Skmfam Jill mtt$ 62 Pages SIX SECTIONS Pages 1 to 16 VOL. XXXV. NO. 53. PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, DECE3IBER 31, 191G. PRICE FIVE CENTS. Section One ENTENTE ALLIES REJECT PROFFER Proposal Galled Empty and Insincere. FULL REPARATION DEMANDED Note From Central Powers Is Declared to Be Merely "War Maneuver." BLAME PUT ON GERMANY Foe Accused of Attempting to Impose German Peace and to Influence Neutrals. PARIS, Dec. 30. In reply to the proffer of Germany and her allies for a peace conference, the entente al lies, in a collective note, declare that they "refuse to consider a proposal which is empty and insincere." The note was handed to the American Am bassador, William Graves Sharp, to day by Premier Briand, and was made public simultaneously in London and Paris. The entente allied governments in sist that no peace is possible so long as they have not secured reparation for violated rights and liberties and the free existence of small states and have not brought about a settlement for the future security of the world. Proposal Called "War Maneuver." The note declares that the proposal of the central powers is not an offer of peace, but a "war maneuver." It is declared to be founded on "cal culated misinterpretation of the char acter of the struggle in the past, the present and the future." The note does not specifically out line the definite war aims of any of the entente governments except Bel gium. Before the war, it is pointed out, Belgium asked for nothing but to live in harmony with her neighbors. Assailed in spite of the treaties guar anteeing her inviolability, Belgium, the note says, has taken up arms to defend her independence and "her neutrality violated by Germany." Reparation Held Necessary. ' Belgium's aim, which is declared to be the only aim of her King and gov ernment, is described as "the re-estab lishment of peace and justice. But they only desire peace which would assure to their country legitimate rep aration, guarantees and safeguards for the future." The note, which is the joint act of Belgium, France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Portugal, Rou mania, -Russia and Serbia, declares that the present strife was desired, provoked and declared by Germany A, 17,... .. .. J , 1 r tuiu uii m-iiuutai v. diiu LiiaL uei - nv mnrl no effort tn Virin nhrmt a pacific solution of the trouble be tween Serbia and Austeia-Hungary, (Concluded on Fage Column 1.) ssfL r-crv JAavrvr ?trzs.rer jja C I 'It I . -v Y 1 C7 li A-rrr I ' , . 1 1 I 11 I I r- sTZ. FRENCH CRUISER IS SUNK BY TORPEDO GAUIiOIS, LISTED AS BATTLE SHIP, IS LOST. Only Four of Crew Killed, Two by Explosion Vessel in Mediter ranean When Struck. PARIS, Dec. 31. The French armored cruiser Gaulols was torpedoed in the Mediterranean Sea on December 27 and sank in a half hour, according to of ficial announcement. Owing to the coolness of the crew and the arrival of patrol boats there were only four victims, two of whom were killed by the explosion. The naval registers list the Gau iois as a battleship of 11.260 tons' dis placement and a jijpmplement of 63 men. She carried 42 guns. The battle ship Gaulois served in the Dardanelles operations but was sent back to Toulon in March, 1915, for repairs. It is pos sible that an armored cruiser has. re placed it. TWIN SISTERS WED AT 25 Miss Alma M. and Anna E. Erlck- son, of Clatskanie, Married. VANCOUVEn, Wash., Dec. 30. (Spe cial.) Twin sisters. Miss Alma M. Erickson and Miss Anna E. Erickson. 25 years of age, of Clatskanie, Or., were married here today in a double wedding ceremony by Judge R. H. Back, of the Superior Court. Their husbands respectively were Daniel Westlind, age; 25. and John E. Olson. . both also of Clatskanie. Ten couples came to Vancouver to day, walking over the uncompleted Interstate Bridge in the cold wind to be married. BUSINESS RUSH STAYS LAW Jitney Driver to Serve Sentence After New Year. SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 30. (Spe cial.) Jacob Seltzer, a Jitney driver. arrested eight times in six' months for violating the traffic laws, was sen tenced by Police Judge Sullivan o day to jail for 48 hours. "Please, Judge, your honor," said Seltzer, "don't send me to jail today. I lose my Saturday, Sunday and New Year's business If you do. If you make it Tuesday I'll come back and begin serving my time then." His plea was granted. HUNDREDS LOSE POSITION City of Chicago Hands Out Blue Envelopes for New Year's Gifts. CHTC A GO, Dec. 30. Hundreds of em ployes of the city of Chicago today re ceived New Year's greetings lit the form of blue envelopes, expressing readiness to recommend them highly for other Jobs, but informing them their present jobs will be vacant after January 1. A recent order of the City Council directed department heads to cut ex penses 25 per cent during January and 14 per cent during the remainder of the year. FILIPINO CAN'T BE CITIZEN Applicant Neither White, of African Descent, Nor Native, Says Court. HONOLULU. Dec. 30. United States District Judge Vaughan in a decision handed down here today holds that Filipinos are ineligible for naturaliza tion, inasmuch as they are neither white, of African descent nor native born. The case before the court was that of a Filipino policeman who petitioned the court for naturalization papers. Salt Lake Faces Fuel Famine. SALT LAKE CITY. Dec. 30. With one car of coal arriving in Salt Lake I during the last 24 hours, the city is facing a fuel famine. Retail dealers have been forced to refuse further or ders and the situation is regarded as acute. COMMENTS TN flEBELS MENACING TO CARRANZA RULE First Chief's Attitude on Protocol Firm, CONCERN DAILY INCREASES Army Men Say Pershing Expe dition Should Retire. POSITION HELD DANGEROUS Policy of Washington Administra tion Not Changed and American Army Will Likely Remain Exposed to Attacks. LAREDO, Tex., Dec. 30. Six machine ajuns, mounted on motor cars, were tent hurriedly down the Rio Grande from Laredo about 10 o'clock tonight. quickly followed by a motorcycle Mquad. Military authorities declined to give out any Information. It lit believed, however, that new at tempts are veins made to enter Mexico by a flllbuaterlmg- expedition. WASHINGTON. Dee. 30. Increasing evidence that General Carranza's gov ernment is being menaced by bands of insurgents, coupled with the prospect that the first chief will not accept the Atlantic City protocol, has brought the Mexican situation to a stage that is causing growing concern. Officials admit that the conditions are embarrassing. Some high officers are urging that Pershing's men be withdrawn as a military step and re gardless of conditions, but it is insisted that so far there has been no change In the Administration policy. The American members of the joint com mission which drew the Atlantic City protocol will meet here Tuesday to dis cuss Carranza's request for modifica tion and to consider whether any basis is offered for further conferences with the Mexican commissioners. Troop Withdrawal Again Asked. Charles A. Douglas, an attorney foY the Carranza government, saw Coun sellor Polk, of the State Department, today and is understood to have made a further plea for withdrawal of the troops. Several Army officers of high rank are no longer attempting to conceal their Impatience of the Joint commis sion's failure to secure ratification of an agreement, and openly are urging that the altered conditions in Mexico make it imperative to bring the 12,000 men now In Mexico to positions on the border where they could be handled to better advantage if it becomes neces sary. Reports to the State and War depart ments today supported unofficial ad vices indicating that Villa Is rapidly gaining strength in Northern Mexico that makes his suppression by the Car ranza army appear doubtful. Dlaa-Followers Make Trouble. At the same time followers-of Felix Diaz are said to be making trouble in the south, while Manuel Palaez and other reljel leaders are gaining ground in the oe'ntral portions of the republic The official advices indicated that the Carranza forces in Saltlllo two days ago were anticipating an attack by Villa forces. The Governor of the state had directed that the govern ment archives be prepared for removal, and many prominent civilians and of ficers had sent their families to the border. Villa's operations in the past few weeks have convinced Army men here that he and other leaders of the re- (Concluded on Pge '2, Column 2.) PICTURES BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON SOME EVENTS IN THE WEEK'S NEWS. BIG PICTORIAL EDITION TO APPEAR TOMORROW. The Oregonian Annual, which will be issued tomorrow, New Year's day, will be the most com plete pictorial number ever pub lished by any newspaper in Ore gon. In addition to the regular news section, it will contain four special sections devoted to the progress of Portland and Oregon. One section will present entirely in pictures the chief activities of the state, including industrial, farming, shipping and scenic views. Another section will con tain exclusive Portland scenes. Two other sections will review, by picture and story, the chief activities of both city and state. The shipbuilder industry espe cially will be featured. Tomor row's Oregonian will be a com plete pictorial Oregon number. INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 2U degrees; minimum, 24 degrees. TODAY'S Unsettled, probably snow flurrlea. wisterly wlnda. War. Washington aurprlaed by entente attitude on peace suggestions. Section 1. page 4. Germans continue aucceaaea In Roumanla. Section 2, page 4. Entente allU-s flatly reject German peace proffer. Section 1, page 1. French cruller is sunk by torpedo. Section 1, pag? 1. Mexico. Washington regards rebela as serious menace to Carranza rule. Section 1, page 1. National. Government may put small duty on wool, sugar and coffee. Section 1, page 2. President ca'ln on Senator to urge supple mentary railroad laws. Section 1, page 3. Domestic fnlv-rflty of r'allfornla has 105 Orcgoniana enrolled. Section I, page S. Two in Arizona take oath as Governor. Section 1, page 3. Steamer Malt I with two Tortlanders aboard goes aground In South Seas. Section 2, page 6. Pacific Northwest. Secretary of State Olcott has plan to elimi nate great election expense. Section 1. page 10. A. A. C all ready for farmers' week. Sec tion 1. pace 8. University budget for blennlum Is S70C.03O. St-Ctlon 1. page 10. J. A. Drake, agent for The Oregonian at Pendleton 28 years. Section 1. page 9. Interstate bridge is crossed by 10O0 persons while Icq blocks terry. Section 1. page S. Multnomah Senators select new scats at Salem. Section 1. page 1. Clackamas Industries expanding. Section 1. page 7. Carver line to lone S350.000 bonds for ex tension. Section 2, page 7. Results or Prohibition. Oregon prospers under first year of prohi bition, records show, ejection 1, page 14. One-time saloons are now busy stores. Sec tion 1, page 14. Year's imports total 169.904 shipments. Sec lion 1, page l. Mayor Albee ease prohibition has Improved Portland's moral tone. Section 1. pago 14. I Portland and Vicinity. E. J. Richards is killed by train. Section 1, page 10. Richard H. Thornton says living costs leas In London than in Portland. Section 1. Page 18. Oregon Teachers' Association will meet her each year. Section 1, pace 12. Forty-fivers" to perfect club organization Thursday. Section 1, page 12. Milwaukee educator p raises scenery and says Portland can draw teachers. Section 1, page 12. Retiring County Judge Cleeton submits final report. Section 1, page 13. Northwest Steel Company shuts down, men strike. Section 1, page 7. 1917 to be first N.w Year to greet sober Portland. Section 1, page 12. Onus Is put on state In Hyde land fraud case. .Section 1, page 12. $3,000,000 spent In Oregon In 1916 by rail roads, section l, page xo. Savings deposits In state gain $7,000,000 in year. Section 1, page 16. Portland In grip of Siberian cold. Section 1, Page 1. HeiUg concert Is artistic success. Section 1, page 6. I. W. W. to ask separate Jury trials. Section 1, pagt. lb. . Jitney Drivers' Union wants Llnnton fran chise, section i, page 10. All lines of trade gain by millions. Section 1, page 1. Weather report, data and forecast. Section 2. page 6. Ryman will set aside by Judge Cleeton. Bee tlon 2, page 7. Title to Monarch Mills restored to original company. Section 2. page 14. High tribute paid Judge McGinn, who retires from bench, section 2, page 14. $60(f fee awarded attorneys of depositors. Section 2. page 14. New York Post Japanese supplement to be distributed here, section 2, page 14. GRIP COLr OF SIBERIAN Frigid Blasts Blow From Far North. STORMS MAY LINGER AWHILE Salvation Army and Other Re lief Workers Are Busy. CHILDREN ENJOY SNOW Skaters Venture on Lakes, but Quit When Some Fall Througli- Ice Ties Up Vancouver Kerry ant! People Cross on Bridge. night out of Siberia came the storm that has brought real Winter to Port uu. in irom frigid Behrlng Sea swept the center of the low-pressure area, which was central over Kodlak Island Friday, and yesterday It had moved east until it was over Valdez, Alaska. From Dutch Harbor, on the chain of Aleutian Islands pointing westward from Alaska directly to the origin of the trouble, and from St. Paul Island L..cr norm, messages came to the Weather Bureau telling of the oncom ing disturbance In things atmospheric. The low area covers Northwest Can ada. while it Is high over most of the united States. Cold and Stortaa In Prospect. i ms low area m.nv swine- rl.n, 1 . . tnrough the Middle West and cut the high-pressure area In two say the weather-wise. This may me"sn cold winds and general Winter storm conditions for the Pacific N.irih.n.i ror some days to come. Snow flurries are forecast '--r tndtv without much change in temperatures! generally cold weather Is anticipated suu it seems naeiy that tomorrow will genuine winter holiday. No heavy snowfall, however, is in the cards for today, says E. A. Beals, fore caster lor this district. Vancouver Ferry Stops. Testerday the thermometer regis tered the day's coldest from G tn j o'clock, when the mercury stood at 24 ueBrees. just one degree warmer than tno previous day. rri , . . . iue com snap nas tied ud river traffic between Portland and The Dalles. The Vancouver ferry la out of commission because of the ice in the river, and pedestrians walked across the Interstate Bridge yesterday to ef fect a crossing of the Columbia. Ice is running In the Lower Columbia River and interfering with steamboat traffic there. Relief Workers In Action. The city's poor are feeling tho harsh nip of Winter, and the Salvation Army was busy yesterday with relief work. Many families lacking fuel and cloth ing were compelled to make their wants known and sought the Army headquarters for supplies. All these calls are being attended to as fast aa possible. Th other side of the picture is the Joy brought to the youngsters by the blanket of snow. Coasting parties are in high favor in and about the city, ".nd the merry ring of alelghbells la heard every now and again. Skaters Break Through Ice. Skaters ventured out to Guild's Lake yesterday, where that sport was ru mored to be available. However, It was found that some had broken through the ice and the lake was abandoned generally. Today and to morrow, if the weather holds, will (Concluded or. Pag 10. Column .-. PORTLAND SENATORS SELECT SEATS AT SALEM MULTNOMAH DELEGATION SITS ON WEST SIDE OF C HAMBER. House Arrangement Provided For at Last Session Legislative Acts Are Being Made Ready. SALEM, Or., Dec. 30. (Special.) Multnomah County Senators have se lected a new location in tho Senate chamber at the Capitol for the coming session. For many years they have been seated in the east Bide of the chamber, but this year they have chosen seats on the west side, in the two back rows. The Senators from Multnomah, Marlon and the Eastern Oregon coun ties will practically monopolize the 15 desks on that side of tho chamber, while Senators from the other counties will be sent to the east. In the House the seating arrangement was provided for this session In a reso lution passed at the last Legislature by the House. Under that arrangement tho Multnomah members also have the two back rows on the west side of the house. Directly In front of them will be the Marion delegation and a number of Eastern Oregon members. Work of getting ready for the legis lative session Is now well under way. Desk have been polished, tables taken from the basement and the committee rooms are being cleaned out and fur nished. The old carpet in tho House, which has been on the floor for 25 years, though ragged, torn and worn, proba bly will be compelled to do service for another session at least. An effort was made to secure fundus for a new carpet the last night of the last session, but In the confusion of the closing hours It was overlooked. FISHER IS ADRJFT AT SEA Searchers Seek Bay Center Mun. Missing Since Friday. SOUTH BEND. Wash., Dec. 30. (Spe cial.) Alarm la felt for the safety of William Calhoun, well-known Bay Cen ter crab fisherman. He Is thought to be In distress In an open crab boat be tween the Wlllapa and Columbia bars, or has probably drifted north. Searching, parties from Bay Center and Tokeland. as well as tho North Cove and Grays Harbor llfesaving crews, have been searching for him Ills friends hope that other lifesavers at Neah Bay and elsewhere will make efforbs to save him. Calhoun has been missing since Friday afternoon. WET WEEK IS PREDICTED Weatlier Bureau Says Tempera I tires Will Be Near Normal. WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Weather predictions for the week beginning Sunday issued by tho Weather Bureau today are: "Pacific states Probably frequent rains in Washington. Oregon and Northern California; temperatures near normal." WEDDINGS SC0RE RECORD More Than 67,000 Licenses Issued in New York City In 19 1G. NEW YORK, Dec. 30. In spite of the high cost of living, more marriage licenses were Issued at the marriage license bureau in this city In 1916 than ever before, it was 'announced tonight. The total for the year was 67,133 i compared with 59,646 In 1915. . PRESIDENT HURTS ANKLE Mr. WiIm.ii Slips While Playing Golf, Wrenching Joint. WASHINGTON. Dec. 30. President Wilson fell on a slippery hillside while playing golf today and wrenched his ankle. He was able to continue the game but walked with a decided limp the rest of the day. T E IN ALL LINES GAINS BY MILLIONS High Prices and Ships Bring Prosperity. BIG AND LITTLE WEN BENEFIT Bank Clearances Increased $95,329,385 Over 1915. POSTOFFICE YEAR IS BIG lttiihliiig Permits, for First Time in Five Years, Show Increase, and Important Projects Consid ered for New Year. 1 1 1 1 ". 1 ' INDUSTRIAL, CUMMER. CI AX. 1 smiM'IM. ITEMS IN IJII6. Portland bank clear ings 1643.775.141 Portland postal re ceipts 1.216.671 Portland buildinir per mits 6.049, 145 Oregon's lumber cut (feet) 1.700.000,000 Oregon's crop valua tion 155.000.000 Contracts for ships... 25.000,000 Wheat exports (bu.).. 1.638.463 Flour exports (bble.) S5.903 Lumber exports (feet) 22,341,713 Domestic wheat ship ments (bushels)... 1,563.376 Domestic flour ship ments (bbls.) 600,746 Domestic lumber ship ments (feet) 10$. 695.000 BT CHARLES W. MYERS. Portland again is on tho upgrade. There is a substantial revival in all lines of business, and there are evi dences of an awakened confiderce everywhere. Today closes a year crowded with unusual situations, and yet business and Industry weathered the effects of a Presidential campaign and restricted snipping conattions ana made material gains over the recoTds of tho previous year. The new year will begin aus piciously for Portland and Oregon. IlKh Prices anil hlp Responsible. A relatively normal crop production, but unusually high prices for prod ucts and the unprecedented activity iQ shipbuilding, were the chief factors that contributed to busines improve ment. The value of soil production In Oregon totaled $1 55.000.000, a gain of $25,000,000 over 1915. Contracts for ships placed with Ore gon yards aggregated approximately 12.1.000.000 virtually all foreign money. The stimulus from these factors al ready has been felt, but it will not reach Its crux for some time to come. Wholesalers Also Prosper. A marked improvement in the whole sale trade over a year ago and gains in some of the industries, notably woolen and Turniture manufacture.-, also were important features of the year's showing. Many of the small manufacturing plants report a much larger volume of business than a year ago. Improvement tn the retail trade also has been a source of satisfaction. Proof that Portland 1-. steadily forg ing ahead and is on the verge of a really prosperous era is found in the volume of its bank clearings. Clear ances Iiave been making consistent gains from month to month through out the year. They have established t Concluded on Page l Column 7.) RAD GASOLI IN E SUPPLY NEARLY EXHAUSTED? ONtY LAST ABOUT" STANOAflO OIL CO AV&siL lip B 8 i i I "C? Z"" WUfj J "'