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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 20, 1916)
Pages 1 to 16
VOL,. XXXV NO. 34.
PORTLAND. OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20, iHlG.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
PRESI DENT APPEALS
TO RftlLRDflD HEADS
Put on Officials.
TWO ARE HURT BY
FEDERAL PROBE OFF
AND WHEAT SOARS
INVISIBLE RULE HAS
FOE IN 1. HUGHES
GIRL EMPLOYE IS
LOCKED IN BANK
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
DRIVE IN BALKANS
GOON WTJ CAUSES ACCIDENT AT
HALF-HOLIDAY IS PASSED WITH
MC STY FILES.
EMPLOYERS PUT OFF REPLY
Mr. Wilson Wants Insistence
on Arbitration Abandoned.
DRAMATIC SESSION HELD
Executive Tells Presidents or Rail
ways That If Break Conies Pub
lic Will Know Whom lo Blame.
Answer Monday Is Likely.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 19. President
Wilson appealed to the railroad offi
cials today to abandon their insistence
on arbitration of the dispute threaten
ing a nation-wide strike and to accept
his plan of settlement, already agreed
to by the employes, because in his
opinion the railroads are contending
for a principle which It is seemingly
Impossible to apply to the present sit
uation. In one of the most dramatic scenes i
known to the White House in recent
years the President declared to the
heads of $5,000,000,000 worth of proper
ties assembled at his summons: "If a
strike comes, the public will know
where the responsibility rests. It will
not be upon me."
Pnblfe Right Announced.
A few minutes later ho issued a state
"The public has a right ti expect"
acceptance of his plan.
Refusing acceptance for the present,
but not giving a final answer. Hale
Holden, president of the Burlington
road, and spokesman for the 33 rail
road officials, urged the President to
uphold the prin:ipl3 of arbitration, and
declared his plan would "place in peril
all that has been accomplished ;n the
peaceful ad.1usf.nenr of labor contro
versies by methods of arbitration."
At the close cf the conference Presi
dent Wilson summoned to Washington
additional railroad president from the
West and executives already here told
him they would confer amonr them
selves and returi next week, probably
Situation IKsarded Grave.
The situation toni.Tht was described
by a railroad president as "not hope
less, but grave. ' It will be at a stand
still -until Monday at least. Discussion
of counter proposals and compromises
was current, and serious consideration
was given to ttao possibility of Govern
ment operation of the roads in case 6f
A a result of the day's conference,
however, it was said on good author
ity that many of the railroad presi
dents looked upon the possibility of a
strike as more remote than at any
time since they came to Washington.
Over the week-end it was expected
railroad officials will get into com
munication with the controlling finan
cial interests, 'and it still was con
sidered possible that some of the
powerful directors of the roads would
be called to Washington. -
Strike Likely to Be Short.
Both among the employers and em
ployes talk of arrangements for a
etrike continued, and for different rea
sons both sides thought if it came it
would last less than a week.
While President Wilson was still ad
ressing the railroad executives, telMng
them they faced "a condition, not a
rinciple," his statement to the coun
try reviewing his plan and character
izing it as "a thoroughly practicable
and fair programme." was given out at
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 2.)
j "Xl mm jjmmmmfy."S
- ..... r 1 . ;-'
i " . "f
Amateur Chauffeur Knocks Down
Pedestrians at Third and
Two pedestrians were injured serious
ly and another escaped injury by a nar
row margin at 6 o'clock last night
when a motor-truck driven by Goon
Wu, Chinese, charged through a crowd
at Third and Morrison streets. The in
jured were: Andrew F. McAtee, 942
Gantenbein avenue, chest hurt and
bruises, and Mrs. Carl Lawrence, 491
East Thirty-third street, broken leg,
dislocated knee and cuts.
Goon Wu and Ray. E. Henderson. 410
Hancock street, who was instructing
the Chinaman In driving, were taken
to police headquarters by Traffic
Officer Bender and will be charged
with reckless driving. The men made
a statement to Deputy District Attorney
Deich and Detectives Royle and
Goon bought the truck last week.
Yesterday was the third time he had
The two pedestrians were knocked
down and dragged a considerable dis
tance before the amateur chauffeur got
his car stopped.
The injured were taken to the
Emergency Hospital in a passing auto
mobile and then sent to St. Vincent's
Hospital in the care of the Ambulance
Service Company. They were attended
by City Physician Ziegler.
Mrs. Lawrence is 69 years old. She
is the mother of Ernest Lawrence, 1273
East Seventh street North. Mr. McAtee
is about 69 years old. He is a clerk
at the T. M. C. A.
SOD BROKEN FOR SMELTER
Five Thousand See Commencement
of $1,000,000 Plant in Idaho.
KELLOGG, Idaho, Aug. 19. The first
sod was turned today on the ground
which is to be occupied by the Bunker
Hill & .Sullivan Smelter at Kellogg.
The sod was turned with appropriate
exercises in the presence of 5000 per
sons. Tho smelter when completed. It Is
said, will cost $1,000,000. It is ex
pected to handle a large part of the
output of the Coeur d'Alene mines.
FAIR WEEK IS PREDICTED
Washington Forecast Says Weather
May Be Cool on Coast .
WASHINGTON, Aug. 19. Weather
predictions for the week beginning Sun
day, August 20, issued by the Weather
Bureau today, include:
Rocky Mountain and Plateau regions
Temperatures will average low for
the season, with local frosts in the
high regions in the north.
Pacific states The week will be gen
erally fair, with temperatures near or
below the seasonal average.
M'ARTHUR TO TAKE STUMP
Oregon Representative to Aid In Re
publican Campaign in Maine.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Aug. 19. Representative ' Mc
Arthur, of Portland, on invitation of
the Republican Congressional commit
tee, will go to Maine next week to
deliver speeches in support of the Re
publican ticket in that state.
He is scheduled to speak at Bath,
Augusta and Oakland.
RUSSIANS WIN ON ST0KH0D
Austro-German Line Broken
Miles From Kovel.
PETROGRAD. via London. Aug. 19.
The Russians have broken through the
Austro-German lines on the Stokhod
River in Volhynia, and have made a
considerable advance, it was announced
today. ' '
Price Up 4 Cents in Day
of Mad Buying.
FURTHER ADVANCE PREDICTED
Continued Reports of Shortage
Make Market Lively.
SOME EXPECT $2 GRAIN
British Efforts to Cut Down Chi
cago Market Noted Few Heap
Great Fortunes Because of
the Big Margins Asked.
CHICAGO, Aug. 19. (Special.) A
load was lifted from the wheat market
today when the traders learned that
E. N. Hurley, chairman of the Federal
Trade Commission, after making an
investigation of the recent spectacular
advance in wheat prices, returned to
Washington and announced that there
was no evidence of manipulation of
prices on the Chicago Board of Trade.
Traders, who have been afraid to
venture Into the market while the in
vestigatlon was on, bought freely to
day. There was an enormous trade in
the wheat pit. At the opening there
was a rush to buy which continued
until the closing gong. The result of
this buying was an advance of mors
than four cents for the day.
England Worried About Supply
That the recent advance in prices is
Justified by conditions is not disputed
anywhere except by British and Ca
nadian government officials. England
is worried over supplies and it was
reported that that government is plan,
ning to commandeer the Canadian
crop. Ministers of Agriculture In the
Northwest provinces of Canada have
steadfastly denied that "crops had been
injured, but reports from American
crop experts now In those provinces
tell another story: '
B. W. Snow and George M. Le Count,
American crop experts of international
fame, have been sending in very bull
ish reports on the conditions of Spring
wheat. Le Count telegraphed from
Brandon. Manitoba, today that one field
was threshing out 10 bushels to the
acre of 43-pound wheat.
Seed Prospect Is Had.
Another farmer had a thresher all
set up ready to harvest his crop, but
decided It was not worth the cost of
labor And is burning the field to clear
the land. In other sections much
standing grain will be burned to get
the straw out of the way. Canadian
farmers are alarmed about seed for
next Spring. There is little wheat in
Manitoba that will do for seed.
Foreigners have . been paying more
attention than usual to the Chicago
wheat markets. Local traders believe
that the British importers resorted to
strategy during the week in an effort
to lower American prices. On Tuesday
morning, before the Chicago trade had
opened, a cable message showing that
the Liverpool market had declined 10
pence per bushel reached the trade.
More Affecta Shaky Market.
With the Chicago trade on the fence
because of the Government inveatiga
tion of conditions, the Liverpool news
had the effect of reducing prices in
this market four cents a bushel on the
first trades. The Britons, watching this
market closely, jumped in and bought
on the decline. Later In the day prices
advanced nine cents a bushel.
Every day the reports on European
crop conditions show how urgently
they will need the assistance of North
American wheat to keep the wolf from
their doors. The crop of France is
(Concluded on Page !. Column 1.
INTERPRETATION OF NEWS EVENTS OF PAST WEEK RY THE OREGONIAN
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 72
degrees; minimum, 4G degrees.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer. northerly
Russian soldier relates remarkable escape.
Section 1, page 4.
British advance on 11 miles of Somme
front. Section 1. page 4.
Ita'.lar steamer Sampalla reported sunk.
Section 1, page 4.
Allies start big drive In Balkans. Section
1, page 1.
Official reports. Section 1. page 4.
Troop A men fit after hard trip. Section 1.
page 2. '
List of Third Oregon shows men of mini
vocations. Section 1, page 2.
General Funston recommends troops do re
called from Mexico Section 1, page S.
Politics. ' "
Mr. Hughes takes stand against Invisible
government. Section 1, page 1.
Flsht being made tor Senate. Section 1.
Champ Clark opens campaign In Maine.
Section 1, page 6.
Eastern newspaperman says Oregon will go
for Hughes. Section 1, page 8.
Japanese and Chinese in clash In Mongolia.
Section 1. page tl.
National. . .
President appeals to heads of railroads to
abandon demand for arbitration. Section
1, page 1.
Wheat soars wnen Government reports
prices are net manipulated. Section 1.
Ruin marks wake of Gulf storm. Section 1.
Suspension of new tariffs expected by com-
mission. Section 1. page 3.
Mrs. "Jack" Geraghty returns to Newport
with dogs. Section 1, page 6.
Washington Supreme Court explains decision
regarding liquor rights. Section 1.
Race on for prize timber stand In North
west. Section 1, page t.
Brownsville Republicans bold rally. Section
1. page 8.
Fight for Lister Is launched. Section 1.
Eugene family hurt when freight train
wrecks auto. Section 1, page I.
Miss Gladys Roddy, of Marshfleld. wins
Coos Bay Jubilee bride contest. Section
1, page 8.
Seaside cairn fete la huge success. Section
1, page 14.
Idaho candidate recalls Mr. Hughes when
he asked for Job in law office. Section
1 page 7.
Coos bar deepened. Section 1, page 14,
Pacific Coa League scores: Portland 3.
Los Angeles 4; San Francisco 7. Oakland
2; Salt Lake 5-6, Vernon 2-5. Section 2.
Philadelphia routs Red. Section 2. page 1.
Ty Cobb saves game for Detroit. Section 2,
Far Western records broken at San Diego
meet. Section 2, page 1. .
National Champion Johnston defeated by
c Japanese champion. Section . page 3.
Frank Klernan. Jr..rKiid Anna Mayhall win
marathon swfro.- Section 2, page 2.
Fans speculate on world's aeries. Section 2.
paso 2. r.
Jake Daubert now leads ' National league
, barters. . Section X -page 3.
Raising ot player limit -l!i Coast League sug
gested. Section 2, page 2.
Portland fandom is pulling for Fielder Jones.
Section 2, page 3.
"Iron Man" MeGlnnlty eensured by North
western League directors. Section 2,
Russell Smith win 1016 . Gearhart golf
championship. Section 2, page 4.
Discarded players from majors . of little
help. Section 2. page 3.
Northwest anglers to vie In casting cham
pionship. Section 2. page 3.
Irene Campbell and Albert Wlllman win
tennis singles. Section 2, page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Sharp advance In wheat prices in North
western markets. Section 2, page 14.
Chicago wheat sells at highest prices of
year. Section 2, page 14.
Wall-atreet trade slow, pending stock set
tlement. Section 2, page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Recruit on botder writes soldier life is
pleasant. Section 1, page 2.
Mrs. Roy Pettit, slayer of husband, member
of pioneer family. Section 1, page 3.
C. W. Embody files cross complaint in
wife's suit for divorce. Section 1. page 12.
City employes not likely to have payday
before October. Section 1. page 12.
Foreign trade branch to be opened at
Chamber. Section 17. page 13.
Girl employe locked in bank for half holiday.
Section 1, page J..
Bankers, merchants and farmers hear Mr.
My rick on rural credits. Section '1.
Lumbermen will meet here this week. Sec
tion 1. page 10.
Peace film thrills. Section 1. page 10.
Santa Fe Railway insuring all employes
free of charge. Section 1, page 10.
Two hurt by Chinese driver. Section 1.
Lumber market hit ty unfavorable Middle
West crops. Section 1, page 11.
Peninsula shipyard to Increase working
force. Section 1, page 14.
Servlco bureaus to aid producers. Section 1,
Reed College extension course free to public.
Section 1, page 15.
Body of Stanton Bonbright, drowned canoe
ist, is recovered. Section 1, page 15.
Practical course offered at Reed College.
Section 1. page 10.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
TIME FOR SURGERY IS OYER
Candidate Favors "Hygienic
Treatment" for America.
BUILDING UP ADVOCATED
Republican Nominee Says Mixing of
Politics With Business or De
fense Plans or National
Honor Not Right.
KAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 19. Charles
Evans Hughes told, audiences here and,
in Oakland today that the Government
of the United States could not properly
be conducted by mixing politics witn
huir with nrenaredness. with the
maintenance of international honor, or
with other Administrative functions oi
"When you start out to be military,
be military and not political." Mr.
Hughes toIl an audience m
Actual Facta Wanted.
t a kaii.v. we can run this
r-,,..-...,..., ml i in it business and
politics," the nominee said to a gather
ing of business men here a short time
before the Oakland meeting. At Oak
land Mr. Hughes repeated nis aww
tlcn that he favored fostering honor
able American achievements in business
and adjusting difficulties by Iinaing
and acting upon the facts.
"You can break down your pruspci
ity by prostituting yourself in the face
of an unjust popular demand." Mr.
uo.h jM "I shall never do that.
And the unjust popular demand is only
unjust because the facts are not unaer
stood. The only thing I am afraid of
In this country is the oar, w nen e
. . nut into the light of day
and see the actual facts we generally
. . , , , i n
find out where we trust nnu j""""
reamers Kali to, Understand.
"Some people live In dreamland."
Mr. Hughes continued, in speaking of
the need for military and commercial
preparedness. "They do not understand
the actual world we live in."
The nominee spoke of Federal com
missions lo investigate various situa
tions. "We have developed commissions of
Investigation." he said. "What do they
amount to unless we have expert com
missioners? Commissioners are noth
ing except as they are dominated by
x onuo InsnireH bv lovalty and
gUUU U . . - -
patriotism, and controlled by the facts
and the Justice or tne case oeiore
National Oraranlzatlon Needed.
"I believe we can put down what is
wrong without destroying wnat is
good. In weeding our garden we do
not want to pull up the useful plants,
w H .alri, 1 m rnrri(tln7 n hi 1 ne
to destroy the opportunities of suc
cess. We are competent, if we go
about it In the right way. to destroy
. i . .
nouses, to BDCurq uieii. inn uc&iiiik.
and at the same time make possible
"We cannot go forward unless we
realize ourselves nationally. We must
more than ever understand that na-
. 1 ...... 1 . n Ka awa Ib. A ml
that national prosperity can be gained
only vy ihb iuitzui;jr uu uuiiuiiai i
Im falhl f o v r n m rot Oniiovi.
Mr. Hughes declared himself op-
poseu iu lutis.uie fcuvenwuviii. &
u, nt ' Vim M 'vln1hl cn v m man
competent administration, not only by
(Concluded on Pa.e a. Column Z.)
Miss Lulu Bornt, Left Behind by
Other Clerks, Is Kept Prisoner
Until Evening Session at 5.
Miss Lulu Bornt. a stenographer em
ployed at the Scandinavian-American
Bank, Park and Morrison streets, was
locked in that institution yesterday af
ternoon quite by accident and was com
pelled to pass the time all alone from
shortly after noon until 5 P. M.
Miss Bornt was Intent upon winding
up the details of the day's work and
paid no heed when the last bank em
ploye with a key left and the lock of
the door clicked behind him. The
banking day at the Scandinavian-
American closes on Saturday at noon.
but it was an hour later when the
clerks had their accounts straightened
so they could leave. The bank opens
again at 5 o'clock, however, on Satur
day nights for the accommodation of
When the stenographer had her tasks
arranged and waa ready to go. she
found she could not open the door and.
although she made efforts to reach
some of the banking staff by telephone,
she was unsuccessful and she passed
the long, languorous Summer after
noon in the banking rooms.
Her enforced association with so
much money was ended when Chester
Johnson, a bookkeeper, came shortly
before 6 o'clock and liberated her. She
said she had put in most of the time
profitably at any rate, although she
had planned passing the afternoon in
another way. She was enabled to do
a lot of filing; and other miscellaneous
tasks that no one finds time to ac
complish in the ordinary working day.
TROOPER'S FALL MAY KILL
John M. Dunn, of Portland, Gravely
Injured by Bucking Horse.
CAMP BALBOA. San Diego. Cal.. Aug.
19. (Special.) Trooper John M. Dunn,
of Portland, was perhaps fatally in
jured at 3 o'clock today by being
thrown from a horse which he was rid
ing bareback. He was unconscious
when picked up and when, after re
ceiving first aid from Captain Houck.
he did not regain, consciousness, an
ambulance was summoned and he was
taken to the hospital ' at Fort Rose
crans. At a late hour tonight he was
still unconscious and physicians said
he might not recover.
His mother has been notified.
Trooper Dunn" was born in Oregon
and ia about 21 years old. He rode
after cattle around Heppner and Con
SNOW DEEP IN MOUNTAINS
Mazamas Find Depth of Five to 1 0
Feet lu Cascades Timber.
EUGENE. Or., Aug. 19. (Special.)
Twenty-seven members of the Mazama
mountain party arrived in Eugene to
day from the Three Sisters and thi
others will break camp tomorrow morn
W. C. Yoran said that when the re
turning party left the Mazama camp
yesterday six inches of freshly fallen
snow lay on the ground. In the tim
ber near the summit the snow is from
five to 10 feet deep.
BREMEN RUMOR IS REVIVED
Tug Which Brought In Dcutschland
Again Takes on Coal.
NORFOLK. Va.. Aug. 19. Arrival of
the tug Hansa. formerly the Thomas
F. Timmlns. here tonight for coal re
vived a rumor that the German subma
rine merchantman Bremen was about
to come in through the capes.
The tug convoyed the Deuthchland
during her stay in American waters,
but the captain said tonight he was
taking coal because he was under char
ter to tow mud scows to Baltimore.
Offensive Now Under
Way on All Fronts.
FIYE VILLAGES ARE CAPTURED
Attack Resembles Opening of
Campaign on Somme.
RUSSIANS FORCE BARRIER
Austrians Admit Retirement From
Gateway to Pass of Carpathians.
British Sweep Foe Baek
on Western Front.
LONDON, Aug. 19. The long-ex
pected general offensive on the Sa
lonikl front has opened and the grand
assault against the forces of the cen
tral powers now is In progress in
every theater of the world-war. Gen
eral Sarrail is attacking the Bulgar
German forces along the entire Greek
Serbian frontier, a distance of more
than 150 miles.
Reports from both Berlin and Paris
indicate that the entente allies are fol
lowing the same tactics in the Balkans
that signalized the opening of the great
offensive on the Somme. Small bodies
of troops are attacking at numerous
points along the Bulgarian line, ap
parently with the Intention of feeling
out their opponent's positions before
the real battle opens.
Villages Are Taken.
The French report the capture of five
villages in the initial phases of the of
fensive, while Berlin reports the cap
ture of Fiorina, a Greek town IS miles
southeast of Monastir. from the Ser
bians. Serbian headquarters admits
On the eastern front the Russians
have forced their way into the heart
of the great mountain barrier between
Gallcla and the Hungarian plains. The
Austrians admit a retirement wei-t
of Jablonltza. the gateway to one of
the most important passes through the
mountains, which was seized by the
Russians this week. In this district the
Austrians are retreating toward the
Chornahora ridge, the highest c?int In
the Carpathians in that region, from
this ridge the ground falls rapidly to
the plains of Hungary.
Rusnlana forced Back.
Farther to the south, on the Bukowina
end of the battle line, the Russians
have been forced back in their ad
vance on Klrlibaba. the next pass south
of Jablonltza and about SO miles from
Daily attacks by the British against
the German lines north of the Somme
in France are having their reward, and
today was reported the most notable
gain in some days In the region of
Gulllemont- After withstanding Ger
man counter-attacks, the troops of Gen
eral Haig again assaulted the opposing
trenches and gained from 200 to 600
yards along a front of 11 miles.
tialn Slade by Brltlah.
The pressure of the Anglo-French
forces has been exerted strongly re
cently where the two forces Join hands
between Gulllemont and Maurepas. and
the latest British advance was from
Foureaux or High Wood to the Junc
tion point. In Addition the British re
port that they have gained a footing in
the village of Gulllemont. Berlin says
that Anglo-French attacks north of the
Somme were repulsed, except around
Gulllemont, where the German line was
While not as active as the British
on the Somme front, the French have
made more gains in the Verdun region.
Fighting took place on both banks of
the Meuse, the Germans attacking on
(Concluded on Page 4. Column 2.