The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, August 19, 1917, Section One, Image 1

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    74 Pages
Six Sections
t
i
may
VOL. XXXVI. NO. 33.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 19, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Section One
Pages 1 to20,
I IEJ M liJ
OREGON WILL HAVE
QUOTA BEFORETIFIE
717 Men Will Be Ready
for Army Service.
558 ALREADY ARE CERTIFIED
Few Are Likely to Win Exemp
tion by Appeals.
ONLY THIRD NEEDED SOON
Margin of Safety- for First Call,
September 5, Is Regarded as Se
cure District Boards Hasten
to Offset Early Handicap.
Oregon -will be fully ready ahead
fcf time- to turn over to the Federal
Government Its quota of 717 men for
the first draft.
This is In spite of a handicap of five
days In the starting1 of the ' draft
machinery In the state, due to delay
of the Postoffice Department in de
livering the official lists of draft num
bers to. Adjutant-General George A.
9 White.
Reports received by The Oregonlan
C from all but two of the 22 counties
from all 22 of 1h counties that Tnnst
furnish quotas on tne first draft show
that more than half the number of men
required have been selected.
558 Men Certified.
The local exemption boards of these
counties have certified to the three dis
trict appeal boards the names of 658
men who have been called up for mil
itary service and are not exempted or
discharged.
In other words, these men have been
passed by the local exemption boards
for military service. The number, of
course. Includes many whose applica
tions for exemption or discharge have
been denied by the local boards.
Some of these men, the greater num
ber. In fatt, have taken their "medi
cine" stoically and have decided not to
appeal.
Few Likely to Be Exempt.
Others have appealed to . the dis
trict boards, whose functions In such
cases are those of appellate bodies.
iio rlsid Is the policy of the district
boards, however, as to the question of
granting exemptions or discharges that
only a small proportion of the 658 stand
much chance of winning their appeals.
On the other hand, a large number
of claims for exemptions or discharges
on the ground of dependency that have
been granted by the local boards, are
i Jtomatically appealed to the district
boards for review.
The' district boards have adopted the
policy In such cases of requiring that
it must be shown that a. dependent will
become a burden on the community if
the man for whom the exemption is
asked should be drafted', before they
will grant the claim.
Industrial Claims Welshed.
The district boards also pass ex
clusively on all claims for Industrial
exemptions. Including employment In
agriculture. On this subject, too, the
boards have agreed to excuse no per
son whose labor is not shown to be
urgently needed.
So, of 558 men of the 717 required
In the state's first draft quota already
certified to the district boards as not
exempted or discharged, it is conserva
tive to estimate that at least 400, or
more than half the quota, will be held.
The mobilization regulations Just is
sued by the War Department require
that only 30 per cent of the first draft
quota will be taken In the first call,
which is to be made September 5. Ore-
Concluded on Page 18. Column 1.)
X T '
. i ' ' i ' .'
EGGS WILL BE HIGH
HERE THIS WINTER
EXPERT SAYS PEOPLE WDLXj PAY
60 TO 70 CENTS A DOZEN.
Poultry Raisers Making Mistake of
Lives, Says President McClanahan,
When They Sell Their Hens.
EUGENE, Or., Aug. 18. (Special.)
Because of high price of feed small
flocks of poultry in the state are being
reduced at a nalarming rate, according
reduced at an alarming rate, according
E. J. McClanahan, president of the Ore
gon State Poultry Breeders' Associa
tion. He asserted that many of the
people in the cities are disposing of all
their chickens, and that poultry raisers
who had 180 chickens last Winter will
average but 100 chickens during the
coming Winter, according to present in
dications.
"As a result of the reduction In the
number of laying hens, says Mr. Mc
Clanahan, "the people of Oregon will
pay from 60 to 75 cents per dozen and
possibly even higher prices, for eggs
during the. coming Winter, as compared
with 40 cents last Winter.
"The poultry raisers are making the
mistake of their lives when they sell
their hens at 14 cents a pound. My ad
vice is that they keep all hens. They
will make big money before Spring and
at the same time perform a patriotic
service by helping keep down the cost
of living."
Mr. McClanahan says corn Is one of
the best feeds for chickens, and with
prospects of the greatest corn crop In
the history of the Nation it Is not im
probable that poultrymen In this state
will get together and ship in corn dur
ing the coming Winter, providing as
cheap feed as possible.
HOPE FOR BISHOP IS SLIGHT
Condition of Right Rev. Alplionsus
Joseph Glorleux Is Unchanged.
The condition of Right Rev. Alphon
sus Joseph Glorleux. Bishop of Idaho,
who Is seriously ill at St. Vincent's
Hospital, remained unchanged yester
day. Little hope is entertained for his
recovery.
Bishop Glorleux was brought to Port
land from Boise several weeks ago,
and entered St. Vincent's Hospital to
receive treatment. He is 73 years old.
STOCK BRINGSHIGH PRICE
Canadian Breeders Pay $25,000 for
Albina Josle King.
BUFFALO, Aug. 18. Canadian
breeders from Alberta closed a deal
today with Oliver Cabana, Jr., for the
purchase of Albina Josie King, a son
of Albina Josie, for $25,000. They also
took two yearling daughters of Rag
Apple Horndyke for $5000 each.
The three animals will form the
nucleus of " a Holstein herd in. the
Northwest.
CAR LEAVES FOR SOUTH
Defense Highway Pathfinder to
Reach Los Angeles Monday.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 18. The path
finder automobile of the Pacific Coast
Council of Defense, mapping a military
highway from the Canadian to the
Mexican border along the coast, left
here today at 11:38 A. M., en route to
Los Angeles to TIa Juana.
It was expected the car would arrive
at Los Angeles early next Monday
morning.
SHOWERS ARE PROBABLE
Weather Bureau Predicts Normal
Temperatures for Week.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 Weather
predictions for the week" beginning
Sunday, issued today by the Weather
Bureau, are:
Pacific States Generally fair, except
for occasional local showers on North
Pacific Coast. Normal temperature.
TELLS OF
TREATY INCIDENT
Refusal to Sign Is
Prompt and Tart.
AMERICAN VIRTUAL PRISONER
Access to Cables, Mail and
Telephones Is Refused.
PARTY LEAVES BERLIN
Journey to Switzerland Uneventful,
l'ew People Stare at Embassy
Party, but No Demonstrations
Take Place, Even In Berlin.
.,. BT JAMES W. GERARD.
On my return to the Embassy I found
Count Montgelas, who, with the rank of.
Minister, was at the head of the depart
ment which included American affairs
In the Foreign Office.
I asked Montgelas why I had not re
ceived my passports, and he said that
I was being kept back because the Im
perial government did not know what
had happened to Count Bernstorff and
there had been rumors that the German
ships "in America had been confiscated
by our Government. I answered that I
was quite sure that Bernstorff was be
ing treated with every courtesy and
that the German ships had not been
confiscated, and said:
Burden of Proof Shifted.
"I do not see why I have to disprove
your idea that Bernstorff is being mal
treated and -the German ships confis
cated. It seems to me It is for you
to prove this, and at any event, why
don't you have the Swiss government,
which now represents you, cable to
their minister in Washington and ge.
the exact facts?"
He replied: "Well, you know the
Swiss are not used to cabling."
Peculiar Clauses Added.
He then produced a paper which, was
a reaffirmation of the treaty between
Prussia and the United States of 1799,
with some very extraordinary clause?
added. He asked me to read this over
and either to sign It or to get authority
to sign it, saying that If It were not
signed It would be very difficult for
Americans to leave the country, par
ticularly the American correspondents.
I read this treaty over and then said:
"Of course, I cannot sign this on my
own responsibility; and I will not cable
to my Government unless I may cable
In cipher and give them my opinion of
this document." He said, "That is im
possible." This treaty was as follows:
"Agreement between Germany and
the United States of America concern
ing the treatment of each other's citi
zens and their private property aftei
the severance of diplomatic relations.
ARTICLE I.
"After the severance of diplomatic
relations between Germany and the
United States of America and In the
event of the outbreak of war between
the two powers the citizens of either
party and their private property In the
territory of the other party shall be
treated according to Article 23 of the
treaty of amity and commerce between
Prussia and the United States of 11th
July, 1799, with the following explan
atory and supplementary clause:
ARTICLE II.
"German merchants in the United
States and American merchants In Ger
many shall so far as the treatment of
their persons and their property is con
cerned be held In every respect on a
par with the other persons mentioned
(Concluded on Pag 5, Column 2.)
GERARD
TIMELY TOPICS OF NEWS INTERPRETED PICTORIALLY
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 84
degrees; jnlniraum, 59 degrees.
TODAY'S ralr; moderate wisds. mostly
northerly. 1
War.
Seamen of entente and neutral nations ad
vised to boycott German shipowners and
sailors after war. Section 1, page 5.
English and German craft clash without
losses. Section x. page 4.
Russian force regains offensive on Caucasian
front, Section 1. page 2.
German, press foresees Belgian enmity after
war. Section 1, page !. -
Ex-Ambassador Gerard tells of attempt to
revive ancient treaty. Section 1, page 1.
French capture two well-armed German re
doubts. Section 1, page 1.
Russian Amazons demonstrate heroism.
Section 1, page 4.
foreign.
Explosives plant In Quebec destroyed by
fire and explosions. Section 1. page 4.
National.
Government prepares to talce over entire coal
Industry. Section 1, page 3.
Senate eliminates tax on bank checks, drafts
and certificates of deposit. Section 1,
Page 10.
Drafted man failing to appear for exami
nation to be denied right to appeal for
exemption. Section 3, page 6.
Eleven billion dollar war fund asked by
Administration. Section 1, page 6.
Senators consider drastic bill to control
1. W. W. activities. Section 1, page 5.
Further economy In use of wheat is neces
sary, says Hoover. Section. 1. page 2.
Domestic.
Representative Rankin condemns "rustling
card' system. Section 1, page 3.
Sports.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 7,
Oakland 0; Salt Lake 8, San Francisco 7;
Los Angeles 2-3, Vernon 3-1. Section 2,
page 2.
Northwest anglers will vie at Seattle August
25 and 2. Section 2, page 2.
Roush, of Cincinnati, gains in batting aver
age In National League. Section 2, page 2.
High school elevens will miss veteran play
ers. Section 2, page 3.
Draft call thins ranks of baseball stars.
Section 2. page 3.
College football is near at hand, faction
2, page 3.
Darkness halts two great tennis battles on
Laurethurst courts. Section 2, page 4.
Grand American handicap shoot to be held
in Chicago this week. Section 2, page 4.
Rudolph With elm wins Oregon state golf
championship. Section 2. page 4.
Mitchle is unable to meet Wagner this
week. Section 2, page o.
Taclflc Northwest.
I. W. "W. organisation has fund to carry on
strike. Section 1, page 1.
Arthur Freeman slays John Nevln and self
at Whitebird. Idaho. Section 1, page 1-
State authority predicts eggs at 70 cents
a dozen this Winter. Section 1, page 1.
Successors to Juri ges Gantenbeln and Davis
already selected. Section 1, page 7.
Governor Lister appeals to President Wilson
to help solve troubles in lumber Industry.
Section 2, page 5.
Extension director named at Oregon Agri
cultural College. Section 1, page 7.
University of Oregon appeals to young men
to continue studies. , Section 1. page 9.
Mother of three boys who won commissions
gives them to country with pride. Sec
tion 1, page 8.
Oregon and California officials and citizens
to confer today on coast highway. Sec
tion .1, page S.
Commercial and Marine.
Merchants Exchange adopts contract grades
for oats and barley. . Section 2, page 13.
Big advances in prices ot Oriental teas.
Section 2, page 13.
Wheat trading at Chicago is insignificant.
Section 2. page 13.
Insurance demand or Oregon shipbuilders
brings hot reply to Commissioner Wells.
Section 2, page 14.
Steamer Columbia, owned by Shipping
Board, arrives in port. Section 2, page 14.
New flag for United States merchane ma
rine designed. Section 2, page 14,
Real Estate and Building-.
Inside parcel brings $00,000. Section 3,
page 10.
Rentors accused of neglect to families. Sec
tion 3, page 10.
Building is brisk. Section 3, page 10.
Automobiles and Ro&ds.
Mount Hood loop is delightful trip for
autolsls. Section 4, page 8.
New York attorney says beauties of Colum
bia River Highway are unsurpassed.
Section 4, page 10.
Government authorities think high price of
gasoline will curtail its use. Section 4,
page 9.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon will have draft quota before time
limit. Section 1, page 1.
War courses planned in Y. M. C. A. edu
cational department. Section 1, page 13.
Aeroplane designed to soar against wind Is
being built at St. Johns. Section 1,
puge 15.
Land Products Show poster prize won by
Charles Lebengood. Section 1, page 17.
Travelers' Protective Association picnics on
Council Crest. Section 2, page 5.
Government allows Oregon 20OO rifles for
state defense. Section 1, page 9.
City Council will hold 'hearing on opening
Terwilliger boulevard to all traffic. Sec
tion 1. page 14.
Acting Fire Marshal Young may be elim
inated. Section 1, page 17.
W. B. Ayer, Oregon Federal food com
missioner. Issues appeal. Section 1,
page 13.
Portland men from many walks win Army
commissions. Section 1. page Hi.
Chamber of Commerce representative re
ports upon Crater Lake as tourist prop
osition. Section 1. page 12.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2. page 14.
. W. W. HAVE FUND
TO CONDUCT STRIKE
Understudies Provided
in Case of Arrest.
NO INVESTIGATION ORDERED
Spokane Officials Appeal to
Governor for Aid.
BLOODSHED IS PREDICTED
Stale Laws Declared Inadequate to
Meet Situation and Prosecutor
Says Blow Is Aimed at
Nation's War Strategy
SPOKANE, Wash., Aug". 18. Money Is
coming- into the headquarters here of
the Industrial "Workers of the World
to conduct the general strike of the
organization called among the con
struction and agricultural workers for
next Monday, officials of the organiza
tion said.
The strike was called, according to
the official announcements, as a pro
test against the holding of Industrial
Workers of the World in Jail in Wash
ington, Idaho, Montana and Oregon,
without, it ' is alleged, charges being
preferred against them. A demand for
an eight-hour day Is also involved.
Investigation Declared Courted.
No Federal or state investigator has
been to the Industrial Workers of the
World headquarters here to consult
with the organization officials, it was
said. Men with authority to investi
gate, it was said, would be welcomed,
and that tho position of the Industrial
Workers would be given freely.
Additional replies were received from
the organizers and members in the four
states saying that the strike order
would be obeyed.
Fire Fighters Told to Stay.
Plans proposed in some quarters to
arrest the leaders of the strike move
ment apparently do not worry Secre
tary Rowan. He said that his organi
zation always prepares for such emer
gencies, and that if he is arrested his
understudy will sit In as district sec
retary. - Each official of the organiza
tion, according to Rowan, has a num
ber of men who can substitute for him
in case the organization's officials are
arrested.
Rowan declared that Industrial
Workers of the World who are fighting
fires in forests of Idaho, Montana and
Washington have been advised to re
main on the jobs until the fires are
extinguished.
The city and county officials Joined
in an appeal to Governor Lister today
to take action against the Industrial
Workers of the World who threaten a
general strike beginning Monday.
Mayor Fleming was the only official
who refused to agree to a demand for
Federal troops and this was eliminated
from the appeal.
The appeal asserts that the I. W. W.
situation in this vicinity Is rapidly be
coming a serious menace to the com
munity. Crops are in danger of not
being harvested due to activities of the
I. W. W. organization, which apparent
ly has headquarters here, the peti
tion reads.
Laws Declared Lacking.
"Sufficient evidence is not obtain
able under existing state laws to prose
cute the criminal element of this un
patriotic organization anc' the popula
tion of this section of the state has
been 'aroused to such an extent that
sooner or later there may be blood
shed," the appeal says.
"Technically, the offenses are not
against state or city laws, but rather
against the Government of the United
;Concluded on Page 4. Cf.'umn 1.)
BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
SCHOOL BOARD ROW
ENDS IN TRAGEDY
ARTHUR FREEMAN KILLS JOHN
KEVIN AND HIMSELF.
Slayer Said to Have Believed Victim
Opposed RcrdecUon of Sister
as School Director.
GRANGEVILLE." Idaho, Aug. IS.
(Special.) John Nevin was shot and in
stantly killed at Whitebird, 20 miles
southwest of here, today by Arthur
Freeman, according to a report tele
phoned to the Sheriffs office. After
shooting Nevln, Freeman walked
across the street to the church and
shot himself. He lived about two hours,
according to reports.
The story of the shooting is to the
effect that Nevln, who was manager of
the Salmon River Stores Company, was
walking home to lunch and reading a
newspaper, when Freeman accosted
him. Freeman immedi.-.tely opened fire,
two bullets taking effect in Nevin's
breast, Nevin fell to the ground, ac
cording to an eyewitness, and Freeman
started to walk away.
Nevln attempted to rise and Freeman
returned and fired two more bullets
Into Nevin's head. Freeman shot him
self a few minutes later.
It is reported that Freeman held the
belief that Nevin, as a member of the
school board at Whitebird. had failed
to approve the re-election of a sister
of Freeman's to a position on the
school board. This incident occurred a
little more than a year ago and Free
man had since had trouble with other
members of the school board, it is said.
A report from Whitebird late today
stated that a letter was found in
Freeman's effects addressed to the
county authorities In which the slayer
blamed Nevin for the death of his
mother some months ago. Freeman,
according to reports from. Whitebird,
was at one time an inmate of an
asylum for the insane.
HIGHER WAGES PROMISED
Fore River Shipbuilding Plant to
Adopt Government Scale.
QUINCY, Mass., Aug. 18. President
Joseph W. Powell, of the Fore River
Shipbuilding Corporation, announced
tonight that wages of employes soon
would be Increased to equal the new
day rate schedule now being prepared
at the Boston Navy-Yard. The change
is a result of the taking over by the
Government of all marine construction
at the Fore River yard, and probably
will be put into effect October 1.
All craftsmen involved will receive
virtually $1 a day wages, time and a
half for overtime work from one to
four hours and double time thereafter,
as well as double-time pay for Sundays
and holidays.
DROUTH PASSES 50TH DAY
Dry Record In Portland Is 73; To
day to Be Fair.
For 50 days no rain has fallen In
Portland and vicinity, with the excep
tion of less than a minute fraction of
an inch, which was recorded July 15.
June 29 was the last day on which rain
fell In any appreciable amount, when
the registration was 16 one-hundredths
of an inch.
Yet this is not the drought record.
In 1913 no rain fell during the period
from June 25 to September 5, or 72
days. ' Fair, with moderate westerly
winds. Is the forecast for today.
The maximum temperature yester
day was S4 degrees above at 5 o'clock.
EVERY FIGHTER TO GET GIFT
Red Cross Plans Christmas Cheer
for All Soldiers and Sailors.
WASHINGTON, Aug. IS. Every
American soldier and sailor, whether at
the battle front in France or in train
ing camp at home, on ships at sea or
stationed ashore, is to have a Christ
mas remembrance from home.
Red Cross officials have Just com
pleted plans for the Christmas cheer
and arrangements will be worked out
Immediately.
FRENCH CAPTURE
STRONG REDOUBTS
Well Armed German
GarrisonsSurrender.
TWO FORTS ARE SURROUNDED
Territory South of St. Jans
beke River Is Captured.
FRENCH MORALE IS HIGH
Number of Prisoners Small Because
Germans Held Section by Means
of Concrete and Steel Re
doubts and Machine Guns.
BRITISH FRONT IN FRANCE AND
BELGIUM, Aug. 18. The French have
completed their conquest of the enemy
territory south o the St. Jansbeke
River and the Breenbeke River, which
branches off from the St. Jansbeke to
the east.
Two strong German redoubts, Les
Llias and Mondovi Farm, which had
held out against all, attacks since the
beginning of the allied offensive on
Thursday, have capitulated and the
French have pushed their front for
ward to a neutral line formed by these
waterways.
Les Lilas redoubt lies about a third of
a mile west of the Juncture of the St.
Jansbeke and the Breenbeke. It was
a large fortification of concrete and
steel, armed heavily with machine
guns.
Garrisons Are Small.
Although the garrison was small,
their position was well-nigh impreg
nable so far as infantry attacks were
concerned, and it was only when heavy
artillery was brought up and concen
trated on them late yesterday that the
Germans surrendered.
When the French advanced Thursday
they passed on either side of Les Lilas.
leaving the redoubt in a pocket. Since
then there has been continual fighting
about this position, which was ren
dered doubly strong through the pres
ence of a considerable flood tract and
artificial ditches.
Herman Garrison Surrenders.
The intense artillery fire yesterday
played havoc with the redoubt and the
garrison finally surrendered, an officer
and 23 men being taken prisoner. The
officer said they had intended to fight
to a finish, but changed their m1nd3
when the big guns began their work.
Mondovi Farm was a similar position,
lying in an angle formed by the St.
Jansbeke and the Breenbeke. As in the
case of Les Lilas. the French artillery
bombarded the garrison into submission
and they surrendered last night. The
Germans later tried to shell the French
out of Mondovi. but were unsuccessful.
French Spirit Aroused.
The total number of prisoners and
guns captured by the French is not yet
available, but the prisoners will aggre
gate more than 400, and about 15 guns
were taken. The small number of pris
oners is due largely to the fact that
the Germans were holding most of this
section in small garrisons in numerous
redoubts like Les Lilas.
The correspondent of the Associated .
Press today found the greatest spirit
of optimism prevailing among tho
French troops. They are feeling ex
ceedingly good over their successes and
their morale Is at the highest pitch.
3 0 GERMAN AIRPLANES DOWNED
English Lose 12 Because of Ad
verse Winds.
vONDON, Aug. 18. There was no in
fantry fighting on the Ypres front in -
Concluded on Page 2. Column I.)