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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1917)
VOL. XXXVI. '0. '38.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTI331BER 23, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
GENERAL SCOTT TO
SEE BATTLE FRONT
BY GERMAN'S DIARY
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
F or PLOia
EX-CHIEF OF STAFF WILL BE
RECALLED TO ACTIVE Dt'TY.
DISCOVERY IS AXSOCXCED BY
PRICE FOR WHEAT
Portland is Terminal
by Hoover Order.
Intrigue Against Peace
ful Land is Clear.
SPY SYSTEM WIDE-SPREAD
German Aid for Irish Revolu
tion Drags in Name of
New York Justice.
HOLLAND IS INVOLVED
Trouble Fomented in Munition
Plants and Thousands
u Spent in Publicity,
' WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. Further
disclosures of far-reaching German
propaganda, Intrigues and plots in
this country prior to the diplomatic
break with Germany were made today
by the committee on public informa
tion. In a bulletin styled "Official Ex
pose," the committee quotes numer
ous letters and extracts from letters
seized by the Department of Justice
in April, 1916, in a raid upon the New
York office of Wolfe von Igel.
i German Embassy Involved.
Von Igel, in carrying on this mani
fold pro-German and anti-American
activities, the documents show, was in
constant touch with the German Em
bassy and with Count von Bernstorff,
German Ambassador to the United
"In the form of letters, telegrams,
notations, checks, receipts, registers,
cash books, cipher codes, lists of spies
and other memoranda and records,"
the committee says, "were ound in
dications in some instances of the
vaguest nature, in others of the most
damning conclusiveness that the
German imperial government, through
its representatives in a then friendly
nation, was concerned with
i American Laws Violated.
"Violation of the laws of the United
"Destruction of lives and property
in merchant vessels on the high seas.
"Irish revolutionary plots against
"Fomenting ill-feeling against the
United States in Mexico.
"Subornation of American writers
"Financing of propaganda.
! Spy System Maintained.
"Maintenance of a spy system un
der the guise of a commercial inves
"Subsidizing of a bureau for the
purpose of stirring up labor troubles
in munition plants.
"The bomb industry and other re
The committee, of which Secretaries
Lansing, Baker and Daniels are mem
bers, and George Creel, chairman, has
this to say concerning Holland:
"It has long been an open secret
that Holland is merely a way-station
tConrludedon Page 4. Column t-
fTHT- j89HMfg&e n a specie us. capitol:I -WSffM U
Observation Tour of European TVar
Zone to Be Preparatory to Com
manding Training Area.
WASHINGTON. Sept 22. There )
reason to believe that Major-General
Hush L. Scott, who automatically re
tired today as chief of the Army Gen
eral Staff, soon will see. the battle
fields of Europe, although the only of
ficial statement as to the duty he will
undertake when recalled to active serv
ice is Secretary Baker's announcement
that it will be in connection with the
training of troops In the United States.
' An observation tour In France and
England appears probable, as prepara
tion for active command of a training:
area or division. '
General Scott saw the Russian of
fensive in Galicia when he was with
the Root mission.
Orders . recalling- General Scott to
active service will be Issued tomorrow,
having; been prepared today when he
was succeeded as chief by Major-General
Tasker K. Bliss.
FRANCE RULES ON LIQUOR
Heavy Penalties Provided for Repe
tition of Public Drunkenness.
PARIS. Friday, Sept. 21. The Cham
ber of Deputies today adopted a bill
ag-ainst drunkenness in public places,
which, having already passed the Sen
ate, now becomes a law.
The bill has been back and forth be
tween the two houses for more than
The measure provides punishment by
fines and imprisonment. Persons in
curring four convictions within three
years may be deprived of the right to
vote or to be elected to office, to carry
arms, to serve as jurors, and may also
be deprived of parental rights over
WAR AFFECTS SCHOLARSHIP
Whitman College Women Make
Better Showing Than Men.
WHITMAN COLLEGE, Walla Walla,
Wash.. Sept. 22. (Special.) The schol
arshlp records of the various groups
in Whitman College for the year 1916
1917 have just been issued by the reg
lstrar. These records show the effect
of the war upon the men students
last . Spring, for the averages of the
women are above the average of the
college, while- all men's groups fall
below that line.
Another Interesting feature is that
the fraternity men and women have a
better average than these not belong'
lug to those organizations.
"PERSONAL SPY" INTERNED
Dr.-Karl . Graves Asserts He Acts
.Direct for Kaiser.
KANSAS CITT, Sept. 22. Internment
of Dr. Karl Armgaard Graves, claiming
to be the Kaiser's personal spy, was or
dered today in a telegram to Federal
authorities from Attorney-General
Gregory. He was taken to the Federal
prison at Leavenworth. Kas.. where he
will be confined for the duration of the
Graves was arrested here August 18
by Federal agents as an enemy alien.
SOLDIERS TOOPEN FAIR
Guardsmen Will Be Guests of Board
at Salem Tomorrow.
SALEM, Or., Sept. 22. (Special.)
The remainder of the soldiers at Clack
amas will be gueits at the opening of
the State Fair Monday. Word was
received today from the War Depart
ment that the guardsmen will be here.
A big reception will be held for the
soldiers, at which Governor Withy
combe will speak. The khaki-clad lads
will be the guests of the State Fair
Sweetheart Victim of
SUICIDE FOLLOWS DISCOVERY
Booklet of Hans von Tuebinger
Replete With Thrills.
RECORD SAVED BY STEALTH
Transfer From First Vessel Wel
comed, as Members of. Crew Are
Declared "o Like Their Busi
ness of Butchery Too Well.
(Copyrlrht. 1017, bv the Xew fork Herald
Company. All Rights Reserved. Copy
right Canada bv New YnrV HaraM Com
pany. Translated from the original
um.ii uy irving tt. t$acon.
Not the least of the pleasures since
my arrival at Stockholm " has been
the meeting- with Sven Larsen,
whom I knew in the gymnasium, quite
by accident, while sipping coffee at the
Opera ICaeliaren. He took me to his
home and I found his father, Lars Lar
sen, and mother and sister (I believe
her name is Minna) most charming- peo
ple. The father Is an old sea dog, but
full of good-natured raillery. The
daughter is very good looking, remind
ing me of a Graetchen In come "Faust"
production that I have seen.
Sven has studied a great deal since
we left school and speaks on all sub
jects with an air of authority. Our
conversation was of beauty, inspired,
no doubt, by the good looks of his sis
ter. She left the room soon after this
subject was broached. Her modesty
made her forbear taking part In a dis
cussion of which she was so eminent
a living exposition and exemplar, yet
lacked theories about.
Beauty Topi of Debate.
I maintained that beauty was a sort
of national affair varying in accord
ance with the standards of the various
nations. Sven Insisted that It was
something deeper and more, philosoph
ical. "It is the outward expression of the
perfect agreement of the parts with the
entire organism, in relation to the pur
pose for which the organism is in
tended," he said tersely. Scarcely know
ing whether I had understood him, I
nevertheless ventured the query: "What
is the criterion as to this concord of
the parts to the whole and also as to
the purpose for which the organism is
Mole Taken, as Example.
"Have you ever seen a mole?" he
"When I had answered affirmatively,
"Then you have noticed the big
shovel-like paws. Well, they were made
of that shape for shoveling. Shoveling
is the chief occupation of a mole
throughout its life. Its eyes are little
better than rudimentary. It does not
need eyes, digging, as it does, nearly
all the time in darkness beneath the
surface of the earth. Shovel-like paws
and barely perceptible, sightless eyes
are features of beauty about a mole.
They would disfigure an eagle. Just as
the wings of an eagle and lis large,
intelligent eyes would look hideous in
a mole. What an awful monstrosity
hands would be on a tree! Why? Be
cause a tree does not require them to
fulfil any of the purposes of Its ex
istence. Man needs them for a thousand
different purposes. Hence their beauty.
Adaptability of means to an end, Hans
(Continued on Page 7.)
THESE EVENTS IN THE
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 61
decrees; minimum, C4 degrees,
TODAY'S Unsettled. probably showers:
moderate southwesterly winds.
Expose gives new proof of German plots.
Section 1, page 1.
Tragredy revealed by German U-boat officer's
diary. Section 1. pace 1.
British warships bombard Ostend. Section 1.
Five steamers and two British destroyer re
ported sunk. Section 1. page 2.
Argentina sends ultimatum to Germany.
Section 1. page 1.
Entente awaits second note from Pope be
fore discussing peace. Section 1. page 3.
American troops to be equipped for hand-to-hand
fighting. Section 1, page 6.
Pope wltl send second peace proposal, based
on replies to first note. Section 1. page 3.
Justice Cohalan denies knowledge of views
quoted by Von Igel. Section 1. page 4.
Astronomer announces discovery of cause of
fluctuations of moon in its orbit. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Texas Senate sustains 10 of St Impeachment
charges against Governor Ferguson. Sec
tion 1. page 5.
Italian airplanes hover over National capitaL
Section 1, page S.
Northwest wheat growers win signal vic
tory in getting1 $2.05 basic price for
Portland and sound delivery. Section 1,
General Scott to see European battlefields.
Section 1, page 1.
Insurance section of civil rights bill to be
redrafted. Section 1, page 8.
Hope of settling ship strike by temporary
wage agreement is seen, section l,
Conferees define "capital" in war tax bill.
Section 2, page 16.
Freshmen " rule to remain unchanged In
Northwest Conference. Section 2t page 1.
Speaker cuts down Cobb's lead in batting.
Section 2, page 2.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 5,
Oakland 0: Los Angeles 3-3, Vernon, 1-0:
tian Francisco 2, Seattle 1. Section 2,
Boxers training for fight here next Friday
night. Section 2, page 2.
Seal fans expect their team to capture pen
nant. Section 2, page 2.
Eastern college gridiron teams out. Section
2. page 3.
Oregon football hopes bright. Section 2,
Big classes turn out at Portland Turnverein.
Section 2, page 3.
Scholastic football teams ready for kick-off.
Section 2, page 3.
Pheasant season opens October 1. Section 2,
Mat and ring to see new faces. Section 2,
Viftv thousand athletes to be in big under
taking at Camp Lewis. Section 2, page 4.
Good golf form is deemed essential. Section
2. page 4.
Baker's only cemetery con be made ev-
cluslve burial ground. Judge holds. Sec
tion 1. page 2.
McEachern f'ompiny appeals to patriotism
of shipbuilders. Section 2, page tt.
Six new champions win at Pendleton Round
up. Section 1, Page 8.
Scandinavians to appear In big festival at
Salem today, section a. page a.
Shad O. Krantz. for seven years with The
Oregonian, appointed member of faculty
Of University OI uregon. oecuon
Philomath College hss 50-year work. Sec
tion 1, page 10. -
Major-General Greene Issues appeal for funds
for war libraxy. fcei)on z. page jb.
Portland and Vicinity.
C. A. Steele writes of Slam's advent Into
war. Section 1, page 5.
Theater managers to aid officials to stamp
out immorality among young gins, sec
tion 1, page 12.
Irrlngton Club's plans for Winter announced.
Section 1, page 12.
Manager McGettlcan makes annual Or-
pheum announcement. Section 1, page
Sumpter Valley rate case heard by Inter
state Commerce "Commission, section l
i page 13.
United States Attorney makes statement re
garding offenses of now defunct Deutsche
Zeltung. section l, page x.
Oregon cavalry at Camp Greene. Section 1,
Poultry ihow December 3 to S planned on
extensive scale. Section 1. page 11.
Colonel Young, local recruiting officer, tells
how to address mall to soldiers in Lu
rope. Section 1. page 16.
Plans for Reed opening to be discussed by
faculty. Section 1, page 17. M
Oregon dairymen form protective organiza
tion. Section 1, page 17.
Forces marshaled for library drive. Sec
tion 1. page IS.
New building code to be considered by City
Commissioners next Wednesday. Sec
tion 1. page 18.
War-time menu to be commenced in Port
land cafes Tuesday. Section 1, page 19.
Health officials and fruit dealers agree to
co-operate in barring bad fruit from mar
ket. Section 1, page 10.
Money pledged to Red Cross has not been
paid. Section 1. page 19.
Debate on proposed 6-eent carfare held at
Civic League luncheon. Section 2, page 6.
Movement of drafted men the biggest seen
so far In Port-wTid. Section 2, page 16.
Shipyards plan to resume work, tomorrow.
Section 2, page 6.
Portland shipbuilders expect Washington
conferences will be renewed Monday. Sec
tion 1. page 10.
Captain Boehm ex-Portland resident. Sec
tion 1. page 4.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2. page t.
WEEK'S NEWS IMPRESSED CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
FARMERS WIN SIGNAL VICTORY
Figures Show Lack of Ton
nage on Pacific False.
GROWERS ARE SATISFIED
Volley, of Tacts Fired by Northwest
Congressional Delegation and
Producers Batters Down
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington, Sept. 22. Food Administrator
Hoover, after consultation this morn
ing with M. H. Houser, of Portland, and
Julius Barnes, head of the Government
wheat corporation, at which the pro
test of the Northwestern farmers was
discussed and digested, announced the
establishment of a base wheat price of
$2.05, No. 1 Northern or equivalent, at
Portland, Seattle and Tacoma for bulk
wheat, with the usual premium (5 cents
per sack) for sacked wheat.
Wheat below grade will he pur
chased b the food - administration on
Sigrtial Victory AVob.
Thus the delegation of wheat growers,
backed and supported by the unani
mous congressional delegations from
Oregon. Washington and Idaho, won a
signal victory and forced the food ad
ministration to back down from its
original Stand in opposition to their
As the announcement of Mr. Hoover's
order is made officially, there will be
no need of taking a further appeal to
The. farmers who came to "Washing
ton to present their case are entirely
satisfied with the result. Reversal of
the first stand of the food administra
tion was brought about by the presenta
tion of cold facts aftd clear logic.
Fmclfle Tonnase Soo. Available.
Mr. Hoover and Mr. Barnes could
not hold out against the showing that
the Chicago price, with a 20-cent dif
ferential, worked a discrimination
against Northwestern wheat growers
no more could they hold out where the
wheatgrowers produced official figures
to show that there is or soon will be
available on the Pacific Coast three
times the amount of American ocean
tonnage, necessary . to . move the 11,-
000,000 bushels of wheat available for
And, on the question of tonnage, the
wheat men today produced new, but
official, figures showing that in ad
dition to the American tonnage avail
able on the Pacific Coast there is today
engaged in trade through the Panama
Canal British tonnage which could, if
so desired, move five times the amount
of wheat -to be offered for export in the
Brief Announcement 9Iade.
When the delegation of wheatgrow
ers. Senators and Representatives
called at Mr. Hoover's olfice this morn
ing they found him concluding an
hour's conference with Mr. Houser and
Mr. Barnes. .At that conference tha
three food officials had studied care
fully the facts presented to the Presi
dent, a transcript of the White House
conference having been sent over by
the President. They also considered
the briefs of the wheat delegation.
At that preliminary conference the
decision was reached to grant the
farmers substantially what they asked
for. Mr. Hoover, in few words, an
(Concluded on Page :i. Column S.)
yo & stj- yo yss
0 7VS &J?SVSro
Earth Weakens Sun AVaves, Causing
Motions of Moon, Which Have
Heretofore Defied Calculations.
ST. LOUIS, Mo, Sept. 22. The cause
of the fluctuation of the motion of the
moon in its orbit, which long has been
a puzzle to astronomers, has been dis
covered by Professor T. J. J. See, di
rector of the Naval Observatory at
Mare. Island, Cat., according to a state
ment which he gave out today. Profes
sor See has been here- visiting his
mother in Montgomery City, Mo.
Professor See states that the electro-
dynamic waves. of the sun, which, he
announced two yeara ago. are the
force of gravitation in the solar sys
tem modified, are modified as to the
moon because the force is exerted
through the mass of the earth. This
interposition of the earth between the
sun and moon causes the electro-dy-
n&mic waves of the sun to undergo
circular refraction, dispersion and ab
sorption. This, said Professor See,
weakens the action of the sun on the
moon when that satellite is near the
shadow of the earth, as at the time of
lunar eclipses, and causes the fluctua
tions in the moon's revolution in its
"For 60 years, said Professor See,
"the motion of the moon) has defied
calculations, and astronomers have
been greatly puzzled by the departure
of the moon from its predicted place.
In 1878 Professor Newcomb furnished
an elaborato Investigation showing
that the moon's motion is irregular and
from that day to this the irregular!
ties of the moon have defied all as
tronomers and mathematicians."
Professor See's announcement states
that the irregularities in the moon's
motion may be calculated and that
thereby the accuracy of the predicted
places in its orbit may be increased
He regards his discovery as corrobor
ative of his theory of the cause of
gravitation. He has sent a report
to the Royal Astronomical Society,
London,- and to scientific societies in
Paris, London and Edinburgh.
POTATO PEEL GOOD SEED
Fine Crop Is Produced by. Aberdeen
ABERDEEN," "Wash.. Sept. 22. (Spe
cial.) Two sacks of as fine Wash
ington Beauty potatoes as one would
wish for were raised here by Joe
Pavelitch, a restaurant man, from
gallon can full of potato pealings
gathered at his restaurant. He put but
one eye in a hill as a rule and some
times two, and never more, yet each
hill produced from eight to 13 spuds,
most of which weigh around' half a
The ground was heavily fertilized,
and a little of the potato was left
around each eye.
T. R. NOW NEWSPAPER MAN
Colonel Puts In Morning at Desk In
Kansas City Star Office.
KANSAS CITT, Sept. 22. Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt made his debut as
a member of the newspaper profession
today when he spent the morning at
his desk in the office of the Kansas
City Star, to which newspaper he is to
be a contributor and a member of its
Colonel Roosevelt is here to make a
speech Monday night during the "pa
triotic week" celebration. -
SHOWERS ARE PREDICTED
Week's Forecast for Northwest Says
"Occasional Rain." J
WASHINGTON. Sept. 22. Weather
predictions for the week beginning:
Sunday, issued by the weather bureau
Pacific States Fair weather over
southern and occasional rains over
& 0 yyor
Formal Statement De
manded of Berlin.
TWO COURSES ARE POSSIBLE
Action Depends on German
Attitude Toward Course
Taken by Luxburg.
APPROVAL HELD INSULT
Declaration of War Would Re-
suit in Few Changes in
BUENOS AIRES, Sept. 22. The
Argentine government has sent an
ultimatum to Germany.
In its note the government de
mands a formal statement from the
German government of its attitude
toward the behavior of its Minister,
Count von Luxburg, and a repetition
of the promises made respecting Ar
gentine shipping, in connection with
the Toro settlement.
Verbal Explanation Insufficient.
The Argentine government has re
ceived no explanations from Berlin
since the disclosures by the American
Secretary of State, except a verbal
statement from Baron von Dem Bus-sche-Haddenhausen,
of the German Foreign Office, made
through Dr. Molina, the Argentine
Minister to Berlin, which Argentina
. The Argentina Foreign Minister
made a statement in the Chamber of
Deputies today regarding the situ
ation and it was understood that the
Radicals had prepared a resolution
which they intended to introduce, de
claring a state of war already exists
Reply Anxiously Awaited.
The government is anxiously await
ing Berlin's response before deciding
on a rupture of relations or a declara
tion of war, and,, according to the
Foreign Office, if the German gov
ernment's reported appreciation of
Von Luxburg is confirmed, Argentina
will consider it an insult and declare
war immediately. If no confirmation
of this report is forthcoming, only a
rupture of relations is likely.
A declaration of war would result
in a shake-up in the Cabinet, several
of the Ministers maintaining that no
cause for war exists, although a ma
jority of the -Ministers and the public
generally are willing to follow the
government even into war.
Mass Meeting Favors War.
A great mass meeting was held to
day and there was a unanimous call
for an immediate break with Germany.
SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 22. The
Chilean papers are discussing the vote
in the Argentine Senate relative to a
rupture with Germany. They charac-
(Concluded on Page 2. Coiumn 2.)