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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE - SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, JULT 15. 1917. '
PRAISE OF 11 E. A.
Portland Is Convention City
Extraordinary, in Opinion
of Many. Visitors.
ROSES' BEAUTY PLEASES
Mary C. C. Bradford, Newly-Chosen
President, Appreciates "Sheer
Gladness" Shown In 'Wel
coming City's Guests.
Portland sets the unanimous verdict
of the National Education Association
delegates and officials as the conven
tion city extraordinary.
Many visitors left yesterday, but they
did not get away without singing out
loud the praises of Portland and the
hospitality of the Portland people.
Among typical expressions heard
around the hotel corridors yesterday
Mary C. C. Bradford, newly elected
president The hospitality of Portland
and Oregon people is equaled only by
the opulence i nd beauty of their roses.
If I were asked what seems to me the
keynote of the Portland greeting to tha
school people of the Nation, I should
call it the note of sheer gladness in
welcoming guests. The perfection of
the arrangements equals the reputation
of Portland for efficiency. Comfort
and beauty enfold each visitor, and
each face and each voice seems radiant
with the phrase, "We are glad you are
here." That the "stranger within the
gates" is also glad goes without say
ing. The memory of the roses of Port
land and the charm of Portland people
will always crown the recollection of
the 1917 N. E. A.
Retiring President Grateful.
Robert J. Aley, retiring president
It was a great convention. The dele
gates meant business and performed
their business admirably. The spirit of
patriotism that prevailed throughout
was an inspiration to us all and must
have made a beneficial impression upon
the community that entertained us so
Dr. A. J. Mathews, treasurer-elect
and president of the State Normal
School at Tempe, Ariz. I can't begin
to Bay what I think about Portland.
I have attended 20 of these meetings in
as many states, but I have never been
in a city where the people have done
so much to make our stay agreeable;
where they have thought of every com
fort of the delegates.
Josephine Corliss Preston, State Su
perintendent of Washington This is
one of the best meetings I have ever
attended. The spirit of the meeting
was all that could be desired. We
all came to get the Vest and we got it.
The citizens of Portland are exemplary
i ntheir hospitality. They have shown
the most gracious courtesies that coulc"
be shown. I cannot say too much for
Miss Kathery.n Devereaux Blake, of
New York Portland is one of the most
beautiful cities I have seen. The la
dies of Oregon are adorably hospitable.
They met us on the borders of their
state with their wonderful cherries,
beautiful roses and charming sweet
peas. They showered us all with arm
fuls of flowers. There is a personal
touch in Western hotel service rather
than the impersonal and mechanical
touch that prevails in many places.
Other Visitors Give Praise.
Carroll G. Pearse. president- State
Normal School. Milwaukee, and presi
dent board of trustees Portland has
the attributes of a thoroughbred. She
went ahead with her preparation for
this convention just as if she were ex
pecting six or eight times the number
registered. I am proud of the way
Portland has handled this meeting.
James Ferguson, principal Coachella
"Valley Union High School, Coachella,
Cal. We have had most delightful en
tertainment in Portland. One of the
N. E. A. CONVENTION SIDELIGHTS
PROMINENT among the Americans
who could vitiit with the Belgians
on their recent visit to Portland
was A. J. Gantvoort, president of the
music section of the National Educa
tion Association. As a boy Mr.- Gant
voort lived in Holland and skated all
over Belgium. In 1915 he was sent by
the United States to the International
Musical Congress, in Rome, where the
representatives of 18 governments as
sembled. At that fonress the speak
ers were permitted to use only English,
French, Italian and German. Mr. Gant
voort was olocted president of the con
press because he was the only one of
the delegates who could fpeak all these
Interviewing- 1387 newsboys and
writing- and classifying the. results of
the interviews has been the delightful
experience of Anna Y. Reed, specialist
in vocational guidance, Seattle. Wash.
luring the past year this distinguished
writer and investigrator produced a
volume known as "Newsboy Service."
a. study in vocational guidance. While
the newsboys interviewed stand a
trifle below the average of other boys
f the same.ae, yet she found them
brierht, intelligent, quick and intensely
human. Her volume. "Newsboy Serv
ice," fairly tingles with real life, and
one does not wonder when be hears
her tel. the story of her experience
and sees her eyes fairly sparkle as she
tells of the newsboys.
Taking- the National Education con
vention seriously has been the pastime
of the L'tah delegates, numbering 60
educators. Every morning at l o'clock
the delevtes from l'tah met at the L'tah
headqual Cers. room 727. Multnomah
Hotel. After studying the day's pro
gramme they planned systematically to
cover all the meetings of the day. and
to keep careful reports of the conven
tion. These reports, supplemented by
the reports of the dally pres. are to
be taken back to the state of Utah and
given to all the teachers of the state.
This is what is commonly called tak
ing a convention seriously. Meanwhile
the delegates from Utah find time to
ride on the Columbia River Highway
and to ste other places of interest in
and about Portland.
Various delegations from the N. E. A.
have expressed themselves as delighted
with the work on exhibition in the
Kailing School. This work is especially
lnteresting, as it represents the labors
of many nationalities. These little
foreigners nlso have an attractive
school garden near the school building.
The principal. Miss Fannie Porter, ex
plained that the garden is planted with
vegetables suitable to the use of the
people of that section. Many interest
ins experiments suggested by the gar
den fcupervtsor have been carried out
from time to time, making the work
both practical and educational.
Miss Bertha Maueromn, delegate to
I . r-l I
1 . T Jit .w-iiJ - - . " - rss s
-V , SW ' W , - J . Mill
VV. V s-v i N t . s - ... - II It ' ' - ' i f" , 1U
most profitable meetings ever held in
the United States.
O M Elliott, president State Normal
School. Lewiston, Idaho Portland has
outdone herself. ,
George L. Towne, educational Pub
lisher, Lincoln, Neb. The roses of Port
land are symbols of the beautiful way
In which we have been entertained.
Thomas W. Butcher, State Normal
School. Emporia, Kan. Glorious! Glor
ious! This has been a great conven-
t'Hal -Fl. Ruerh. School of Educa
tion. University of California, Berkeley
Portland h-s shown us a most de
13. O. Sisson, president-elect Univer
sity of Montana Portland has set a
new standard for entertainment.
Arthur H. Chamberlain, secretary
California Council of Education. San
Francisco. Cal. A wonderful meeting.
The whole Nation will feel the Influ
ence of it.
R. H. Wilson. State Superintendent
of Public Instruction, Oklahoma City.
We have all been charmed by the gra
cious courtesies shown by the. Portland
Albert Shields. Superintendent of
Schools. Los Angeles. Cal. It has been
a pleasure to be in Portland this week.
Adelaide Steele Bailor, State Super
intendent of Household Arts. Indian
apolis, Ind. The meeting has been big,
with new thought for a greater coun
try. the N. E. A-. from the Seattle Teachers
Club and active member of the asso
ciation, had written a song, dedicated
to the N. E. A., which she entitles
"America's Song." The inspiration was
given by the association. The song fol
May the heart and the soul of Amerira Ting,
And an enii to the world-wide horror brln;;
May htr aim in the cause of humanity'
Bring- t he world-peace in the midt of the
In tbrriys caus may she ever stand strong.
As she seeks .o right human wrong.
With a thought for the right.
May sht win In the fifirht.
And fill the whole worid with her eons.
A. H. Chamberlain, of San Fran
cisco, besides being one of the heavy
weights in the N. E. A. convention and
a utility ni?i in various departments,
is one of the most pervasive "rays of
sunshine' in the lobby of the Multno
mah Hotel, where the headquarters
"He don't seem like a school teacher,
somehbw," was the remark of one of
the elevator boys. with whom Mr.
Chamberlain's large gracious ness had
made a deep impression, apparently.
"He seems more like a regular fellow,
the way he acts.'
Mr. Chamberlain is former secretary
of the California Commission of Edu
cation and chairman of the National
When he was asked to "hunt up
some other Californian of equal illus
triousness," to pose for a photograph,
he cut out Charles H. Covell from the
crowd of educators that was milling
about the lobby and dragooned him in
front of the camera.
Mr. Covell is from Redlands, a mem
ber of the California Commission of
Education, former president or the
California Teachers' Association S. S.
(which he says means "Southern Sec
tion" and not "Sunday School") and
superintendent of the schools cf Red-
"Here are your travelers checks, Mr.
Origgs." said one of the solicitous';
friends of Howard R. Driggs, profes
sor of the English language in the
University of Utah and prominent el
der in the Church of the Latter Day
Saints, as he handed the professor a
registered letter containing the travel
ers' checks which had been forwarded
to the N. E. A. headquarters by an
anxious neighbor who saw the profes
sor leave home -with a new suit of
Professor and Mrs. Driggs are prom
inent educational figures at the con
vention, but it is evident that Profes
sor Driggs had changed trousers before
the convention. By dint of temporary
loans and profuse promises he man
vf h .S5 i n p,,;':
the diner and in the Pullman until he
reached Portland. Here he found
frfiends willing to lend him money. "I
am very grateful to you for these
checks." he said. "I thank the Lord
that 1 have a good neighbor."
PERSONS AND SCENES CONCERNED ,WITH PORTLAND-MADE" MOTION PICTURE. ; ;
r . r.4 53rnb7ui?Sie-n? t
MOVIE MADE HERE C;,
'Nugget in the Rough" Pro
duced in Portland.
NEW COMPANY IS PRAISED
Studio. Columbia Highway, Parks
and Homes of Prominent Per
sons Are Used in Filming
Picture i n Oregon ,
After several years of patient effort
Oregon's scenery has been preserved In
celluloid; a real modern feature pho
toplay has been made in Portland. It
is called "A Nugget in the Rough," re
quires six reels, or 6000 feet of film to
tell the story and has been declared
by many experts who have viewed it,
to be extremely creditable for a first
effort, and in many respects the equal
of productions turned out by the
Southern California film colonies.
"A Nugget in the Rough" is not an
amateur picture but was produced in a
regular motion picture studio at Port
land, along the Columbia Highway, in
Portland's, parks, at the beautiful
Josslyn home, in Oregon City and at
other points adjacent to Portland
where good locations abound.
It was directed by Lewis H- Moomaw
who has established a reputation for
camera work through his year with
Burton Holmes in making travelogues
and the cast of players was chosen
from among a number of actors and
actresses who have enjoyed previous
The production, which had its first
private screening last week at the
Peoples Theater, was viewed by George
Walsh. Paul Powell. Seena Owen and
the Pox camera-men who were with
the Walsh party and they commended
the production highly.
The cast in "A Nugget in the Rough."
nearly all of whom are professionals
with stage and screen experience, in
cludes besides Miss Wetland: Harold
Grady, as Bob; Sam Rose, as Fatty:
David Bald ridge, as the father of
Isabella; Jack Berry, as Steve Bolder;
Virginia Carlisle, as Mrs. Dougherty;
Bert Porter, as Mr. Northrup: Mrs.
Bert Porter, as Mrs. Northrup; Kather
ine Graham as June Northrup; Melville
W. Brown, who was co-author of the
comedy-drama, as Clarence Northrup;
Charles Wilson as the butler, and Hazel
Hansen as a most attractive maid. Be
sides these players, the company in
cludes cowboys, miners, society people,
musicians and many other local people
whose faces will be familiar to Port
The company has also completed a
two-reel comedy entitled "A Tale of a
Dress," which relates in amusing man
ner a domestic mishap and its conse
quences. The comedy is notable be
cause it Includes a number of Portland
society people, scenes taken at former
Mayor Albee's home, some, wonderful
views on the Columbia Highway and
many more local scenes. Besides it
tells a clever story.
Arrangements are now being made
for distributing the six-reel feature and
the comedy and within a short ttme, as
soon as negotiations for certain well
known players to join the company are
success tuny concluded, the company
on a more ambitious pro-
Members' Council Takes Vacation.
No meetings of the members' council
of the Chamber of Commerce 'will be
held during: the months of July and
August, the weekly luncheon last Mon
day being the last of the season: Ses
sions will be resumed regularly the
tirst Monday in September. In case
special emergencies arise before that
1 ... , . ,
time. Chairman E. L. Thompson will
send out a call to members.
I The white poplar has been', used as
a natural lightning rod.
Wonnaii in. S- I li1t
&3?Zc woo Z 5
STAFF WRITER OF NEW YORK MAIL
SEES PORTLAND AND HIGHWAY
Entertaining Description of a Hurried Trip Through Oregon at Rose Fes
tival Time and What Was Seen Here.
(The following article on Portland i
written by Zoe Beckley and printed in the
New York Mall on July Jltss Beckley l
a staff writer on the Mail who has been
mukins a tour of the principal American
cities and writing feature articles for her
BY ZOB BECKLEY.
F YOU were deprived of maps you
could tell Oregon from California
by its mere color. Greens replace
yellows. Vast undulating valleys plant
ed with apple orchards and vineyards
lie emerald tinted between rich-timbered
mountains. Deprived of sight,
you could smell your way into Oregon.
Acres on acres of fresh-hewn forest
trees sweeten the air with a tang all
Besides the scent of the sawmills
there is the ever-present hum and
squeal of them as the train with Us
two straining engines hauls you
through one mountain pass after an
other. And when you get fairly to Portland
you see great pungent-smelling log
rafts that come down the Columbia
River with lights at bow and stern,
to be taken care of by somebody, 1
suppose, at the end of their journey.
Oregon. I am told, has one-fifth of
the standing timber in the United
States. I should think it had four
fifths, judging from the logging camps
we passed through.
I want to come back some day and
get acquainted with the women I saw
standing in the doorways of their un
painted homes big, fresh-faced ma
trons, with white aprons and sleeves
rolled up, sturdy wives of sturdy men.
Portland has much besides logs. It
has the Rose - Festival. Mount Hood,
Columbia River Highway, and culture.
Portland. I should say, is the Boston of
the West Coast.
Hoars Frightened Back.
It is a good-looking city, with shady
residence streets, which follow the
Western fashion of running up hill.
The .houses are enormous. I should
think the pioneer families must never
have had fewer than -0 children. In
the newer sections the homes ar
smaller, and if the families have di
minished the taste in architecture has
People had told me of Portland's
Rose Festival, and by chance I arrived
in tts very midst. Two blocks on Park
street have been fenced and turrfed
Into a mosaic of flower beds. A flat
tering replica of the Statue of Liberty,
all ready to be unveiled by the push
of a button beneath President Wilson's
thumb, stands In the midst, and gar
lands of electric lights are everywhere.
Games and children's parades, led by
a Juvenile King and Queen, are a-doing.
And all Portland is to turn out. flower
decked and flag-draped to march for
liberty and roses.
The only trouble is that there aren't
any roses. A laggard Spring has left
them in unyielding buds on all the
garden bushes. Housewives have ca
joled and watered them in vain. They
simply would not come out.
So the decorators did their best with
peonies, poppies and geraniums, prim
roses, thyme and yellow marguerites,
putting a rose here and there for sug
gestion. i Under . the . misapprehension that I
was going to see the Columbia High
way, I engaged passage on a rubber
neck wagon my favorite method of
seeing a town (the "lecturers" give
you so much interesting information,
unspoiled by facts).
Rnbbernecker Is IJned.
We went out to the City Park in
stead and then it was I learned that,
even as Portland was short on roses,
the cautain of the sightseeing ship was
short on facts and totally lacked im
agination. "Ladies and gentmun.'he mentioned,
hoping we were all rom the Far East,
"that there mountain you see to your
left is Mount Hood, perpetually
"Go on !" ' interrupted a voice in the
rear seat. "That's Mount St. Helens. I
lived at the foot of it for 3(1 years.
Hood's to the right." We all gazed to
left and right, seeing respectively a
vast white circus tent and a collossal
dish of ice cream upon the horizon.
They use a picture of Mount Hood
with a spoon stuck into it as an ice
cream advertisement, so I know the
man who had lived near St. Helens was
"Now, just before you," went on the
guide, nothing daunted. "Is a grand
piece of bronze statuary, 'The Coming
of the White Man..' "
It is beautiful. I asked the lecturer
who the artist was.
"It ain't an artist." he answered po
litely, "it's an Indian."
"But who." I persisted amid the gig
gles of the tourists, "designed it some
famous sculptor, I suppose?"
The poor, fat guide scratched his
head and wiped his brow; it was avery
"Oh. you mean the man that made it!
Xow. leave me think! I know his name,
but I can't just say It. . . . Smith
Brown no. . . Tell you what
I'll do. lady; I'll find out at the ofTice
and let you know." (He told me later,
bless his heart, that the man's name
was Thompson. I found out afterward
.hat Thompson was the philanthropist
who presented it to the City Park).
,Rtrnslosr You Ride.
"Now that river you see. ladies and
gentmun. is often took for the Colum
bia. It ain't. It's the Willamette, and
it's pronounced Wil-LAM-ette, not Wil-
Voice from the back seat: "Hey. Bill,
how'd the Willamette get its name "
And he winked wicked to the other
"Well, I I guess it's a Indian name
I'll ask the driver." offered poor Bill,
getting warmer and warmer, for he
was exceedingly fat and the mercury
"Naw that ain't It." said the tourist.
"It was this way: A pioneer and his
fambly was traveling west. From a
hill the man thought he spied a river
and sent his boy ahead to find out.
'Will, am it a river?" he says when the
lad came back and that's how it got
This seemed satisfactory to all the
tourists and the guide wrote it down
in a book for future use.
At the end of an imperfect day I de
jectedly called to pay my respects to
the editor of one of the oldest and most
widely read of West Coast newspapers.
"And you are -goinir away from Fort-
land without seeeln the Columbia
Highway?" he gasped, running his
hands wildly through his mop of hair.
" ell. I tried hard enough, I de
He grabbed his telephone.
'Have my car ent round in Ave min
utes!" he shouted. Then, calling an
other number: "That you. John? Well.
drop everything, call up your wife and
bring her over to my office at 5 o clock.
"There s someone here from a Isew
Tork paper who is leaving town with
out seeing the highway! We're going
to see it if it means an all-night trip!
Trip Hlickivay Ib Harry.
Bang! Swat! Wow! That's how they
do things in the West.
So I saw the Columbia River High
way, and my day turned from failure
Into triumph. Had I not seen it I
should never have dared tell I was at
Portland. No wonder the Portlanders
mention it as a Parisian speaks of
Xotre Dame or a Buffalonian of Niag
I am inclined to accept their estimate
that It is a road of unparalleled scenic
wonders, the finest highway In Amer
ica. (Or is it the world?)
Forty-three miles of it stretch east
of Portland into Eagle Creek National
Park, where anyone may camp without
cost in Government-provided tents
amid virgin forests, trout streams and
Forty miles of it stretch west toward
the Pad tic Ocean. And that is only
half, costing between J1.000.0O0 and
2. 000.000. When finished the road will
thread 160 miles across the state and
it is expected that sister state Wash
ington. Just over the river, will build
a similar boulevard bordering the
mighty stream the two to be connected
The height and wildness of the crags
beneath which it winds are breath
taking. The reaches of the river snak
ing its way through hills, mountains
and tablelands feathered with giant
trees or smiling with farms, are some
thing to stir the imagination. Sunset
paints the peaks with purple and gold,
and soft blue mists settle in the val
leys. Every few miles are majestic water
falls, one of which makes a sheer drop
of 620 feet. And about these beauty-
upon-beauty spots have been built
paths with bridges that span the can
yon and make a parklike place for
picnicking or Just dreaming.
There are several beautiful inns
along the way. one built and managed
by an efficient little woman named
Henderson, whose taste In decoration is
no less exquisite than her skill as a
Some day, when Portland realises
what a rare possession It has in this
highway, the homes of legging mil
lionaires will fringe It. But it is more
to my liking as it is, wild, pungent-
smelling with flowers and forests, its
borders unbroken save by an occasional
huge sawmill or waterfall.
The blessing of it all is its ready ac
cessibillty. Any working girl who has
a friend with a Ford and who has not,
west of the Mississippi?) can leave her
desk or factory at 6 and have plenty of
time for the run. to Multnomah Falls,
and a long drink' of lung-filling, soul
stimulating beauty before the long
northern twilight has fairly set in.
Sam Hill, son-in-law of the famous
railroad man. James J. Hill, is credited
with first thinking of this splendid
highway. He sent Samuel Lancaster,
an engineer, to study the finest roads
In Europe, being instructed to adopt
the best features of each.
Many of the retaining walls and cop
ings were built by Italian workmen in
the exact fashion of the best Italian
roads, no cement being used. This 'dry
wall' enables heavy water to run off or
run through without damage.
By loops, figure eights and other ex
pensive devices all grades have been
kept within 5 per cent, and the turns
are wide enough for four motors to
Forgive me if I have grown too flow
ery over Portland. It Is the first place
where I have been comfortably warm
since I left Charleston. That and the
Rose Festival and the Columbia River
Highway may have gone a little to my
Portland. June 25.
RED CROSS THANKS GIVEN
Dr. Mackenzie Recel-es Letter of
Gratitude From 11. P. Davison.
An appreciation of the activities of
Portland in the recent Red Cross cam
paign, and of his own prominent share
in 'the result, has been received by Dr.
K. A. J. Mackenzie, chairman of the
Portland chapter. American Red Cross,
from H. P. Davison, chairman of the
Red Cross War Council.
"At the close of the wonderfully suc
cessful campaign for the Red Cross war
fund, I intended. In behalf of the War
Council, to send you and your asso
ciates. a telegram of thanks and con
gratulation for your splendidly effect
ive work," wrote Mr. Davison. "On
reflection, however, I decided, in view
of the Nation-wide extent of our or
ganization. that it would be more eco
nomical, and equally satisfactory, to
write to you instead of telegraphing.
"We of the War Council are deeply
grateful to you. to your colleagues, to
the devoted men and women of local
Red Cross chapters and auxiliaries, and
to every element and Individual in your
community who aided by service and
"There is no method by which we
can reach the legion of individuals, or
ganizations, churches, newspapers, so
cieties, banks, companies and firms
whose united effort has provided this
great fund for humanity, and if through
your press and by other means you can
make public expression of our grati
tude we shall deeply appreciate the
courtesy. Their Joint accomplishment
has stirred the pride of every Ameri
"I wish to add my personal thanks to
you. and through you, to all who con
tributed to the splendid result."
PORTLAND GETS PYTHIANS
Owing to War Conditions 1917
Meeting at Marshfield Is Changed
ALBANY, Or., July 14. (Special.)
The Grand Lodge of the Knights of
Pythias of Oregon will meet in Port
land next October. Instead of at Marsh
field, as originally planned, according
to word received by members of the
order here. While the change in meet
ing place has not been announced offi
daily. It is known that Harry G. Wort
man, of Medford. grand chancellor of
Oregon, has concluded arrangements to
bring about this result. This was done
at a meeting in Marshfield this week
when the lodge there consented to the
change in plans.
When the grand lodge held its sea
slon last year In Portland it chose
Marshfield as the 1917 meeting place.
But now that the war is on and manv
lodges are caring for financial matters
for members wno nave enlisted, and as
greater burdens may come. It has been
felt by many officers of the order that
the grand lodge should economize. The
expense of meeting in Marshfield, it is
said, would have been about $3000
greater than the expense in Portland,
because of the greater distance most of
the representatives would have had to
travel. For these patriotic reasons the
change in meeting place has been de
Australia has prohibited the importa
tion of jewelry. .
CANIIG EXPERT 18
HEARD BY TEACHERS
Various Methods of Drying
Fruit and Vegetables Ass
Shown and Explained.
OBJECT IS CONSERVATION
Agents of Boys and Girls' Clubs
Asked to Pass Information on
to Others and Series of Ad
dresses Is Scheduled.
Many women, all experts in the culi
nary line, meekly listened yesterday .
afternoon in the Lincoln High School
domestic science laboratory while a
mere man told them a great deal about -the
preparation of foods from the con
servation angle of dryinir and canning.
The instructor was George E. Far
rell. of the United States Department
f Agriculture, and his class was com
posed of boys' and girls' club agents
from Oregon and Washington and do
mestic science Instructors of the Port
The drying of perishable vegetables,
fruits, etc, lor Winter use, thus con
serving the surplus supply and aiding
in the food situation, was exhaustively
discussed by Mr. Farrell. while he con
ducted practical demonstrations In the
One method of drying that was
strongly advocated was the evaporation
process by means of an air current,
preferably from an electric fan. the
current for a 12-inch fan, at local
rates, costing 3.6 cents for 24 hours
Model Drier Shown.
The model drier, constructed by Mr.
Farrell for this purpose, was 18 inches
long. 14 inches wide and contained
several trays of wooden slats, 2I,s
inches apart. On these trays were
spread the fruits or sliced vegetables
to be dried, with the air current from
the fan directed at them. Among the
products in process of drying were
peas, string beans, carrots, loganber
ries and raspberries.
Mr. Farrell explained that a low
temperature, ranging from 110 degrees
to ISO degrees, is better for drying
purposes than a higher temperature
and produces a superior food article.
After the drying process, he said, the
product should be placed in an open
oven for a sufficient time to kill
After the trays are emptied the
product should be conditioned for two
days by occasional stirring that the
remaining moisture may be evenly dis
tributed before packing in containers.
Turning to other methods of drying
food products, the instructor illustrat
ed the oldest known method, that of
sun-drylng. He advised that sun
driers, which are faced with glass.
should be placed on a slant, with vents
at top and bottom, so that proper cir
culation of air be given. A roof hot
house, properly ventilated, he declared
to be the finest sort of drier.
Boys' Work Shows.
Second In antiquity was the direct
heat drier, an admirable type of which
had been constructed by the boys of
Washington High School. It resem
bled a tin smokehouse, and Is priced
directly over the flame or stove, the
heated air passing through its traya. -spaced
at three inches. Whila this
made an excellent direr, he said, it
possessed the disadvantage of occasion
ally developing too high temperature
and burning the product.
Miss Helen Cowgill, of the- Oregon
Agricultural College. described an
apple-box drier of similar type, which
she had used to good ettect. l ne
apple-box drier is provided with trays
and top vent, and Is elevated at a
proper distance from the source of
In concluding his demonstrations Mr.
t"i -ll expressed the hope that his
put-. -s would take the newly acquired
knowledge home with them, try it out
and pass it on to the neighbors, who
were to be asked to spread tne gospet.
Miss Edna Groves, supervisor of do
mestic science in Portland schools, with
Georgia Swafford. Mrs. Kathryn Baker
and Miss Koreen, who will conduct a
series of drying and canning classes
for housewives beginning Monday,
were present at the demonstration.
The schedule of classes, which are free,
is as follows:
Monday, July 16 Lents, Vernon and
Tuesday, July 17 Franklin. High
land, Fulton Park and Holman.
Wednesday. Jdly 18 Woodstock.
Holladay. Eliot and Sunnyside.
Thursday. July 19 Sellwood. Ockley
Green. Buckman and Kerns.
Friday, July 20 Llewellyn. Penin
sula. St. Johns and Capitol Hill.
Monday. July 23 Thompson. Stephens,
Richmond, Irvington and Fernwood.
Tuesday, July 24 Woodlawn, Glen
haven and Glencoe.
Wednesday, July 25 Shaver. Clinton
Kelly Mount Tabor and Hudson.
Thursday. July 26 Albina Home
stead, Montavllla and Hawthorne.
Friday, July 27 Ladd and Rose City
"TIME OFF" BREEDS WOES
Complaints of Discrimination Among
City Employes Are Made;
Complaints of discrimination amon?,
city employes over "time off" have
come to the City Council. An ordinance
at present provides one day off in six
for firemen, two days off each month
for policeman and one day off in seven
for all other employee. Also City Hall
employes have Saturday afternoons off.
Firemen in the fire alarm office have
had no days off since the middle of
May. Firemen who turned down the
offer of one day off in five, while
fighting for a two-platoon system,
now want one day off in four. Mayor
Baker has referred this to Commission
Janitors complain because they are
not given Saturday afternoons off, like
other City Hall employes.
MISS ORTSCHILD HONORED
Orrices in' X. E. A. State Director
and Vice-President of Section.
Miss Viola Ortschild, ex-president of
the Portland Grade Teachers' Associa
tion, was honored at the recent N. E.
A. convention by being elected state
j i ...,.- r, f rF..cnn nnH also vi r'p.i. ro i
dent of the classroom section fo the N.
As state director. Miss Ortschild will
call the Oregon delegation together at
the 1918 N. E. A. meeting and also will
serve on the board of directors, which
Is composed of the officers of the N..
E. A., and one director representing
each state in the Union. The stat"T
directors will choose the next meetlug
place of the association.