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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 5, 1916)
THE SUXDAT OTtEGOXTAX, PORTLAXD, NOVEMBER o, 19 1G.
F. M. Redfield, of Albany, Revisits Scene Where' Remarkable Journey
Was Terminated Half Century Ago.
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ALBANY. Or., Oct. 21. (Special.)
After a lapse of 50 years, Frank
M. Redfield. prominent pioneer
citizen of Albany, recently revisited
the scene where, a famished 'wanderer,
lis killed a steer and thus terminated
one of the most remarkable Journeys
ever made by men. This shot from a
rifle to which he had doggedly clung
when he could hardiy walk and fired
at a time when he was too weak from
starvation to load the . weapon, fur
nished food for four men who had had
nothing to eat for 12 days but one bird
and two squirrels. It resulted In their
rescue when their bodies were liter
ally worn to almost skin and bones.
The scene of this event wa at a
point on the Mackenzie River, a short
distance above Blue River In Lane
Barely escaping with their lives
from an attack by Indians. Mr; Red
field and three other prospectors had
wandered across the then "desert" of
Kastern Oregon and over the summit
of the Cascade Mountains and for 12
days had had practically no food.
Much of the time they had been with
Stray Doe Saves Lives.
The fact that a stray dog had Joined
them when they started on the Journey
was the direct means of saving their
The wonderful story of these rrfen's
experience is a tale of the stirring
pioneer mining days oj Nevada and
extensive prospecting In various parts
of Eastern Oregon. It recalls the days
when the prospector had to guard
against attacks of hostile Indians, as
well as face the privations of pioneer
It Is a tale of endurance In the face
of difficulty almost unbelievable and
to those who enjoy the comforts of life
in all parts of the State of Oregon now.
It reads like romance. Here Is the
In the month of May, 1864, four
young men met In a mining camp in
the Reese River country In Nevada,
about 20 miles from the once noted
city of Austin. These men were Frank
M. Redfield. James Daugherty, David
Andrews and Robert C. Clark.
They were prospectors and each had
quartz claims which they considered
rich In gold and silver-bearing quartz.
But at 'this time they were out of
money and their supposed wealth of
cold and silver was locked In the em
brace of solid ledges of rock and was
rot available for their present needs.
The four decided they would abandon
their claims and seek a place where
they could engage in placer mining and
thus obtain gold -without the necessity
of reducing it from ore.
They had heard wonderful stories of
the richness of the placer mines on
Jordan Creek, in Idaho Territory near
the Oregon line, some 200 miles to the
north of where they were.
The four men concluded to collect
what means each was possessed of
and turn their property Into provisions,
a team to haul them and a camping
outfit and go at once to the Jordan
mines. They obtained a pair of steers
three years old which they named Tom
iid Jerry, a light wagon which they
loaded with a good supply of pro
visions, picks and shovels and a gen
eral camping outfit. For their defense
tney nad two. Kentucky rines. one
Yager rifle and a single-barreled old
Dos I Named "Jordan."
With this equipment the men left
Austin, Nevada, on the morning of.
June 4, 1S64. As they were leaving
town Mr. Redfield noticed a hungry
looking dog. who, when spoken to. In
sisted upon Joining the party. He clung
to the men with an appealing look and
they finally decided to let him come
along. This circumstance ultimately
was the means of saving the lives of
the four men. In honor of their pro
posed destination, the men named this
The first point of habitation after
leaving Austin was the Jown of Union
ville in the Humboldt range of moun
tains where they learned of the murder
"f six men by Indians In the Quinn
River Mountains. The inhabitants of
. Vnionville advised the men to proceed
with great caution, as they Informed
them that both the Snake and Piute
tribes of Indians were at war with the
whites and would kill all white men
they met. ,
From a party of travelers the four
prospectors learned that the mines on
Jordan Creek were played out and that
the miners were leaving dally.
Prospectors Learn of Oregon.
This new was very disappointing to
the men who were risking everything
they had to reach this camp, but as
they had nothing to go back for they
determined to proceed northward ana
neejc some other location in which to
scurch for gold.
On the second day following they
came to a camp of a company of
soldiers in command of General Alvord.
The soldiers informed the prospectors
that they were going to establish a
supply oost 40 miles distant to the
west at the base of the Stein Moun
tains in Eastern Oregon. The soldiers
also said that they heard from a party
of prospectors who had been run out
by the Indians that gold abounded In
the gulches and ravines of the Stein
Here was an opportunity under cover
and protection of the United States
troops to prospect and probably mine
for the much desired gold In virgin
fields, and the men promptly decided to
take advantage of the opportunity.
They reached the bas,of the mountains
and made camp In a beautiful valley
filled with numerous lakes.
While It was a splendid place to
camp, they found It a poor place to
prospect. Two or three of the party
toiled daily in the gulches and along
the water courses, but did not get a
single color. The men decided that
they would try to reach Canyon City,
tnen a mining town.
Hostile Ini'Iuns Found.
On the mornin; f July 5 they start
ed northward, li ling with the ut
most caution. The. avoided all places
where they might be waylaid and
camped on open grouavJ. About the
middle of the afternoon of July 13 they
came out on an elevated point where
they had -a view of the country for
many miles to the south and west and
below them, in the valley, winding its
way through the sagebrush, they saw
that for which they had been seeking,
the wagon road from Yreka, Cal., to
They descended the hill, following
an Indian trail, and went down into a
narrow little valley. .Here they de
cided to camp for the night. About the
time they had finished supper they
heard the sound of running horses and
then saw a band of painted Indians,
mounted on their ponies and fully
armed, surround their cattle and, with
a whoop and yell, dash past the thicket
and out of sight before the men could
get hold of their guns.
They gave chase, but in order to
avoid the Indians who might lie lu
ambush, they went up the hill and
from there saw the Indians some dis
tance below, taking the cattle up a
gulch to the left of the valley. At the
same time they observed Indians on
the opposite hill and saw that if they
undertook to follow the cattle further
they would court certain death. Thev
also saw that to attempt to stay by
tnelr provisions would be foolhardy, as
their camp was surrounded on three
sides with thick brush, which would
permit the Indians to advance upon
By this time It was twilie-ht. so they
decided to return to their wagon, se
cure tnelr blankets and ammunition
and escape In the darkness. They es
timated that they must be within at
least 20 miles of Capfain Drake's post
on Crooked River and they planned to
reach there, secure assistance and fol
low up the band of Indians in the hope
of recovering their cattle.
Escape Is Narrow.
Accordingly they returned to the
wagon, but while they were selecting
tneir pacKs they were fired upon from
the brush. The Indians were secreted,
so they had no chance to return the
fire, so hastened their departure, not
knowing what Instant one or all might
be shot to death or, worse still, be
wounded and unable to travel and fall
Into the hands of the Indians, which,
in that particular war, meant a death
of torture. They walked rapidly all
night, hoping at daylight to find th6
soldiers' quarters and in that way
have revenge upon the Indians. But
when morning came there was no sign
of any habitation. They passed an
hour discussing the course which they
had better take.
Start Blade for Cascades.
They could see the Cascade Moun
tains plainly and three white, snow
capped peaks, which they later learned
were the Three Sisters, stood out in
bold relief. In that clear, dry at
mosphere the mountains looked only a
short distance away and, unaccustomed
as they were to the situation, they es
timated they could not be over 25 miles
distant. As a matter of fact they
were close to 100 miles away. They
knew that the California and Oregon
stage road passed between the Cas
cade and Coast Range and they con
cluded that settlers could be found on
the. western slope of the Cascade
Mountains, which, as they thought.
could be reached in two or three days
It was the night of July 14 that they
started westward for the Cascade
Mountains. The cool night was a re
lief after the heat of the day, yet they
suffered greatly from thirst. They
walked steadily during the night, keep
ing their course by the aid of the stars.
They passed over hard, haked patches
of alkali flats and through the scrubby
sageDrusn ana greasewood. Daugherty,
who was a hearty and energetic moun
taineer, took the lead on this night as
well as on the subsequent days of the
pilgrimage, and the others followed be
About 4 o'clock In the afternoon they
reacnea some tan pine trees and. ut
terly exhausted and craving food and
water, the four men dropped in the
Dob's Blood Is Drunk.
Removing the ropes with which his
blankets were tied, Mr. Redfield quiet
ly tied the legs and mouth of his worn
out dog, whose feet had become sore
and blistered, and, with a small knife,
opened a vein on one side of bis neck
As the blood flowed out every drop of
It was caught In a little tin cup, the
Aog meanwhile looking peacefully up
in his master's face, not moving a mus
cle. The cup was soon full and an
other placed in Its stead, while-Mr.
Redfield placed to his lips the crimson
draught and drank every drop the cup
contained before the others, who were
all so eager for their share, had time
to check him.
The second cup was soon filled, when
Daugherty picked it up and did pre
cisely as Mr. Redfield had done before.
He drank it all. The dog was turned
over, the vein on the other side of hiss
neck was "opened and a cup of blood
was yielded for each of the other two.
The dog was now dead, the skin was
stripped off his legs and portions of
the flesh were removed, but the meat
proved to be very dry, tough and
After this little refreshment a feel
ing of drowsiness came upon the men,
for they had passed two nights with
out sleep. But realizing that water
must be reached, they arose and
tramped on. Clark left his blankets
and pistol where they had rested.
Beautiful Lake Found.
They walked steadily until sometime
in the afternoon, when Daugherty.
who was ahead, turned and looked
back, and the others saw a decided
change of expression in his coun
tenance. He then disappeared down
an Incline and when the others reached
the place where he had stood they saw
almost at their feet a beautiful oval
lake about a quarter of a mile in diam
eter. Alternately drinking and sleeping,
there they passed the evening and
night of July 17. This lake they later
learned was East Lake, about 14 miles
from where the town of La. Pine Is now
Having suffered so much from thirst,
they hesitated about leaving the lake
until they found traces of water else
where. In about an hour they heard the
sound of running water and found a
clear stream, which evidently was from
an underground outlet of the lake.
They followed this all day to its
mouth, where it emptied Into a large
stream flowing through a meadow,
quite swampy, covered with a tall
growth of grass and covered with tim
ber. This, they learned afterward,
was Crane Prairie, about 40 miles
south of the present City of Bend.
There they passed the night.
Raw Grouse Is Devoured.
The next morning when they started
forward again they saw some grouse
and Andrews brought .down one with
his rifle. Having matches, they start
ed a fire, but in their intense desire for
food they ate most of the bird raw,
without taking time to cook it. Even
the bones were burned and eaten. With
the exception of the nourishment de
rived from the blood of the dog this
was the only thing they had to eat
since the evening of July 13. This
was the morning of July 19.
Deschutes Is Discovered.
In a short time after this meal they
came to the banks of a rapid, deep
stream. This Mr. Redfield now knows
to have been the Deschutes River.
The men resumed their. Jonrney and
on the 20th day of July they reached
the summit of the mountains some 25
miles south of the Three Sisters.
Western Slope Reached.
Now on the western slope of the
mountains, the men followed down the
first water course to which they came.
This led them down through canyons
and gulches, tangled with thick under
brush and fallen timber and over pre
cipitous rocks. By this time the men
were all weak from lack of food and,
while they had survived the privations
of the desert and now had water to re
lieve their thirst, the lack of food had
begun to tell seriously and they trav
eled with great difficulty.
They had seen deer at different
times, but in their anxiety to kill or
owing to their weakness, or both, they
were unable to hit them.
When they rose the next morning
Daugherty left his gun and blankets.
declaring he could carry them no fur
ther. Clark previously had thrown
away his pistol and Andrews had dis
carded his gun. Mr. Redfield realized
that If they got any food they must
Keep one weapon and. though he was
the smallest one of the four, he deter
mined to continue to carry his gun.
weaK as he was.
On July 25 they were still Dloddine
along, almost exhausted and thorouRh
ly oiscouraged, when they saw a steer
about two years old. browsing near the
stream. Being in the forks of tw
rivers, the steer was cornered and Mr.
Redneld. after a cautious approach,
saw the head of the animal through
the drift and shot. He killed the ani
mal and it fell near the water.
Sight of White Man Delisfats.
The almost starved men bled the'
steer, cut across its breast and removed
the heart and liver, which they de
voured eagerly. This formed a feast
for them and in their weakened condi
tion was the best food they could have
eaten. They began cutting the beef
into sjices preparatory to smoking it
so that they could carry it along with
them to the settlements. They saved
the hide to make moccasins, for they
were not only weak in body, but their
ciotning naa become tattered rags.
While they were thus engaged they
werealled by an old man. dressed in
a suit of buckskin. This was the first
white man the weary travelers had seen
I or 20 days.
They soon learned they had been fol
lowing down the south fork of the
Mackenlze River and had reached the
main stream, -j. nis man s name was
Cotter and he kept a ferry over th
river aDout naif a mile above them.
The nearest settlement was 40 miles
Deiow them. The men etayed et Cot
ter's several days until thev were suf
flclently recovered to travel, and there
they separated to make their way In
Clark went to the valley with the
first party that came along westward
on the road over the mountains. With
the next traveler Andrews and Red
field came down. Daugherty stayed
there for some time and afterward
prospected in that vicinity.
Mr. Redfield Only Survivor.
Mr. Redfield Is the only survivor of
tne party which made this unparalleled
trip. Alter mining on Blue River In
1865, Daugherty went over Into the
Crooked River country and built a
sawmill. There lie died.
Clark enlisted in 18ti5 to help fight
tne inoians ana later with a company
or soiaiers visitea tne scene where thei
abandoned their wagon. Later Clark
worked here, then went to the Ha
wauan laianas ana uvea ror many
years in California. He died at San
Diego in 1910.
David Andrews went to Lebanon in
1865 and soon afterward established a
mercantile business there. He was for
years one of Lebanon's leading busi
ness men and most respected citizens.
In 1884 he was elected County Clerk
of Linn County and served two years.
Mr. Redfield. the lightest one of the
four and the one least expected to
stand privation, is the only one of the
four who remains. He is now 74 years
old. but is hearty and active and looks
much younger than that. The accom
panying photo was taken only a year
ago, when he was 73.
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MISSIONARY BAND FORMED
Students at University of Oregon
Prepare for Foreign Service.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON. Eu
gene. Nov. 4. (Special.) Fifteen stu
dents of the university have organized
a "Volunteer Band" for the purpose of
studying religious conditions in foreign
countries. It Is the aim of these stu
oents to finish their university . work
and then go to some foreign country
to aid in religious work.
The members of the organization are
Heln Brejit9n. '19. of Engene: John
Black, '17, of Portland, wl'.l enter the edu
cational field: Aldls Webb, special student
of Lr Angelex. ministry. Jam's MeCallum,
'17, Eugene, ministry; Harold Humbert, poet
No. 50 on Official Ballot
JOHN P. KAVANAUGH
Department No. 1
graduate Eugene, educational work: Clinton
all Scott. ' 'Is, KprlnBflcld, undeeld.-d:
rtirlfA V0lla ane.lnl ....Hon. U n . . .
undecided; Mae Harbort. '17. Sprinuf lel'd. ed
ucational; Raymond Haualer, "18, Portland,
medical; Bal lard Wright, "18. Le.- laton,
Idaho, educational; Paul SnanKler. '!!, Eu-
medical: Klchard Tbompson '20, Portland,
Place, Or., undecided.
WOMAN'S PLEA IS EARNEST
Mrs. A. II. Grattis Wins Cheballs
Audience Wltli Hnglies Speech.
CHEHALIS, "Wash., Nov. 4. (Spe
cial.) Mrs. Allen 1L Grattis. of Se
attle, speaking here last night under
tne auspices of the Hughes Alliance
Club, made an earnest plea for the
support of Hughes and Republican
doctrines. She urged a protective tar
iff to assure lasting DrosDeritv. ask
ing that foreign and Mexican policies
be placed In the hands of Hughes and
his followers to restore lost prestige
Mrs. Grattis' remarks were freauent-
ly Interrupted with enthusiastic ap
plause. Aiusic was furnished by the
Chehalis band and the audience aang
one of the Hughes songs. The meeting
was presided over by Gus I. Thacker.
chairman of the Republican County
Indiana for Hughes, Says Tlill.
"Indiana will go for Huches, and
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When you cast your vote on Tuesday
for Frank S. Grant for Circuit Judge
you may be assured that in his election
the people of the County of Multnomah
will have on the bench a man of the
highest integrity. He In well versed In
the law. a friend of labor, firm In his
convictions of right and truth and jus
tice and his decisions will be fearless
and Impartial. '
Everyone who has known Frank
Grant and he has lived in Oregon for
a quarter of a century since he was a
boy of 17, when he was not only sup
porting himself, but his mother also
knows that all that Is here said of htm
is absolutely true. He is now in the
full vigor Of his manhood, a little over
42 years of age. Every client he ever
had will vote for him. and also most of
those who have become acquainted with
his character while opposing him.
For 20 years he has practiced law In
Oregon, was Deputy City Attorney of
Portland for three years and appointed
City Attorney in 1910 and afterward
elected to the same office by the peo
ple. His record is above criticism.
Mr. Grant successfully handled some
of the most Important litigation ever
had in the city, notably the Broadway
bridge litigation, which Involved the
constitutionality of the Initiative and
referendum provisions of the state con
stitution. Another notable case was
that of the litigation against the South
ern Pacific Railroad, involving the re
moval from Fourth street of steam
locomotives and freight cars. Both of
these cases were argued by Mr.. Grant
in the Supreme Court of the United
States ana won by the city.
He was a member of tw charter
commissions, and during his incumben
cy of the office of City Attorney han
dled many franchise matters and was
the author of many new suggestions
Incorporated In later franchisee for the
protection of the public His written
opinions as City Attorney reveal an
analytical mind, a natural sense of Jus
tice and an Impartiality in the admin
istration of the law. Mr. Grant is stu
dious and domestic His honor, cour
age and character have never been
questioned, and all of these qualifica
tions eminently fit him for a place on
the circuit bench. Mr Grant was nom
inated in the Republican primaries in
May for Circuit Judge by a majority
, REPUBLICAN STATE CENTRAL.
CHAS. I M'NARY, Chairman.
EDWARD D. BALDWIN, Secretary.
Hughes will be elected."" was the text
of a telegram received yesterday by
John C. Lewis, of Portland, from
Samuel Hill, well-known Kwod roads
advocate, who Is visiting in Indiana.
Mr. Hill has made a c.-ireful etudy of
the political situation there.
Taxes in Oregon
Have increased 370 per cent in ten years. "
WHAT WILL THEY BE IN
. TEN YEARS MORE?
Whatever your business, you know the state
can't stand this increase much longer.
The Time to Call a Halt Is Now
The State Taxpayers' League offers a remedy
STATEWIDE TAX AND INDEBTEDNESS
Vote 320 X Yes
(The last measure on the ballot)
STATE TAXPAYERS' LEAGUE
By Robert E. Smith, Sec, Roseburg, Or.
(Oregon Journal, August 25, 1911.)
Two and a half years ago R. L. Lovegrove deserted his wife and
four children in a California town and eloped with Mrs. Erannock,
wife of W. Brannock, taking with them the two Brannock boys, aged
5 and 7 years. Two and a half years Mr. Brannock searched for the
pair and his children. Mrs. Lovegrove and four children in California
were left destitute, and often during the two and a half years have
toiled in the fields as a means of livelihood.
The long quest for Lovegrove and Mrs. Brannock ended in Port
land. ; . . Life affords few cases of greater depravity than that
of Lovegrove and Mrs. Brannock. The California wife and her four
children, uncared for and unsupported, are a terrible indictment of
the. man. They are scarcely less of an indictment against Mrs. Bran
nock. Yet for this crime against the American home and this crime
against society there is no punishment, according to the Portland Mu
(Lovegrove and Mrs. Brannock admitted their guilt to officers.
They were defended by Attorney Haddock, law partner of Tazwell,
and were discharged by Tazwell.)
(Oregonian, August 25-26.)
"The affair is a pure and simple case of miscarried justice," de
clared Juvenile Officer White, who arrested the couple. "I have been
associated with courts in Portland for seven years and I have rot seen
anything to compare with tfie performance. It fairly staggered me.
. . . Both the prisoners had told me they were guilty. All they
hoped for was light sentences. Both expressed their fear of the
"If I had known that my two and a half years' hunt for Lovegrove
and my wife was going to result in the realese of the two on mere tech
' nicalities ... I would have taken the law into my own hands."
McBride Campaign Com.. R. E. Smith, Sec, 916 Yeon Bldff.
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Thos. M. Hurlburt
REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
US -BALLOT NUMBER 113
g Public Service Commission
p.; - -' . v. -r.r.
This Commission has charge of and controls all Steam Railroads,
Electric Railroads, Telephone Lines, Electric Light, Power and Gas
Companies, Warehouses and other Public Utilities in Oregon. The
Commission should not be all of one political party.
IT IS A BUSINESS OFFICE FOR A BUSINESS MAN
VOTE X 43 FOR
E. L. VAN DRESAR
25 Tears Experience in Transportation, Manufacturing and Shipping
BE W AR
Deceived by scheming politicians, "The Menace" praised
Cap' Perry's so-called 'Patriots" Ticket.
For PERSONAL reasons Perry and Bob Duncan want
you to vote for ex-Saloonkeeper Jackson and Mr. "Oppor
Mr. "Opportunist" Lafferty has openly denounced "The
Patriots," but, on his being defeated at recent primaries,
became an ele'venth-hour "Patriot" of the Jackson, Duncan
and Perry brand.
PATRIOTS MENACE READERS VOTE THIS TICKET
VOTE NO OTHER
We Trust These Candidates:
47 Buchtcl. I'rrd G. TS Liircurd. O.
40 Allen, ii. W. ? Uwl, li. C.
51 Tucker, Robert. Mncltey. Lionel C.
63 Grant. Frank S. M Mann. John 31.
(14 Karrell, Robert S. 4 IVIIIrtt. Ceorte X.
M Huston. S. II. - tYlilUon. H. A.
r,rt Moaer, r.u C. t:t Mnllett. Mary I
57 Olaon, Conrad P. ICS Tmnrll, (ieorgt.
ftS Or ton, A. AV. Ill Mark, A. A.
RH bill. John. US Hurlburt, Thomna SI.
TO Patton. II. M. H IJeverldBre. Job. W.
73 Limpiiun, Rex. lift Lewla. John M.
73 Callan. A. C. 134 Hall. J. O.
74 Corbett. Hamilton F. 13 lionaer, li. C
73 Goode, E. J. 1311 Unmmaach. F. II.
7 Gordon. Herbert. 131 l'eteraon, Mark V.
77 Kubli. K. K.
Authorized by the Council of Federated Patriotic Societies
Phone Your Want Ads to
Main 7070. A 6095