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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 5, 1916)
T1TE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, rORTLAXD, XOVE3IBER 5, 191 C.
WILSON ENDS WITH
-CRY OF "COERCION"
WILSON CAY PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN AT SHADOW LAWN.
"Warm, light, porous, elastic, washable, inexpensive,
"every size and case. Each $1.00
If you can't come in, send your body measure, with
stamps and we'll mail it.
President Charges Political
Capital Is Made Out of
, , Unsettled Questions.
CONFIDENCE IS ASSERTED
In Concluding Speecb of Campaign
at Shadow l.awn Charge la Made
That the Republicans Try
to Dictate to Voters.
tOG BRANCH. ST. J., Nov. 4. Presi
dent Wilson closed his campaign for
re-election today at Shadow Lawn with
a speech in -which he accused the oppo
sition of attempting to coerce working
men and charged that political -capital
is being made out of unsettled ques
tions, which if not settled wisely
might bring this country at any time
into the world conflict."
Predicting Democratic victory next
Tuesday, the President declared:
"Having despaired of an issue they
are filling the country with alarm. They
are not only filling the country with
alarms, but they are attempting coer
cion of their laborers. They imagine
that these men are not their own mas
ters and dare not vote as they think,
but at last. I thank God, the American
laborer is awake.
Pulse Rising, Says Wilson.
"Let them fill the country -with
alarms; the alarms are their own, not
ours. They used to control the credit
of the country, now they control noth
ing but the betting.
"So, my fellow citizens," he contin
ued, "I feel rising In my pulses already
the inspiration and Impulse which Is to
come, not only to the United States, but
to the whole world next Tuesday. I do
not identify myself with this. To me
has fallen the unspeakable good for
tune of happening to be the spokesman
of the American people at this critical
and fateful time."
Mr. Wilson asserted that the Repub
lican party had fallen back on the pro
tective tariff as its only issue.
"They know perfectly well," he said,
"that all the pretenses about the pro
tective tariff have been torn away,"
adding that the industries with the
highest protection have paid the lowest
Local Situation Discussed.
"The difference between the Republi
can party and the Democratic party is
this." he continued. "The Republican
party offers them masters; we offer
them comrades and leaders. The Re
publican party offers to take care of
them; we offer to go into the fight
ehoulder to shoulder with them to get
the rights which no man has a right
to give them."
The New Jersey political, situation
was handled directly by the President.
.He said that any man voting for the
Republican ticket in that .state is vot
ing for Invisible government:- A
The President's address was deliv
ered before a large gathering, which
came from Jersey City. Newark,- Tren
ton and other towns and cities in the
state, including a delegation of Prince
ton professors and students. Governor
Fielder of New Jersey presided.
In the course of his address President
"Invisible government never existed
in more hateful form than it has ex
isted in past years in thisi state of New
Jersey, and that . Invisible government
never had more successful places of
concealment than It had in such locali
ties as Atlantic City, from where the
candidate for Governor on the Repub
lican side has been chosen, and It never
received more successful and persistent
defense than it has received from the
newspapers which he owns and con
trols. New Jersey Issues Discussed.
"When I see this unblushing, this im
pudent attempt to reinstate these
forces without any concealment of any
kind, do you wonder that I would like
to get out again and denounce the
whole crowd as I know them? Be
cause their purpose is to do exactly
with the government of New Jersey
what they used to do in the old days
of the highest tide of their power,
when in private conclave they used to
do the things that no man would care
to do in public, and when this state
was governed not by its Legislature,
not by its accredited servants, but by
men who contrive things for their own
interest without taking the public into
their confidence at all back-stairs gov
ernment. I cannot speak with too much
emphasis on this subject because I
know what I am talking about.
"It is delightful to fight the things
that are wrong. It is delightful to hit
something that is worth destroying.
The only thing that is disappointing in
contests of this sort is that these fel
lows dodge and will not get hit. They
sneak and will not reveal their pur
pose. They have no sand or stomach
for the fight in the open and they erect
things that look like bulwarks, but are
Tariff Issue Belittled.
"But after all, my fellow-citizens, the
thing that is being attempted in New
Jersey is only part of what is being
attempted in the United States and be
ing attempted in the United States with
more and more transparency of pur
pose. Look how the campaign has
gone! First of all, an attempt to set
up some kind of handsome issue. Not
a very interesting attempt, because the
issue was a new one every week. As
soon as you app'roached what was said
to be the issue. It seemerf t fnrt H
disappear and there was nothing for
yu iU gmsp grappie. And after
finding that the search for an issue
was in vain, they came down nnr. mnrs
to the only thing they have in recent
ears ever Known how to talk .bout
and that was the protective tariff.
"They know perfectlv well tht 11
the pretenses about the protective
tariff have been torn away, not by
the oratory of Democratic speakers,
hut by the patent demonstrations - of
"Coercion" Is Charged.
"And now what do we witness? Hav
ing despaired of an issue, they are
filling the country with alarms. They
are not only filling the country with
alarms, but they are attempting coer
cion of their -laborers. They imagine
that these men are not their own mas
ters and dare not vote bs- they think,
but at last. I thank God. the American
laborer is awake. He at last judges Ms
friends by what they do and not by
wnat they say. He knows that he has
found friends because he has found
men who will do the things that he has
demanded should be done in Justice and
equity to him.
"It is a crisis because some of the
fundamental things of the life of the
world have to be determined. That is
one reason why we have been saying
so much about the apparent desire of
some people to have our public policy
determined by European reasons and
not by American reasons. We have
seen that unless we could unite and
direct and purify the forces of this
country we could not do what it was
necessary to do for the world through
the instrumentality of America.';
. Y --
' 11 i ri i..
PRESIDENT ADDRESSING CROWD, c Photo Copyright. Underwood
Handshaking is a strenuous side issue to every political campaign, and no one can testify to this better than
President Wilson, who is now carrying one of his fingers in a leather protector.
Despite this slight Injury, President Wilson delivered a scathing attack on the Hughes campaign doctrines when
this picture was taken at Shadow Lawn October 28, "Wilson day."
The usual hearty handshakes that ordinarily accompany the President's speeches had to be foregone due to
the injured finger.
HUGHES LAWS' CITED
Statutes to Improve Condi
tions of Workers Reviewed.
ALL PROVE OF BENEFIT
Salem Branch of College League
Finds Former New Yorkers Are
for Hughes Becaruse of BTIs
Record as Governor.
SALEM. Or., Nov. 4. (Special.) The
Salem branch of the Hughes National
College League, with a membership of
75, -which has waged an active cam
paign in this section In support of the
Republican nominee for President, has
summarized the record of Mr. Hughes
while he was Governor of New York.
In citing the measures which Mr.
Hughes succeeded in having enacted
while Governor, it Is pointea out now
all proved of inestimable benefit to the
people of that state.
A. A. Hall, secretary of the Salem
branch of the Hughes National College
League, and a native of New York,
said today that he had interviewed
manv former residents of the Empire
state now living in this county, and.
tihat being familiar with Mr. Hughes
record, they were almost unanimous in
favor of his election.
Former JVctt Yorkers for Hughes.
"In the light of their previous ex
periences with Mr. Hughes and the
knowledge of his past creditable rec
ord." said Mr. Hall, "It is not to be
wondered that we from New York are
very desirous to see him President.
Mr. Hughes has proved himself worthy
of confidence and has shown that he
can and does make good his promises.
"While Mr. Hughes was Governor he
signed 56 labor laws, including amongj
them the best labor laws ever enacted
in. any state. He also urged the enact
ment of labor laws in his messages to
the Legislature; even going so far as
to place the demands for a labor law
In one of his messages to an extra
session of the New York Legislature.
In the 133 years of the history of New
York state up to Mr. Hughes' retire
ment as Governor, 162 labor laws were
enacted, one-third of which were en
acted and signed while Mr. Hughes was
many- Good Laws Gained.
A summary of a portion of the good
laws for which Mr. Hughes was respon
Bible while Governor of New York, as
prepared by the Salem branch of the
Hughes National College League fol
One Against bif odds and after a
direct appeal to the people of the state,
he succeeded in abolishing racetrack
Two Hhe brought about the en
actment of a workmen's compensation
law, one of the first in the country.
Three He inaugurated a greatly Im
proved system of factory inspection!
Four He secured a measure defi
nitly limiting the hours of labor of
women ana children.
Five He extended . the 10-hour law
for railway employes in cities of 50,000
Six He had transferred from local
boards of health to the labor depart
ment enforcement of laws and regula
tions governing employment of women
and children in mercantile establish
ments In first-class cities.
Child Labor Restricted.
eseven -tie caused to De enacted a
law urged by railway brotherhoods-
providing for payment of wages twice
a month instead of once.
Eight He approved a law facili
tating the enforcement of sanitary pro
visions in lactones.
Nine He fostered a bill designating
ST L k 1 tin" - - 1
- ' - - I J
' ftTj "rr1 ' rWrJiwnlw.4t,w nwyMWMf
the number of occupations in which
children under 16 may not.be employed.
Ten He approved an amendment de
fining the scope of the eight-hour law
and the law concerning the employ
ment of children in mercantile estab
lishments. Eleven He secured the passage of an
act reorganizing the department of la
bor and simplifying its administration.
Trade Schools Established.
Twelve He put through a law pro
viding, for the establishment of indus
trial and trade schools and giving em-
ployers and employes a voice in the
management of such schools.
Thirteen He brought about the in
vestigation of the unemployment prob
lem by a commission appointed to con
sider the subject of employers' liability.
Fourteen He fought for and secured
the enactment of laws placing private
banks under state control, and provid
ing for the more effective regulation
and inspection of all banks and financial
institutions. This was a greatly needed
reform. It was designated to curb un
wholesome speculation with the funds
of depositors, and met -with the almost
solid opposition of all the great finan
cial interests of New York.
ALBANY HEARS HAWLEY
BIG CROWD CHEERS REPUBLICAN
"If Present Prosperity Is Staple, Why
Don't People Bay Land and Raise
WhMtr" Representative Asks.
ALBANY, Or., Nov. 4. (Special.)
Greeted by frequent and hearty ap
plause, Willis C. Hawley, Representa
tive in Congress from the First Dis
trict, spoke here tonight in the clos
ing Republican rally of the campaign
in this city. Several hundred people
filled the Albany Opera-House for the
meeting, many standing throughout
the speaking, and, with the exception
of the Mrs. Hanley meeting. It was by
far the largest political rally of the
E. D. Cusick, State Senator from
Linn and Lane' Counties, presided, and
a neat chalk talk by George H. Crow
ell, of Albany, and musical numbers
preceded Mr. Hawley's splendid ad
dress. Representative Hawley devoted most
of his address to a discussion of Na
tional legislation, citing facts from
first-hand observation. He tola how
the Democratic press of Oregon has
misquoted Mr. Hughes in an alleged
statement that he would repeal every
thing passed during the Wilson Ad
ministration. -He showed, however,
that many measures should be re
pealed, and that the beneficial laws of
the present Administration were In
augurated by Republicans or passed
by Republican votes. He discussed at
length the tariff, and what would hap
pen when the war ends.
"They say we have prosperity," said
Mr.THawley. "It Is true wheat is high,
but land can be purchased for 25 per
cent ' less today than four years ago.
If this prosperity Is sound and stable,
why don't people borrow money from
the banks, which they say are burst
ing with money, buy this cheap land
and raise $1.50 wheat. You don't hear
of any sales, for if the war ends the
bubble would burst. Wheat dropped
6 cents in as many minutes when a
peace rumor struck the Chicago Ex
change the other day."
Cliamoer to Receive Returns.
Election returns will te flashed in
the dining-room of the Chamber of
Commerce Tuesday night. A special
wire has been run into the dining-room
and on account of the difference in
time between the East and West in
the iatter's favor, returns from the
Eastern states, especially where they
have voting machines, will start at
5:30 or 6 o'clock. More than 150 dinner
reservations have been made, but the
membership has been Invited to con
gregate at the dining-room, whethet
for dinner or not. The returns will be
Interpolated with the Oregon and
Northwest returns as fast as they &r
- St A
.... -S ' I
PAST IS RECALLED
Detroit Remembers First Un
derwood Tariff Days.
CRISIS DELAYED BY WAR
Men Ask "Will ye Have Job Wlieu
Var Is Over?" Situation as
Bad or AVorse at Flint and on
Peninsula Iron IXange.
DETROIT. Nov. 4. (Special.) In the
closing week of the campaign the echo
of the hunger cry of the nine months
of the Underwood tariff before the
flood of war orders came to the rescue
of the country Is having a telling ef
fect on Detroit worklngmen, who are
asking: "Will we have jobs when the
war Is over?'
That was a period, of fighting to
reach the employment agent's door, of
evading the clubs of the police and
the water from the hose of the city
firemen quelling bread riots. It was
a period of public souphouses, public
buildings thrown open to shelterless
men, women and cnildren, and of more
appeals to public charity than ever be
fore had been known in the city.
People in Riots for Jobs.
Rioting for jobs at the Ford auto
mobile factory started January 12, 1911.
City and county police were called in
to protect the plant against men who
wanted work at any wages. Windows
were smashed and men crawled
through the broken sash to reach the
employment agent. With the tempera
ture at zero men stood in the streams
played upon them from fire hose rather
than surrender their places. At one big
automobile plant there were 5000 ap
plications a day for positions. At an
other plant the applicants numbered
2000 a day.
Souphouses were opened. Publlo
meal tickets were issued. Cots were
Installed in rooms and corridors and
shelterless were permitted to sleep
without cost. They even slept In re
lays. In Flint, second only to Detroit In
the automobile business, 12.000 men
were idle when war prosperity struck.
That was more than 25 per cent of the
population. In Grand Rapids, greatest
furniture manufacturing center In the
world, every furniture factory had cut
down its working force and nearly
everyone had cut wages.
Iron Range Suffers Severely.
On the Iron range of the Upper
Peninsula the effect of the Underwood
tariff was even more severe. After &
cut of 10 per cent in wages the men
were worked in shifts. Then the single
men were laid off. Next the heads of
small families went. Lastly, the heads
of larger families were discharged. The
mining companies suspended the col
lecting of rents and permitted the men
to live in the company houses free all
Winter. Ishpheming and Negaunce, al
ways so prosperous that no charitable
organizations had ever been maintained
in those cities, found it necessary to
do systematic charity work to prevent
Ishpheming has 12.500 inhabitants. At
one time during the Winter only 50
men were at work In the entire town.
In the copper country wages and
forces were cut from 10 to 20 per cent
and the output of copffer was reduced
one-fourth between the time the de
pression began and the outbreak of the
The first presidency of the Church of
Latter-Day Saints has just decided a
weighty problem. Mllchixedek It must
be spelled here after, good Mormons
scorning Melchlsedek, MelchUedeck and
4 pi. -a
Swing to Hughes Reported by
Frank H. Hitchcock.
OHIO REGARDED PROBABLE
Northern Border State Voters Aware
of Danger of Canadian Goods
Flooding Country Cnder Kree
Trade Following War.
CHICAGO. Nov. 4. (Social.) There
Is every Indication that Frank H.
Hitchcock speaks advisedly when he
places in the Hughes column the states
of Illinois. Michigan, Wisconsin. Minne
sota and Indiana. And. late develop
ments indicate that he is Justified In
his prediction that Mr. Hughes prob
ably will carry Ohio. But that old Re
publican stronghold, even today, must
be listed as doubtful, because of the
exceptionally efficient drive made by
the Democrats there before the Repub
licans woke up.
There was a. time when Illinois prop
erly was listed as aoubtful, but when
it was doubtful, and when the Demo
crats were most hopeful, they inad
vertently exposed the weakness which
they had discovered in the Republican
armor the woman vote and from that
day to this the Republicans have been
working among the women voters of
the state with most encouraging results.
What would have happened had the
democrats been content to make prog
ress without boasting is Quite another
BO.OOO Majority la Forecast.
Today Illinois is set down as sure
of a 50,000 majority for Hughes, and
local campaign managers, or some of
them, put the figure above 100.000.
In no state have the Republicans
built up and maintained a more effi
cient organization than they have In
jpl wolf once donned
a lambskin and called on a floock of sheep. He
looked "all wool" to them, but !
E5 Just so with much clothing one sees it looks all
And so, when we recommend to you a Benjamin
Suit or Overcoat at $25, $30 or even $40, you are
Ei getting real value and consequently strictly all-wool
We specialize on the famous Alfred Benjamin
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If you want the best in Portland, it's here.
H Drop in and see our new Suits and Overcoats.
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H Our entire second floor is devoted to Men's
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Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers
EE 127 Sixth Street
30 Easy Steps From Washington St.
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Catalogue and measurement blanks.
AUUUJ STREET AT WEST FBK ---MAESHAU.
Indiana. That organization is a won
der. It was gotten together early, the
slate leaders having realized the im
portance of carrying the state, not
alone for the Presidential vote, which
is large and important, but because of
the two Senatorships. As if to help
the Republicans carry Indiana, the
Democrats developed a fine young fac
tional Quarrel, which Is still raging, and
which is going to cut down the vote
of both Democratic candidates for the
Senate and the vote for Wilson as well.
Early in the campaign Indiana Demo
crats realized that Senator Kern could
not be re-elected, and Senator Tom Tag
gart was one of those who saw this.
He therefore cut loose from Kern and
made his own campaign.
Kern Klghtlng Taggart.
By way of retaliation, the Kern
Democrats have been fighting Taggart,
and the fight is going merrily on to
this day. Because of it. the Repub
licans are strongly hopeful of electing
both their nominees for the Senate.
It is notable that Democratic news
paper men who have gone over Indiana
during the past 10 days have come to
Chicago conceding the state to Hughes.
Hughes probably will carry Michigan
The change of sentiment In Wiscon
sin and Minnesota during the pat two
weeks has been striking, and Is due
solely to the appeal of Republican cam
paigners to the reason and intelligence
of the voters, in contrast to the Demo
cratic appeal to their passion and their
prejudice. In those two stales the
Adamson law is proving a Democratic
handicap. In those states fronting on
the Canadian border there has been an
awakening to the damage that Cana
dian competition will do under a Demo
cratic tariff when the war ends.
BANK ROBBER, 16, CAUGHT
Henry Zibley, Escaped From North
Dakota, Taken at Wenatchee.
WEXATCHEE. Wash.. Nov. 4. Spe
cial.) Confined In the County Jail is
a youth, Henry Zlbley, aged 16. who,
in company with two other boys, at
tempted to hold up a bank In Kargo,
X. D. He was arrested and sentenced
to the reformatory at Mandan and es
caped two months ago.
Zibley was picked up here two days
ago by Sheriff Kenyon and held on
suspicion of stealing a suitcase. Upon
examination his story was unsatisfac
tory. and he finally admitted that he
had been arrested for holding up a,
bank and his partners sentenced but
he was acquitted.
herifT Kenyon telegraphed the re
formatory and received an answer thla
morninn- to hold til" hov.
Hurry. Mother! Remove Poisons
from Little Stomach, Liver.
Give "California Syrup of Figs"
if Cross. Bilious or
No matter what ails your child. a
gentle, thorough laxative should al
ways be the first treatment given.
If your little one Is out-of-sorts. half
sick. isn't resting, eating and acting
naturally look. Motherl see if tongue
is coated. Thla Is a sure sign that it'a
little stomach, liver and bowels are
clogged with waste. When cross. Irri
table, feverish, stomach sour, breath
bad or has itomach .cho. diarrhoea,
sore throat, full of cold, give a tea
kpoonfu' of "California Syrup of Figs.'
and in a few hours all the constipated
poison, undigested lood and sour bile
gently moves out of its little bowels
without griplnK. and you have a. well,
playful child again.
Mothers can rest easy after giving
this harmless "fruit laxative." because
it never falls to clean-e the little one s
l.ver and bowels and sweeten tr.e tiuui
Ich. and they dearly lo - its pleasant
'-aste. Full directions for bubie-. chil
dren of all ages and for grown-upa
rinted on each bottle.
that tt Is made by the "California Fig
Srup Company." Adv.
BIG EATERS GET
Take a Tablcspoonful of Salts to
1 -luj.il Kidnrjs if Hack
Omit AH Meat From Kict if You Feel
lllicumatic or Bladder
The American mm and women must
guard constantly against kidney
trouble, because we eat t--o much and
all our food Is rich. Our blood is filled
with uric acid which the kidneys strive
to filter out. they weaken from over
work, become i-'.ugfrish: ti: eliminative
tissues clog and the result is kidney
trouble, bladder weakness and a gen
eral decline in health.
When your kidneys fel like lumps
of lead: your back lrt or the urine
Is cloudy, full of sediment or you ere
obliged to seek relief two or three
times during the night; if you suffer
with sick headache or dizzy, nervous
spells, acid stomach, or you have rheu
matism when the weather Is bad. get
from your pharmacist about four
ounces of Jad Salts; take a tabiespoon
ful in a class of water before break
fast for a few days and your kidneys
will then act fine. This famous salt
is made from the acid of grapes and
lemon Juice, combined with lithia, and
has been used for generations to flusii
and stimulate clogged kidneys; to neu
tralize the acids in the urine so It no
longer is a source of Irritation, thus
ending bladder disorders.
Jad Salts is inexpensive: cannot in
jure. maVjs a delightful effervescent
lithia-watef. beverage, and belongs In
every home, because nobody can make
a mistake by havinc a good kidney
flushing any time. Adv.
HEAD STUFFED FROM
CATARRH OR A COLD
Saj-s Cream Applied in Nostrils
Opens Air Passages Right Up. 4.
i n I I t t
Instant relief no waiting. lour
classed nostrils open right up; the air
paiai;es of jo'r had clear and you
can breathe treely. ?vo more hawking.
snufflinsr. olowing. headache, dryness. No
struggling for breath at night; your
cold or catarrh disappears.
Oct a small bottle of Ely s Cream
Balm from your druggist now. Apply
a little of this fragrant, antiseptic,
healing cream in your nostrils. It pen-
erates through every air passage of the
head, soothes the inflamed or swollen
mucous membrane and relief comes In
lfs just fine. Don't stay stuffed-up
with a cold or nasty catarrh. Adv.