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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 5, 1916)
THE SUNDAY ORECOXIAN, PORTLAND, NOVEMBER
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I'ORTLAND, . SCXBAY. NOV. 5, 1916.
FORECASTS OF THK BISECTION.
Such great confidence In the re-election
of President "Wilson Is professed
by his supporters that it is high time
to examine the records with a view
of discovering what basis of fact or
probability there is for this confidence.
A forecast of the result has been made
by W. Y. Morgan, Western director
of publicity for the Republican Na
tional Committee, who might be ex
pected to give his own party the bene
fit of every doubt. Yet he only claims
as sure for Hughes 248 electoral votes
from states which have not wavered
in their allegiance to the Republican
party since 1892, except in 1912, when
the party was split. Illinois and Wis
consin should be placed in the same
category, but he classes them as only
"probably Republican." Illinois, alone,
added to the sure votes, would give
Hughes 277, or eleven more than a
bare majority. Ohio. West Virginia
and Connecticut should go in that list,
but he calls them only "likely for
Hughes," along with Nevada, New
Mexico and Montana.
These "probably" and "likely" Re
publican states would swell the total
for Hughes to 333. Mr. Morgan also
lists seven states with forty-nine votes
Mr. Hughes need -only capture eigh
teen out of the 157 votes classed as
probably or likely Republican or
doubtful, in addition to carrying all
the states that are considered sure, in
order to win the election. He still has
a wide margin to make good any de
fections among the regular Republican
How reasonable is Mr. Morgan's
forecast may be judged from calcula
tions made by The Oregonian after the
Maine election in September. The
aggregate vote of each state for Rep
resentatives, or in a few cases for Sen
ator, of each party in 1914 was taken
as a basis. The percentage of gain by
the Maine candidates for Senator over
that total was oalculated. The same
percentages were then added to the
Republican and Democratic votes of
1914 in each other state to form an
estimate of the result in 1916. The
resulting electoral vote is given in the
following table and compared with
Mr. Morgan's forecast:
Delaware . . . .
Iowa . . . ,
Kansas . i. . . . . ,
Minnesota. . . . . .
M issoria .......
New Jersey . .. .
North Carolina .
North TJakota . .
Pennsylvania . .
South Carolina .
South Dakota ..
Tennessee . . . . .
"Washington . ..
"West Virginia . ,
Total electoral votes.
Necessary to elect . .
This comparison proves the Morgan
estimate to be decidedly conservative.
It warrants the conclusion that only a
landslide can re-elect Mr. Wilson.
There are no indications of a landslide
in the political situation. The Repub
lican party is united, aggressive and
enthusiastic. Whatever individual de
fections have occurred are largely if
not fully offset by corresponding de
fections from the Democracy. The
new issues which have arisen since
1912, and especially since 1914. are
the only source of doubt. They could
only bring about Republican defeat by
causing wholesale desertion of the
Republican party without equal change
in the other direction. At the worst,
they are not likely to do more than
make the result close.
The political condition is such as to
make it more than ever the duty of
every adherent of Republican prin
ciples to vote, but it gives every ground
for confidence that, if that be done,
victory for Hughes and Fairbanks will
be recorded on Tuesday. .
Efforts now on foot in Philadelphia
to introduce a system of therapeutics
based on the curative power of music
are especially interesting because they
propose to take into account the dif
ference between major and minor in
tne treatment of disease. Major music
is to be employed on the assumption
that it stimulates a feeling of joy and
happiness; minftr music is supposed -to
have a depressant effect on emotions,
with which conclusion all who ever
have lived in proximity to a country
town barber shop will agree heartily.
Major music, it would seem, acts as
i strychnine or digitalis of the musical
system, while the minor falls Natur
ally into the bromine class. The new
idea has not been tried in cases
enough to warrant a report of results,
but it has been advocated on the plat
form of the University Extension So
ciety. Music is especially recom
mended as a "preserver of the facul
ties" and as a remedy in nerve dis
turbances, but due allowance must be
made, of course, for the skill of the
performer and other factors.
ECHO OF A CAMPAIGN' FAKE.
Would Hughes, if elected, carry out his
tnreat to wipe all the constructive legisla
tion of this Administration off the statute
books? From an interview by Senator
What threat? Is it possible that
Senator Chamberlain is willing to lend
his name and influence to support of
a despicable campaign lie? Has he
no better material for his campaign
for his candidate than to echo a
shameless falsehood about Mr. Hughes
persistently circulated by the Evening
Will Senator Chamberlain come
forth and, in view of all the evidence
to the contrary, say, on his honor as
a Senator and a citizen, he believes
that Mr. Hughes made at Milwaukee,
or anywhere, a declaration of purpose
to repeal all the legislative accom
plishments of President Wilson? We
The original incorrect and blunder
ing report of Mr. Hughes" Milwaukee
speech was printed in .the Chicago
Tribune. It was carried by no
other 'Western paper, so far as
we know. It was carried by no press
association, not even the Journal's.
It was promptly repudiated by the
Tribune, and now again the Tribune
notifies The Oregonian that it was
Yet the Portland Journal insists
that Mr. Hughes said it, solely be
cause the Chicago Tribune, through
a reporter's mistake, said he said it.
Is such a paper worthy of the
slightest modicum of confidence or
ASSESSOR REED'S SERVICE.
A street circular, published over
the signature of a candidate against
Henry E. Reed for the County As
sessorship, is singularly bold and reck
less in its misstatements about Mr.
Reed's-methods in the conduct of his
The charges are, in brief, that As
sessor Reed has favored a certain re
ligious denomination in various exemp
tions from taxation, and several cita
tions are given. Mr. Reed showed
yesterday, through an interview in
The Oregonian, that the accusations
emanated, first, from an employe
summarily discharged for cause, and,
second, that they were without ex
The law makes certain rules for
the exemption of the property of re
ligious and charitable organizations
from taxation. Mr. Reed has fol
lowed in all cases the exact re
quirements of law and has made
no discrimination whatever between
churches, or clubs, or any others.
Moreover, in nearly every instance
cited for criticism, he had not altered
the classification of his predecessor.
The assault upon Mr. Reed is par
ticularly vicious and unwarranted. He
has made a most capable and intelli
gent officer. He has mastered the
many intricate -problems of taxation,
and he has systematized the work
of assessment so that all are
treated in exact accordance with
the uniform rule prescribed by law.
His defeat would be a misfortune, on
any ground. Hi3 defeat as a conse
quence of the attack made on him
would be a shame.
BACK TO THK BREAD LINE.
Our prosperity, says President Wil
son, is not due to the war.
Our prosperity, says the cuckoo
press, is due to the superior construct
ive wisdom of President Wilson, and
is not due to the war.
One per cent of our total trade,
avers President Wilson, is to be cred
ited to manufacture of munitions for
But a Democratic statistician raises
the Presidential estimate 100 per cent,
and says it is only 2 per cent.
Yet our exports of war materials
are more than five times what they
were in 1914 five times!
Let anyone who thinks our foreign
trade has had a normal and legitimate
increase, not due to the war, read the
following official figures:
War materials.. 244.75S.025
All munitions 4.)6.!5'.277
Other exports... 1,802. 7ol.74S 1.900.371,341
. $2,329, 6S4.025 4,284,397,774
Prior to the war the country was
going, through the soup-kitchen era
of President Wilson's Administration.
Who docs not remember it? Who
does not hope against its return?
But now we are wringing the last
dollar from the over-wrought and
bleeding nations of Europe to fatten
our purses. Who dares to say what
will happen in America after the war?
What has President Wilson done, or
what will he do, to prevent a return
of the breadline throughout the Na
tion? GOVERNOR WTLSOX AND CHILD LABOR.
Has anybody seen any reference to
labor legislation adopted in New Jer
sey when Woodrow Wilson was Gover
nor of that state? There has been a
good deal said about that accom
plished by Governor Hughes' adminis
tration in New York, but what of New
In 1910 the first New Jersey Legis
lature under the Wilson administra
tion amended the child-labor laws so
as to prohibit employment of minors
under 15 years .of age at night, but
it permitted employment of minors
between 16 and 16 at night for a year
At that time Oregon had had for
five years a law prohibiting night
employment of minors under 16 years
of age. Lagging New Jersey did not
even attain Oregon's record under
In 1911 Oregon prohibited employ
ment of children under 14 years of
age in any capacity during the entire
school term, and in certain employ
ments, including mercantile, at any
time. . Mark the word "term." In the
same year the Wilson administration
in New Jersey adopted a law pro
hibiting employment of minors in
mercantile establishments only during
school hours. Mark the word "hours."
Whereas, the Oregon law prohibited
employment in any capacity of chil
dren under 16 after 6 P. M., New Jer
sey prohibited employment of chil
dren under 16 in mercantile establish
ments after 7 P. M., except on one day
a week, when they might be employed
until 9 P. M-, and except between
December 15- and December 25, when
they might be employed until 10 P. M.
New Jersey in the same year pro
hibited employment of children in
night messenger service. Oregon in
that year prohibited employment of
children under 16 in messenger service
day or night and also prohibited at
any time the employment of children
under 14 in any workshop, mercantile
establishment, store, business office.
restaurant, bakery, hotel or apartment-house.
Governor Wilson's child-labor legis
lation seems to have wavered between
a sense of duty toward the little folk
and a sympathy for employers, who
were coining money out of parental
WHO GETS THE CREAM?
The" neglected 80 per cent of rail
road employes in their petition to
President and Congress looking to
more pay hit the nail exactly on the
head in this paragraph:
"When tins law becomes effective
on January 1, 1917 the chances for
betterment of the condition of the 80
per cent will be diminished by reason
of the great tax upon, the revenues of
the railroads in paying this 25 per cent
increase to the train and yard service
The chances of the 80 per cent
numbering about 1,600.000 railroad
workers for easier hours and more
wages are not enhanced by the Adam
son act.. They are injured. The
brotherhoods are to be favored by a
25 per cent increase if the Adamson
act means anything whatever hap
pens to the revenues of any railroad;
but what about the neglected and
ignored 1,600,000 workers? Will the
brotherhoods look after them next?
Not on your life.
The average wage of the four classes
of trainmen affected by the Adamson
law is, or will be, $5 per day. The
average for the others is about $2.31
per day, as shown by the Interstate
Commerce Commission reports. They
Oeneral office clerks f2.50
Station agents 2.20
Other station men l.M
Other shopmen 2.24
Section foremen 2:00
Other trackmen (section hands) 1.5o
Switch tenders, crossing tenders, -watchmen
Telegraph operators anil dispatchers. . . 2.47
All other employes and laborers ....... 2.10
The President has promised to aid
the railroads to get more revenue to
"meet the expenses resulting from the
change" made by the Adamson act.
But what provision has been made,
and what is there to show that any
will be made, for the 80 per cent?
They are merely supposed to stand
in and see that the brotherhoods skim
the railroad wage cream, which is
just what they are doing, and will
continue to do. if they can.
GREAT BRITArN'S FRIEND.
Strange, but true, it is that our own
suave and highly adaptable George,
in his oratorical excursions over the
field of President Wilson's accom
plishments, has failed to cite the re
peal of free Panama Canal tolls.
We wonder if Senator Chamberlain
thinks the deed not worth mentioning?
But his constituents ought not to for
get it not they. Nor should they fail
to recall the fact that Senator Cham
berlain was at the time (1914) greatly
excited about the proposed repeal and
opposed it. He was not content with
silence or passive antagonismj but he
roundly denounced the Administration
programme. Repeal, said the Sen
ator in a letter of flaring indignation
to a constituent repeal is "un-American
doctrine." He went on, did Sen
But there Is the great question of yield
ing t. a demand which Great Britain now
makes because sho feels that the United
States is in a critical international sltua
tion. If we yield to her demands now on
the question of tolls, where are we to atop?
She may Just as well insist that we shall
not fortify the Canal: that our vessels of
war shall not pass through it. or If they do
they can only be accorded the same rights
that the vessels of Japan and Great Britain
enjoy, and In fact the United States would
practically yield its sovereignty over a great
enterprise that she has constructed at an
expense of $400,000,000. and Intends to main
tain at an outlay of practically $16,000,000
There are others who think that
President Wilson's great specialty in
international affairs is his subserv
ience to the demands of Great Britain.
Senator Chamberlain was among the
first to discover his weakness in the
presence of John Bull.
But the incensed Senator said more
more in the line of hot stuff, and
it seems to have great pertinence just
now. He declared:
The one unpopular feature of the
present Administration has been its
abandonment of the declaration of the
masses of the people in favor of a
Canal which is to be used for our
coastwise vessels as any other domes
tic waterway is used, granting to for
eign nations, which have contributed
not a dollar of brain or brawn to its
accomplishment, equal rights with the
United States to its use, although they
did not and do not intend to contribute
very much to its maintenance and
All these brave utterances of our
bold non-partisan Senator are of date
March, 1914, when he (Chamberlain)
was a candidate f,or re-election. One
hundred per cent non-partisanship and
oracular independence were at high
tide in the Chamberlain programme.
But now somebody else is a candi
date for re-election Woodrow Wil
son. Panama tolls are to be forgotten.
But can Oregon afford to forget the
well-nigh incalculable injury done its
interests by the extraordinary per
sonal Wilson project of free tolls re
peal for a reason never explained but
said by Senator Chamberlain to be
the demand of Great Britain?
A STATE OF WAR EXISTS.
The Democratic party says: "Wilson
kept us out of war." The Judge-Advo
cate-General of the United States Army
says: "A state of war exists so far
as concerns the operations of the
United States troops in Mexico." The
latter official. General Enoch H.
Crowder, is, by virtue of his position
as an Army officer, acting in the in
terest of no party; he is the legal
adviser of the Army and has merely
given his legal opinion as such. There
is no lawful way for the Administra
tion to go back on his opinion. In its
proceedings for the punishment of sol
diers who have been guilty of crime,
it must assume that a state of war ex
ists, though its members and its spell
binders vociferously deny that we are
The War Department found neces
sary a decision whether soldiers guilty
of crimes in Mexico should .be pun
ished under the military law of the
United States. The only alternative
was punishment under the law of Mex
ico. It therefore was driven to seek
an opinion from General Crowder.
Despite strenuous efforts, in accord
ance with the Wilson policy of "piti
less publicity," to keep the opinion
secret, it has become public. General
Under the law there need be no formal
declaration of war, but a state of war ex
ists, o far as concerns the operations of
the United states troops In Mexico.
The statutes, which are. operative only
during a period of war, have been Inter
preted as relating to a condition and not a
I am. therefore, of the opinion that while
war is not recognized as existing between
"the United States and Mexico, the actual
conditions under which the field opera
tions in Mexico are being conducted are
those of actual war; that within the field
operations of the expeditionary force in
Mexico It is "time of war" within the
meaning of the 5St h article of war, .since
it could not have been Intended that under
such conditions United States soldiers would
be turned over to the authorities of Mexiuo
As was said by a far greater Demo
crat than Wilson, "A condition, not
a theory, confronts us." This is a
condition in which the armed forces
of the United States are on Mexican
soil against the will of the recognized
government of Mexico. That is a state
of war. It matters not that President
Wilson has not proclaimed war on
Mexico, nor that General Carranza has
not proclaimed war .. on the United
States. It matters not that General
Pershing's army is practically interned
in Mexico, forbidden by Carranza to
move in anv direction fxcrnt that of
tilities is in the nature of a truce, and
does not alter the fact that a state of
O. HENRY'S PAST.
Deep sympathy will temper curiosity
in reading the revelation that O.
Henry, America's first short-story
writer, had a tragic secret in his life;
that he served a term in a Federal
prison on a charge of embezzling the
funds of a bank; that there was, in
deed, a long-hidden chapte'r of the
kind we refer to as a "past." It will
not detract from the merit of his work
nor take from the high esteem in
which he is held by those who read
his kindly nature in the lines of the
books he left, to know the story; nor
will there, we think, be much com
mendation for the merciless biograph
er whose passion for "facts" has led
him to tell the tale of those three
years and three m6nths behind bars
at Columbus, Ohio. It is true the
biography was "authorized"; that is
to say, members of the writer's family
consented provisionally to its publi
cation in belief that if the story must
be told it would be best told truth
fully by an understanding friend. Yet
the bearer of an ill tale finds few
friends. There will be general agree
ment that Professor Alphonso C.
Smith, who has written the story,
might better have omitted the sorrow
ful part. There was so much else
that might have been said. Publica
tion of the facts in question was at
least untimely; it came a good many
years too soon, if it had to come at all.
Not all readers of biography are
ghouls. The near-extinction of the
old-time, .sensatlon-mongering yellow
press incidentally attests that fact.
O. Henry was in everyday life Will
iam Sydney Porter, as most of his ad
mirers know. His biographer was a
boyhood friend, who writes not un
sympathetically and does not accept
the fact of O. Henry's conviction as
proof of guilt. In fact, he points out
that at the time the writer was em
ployed in the bank at Austin, Tex.,
the financial details of the institution
we.re at loose ends. Porter's prede
cessor was driven to retirement and
his successor attempted suicide. There
was the deplorable lack of system
once not altogether uncommon in com
munity banks. At any rate, some time
after Porter had left the bank's em
ploy, and when he was engaged, in
writing for a Houston paper, he was
summoned to Austin to answer to the
charge against him. He did actually
start for Austin. He made what his
friends believe was the mistake of his
life when unaccountably he changed
his mind, left the train at a junction
point and went to New Orleans in
stead. Then he took passage on a
fruit steamer for Honduras. It is
supposed that he was overpowered by
a sense of helplessness in the lack of
records to prove his innocence; it is
known that at his subsequent trial,
after he had surrendered himself, his
flight weighed heavily against him.
He himself maintained his innocence
always, and his friends believed him.
Yet the world is richer because the
wheel of fate turned precisely as it
did. It was in prison that ho met
the man who gave him the material
for his character of Jimmie Valentine.
It was in Central America that he met
Al Jennings, now prominent in public
life but then a fugitive from the law,
and it was on a voyage circling the
entire coast of South America that he
laid the foundation for his stories of
life in tropical, . revolution-torn re
publics. Some of his best tales be
long -to the prison period. Among
these were "An Afternoon Miracle,"
"Money Maze." "A Fog in Santone,"
"A Black Jack Bargainer," "The En
chanted Kiss," "Rouge et Noir," "The
Duplicity of Ilargraves," "No Story"
and "The Marionettes."
The pages of history abound in sto
ries of . literary men who were im
prisoned and who were inspired to
better efforts by their Imprisonment.
There was conspicuously among them,
for example, John Bunyan, some
twelve years of whose life were spent
behind bars, curiously enough, it will
now seem, on the charge, as it was
written in the indictment, that he
"hath devilishly and perniciously ab
stained from coming to church to hear
divine services and is a common up
holder of unlawful meetings and con
venticles." It was here that Bunyan
wrote the beginnings of "Pilgrim's
Progress." Richard Brinsley Sheridan,
who was a happy-go-lucky spend
thrift sort of man, was imprisoned for
debt. Ben Jonson served some time
in a dungeon on the false charge that
he had written certain verses in ap
proval of the assassination of the Duke
of Buckingham and at another time
was imprisoned and narrowly escaped
the gallows for killing an actor in a
duel. Smollett wrote his "Adventures
of Launcclot Greaves" in prison, and
Defoe his "Review." Thomas Cooper
wrote the "Purgatory of Suicides" and
"Wise Saws and Modern Instances"
in Stafford Gaol; Richard Lovelace
composed several poems of high merit
while in prison for presenting to the
Long Parliament a petition in behalf
of Charles II; Sir Walter Raleigh
wrote a "History of the World" (down
to B. C. 120) and other books in the
Tower of London: Voltaire composed
two cantos of "Henrtade" In the Bas
tile; and Roger Bacon, while impris
oned in France, produced, among oth
er works, "The Means of Avoiding the
Infirmities of Old Age."
Spain's greatest romancer. Cervan
tes, was inspired by the harrowing ex
perience he underwent as the slave of
the viceroy of Algiers, a considerable
part of the time behind stone walls, to
write "Don Quixote," which some of
his biographers believe would never
have been written else. Henry Field
ing was a prisoner for debt, as were
a good many others in his time. Sir
Thomas Gray (who antedates the dis
tinguished author of the "Elegy" by
some four centuries) wrote "Scalacro
nica" in a cell in Edinburgh Castle. An
intensely human document shedding
light on the life of Robert Burns is a
letter he wrote pleading for a loan
of ten pounds to satisfy the impor
tunities of a creditor who threatened
him with imprisonment. His death
soon afterward saved the great Scotch
bard from this humiliation Most of
William O'Brien's "When We Were
Boys" was written while he was in
Jail on the charge of inciting rebellion.
There are many other illustrious
names on the long list.
O. Henry's biographer seems to have
been moved primarily in making the
disclosure he has made by the desire
to leave- no Vgaps" in a work of his
tory. Those who have tried to study
the date books called histories that
are inflicted upon some students will
have met this type of man before. He
came upon a period that was unac
counted for. "History" demanded an
explanation and it has been given.
O. Henry's daughter, who deplores
sensational methods of advertising
which she charges have been adopted
by the publishers of the new biog
raphy, has revealed the fact that the
author had not permitted himself to
think of the subject, because of fear
that his sense of injustice would "em
bitter his whole viewpoint and rob
him of the sweetness, the kindliness,
the charity and understanding that
permeate everything he has written."
That he did successfully master every
lurking sense of bitterness is manifest;
and this is a tribute to O. Henry as
A large number of communications
on political issties reached The Ore
gonian Saturday. It is impossible for
The Ot-egonian to set them and give
them space and still do justice to the
news of the day. Letters for publica
tion received later than Friday can
not be published. And it may also be
said that the accumulation of this
kind of material is now more than
can be found room.for on Monday
The Oregonian regrets its limita
tions in this matter, as many of the
letters are interesting, pointed and
There has also been a large offer
ing of campaign poetry which must
necessarily be held out because of
other demands upon space.
Likewise, The Oregonian has re
ceived from many sources clippings
from other publications which have
seemed to the senders to be particu
larly pertinent to campaign issues.
The Oregonian appreciates the cour
teous interest of its readers in sub
mitting these several kinds of mate
rial and regrets that all of it cannot
Attention is directed to two pages
of communications printed in section 4.
DEATH OF A FOREMOST ARTIST.
The death In New York a few days
ago of William Merritt Chase was a
loss to American art, to which he had
sought in all the years since his return
from a period of study in Europe in
1878 to give special character and dis
tinction. He was, like other accom
plished artists, a. student of the great
masters; in common with his com
rades in art, he went to the centers of
the Old World to perfect his technique
and to derive inspiration; yet it is
said of him that, like Velasquez, he
early realized that the greatness of
the old masters lay in the fact that
each precisely fitted into his own time
and place. In his student days he
copied u.s diligently as any; but on his
return to his native land he set out
to make for himself such forms and
arrangements and methods as would
be in keeping with the spirit, not of
another day and age, but of America
in the nineteenth century
Mr. Chase was born fifteen years
later than Whistler and seven years
earlier than Sargent, two artists with
whom he is most frequently compared,
but, unlike them, he passed practically
all of his life as a creative artist in
the United States. His claim to Amer
icanism Is emphasized, it would seem,
by the fact of his birth in Indiana,
home of poets and authors. His father
was a merchant, a dealer in shoes. His
early work was done in St. Louis,
where he obtained the means neces
sary for furtherance of his artistic
education abroad.. He studied some
years in Munich Academy under Karl
von Piloty, in what one savage art
critic has called the "school of deep
shadows, bitumen and heavy brush
work," . yet in his own work he was
distinguished by an almost marvelous
lightness of touch. He devoted much
time to painstaking reproduction of
the works of artists of the older school.
whereby he attained to a high quality
of craftsmanship, without, it seems,
being over-Influenced by the traditions
of a dim and distant past. It was a
bit of his Americanism, perhaps, that
led him to say once that when he
went to Europe he set himself to
"learn my trade." He was not ashamed
of the phrase. He said that ho had
made up his mind that if he ever ac
complished anything it would not be
until after he had mastered the me
dium. And so. with the diligence of a
mechanic,' In fact, "learning a trade."
and with the enthusiasm of the in
spired artist that he was from the be
ginning, he first mastered, as he has
said, the difficult task of learning how
to begin a picture. For those who are
in haste to acquire, first of all, what is
called "finish," he did not have much
patience. At any rate. It was not his
way. It was necessaryTWirst, he has
been quoted as saying, that they should
ground their work in the "truth which
must inform and uphold the entire
The patter of critics does not do
justice to the master mind, or to the
initiative, of the American artist, who,
imbued with faith in the atmosphere
of his own country, sets himself about
the task of perfecting and upholding.
If not indeed creating, the standard
of a school. Mr. Chase chose Amer
icans and American scenes for his
subjects. Piloty's prophecy that the
next art school would arise in America
seems to have been his guiding star,
and the early warning of a friend,
"Don't try to make pictures look as
if they had been done by the old mas
ters." was never forgotten. Modern
conditions, it was is belief, require
modern art for expression. His "Ready
for a Ride," one of his earlier works,
was distinguished because it could not
have beeYi mistaken anywhere for any
thing else than American. Someone
has illustrated the thought that we
have acquired a distinctive National
personality, despite our composite an
cestry, by pointing out that in Picca
dilly, or on the Champs Elysees, for
example, one can "spot Americans as
If they wore flags." Even with the
blood of the countries or Gainsborough
and Rembrandt and Titian in his veins.
the American seems still to have
broken away and. said the artist. Just
as his looks are different, his art must
bo different. Many of the paintings
Mr. Chase has left are representative
of scenes in the parks of New York
and Brooklyn, along the waterfront.
and in the dells of the nearby country.
He did not find It necessary to go
abroad for "color" or "atmosphere";
he found it at home.
The fashion used to be the historical
and the allegorical In painttng, and It
was in that school that Mr. Chase
studied at first, yet his originality Is
shown by his - painting places and
things that he knew almost without
exception. Ho excelled in portraiture,
but high praise has been given his still
life, which he seems to have secretly
preferred. One of his noteworthy pro
ductions was a portrait of Whistler,
so well executed that a critic has said
of it: "We like it better than Boldini's
portrait, though it is not so brilliantly
diabolic; but it is truer. The cat-like,
treacherous James. James the super
cilious, the vain Jimmie, and Jim the
dandy, are indicated in unerring
strokes. The forefinger flexed at the
top of the cane, that deadly glare from
the eye behind the monocle, the coy,
cheeky advanced foot, the slender
waist and wasp-like expression did
Chase understand the character of his
dear friend, the sinister and magnifi
cent James McNeill Whistler?"
It probably is not saying too much
to assert that Chase was the foremost
American artist at the time of his
death. He himself had mentioned oth
ers as those to whom Americans must
look for the composite likeness of
American art Sargent. Wier and
Wiles, and Winslow Homer among
them. But all his fellow-artists have
united in honoring him, testifying to
the esteem in which he was univer
sally held. His work as a teacher and
as a lecturer especially was a note
worthy influence the importance of
which- it would be difficult to overestimate.
Another of our cherished ideas has
been shown to be false. The wild man
of Borneo is not a wild man at all.
according to the United States Consul
at Sandakan. He Is only primitive,
whfch is a far different thing. He is
a head hunter, but the Consul ex
plains that it is not the head he is
after, but only proof that he is not
a coward, which he can submit to his
sweetheart's father when he asks for
the loved one's hand. Otherwise he
is gentle as can be, as witness the
fact that the animals of the Jungle
almost eat out of his hand, knowing
that he will not disturb them and that
he has little or no inclination for the
savage pleasures of the chase. He Is
hospitable, too, and so long as his sup
ply of food lasts he is quite willing
to share It with another. His vindica
tion upon the charge of wildness rests
with especial force upon the fact that
he does not behead his victims for
the. lust of It. but only for the joy
of doing a thins: well.
Under Mr. Wilson's Administration
we are now engaged upon our second
war with Mexico. Both are shameful
wars. After winning victory in the
first at the cost of the lives of nine
teen gallant Americans, we ignomlni
ously retreated without having at
tained the pretended object for which
we went to war. In the second war
our troops have twice been attacked
at Parral and Carrizal and have
bravely defended themselves, but our
troops have been forbidden by the
President to pursue hostilities against
Carranza, whose troops attacked them.
They have been forbidden by Car
ranza to conduct- hostilities against
Villa and by order of the President
they have been compelled meekly to
obey. In this instance also we have
not attained the object for which we
went to war. The blood of our sol
diers has been shed fruitlessly.
If the prohibition a mend men trasses
It will be unlawful to import intoxi
cating liquors for "beverage pur
poses" but not unlawful to import it
for any other purpose. Some persons
apparently admire a red nose. What
is to prevent their importing liquor
for ornamental purposes?
It is a fact hard to account for that
despite the sensational epidemic of
infantile paralysis in New York this
year, there have been about 1000
fewer deaths of children than in the
corresponding nine months of 1915.
That German doctor who was mal
treated by bandits until they discov
ered his true nationality had his luck
with him. If he had happened to be
an American citizen, no doubt they
would have cut off his ears.
Anybody who made the trips by
stage from Winnemucca to The Dalles
will recall A. H. Boomer, who died
yesterday. Mr. Boomer was a stage
man who gave the traffic the best
With the Socialists claiming Okla
homa and Hanly predicting he will
get a million votes, maybe the big fel
lows would do well to pause before
giving out the final forecast of the
Those Villa . bandits seem deter
mined to show the Carranza peace
commissioners they were wrong when
they said that Mexico had been paci-
There is a phrase about "kidding
oneself along" that seems to be par
ticularly applicable to Manager Vance
McCormlck at this stage of the game.
In his campaign talks Senator Lane
is near predicting war with Japan. In
that event. Wilson, with Mexican ex
perience, is not the man.
Wireless telegraphy is speedy, but
an invention is said to increase the
rate 400 per cent, which ought to send
it ahead of the crackling.
The only alarm Republicans are
spreading Is in the Wilson ranks,
whose leaders see the finger of fato
pointing to defeat.
Belligerents desiring a supply of
war horses will please apply to the
United States any time after next
Democratic opposition to equal suf
frage Is bused on knowledge that
women know how to vote and vote
No longer is there need of worry
over the deficiency In rainfall. It will
be overcome, or the signs read wrong.
Mr. Hughes' idea that we need less
punctuation and more target practice
hits a bullseye by Itself.
It was kind of the forefathers to put
off Thanksgiving until after election
Souphouses and breadlines are
things not easily to be forgotten.
A union of scrub ladies will be able
to wring a hleher waEre rate.
The campaign closes with Repub
licans confident and Joyous.
Get a sample ballot and practice
It Is all over but a little late mud
Gleams Through the Mit
' By Deaa Colllaa.
We have followed the lamps of doubt
We have bandaged our eyes with
words that are vain.
We have shed our blood and denied th
We have suffered and strove to deny
We have followed a chief who has lost
Has broken our swords and stilled
Who stands by the flag as again It
For honor and right when the new
We have been patient too long, for
sooth! Our eyes are opened unto the truth;
We have seen our banner despised and
Our crest bowed down and our honor
And this is the cry
We lift on high.
As our weakling chiefs from our camps
"Give to us leaders wflom wo can
Did they think to deceive us forever
Who have known the truth from our
sires of" old?
The web of their wiles our strong
For the. blood of our fathers has not
The wastrel chiefs from our camps
The banner, the baton, the sword of
We wrench from the hands of doubtful
And give to the chiefs who will lead
We have known honor too well, indeed.
To cringe like) the tribes of lesser
We have seen our banners flung up too
To see. them shamed and to stand as
So this is the cry
We lift on high.
As our weakling chiefs from our camps
"Give to us leaders whom wo can
Our far. full trumpets are calling,
Through buzzing city and secret
The old call again the land is filling;
"Rally and rise, who still are men."
We shake off the spell that blinded and
And rise acain in our ancient miht
To cast down the chiefs that deceived
and shamed us
And call forth the chiefs who will
For we have seen truth with too open
To be snared for aye with a web of
We have seen promises kept too well
To see them broke as an empty shell;
So this is the cry
We lift on hijth.
As our weakling chiefs from our camps
"Give to us leaders whom we can
Out of our shameful duet and ashes
We rise once more and we stand as
Warm in our hearts the old pride
We never shall be misled again.
We have followed chieftains who lot
Who shattered our swords and stilled
But we Ptand by our flag as the new
For honor and right and a new
We have known words too well these
To be dazzled or dumbed by a well
We step no more from this path aside
America, honor and right and pride;
And this Is the cry
We lift on hiKh.
As our weakling chiefs from our camps
"Give to ua leaders whom we can
K AM KS IS NAMES.
As a popular steersman you know
We are finding our Wilson no go.
For the popular mind
Is beginning to find
That they ne'er could tell where he
However, they rise and enthuse.
And Joy their whole system Imbues
O'er the next candidate.
For in mct ev'ry state
They do like the straight line that he
"I care not for the stars that shine"
Wrote the song writer several years,
But for the stars, good sir. that song
Upon the boards would ne'er have
been a go.
"I care tint for the stars that shine."
Wrote the song writer, but a better
Remarked, discussing the theatric line:
"Indeed. I care not for the shines that
THK ORKGOXUVS ADVICE TO
Sincle Item Veto 300 Yes; 301
Vote 3O0 TKS.
Ship Tax Exemption 302 Yes:
Vote 303 YES.
Negro and Mulatto Suffrage 304
Yes; 30 i No.
Vote SO I TKS.
Full Rental Value Land Tax
tSinnle Tax) 306 Yes; 307 No.
Vote SOT M).
Pendleton Normal School 308
Yes: 309 No.
Vote SOS YKS.
310 Yes: 311 No..
Vote 311 o.
Bill Repealing Sunday-Closing
Law 312 Yew; 313 No.
Vote 312 YKS.
Fermitlinsr Manufacturer of Beer
314 Yes: 315 No.
Vote 313 NO.
Prohibition Amendment (Bone
rry) SIS Yes; 317 No.
Vote 31T "0.
Rural Credits Amendment f$18.
000.000 Bonds) 318 Yes; 319 No.
Vote 319 NO.
State-Wide Tax Limitation 310
Yes; 31 No.
Vote 3SO TKS.