In blinding
dark.
"Well." said Bill, "you've come to a
likely place to learn."
Pressed for Trvaefcee.
My aching fingera could almost have
touch - the boy. ..had .the Bold per
mitted mo to stretch out my arms, and
yet he was only Just discernible.
Only Just discernible and scarcely to
be recognised for the American In
fantryman. In any conscript caaip from
that at Ayr, Mass, to that at Annlston.
Ala the rawest reserve officer would
have censured him, for his uniform had
suffered the sea change that every
one of our uniforms Is auffering over
here. - ' -
The familiar service hat had been
replaced - by a fore-and-aft cap that
covered his ears; a Red Cross knitted
muffler hid all the lower portion of
his face; he had raggedly cut off the
skirt of his overcoat to his knees:
when he worked his toes to stimulate
lrculatlon, water gurgled in his
broken boots.
"That." he explained, evidently nod
ding toward the scene ef the explosion,
"was a trench mortar mlnenwerfer.
Mornings you can see . 'em coreln.
Ever play football Those things look
like a spiral kick-off."
Another concussion put the period to
his concluding sentence, a concussion
different from Its predecessor. I was
acquainted with the - sound that fol
lowed It, a sound for all the world like
the first drops of rain storm on
autumnal leaves. It was shrapnel, and
that meant that the enemy was find
ing a range for his bigger guns.
Beaveaa Seems Split.
The shrapnel Increased, and then
there was a minute's lull.
"Now for the big show." said BllL
I meant to ask hiiu something. Per
haps I did ask It. I don't know. I
don't even remember the tremendous
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Concltxl.il on Pas S. Column S.)
The Weather.
TESTER DAY'S Maximum temperature, 48
desrete; minimum. OS decrees.
TODAY'S Fair; moderate southerly winds.
War. ' '
LIT. en battlefront full of thrilling episodes.
Section i. pas I. .
Foreign.
Amsterdam dlppatctaes hint at revolution in
Germany. Section 1. pace 1.
BoLhrvUel acre to resume peace nesotla
ttons with Uermany. Section 1. pace 2.
National. ,
United States to to on war ration bails to
morrow. Section 2. pace l.
Punishment to fit offenses asked for Army
doctor convicted of cruelty. Section
pace e.
Hoover announces rules for food conserva.
tion. Section 1, pace s.
Wood ships greatly needed for Alaska trade.
Section J. pac -
Senator MeNary promises to work for bill
to aid IrrtsaUonlata. section l.Npace
Peace pressure tn Austria crows more pro
nounced. Beotlon 1. pace a
Secretary ' Baker -to ' answer ' Chamberlain
char(s Monday. Section I. pace 22.
Eight-hour day -order for lumbermen of Pa-
oine Coast temporarily wiuinaia. eecuon
V pec 22. t
- v ' Domestic. "
Fourth creat blisxard of 'Winter sweepa ever
Middle West. Mcuon L, pace 1
Chamberlain flooded with meaeaces ef ap
proval of hla expo or war IJepartment
Inefficiency. - section 1. pace s.
Widespread plot to cripple war activities
belns carried out. election 1. pace is.
Packers listed all Congressmen. Trade Com.
mission hears. Section 1. pace 23.
Mediation Commission will ask Wilson to
cet new trial for Mooney. convicted of
bomb murder at San Francisco. Section
1. pace 4. .
Sports.
Louis Hollocher to play with Portland this
asoo. Section 2, . pace 1.
Bronson meet. Farren here February a
Section 3. pace 3.
Portland bowlers to meet for city champlon-
snip. section x. pace z.
Eucsne Hlrh School basketball team con
tender-for state title Section X, pace 3.
Interscholastio basketball faces strenuous
nun. Section 2, pace a .
Portland Gun Club to hold shoot at Bver-
dlnc Fark today. Section 3. pace a
Hockey player's temper helps Portland to
cellar position. Section 2. pace a
O. A. C clrl students take Interest In ath
letics. Section 2. pace a
Elks and Commercial clubs -tied In Billiard
Xeacue. Section 2, pace 4.
O. A. C defeats Waablncton five IS to a
Section 2, pace 1.
Grammar school girls will swim. Section X.
pas 4. -
Faelfle Northwest.
Convicts capture Abe Rusteln, escaped pris
oner, section X. pace 1.
Searchers baffled In hunt for missing young
woman. Section 1, pace I.
Walla Walla Collece fired for fifth time In
month. Section 1. pace 2.
Grain roi era of Inland Empire need more
sacks for 1918. Section 1, pacs a
Secretary Olcott. If elected Governor, would
not appoint successor. Section 1, pace 7.
People of Sweden fear food famine. Section
1, page 7.
Election chronology prepared - by - Secretary
Olcott. Section 1. pace 8.
Hawley. of Idaho, to enter fight for Senate.
Section 1. pace a
State acrioultujiets form Federated Councils
ol union ovcuoa x. pas .
Student tells how to gat education by own
work, section 1, pace S.
Northwest- Tourist Association revises plans
for 181a Section X. pace sa. - '
. Commercial and Marine.
Potato supply In country 14S per cent larger
than year ago. beetion 2, pac la-
Government may establish maximum oats
price, section z. pace is.
flails continue strong feature ef Wall street
market, section 3. pac is.
Thirty-five of Is United States merchant
men lst in war are sailers. Section 1,
pace 21.
Plan tor Instructor of engineers of merchant
marine la proposed by shipping Board.
Section 1. pace 31.
Large lumber orders placed with Paajfle
Coast lumber mills. Section 1. page 21.
Portland and Vicinity. -
Loganberry Juice firms consolidate. Section
1. page la.
Children enthusiastic In Junior Red Cross
work. Section page 11.
Course In banking offered to people ef Port
land. Section 1. page 1
w. C A. reviews work of past year. Sec
tion 1. pace 14.
Portland Symphony Orchestra st Auditorium
this sftamoon. Section L. pace 10.
Insanity to be defence of Clarence Guy. Sec
tion 1. pace IS. . -
Lumbermen en'd pro-Gerntsnlim In North
west forests. Section 1. pace Is.
Increase tn city weter rates urcd by Super
intendent Kaiser. Section 1. pac Is.
Portland girls to organise Red Cross motor
squsdroo. Section 1, pace 17.
Commissioner Btgelow proposes to revoke
car company's ' franchises. Section 1.
pace IS.
Albert Stevene found guilty . ef attempting
to evade anti-Jitney erdlnanse. Section L,
pace 11.
Ex-Penltenttary convict eapturd after ex
cltinc street ehase. - Sctlon 1. pas IS.
Portland V. M. C A. prepares hundreds ef
. men for military service. Section 1.
pace 20.
City Council uncertain about terms of office.
Section 2. psge 14.
Portland's waterfront fnlly policed by well
armed men. Section 1. page 18.
Portland men to advertise Northwest In tour
of East. Section 1. page 22.
Weather report, data and forecast., section
2. page .
Exemption board seeks to find those falling
to report. Section 1, peg 22.
nrnm
iiv on in m
IIIHII! OHIU IU
FACE REVOLUTION
Grave Rumors Filter
Out of Empire.
BERLIN SCENE OF DISORDERS
EFFORTS TO FIND
MISSING GIRL FAIL
YOTJXG TEACHER'S DISAPPEAK-
AXCE MYSTIFIES ALIi.
Police
Ruthlessly Suppress
Bread Riots.
TEUTON LEADERS WARNED
Scbeidemann, Socialist Ieader, Says
Kaiser 3Iust Make' Peace 'Wltli
Russia or . Government Is
Doomed to Fall.
LONDON; Jan. 2. The Amsterdam
correspondent of the Express says that
extraordinary reports are current con
cerning a revolution in Germany, and
that there have been rumors of grave
disorders in Berlin during the past two
days, the rioters clamoring for peace.
He also reports bread riots, which
were ruthlessly suppressed by the po
lice, many persons being wounded.
The correspondent admits that con
firmation of these rumors is impossi
ble, but thinks that it is remarkable
that no telegrams, either press on com
mercial, were received in Holland Fri
day direct from Berlin. None of
Thursday morning's Berlin newspapers
has arrived.
SCHEIDEMAXN SOTJKDS WARNING
Socialist Leader Hints st Fall of
Government Leaders.
AMSTERDAM. Jan. 8. PMlipp
Scheideraann, president of the. Social
Democratic party in Germany, answer
ing; Chancellor von Hertllng-'s speech
In the main committee of the Reichstag;.
warned the military leaders of the im
perial government that if they did not
brine; about peace between Germany
and Russia "they would be, hurled from
power.
Scheldemann's reply to the Chancel
lor, as published in the Berliner Vor-
waerts, follows: yj ' . r-- -
The chief arguments were .advanced
by the militarist party- for the prolong
ation of the war, namely, the success of
the U-boats and the strength of our
army. But these were to nave given
s a decisive victory In six months, ac
cording to the announcement made In
1916.
'Alas! that period has Ions; since
passed and,, while the U-boat has ad
znlttedly harmed England enormously.
its chief visible effect has been the
entry of America into the war.
Rasslaa peace Blocked.
"If the United States had not entered
the war we may be sure the Russian
revolution would long; ago have brought
general peace, i
"What about the army? Suppose the
army should capture Calais and Paris;
would that mean peace? I say "no."
"Suppose the army conquered France
and England: would that mean peace?
I say "no, for we would still have to
conquer America.
- Herr Scheidemann - fiercely attacked
the militarist leaders, declaring that
their attitude toward Austria was like
ly to lose for Germany her last friend.
"If our government leaders cannot
free us from these "patriots," said the
Social Democratic leader, "they had
better go. I warn them that if they do
not bring us peace with Russia they
will be hurled from power."
Herr Scheidemann declared that an
agreement easily was possible on 11
points of Presldent,Wilson's statement.
. Alsace? Blocks Way.
"But Mr. Wilson must be told plain
ly," the speaker said, "that Alsace is
Germany's and will remain so. If one
Reported Arrival at Portland HoS'
pttal Is Not Verified Friends
'"Fear Mental Derangement.
ALBANY, Or., Jan. 26. (Special.)
Efforts to locate Miss Mignon Swanson
a young woman who was teaching
school near Halsey, and who dlsap
peared mysteriously eight days ago,
have been unsuccessful. A few days
ago relatives received word, apparently
from the young woman herself, that
she was in a Portland hospital, but she
has not been found.
A week ago last, night Miss Swanson
left the home where she was boarding
near her school, east of Halsey. saying
she was going to the home of his sister,
Mrs. Edward NltzeL near Shedd, to
spend Sunday. When she failed to ap
pear at her school last Monday morning
an investigation disclosed that she had
not gone to her sister's home.
About this time a postcard was re
celved'by the School Board, purporting
to be signed by Elsie Olson, of a Port
land employment office, suggesting
where a new teacher could be engaged.
Fhis teacher was employed. The rela
tives heard that Miss Swanson was ill
In a Portland hospital, but they have
not found her. Her brother-in-law,
Edward Nitzel. went to Portland today
to continue the search.
No reason is known for Miss Swan
son's disappearance, except that she
had been in poor health recently, and
it Is feared she may be suffering from
mental aberration.
Miss Swanson Is a daughter of John
Swanson, of Waterloo. She was a stu
dent at the University of Oregon some
years ago.
GIRLS MAY DISPLACE MEN
Police Station Switchboards Likely
. to Have Feminine Operators.
Girls or women may be put in charge
of the telephone switchboards at the
police station, replacing policemen now
assigned to that work. Plans for the
change have been taken under ad
visement. owing to the neeT for police
men for patrol service.
A civil service examination for tele.
phone operators is to be held February
5 at the City Halt If the police sta
tion change is made there will be open
lngs there for operators passing this
examination. Also one permanent ap
pointment will be made from the list
to the position of operator at the City
Hall.
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 1.)
STRAY SHOT HITS GORKY
Russian Author And Editor Slightly
Wounded While Driving.
FETROGRAD, Jan. 26. Maxim Gorky,
a widely known Russian author and
editor of the Svovodnala Zhlzn. was
struck in the neck and slightly wounded
by a stray shot while driving in a cab
today, according to a newspaper report
published here.
The shot was flredi from an unknown
source. .
GUATEMALA AGAIN SHAKEN
Capital Suffers Further Earth
Shocks; Details Unreported. - -
WASHINGTON. Jan. 26. Further
severe earthquake shocks in Guate
mala City were reported today to the
state department by the American Em
bassy there. No details of. the extent
of the damage were given.
Extensive damage was done to the
city by earthquakes last month.
1,000,000 RIFLES ORDERED
TJ. S. Army to Be Supplied With Re-
chambered Enfield Guns.
WASHINGTON, Dec 20. One million
recbambered Enfield rifles have been
ordered by the War Department from
the Remington and Winchester con
cerns.
MIDDLE 1ST HIT '
BY NEW BLIZZARD
Winter-Weary District
t Faces New Trials
STORM MOVING ON EAST GO AST
Present Disturbance. May Be
. Worst of Year.
TRAIN SERVICE GIVEN UP
Situation In Chicago and ' Other
Cities Critical . Because of the
Shortage of Fuel and Dan
ger of Great Fires.
NEW YORK. Jan. 2S. (Special.)
Snow vrnich began to fall tonight le ex
pected by the Weather Bureau to con
tinue through Sunday and be followed
by aero weather.
CHICAGO, Jan. 26. (Special.) Wea
ried to the point of exhaustion by bat
tles with three previous great bliz
zards and heavy snowfall, a large area
of the Middle West was struck last
night and today by a fresh blizzard,
accompanied by heavy snow, which may
prove the worst storm of the remark
able season.
Dispatches from Detroit announce
that snow has been- falling over that
district steadily for IS hours and is
continuing tonight. The storm is rid
ing on a high gale and may reach the
Atlantlo. Seaboard by morning.
Forecasters announce that the bliss
zard will be followed by an Intensely
cold, wave, which will continue several
days.
In the Chicago district the cold wave
is being felt tonight and the tempera
ture may reach zero by morning.
Work of Weeks Undone.
The situation is extremely serious.
The railroads are abandoning their
trains tonight as the snow has drifted
In all the cuts and undone the work of
three weeks. The trains are now run
ning through tunnels of snow. -r
Piled high on each side of the tracks
are great Icy walls of snow, shoveled
up at the cost of thousands of dollars.
Between these snow walls the trains
have been running, but this blizzard
may efface the walls and pile high the
snow on the tracks again.
The great Fox River Valley is rap
idly being snowed in. Announcement
was made this evening that the Aurora
& Elgin lnterurban system has used
its last shovelful of coal and shut down
all trains.
Light and Heat Shot Off.
This system also supplies a number
of cities ranging In population from
10,000 to 75,000 with heat, light and
power, and these cities tonight are
without light and heat, except as in
dividuals possess it. ,
Tracks of the lnterurban, running
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 8.)
READ THE RECORD OF GER
MANY'S PERFIDY IX
' TURKEY.
Dr. Harry Stuermer. who for
two years was correspondent In
Constantinople of the- Cologne
Gazette and who is himself a
German, has written an amazing
serial of bis experiences and has
set forth the causes which finally
compelled him to break away ut
terly from his German affiliations.
This recital will appear In daily
Installments in The Oregon Ian.
dally and Sunday,
within the next fe
n..f n a. ,m.11 nl a
miss it. .
T
ie uregoman, t
y. beginning t
ew days and I
npleted. Don't f
v
e
e
PICTORIAL SIDELIGHTS BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON SOME EVENTS IN THE PAST WEEK'S NEWS.
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