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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TIIE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAM), FEBRUARY. ' 18, 1917.
CUBA IS ORDERED
United States Minister, Con
. suls and Navy Officers to
v Study Situation.
INTERVENTION NOT DECIDED
Washington Not to Interfere Unless
.Forced by Developments Busi
ness Men Ask Election Re
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Feb. 17. Wfeen
Uberal forces took possession of the
usrar mill at Palma Soriano, owned by
President Mtnocal, today, they captured
two brothers of the President. Tb
'Menocal brothers will be brought bere
WASHINGTOX, Feb. 17. A close
watch on the situation created in Cuba
by the insurrection of the Liberals
was continued by the State Depart
ment today, but no further steps were
decided on and official reports indi
cated no radical development, either
in the plana of the rebels or those of
the government. The rebels still hold
Santiago and Camaguey and minor suc
cesses in small towns and in the coun
try near by were reported. The gov
ernment troops, it was said, were mov
ing' steadily towards the occupied dis
tricts and reports from Havana in
dicated that President Menocal's call
for volunteers was being answered by
many of the better classes.
Both the State Department and the
Navy are using every facility to gather
information from which a close analysis
of the facts may be made. Orders were
nent today to Minister Gonzales, the
13 'American consulate officers in
Cuba and the commanders of the Amer
ican naval vessels at Havana, San
tiago and Guantanamo to make a thor
ough investigation, not only of the mil
itary phases of the situation, but of its
economic and political aspects. It was
declared that unless made necessary
by developments, no steps toward in
terference by the United States would
be taken until the reports asked for
had been studied.
Election Review Suggested.
American business interests let it be
known to Stat Department officials
today that they would welcome the
Fending of a commission to Cuba to
review the election returns, but there
appeared little likelihood that such a
measure would be adopted at present.
Administration officials have made it
plain that there is no disposition to
Interfere with Cuban affairs unless
they are compelled to to guarantee
to the people of that country a stable
Suspension of money-order service
between the United States and all post
offices in Cuba except the city of
Havana was announced today by Post
master General 1 urleson at the request
of the Cuban government.
"The Postmaster General's order,"
aid an announcement, "instructs post
masters to suspend payment of money
orders issued at any office In Cuba
except Havana after February 17, and
to refuse to draw orders on any office
In Cuba except Havana. Havana alone
will continue to issue and pay orders
on or from the United States.
Payment Ordered Suspended.
"Also postmasters at all money or
der offices in the United States are
directed to suspend payment of any
. money orders drawn upon them by
postmasters in the provinces of Cama
iruev and Orient after February 12.
In case of doubt as to the proper action
noKtmasters should apply for special
instructions to the Third Assistant
Postmaster General, Division of Money
The effect of this order will be to
prevent Cuban revolutionists rrom Hav
ing financial intercourse wtth the
United States through the mails.
SEVERAL BANDS ARE DEFEATED
Many Small Engagements Fought by
HAVANA Feb. 17. Reports of untm-
icortant engagements between govern
ment troops and rebels in Santa Clara
und Camaguey provinces were received
here today. Aurello Hevia, Secretary
of Government, who went to Santa
Clara yesterday, reports all quiet there
B.nd with no Important rebel groups in
Colonel Amlel'a force attacked a
band of rebels under Fidel Craz, near
Santislma Trinidad, Santa Cruz prov
ince, reports say, and seven rebels were
killed, including Cruz. Troops have
dynamited the bridge at the mouth of
the river Zaza. in the southern part of
Santa Cruz province, to protect cable
It is reported that Sanctl Spirltus,
in the eastern part of Santa Clara prov
ince, has been captured by government
troops. Near Ciedra, Camaguey prov
ince, government troops killed two
rebels. Including the second in om
mand, named Odelin. They also cap
tured some ammunition.
It is officially announced that
Colonel Pujol's forces have occupied
Olego Avila. the rebel headquarters in
Camaguey province. The town was
entered Thursday afternoon, the reb
els fleeing at the approach of the
troops. Government forces now hold
the Cuba & Jucaro and Moron rail
roads and have captured sufficient roll
lDg stock for the transportation of the
tered at the Seward with his wif and
Mr. and Mrs. C. K. Coe. of Grass
Valley, are at the Perkins.
Henry Schaeffer is registered at the
Washington from Wallowa.
F. A. Richardson is registered at
the Cornelius from Creswell.
Ira McDonald, of Athena, is among
the arrivals at the Imperial.
Woods, of Astoria, is registered
at the Carlton with - family.
W. Earl Greenough, of Spokane, ar
rived at the Portland yesterday.
Dr. Leroy Lewis and family, of Mc
Minnville, are at the Imperial.
Mr. and Mrs. P. D. Burrough, of
Fallbridge, are at the Carlton.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed D. Smith, of Jeffer
son, are registered at the Seward.
A. T. W. Kerr, of Tulsa, Okla.. for
merly of Portland, is at the Portland.
Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Wyatt, of Eu
gene, are registered at the Multnomah.
Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Foreman, of
Salem, are registered at the Mult
nomah. Mrs. Ralph A. Watson has returned
home after a two weeks' visit among
friends at Salem.
Frank M. Stall, of Denver, accom
panied by his family, arrived at the
Mrs. Harry E. Wagoner Is visiting
her parents; Attorney N. L. and Mrs.
Butler, at Independence.
F. C. Kohnke. traveling auditor of
the Southern Pacific, is registered at
the -dultnomah. from San Francisco.
W. H. Wright, superintendent of
cuisine ' at the Hotel Davenport In
Spokane, is spending a few days at
the Multnomah. He is accompanied by
Charles H. Kahn, an attorney of
Boise. Idaho, is visiting with his moth
er, Mrs. A. Kahn, of Portland, and is
en route to San Francisco to attend the
B'nal B'rith convention.
Dr. M. M. Bettman, accompanied by
his mother, Mrs. Goodman Bettman, left
Thursday for California. Dr. Bettman
will return Sunday, while Mrs. Bettman
will remain to visit relatives there.
TRIPLE FUNERAL IS
HELD UNDER GUARD
WHY WAIT? ASKS RUSSIA
AMERICA'S QUIET AFTER. BREAK
J. E. Hughes, of Chicago, Is at the
C. Gray, of Seattle, Is an arrival at
W. H. Reddell, of Seaside, is staying
at the Carlton.
R. W. Martin, of Eugene, is registered
at the Imperial.
G. E. Schuneman is an arrival at the
Beward from Salem;
J. B. Coe, of Eugene, Is registered
at the Washington.
N. J. Hansen, of Bandon, is an ar
rival at the Perkins.
W. A. Barrett, of Albany, is regis
tered at the Portland.
S. A. Kirschel. of Med ford, is regis
tered at the Cornelius.
Robert M. Duncan is registered at
the Imperial from Vale.
Frank Patton, of Astoria, arrived at
the Imperial yesterday.
O. B. Marshall, of Albany, Is reg
istered at the Perkins.
J. E. Stiles is registered at the Sew
ard from San Francisco.
Helen A. Milne, of Carlton, is reg
istered at the Cornelius.
Wayne Graham, of La Grande, is
registered at the Perkins.
Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Alexander are
registered at the Portland.
Frank Chapman, of Salem, is rcgis-
Japan Understood to Have Given Assur
ance of Friendship to Washing
ton, Says Bourse Gazette.
PETROGRAD, via London. Feb. 17.
The fact that the United States is not
at war with Germany after the lapse of
a fortnight since the breaking off of
diplomatic relations is the subject of
lengthy comment in the Bourse Ga
zette. Citing the sinking of the Ameri
can schooner Lyman M. Law and the
British steamer California, the paper
'The only new factor that might
bring war would be an armed collision
on the sea, but since such collision is
precluded by the failure of the Ameri
can Government to authorize the arm
ing of merchant ships, it is Impossible
to imagine that further provocation for
war can arise. It is too early to re
proach the United States for this, how
ever, because there are yet no official
details of the sinking of the Law. It is
further realized that before passing to
a state of actual hostilities it is neces
sary for America to secure her dlplo
matic rear, without which there would
be a. great risk in entering the war.
She must first guarantee her Interests
in the Pacific."
The writer mentions alleged diplo
matic exchanges between the United
States and Japan and continues:
"America could not be - on guard in
the Far East if engaged in a war with
Germany and therefore requires proofs
of Japan s good intentions. Such proofs
are understood to have been given by
Tokio. If it is true that friendship has
been assured between these two nations
that fact will have an enormous in
fluence on world policy and the great
est profit from such development would
accrue to the Near East allies of Japan,
namely. Great Britain and Russia. It
would mean that Germany brad lost all
hope of sea domination and was ex
pelled forever from the Far East.
Japan, In giving such guarantees, acts
in full solidarity with the allies. The
friendship between America and Japan
cannot relegate to the second place of
Importance the relations between Rus
sia and Japan. On the contrary, it
would give those relations more sti
BAKER STARTS RECALL
COUNTY JUDGE AND COMMISSIONER
OBJECTS OF IRE.
Mass Meeting; Declares for Proceed Ins;
Wtth Campaign After
BAKER, Or., Feb. 17. (Special.)
That a recall election against County
Judge J. B. Messlck and County Com
missioner J. P. Rltter be held as soon
as the law permits was the decision of
a mass meeting of Baker County tax
payers at the close of a spectacular ses
William Duby, a prominent cattle
man of Baker, was chosen to run
against Judge Messlck and Judge John
Fraser, of Richland, to oppose Mr.
The meeting was held In the City
Hall and the crowd was so great that
hundreds were turned away. Farmers
from all parts of the county came
through snow and ice, some coming
more than 100 miles by railroad, to at
John Hoke, chairman of the meeting,
stated it was called by 40 taxpay
ers of the county, after they had re
ceived the report of auditors who had
gone over the county books showing
that the county is $56.943. 85 in. debt,
whereas the Indebtedness was only
$10,439.33 when the two Commissioners
took office two years ago.
The report also asserted that the
county was paying more for its bridges
than the city of Baker, that bridges
were placed when not necessary, that
the county had far exceeded the 6 per
cent tax limitation and other mlsman
agement was alleged.
The report also said that when the
committee called on the court and re
minded liim of the Supreme Court rul
ing regarding tax limitation, the court
replied: "To hell with the Supreme
MRS. COCHRAN IS DIVORCED
Oregon City Woman Gets Custody of
Children and $25 Monthly.
OREGON CITY. Or., Feb. 17. (Spe
clal.) Custody of six children was al
lowed to Mrs. EmmsC. Cochran by Judge
uampDeu, or the state circuit Court,
today, when he granted a divorce from
Clark W. Cochran.
The decree provides that the father
pay 25 a month toward the support of
the children. The money is to be paid
to the Juvenile Court in Portland and
then turned over to the mother by th
All the property affected was on
cow, which the court assigned to Mrs
with, other conditions which pre
vailed will lead the war to a close
on lines entirely satisfactory for us
and our allies."
Cowboys Cling to Their Rifles
at Graves of Victims of
ARMED MEN RIDE PATROL
Closing Scene of Tragedy Staged
Within Sight of Corner Ranch,
Where Mormons Were Taken
Prisoners by Raiders.
CAMPBELL'S RANCH. N. M.. via au
tomobile courier to Hachlta. N. M-, Feb.
17 When the bodies of A. P. Peterson,
Burton Jensen and Hugfl Acord were
burled here late today, the final chap
ter of the Corner Ranch raid was
ended and three more names were
added to the list of Americans killed
by bandits in Mexico.
While the Mormon church choir
chanted "Oh, My Father." as the caskets
were lowered into the ground, mounted
Mormon scouts patroled the Mexican
boundary'line to prevent a surprise at
tack by bandits, while cowboys and
homesteaders stood about the graves
with their wide-brimmed hats in one
hand and their rifles in the other.
The closing scene of the triple trag
edy was staged within sight of the
Corner Ranch, where the three Mor
mon cowboys were captured late Mon
day by Mexican raiders, dragged across
the border and killed, after which their
bodies were mutilated.
After the brief service the caskets
were taken to the newly made graves
which had been dug- during the morn
ing by Lem Splllsbury, the Mormon
scout, and his posse, which found the
bodies across the. border from Mon
BANDIT THREATENS JUAREZ
Murder of Americans Attending
Races Is Planned.
EL PASO. Tex., Feb. 17. While at
Sabinal. 98 miles south of Juarez, on
the Mexico-Northwestern Railroad. Feb
ruary 8, Jose Inez fealazar macie a
threat to attack Juarez and kill an oi
the Americans attending the Juarez
races, according to a Mexican who es
caned from Salazar's command at Saoi
nal and walked to the border, arriving
here last night.
The Mexican said he had been taken
prisoner by Salazar's command 'he day
preceding the attack on the Guzman
garrison, and escaped when Salazar
started west toward Palomas and Ojl-
tos. He said he overiard balazar and
his minor chiefs talk'ng about the
plans for the Villa campaign in the
north, and said Salazar declared he
would attack and take Juarez some
Sunday soon and "kill all of the grin-
goes at the racetrack."
DECAPITATED MAN IDENTIFIED
Victim In Arizona Is High Mason
a man decapitated Tuesday at Benson
was ldentirien toaay as inii oi -i nomas
H. Jervls, of Edinburg, Pa, a high de-
.- ,i t a rn nnn I n(ir inw. i n r 1 1 it i v
was shipped today to his father, at
According to the investigation of the
Coroner. Jervis had a through ticket
from Santa Barbara, CaL. to El Paso.
On arriving on the Overland train of
K QAiithrn Panfi Rnllr&ad t Ben.
son. he left the car and spent the nigni
at a local notei.
About 4 o'clock Tuesday afternoon,
Jervis was seen walking along the rall-
.. .-I ialr A niinrl.P nf n n hftHP 1 fttftF.
after a freight train had passed, his
body was found close to the right of
way, the head severea rrom me ooay
BORDER PATROL REINFORCED
Another Raid by Mexicans Expected
In Sew Mexico.
HACHITA, N. M.. Feb. 17. Border
patrols in the Corner Ranch district
are being strengthened in expectation
of another dash across the border by
Three companies of New Mexico In
fantry from the camp at Columbus have
been mobilized ready, if needed, to pro
tect American lives and property.
Ranchmen living in the jog" say the
fact that the raid Monday was accom
plished without opposition will make
the raiders more bold.
$5000 Ransom Sent.
EL PASO. Tex., Feb. 17. A letter was
received here late today from Hachlta,
N. M., by the local representative of
E. K. Warren it Sons, bavins a check
for 5000 had been gi'cn to Edward
("Bunk") Spencer, the negro who with
his Mexican wife is bo in if held for ran
som by Jose Ynez Salazar at Ojltos,
HARVEY PERRY EXTRADITED
Former I Grande Man. Taken at
Olympia on Statutory. Charge.
OLYMPIA, Wash.. Feb. 17. (Special.)
overnor Lister tonight granted ex
tradition papers from Oregon for Har
vey Perry, wanted Jn Union County,
Oregon,' on a statutory charge. Wayne
Graham, from La Grande, appeared to
prosecute tne extraaition.
Perry's mother. Mrs. Williams, of La
Grande, arrived in Olympia yesterday
to live witn Her son and daughter-in-J
law in Olympia. It is understood by
the Sheriff's office that Perry's wifo
had preceded him to Olympia and had
found employment in a restaurant. Ac
cording to the Information here, Mrs.
Williams sold her property' In La
Grande and came to Olympia to live
with her son. She found hjm in the
county Jail on the Oregon charge.
Graham expects to leave with Perry
lor Portland tonight.
21 Raiders to Be Tried.
SAN ANTONIO. Tex.. Feb. 17. After
the 21 Mexican prisoners captured in
Mexico by General Pershing's troops
and neia in connection with the Co
lumbus raid have been transferred by
the Army to Federal civil authorities.
they will be taken to Columbus from
Deming, N. M., for trial, It was learned
FARM LOAN BONDS EXEMPT
Federal Board Corrects Report Pub
lished in Western States.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17. To correct
reports published in Western states to
the effect that Attorney-General Greg
ory had given an opinion holding un
constitutional the law exempting from
taxation mortgages taken and bonds
issued under the farm-loan system
the Farm Loan Board issued a state
ment today, saying:
"The fact is that the opinion of the
Attorney-General declares the law per
fectly constitutional. Farm-loan bonds
are declared by the Attorney-Genera
of the United States to be legally and
constitutionally exempt from all taxa
EARLY VICTORY FORECAST
Britishers Expect Peace During Next
LONDON. Feb. 17 Arthur Hender
son, member of the War Council,
speaking at Manchester today, said
"In government circles confidence
regarding the final close of the war
was never so high as now. I believe
that our Commander-in-Chief and all
the leaders of the allied nations would
he surprised if during the coming
Summer they do not fctrike iuch a blow
R. N. STANFIELD TO SPEAK
Mayor Hitting, of Alaska, Also In
vited to Chamber Luncheon.
R. N. Stanfleld. Speaker of the House
In the 29th session of the Oregon Leg
islature, will be the speaker of the
day at the luncheon of the members
council of the Chamber of Commerce
at noon tomorrow If the session Is over
The theme of bis address will be a
review of the legislation accomplished
in the session.
Another speaker will be Major J. J.
Hitt'.nger. in charge of the Portland
purchasing office of the Alaska En
gineering Commission of the Federal
Government. Major Hlttinger will dis
cuss the trade opportunities that are
available to Portland In the opening
up of Government enterprises in
HIGH SCHOOL SING GIVEN
Lebanon Students Take Part In
LEBANON, Or.. Feb. 17. (Special.)
The first Spring entertainment by
the Lebanon High School was given
last night in tho high school audi
torium before a big audience. The main
feature of the entertainment was a
competitive interclass song contest.
Each class in the high school renders
a song which is wholly composed by
the class members and set to music
either original or adapted.
The award was given to the Fresh
man class. Other features of the pro
gramme were a song by Miss Blanche
Hammel, of Albany; a piano solo, by
Miss Elizabeth Bach, of Lebanon; vio
lin solo, by Acle McClain, and vocal solo
Dy uaie lortln.
ill ffl O
price' the same, $3
TVTEN, the new Spring
clothes are coming
in now. America's fore
most clothes makers
their best product
to this exhibit.
The best weaves the
most artistic combina
tions of tint and color
are shown here in
Modestly priced, with my personal-guaranty
of lasting satis
faction with every garment.
You are invited to come and
see. Every model for every age
is on display.
$20 to $35
New Manhattan Shirts, S2 to S5
Morrison at fourth
NEW RADIO MARVEL
VARSITY REFUTES REPORT
Educators Tell of Efficient Work of
School of Commerce.
Dean Morton, of the school of com
merce of the University of Oregon, and
H. B. Miller, director of the school,
were guests of honor and speakers at
the luncheon of the alumni of the uni
versity at the Chamber of Commerce
They discussed the recent report of
the school and gave an outline of the
work that the school has done, to
refute the statements that had been
made in the report in the Legislature.
Members of the extension classes in
foreign trade were among those who
attended the luncheon. John C. Yeatcn
SHOWERY WEEK FORECAST
Prediction Is for Unsettled Weather
and Occasional Rains.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17. Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Sunday, lesued today by the Weather
Rocky Mountain and plateau regions
Snow in central and northern and
probably rain in southern portions at
beginning or the week, followed by
generally fair. Temperature near sea
Pacific states Unsettled with proba
bly occasional rains in Washington and
Oregon. Generally fair in California.
Temperature below seasonal normal.
EDITOR BUYS OMAHA BEE
Charles C. Rosewater to Manage Uos
OMAHA. Feb. 17. Announcement was
made here late today of the acquire
ment of majority stock control in the
Omaha Bee by victor Rosewater, Its
editor, through purchase of the hold
ings of his brother, Charles C, Rose-
water, who goes to take the manage
ment of the Los Angeles Express and
C. C. Rosewater has been connected
with the Bee in various capacities for
Damascus Farmer Hurt.
OREGON CITT, Or.. Feb. 17. (Spe
clal.) f. P. Coulter, of Damascus, a
well-known farmer of that place, aged
64 years, met with a serious accident
on Thursday afternoon while on his
wav to Portland with a load or produce,
As the team was passing down a steep
incline the horses ran away. Mr. Coul
ter had his shoulder broken and his
face badly gashed, pne of the horses
was badly injured.
nn rpi A 1
x lie .ldl 111
ML B. E. WRIGHT
I have shown you how impossible
it is to have good health without
Choose your dentist with the
same care you would select a sur
geon. Consider experience, reputation
and fair dealing. -My 20 years' ex
perience is at your disposal at very
Painless Kxtractlon of Teeth.
Northwest Corner of Sixth and
Washington, Morthwest Building.
Phones Main 2110, A. 2119.
Office Honrs S A. M. to p. M.
Operation of San Diego Plant
REACH AUSTRALIA EASILY
Alaska and Panama Will Be Able
to Send Messages Out of Great
Navy Sattlons by Land
Line Distant Control.
6AN DIEGO, Cal., Feb. 17 The Naval
radio station at Chollas Heights, near
here, recently completed at a cost of
$300,000 and now in full operation, has
exceeded in many respects the hopes
of its constructors. The largest and
most powerful on the Western Hemis
phere. It will be able, it Is believed.
under favorable atmospheric condi
tions, to communicate with stations 12,
000 miles distant.
Shortly after the plant was placed in
commission and before the sending and
receiving instruments had become
what the operators termed "broken in,"
aerial conversations were held with
the Melbourne. Australia, station, and
the ease with which communication
wae established over this distance gave
rise to hopes that the Chollas Heights
soon will be in touch wtlh points half
way around the world.
Poalaen System Used.
The radio apparatus Installed Is
what is technically known as the Poul
sen arc transmission. This system was
Invented by Vlademar Poulsen, of Den
mark, 11 years ago. The patent rights
were acquired In the United States five
years later. At that time the largest
arc transmitter built by Poulsen was
one rated at only five kilowatts. The
development of the Poulsen arc from
the five-kilowatt . set of 1905 to the
giant. 200-kilowatt set. weighing 25
ton-s, installed at the Chollas Heights
station, has since been achieved.
lhe Poulsen arc employes a direct
arc of from 600 to 1000 volts, burning
in a closed chamber of hydrogen, the
terminals being placed at right angles
in a powerful magnetic field. Electric
current for the radio set Is furnished
by a 200-kllowatt 1000-volt direct cur
rent generator driven by a 300-horse-power,
2200-volt 60-cycle induction
Four Operators Caa Work at Onre.
Following are a few of the interest
ing features of America's greatest
The receiving room is absolutely
sound proof, the walls and floor being
paddd with asbestos. There are four
distinct and complete controlling sets
in this room, enabling any of four op
erators, or all four simultaneously, to
send and receive messages.
The aerial, or antennae, weighs 16
tons and has a span between towers
of about 100 feet. The aerial is said
to be twice as. targe as that strunff
from the Eiffel Tower In Paris.
The helix is 11 feet in diameter and
11 feet in height, or approximately nine
feet higher than the helix used in or
dinary Naval and commercial stations.
The generator weighs 60 tons, and
the three 100-kllowatt transformers
2800 pounds each.
Approximately 25 miles of piplnjr
and copper cable have been laid
throughout the radio reservation " of
72 H acres. A large part of this area
will be kept wet at all times to insure
a good "ground" for the huge aerial.
The three 600-foot aerial towers con
tain 1,000.000 pounds of fabricated
steel. Thy are among the largest
radio towers in the world, and are
plwced in a triangle 1100 feet apart.
Aronson's Dollar Days
Look in one of Aronson's Broadway windows today,
folks. See the scores of articles offered at one
dollar that are worth much more. There are dozens
of genuine bargains in jewelry each one costs only
Buy Her a Diamond Ring
Unusual Quality at $25, $50, 75, $100
Washington Street at Broadway
1 1 XsjgV "VAUDEVILLE PHOTOpLAYS XT
4 VAUDEVILLE ACTS 4
SAItVER & MILLER
Violin, Piano, Songs
M'CARTHY & GIBSON
Patter and Dances
CUMBY & BROWN
Comedy, Dances, Songs
Present Wedgewood Nowell & Bettie Schade in
THE REWARD OF THE
The gripping story of a base intrigue that ended in the complete undoing of villainy.
EXTRA Monday and Tuesday Only
FRANCIS FORD and GRACE CUNARD in
The 9th Episode of Super-Serial
"THE PURPLE MASK"