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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1916)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, , PORTLAND, NOVEMBER 12, 1916.
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PORTLAND. 81NDAV, NOV. IS, 1018.
ROCMANIA'S NARROW ESCAPE.
The allies seem to have barely saved
Bou mania from the fate which was
visited upon Serbia through their un
preparedness. It is evident that no
adequate concerted plans had been
made for Roumanians part In the war.
The Russian army, which should have
stiffened King Ferdinand's green army,
was not ready to rush across the
frontier immediately upon the dec
laration and either to hold back the
' enemy or to drive him through Bul
garia. The Salonikl army was still
tied to its base by fear of attack in
the rear by Greece and by lack of
munitions for a general advance, also
of transports to carry those munitions
to the base and to keep open commu
nication. Roumanla seems to have been left to
its own devices as to when it should
declare war and as to how it should
conduct the campaign. The struggle
between the peace and war parties in
that kingdom had continued so long
"that, when the war party found it had
the upper hand, it ignored all con
siderations of strategy and got a de
cision on war when it had the chance.
The same disregard of strategy marked
the decision to invade Transylvania.
A triumphal entry into the unre
deemed territory struck the popular
imagination. It was regarded as good
strategy for the reason that it Was
believed to force an extension of the
Teuton front to a length beyond the
resources of the centra? empires. Yet
events have proved the invasion of
that province to have been as great
folly as the French invasion of Alsace
in August, 1914. In war, as in other
affairs, the longest way around is
often the shortest way home. King
Ferdinand and his advisers probably
realize now that they would more
quickly have acquired Transylvania,
and at less cost, if their army,
strengthened by the Russians to the
point where it could overcome any
opposing force, had advanced from
the Dobrudja into Bulgaria with the
object of cutting the railroad and, if
success continued, of advancing south
ward till the Bulgars found themselves
enveloped between the Russo-Rou-manian
army and the host of many
nations which has been camped
around Salonikl doing practically
nothing for the last year. Had this
movement succeeded, it would have
put Bulgaria out of business, cut off
German aid from Turkey and Turkish
aid from Germany, thereby facilitated
the Russian advance through Asia
Elinor upon Constantinople and made
the reconquest of Serbia, Albania and
Montenegro much easier. The entire
allied army might then have closed
in on Transylvania as part of a gen
eral attack on Hungary from the
southeast, and at the same time on
The misfortunes of Roumanla are
as much due to over-estimate of the
weakening of Teuton man power as
to lack of co-ordination among the
allies' several campaigns. The French
and British have been congratulating
themselves that German reserves had
been exhausted by the terrible losses at
Verdun, on the Somme, and in Galicla
and Volhynia, while Austria has been
regarded as a cripple, held upright
only by Germany. They thought the
central empires had no strategic re
serve available for a new enterprise.
Hence the appearance of Von Macken
sen's army in a furious attack on the
Dobrudja and of an entirely new army
hurling back the invaders of Transyl
vania was a staggering surprise to
them. This unanticipated turn of af
fairs found almost the whole Rou
manian army tangled up in the Car
pathian passes or spread through the
enemy's country and the Russians only
beginning to debouch from the Danube
delta. Troops were no sooner hurried
from the mountains to the eastern
front than the kingdom itself was in
vaded on the west. These events so
confirmed the faith of King Constan
tine in German invincibility that after
receiving one of the allies' numerous
ultimatums he is reported to have
said: "I am convinced that in fif
teen days Roumania will exist no
more." Had the allies been fuily pre
pared to aid Roumania and had they
held that country to wiser strategy,
Greece might ere now have been in
the alliance and they might have had
a victorious Balkan campaign in full
Russia seems to have come up just
in time to stay the advance of the
Teutons from the west. Von Macken
sen did not advance more than about
forty miles north of the Constanza
Railroad, perhaps being cautious of
getting involved among the various
channels of the Danube delta. Winter,
too, may check the Austro-German
armies in the mountains. But Rou
mania has had a narrow escape, and
the allies have had one more lesson
In the danger of under-estimating
their foes and in the necessity of pur
suing a common plan of campaign.
From the entry of Turkey into the
war they have constantly under-rated
the importance of the Balkan theateT
of war. Germany has as constantly
kept an eye turned to the east and has
compensated for the extension of its
front by drawing thence many corps
or Turks, who, when well trained,
equipped and fed, are as valiant sol
diers as there are in the world.
Advance of prices of kid leather is
awakening interest in the raising of
goats in all parts of the United States.
Heretofore there has been a some
what feeble propaganda in favor of
this productive animal, especially be
cause of its value as an adjunct to
land clearing, but this has been handi
capped by the fact that men engaged
in carving farms' out of a wilderness
do not always have the capital re
quired to buy the goats and build the
necessary fences to confine them with
in bounds. The fence problem is a
serious one, in view of the propensity
pf the goat to breach almost any or-
dinary barrier. The goat industry has
been making some, progress in New
Mexico recently, and now, according
to a New 'Jersey newspaper, it is about
to become popular in that state, which
has a great area of lands unfitted for
a high type of agriculture. New Jer
sey growers propose a co-operative
method, by which bands of consider
able size will be held under a herd
ing system, and one writer on the sub
ject hails fche goat as the solution of
the problem of putting to use thou
sands of acres now fit for nothing
except as sites for bungalows. Inci
dentally, hope is expressed that "the
leather supply will be augmented, but
it is admitted that in this respect we
have a long way to go.
SHE BKOCGHT HOME THE BACON.
It is reported that the Democratic
brethren of Pendleton have procured
two small pigs, crated them and ex
pressed them to Mrs. E. B. Hanley.
It is Mrs. Hanley's story that a Demo
crat paid her more than the market
price for two other pigs, which en
abled her to attend the meeting of the
Hughes Alliance in Portland, there to
enter upon a career which upsets all
traditions concerning women in poll
tics. Well, pigs is pigs, and doubtless
Mrs. Hanley will find room for this
other Democratic gift on the Hanley
ranch. There they will live in fatted
ease, become too proud to fight and
finally be slaughtered to make an
other G. O. P. holiday.
It is probably assumed by the Demo
cratic jokesmiths that Mrs. Hanley is
grieving her heart away over the de
feat of Mr. Hughes. Doubtless she
does have some regrets, but unless she
is more modest concerning self-accomplishment
than human nature is gen
erally credited with being, she is gain
ing some comfort from the signal as
sistance she gave the Republican cause
Oregon today stands as the Western
outpost of Republicanism. With one
exception, it is the only Republican
state west of the Missouri River. That
this is true is due in no small meas
ure to the enthusiasm put into the
party by the little golden-haired wom
an from Medford.
The annals of political history can
produce nothing like it. Mrs. Hanley
has been called the "Billy Sunday of
Politics." We do not exactly fancy
the title. Rather call her Joan of Arc.
Here was a rancher's wife, content
with home and babies, who sud
denly felt a resistless call to enter the
fight for her convictions. She who
had never made a speech in her life
found herself possessed of the quality
of leadership and of an eloquence and
magnetism that could bring thousands
to her feet. Accompanied only by
two women, Irs. Anderson and Miss
Baer, she went out into the state and
endured the hardships that exhaust
the seasoned campaigner.
Cowboys came a hundred miles
across the desert, lumberjacks came
out of the woods, staid business and
professional men flocked to hear her.
She spoke -to crowded houses and
nightly people who tried to get in
were turned away. She sold her pigs,
but she brought home the bacon.
There is only one Mrs. Hanley, and
she's ours, and we're proud of her.
Had one other state California had
her like, there would be no red fire
tonight on Democratic hilltops.
FORTY TEARS AGO.
The election of President this year
recalls the memorable Hayes-Tilden
contest, just 40 years previous. The
field marshals of the two parties were
Senator Zachariah Chandler, of Michi
gan, for the Republicans, and Abrara
S. Hewitt, of New York, for the
Democrats. These men were, respect
ively, chairmen of the National com
mittees. They were both astute poli
ticians and men of great influence.
Perhaps Senator Chandler was one of
the bitterest partisans of his day.
There were three Presidential can
didates in the field, Rutherford B.
Hayes, of Ohio, Republican; Samuel
J. Tilden, of New York, Democrat,
and Peter Cooper, of New York,
Greenback. The latter cut no figure
in the contest, receiving only 81,787
votes in the entire country.
When the returns began to ckme in
on election day it seemed apparent to
almost everybody that Tilden was
elected; as the evening passed and
later returns were tabulated the result
seemed to be. practically certain. By
early morning on the day following
even the most ardent Republicans con
ceded the election of the Democratic
nominees. But it was not so with
Zach Chandler. In the forenoon he
issued his celebrated manifesto, "Hayes
has received 185 electoral votes and
is elected." (There were" 369 electoral
As later returns came in it was found
that Tilden had received a popular
plurality over Hayes of 157,394 votes,
and apparently had a few votes to
spare in the electoral college. But
Chandler had his eyes fixed on South
Carolina, Florida and Louisiana, where
the vote had been, at the least, irreg
ular, the time being what is known
as, the reconstruction days, when the
newly enfranchised colored voters had
a hard time getting their votes in and
a . still . harder time getting them
The first step taken by Chandler
was to have a committee of leading
Republicans attend the meetings of
the canvassing boards in those three
states. John Sherman, James A. Gar
field, E. W. Stoughton and E. F. Noyes
were selected for this task, while the
Democrats sent J. M. Palmer, Lyman
Trumbull, Manton Marble and Smith
M. Weed. All were men of National
importance. The South Carolina mat
ter was quickly adjusted, for it was
soon shown that Hayes had carried
that state by a small plurality.
It should be mentioned that during
these proceedings there was a feeling
of great unrest throughout the coun
try. Civil war seemed imminent. But
Ulysses S. Grant was in command of
the Army and he vouchsafed peace.
Large bodies of troops were in the
South and he sent extra detachments
to the capitals of the three states with
instructions that all commanding of
ficers "preserve peace, protect the can
vassing boards and denounce fraud."
As a result of Grant's quick and em
phatic action there were no physical
disturbances at any point.
The Florida matter was also rather
quickly settled, or rather, the returns
were tabulated and certified for Hayes.
To this, of course, the Democrats did
not agree, and two sets of returns
were sent to Washington, which was
also the case in South Carolina. .
Louisiana was the great battle
ground, for it was there the hosts
were arrayed against each other with
the greatest bitterness. On the face
of the returns that state had given
the Democratic electors a majority of
more than 6000. But Chandler and
his followers maintained that the en
tire election was tainted with fraud,
and in a final canvass they, the Re
publicans, claimed the electoral vote.
There is no use to argue for or
against that decision. About half of
the people of the country think there
was fraud on both sides, and it is not
the intention' here to uphold either
side; this article is simply to recall
the strenuous days of forty years ago.
But even after the settlement in the
three Southern states there came the
Oregon trouble to vex Chandler and
encourage Hewitt. Oregon had gone
Republican by 1057. but one of the
electors. Watts, was a postmaster, and
under the strict letter of the law was
not eligible to act. L. F. Grover, a
Democrat, was Governor. He took the
matter up with Hewitt, and a certifi
cate was issued to the highest Demo
cratic candidate, Cronin. a he Repub
lican delegates met, fgnored Cronin
and cast three votes for Hayes, so
nothing came of the matter. But Ore
gon had the front pages of the news
papers for some days. Just the same,
and Cronin received much publicity.
As to final settlement of the matter
through the electoral commission, that
is not germane to this article. But
through that law, enacted to cover
the case by a Democratic House and
a Republican Senate, Hayes was seated
and served his term.
WHICH IS THE GREATER NTTSANCE?
Has a man a vested right in quietude
and solitude, not only on his own
ground but in adjoining streets and
even on adjoining property? That is
an interesting question in which moving-picture
companies have been en
tangled. William H. Barnard, a capitalist,
who lives in a "swell" neighborhood
in New York City, has sued for dam
ages the owner of a girls' school,
which has been established next door,
alleging that the school "will destroy
the privacy and exclusiveness of said
street and more particularly of plain
tiffs residence." The schoolma'am
has retorted by charging the million
aire with permitting a moving-picture
company to stage "scenes of crime
and violence" in and about his prem
ises. The rich man admits that he
did this just once, and now the con
troversy is on.
Which is "more destructive of pri
vacy and exclusiveness a swarm of
gabbling, laughing schoolgirls or a
movie company in full operation?
How could the young ladies be ex
pected to attend to their studies while
a drama was being enacted in the
grounds of the next house? How
can a tired business man rest from
the labor of gathering dollars, with
girls fluttering up and down the street,
going and coming morning and even
ing in honking autos and with much
chatter? Suppose the business man
has a young son, how is he to be pre
vented from making a fool of him
self with a case of calf-love for one
of the girls? There is material there
to keep the lawyers arguing till the
cows come home.
PSTClIOtOGY OP BETTING.
Why do men bet on elections? No
doubt many do so for the same rea
son that they bet on football games
or prize fights or other sporting events.
With them betting is a habit. They
have such full confidence in their
judgment as to who is the better man
or which is the better team that they
regard betting on it as a good way to
make money. Men of this type will
as readily bet on an election for the
same reason. With them betting is
not prompted so much by opinion as
to which is the better man or the
better party as by opinion as to which
is the more likely to win, and that
opinion is based on a cold-blooded
survey of the political field.
But many men bet on elections who
do not bet on any other event. They
are men of strong political convictions.
They are so convinced of the merits
of the cause they espouse that they
cannot conceive of the possibility that
it will be rejected y the majority of
their fellow-citizens. Thus their en
thusiasm clouds their judgment.
Others are goaded into betting by the
challenges of their opponents, who re
gard a refusal to. bet as evidence that
they are bluffing and have not the
confidence in their party's success
which they profess. The jeering ex
clamation, "Ah! you're afraid to back
up your opinion with your coin," has
caused many a man to bet money he
did not wish, perhaps could not afford
Others there are who bet just for
the fun of the thing. Such are the
makers of freak bets to roll a, peanut
down the street with a toothpick or
to ride the winner in a wheelbarrow.
Such bets are regarded as practical
jokes on the loser, as well as expres
sions of goodfellowship between friends
of opposite opinions.
So long as we elect public officials
we shall have election bets. They are
the expression of the sporting instinct
of the people, which is aroused by
every contest for supremacy, whether
it be between rival parties, rival pugi
lists, rival steamships or rival teams
The most elaborate straw vote pro
cured in the country, prior to a Presi
dential election is that taken by the
New York Herald. The Herald's sys
tem is reduced to as near a scientific
basis as is perhaps possible. In Ore
gon, for example, it was designed to
get 35 per cent of the vote from labor,
25 per cent from women, 25 per cent
from general business and clerical em
ployes and 15 per cent from profes
sional men; the vote was required to
be representative of the state at large
and to show the drift, if any, of voters
to new political allegiance, and a
minimum of 800 votes per week for
five weeks was asked.
Doubtless the same system was fol
lowed in other states, of course with
elimination of the woman factor in
politics in states where there is not
The result was a marvelously close
guess on the general result, but a
detailed prediction full of errors- The
general result showed that there was
an almost even balance between the
two candidates, the shade being in
favor of Wilson, but that the weight of
a hair might turn the balance the
So it was in the actual result. But
the straw vote erred in giving Hughes
California, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada,
New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah and
Wyoming eight states outs of twenty
one credited to him. It erred also in
crediting to Wilson Delaware, Illinois,
Michigan, Minnesota, West Virginia
and Wisconsin -six states out of
twenty-seven credited to him.
That there should have been error
concerning close states like Minnesota,
New Mexico and North Dakota is not
surprising, but as to California the
straw vote indicated a two-to-one ma
jority for Hughes. This was so far
out of the way as to invite comment,
when one considers also the other
states not close but which reversed
the indications given by the Herald's
A straw vote, however painstakingly
and scientifically arranged, must rely
to an extent on the personal equation.
Intense partisanship or inefficiency on
the part of the person in control of
a state poll or on the part of two or
three of his subordinates may creep
into the figures. Instructions as to
percentages may not be followed: the
poll may be intentionally taken in
sections of a state known to be nor
mally one way and be neglected in the
portion of the state known to be the
other way. It is possible that in the
number of men engaged in the work
there are those ready to fake ballots
out of pure laziness or indifference.
But in the long run the law of aver
ages worked ut fairly well in this
case. The errors committed on the
Democratic side balanced the errors
committed on the Republican side and
the main result was correctly fore
cast. If there was a uniform popula
tion throughout the country and each
state had the same number of elector
al votes the law of averages could
probably be relied upon lo give an
accurate general forecast in each in
stance that such a poll is taken. But
this year there was seemingly an ele
ment of luck in it. The elaborate
straw vote may one year hit pretty
close to the mark and the next year
shoot wild. The casual straw vote
taken without system is about as re
liable as an individual opinion.
A rOET ON THE BATTLEFROXT.
Admirers of Gabriele d'Annunzlo,
the Italian poet and novelist, were
not surprised when they read in the
news dispatches from the war front
that he had been promoted for bravery
while a member of the airplane corps,
and also recommended a second time
for the silver medal for valor. It is
being demonstrated in this war that
neither bravery nor courage is the
attribute of a particular class; the ex
quisite and the gutter-snipe have alike
shown themselves heroes in varied
and trying circumstances.
D'Annunzio is an esthete, and has
given evidence of this in erratic ways
on many occasions, yet his writings do
not indicate that he is what we might
call "effeminate." There is more of
the swashbuckler about him, with a
touch of the jingo and the chauvinist,
and a good deal of practical idealism
of the kind that holds the end to
justify the means, if the end be altru
istic in any degree. His literary style
is florid. He has aspired to be a
Dante, and also a leader of political
thought and action. He was inspired
for years by the idea of Italian domi
nation of the Mediterranean of an
Italy not content to exist by suffer
ance but taking as a right a share in
the great affairs of the world. For
a man who had a special name for
every color and every odor and who
claimed to find satisfaction for his
sotfl in the delightful sensation of
gazing upon a beautiful flower, he
was strangely belligerent in his inter
pretation of the mission of his nation.
England was to some extent his model.
Who could imagine, he once asked,
an England in the situation of Italy
in the Mediterranean, waiting supinely
while others snatched the prize that
the "waiting desert" contained? A
few years ago in a remarkable poem
exhorting Italians to imperialism he
With me toward the burning desert speed.
Toward tbe sphinx-like desert-land with
That waits the foot, the furrow and the
With me. O fruitful race, that rlrdest thee
To walk upon the ancient ways again
. Leading to selfhood and to destiny.
With me where the warriors to reap remain.
That In the coronal upon thy brow
I braid the oak-leaf with the braided
BeioIdest thou me today upon the prow
Erect in arms; tomorrow I incline
My knra upon the glebe that waits the
While hare-brawn legions break the battle -
And brat their spears to pruning hooks,
Thy hungry hands with corn, thy vats
D'Annunzio before the war was a
voluntary exile from Italy, although
he always glorified it in poetry and
prose. His novels were marked by
the same grandiloquence; his, manners
by constant striving after sensational
effect. A few years ago he seized
upon the motion picture as a vehicle
for his emotions, and wrote for the
screen a play he called "Cabrira," the
production of which he superintended
in person. So lofty were his ideas
that a special gate for the temple of
Moloch had to be constructed, a hun
dred feet high, and ornamented like
the jeweled tower of a satrap; one-of
his scenes called for the destruction
of forty Roman vessels, and in his
Hannibal's army crossing the Alps he
demanded employment of an unheard
of number of camels and elephants.
That was in a day when European
managers had not had the example of
lavish expenditure that since has been
set in the United States, and it is said
that certain producers were driven
almost to distraction before they sue
ceeded in getting out a film that
would satisfy their poet-creator of
One reads with especial interest that
d'Annunzio's promotion to a Captaincy
was the result of his conduct in an
air attack early in October, although
details are not given. It will be re
membered that at the outbreak of
the war, when a lieutenant in the air
plane corps, he made three flights
over Trieste, dropping poetic messages
Instead of bombs. One wonders that
he would waste his treasures on a
people of whom he had written sav
agely in the past. One of the stanzas
from a poem that was suppressed by
the official censor before the outbreak
of the war was a bitter attack upon
the Austrians and their aged ruler,
As a specimen of pure hatred ex.
pressed in verse it was remarkable. It
The filthy eagle of the double crest.
Who like the vulture vomits from his
Oohbets of corpses he cannot digest!
Another miracle: they round, him draw
The noose, now spotless girdle, to denote
The old. decrepit hangman's pious awe.
While evry night he dreams he feels his
Clutched by the -mutilated. Jeweled hand
That stained m-lth blood the pocket of
This by the same man who wrote
a "Song to Helen of France," in lauda
tion of the Duchess of Aosta. Helen of
Orleans, a cousin of the King, who
had gone to Africa to care for Italian
soldiers who had been wounded in
battle with the Turks. He pictures
her as bringing home a shipload of
dead and wounded, and says:
When yoi, bind the wound or broken bone.
Or bathe the thirsty lips of him who
There is no tevr, no murmuring, no groan.
He who was victor when the cheers were
Wants by his silence to surpass his mates:
He who lb dying feels the flag for shroud.
O Helen, who aeea Rome's sacrament of
Laid on the whitening; foreheads of our
Tou brtns a flower to bind the Latin race.
The augural verbena on our head.
It was said of him that notwith
standing the. fact that he once was
compelled to sell his household effects
to pay his debts, he set out on a Jour
ney to Egypt with a wardrobe that
filled twenty-four trunks, and included
six dozen lace-embellished shirts, a
dozen walking sticks, ten green para
sols and eight violet-colored ones, 150
resplendent cravats, fourteen pairs of
shoes for walking and several other
pairs for hunting crocodiles, two pairs
of "soft and tremulous slippers" and
a great quantity of Venetian perfumes.
This was the equipment at that time
of the man who is now enduring the
hardships of life at the front and
winning medals for his work. He has
always been a strange contradiction
part dandy, part patriot, part impe
rialist, and all egoist. His constant ef
forts to attract attention to himself
have served to detract from belief
in his sincerity and no doubt have
made it more difficult for him to im
press some of the serious lesions he
tried to teach. It remains to be seen
whether in the service of his nation at
the front he will acquire the inward
grace that his detractors have declared
he has lacked in the past.
PROSPERITY TIDE STII.I. RISING.
The effect of this flood of wealth
is reflected in new loans to belliger
ent nations to establish credit for their
Immense purchases; Great Britain is
borrowing $300,000,000 and Russia
$50,000,000, these amounts swelling
the total of loans to belligerent na
tions during the war to 000, 000,000.
Europe has probably resold to the
United States an equal amount of
American securities. As these sales
still continue and as British purchases
alone in this country are estimated at
$8,000,000 a day, the balance of debts
between the United States and Europe
will soon be in our favor, if it is not
The plethora of money produced by
the great wlume of exports, by ab
normal profits on war munitions and
by the resulting expansion of internal
trade has brought about a great de
mand for stocks at steadily rising
prices. Speculation is rampant in both
stocks and staple commodities. A
rushing business is being done in
bonds. First-Hen railroad bonds have
been fully absorbed and second-grade
bonds are now active.
The car shortage has put money in
the pocket of the farmers. Lack of
cars and the work of seeding have
delayed the marketing of wheat until
the world scarcity of that cereal has
pushed the price on the farm up to
$1.50 to $1.60. Both Canada and
Argentina have much less for export
than they had last year. Wheat acre
age in the grain belt is being mate
rially Increased, and rain has given
the new crop a good start.
With the end of the war still re
mote and with assurance of active
foreign trade for two or three years
after the war, the American people
can look forward to a continuance of
prosperity long enough to enable them
to fortify themselves financially and
industrially for the conditions which
will follow. '
TOLSTOY ON THE AMERICAN STAGE.
Notwithstanding extraordinary dif
ficulties in the way of stagecraft at
tending the production of a Tolstoy
drama, Americans are to have oppor
tunity to attend the production in
English of at least one of his posthu
mous plays. It will not, however, be
the first performance on an American
stage. A German version has been
given in Milwaukee and in New York,
and a Yiddish rendition was received
with evidence of popular approval on
the New York East Side some time
ago. From these and from the com
ments of the critics upon them we
have opportunity to Judge whether
Americans are likely to take with
kindly spirit to the gruesome philos
ophy of the great Russian.
To begin with, the name of the new
drama is quite likely to be a shock to
most theater-goers. Tolstoy was not
satisfied with one name he called his
play "The Living Corpse or the Man
Who Was Dead." The alternative
title Is on the whole the less shocking
of the two; the first may be chosen
for its obvious advertising value. If
there Is a desire to pander to the mor
bid element among theater-goers. It
is characteristic of Tolstoy that he has
taken the social conventions as his
leading motive and also that he does
not appear to set much store by them.
He at least departs from the bromidic
order by making his triangle a quad
rangle, but he does not, it will seem
to most persons, make out a. strong
argument against the order of so
ciety. Dissatisfied married couples
are an old theme. Unrestrained in
dividualism has got people into trouble
before and probably would do so in
any system in which unhealthy souls
put their fancied "temperaments"
above all else and count sense of duty
to others or the fulfillment of obli
gation as nothing worth a sacrifice.
The hero of "The Living Corpse" is
an unhealthy character. His name is
Fedia. and he has a wife of his own
noble station. Lisa. We are spared the
details of their early squabbles, for
they have already parted when the
action of the play begins. Fedia has
a grudge against the world, which
does not seem to have been made to
order for him. He turns debauchee;
the author makes It appear that he
takes this course as a means of for
getting his great trouble, but an Amer
ican who did the same thing would
be classed merely as insufferably weak
and deserving of any fate. Among
associates of a lower grade he conies
upon the gypsy who is "the girl" for
him. Meanwhile, to even things up,
Lisa discovers that she is happier
with a Prince named Victor. All the
characters of the drama have ex
tremely delicate sensibilities, it should
be explained: otherwise there would
be no drama. Persons of common clay
might have cut the Gordian knot and
have had done with it.
Tolstoy elaborates the theme that
the natural man, left to himself, will
be honest and generous, noble and
true, and everything else that Is good.
It Is only when a Tolstoy character Is
bound by requirement of society that
he goes wrong. So in the play. Fedia
Is by nature willing to resign all hold
upon Lisa, to let her make her life
over again with her Prince, while he
finds room for all the soul-expansion
needful to his exquisite temperament
In the love of his gypsy maid. But
here both encounter the hated con
ventions not Mone the law and the
church, but various members of the
families of all of them, who have
certain notions of their own as to the
sanctity of the marriage vow. There
Is a sister of Lisa who believes that
romantic affection should continue to
bind a wedded pair and make their
situation bearable, even though they
have persuaded themselves they are
unhappy. Lisa's mother is of a dif
ferent mold: she regrets it all, but
only because her daughter will come
to the Prince as a divorced woman,
after public scandal in their courts
and under the disapproval of the
It is in utilizing his solution of the
problem that Tolstoy proves himself
a dramatist as well as a preacher.
He has taken an incident from Rus
sian real life which had been a cause
celebre in the courts of Moscow and
had ended in banishment to Siberia
for everyone concerned. The hero
simply disappears, after careful at
tention to certain details that make
it appear that he had been drowned.
A body is claimed as his and buried.
His former wife and her Prince are
married without scandal; he has his
gypsy companion, though he has to
assume another name to get her. Then
enters the blackmailer: Fedia refuses
to meet his demands; the lawbreakers
are betrayed. Such a tangle could
only be unsnarled for dramatic pur
poses by a death, and Fedia, the
"self-sacrificing," supplies the climax
by shooting himself. His former wife
and her Prince are "free"; the con
ventionalities have been observed once
more. Yet one cannot say that the
rest of the characters live happily
ever after, for the gypsy girl has been
forgotten. She arrives on the scene
just in time to see Fedia die. Fedia
no doubt had persuaded himself that
he was making a supreme sacrifice
for the happiness of the wife he ap
parently did not try very hard to make
harpy in the time before the play
begins; but he reveals himself more
clearly as an unsocial, spoiled individ
ual, whose supreme conceit is his
dominant trait, and whose implied
superiority to the "conventions" is lit
tle more than a querulous "I-won't-play-if-you-don't-play-my-way"
tude toward life. One gets the im
pression from this, as from so many
other "problem plays," that a modi
cum of common sense, or even the
timely and old-fashioned application
of a school strap or a shingle in the
hands of an untemperamental parent
would have solved the problem.
Tolstoy presents unheard-of me
chanical difficulties to the producer.
Here he also .disregards the conven
tionalities. "The Living Corpse" is a
short play, yet it is divided into six
acts and these into many scenes. Char
acters are introduced lavishly, often
only to listen to the preachments of
the leading characters. Scenes jump
from place to place in utter disregard
of the nervous constitution of the
stage manager. Through it all the
episodes require that they shall fol
low each other speedily if the audience
is not to lose the interest that is de
rived of intensity. It is possible that
the revolving stage will be required
for its production; or if not this that
we shall need to call our inventors
to our aid. However, for those who
delight In the drama that rails at the
established order, there always will
be the book, while it is extremely
probable that it will be a long time
before "The Living Corpse" gets itself
into the road-show class.
A sad blow to the theories of eu-
genists has jiist been dealt by the
Judges of a baby show In New York.
held In connection with a benefit
bazaar. They found that the 3-year
old child attaining most nearly to
physical and mental perfection was
little Adelaide Atherton. whose father,
Eddie Atherton. for years appeared
as the living skeleton in a circus, while
her mother "doubled" as the bearded
lady and the snake charmer in the
same show. The New York Tribune,
commenting on the surprising fact.
notes tnat little Adelaides life una
contained a nicely balanced assort
ment of Joys and sorrows, for what
ever painful memories she may have
of being Jonnced on papa's knee will
have been offset by the fun she had
playing with mama s whiskers. The
child, however, scored almost 100 on
the scale of points and gives no prom
ise of being cither bearded or bony
in later life.
Installation by a Brooklyn Methodist
church of an automatic assistant pas
tor helps further to fix the status of
Americans as lenders in mechanical
Invention. The latest device is de
signed to reach the thousands of per
sons who pass by churches frequently
but for various reasons cannot be in
duced to enter. It shows pictures at
Intervals and accompanies them with
appropriate vocal explanations, em
ploying for the purpose a motor, a
projecting lantern, numerous slides, a
screen and a talking machine. To the
objection that the machine tells the
same story over and over again answer
is made thnt many preachers even
bishops have been known to do the
same thing. The pictures help to
"hold the crowd." while the talking
machine combines explanation with
exhortation and does not grow weary.
Sherman County, as usual, was first
in Oregon with complete and official
returns of the election. The feat Is
one in which Sherman County people
justly hftve pride, and the Sherman
County system of gathering and tabu
lating returns is something that might
well be studied and then emulated in
other Oregon counties.
Whatever may be said for the thirst
for knowledge, there seems to be a
limit to the capacity of the corre
spondence school. A brakeman who
received his preliminary training In
one of these lost a foot the first day
There is something to be said in
favor of lunatics, who. an expert ex
plains, reason correctly, but from
wrong premises. A man who with the
right premise reaches a wrong con
clusion cannot claim much superiority.
The car shortage in Oregon is 3224;
with exercise of patience for a few
years there will be plenty, perhaps
filled with another Ooxeys army.
Just to illustrate how a name clings
to a thing, -they are still calling Per
shing's force a "punitive expedition."
That Montana blizzard was uncom
monly considerate, putting its visit off
until after election day.
"California Feels Quake," headline
In news, we discover has no reference
to election events.
It took a prohibitionist candidate in
Florida to break the solidity of the
It is safe to say that suffrage will
be voted on again soon in South Da
kota. The Grand Old Party Is consider
able on' the come-back.
Also it was some election from the
viewpoint of the "drys."
Will Lafferty now consent to stay
Sure! Investigate and make It all
A5f INFORMAL. INVITATION TO TUB
; .NATIONAL KOHESTJ.
Come out to the Nation's forests.
Bring along the babes and wife:
Spend the Summer in the open
Back to nature is the life.
No toll roads obstruct your progress.
All the forest ways are free;
You can use your automobile
Without any charge or fee.
There's no angel at the entrance
Standing with a flaming sword.
To prevent your free admission: t
"llse the forests" ia the word.
Tou can bring along your shotgun.
No one will prevent its use;
Also don't forget your flshpole
Big trout make a good excuse.
No restrictions block the camp grounds.
Camp Just anywhere you please;
Only bury all your tin cans.
And keep fire out of the trees.
No skilled guide Is greatly needed.
Sicnsmark trails and tell the way;
Get a map from any ranger,
He's around 'most every day.
Bring your pick and gold pan with you.
lou may prospect where you will;
The mine will be yours if you find it.
Try your luck on some side hill.
See the elk wTth branching antlers.
Roaming wild the forest glades:
Hail the ruRsed mountain climbera.
And knickerbockered mountain maids.
Scale the snowy peaks at sunrise,
Oet the vista that they give;
Catch the spirit of their vastness.
Learn up there the way to live.
See the white coats on the ledges
Of the heaven-kissing hills:
How their hoofs and black horns
Skipping 'round the mountain rills.
Is your wish for human interest?
See the shepherd with his flocks;
Mary's little lambs by thousands
Grazing 'midst the meads and rocks.
And his packtrain of cayuses.
Ambling slowly up the trail.
With his month's supply of canned
And his intermittent mail.
Look at him. his trade Is oldest
Save the hunter's trailing woolles.
On a thousand hills he feeds them.
Lets his flock rest when It full is.
See the stolid Indians camping
Where the mountain heather blows;
Their tepees' all white and golden.
Where the huckleberry grows.
Bee the dark-skinned Indian maidens
Picking berries near the cliffs:
tlear the whistlers on the rooks: Ides
Quarreling in their family tiffs.
Listen! Hear that clear-toned bugle.
Sounding through the forest glen!
Boy Scouts are on a hike trip
Sturdy youth to make strong men.
Breathe the pure air of the forest.
Erlnk the water, crystal clear;
Tramp the trails and climb the look
outs You'll enjoy it never fear!
All these joys are for your using.
Camp among them if you wish:
In the limits of the game laws
You may hunt and. you may fish.
Build your house of logs or split
Or sawn lumber from the mill;
And in Summer take the family.
And of nature drink your nil.
You wlU have now health and visor.
Far from city dust and noise;
In the freshness of the forest.
For self and wife and girls and bovs!
A G. J.
OREGON. TUB LAU OK TODAY.
Don't sing to me of a day thnt Is past
Nor a day that is to be,
I want to live in the present time.
Today is the day for me.
Don't sln;r to me of a distant land
Th.it I must go far to see.
The beauteous land that I call my home
Js pood enough for me.
Don't sing to me of flowers rare.
For the rarest flower that Brows
Dellshts my eye the whole year 'round.
My own dear Portland rose.
Don't sine: to me of Alpine peaks
And Rlaciers ever untried.
But sins me a sons of dear Mount Hood
With tho moon rising, just by her
And sin? to me of the rosy gleam
That falls on her snowy crest
And lingers long when the Summer sun
Has sunk in a roseate vest
Oh! sing to me of a falling spray.
So dainty and fine a screen
I fancied I saw the face of a bride
Hid deep in its misty sheen.
Sing me a son? of a winding stream.
Fed by tumbling falls.
The scent of pine in the bracing air.
The lure of nature's calls.
A soothinir sonjr of the gentle rain.
That falls like a shower divine
On fertile fields and verdant hills
Crowned with fir tree and pine.
A thrifty song of a city that's cleft
By a river broad and free.
Of busy marts that steadily hum
And ships that go down to the sea.
Don't sing to me of Joys to com!'.
Nor scenes that call me far.
I want to live in the land of today
And revel in things that are.
Don't ask me to roam in distant climes.
Don't lure me on and on.
But let me bide in the land of today.
The land of Oregon.
NELLIE A WARNICK.
Adam and the Apple Again.
PORTLAND. Nov. H. (To the Edi
tor.) Opinions freely expressed by
many men come to us. the women
voters of Oregon, that we are indirectly
responsible for the re-election of Wood
row Wilson to the Presidency. Now
this may be a compliment looked at
from a Democratic viewpoint, but when
these accusations come from a Repub
lican, decidedly not.
Just let me nsk these gentlemen, how
about Ohio and Kansas, where there is
not woman's suffrage. Then again how
about South Dakota and our Oregon.
Did we go Democratic? Let these men
ask themselves how they voted and
what about the so-called "eiKht-hour
law" and also perhaps the slogan "He
kept us out of war" may be a fitting
coat and not from any paternal feeling
in many cases.
But It is human nature to place the
blame upon the woman and yet since
the creation of man we have been
taught that the male Is the stronger.
Yet how he wems to enst his burdens
upon the ker sex (so-called but ac
knowledged). Why? You men?
ROSE T. K1NNE.
AVfcere Aliens May Vote.
PORTLAND. Nov. 10. (To the Edi
tor.) Statement Is made that In some
states a person who is foreign-born,
hut who has declared hiei Intention to
become a citixen and has secured his
first papers is entitled to vote at a gen
eral election. Are there anv such
states in the Union? SUBSCRIBER.
Aliens who have declared intention
to become citizens may vote in Ala
bama. Arkansas. Indiana, Kansas.
Michigan (If declared prior to June 8,
1892). Missouri. Nebraska, South Da