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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 16
VOL. XXXV. NO. 53.
PORTLAND, OREGOX, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 24, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BUT TURN OF CLOCK
Santa Drives His Rein
deer Here Tonight.
CHILDHOOD'S BIG HOUR GOMES
Portland, Prosperous, Con
tented, in Holiday Mood.
ICHURCHES TO CELEBRATE
Spirit of Good Will la Everywhere
Manifested by Sappy Faces,
Cheerful Greetings and Ob
servance of Customs.
BT CLARK H. WIT.TJAM3.
Christmas Is at tbe door. It waits
but the turning of the clock around.
Tonight Krta K.rlngle -will drive his
fleet-footed reindeer from out the
North to Portland.
Many an eager-eyed child not yet
grown worldly wise who still Is near
enough the land of dreams to be atune
to the thing's most unreal, yet most
worth-while, will hear the scamper of
the flying hoofs of Santa's scurrying
Santa Claus is real tonight. Nothing
in all the world more so than this
patron saint of the children's holiday.
And the holiday, too, of all of older
years who still cherish In their hearts
that vital spark of youth eternal.
Christmas Meant for Childhood.
Christmas is meant for childhood. A
child of sacred memory brought the
day straight out of heaven to earth.
It was established here that man,
grown weary and overburdened with
his workaday life, might turn again
the backward look to the source of all
good things and the supreme love that
gave Christmas to the world.
While the lids of tired but eager eyes
hang heavy tonight, fighting off Im
pending sleep to catch old white
whiskered Santa Claus to his tricks of
sliding down chimneys and filling ex
pectant stockings, that blessed holiday-maker
will : illy and truly come,
Co silently that none wholly out of the
land of dreams may hear him, and he
will fill every single stocking and
whisk away again so eluslvely that
none shall mark the flying canter of
Santa's Glfta for All.
None need doubt there is a Santa
Claus. His gifts are for every single
one, but the best thing in his whole
pack Is for those of older years who
gladden the heart of a child. Those
Who can make the bright eyes of youth
grow brighter have the greatest re
ward. To those who cannot do this
wonderful thing Christmas is not worth
Christmas greetings are in the air,
the spirit of the holiday is here and
need not wait another day before it
finds expression. Compliments of the
season are Interchanged by friends, the
good fellowship and human sympathy
that are most marked at holiday time
are everywhere. It. Is the time of good
will to men. If not peace on earth.
Christmas brings a meaning to the
hearts and minds of men from out the
centuries and from far-away Bethle
hem's child. Portland heeds the mes
sage and will celebrate in the true
uplrlt of the day. Peace lavishes her
blessings here, where wars that terrify
sJl a hemisphere are unknown.
Portland is prosperous and content.
I That she is not gross and worldly is
I attested by the most liberal Christmas
buying in its history; a fact that speaks
volumes for thoughts of others and
devotion to the highest sentiments.
In Portland churches today will be
(Concluded on Page 14, Column 5.)
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' I ' ' " ! ""v .
CRUSOE IS RESCUED
SHIPWRECKED AMERICAN SAIL
OR LANDS IN WILDS.
Berries, Etc., Only Food for Days.
Indians From Whom He Flees
Prove to Be Friendly.
WASHINGTON. Dec 23. Like tba
tale of Robinson Crusoe Is the report
reaching Acting Secretary of Commerce
Sweet today on the shipwreck and res
cue of Gustave Nelson, an American
sailor, one of three survivors of the
steamer Edward L. Hines, which went
down in a storm in the Caribbean Sea
Friday. October 13.
After floating nine days on a piece
of wreckage, aided by an improvised
sail, with nothing to eat and only a
little water collected during showera
to drink. Nelson reached Honduras.
There he lived in the wilds for eight
days, eating berries and small fruits
until he met three Indians. . He ran
from these, but they overtook him and
proved to be friendly Caribs.
They took him to the American Con
sul at Tela, J. Rivers, who reported the
story. Nelson has been sent hack to
New Orleans and expects to join his
family In Boston.
Another sailor, Frederick Troutman,
who was with Nelson on the wreck
age, drank salt water, became crazed
and when they sighted land he jumped
Into the water to swim, but drowned.
Two other members of the crew, a Nor
wegian and a Spaniard, were afloat at
sea on a hatch cover for 13 days w' "i
rainwater to drink and two gulls,
caught with their bare hands, to eat
raw. They landed on Utllla Island and
were reported by F. J. Dyer, American
Consul at Celba.
WEATHER TO BE VARIABLE
Temperatures Along; Coast Will
Average Near Normal.
WASHINGTON, Dec 23. Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Sunday, December 24, issued by the
Weather Bureau today, are:
Rocky Mountain and plateau regions
Snow is probable in northern and
central and rain in southern parts at
the beginning and after Wednesday.
Temperatures will be below season
normal, decidedly so over the northern
Pacific states Unsettled 'weather
with frequent rains probable. Tem
peratures will average near the normal.
ASHLAND SNOW 8 INCHES
Fall In Sisklyous Two Feet Deep
and Trains Are Delayed.
ASHliAND, Or.. Dec. 23. (Special.)
Eight inches of snow covered the
entire valley this morning and condi
tions tonight promised more.
Trains were somewhat delayed, vary
ing from a half hour north to three
hours from southern points. The snow
fall on the Sisklyous is reported two
SNOW SLIDE KILLS MINER
Party of Seven Caught by Avalanche
OURAT, Colo., Dec 23. Snow slides
claimed ther second victim within two
days here today when an avalanche
caught a party of seven miners on their
way here to spend Christmas.
Elmer Anderson was killed, but his
six companions escaped with minor in
juries. JOHN D. GIVES MEN $10
Each Employe on Estate Receives
Gold Piece and Greetings.
NEW YORK. Dec. 23. John D.
Rockefeller's Christmas present to
each of the employes on his Tarrytown
estate is a $10 gold piece, inclosed In a
case, on which Is printed "The Season's
Greetings from John D. Rockefeller."
CHRISTMAS-EVE THOUGHTS ON SOME LIVE
ROADS GIVE 8-HOUR
DAY TO SWITCHMEN
Wages Increased Five
. Cents an Hour.
PAY FOR DAY 40 CENTS LESS
Federal Board of Arbitration
Makes Time Optional.
SENIORITY WILL PREVAIL
Older Men in Service to Have First
Chance to Work Ten Honrs If
They So Wish Report
Is Not Unanimous.
NEW YORK. Dec. 23. An eight-hour
day. an increase in wages of S cents an
hour and a straight pro rata overtime
was granted to the members of the
switchmen's union employed by 13
Eastern and Middle Western railroads
In an award filed here today by the
Federal Board of Arbitration that
heard their differences.
The decision of the Board had been
eagerly awaited by the railroads in
general and the four major brother
hoods of railroad trainmen for what
bearing It might have on the contro
versy between them over the Adamson
act. In which the eight-hour day Is a
question at Issue.
Day Hied mt ELK lit Bonn.
The decision says that "eight hours
or less shall constitute a days work,"
gives "an Increase of 5 cents an hour
on the present rates of pay and rules
that overtime shall be paid at pro
rata, rates" to be computed "on the
basis of the actual minutes worked"
Switchmen at present receive a
maximum hourly rate of 40 cents. The
award increases this rate to 45 cents so
that, as explained tonight by Judge
Charles B. Howry., chairman of the
Board, on the eight-hour basis they
will receive-13.60 for a day's work 40
cents less than they received under
the. ten-hour basis. By working ten
hours under the new rate, they will
receive 34.50. or 60 cents more than
under the old rate
Burden Falls en Roads.
In a statement appended to the award
by Judge Howry and Professor Jere
miah W. Jenks, the neutral members of
the board of six. it Is declared that the
long hours of switchmen do not imply
"excessive physical labor"; that It has
been established "It will not be possi
ble to make the actual working eight
hour day effective In the case of mnr.
than a small percentage of the switch
ing crews- ana that "with the excep
tion of one experiment, the testimony
was unanimous to the effect that the
efficiency of switchmen on the shorter
workday would be only sliehtlv in
creased so that the burden of the short
er hours would fall almost entirely
upon the railroads."
While the switchmen asked for a 10-
cent increase, the statement emphasizes
the point that the 5-cent advance is the
largest given In any arbitration. The
increase was granted, the neutral arbt.
trators explain, because of the high
cost of living and "hazards and hard
ships of the work."
Decision Net Unanimous
"The Increase." they state. "lminM
a heavy burden upon the railroad,
which, owing to the Interstate com
merce law, they are unable to transfer
to the shippers and thence to the
They add that "5it is the dutv of the
properly constituted governmental au
thorities to protect railway interests in
this regard, so far as it is necessary."
The arbitrators were not unanimous
(Concluded on Page 7, Column 1.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 89
degrees; minimum. ZZt desreea.
TODAY'S Ram, probably part snow. Sun
day and Monday; south to southwest
Berlin sees aim of weakneaa In Lloyd
George' speech. Section 1, pas 6.
Prominent neutrals differ on outlook for
peace. Section 1. pace 3.
French families excuse Santa la Interest of
economy. Section 1. pass 2.
Britain considers American note above all
other topic. Section 1. pace 4.
Modern Robinson Crusoe rescued. Section 1.
Thomas W. Lawson says ha made millions
on advance Information from Waahlns
ton. Section 1, page 4.
Passenger routs train robber In pistol duel.
Section 1. page 1.
Chicago puts lid on New Year's eve festivi
ties. Section 1, page S.
Japan's new naval policy worries Washing
ton. Section 1, page 1.
Sight-hour day and wage Increase granted
switchmen. Section 1, page 1.
President's note designed to get details of
peace terms. Section 1. page 1.
Republican Leader Mann repudiated by Rep
resentative Gardner following Indorsement
of peace cote. Section 1. page 6.
Malls swamped with Christmas gifts. Sec
tion 1, page S.
Navy upsets efforts to agree on oil land
claims. . Section 1. page 2.
Mrs. Josephine Preston leads statehouse of
ficers in recent election. Section 1.
Night rider case ends la acquittal. Section
1. page 7.
Commonwealth conference to consider road
code. Section 1, page 10.
Washington Legislature to see fight to
make state bone dry. Section 1. page 9.
Albany man receives assassin's bomb. Sec
tlon 1, page S.
Last span of Intertsate bridge goes Into po
sition. Section 1. page 8.
Governor has plan tor centralized power.
Section 1, page 9.
State may get (500,000 from Hyde lands.
Section 1, page 6.
MeCredies hope to get first baseman from
Cleveland. Section 2, page 2.
Portland to have three 18-hole golf courses.
Section 2. page 8.
Bronson-Madden fight expected to be fast.
Section 2, page 8.
Xoblo has five offers to eoach, but bualneae
may defeat gridiron ambitions. Section
2, page 2.
Two bllliardlsts In tourney yet unbeaten,
section 2. pact 2.
Les Darcy arrives to fight a few fights
here, then he's off to war for Great
Britain. Section 2. page 8.
Brewer Blllle, ex-Oregon Aggie, here, of
Hoqulam gridiron. Section 2. page 2.
Oreron's secrets betrayed to rival. Section
2; page 1.
Commerrlal and Marine.
Auxiliary schooner Alpha takes water. Sec
tion 2. page 12.
Hide prices are declining In American mar
kets. Section 2. page 11.
Immense purchases of wheat by Europeans
during week's slump. Section 2. page 11.
Stock traders cautious In consequence of ap
proaching holiday. Section 2. page 11.
American bankers will be called upon for
peace loans. Section 2, page 11.
Christmas b untie pervades waterfront. Sec
tion 2, page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Christmas awaits but turn of clock. Section
I. page 1.
Joe Harty, crippled newsboy, gets Humane
Society's gold medal. Section 1, page 16.
Fairyland brought to little folk at Baby.
home. Section 1. page 12. '
New records established by pub 11 o carriers.
Section 1. page 12.
All institutions remembered. Section 1,
Christmas shopping ends In last grand rush.
Section 1. page 12.
Salvation Army and Volunteers of America
give hundreds of Christmas- dinner bas
kets. Section 1, page 12.
Witnesses of streetcar-Jitney wreck blame
all drivers. Section 1. page 1L
Plan proposed to make vacant lots garden
plots. Section 1. page 13.
Bill for illegitimate child debated. Section
.L, page 14.
Results of secret milk tests given eut.
Section 1, page IS.
Portland's 1017 tax levy 27.4 mills. Section
x, page io.
Bdward J. Jeffery dies at 8L Section 1.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
Orpheum adds Columbian Ladles' Orchestra
lor mianignt matinee, section 1, page 10
Northwestern National Bank scene of merry
u ... . ow.n A. page 1U.
James' new Broadway Theater opens. Sec
tion 1, page 10. v
REPUBLICANS GIVE REBATE
Clarke County Campaign Contribu
tors to Get 13 Per Cent Back.
VANCOUVER, Wash.. Dec 23. (Spe
cial.) W. S. T. Derr, secretary of the
Republican County Central Committee,
today declared a 13 per cent rebate to
all contributors to the campaign ex
penses. The Republicans elected every can
didate on the ticket, carried Clarke
County for Hughes by 600. and yet had
a surplus in the fund.
JAPAN'S NEW NAVAL
at Warlike Activity.
U-BOAT SITUATION STRAINED
Entente Allies Seem Resentful
Concerning Note. -
BERLIN APPEARS PLEASED
Nippon's Policy or Increasing Its
Navy so as to Be Greater Than
That of United States
BY JOHN C ALLAN O'LOUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON, Dec 23. Two sig
nificant facts, bearing upon President
Wilson's peace move, have Interested
Administration officials today.
The first was the announcement of
Japan's new naval programme, de
signed to make that nation more
powerful upon the sea than Is the
United States. The second Is the deep
concern of the Administration over
the recent torpedoing of the steamers
Marina and Arabia and the effect of
such action -upon the relations of the
United States and Germany.
Central Powers Welcome Note.
There were no actual developments
today in connection with the Presi
dent's suggestion. Cables have been
received from the American Ambassa
dors accredited to the central powers
showing that official circles welcome
the President's intervention, while the
press is more or less divided In its
also have been received from
the American Ambassadors accredited
to the allies. These indicate distress
that the President has acted and even
resentment, especially in unofficial cir
cles. But there Is nothing official yet
from any source nor can there be until
the allies have consulted among them
selves and Ambassador Gerard has had
opportunity to talk with the German
Emperor and the German Chancellor.
King's Speech Significant.
The authorities here accepted as an
Indirect answer to the President the
speech from the throne, delivered by
King George in connection with the
adjournment of Parliament. That it
expresses the allied attitude Is accept
ed beyond question. But as has been
stated, there wiil be long discussion
between the allies before their re
sponse to the President will be framed.
It is not believed the allies will Join
in a single note. That would be ex
tremely discourteous to the United
States. Probably they will follow the
example of the President and send
notes identical In most of their fea
tures, but containing paragraphs deal
ing particularly with the matters ' of
vital and intimate Interest to each.
"Watchful Waiting" Ia Role.
In the meantime, a llcy of "watch- i
ful waiting" will be observed by the
President. He and his advisers realize
that efforts may be made to curtail the
activities of the United States and
therefore they are deeply Interested In
the reports from Japan as to the naval
programme adopted by that govern
ment. As the ally of Great Britain. Japan
has nothing to fear upon the sea. The
British navy, however, is occupied with
blockading the German coast and pre
paring to meet the German fleet should
it come out. Moreover the chances are
that in a war between the United
States and Japan, Great Britain would
be neutral. Therefore the Japanese
statesmen, believing they may have to
depend upon their own forces, are pre-
(Concluded on Page 8. Column 4.)
PICTORIALLY BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
. BANDIT ON TRAIN
PISTOL DUEL IS FOUGHT IN
Desperado Leaps Through Window
While Train Is Running After
Dropping Ills Loot.
SIOUX CITT. Ia., Dec 23 A robber
made & futile attempt to hold up the
passengers In the smoking-car of Mil
waukee train No. 3 from Chicago as
It was entering the yards here tonight.
The robber escaped with J 10 In cash
after shots had been exchanged with
passengers and he had leaped through
a window while the train was in mo
tion. The robber boarded the train at
Mornlngside, a suburb.
With a mask drawn over his face and
a large revolver in his hand the man
commanded J. R. Robblns, of Jefferson.
S. D.. to begin taking up a collection
from the other passengers. After $30
had been collected Will Beath. of Plum
bush. Colo., appeared in the vestibule
to the rear of the robber with a drawn
revolver. He ordered the robber to
throw up his hands. The robber swung
around quickly and fired at Beath as
the latter took shelter behind a parti
tion. Several shots were fired by Beath
and the highwayman.
The robber grabbed the collection
which Robblns had taken up. kicked
the glass from the nearest window and
leaped through. Most of the cash col
lected by Robblns was dropped on the
floor during the exchange of shots.
Many passengers hid under the seats.
A piece of glass deflected by the
bullet from the robber's gun struck
Beath over the eye. causing a deep but
not serious wound.
Beath believes his first shot hit the
21 ARE CHRISTMAS BRIDES
Vancouver License Bureau Makes
VANCOUVER. Wash., Dec 23. (Spe
cial.) Twenty-one couples came to
Vancouver today to 'be married, making
the record number for one day this
year and nearly reaching the record
of 25 set July 3. 1915.
Cupid did a land-office business and
all the ministers and Judges were kept
busy tying nuptial knots. Some of
the couples will postpone the ceremony
until Christmas day, but those from
Oregon have to be married in this city.
Eight of the couples claimed Clarke
County as their home, several of them
living in Vancouver. The others were
all from Portland and other points in
There was a rush for holiday mar
riage licenses yesterday when 20 cou
ples sought the license window at the
Courthouse. The day before Christ
mas a year ago there were only 17 ap
plicants. Thursday there were 14 li
BERLIN BETTING ON PEACE
Wagers Made on Exchange That War
Will End by Angust.
LONDON. Dec. 23. A Frankfurt dis
patch to the Exchange Telegraph Com
pany from Rotterdam says there was
heavy betting on the Berlin exchange
today that peace would be signed be
The same dispatch says that the
German Emperor will return to Berlin
for conferences with the American and
PAPERS WILL SKIP ISSUE
Omaha Publications Not to Go to
Press Christmas Day.
OMAHA. Neb, Dec. 23. No news
papers will be Issued In Omaha on
Christmas day. This will be the first
time the morning papers have missed
an issue since their establishment.
In making the announcement they
give as their reason a desire to con
serve the paper supply In the Interest
of the press generally.
TERMS OF PEACE IN
DETAIL ARE DESIRED
Words of Hostiles Re
garded Too Vague.
WILSON FEELS FACTS DUE U.S.
America Ready to Enter Any
Agreement to Prevent War.
MONROE POLICY MIGHT GO
President Is of Opinion This Xtt.
tlon Can Be Committed to an
Abandonment or Doctrine
Without Senate Action.
WASHINGTON. Dec 2J.Informa
tion as to their exact meaning In
seeking a "Just and permanent peace"
is tht whole purpose of the note ad
dressed to all the belligerents by
President Wilson. The United States
desires a full, practical and detailed
statement from each of the govern
ments addressed. This outline and
what follows was. stated officially to
day for the Administration.
This Government does not know and
feels that it haa been given no real
means of knowing what terms would
be required by each of the belligerents
to make peace. It regards the recent
speeches of the leading statesmen in
ail countries as vague and undefined
and sees nothing in them that would
enable a conference to draw up a
treaty. All speak of the rights of
small nations, the repugnance of con
quest and the guarantees of a perma
nent peace, but no one nation has
yet gone into what It means by these
phrases in a way that the Government
of the United States can understand.
Press Eska Vicucneu.
Recent press comment has been tak
en to enhance that vagueness. France,
for Instance, has not disclosed If what
she consider a just peace means the
evacuation of her northern provinces,
or, in addition to that, the restora
tion of Alsace-Lorraine, ,'jc If in
addition to both those claims she ex
pects a money indemnity for the dam
age of Invasion, or. beyond that. If she
has an actual programme for doing
away with so-called German militar
ism. In thort. the United States asks
what would she accept today as the
basis of peace.
.Similar issues apply to all the bel
ligerent countries in merely a varying;
form. What President Wilson wants
iu their details. As the largest neutral
facing grave problems, and as the
friend of all parties concerned, the
United States feels most earnestly that
it ia entitled to know those facts. Un
less eome one of the group lays down
its actual terms there will be no basis
for negotiation and no possibility of
peace till the world is bled white, of
Some Demands Impossible.
There is not tbe slightest expectation
here that the terms laid down will be
reconcilable at first- It is known that
some of the nations will demand what
in actuality Is impossible. Neverthe
less, the naming of those terms will
afford a basis of negotiation, a start
ing place from which the conflicting
interests can begin to converge.
Nor Is any embarrassment seen to
any of the nations In naming such
terms. It is understood In advance
that they are apt to fluctuate with the
military changes and are not per
manently binding under new conditions.
Whatever any nation feels must be in
cluded In Its terms for moral reasons
can also be added to the terms with
out embarrassment. It is said.
As to permanent guarantees. It was
(Conclude' on Page 4. Column 4.)