TIIE SUNDAY. OKEGOXTAX. . PORTLAND, NOVEMBER . 191G. ; ANALYTICAL VIEWS OF CURRENT TOPICS GIVEN BY READERS IMIL WEST'S IMISITION AMAZES . . Championship' of Tax Limitation Mn- lire Causes Siirpriw. TOLEDO. Or., Nov. 3. (To the Ed itor.) It is somewhat surprising to 'find ex-Governor Oswald West ex 'pounding the theory of the so-called 'mandatory tax limitation and cham--pioning this proposed amendment to -our state constitution limiting the ex penditures of public money. The most surprising part of his statement is the implied assertion that the cause of all 'public extravagance is through ana on account of1 the public officers of Ore gon, thereby appealing to the prej udices of the people. It is well known to this same Oswald West that at. least three-fourths of all public expendi tures originate with and are demanded by the people and not through, nor by. -the public officers. Of this he Is fully Informed. Seventy-five per cent of all money now collected by direct taxation in the state is by the will of the people vthrough initiative or direct vote for some specific purpose; the remaining 25 per cent is made necessary largely on account of the past and present ac tions of the voters of Oregon. Every taxpayer should stand for economy in -public expenditures, not only because it is good business, but because the rule of right and the law o'f justice -demand it of a" self-governed people. This proposed constitutional amend- "menl will brmg very little, if any, re lief and that, little is obtained at the .expense of the citizenship of our state It proposes economy by adding further -expense. It Tiays to the extravagant ttaxing district Or subdivision, "You are "Tight and the law is with you"; at the same time it says to the economical taxing district or subdivision, "Since you have heretofore been careful and '.conservative, you must continue to be bo." That alone should defeat this measure. By its provisions it induces the extravagant and forces the con 'ervative taxing districts or subdivis ions to keep their levies up to the limit each year, because if they do not, the " law will' not permit an increase beyond 6 per cent. Also they must ..levy each year, because, if they should fail to levy just -one year lor any .cause; .according to this proposed con stitutional amendment, they have lost the ability to do business as other tax ing districts absolutely and forever. "They may cajl a special election'and through that means levy and collect 40 times the amount needed, under this proposed amendment, and, this may be done each year, but never, can they be reinstated as 'a regular organized tax ing district; they are. outlawed. Sounds ridiculousvand is so, but such, in prac tice, will be this propo'sed measure. Suppose some taxing district or sub division failed to make a levy in 1915 .or in any subsequent year;' how could .that district or subdivision raise any money thereafter except by calling a special election each year? -. Some . constructive legislation Is needed. which will obtain results .-through a sane and practicable method, '-bringing every department of state, county, district-and municipal govern .ment to the same level. The following plan is given, not purporting to be evenly balanced or correct as to amounts, but to illustrate a method -that will bring results without detract ing from or lowering our standard of citizenship: ... 1. State purposes,- an amount not ex ceeding 2 mills on the dollar of the actual value f tire assessable property of the state as 1 determined by the .proper process. 2. County jnurposes, an amount not exceeding 6 mills on the dollar on the assessed value of the county. 3. School purposes, an amount not exceeding 6 mills on the dollar on the assessed value of the district. . i 4. Road purposes.- an amount not ex- .-eeuing o nuns on ine ionar on tne gissesssed valuation of the district. 5. Cities, an amount not exceeding .10 mills on the dollar on the assessed alue of the city. - The above plan, together with the ."budget system now in actual practice, will furnish a safe method of levying -ind collecting public funds. While the levies for any purpose in any year may be below the amount stated, it cannot in any case be higher, and a lower levy would not disrupt the future business of such taxing district. The law per taining to bond issues and extraordi nary expanses is now taken care of by providing special elections. This law need not be disturbed. Also, in any .emergency, our State Legislature can aneet it as an extraordinary condition. This is a part of the fundamental law of self-preservation and cannot be re pealed. Should the voters distrust our Legislature, which I do not believe is true except in rare cases, they have the "referendum, which will cost a great .fleal less than calling a special elec tion. Our Legislature could meet an extraordinary condition. in one w-eek's "lime, costing not to exceed $10,000, while the calling of the special election as provided under this proposed amend ment would take three months and cost $130,000. . This effort is made in .the interest of f ooa government, an appeal to the 'common fairness and'' conion sense of the voters of Oregon. ' While at this time I am one of the public officers of Oregon, yet on January T, 1917, my term will end.- and, so tnr as now known, never again will I be anything "lut a private citizen, which, after all, is the most desirable and the most honorable title to hold. .V W". E. BALL. .,. Assessor of Lincoln County. WALL STREET AGAI.KST Hl-GIIES Republican Leaders Preclude Influence of Interests. DALLAS, Or., Nov. S. (To the Jltor.) The result most feared from th split in the Republican party in 1912. "thai automatically let the Democrats 'Into power, and that seemed certain until the outbreak of the war in Eu rope, was that the deplorable condi tion of the country would make it pos sible for "Wall street" to dictate the -nominee of the Republicans in 1916.' -. The war, however, had the effect of sl protective tariff and of so greatly increasing our exports of food, cloth ing and ammunition to the nations at (war that business in many lines be came active and prosperous. ' This prosperity strengthened the hand of the people as a whole and the Democratic party in particular. And instead of "Wall street" being in a po sition to name the rules under which -they would play at the June conven--tion, the masses of the party were able to and did force the nomination of Mr. -Hughes, whose public record and con duct on the supreme bench commanded Ittie approyal of both factions of the party and the active support of such eminently patriotic statesmen as Roosevelt. Taft, Lodge; Root. Borah, Burton. Beverjdge, Cummins and Rob ins, who are leading the party today. I want to urge upon you that it was the patriotism of these men while the country is approaching a crisis that led them to join hands In an effort to -defeat the forces at work. s - Disregarding the facts surrounding -the nomination of Mr. Hughes and that the only state in the Union (Oregon) "placing his name on the Presidential 'ballot gave him (Hughes) five votes to one over Wilson, the President of these United States is daily making the obviously false statement that Mr. Hughes was nominated and is con trolled by "Wall street" interests. On the same pages of the press publishing these statements the. Democratic pa pers are parading the news that the .president of the Harriman railroads-, the president of the Erie Railroad and the president of the Wabash have come out for Wilson and that their cam paign contributions have amounted to 1150.000 in live days and that Shadow Lawn is bursting with optimism Jrnd joy. Now it is perfectly clear to all who have kept themselves informed that "Wall street" is and has been opposed to Hughes and that the names first and always associated with the term are Rockefeller. Morgan and Harriman. They ecntrol that group of railroads headed by R. S. Lovett since Mr. Har riman's death. Jt is the leaders now in control of the Pe"tublican party who preclude any possibility of Wall street dictating tke policies of that party. If Mr. Wilson would lend the entire sup port and power of the Administration to force a law through' Congress, regard less of the merit ami Justice of the law. for'a possible 300.000 votes, what would he not barter for the electoral vote of New York, without which it is impos sible for him to be re-elected? That state is decidedly close and the one most susceptible to the influence of "Wall . street." .. E. E. ELLSWORTH. l'OST-WAR PERIOD riCTl'REU T. T. Gnr Points Oat Difficulties That "Will Fare Industry. PORTLAND, Nov. 4. (To the Editor.) "Some sweet day. bye and bye," the European war will come to a close possibly . and probably within a year. On that very day every factory in the United State3 now engaged in produc ing munitions of war for the fighting fcnations will close down. There are ap proximately two millions of men em ployed in such factories and the ques tion is, what will we do with that vast army of unemployed men thrown toward new. channels now already filled? That is one phase of the situation. Another is that there will be several millions In Europe., now on the battle fields, who A'ill be returning home, seeking employment, and when they get it the products of their labor will be hunting a market, a foreign market, and since we have, by enacting the Underwood tariff law. invited the im portation of foreign-made goods, we will presont the most attractive field to be found anywhere. It is weil to bear in mind that the plea for a lower tajpiff is based on the other plea that we want cheaper goods we lower the tariff in order that foreign-made goods may come Into t"he United States in larger quantities. Even the Democrats admit this. Then what? This is no fanciful picture, drawn for political effect. Any 10-year-old school boy can understand this state of facts. With Mr. Wilson and the Democratic party continued in power for another four years, with" the Underwood tariff law unrepealed or unmodified, condi tions in store for this country will be appalling. The year of bread lines and free soup houses, which were the por tion of our people under that law until the European war gave us a blood-red foreign market for bur foodstuffs and guns and bullets, was but a feeble fore cast of what we may expect under an other term of. Democracy and free trade. A "tariff for' revenue only" always produces just this .result. And why not? Besides. 1he most disastrous effect of such a tariff law is that while it is a bid for the products of foreign labor ers, it doesn't produce any revenue. With this condition inevitably facing us, together with the fact that Wilson has intermeddled and intervened in Mexican affairs; has kept us at war with that country for three years in a much worse condition today than when he first decided not to butt in with no American lives or property in that country, or any other, protected in the slightest degree; with the promise to exempt American vesse'ls from tolls while going through our own canal at Panama thrown to the winds. with presidential primaries sent to the same junk , heap w here the one-term plank lies in mangled decomposition, with not a single trust" busted during the past three years end the cost of living ad vanced fully 25 per cent and class leg islation illustrated, in its most flagrant form in the passage of a law, under the direst threats and timed by- a stop watch, which gave additional pay to a few who were already the highest paid, while a proposition to make its pro visions general in order to include all working men was voted down with everything in a mess that Wilson has touched, the plea that he should be re elected "on his record" is so utterly devoid of rational support, is so barren of even the faintest semblance of sin cerity on the part of those who pre sented it that one wonders at the gul libility of a part of mankind. Such a - plea Is so transparently diaphandus, is so hazy in its composi tion and its covering is so amusingly inadequate that the word "thin." if ap plied to it. would convey the idea of a steel armor plate. T. T., GEER. SUFFRAGE Ql ESTIONS ASKED Mr. tons Asks If Republican Attitude I Conditional. PORTLAND, Nov. 4. (To the Ed itor.) I desire -to thank you for the space given my letter of October 23 and for your, editorial in answer thereto. Your reply suggests other thoughts in connection with the present suffrage discussion and I trust you will allow me to mention them through your col umns. 1 neither had. nor have, any intention of taking up the cudgel on behalf of Dr. Pohl-Lovejoy nor of having a "dis pute" with anybody. Your editorial of October 23 merely suggested certain questions, which I have asked and which you have very kindly answered. In your answer to one question you ask why would not the members of Ed-(.Congress from a given state support an amendment when the majority of the people of that state were opposed to it, and then call attention to the vote of Oregon's Senators on the Un derwood tariff bill. In this you are misleading, since these are not paral lel cases. A tariff bill -does' not have to be ratified by the state after pass age, as does a . constitutional amend ment, and further, the Oregon Senators had every reason to believe that the majority of their constituents did fa vor the Underwood act, .since all par ties in 1912 were demanding a revision of the Payne-Aldrich law. That tliey were justified in such belief was shown in the re-election of Mr. Chamberlain in 1914$. after the Underwood law had become effective. In answering another question you say, "We think there is no more rea son for basing voting qualifications upon sex than upon color." Most cer tainly there is not. but permit me to ask Why the Republican party allowed the bar to stand against the intelligent white women of the United States w hen it was enfranchising a few million ig norant negroes? In another answer you say: "The point is this: No Republican Northern state not now having woman suffrage is likely to give the cause any aid if it should happen that the women's vote ,putii normally Republican states like Oregon, California and Washington into the Democratic column. And the South is so hidebound that no Demo cratic victory due to woman will now change its course of opposition." I was not prepared for, and I regret to find, such evidence of partisan bias in the mind of the editor of a great news paper. One naturally wonders if this is the sentiment of the Republican party and its candidate for President. The suffrage question is in no sense a partisan one and any attempt to make it so should be, and ultimately will be, rebuked. A woman has the same Inherent right to vote that a man has, regardless of her political opin- ions, and the law should recognize the fact. But your words would appar ently give us to understand that in tne event the women of normally Repub lican suffrage states should, in the ex ercise of their political opinions, place those states in the Democratic column, that fact will be seized upon by Re publicans in non-suffrage states as an excucse to withhold the ballot there. In other words, the result of wom an's political emancipation in one state will be used as a weapon to defeat her in another state. That simply amounts to a warning that if her political con victions run counter to the interests of the Republican party, and normally Republican states are thereby reversed, she may expect no aid or sympathy in states where that party is dominant. Under such conditions political liberty' becomes a hollow- mockery. The days of political coercion -are over in this country and if political vassalage must be the price of suffrage I am inclined to think that most self respecting Women will prefer not to have it. It appears that one party is as strongly pledged to the suffrage cause as the other and that it has become largely a question of how best to pro ceed to secure its adoption by the states. After it has been adopted by three-fourths of the states no Presi dent or Congress would dare defeat a constitutional amendment. The moral effect or educational value of the pass ace of an amendment by Congress at this time would amount "to little or nothing and the effort to secure such passage would better be directed to ward placing the question squarely be fore the people of each state, since that will have to be done in any event. Woman suffrage is right and it will ultimately prevail, but it should be presented and considered on its merits and not ever be made a partisan ques tion, 'as has been attempted in this campaign. R. M. ROSS. I.SIXTS TO FLAG iieioam;d Conditions Alone Border Compared to Thome in Cuba Year Ago. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To the Edi tor.) A decade and eight years ago there was at Montauk Point, on the eastern extremity of Long Island, a camp of United States troops, as you see alont? our southern border today. It was a camp for recuperation and convalescing of the men who had been in Cuba and finished their work. The waves were beating on the rock-bound coast in response to the wind, whisper ing softly, as if it were a requiem for tre dead on a nearby hillside, and in cidentally a requiem of Malhew Ar nold's lines of "Westward the course of Empire takes Its way." They ap peared to b? feHjing. "Westward! West ward, and westward!" trying to push, as it were, this country of ours ever forward. Ear across the Pacific were the comrades of these men echoing the whispers of nature's sweet voice and doing the work from which the men were now resting on that far eastern projection of the United States. The flag had been hauled up "anew In Ha waii, where it has been hauled down' by Commissioner Blount in Cleveland's Administration. They were now in the Philippines, bringing liberty to the far ends of the earth. Far to the south on the Cuban hills, from which a hundred camp fires were burning, were other comrades of the men in the States and the Ear East. You cfuld hear the regimntl bands playing "The Star-Spangled Banner." at "retreat" on those hills. Ah, I tell you it meant something to be an Amer ican then! There was a something about the air which I never felt before or since. Cuba Libre was an accom plished fact, while Porto Rico had passed under the Stars and Stripes. I was there on those Long Island hills. I watched those men with those haggard and wan faces. Aye. I was one of them myself. The President was in camp that morning. No review was siven him. Mr. McKinley was too much of a man to ask It. as liesdrove down the main street of that camp and saw the earner faces of those men, saw them rush to the ends of those com pany streets. 1 saw him remove his hat and bow to those men. To me' it appeared a benediction. I can hear the cheers of those war-worn men echo over those hills yet, as they removed those ragged campaign hats and waved them with that characteristic snap and vim a soldier only knows. Mr. McKinley saw his duty, and much as he dreaded It, he did not shlrK it. War came. We left some of our dead behind. More because of illness than enemy's fire." The Medical De partment, the Quartermasters' Depart ment and Commissary Department had all fallen down, a result of our poor and mistaken military policy, and for whicli the Army was not tublame. The watch dogs of the country have to be content with what is given them. They saw, as necessities went from year to year, into the pork barrel, where they are still going under the policy of our Congressmen, which is "I tlJe you and you tickle me." But Mr. .McKinley saw his duty and we honored him for it. We, had done .ours and had ac complished much for the country. The prestige of the Nation was at its height. Destiny had brought new op portunities and responsibilities, which some of our. people would shirk. But destiny w ill not down. Truth crushed to earth will rise again. Aye, to haunt those who would crush her! So much for the "then "; a word for the "now." I was "somewhere on the Mexican border" this Summer. Some of my comrades were men who were, with me in the days of '98. We have a larger Army down there now than we had at any time in Cuba or in the Philippines. It is a fence, as it were, a grandstand if you please, with the 'whole country for an audience looking on the Mexican show, with the ushers our troops and those who would venture a little too close getting a pot shot now and then. A word -from an old regular will not be out of plac. "We have been." said he, "down here ever since President Taft went out of otiice. In that time we never slept under a roof except what a tent furnished. Never a comfortable bed. We have been jeered, laughed at, spit at, shot at from across the lin-. and haven't been allowed to lire back, let alone to talk back." Ah. this Is a tine show our Democratic friends are giving, us. It is the same show which continued in the Island of Cuba for three years and of which President McKinley said, when he replied to the European diplo mats, that this country could not re main insensible to a situation at our very doors which had become insuffer able. I have listened . to the men in the ranks as they talked and expressed i their opinions: I have talked with the I men of the fleet when it lay at an chor in the bay at San Diego. It is not a far cry from McKinley the beloved, for he was loved by the men in the service, to Woodrow. I must refrain from a title, for the attitude of the services-is but contempt. But, oht the change! Mr. T. T. Geer. unintentionally per haps, slanders the men when -he says Pershing and his men are afraid to move in Chihuahua. If the truth were known, and I know the men of the service, they are like a nervous steed which has to be held in check. If the truth were known, they are not held because -they are afraid to move, but held under orders from Washington. Ah, it is a grand show! Thus we have Vkept the country out of war." Have they? Ask the men on the Kit Grande. Ask them what they think of our Democratic friends' conception oi honor. They would compare Woodrow Wilson wfth Lincoln the sorrowful and McKinley the beloved! We know what duty meant to these men. That they paid the cost in suffering-, grief and sorrow. And you have the gall to ask the men who answered the call of duty of these leaders for their vote. You slander the intelligence of brave men. Woodrow the hesitating has no place in our hearts. Go on and tell it to the marines! SOLDIER LABOR ATTITUDE IS DOUBTED Action by Mr. Wilaon I Declared Un friendly to Cause. AIRLIE. Or.. Nov. 3. (To the Edi tor.) How often we hear our Demo cratic friends claiming a victory on November 7 for various reasons. One of their claims for sufficient gain in votes to offset tne usual - number of Republican votes Ut . Wilson's attitude toward labor. Are you on? Well, let's take a Joy ride. Wilson's attitude to ward labor. Now, Just what is this at titude, anyway? We infer that it is favorable, but let us look. Would an officer of Mr. Wilson's rank be assisting the cause of labor if he robbed- labor of an opportunity to labor? Hardly. Did he do it? Let us look at the first year of the present Administration dur ing normal conditions of peace, which Democracy claims itself to be the creator and perpetuator of. Some dandy year for labor, we should agree. Chucked full of hollow days, of course, but precious few paydays. But it is said these "bad times" are caused by Republican money men. who were going to punish the people for making their honest choice; punish the people by shutting down their factories. In fact, lose heavily financially just to punish ignorant voters. Looks reason able, doesn't it? Let us suppose you worked in a sawmill. Just to bring It within range of your feelings. Would you bubble over with enthusiasm at the mention of a man's name who helped your cause by making it pos sible for Brrtish Columbia lumber to undersell Oregon lumber to the extent that your boss started in to lose orders so fast that he had to shut down his mill, just for the sake of revenge on Democratic doctrines? There should be a law compelling Republican employ ers to continue the operation of their plants during a Democratic Adminis tration. That would be democratic. Wonder why Democratic employers don't shut down their mills during Re publican Administrations and show people that the rule works both ways? Are they too kind-hearted? No, not by a great deal. They haven't any mills, simply because they manogejtheir own business as badly as they would like to manage ours. If Democracy favors labor, then they must ravor capital, because tne two work better together than apart. Then why don't they protect American cap ital instead of blindfolding, hobbling and hogtyingf it until It Is afraid to invest in 10 cents' worth of labor for fear the mule will break out and tram ple all under foot? If labor wants to be favored it hnd better vote for a party that will guarantee protection to Americans. If any single class of voters-should not favor Wilson it is the laboring class. And. fortunately, the majority of this class is intelligent enough to know that Wilson's attitude toward la bor was tbe prime cause of that awful year before, the war. Now. they say. the golden tide of prosperity is flow ing our way. Is it possible that there is anyone who doesn't want to recog nize the fact that it is caused by the very thing that Wilson folks claim thev abhor, and that is. war? What Democracy needs is to keep war abroad and peace at home to insure prosperity. If peace is good, it is good all over the world, and with universal peace and Democratic rule in America comes pov erty. - I should say that "Wilson's attitude toward labor should" be the very rea son that every man. who works for a living should vote against him and guarantee his own safety. E. B. BIRKENBEUEL. TARIFF IS VITAL. OREGO.N ISSlE Lumbering. Chief Industry. Hit Hardest by Democratic Policy. PORTLAND, Nov. 4. (To the Edr itor.) There are certain factors in the coming political crisis which are of paramount local importance and which it appears to me are not given due con sideration by the average voter. The most important probably Is tha matter of the tariff. Those who have lived a long time in this part of the United States know that it is hit harder during a Democratic administration than any other part of the country, and the depressions are longer continued, the reason being that the Democratic party appears to lack interest In the welfare of the district and on the other hand pursues a. ( tenacious policy of hampering our struggling Industries. In the Eastern states there are many varied industries and during Demo cratic times these industries are more or less disturbed by the partial reduc tions made in the tariffs, but on the whole business goes along with a limp and the InJuYy wrought Is not to be compared with that in this section. In this section, however, the Demo cratic policy has been to strike at the roots of our principal Industries by cut ting out the tariff altogether and the result is widespread and long-continued demoralization. All of our principal products, lumber, wool, wheat, etc., are sold on a free trade basis and our purchases are paid for on a protected basis. By reason of this peculiar policy we are made to suffer financially for the benefit of Eastern manufacturing in terests whose products we consume and lhe question arises, would it not be manifestly to the betterment ot our local Interests if the whole country was put on a free trade basis during Demo cratic times? We would realize the same amount for our products as at present and our money would buy a far greater amount of Eastern manufac tured goods. . . . Naturally as.it result of the good times which have come to the East by reason of the war we shall expect a sympathetic Improvement in our local conditions while the Influence of the war last but If -we elect Mr. Hughes we know- that the Republican party wilt look after us as it always has and restore to us our tariffs. AVe.wlll then prosper by reason, of the. added value of our products with a re.-niltanl Increase in our payrolls and an assured confi dence in continued prosperity alter the close of the war. E. H. COLL1S. 5UVDAV REST LAW HELD EKD Writer Declares Unrestrained Competi tion Eventually Will" Destroy Trade. PORTLAND, Nov. 4. (To the Edi tor.) I read an article in a daily paper rejoicing over the prospect of the repeal of the Sunday closing law, telling how delightful it will be when all business is wide open on Sunday. I also road the statement of the sec retary of the Oregon Retail Grocers' Association in which he laments the opening of grocery stores on Sunday, truly urging the need of a rest day for the overworked grocers and their assistants.' 1 also heard a woman, a church member, too. say that it would not make any difference whether the present law was repealed or upheld as to stores being open on Sunday. It seems from these two first quoted sources that It will make a great change in business. , that the rest day will be destroyed. Do we want this to occur? Laying aside all religious views, let us look at it solely from an econorrric standpoint. In this busy age we need a rest day. If it is not protected by law business interests will completely destroy the opportunity for such a day. If part of the stores are open, all must be, or be Injured in trade. ." The supposition that each grocery or other business can be open as he pleases will not be possible. All that anyone desires is that . all be closed on Sundays. If all are open, competi tion will require no rest any time. The profits which now accrue to those keeping open on Sunday will be done away with. ' It will be a ceaseless grind. Employes will, of course, be required to work Sundays. They can neither gro to church or. to a moving picture show or have a rest in the country. There will be' no general rest day in which families and neigh bors can carry on any religious or other change from employment. In the excitement of a strenuous political campaign I fear we are overlooking the far-reaching consequences of an open Sunday. Can we afford to make such a change? The present law is not in the interest of any religious sect or organization. It is solely for a rest day for man and beast and ma chinery. It is a physical necessity, without which everything will suffer and decay. Socially and morally, this Is also true. Let us retain the present law. It can perhaps be improved in some particulars. Do not forget to vote 313 No next Tuesday. S. L LYMAN. ORIGINAL, SABBATH ' DISCUSSED Correspondent Tells of Rnrly Church and Its Observances. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To the Ed itor.) The spirit that animates those Oregonians who seek by legal enact ment to coerce people's consciences is the reincarnation of the spirit that kindled the tires of Smithfleld, that lit the fagots for Savonarola, for Servetus. His life might have been spared had Servetus been willing to say. as the lames consumed his body. "Jesus, thou eternal Son of God. have mercy on me." instead of "'Jesus, thou Son of the eternal God"! And Servetus' death, his tory luys at the ooor of John Calvin. . Today public libraries abound, books of reference and history are plentiful and easil accessible: there Is no ex cuse for bigotry and Intolerance, the horrid fruits of superstitious ignor ance. In the Bible and in secular histories of ancient Oriental peoples we learn that our first flay of the week was a weekly pagan festival dedicated to the worship of the sun. hence the name Sunuay, while Saturday, our seventh day of the week, was the weekly festi val day of the Israelites, dedicated to the worship of their God. Yaliweh (Je hovah). Surrounded on alk sides ty sun-worshiping nations, the seventh day Sabbath of the Israelites was not only the sacred badge of their religion, but the distinctive mark of their na tionality as well an invisible barrier hedging them about, a "peculiar peo ple." and at the ame time serving to keep them from participation in the worship of Baal and Ashtaroth. Thus the Israelites had good, cause to take their SabbaOi seriously and death was the penalty for its infraction. In New Testament times the Romans had de prived the Jews of the right to Inflict the death penalty. But in Mark's gos pel, third chapter, is dramatically told how the church leaders resolved upon the Master's deifruction as a danger ous revolutionary because he healed a man on the Sabbath day. After the ascension, in addition to the observance of the seventh day Sab bath, the early Christians met on the first day (Sunday), either late in the evening or early in the morning. Work was not suspended; the early Chris tians were too poor to afford two iiys of cessation from labor. As p:igan converts increased we find observance of the first day (Sunday) becoming more accentuated, causing controversy between the pagan Christians and the Jewish Christians, hence Paul's admo nition, "Let no man judge you in re spect of . an holy day. or of the new moon, or the Sabbath days." And so matters stood until 321 A. D.. when the Emperor Constanlin by legal enact ment ordered his subjects to embrace Christianity and commanded the ob servance of sun's day as the Christian Sabbath. Of Constuntine history re cords' neither his intellectual nor his moral qualities were such as to earn the title "Qreat." His claim to great ness rests mainly on the fact that he divined the future which lay before Christianity and determined to enlist It In the service of his empire." At the time of the Reformation some question arose as to whether Sunday was a divine or a human institution. To prove Its divinity severe laws were- enacted to force its observance. The clergy of the Reformation may have had some grounds for their Ignorance regarding the origin and history of sun's day; but our clergy of today have no excuse for Ignorance of the fact that from time immemorial the day of which Viey seek to make a "divine in stitution" by legal enactment was a day dedicated to the orgiastic rites oi the debased cults of the gods of "the Canaanites; they have no excuse for not knowing that sun's day was enact ed' the Christian. Sabbath by a t-lever, sun-worshiping", pagan politician. "Your new moons and your Sabbaths I cannot away with Ihey are a wea riness unto me. Is not this the fast that I have chosen, to undo the heavy burdens, to deal thy bread to the hun gry, to bring the poor that are cast out into thy house, when thou scest the naked that thou cover him. Inasmuch as ye have done it unto the least of these, my brethren, ye have done it unto me." - MARION B. CLEVELAND. PEACH PROPHETS ARK GRILLED Writer Points Ont Wobblers Shown l"p by Catmpaia-n. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To the Ed itor.) There is one great blessing that stands out so prominently in the local and National life that even the dullest must profit by It. seeing It towering over the manifold curses of the pres ent political campaign, and that is the revealing of the false peace prophets who have la the past sought to guide us into the paths leading to freedom from war. It was my privilege to listen a few months ago to Colonel C. E. S. Wood In Library Hall. 'wTiere he scored In bit terest terms the monster militarism and its forerunner, preparedness; he denounced these as instruments for the oppression of the workers, and was vociferously applauded. It was such an exact voicing of my belief that 1 pinched myself to see If I were not dreaming, for here was an Ideal cham pion for an ideal cause. But once out side the demon doubt, assailed me and whispered, "Beware! This Is an ac knowledged genius, and genius is pro verbially erratic and unreliable." Then another genius and idealist. Henry KordJ also voiced exactly simi lar sentiments by buying whole pages of the press, wherein he exhorted us that the preparedness brand advocated meant "prepare to meet thy God through an early deatrr in battle" to the workers, and he breathed peace and plenty, minus preparedness. About the same time another genius and idealist. President Wilson, who at one time declared against "making this country Into an armed camp," had as sumed the. privilege of a genius and was touring the peaceful State of Kan sas, whose citizens had almost unani mously declared against preparedness, striving to scare the. Kansas farmers into the "armed camp" of preparedness he once denounced. 'And now prepare to laugh! Colonel Wood has been touring Oregon implor ing the people to vote for Wilson, who "gave us peace, prosperity and pre paredness." And Mr. Ford will for the first tune In years exercise his right of franchise by voting for Wilson and "-tu again bless the press of the coun try by buying pages of advertising im ploring us to save the country by elect ing Wilson, who gave, us ditto Mr. Wood's arguments. The moral seems to be, give a false prophet a little time and he will expos himself. Neither of these ardent -peace pro phets remind us that Mr. Wilson signed the Army bill that empowers the Pres ident to draft the citizen of this coun try into the Army in time of war: a power never possessed by any Presi dent except Lincoln, and who refused to again use it on account of the riots and bloodshed it provoked during the Civil War; a law that even England during the present war -had the great est difficulty in fastening upon her citizens, and "which Australia will de feat in the coming . referendum vote on that measure. Yet here are two anti-mtlltarists and erstwhile peace angels espousing the cause of Mr. Wilson, who failed to keep us ouc of war in Haiti, Santo Domin go, Vera Cruz; these -being helpless countries, there was no need to keep the sword sheathed. But happily the Kaiser kept us out of war with Ger many, in spite of Mr. Wilson, for ob vious reasons of his own. Hence con sistency demands we vote for the Kai ser. But Mr. Wilson failed to keep us out of w ar at Ludlow. Colo., where the workers were shot by the Rockefeller militia, nor in Virginia. Calumet, and. above all. in Wilson's own state, where, at Bayonne. N. J., the authorities gave Standard Oil the right to use machine guns, and two women and several men were killed for striking, victims of the Wllsonlan peace, plenty and "prepared ness that has devastated homes and embittered the workers. Did Mr. Wil son condemn, this as an outrage against humanity? Sad to say. both Colonel Wood and Ford have flirted with the growing maiden. Socialism. But when, through to assume the functions of maturity, and calls all anti-militarists to help her create a true and lasting peace based on the co-operative common wealth, by incidentally voting tpr Mr. Benson, these erratic gentlemen . em brace the Democratic donkey, as his voice Is more penetrating, his shape comelicr and his ears longer and fur rier. They have learned the obvious precept that if you would tickle the popular ear. select those with the most hair therein. Yet Mr. Benson's argu ments are the suiii and substance ot the earlier utterances of both thesc gentlemen, and Mr. Benson's voting strength will be an exact numbering of tho anti-military population; but ;hey as geniuses consistently refuse to support this peace prophet who re mains true to his convictions in time of stress. LOUIS IIONSTEIN. CAPITALISM RISE IS DISCUSSED Soclallt-L.abor Partr la Declared Only Way to Emancipation of Labor. PORTLAND, Nov. 4. (To the Edi tor.) When capitalism first stepped upon the stage of history it did so in the interest of the matority and In the interests of right and morality. Capitalism smashed the Iron and en slaving grip of feudalism upon the minds and bodies of the people: It pro tected science, opened up wide fields for education, and gave abundant op portunities to all. Capitalism shuttered the power of kings, princes, lords and barons. The new. social actor lajighed In the face of "Divine Right" and went dramatically on with its revolutionary performances with a speed and a dar ing unparalleled in the aunals of man. Feudalism was soon put down and capitalism had the floor. The social change was necessary. Capitalism was progressive and constructive and an in dispensable link in the chain of evolu tion. But the new social system, owing to Its very nature and to the fact that It was able enormously to increase the volume of production for sale, had no alternative but to keep full speed ahead with the result that enormous wealth concentrated in the hands of a few. while opportunities receded out of the reach of the many. The belief arose that this competi tive system was. not final but merely a stepping-stone to the next system, the co-operative commonwealth. This belief was based upon facts, for capi talism has already, in AYnerica at least, fulfilled its historical mission. It has brought about education, political lib erty and has developed that wonder ful engine of production, the trust, the collective ownership of which ends camtalism. The capture of the trust for the people .Is the next g-eat rvolutlonary step forward. The Socialist party, an organization composed of "sentimental ists who imagine themselves Socialists, is attempting to capture the trust with tue vote aloue ' backed up only by revolutionary utterances. The Socialist parry denies the necessity for the economic organization, the only con ceivable force with which the ballot can be backed up. and the only think able means by- which production can be administered when capitalism Is abolished. This economic organization (industrial union) Is the embryo of future society: it is the permanent thiiig. while the political organization though Indispensable is. contrary to the Socialist party's idea, merely a mean s-to-an -end thing. It is therefore obvious that the Socialist party, gulriel only by sentiment. Is trying to lead the workers Into the blind alley of right without might, which would mean defeat and disaster for labor. The anarchists on the other hand rush to the other extreme and re pudiating political action advocate the capture of the trust by physical force alone. This is the advocacy of might without right, which is not only foolish and useless, but also soclaTIy criminal. While the Socialist party and the I. W. W. are thus acting as Ilghtnlng rqds to run labor's revolutionary forces Into the ground, the capitalist class (plutocracy) Is adroitly marshalling Its forces preparatory to reaching out for absolutism In government. Of all the parties in the field the Socialist-Labor party In the only one that lights the path to the emancipa tion of labor. The Socialist-Labor party Is organising industrially and politically to take over the trust for the people knowing that the Industrial organization (union) is the unde veloped form of future society and fore shadows its administrative powers. PATRICK O' HALLO RAN. REPUBLICANS A It K CAI.TIONED Voters Ursed Not to Be Misled by De ceptive IsHUCa. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To the Ed itor.) There Is a well-defined and marked dtlnctlon between the poli cies and principles of the Republican party and the policies and principles of the Democratic party. Charles E. Hughes Is the nominee of the Republican party and Wocairow Wilson f the Democratic party and each stands for and represents the pol icies and principles of his own party. Both were fairly and honorably nomi nated and one of them will be elected. Be not misled or deceived. Any per son voting for Mr. Wilson is voting for the policies and .principles of the Democratic party and any person vot ing for Mr. Hughes is voting for the policies and principles of the Repub lican party. There is no valid or in telligent reason why anyone who claims to be a Republican should not vote for Mr. Hughes and any person claiming to be a Republican who votes for Mr. Wilson thereby becomes a Democrat and a supporter of the poli cies and principles of the Democratic party. If you are a Republican you will vote for-Mr. Hughes and If you do not vote for Mr. Hashes you have nc rlhi to claim that you are a Republican. Your Presidential vole is the tru test of your political faith. People who have registered as. Re publicans and who live in the City ot Portland in particular -should not for get there has been a material change in business conditions in this city since 1912. President Wilson's most ardent supporter must admit that busi- ness conditions In Portland were much better under either Taft or Roosevelt than they have been under Wilson. I want again to see business condi tions and values in Portland the same as they were in 1912. when Wilson was elected. It is said the money in tho banks Is an evidence of prosperity, but that does not Jielp the poor devil who is in debt and cannot sell his property or who has a mortgage on his homo and cannot pay the- interest. Do not be fooled or led astray by false or deceptive Issues. Portland grew and prospered under both .Roose velt and Taft and will do it again un der Hughes. Why should any registered Repub lican vote for Wilson? CHARLES A. JOHNS. ( 2 DEMOCRATIC RULE IS 'ASSAILED StatUtlCH Are Cited to Prove That Prosperity Is Doc to War. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To the Editor) A table of statistics based upon in formation furnished by the United States Department of Commerce haa jut been issued by the school of com merce of the University of Oregon. It shows that under the normal con ditions of 1914 we exported in "war materials' J244.753.02S. and that In the fiscal year of 1916 we have exported $1,645,363,022. an Increase of over II. 400.000.000. Is that Democratic or war . prosperity? In foodstuffs in 1914 wo exported 1192.199.252. In the years 1313 and IMS we exported 1.425.SSt.3i4. Id that Democratic or war prosperity? In horses wa exported I3.3SS.819 In 1914 and In the two years of 1915 ami 1916 we exported H3T.5TT.6S0. Of this amount it Is said that a half million dollars went into aur own county of Harney alone. Do the horseraisers call this Democratic prosperity or war prosperity? In wool manufactures we exported J4. 790.087 in 1914. In the two years of 1915 and 191 we exported 161.311.106. Do the woolralsers of Eastern Oregon give credit for that to the Democratic party, or to the European wnr.that has acted the part of a protective tariff in this crisis? Tn wheat we exported 5S7.953.456 in 1914. In the two years of 1915 and and 1816 we exported $549,094,907. Are the wheatralsers of Eastern Oregon such consummate fools as to attribute this excess of wheat exports and thu present high price of wheat to Wood row Wilson? In oats we exported $757,527 In 1914. In the years 1915 and 19L6 we exported $105,463,060. Our total excess of ex ports In 115 and 1916 over 1914 on rye was J28.552.S96; on barley. $34,594.43; on corn. $63,111,913; on canned beef, $30,865,059; on fresh beef. $49.82s.y56: on bacon. $ 100.062.6S9. and" on wheat flour. $127,762,973. On these seven stn ple exports and others not listed 'here appears an excess of exports In the last two years over 1914 of over a half billion dollars. In the face of all this. j Democratic campaigners are out in r.ascern urepon h nvi running up anu down the Willamette Valley and South ern Oregon telling the horseraisers and the sheepralsers and the Jiog raisers and cattieralsers and the raisers of corn and rye and barley and wheat and other foodstuffs that It Is the Demo cratic party that has made them pros perous. Pinned down to a bill of spe- ' ctflcatlons. they cannot show any piece of Democratic legislation that has put a single dollar Into the pocket of tho .American farmer'or given a single day additional employment to American labor. j Meantime the business failures under Wilson have never even been approxi mated In any Republie;fn administra tion. In 1913. 1914 andlSIS there were 17.456 more business failures than in the first three years under Taft. aggro gating In amount J3s3.-H5.oOS more than did three years' failures under Taft. All this in spite of the tre mendous impulse given to business by the European war. Will Postmaster Myers and Collector Burke and Collec tor Miller and Chairman Colonel Sam White and other distinguished Demo- cratic apologists tell us what the Dem ocratic party has had to do with bring ing about the existing war prosper ity and who is respnsible. if the Dem ocratic party is not. for the fact that in every single year under Wilson there have been more business failures than In any single, year under any Re publican administration? They can get valuable assistance 1n this work by consulting tbe great commercial agen cy of R- G. Dun & Co. CHARLES I. MOORES. MM.Li; TAX BILL ATTACKED Many Hold Worthies Land Because They Cannot Sell. Says Writer. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To the Editor.) For years I have been writing farm and labor letters to the editors and have found them published Just as I worded them. For years I have tried to wrltn one on single tax. but each time when it is finished and I look it over I hav.- decided I can't control my wrath suf ficiently on this subject. un October 2 in a letter Mr. U'Ren gives a Mrdseye view of the Jealousy he ptssesses of the landlord who collects $18.ooo for a bare lot. Well now. there, are thousands of other bare lots In f Multnomah County. No one Is forced to rent that lot. He mav have paid a small sum for it 50 years aso. 1 held one 40 years because it was too value less to sell. Suppose Mr. U'Ren should go to Alaska and find a valuable gold mine. Then one of those I Won't Work gentle men came along and Informed him that this land belonged to the state. .V woman on the street asked me to sign a petition to get a Farmers' Land and Loan bill bffore the people. I said I did not understand It, therefore should not sign it. but she snid it was. a boon to the farmer and it sounded that way. So I signed it. I think thul Is fraud. If a man steals or robs lie is sent to the penitentiary. I know of a certainty that many wealthy Eastern farmers have passed, up Oregon because of single tax. We have now had nine years of chaos and people who have toiled past the half century mark would hail with Joy any thing like peace. Some people are born crying. They go through life meddling. They crave at tention and notoriety. We tee this from childhood No one believes .that every apple In the bin is good but shall we deal un justly with 999 good men because one man collects ll&.OoO and we have not yet proved that he has not been taxed to the limit to hold it ever since Lewis and Clark crossed over the country? L. UNDERWOOD. WET ADVOCATES ARE ASSAILED )lagerl of Campaign Abstain Fran Liquor. Declare Writer. PORTLAND. Nov. 4. (To tree Edi tor.) Your" witty correspondent, who signs the name "Professor Deevcr," I think could have gone a step farther and claimed this explanation for the ef ficiency of the wet campaign literature the -one which undoubtedly is true: That the big men who are managing election affairs for that party are prob ably abstainers in whole or In part, knowing too well what's in the stuff, and Us baleful effect- They try it on tho "dog." Safety first. M. E. L. "