The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, February 04, 1917, Section One, Image 1

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    70 Pages
Section One
Pages 1 to 20
passports n
German Ambassador in
Sorrow at Break.
New Austrian Diplomat Shuts
Self Up and Prepares to
L Get Similar Word.
Berlin Representative Says No
Other Course Was Left
ti Open to America.
' -WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. Having
received passports for himself, his
family and his suite, together with a
note explaining why President "Wilson
has severed diplomatic relations be
tween the United States and Ger
many, Count von Bernstorff tonight
was waiting for his departure to be
arranged by the Swiss Minister.
The Minister, Dr. Paul Eitter, has
cabled Berne for formal authority to
take over Germany's affairs here,
and when it is received he will call
on Secretary Lansing and arrange de
tails.' m
, Count Tarnowski in Seclusion.
Count Tarnowski, the new Ambas
sador from Austria-Hungary, who has
not yet presented his credentials to
President Wilson, denied himself to
callers today," and official confirma
tion of ' reports that his government
had taken action , similar to that of
Ge was not obtainable at the
Embassy. It is taken for granted
that when such action is a certainty
relations will be broken with the Vi
cnna government.
It is still uncertain what action
will be taken by Turkey.
The German Ambassador's last of
ficial day in his Embassy was an
eventful one. His friends noticed
thatAvhile he retained all his cus
tomary courtesy and tried his best to
appear pleasant, actually he ' was
aeepiy anectea ana gravely appre
hensive at the prospect of the future
Break Not Surprise.
The Ambassador arose this morn
ing with the feeling that before the
day was over his diplomatic connec
tion with the United States would end,
Shortly after 10 o'clock he received
a correspondent of the Associated
Press in his study. The Ambassador
wa3 busy signing checks for personal
bills. He swung around in the chair
at his desk.
"Well," he said, smiling and offer
ing his hand, "what do you hear this
morning? Am I going to be turned
out? No information? Well, I have
none either. I haven't heard a word."
As the talk drifted to prospects Of
peace and the Ambassador expressed
the personal opinion that it was not
improbable, even if relations were
broken off, that the United States
might continue efforts in that direc
tion, a telephone tinkled. The Am
bassador picked up the receiver, smil
ing. He was quiet a moment, then
the expression on his lace changed.
Ambassador's Eyes Moist.
"You say relations have been broken
and that the President is going to
Congress ? Are you sure ? Well, may
be that's so. No, I have no comment
to make and nothing to say. If this
is true I am a private citizen again."
The Ambassador turned to the cor
respondent and asked that verification
of the report he had heard be ob
tained. This was done and the Am
bassador quickly walked into the next
room to carry the news to Countess
Von Bernstorff.
"When he came back into his study
his eyes were moist, and he said:
"So it really is true. I'm so sorry.
However, as you know, I expected it.
I never expected anything else.
Return Is Puzzle.
"There was nothing left for the
United States to dt. I wonder how
I am going to get home. I suppose
I will get my passports any time now,
but I certainly am not surprised at
the action that has been taken. My
people in Berlin will not be surprised
r either. They knew what was com
ing when they declared unrestricted
submarine warfare. However, I have
simply been here to carry out the
Record for Prompt Assembling and
Early Publication of 'News
Is Maintained.
The bfgrgrest "story" of the war. over
shadowing the sinking:, of the Lusitanla,
was the actual break In diplomatic re
lations with. Germany, by President
Wilson yesterday.
The Oregonian was first to publish
this bis news happening to Portland.
At 8 o'clock yesterday morning:, while
Portlanders were on their way to of
fices and business places, they were
met by the extra, telling: in complete
detail of passports handed to Count von
Bernstorff. German Ambassador, and of
the termination of diplomatic relations
over the Kaiser's avowed Intent to
wagre relentless submarine warfare in
certain specified zones.
In bad been Intimated 1 In Friday's
dispatches that this break might come.
but the President kept his own counsel,
and this rumor could not be confirmed
until the break actually came yester
day morning:. .
The news was of the gravest Import.
The Oregonian was first In the field
with Its extra, which was not frag
mentary and Inconclusive, but complete
and authentic.
There was a tremendous demand for
the extras, and they were given a wide
sale. It waa another instance of The
Oregonian collecting promptly and pub
lishing In quick time the big news of
the world.
Governor Telegrapns President That
State Is Supporting Illm.
EALEJt, Or.. Feb. 8. (Special.)
Governor Withycombe forwarded the
following telegram today to President
Woodrow Wilson:
"You may depend upon It that Ore
gon will stand patriotically with you In
any National crisis that may arise. Now
is a time for the exercise of sane, sober
Judgment on the part of the American
people. During a crisis like this, a. git a
tlon and excitement should be depre
cated, and the people preservo as far
possible 'a cool, normal attitude. I
am particularly hopeful that the Ameri
can press avoid hysteria. It Is no time
for Jingoism."
Two Overland Trains Make Way
Through. Snow Blockade.
The line of the O.-W. R. & N.. which
was blockaded by heavy snow drifts
and slides in Kastern Oregon Friday, was
cleared early yesterday and two over
land trains, which escaped the last bliz
zard In Wyoming, arrived In Portland
early last night.
The Union Pacific line between Raw-
dins and Laramie, Wyo., again Is blocked
by heavy snow, and through traffic up
to a late hour last night had been sua
pended. O.-W. R. Sc. N. officials bad no
advices when the track would be
cleared, but no through trains are ex
pected to arrive In Portland before to
Boilers of Great Liner
Spoiled by Crew. .
Vessels Taken at Philadelphia,
Boston, Panama and at
' Newport News.
Navy Department Orders Is
sued Following Attempts
to Destroy Craft.
BOSTON, Feb. 3. The North Ger
man-Lloyd liner Kronprinzessin Ce
cilie, which was seized by the United
States Marshal Mitchell ' on a civil
process tonight, was found to : be
crippled beyond possibility of early
usefulness, according to an official
who assisted in the seizure.'
The liner's boilers were said to have
been cleared of all water, the fires
were burning at top capacity, and
countlers valves in the engine-room
had been mutilated, transferred or re
moved entirely, this official stated.
Crew Is Removed.
Captain Charles A. Polack and the
skeleton crew of 112 men who have
made the ship their home for more
than two years, had been put ashore
and housed for the time being at the
immigration bureau. , They made no
resistance. The German engineers,
firemen and others had been replaced
by American citizens and 50 men of
the city police force had been put on
board to protect the vessel from any
wilful damage.
tempt was made today to scuttle the
United States torpedo-boat destroyer
Jacob Jones by opening several of
her , eeacocks at, the Philadelphia
Navy-yard, according to unofficial
but reliable reports.
Officials at the yard refused either
to confirm or deny the reports, point-
(Concluded on Psg 6. Column l.
War ' Department . Again Asked for
Permission to Raise Division
of Volunteers If Needed.
OYSTER BAT. N. T., Feb. S. Theo
dore Roosevelt tonight pledged his sup
port to President .Wilson ia upholding
the honor of the United States.
He offered to the country his own
services and those of his four sons in
the event of hostilities.
Plans for a volunteer army division
to be commanded by the Colonel, which
his friends have worked on since the
sinking of the Lusltanla. again have
come to the front, and he admitted he
had asked the War Department for
permission to raise such a body of
"Of course I shall In every way sup
port the President In all that he does
to uphold the honor . of the United
States and to safeguard the lives of
American citizens," he said, "yesterday
I wrote to the War Department asking
permission to raise a division if war Is
declared and there Is a call for volun
teers. In such event I and my four
Bona will go."
Several thousand men have at vari
ous times communicated with Regis
Post, who has acted for Colonel Roose
velt In this connection, offering their
services under his command, and he
was flooded with telegrams today.
Among the men who have Informed
him they would accept commissions
under him are John Greenway, of Bls
bee, Ariz., and Seth Bullock, of Dead
wood, S. D.
Battle Fleet Commander Says Free
Patn Will Bo Won.
BERLIN1, Friday, via London. Feb. t.
Admiral Scheer, commander of the
German battle fleet, today telegraphed
the following to the Lokal Anzelger:
My slogan Is that ourfuture lies
on the water. However the British
sea Hon gnashes his teeth, we must and
will attack him until a free path on
the seas has been won."
Patrols on Wharves and In Harbor
Are Increased.
HONOLULU, T.- H., Feb Extra
precautions to guard against violations
of neutrality were taken today by Army
and .Navy forces here. Extra guards
were patrolling the wharves harboring
interned German .vessels.
The United States cruiser St. Louts
is patroling. the harbor.
Eighty-Mile Wind Sweeps Dakota
Storm of '88 Exceeded.
ABERDEEN. S. D., Feb.-8. An 80
mlle wind Is driving a blizzard worse
than that of 1888 east from Mobridge.
It struck here about 10 P. M. The
thermometer dropped 15 degrees in two
Housatonic Is Destroyed
Near Scilly Islands.'
Sensation Created at Wash
ington by Attack.
Crew Saved.
Effect Not Determined, as
Vessel's Cargo Classed as
Contraband of War.
LONDON, Feb. 3. The American
steamer Housatonic hap been sunk by
a German submarine.
The Housatonic was sunk near the
Scilly Islands.
The rumor is current that the Hou
satonic was sunk without warning.
The Housatonic was submarined at
noon. All the officers and crew were
saved by a British armed steamer.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. News of
the sinking of the Housatonic created
a sensation here.
Effect Not Determined.
State Department officials said it
would depend entirely on the circum
stances whether the incident would
affect the present situation. ,
The ship was carrying contraband
and if she was destroyed with proper
warning and provision for the safety
of her crew or in an attempt to es
cape, the United States merely would
have a claim for. damages, as in the
Frye case.
President's Words Recalled.
The first effect of the incident in
official quarters was to direct atten
tion anew to the President's declara
tion in his address to Congress today
that if American ships and lives were
sacrificed "in heedless contravention
of the just and reasonable under-
iConcluded on Page 2. Column l.
Senator Thomas Would Provide Half I
Billion for Preparedness.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 3. Senator
Thomas today introduced an amend
ment to the House bill proposing a
$500,000,000 non-Interest bearing treas-I
ury notes to put the Nation in a "state
of naval and military preparedness."
The amendment was read but not dis
cussed. The notes would be payable to
persons from whom the Government
purchased munitions, could be used to
pay taxes and would be redeemable in
(Concluded on Page 3, Column i-.
GIJO.N, Spain, via Paris, Feb. 3. The
Greek ateamer Hellcot has been tor
pedoed by submarine. Lifeboats con
taining the crew of the vessel arrived
here today.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. Tonight
President Wilson spent the entire even
ing alone in his study examining re-1
ports and reading of precedents a
pllcable to the present situation.
LONDON, Feb. 3. James W. Gerard, I
the American Ambassador, says a Ber
lin message received at Geneva and
transmitted by the Exchange Telegraph I
Company, saw Chancellor von Beth-
mann-HoIIweg late last night.
According to si report received la
Geneva from Manick, the Ambassador I
may have an audience with the Ger-1
man Emperor on Monday.
SEATTLE. Wash, Ken. S A dozen
men were placed on guard at the State
Armory tonight as . at precautionary
measure. No orders calling out any
portion of the state guard had been re. I
ecived at .the Adjutant-General's office I
ST. LOUIS, Mo, Feb. 4. A cordon of
police was thrown around the First
Regiment Armory here early today fol
lowing reports at police headquarters
that an attempt would be made to blow
np the Armory.
HARTFORD, Cons, Feb. 3 Gover
nor Holcomb today received a tele
phone mcsssge from Secretary of War
Baker, It was learned tonight, direct
ing him to take' steps to Insure the
readiness of the National Guard of the
state for any orders that might come.
The Governor ordered that all armories
be guarded.
.'. ' ' ' t
Collector of Customs Ordered to Be
Ready to Act at Any Time.
Aliens Not After Papers.
Instructions to take every precaution
necessary to guard against Internal dis
turbances In connection with the de
velopments from the breaking off of
diplomatic relations oetween Germany
and the .United States, have been re
ceived by United States District Attor
ney Reames. from the Department of
Justice In Washington. t
Mr. Reames says that he expects no
trouble to arise of a serious nature,
but he will ake every necessary pre
caution. Provisions against conspiracy
and against overt acts against the peace
and dignity of the Government are to
be made in every way possible.
No Immediate Interruption of the mall
service to the central powers Is ex
pected, although if makers develop to
a declaration of war it Is possible that
all communication, not only to Ger
many, but to her allies may be cut off.
Collector of Customs Burke received
instructions from Washington yester
day to hold himself in readiness to re
celve Instructions at any time and the
Saturday half-holiday jtras omitted. Ills
interest will be directed chiefly toward
the interned German ships In the car
Unlike the foreign residents of San
Francisco, the unnaturalized Germans
In Portland have made no rush to the
County Clerk's office to take out first
citizenship papers.
First paper, being merely declara
tion of Intention to become a citizen,
do not, however, confer Immunity from
Internment In case of war.
Residents Across Border Acclaim
Cause of Germans.
BROWNSVILLE. Tex.. Feb. 8. There
waa a small demonstration by German
sympathizers In Matarooros. Mexico,
opposite here, tonight, when a report
from Mexico. City was published that
Germany had declared war against the
United States, A small crowd paraded
the streets shouting "Vive Ale man la
(Long live Germany). .
Unusually heavy guards were thrown
around the United States Arsenal at
Harlingcn, Tex., tonight on lnstruc
tions from the War Department.
Night Work In Bakeries and Sale of
' Fresh Bread Forbid.
BERNE, Switzerland, via Paris. Feb.
3. In view ot the critical situation
created by the German submarine cam
paign. the Federal Council has decided
on a number of measures tending to
restrict food consumption.
Among these measures are prohlbl
tlon of night work in bakeries and the
sale of fresh bread.
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The Weather.
LVESTERDAVs Maximum temperature, 1
degree.; minimum. 4U degrees.
TODAlfS Partly cloudy; southerly winds.
Diplon-tle Break.
Relation, are broken with Germany. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
American steamer Housatonle sunk by Ger
man submarine. Section 1. page 1.
German aples watched at Chicago. Section
1, page -'.
Teutons rush to file declaration of Intent to
become citizens. Segtlon 1. page 2.
Chicago Board of Trade closes seaalon to
show patriotism. Section 1. page 4.
Leaders in Congress indorse President's ac
tion. Section 1, page o.
Shipping out of New York is held up. See
lion 1. page z.
Two hundred Americana victims of German
submarines. Section 1. page 7.
Colonel offers self and sons for war. Seo
tlon 1, page 1.
Interned vessel st Boston found on being
seized to be ruined. Section 1, page 1.
Hlatory points to war after break In rela
tlons. Section 1. page 8. '
Many precautionary steps taken. Section 1.
page B.
Road legislation to be tinder consideration
this week. Section 1. page 11.
Olympla prepares to support President.
Section 1, page 10. -Foreign.
Poison plot to kill David Lloyd George is
bared. Section 1, page 6.
Four killed. 60 hurt, in Iowa train wreck.
Section 1, page 3.
Pacific Northwest.
Rosd programme for Northwest laid ont at
Pasco. Section 1. page lo.
Group of honor men catch three prison fu
gitives, section l. page iu.
Annual dairy and products .how for Port
land possible, ejection 1, page 11.
Edgar B. Prank goes East to get wrestlers
for May mat meet, bectlon 2, psgs 1.
Mike Gibbons can beat Darcr easily, says
Walter Miller. Section 2. page 1.
Baseball strike wlU not bother Beavers.
Section 2. page 2.
Leading lnterscbolastlo fives to 'play this
week. Section 2. page 2.
Fast Billy Mascott ready for Eddie Camp!
Tuesday night, feectlon 2, page a.
American last In dograce; Cres half-breed
wins. Section 2, page-4.
Portland and Vicinity.
Last hours' rush for liquor shipments is
iresvy. Section 1. page 18.
Oregon has 240O men under arms. Section
1. page 3.
Mr. Reames told to prevent plots. Section
1. Page 1-
S. G. Lsthrop to handle finances of Audi
torium concerts, feectlon 1., page 18.
First news of great war happening given
oy in. uregoman, section l. page 1.
Oregon grocers to convene here February
in to xi. section i. page 18.
J. H. Dyer declares Southern Pacific is
meeting car shortage emergency. Sec
tion 1. page Its.
Increase granted carmen by trolley com'
pany. bectlon 1. page 17.
T. M. C. A. plans year's campaign for en
tertainment and members. section 1.
page 14.
Divorces and sensational literature blamed
for divorces, bectlon 1. page 12.
Socialist hissed for unpatriotic talk before
Civic League. Section 1. page 6.
Portlanders of German birth reserve com
meat on break, bectlon 1, psgs 7.
Weather report, data and forecast. . Ectt6n
2. page lis
'asspoils Are Handed to
Von Bernstorff.
Sacrifice of American Lives
Means War, Says Wilson in
Speech to Congress,
Machinery Swiftly Set in Mo
tion to Check Plots and
Guard Property.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. President
Wilson has broken-off diplomatic re
lations with Germany and warned the
Kaiser that ruthless sacrifice of
American lives and rights means war.'
Similar action is waiting for Aus
tria when she notifies this Govern
ment that she joins in the campaign of
unrestricted submarine warfare.
The President made formal an
nouncement of his action to the coun
try and to the world today at a joint
session of Congress. ;
Passports Handed Von Bernstorff.
Passports have been -handed te
Count von Bernstorff; Ambassador
Gerard, with all his staff and all
American Consuls, have been ordered
out of Germany. All German Con
suls In the United States are expected
to withdraw, that the severance of re
lations may be complete.
American diplomatic interests in
Berlin have been turned over to Spain;
German diplomatic interests in the
United States have been taken over
by Switzerland. Foreign diplomatic
interests which the United States had
charge in Germany have been
turned over to various neutrals.
Secret Moves Under Way.
Two years of diplomatic negotia
tions, marked with frequent ' crises
and attended with the loss of mora
than 200 American lives on the high'
seas, have culminated with art act
which in all the history of all the
world has always led to war. Every
agency of the American Government
has been set in motion to protect the
country against acts of German sym
pathizers. These moves are of neces
sity being kept secret.
With the notice of severance of
diplomatic relations the United States .
sent to Berlin a demand for the im
mediate release of 64 Americans taken
from ships captured by German raid
ers in the South Atlantic.
New Laws Being Framed.
At the request of the President,
Congress immediately after hearing
his address, began work on new laws
framed by the Department of Justice
to check conspiracies and plots against
the United States which cannot now
be reached under existing statutes.
The question of convoying Ameri
can merchant ships through the sub
marine blockade has been taken up
and is being considered as one of the
next moves by this Government.
Neutrals Invited to Join.
Neutral governments have been no
tified of the action of the United
States and have been openly invited
to follow its action if the new sub
marine campaign violates their rights.
The actual breaking off of rela
tions came with a crash, despite the
fact that it had been practically
determined upon last night. The
President returned from his night con
ference with the Senators determined
that a break in relations was the only
act "consistent with the dignity and
the honor of the United States." Ha
worked most of the night preparing
his address to Congress.
Bernstorff Not Surprised.
At 10:30 o'clock this morning it
became known that Ambassador Ger
ard had been ordered home and that
passports had been sent to Count von
Bernstorff. Although there was no
official confirm ition of the President's
decision until he formally . announced
it himself to Congress, the knowledge
spread rapidly. '
Count von Bernstorff heard it un
officially, w;hile talking with an Asso
ciated Press correspondent. While
apparently moved, he was not sur-
Concluded en Pase 8, Column