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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TILE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, FEBKT7ATIT 18, 1017.
BATTLE FLEET IS
READY TO STRIKE
Many Surprises Said to Be in
Store for Germans in
ji Case of Conflict.
LOCATION IS KEPT SECRET
President Prepared to Appear Co
lore Congress Moment Overt Act
Is Committed Delay Gives
v America Time to Prepare.
BT JOHN C ALLAN O'LAUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 17. (Special.)
Preparedness is the order of the day
and even of the night in Washington.
The Navy Department is equipping
the fleet with everything: it may need
to repel attack. The Navy-yards are
receiving supplies and being: placed in
condition to repair any ships that may
be damaged and to push to completion
the vessels under construction.
The general board of the Navy, which
has charge of all matters relating to
strategy. Is holding constant sessions
to devise plans for the protection of
the fleet from hostile submarines and
its effective use at once if war should
Universal Training Advocated.
The general staff of the Army is not
only studying the strategic employ
ment of the Army with particular re
lation to Mexico and Cuba, where the
German agents are reported to be at
work, but with a view to the training
without loss of -time of hundreds of
thousands of young- men to fit them
for military service. The Department
U gradually coming around to the ad
vocacy of universal training, which is
understood to have gained the approval
of the President.
The President is prepared to appear
before Congress the moment an overt
act is committed. He is in daily, in
hourly expectation of an incident oc
curring which will leave no other
alternative than to ask Congress to
authorize him to move against Ger
many. IlreaK With Bulgaria JVot Likely.
" He has no doubt that diplomatic rela
tions will have to be severed with
Austria-Hungary which has adopted
the methods of sea warfare inaugurated
by the German government. So far as
Bulgaria is concerned, it now seems
that probably relations with her will
continue and possibly also with Turkey.
The situation with those countries
in case of war would be similar to that
of Italy which for months was at peace
with Germany while engaged in war
Manifestly it would be against the
public interest to reveal what the
Navy and War Departments are doing.
It i known, for example that the bat
tle fleet is no longer in Cuban waters
Attack by IT-Boata Expected.
It is the belief of the naval strata
gits that German submarines will at
tempt a surprise attack upon the
American fleet, not only for. the pur
pose of doing as much damage as pos
sible, but for the moral effect on Ger
many and upon the neutral nations
Precautions have been taken to pre
vent such an attack being successful.
The most important is secrecy as to
the location of the fleet. The nest
lies in the measures taken by the fleet
to protect itself.
It is known that the ships are keep
ing a sharp watch for periscopes and
that they are cleared for action.
There has been a general public im
pression that the fleet is not as effl
oient as it should be. Information ob
tained by The Oreganlan correspondent
shows that the fleet is far more ef
fective than the people realize.
Fleet Tina Surprises In Store.
Moreover, it has a number of sur
prises in store for the Germans should
thoy care to come.
The avy and war departments are
co-operating for the purpose of pro
tecting ports. Submarine nets are be
Ing placed at the entrances or various
harbors and they have been reinforced
by stationary mines that will be ex
plodod by electricity the moment con
tact is made by a ship.
As an indication of the way "in which
the Navy-yards are being placed in con
dition to bear the strain of war, it de
veloped today that the electric equip
ment awaiting installation in public
buildings has been turned over to the
yards. By this policy the power plant
units will be largely increased and it is
estimated that the capacity of tho
yards and the gun foundries where the
great guns are turned out for the Army
and Navy will be doubled.
Federal Use of Wires Provided.
Plans also have been completed for
the use of the telegraphs and tele
phones by the Army and Navy, official
of the companies being appointed offi
cers of the Signal Corps and their men
organized into signal companies,
During war the Army would auto
matically assume control of all lines.
The railroads also will be placed at the
disposition of the Government. The
way they will be used is now being de
termined by a special committee of
the American Railroad Association, the
chairman of which is Fairfax Harrison
president of the Southern Railroad. The
special committee has been divided into
four sections, one for each of the Na
lion's military districts, and the chair
man of each has offices in the head
quarters of the military department
bis section represents.
Every day's delay on the part of
Germany in committing the overt act
gives that much more time for the com
pletion of preparedness. The author!
ties are speeding up everything pos
sible so as to assure the most effectiv
operation the moment the President
and Congress say the word.
Attitude of Congress Disturbs.
The Administration" is. disturbed by
the attitude of Congress. Many Repub
licans and Democrats are opposed to
war with Germany, this being the con
dition "reported to Berlin as certain
develop by German diplomats before
they left Washington. . Knowledge of
the views of Congressmen is responsibl
for the determination of the Presiden
not to appear before the Senate and th
House in Joint session until he has
had such a clear case that no one can
question the propriety of his grave de
It is realized, however, ' that Ger
many s policy is intimidating many
hips from leaving our shores. This ia
congesting freight and soon will cause
cerious shutdown of plants. How Ion
the United' States, can permit th
method of warfar&.to- continue is
matter which is seriously eoncernin
the President and his advisers.
N. M. Dean Seriously III.
N. M. Dean is critically 111 with pneu
monia at his residence, 29 East Th
teenth street North. He is under the
care of two physicians.
A street-railway company at Wind
eor, Ontario-, --advertised lately for
. women to acV as car conductors.
THREE AMERICAN LINERS HELD AT PIERS AWAITING DECISION
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1 ' - r.LlP)fe 4r
LEFT TO RIGHT SEW YORK. ST. PAtX AD ST. LOUIS. .
When the American liner New York arrived February 12 from Liverpool, three American llner wera at their
piers at the foot of West Twenty-second street. New York, for the first time since 1898.
It was a strange thing for the crews of the three vessels to meet one another. Many of them had worked for
the American line for years, yet never had laid eyes on the fellow-employes they saw February 12.
The three big liners will be held at their piers until a decision is reached between the line and the Government
It was learned, however, that the company was unable to obtain guns for the vessels, and that It would be
Impossible to do so unless the Government supplies them.
The American, line has advised Its agents throughout the country to discontinue bookings of passengers on the
FOUR VESSELS SUNK
U-Boats Destroy Three and
Fourth Is Mine Victim.
ALL1 FLY BRITISH FLAG
Two Killed. Five Injured and 19
Missing From Lady Ann Three
Meet Deatli on Queensland,
All Others Being Saved.
LONDON, Feb. 17.- Four vessels with
an aggregate tonnage of 7185 tons
made up the total losses to merchant
men today as a result ot the German
ubmarine blockado. Three of these
vessels fell prey to German submarines.
while a fourth was sunk by hitting a
Lloyd's announced the elnking of the
British steamer Lady Ann, 1016 tons,
which was lost by striking a mine.
Two of the crew were killed and five
injured. The captain and 18 men are
Tho British steamer Queensland, 2701
tons, was victim of a submarine. Three
men were killed and all others of the
re w were saved.
v The British steamer Marion Dawson J
2300 tons, Lloyd's announced, wa
truck by a torpedo from a submarine
The British steamer Marie Leonhardt
of 146S tons, was also a victim of a
submarine, Lloyd's announced.
The steamer Marie Leonhardt is
listed in the marine records as a Ger
man vessel owned by Leonhardt &
Blumberg, of Hamburg. She is one of
the ititerned German chips requisitioned
for entente service.
BERLIN, Feb. 16. (By wireless, via
Tuckerton. N. J., to the Associated
Press, Feb. 17.) One German submarine
returning to her home base reports that
during a period of 24 hours, she sank
merchant chips aggregating 50,000 tons.
Another German submarine has a rec
ord of sinking a total tonnage of 35,000
in five days.
Progress of the War.
.A TTACKING in force the German
XX lines on both sides of the River
Ancre, in France, British troops on Sat
urday penetrated about 1000 yards on ;
front of one mile and a half, south of
the stream and gained ground on the
The latest success follows upon the
British capture of Grandcourt, also on
the southern bank, and brings them
within a short distance of both Mirau
mont and Petit Mlraumont, northeast
of Grandcourt. Field Marshal Haig s
forces also carried an important Ger
man position north of the Ancre on t
front of about 1000 yards nortn of the
German counter-attacks were with
stood successfully by the British, who
report that they inflicted heavy losses
on the Germans. The British also cap
tured at least 268 prisoners, including
five officers. Farther northward on
the front in France, British troops car
ried out successful raids into the Ger
Continuing their advance on Kut-el
Amara, in Mesopotamia, British troops
have taken more positions from the
Turks, and prisoners captured Thursday
number nearly 2000 including 89 of
ficers. On the right bank of the river
Tigris the British seized important
strategic positions. Belated Turkisn
official statements admit retirements in
British shipping amounting to 7485
tons, was reported sunk' Saturday
as the result of the German block
ade measures. Three of the four steam
ers sunk the Queenswood, 2701 tons
Marion Dawson. 2300 tons, and Marie
Leonhardt. 1468 tons were presumably
submarine victims. The fourth, the
Lady Ann, of 1016 tons, waa sunk by a
German reports attribute marked
success to the operations of Individual
U-boats within the laBt few days. One
submarine, it is announced, sunk 50,
000 tons of shipping in 24 hours, while
another averaged 7000 tons a day for
The renewal of fighting along the
Moldavian frontier of Roumanla wa
virtually the only new development of
the last 24 hours in the field of mlli
tary activity. Berlin reports the be
ginning of a battle Saturday morning
north of the Oituz Valley. Whether
the Russo-Roumanian or the Austro
German forces were the aggressors was
not indicated. Petrograd has not ye
reported on this operation.
On the Franco-Belgian front Infantt
River. The activity in the Champagne,
where the Germans suddenly delivered
an attack on Thursday, seems to have
aecreuwd somewhat, but fighting still
is taking place there, Berlin chron
icling the repulse of a French attack.
The afternoon report of the French
War Office referred only to artillery
In the field of aviation the -naval
contingents have been more than
usually active. German naval airplanes
bombarding military objects near Dun
kirk and Coxyde, behind the entente
lines on the northern end of the
Franco-Belgian front, and also throw
ing bombs upon merchant shipping in
the Downs, off the English coast.
British naval machines bombarded the
Ghlstelles airdrome and buildings and
shipping at Bruges, Belgium.
.The Swiss Minister at Washington
has given to Secretary of State Lans
ing full information concerning the de
parture of 86 former American Con
suls and their families in Germany.
The details were not made public, but
it ia understood that it supports pre
vious promises to facilitate the de
parture of Americans.
Turkey has given to Ambassador
F.lkus at Constantinople expressions of
friendship for the United States and
of hope that friendly relations may
continue. No reference was made by
Turkey to any intention on her part to
support Germany s submarine policy.
The American legation in Berne,
Switzerland was notified today that
the American Consuls now in Germany
will arrive in Switzerland Tuesday
afternoon, and it is expected that many
Americans who have been residing in
Germany will accompany them.
FIGHTING PASTOR DEAD
REV. nni'S GWTXX, PIOSF.ER OF
isr.a. was oxcB folicbmax.
Circuit Rider Who Made . Reputation
Also in Ring Was Thankful to God
far Vae of Arms In Need.
TOLEDO, Or., Feb. 17. (Special.)
Rev. Rhys Gwynn, who died at
Puyallup, Wash., Feb. 8, was once an
expert boxer, and, although he scarcely
tipped the scales at a hundred pounds,
he made some of the most sensational
arrests known to the annals of the
Rev. Rhys Gwynn. Fighting Pas.
tor and Pioneer, Who Died Re
ruraina ponce records or years ago.
He had tho Slabtown beat, which at
that time was the toughest in Port
land. Old timers still remember how
he whipped a prizefighter from Aus
tralia who couldn't get a fight in Port
land until Mr. Gwynn volunteered, en
tered the ring and won. Withal ha
was a very devout man, and said he
was " thankful to God, for he gave me
strength to wield my arms."
Mr. Gwynn was born in Pontypool,
Monmouthshire, Wales, Great Britain,
August 26, 1834. He- was a pioneer to
Oregon in 18S2. In the early days he
was a "circuit rider, with headquarters
at Silverton, Or. He had preached in
every county in Oregon, except the
ones recently formed; studied in
Palestine, conducted a mission in
Alaska and written an unpublished
book on "Sunday as the Real Seventh
Rev. Mr. Gwynn married Sophia Ruh
rill at Oregon City, before Isaao Moore,
December 30, 1861. Six children sur
vive Mrs. J. . .M. Phillips, Seattle,
Wash.; Mrs. R. T. Haseeltine, Spring
dale, Wash.; R. R. Gwynn. Toledo,
Or.; C. C. Gwynn and . W. K. Gwynn,
of Puyallup, Wash., and Mrs. J. F.
Peterson, vUvcrton, Or.
fighting was resumed near the Ancre
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AS TO SAFETY AT SEA.
FOE HOT BELITTLED
Earl of Derby Says Crisis of
War Will Soon Come.
NEED FOR MEN , IS ACUTE
British Cabinet Officer Declares
Germany lias Enormous Reserve
rower and Will Make Mighty
Effort to Win.
LONDON. Feb. 17. The' Earl of
Derby, Secretary of State for War,
speaking at Bancs today, expressed
th- opinion that the critical period of
the war would occur in the next few
"I would be a raise friend," he said,
"if I did not warn the country that
the war is going to be long continued
and a struggle even more bitter than
in the past. It can only bo won by
everyone doing his utmost. The three
things most vital are money, men and
munitions. Money and munitions arc
being supplied in large quantities.
-aien we want and must have. The na
tion will have to make greater sacri
fices in the way of giving Its manhood
to fight its battles. You will not win
Oie war by saying you have won it,
il am as confident as anyone of the
eventual result, but do not be led away
into the too grejit optimism of think
ing that the end is near. There is
nothing that pleases us more than to
hear that the German nation Is at its
last gasp. 1 do not think it is true.
I believe the erman nation is suffer
ing, but it still has an enormous re
serve of power and will make a great
and gigantic effort to gain the mastery.
"I believe we are going to see the
critical period of the war in the next
few months. We must face it with
courage. I confidently predict it will
be a successful six months for us, but
at the same time I do not think it will
be a walkover.
"You must receive bad news equally
with good news, with the same cour
age, the same gameness and the same
determination. Th re ia but one mot
to for every man and women in the
country, namely, "to stick it out." That
is what you have got to do. At what
ever coFt, at whatever sacrlflres. stick
Will Never Be Without
This Simple Laxative
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin
Relieved Her Baby When
Nothing Else Would.
Little Max Pendergast Is now four
years old, and a fine, neaitny noy.
When butta tiny baby. In fact almost
from birth, he suffered a great deal
from constipation. His mother. Mrs.
Carl W. Pendergast. Red Key. Ind.,
heard of Dr.. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin,
obtained a bottle of it from the drug
store, and with It was able to quickly
correct this condition.
Mrs. Pendergast says Dr. Caldwell's
Syrup Pepsin has saved them from call
ing the doctor many times, and that she
will never be without a bottle of it in
the house to use when needed. She
found it equally effective as a laxative
tor herself and other members of the
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin 1s a com
bination of simple laxative herbs with
pepsin, pleasant to the taste, mild In
action. and positive In effect. It does
not gripe or strain, and contains no opi
ate or narcotic drug. It is the ideal
family laxative, mild and (pleasant for
baby, yet acting quickly on the strong
To avoid Imitations and Ineffective
substitutes be sure to ask for Dr. Cald-
PROTECT BABY'S TENDER
SKIN FROM IRRITATION
ONE of tbe things that makes babies
irritable, peevish, cross and petu
land Is chafing of the delicate skin,
due to beat or friction. The delicate
skin of babies is particularly subject
to this trouble and it causes n end of
worry for the child as well as the
mother. If your baby's skin shows the
slightest redness or tendency to irri
tation, you can relieve it Instantly by
using a little Santlseptic Lotion. This
preparation heals and soothes the skin
and Is Invaluable even as the baby
rrows up-because it heals burns, scalds,
iijulsi,, nhrvtvibUd vi the skin aini
need by one of our expert men or women fitters, you
will enjoy a sense of security and comfort. Thousands
of men and women can testify to the merit of our service
in this particular line. If desired, will fit you at your,
It out to the bitter end and the bitter
end will mean for you perhaps priva
tion, but for those who come after you
freedom from the horrors which we
have' experienced during the last two
and a half years.
DIVER KICKS SHARKS AWAY
Scientist Submarine Explorer Says
Maneatera Think He Is Fish.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 17. To study
coral reef formations and take pho
tographic notes with submarine cam
eras. Professor Alfred G. Mayer. dtrec-H
tor of the department of marine biology
of the Carnegie Institute, and Profes
sor I R. Cary, head of the department
of biology, Princeton University, ar
rived here yesterday on their way to
They will make their investigations.
they said, under water, wnere, protect
ed by diving hoods, they expect to
spend most of their time.
Professor Cary said he had no fear
of sharks; that he had frequently
worked with sharks all around him.
'They do not recognise us with our
hoods on," lie said, "as humans, but
seem to think we belong to the subma
rine fauna. We frequently have fairly
to push the bigger fish out ot our way,
while others insist on diving between
LAND SCANDAL CHARGED
Speculators Said to Have Profited
on Soldiers' Homestead Rights.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 17. By a new
construction of the law relating to sol
diers' additional homestead rights, an
nounced today by Secretary Lane, heirs
and administrators of estates of Civil
War veterans, other than widows' or
minor children and their guardians, are
excluded from the right to acquire pub
Speculators are said to have made
large profits by securing letters of ad
ministration on the estates of soldiers
and. says a statement issued by the
Interior Department, "the approprla
tion of the public domain by such
means has acquired the proportions of
PRESS PROBE MOVE LOST
Resolution Not Considered by House
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17. Objection by
Representative Adalf, of Indiana, today
prevented the House from considering
a resolution to inventlgate charges
which Representative Callaway, of Tex
as. inserted Into the record February
V that 25 American newspapers had
been subsidized by English money vn
der the direction of J. 1". Morgan & Co.
"Doesn't the gentleman think," asked
Mr. Adair, 'that enough money hae
been wanted on Investigation of mat
ters which had no foundation what
well's Syrup Pepsin. See that a fac
simile of Dr. Cadiwell's signature and
his portrait appear on the yellow car
ton in which the bottle is packed. A
trial bottle, free of charge, can be ob
tained by writing to Dr. W. B. Cald
well. 425 Washington t5t Monticello,
rashes very effectively. Its healing
qualities cause thousands to use It for
all kinds of skin troubles such as Insect
bites, poison oak or ivy, fever or cold
sores, etc., as well as for sunburn,
tan, freckles, pimples and facial blem
ishes. antiseptic Is easily procured at most
drug stores, a good-sized bottle costing
but 50c. If your druggist cannot sup
ply It, 25 cents in stamps or r-in sent
to the manufacturers, the Ksbencott
Laboratories, Portland. Oregon, will se
cure, postpaid, a largo introductory
A1 I -' '"i.T ' I;
Fitting a Truss
is the task of a skilled, experienced person.
Every case presents its own problem. We
have made this branch of our calling a spe
cialty for many years. When one of ouk
trusses has been fitted for your particular,
STREET AT WIST BftBK
MABSHAU. .470C HOME A '7I J
Doctor Tells How to Strengthen
Eyesight 50 Per Cent in One
Week's Time in Many Instances
Free Prescription Yoo Caa Have
Filled aad lise at Homo.
Philadelphia, Pa. Do you wear glass
es? Are you a victim of eye strain or
other eye weaknesses? If so, you will
be glad to know that according to Dr.
Lewis there Is real hope for you. Many
whose eyes were failing say they have
bad their eyes restored
DrtnelDle or tnls wonderful free pre
script Ion. One man says, after trying it:
I was almost blind: could not see te
read at all. Now I can read everything
without any glasses and my eyes do
not water any more. At night they
would pain dreadfully; now they feel
fine all the time. It was like a miracle
to me" A lady who used it says: "The
atmosphere seemed haxy with or with
out glasses, oui arier using n
acription tor it days everything seems
clear. I can even read fine print with
out glasses. is oeuevea that thou
sands who wear glasses can now dis
card them In a reasonable time and
multitudes more will be abla tn
strengthen their eyes so as to be spared
me irouoie ana exnense ot ever aet-
Have Made Me an
My .Practice Is Limited
Illgh-Claas Dratlatry Oi
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Most any dentist can pull a tooth and not hurt you. It
doesn't take much of a mechanic to drill out a small decay
in your grinder and fill it up. BUT let me tell you this:
If you want a full upper or lower bridge, with only two or
three teeth left for attachments it takes a man with
experience in that particular branch of the profession or
you will be sadly disappointed in appearance of it, in the
wearing quality and in the most important feature of it
all the chewing service it should give you.
REMEMBER, anyone can cut prices, but it takes
BRAINS to turn out better work.
MY GUARANTEE GUARANTEES:
(1) That the Dentist doing the work is a registered, qualified,
competent, experienced operator, capable of doing his work in a
(2) That he understands Asepsis and Antisepsis, and uses
every precaution to prevent infection; that instruments are careful
ly sterilized and the hands and linen are scrupulously clean.
(3) That the materials used are of standard quality, exactly as
represented, and as good as or better than is used on similar work
by other first-class Dentists charging the same or often double
(4) That the mechanical work, plate, crown and bridge, is
made carefully and accurately by qualified mechanical Dentists who
do nothing els, and that perfect fit is assured.
(5) That I am personally ready, able and willing to make right
at any time any work done in this office that proves unsatisfactory
or faultyif material or workmanship were at fault.
That is all the public asks or expects. It is as little as the
Dentist should give, if he is fair, square and competent.
To do less is to acknowledge inability to do good work or un
willingness so to do.
PRICES FOR GUARANTEED WORK
Electro Whalebone Plates. .... $15.00
Flesh Colored Plates $10.00
Ordinary Rubber, All Red $5,O0
Porcelain Crowns. . . .$3.50 to 85.00
Gold Fillings, from $1.00
22-K Gold Crowns... S3.50 to $5.O0
22-K Gold Bridge $3.50 to $5.00
IN THE TWO-STORY BUILDING
Corner Sixth and Washington Streets, Portland, Oregon
Eye troubles of many d-
ons may be wonderfully bene
by. following the simple rules.
nen is mo prescription: uo to any ac
tive drugstore and get a bottle of Bon
Opto tablets. Drop one Bon-Opto tablet
In a fourth of a glass of water and
allow to dissolve. With this liquid
bathe the eyes two to four times daily.
You should notice your eyes clear u
perceptibly right from the vtart and In
flammation will quickly disappear. If
?our eyes are bothering you. even a
Ittle. take steps to save them now be
fore it is too late. Many hopelessly
blind might have been saved if they
had cared for their eyes in time.
Not Another prominent Phynlclaa to
whom the &bov article vm submitted, sale:
"BonOpt la a very remarkable remedy,
lis constituent Insrecrltfnta art vrell knowa
to eminent eye epeclallets and widely pre
scribed by them. The manufacturer guar
ante It to treurther. eyeeisht 0 p.T Mat
in one week'a tlm In many instance or r
tund th money. It can b obtained froam
any good Qriivslst and is one ot th very
tew preparation I feel should b kept oa
hand for res alar la almost vry
of My Trade!
Dentist.s came and pro, but
the ELECTRO PAINLESS
will always be with you.
All Other Work
We Have the