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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1916)
WANDERING CAMERA MAN
WOMEN FAMOUS HERE
Customs Inspector Accused of Assisting Mrs., F. R. Pelton to Smuggle in
Loses Fight for Socialist Nomination Imperial Baby's
-; - f. t f ' f
Y : X rJ r jf
. II-. 4' ;
J3lcZ3 ZyrZi j-xTjoy
MRS. F. R. PELTON. whose divorce
from Dan llanna created a sen
sation several years ago, is
mixed up in a caso which has brought
a New York customs inspector under
charges. He is charged with helping
her to smuggle in a quantity of house
hold linen. The smuggling is said to
have occurred in 1914.
Kate Richards O'Hara is the first
woman to bo a serious candidate for
the nomination of Vice-President. She
went before the Socialists and made a
good fight but she was beaten. Mrs.
O'Hara s home is in St. Louis.
There was keen competition in Tokyo
for the honor of being nurse to the
baby recently born to the Empress.
Jlrs. Torimo Nohagi was the success
ful competitor. A Japanese nurse in an
ordinary family receives $3.60 to $7.50
a month, but the honor of caring for
the Imperial baby will make Mrs. No
hagi and her family historic persons.
Florence Walton, who is the dancing
ra.rtner of Maurice, dazzles her audi
ences as much with her gowns as with
NEWS FROM PORTLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS
appointed to arrange the programme 1
for next week's meeting. It comprises
Agnes Schultz, chairman, and Ruby
Superintendent I R. Alderman gave
a farewell luncheon Friday noon for
Miss Lilian Tingle at Lincoln High 1
School. The color scheme of the lunch
eon was yellow. Daffodils made an
attractive centerpiece. !
Mr. Alderman's guests were: Miss
Tingle, Mr. Leiter, Dean Collins, Miss
Winner, Rex Lampman. Mrs. Durham
and Mr. Thompson. Following is the
menu: Fruit cocktail, broiled shad,
fried chicken, potatoes. turnip cups
with peas, hot rolls, French country
salad, ginger ice cream with walnut
wafers, crackers, cheese and coffee.
T. N. Garman, 'of the Lincoln High
School faculty, has resigned to accept
a. position with Scott Foresman & Co..
educational publishers of Chicago. Mr.
Oarmah will leave April 7. He has been
faculty director of the Athletic Asso
ciation for the past year and is one of
Lincoln's most popular teachers. He is
very interested in all school activities,
particularly in athletics.
The- Adelphians gave their formal
party of the year Saturday night, April
1, at the home of Shannon Pettinger,
at Oswego. Miss Amos, Miss Bain. Miss
Marsh, Mr. Koehn and Mr. Maris chape
roned the party. The committee in
charge was Ross Johnson, chairman;
Elizabeth Tillson and Shannon Pettin
At the meeting of the Adelphians,
Thursday afternoon, Miss Mills gave an
interesting talk on "My Literary
Friends in Kansas."
The Philolexicans have decided to
study the drama for the rest of the
term. - Five minutes will be given to
the study of current events. Fannie
Melis was voted into the society at the
The Philolexicans will give their
first party April 14 at the studio of
Miss Jean Wold, in the Royal building.
The members will attend dressed to
represent well-known books. -
On Wednesday, of the past week,
Miss Donaldson, of the Y. W. C. A., vis
ited the domesticart department of the
school and spoke very highly of the
work accomplished. Some teachers
from Clark County also paid the de
partment a visit.
Mount Tabor School Xotes.
The girls of the 9A and 8B classes,
accompanied by their teacher. Miss
Mildred Hurd. went on a cross-country
The pupils of Miss Stacy's room are
enjoying a herbarium of Oregon flow
ers, which was recently presented to
the room. The children are making
a collection of different woods and
The school stage is being enlarged
and raised in preparation for the play
to be staged by the Parent-Teacher
Association In the near future. Toe
fill ,.vwax' f
7(3 re 77 ercr
her grace in dancing-. In private life
Miss Walton is Mrs. Maurice. Her hus
band, who is accepted as a Frenchman,
has been asked frequently why he
does not go to the front. His answer
is that he was born not far from
Thirty-fourth street and Eighth avenue
in New York.
Word conies in private letters from
abroad that Sari Petras one of the
most beautiful of Hungarian actresses,
has been executed as a spy in Buda-
(COTI.M:ED FROM PAGE 8.)
committee in charge of the entertain
ment consists of Mrs. B. A. Mcpher
son, Miss Emma Sturchler and Miss
"Spreading the News" and "Mrs.
Bagg's Bargain Sale" are the names
of the two humorous farces to be pre
sented by the Parent-Teacher Associa
tion on the nights of April 14 and 15
for school benefit. The cast of char
acters includes many well-known peo
ple of the Mount Tabor district.
The pupils of Miss Sturchler's room
are watching with interest the de
velopment of nuts plarrted in glass
boxes of dirt and sawdust, and a
glaH8 bowl - of frogs eggs.
James John High School
BY FLORENCE DAVIS.
THE first and second term classes
are working on a Latin play,
"Pyramus and Thisbe," to be given at
the meeting of the Sodalitas Latina in
May. The cast is as follows: Pyramus,
Merrltt Whitmore; Thisbe, Ruth Ed
mondson; Mater Thisbae, Delia Vin
cent; Sol. Edward Rood; Aedificator,
Russell Drinker: Tuna. Helen Brown;
Leo, Harian Hlatt; Ninus, Lindroff
Moaday and 'Tuesday Mr. Getz con
tinued the talk on Mexico which he
began last week for the benefit of the
American history class.
The last few days have been dis
turbed by hammer and saw while the
new automatic fire alarm has been in
process of installation. Carpenters
have been busy, also in the basement,
fitting up the boys' manual training
The second term English class, under
direction of Miss Barber, has been re
hearsing a dramatized version of
"Treasure Island." -
Prizes for the best stories offered
for the "Tumalun" were awarded in
assembly Friday. Margaret Rundall
won first prize, and Drott Larsen sec
ond. The prizes :were a James John
pennant and a copy of the "Tumalun."
The music for the senior play, to be
given April 14 and 15, will be furnished
by the high school orchestra, under Mr.
After a lengthy discussion the senior
class chose the anemone, or Mayflower,
as their class flower, carrying out
their color scheme of green and cream.
Never before has a class of this school
chosen a wildflower as class flower.
The date set for the senior prom is
April 24, Easter Monday. The class
has invited the June classes of all the
other high schools in the city.
Saturday morning the girls of the
senior domestic science class visited
the state bacteriologist. Professor Pur-
Rare Linen Kate Richards O'Hara
pest. The story is that Miss Petrass
had been acting in London, where she
was very popular, that she returned
to Budapest but kept up a correspond
ence with London: that her letters
were intercepted and were .found to
contain military Information of value
to the British; and that thereupon she
was tried and put to death.
Priscilla K. von B. Ebling. of Wee
hawken, N. J., was married November
9. at Oioucester. Mass., to Fred. W.
Wolfart. her grandfather's chauffeur,
but their honeymoon did not begin till
February 6. when Mrs.' Wolfart came
into a. fortune of $750,000. Mr. Wolffcrt,
formerly a LieutPnant in the Oerman
army, was a chauffeur when Miss Eb
ling first met him. He is now em
ployed by a tire company in New York.
Miss Ebling's mother knew of her
plans and, according to hr story, did
not object to her choice of n husband,
but other members of the family did
and for this reason the marriage was
not, at the City Hall. Afterwards they
were Miss Chollar's guests at luncheon
at -Hotel Campbell. In the afternoon
they visited the city incinerator.
Friday a double headed basketball
game was played. The first was be
tween the Seniors and the Midgets, the
game being won by the latter. The
second was between the girls of the
first term class and those of the fifth
and sixth. This game was a victory
for the upper-clrassmen.
Friday afternoon the Dramatic So
ciety held its monthly meeting. A
vaudeville programme carrying out the
idea of April fools' day was presented.
The programme was as follows:
German band: members, Dick John
son, Lawrence Mayer, Marshall Shaw,
Ferris Swisher, "Shorty" Day, "Mutt"
Kellher and George Downey, with Vic
tor Thomas, conductor; violin solo, Clif
ton Crouch: vocal solo, Perdita Fleener;
"History of April Fools' Day," Doro
thy Schafer; reading, Verne Hall;
magicians, Phillips. Smith and Wrinkle;
clarinet, Lawrence Layton; cartoons,
Harry McCord; reading. Margaret Nel
son; vocal solo. Clyde Thayer; 'mind
reaaing, Jiazci Johnson.
Wednesday afternoon Mr. Armstrong.
County Superintendent of Schools,
spoke to the teachers' training class.
Richmond School Xotes.
Miss Billings had the best attend
ance of the primary rooms last month,
99.3 per cent, and Miss Nellie Smith
came second with 97.8 per cent. For
the grammar rooms Miss Maurer led
with 99.3 per cent, and Mrs. Goodspeed
was second with 97.3 per cent. The
whole school averaged 96.6 per cent.
Miss Billings and Miss Nellie Smith
carried off the honors for the best
primary rooms in deportment last
month also. Mrs. Goodspeed and Miss
Hurlebaus. who had the honor gram
mar rooms before, retain them for the
Miss Bowie obtained the primary
prize and Mrs. Goodspeed the grammar
for the best representation of parents
at the-last Parent-Teacher Circle.
Next week a report on home work is
expected, as a large number of the
pupils are interested in handing, in
The school bank was started in Feb
ruary and now there is on deposit
$116.72. Miss Peterson's room leads
with $13.58. About 120 pupils have de
Holladay School Notes.
On Monday and Tuesday afternoon
Miss La Mont's pupils in d omestic
science served a dainty lunch to their
teachers. Miss Hughes, Miss Rawson,
Miss Roche, Miss Reed. Miss Ulen and
ine principal. The following pupils
were present: Beatrice Maxwell, Helen
Tithill, Frances Billups. Margaret Mett,
Hazel Cox, Gladys WaUing, Gladys
Moran. Eleanor Kchwabe. Margaret
Westgate, Louise Baker, Gladys Bea.lL
Thelma Paul, Anna Smith, Charlotte
Wells. Frances Allen, Lillian O'Malley.
Rosa Banz, Ramona Her sc. Eleanor
Lines, Lois Ball, Florence Newman,
Leslie Kerns. Nan Parrish, Grace Ahern,
Fern Boehm, Daisy Graap, Hilda Guler,
Genevieve Rosen, Eveline Henkel,
Laura Spall, Meravene Foister, Edna
Graham, Fannie Freedmat. Lola
Vaughn, Florence Heath and Mildred
At an enthusiastic meeting in the
assembly-room on Monday, Alexander
Dewar and John Cheney were chosen
captain and 'manage, respectively, of
the baseball team.
Miss Millard, of the Central Library,
gave an interesting talk at the meeting
o the Parent-Teacher Association Fri
day, March 27.
Hoffman School Notes.
The baseball game Tuesday between
the Hoffman and Mount Tabor teams
resulted in a score of 4 to 3 in favor
Miss Thompson's room has the honor
of reporting the highest per cent of
attendance for last month.
The women's club of the Wisconsin
Society Wednesday night gave a bene
fit performance of "The Old Maids' Con
vention, for the emergency fund of
the Parent-Teachers' Association. Pu
pils from the grades who (assisted in
the programme were: Dorothy Snider,
Mary Louise Cochran, Geraldine Root
and Kathryne Snider. ' .
m m m
Patriotic exercises attended the pres
entation of a 'beautiful silk flag and
stand Friday afternoon to the pupils
of the sixth grade by the women of
the George Wright Relief Corps and
the Grand Army of the Republic.
Mrs. Inez Smith, president of the
corps, introduced Mrs. Marion McKay.
who, after addressing the class, pre
sented the flag. Applause followed the
unfurling and a rousing salute to the
flag by all then was given. The class
owes this handsome gift to the request
of Helen Vail, pupil of the sixth B,
for a flag from her grandmother, Mrs.
Margaret E. Reed, prominent in Relief
In addition to patriotic songs and
short talks the following pupils added
recitations to the programme: Oliver
Peterson, Edward Fullman, Helen Vail,
Ivan Jones. John French. John Bishop,
Helen Niman and Edna May Root.
Capitol Hill School Notes.
Work from the pupils of Capitol Hill
School has been placed with the rec
ords of the Daughters of the American
Revolution that future daughters may-
see what was being done in patriotic
education during the year 1916.
Dr. Sherrill. who visited the school
last week, reported that the children
are exceptionally clean, even surpassing
the city children In this respect.
At an evening meeting of the Parent-
Teachers' Association Mr. Naramore
presented the plans of our new build
ing, which will soon be constructed.
Under the leadership of Mr. Boycr,
the community recently enjoyed an
evening of song.
The efforts during Letter-writing
week were well repaid. Dozens of in
teresting replies continue to be re
ceived from the children of New York
and Boston. . These have given us a
new interest in the study of geography.
Pupils from Miss Ingram's room gave
a dramatization of "Prince Roland" be
fore the school.
The upper classes have formed an
advisory board. The pupils take the
keenest interest in its meetings.
Crcston School Notss.
On March 21. at a Joint meeting of
the Parent-Teacher Association and
the W. C. T. U.. the prize-winning es
says on "Narcotic and Stimulants"
were read to a large audience. The
essays were by the following pupils:
Roy Cunningham: 5A, Margaret
McGowan; 5B, James Wood; A, Sylva
Seaholm: 6A. Alexa Duff; 6B. Robert
Shoemaker; 7B. Gail Williams; 7B. Mar
garet Wolcott: 8A. Mildred Deaver;
SB. Albert Behnke: 9A. Winnifred
Meade. Each essayist received a blue
The ninth grade chorus sang "Long,
Long Ago," "Bendemeer's Stream,"
and "The Campbells Are Coming."
The girls of -the eighth grade enjoyed
a luncheon in the domestic science
room Thursday afternoon.
The playground has been a favorite
spot since the return of sunshine.
Baseball, indoor baseball and volley
ball are the favorite sports of both
boys and girls.
Lents Pupils for Safety First.
The pupils of the Lents school are
making a specialty of "Safety First."
They have discussions of it at stated
times and are making it a habit to re
port at school by name or number all
violators of the speed and traffic laws
who come within their observation.
Rose City Boys Build Birdliouses.
The boys of Rose City Park School
have made 235 birdhouses. That is
about an average of two to each boy
who takes manual training.
FAMILY HAS 11 GIANTS
Parents of XTnusual-Sized Boys Ob
serve Golden. Wedding.
PITTSF1ELD. Mass.. March 28.
Colonel and Mrs. Thomas Jefferson
Parker observed their golden wedding
day in Richmond, Va, recently. This in
itself would mean little, but when it
becomes known that they are the par
ents, until dispute arises, of the tallest
offspring in the United States. the
statement takes on elongated import
ance. Charles Wilson Parker and Millard
Parker, of this city, members of the
immediate family, are six feet eight
inches and six feet seven inches, re
spectively. They are brothers. and
they are employed by Z. & W. M.
Crane, paper manufacturers, at Dalton.
With all their great height they have
little on their shortest brother, who is
six feet four inches in height; and he
is the shortest of Colonel Parker's 11
children. There also are 27 grand
children and seven great-grandchildren
who attended the reunion, foregather
ing from various points in the United
States. Lack of space prevents com
parative enumeration of their respec
MAN, 62, HAS 24 CHILDREN
Twenty-One Girls and Three Boys Is
Kecord in One Family.
WOODLAND, Cal.. March 28. Big
families are the exception now instead
of the rule, as they were in the good
old days Colonel Roosevelt mourns, be
fore the race suicide became a Na
tional menace, as the Colonel believes
it is in these degenerate days.
There is the Sernia family, of 127
Fifth street. Wooodland. The head
of the household. Lucio Sernia. is the
parent of 24 children. The last, but
probably not least, of his flock has just
arrived and is lined up on the side of
the brotirer minority. Sernia is the
father Of 21 girls and three boys and
has been married twice. He is 62
years old. while his wife is but 20.
Notwithstanding her youthfulness. she
is the mother of five children. Sernia
has been married 25 years.
Washington produces approximately
8.3;S3.3M:i linear feet of po!e and piling and
luoasumca about 6,G00,0Gu linear feel.
COCCIDIOSIS IS DREAD DIS
EASE. One of the worst diseases of
young chicks is Coccidiosis, com
monly called white diarrhea,
which is widespread and infec
tious. The younger the chick
the more liable is it to die from
the disease. It is very important,
therefore, for poultry keepers to
know the best means of protect
ing' chicks against this disease.
BY PROFESSOR JAMES B. MORMAN.
Former Expert for the United Statea
Department of Agriculture.
THOUGH it is not generally known,
mature female fowls are - the
original source of white diarrhea.
It arises in the ovary of - the mother
hen. The ovary develops the yolk of
the egg. The danger of transmission
to young chicks comes when these eggs
are affected by the spores of the para
site. Since the yolk forms-the nourishment
for the developing embryo during incu
bation, many chicks have the disease
when hatched. But this is not the only
danger. White diarrhea is easily
transmitted to well chicks in various
ways, which can be clearly understood
by studying the organism which causes
Cause of White Diarrhea Noted.
A minute animal parasite is the cause
of white diarrhea. This organism lives
and multiplies within the intestines of
young chicks. The physiological effect
of the parasite is to destroy the cells
in the food passage where the main
digestive processes are carried on.
In one stage of its growth the para
site is passed from the diseased chick
within its droppings. Thus the soil
first becomes affected. Then, if the
soil contaminates either the food or the
water, so that the spores of the para
site are swallowed by other chicks, they
also become afxflicted with the disease.
The spores, or cysts, are resistant
forms of the parasite. They pass with
the excrement of an infected chick. If
some cysts are swallowed by a well
chick with food or water, they remain
unchanged until they reach that part
of the digestive tract called the duo
denum. Here the spores escape from
the cyst and attach themselves to the
cells of the intestines, which they
Anally penetrate. Once inside, the para
site grows rapidly at the expense of
the cell it has Invaded. The life cycle
of thejspore is completed in about eight
Disease Spreads Rapidly.
Infection from chick to chick usually
takes place during the first three or
four days of their life. This is the
most critical period for the spread of
the disease by external means. The
droppings of affected chicks are the
chief source of contaminating soil.
rood and water. By this means the
grass on an open poultry run, or the
soil of a pen or yard, is easily contami
nated. When the droppings become
dry they crumble and are blown from
place to place by the wind. Infected
dust containing spores is deposited on
the food plants of chickens or mature
hens, and thus they become diseased.
If the spores drop into the food or wa
ter where younger chicks are kept, out
breaks of the disease will occur among
them. Forty days of exposure of white
diarrhea spores in water does not de
stroy them. Since young chicks are
more susceptible to the disease than
more mature birds, protection of food
and water against contamination be
comes of the greatest importance.
Infection is spread by older fowls one
to the other, mainly by coming in con
tact with infected droppings. Birds,
such as pigeons or sparrows, eat con
taminated food, but the parasites pass
through the bodies of .small birds un
changed. The droppings of these birds
in clean yards are liable to Htart new
centers of infection. The cysts of white
diarrhea also pass through the bodies
of flies unchanged or in any way im
pairing their vitality. Even such mi
nute objects as the excrement of flies
becomes a means of infecting young
poultry. The spread of the disease in
these various ways renders it absolute
ly necessary to take the best precau
tions against it.
During the- first week of infection the
effect of white diarrhea is most fatal.
After this time the deaths are not so
frequent. The chicks with stronger
vitality may recover. But, aa a rule,
such chicks do not make satisfactory
growth. If they are females, they often
continue to harbor the disease and they
become a constant source of Infection.
These birds are called "chronics." They
spread the disease to chicks they may
hatch and rear, and constitute a dan
ger to older fowls when replaced In
Symptoms of the Disease Plain.
There may be no prominent symp
toms of white diarrhea, except weak
ness and lack of vitality, if death oc
curs within a few days after the chicks
are hatched. When the disease be
comes pronounced the victims soon be
come listless, sleepy, and sometimes
droop their wings. If they are incu
bator chicks, they will huddle together
under the hover; if they are with a
mother hen, they watrt to be brooded
most of the time. They lose appetite
and do not eat much.
In severe cases the chicks stand
THIS is a variety of the Wyandotte
family, which was originated
about 1893 oy B. M. Briggs. and
named in honor tf the Columbian Ex
position, then In progress. It was de
signed to preserve the beauties of the
Light Brahmas, plumage on a fowl of
practical size, possessing the utility
qualities demanded by American mar
kets. It was originated by crossing a White
Wyandotte cock on Barred Rock hens
and carefully breeding selected indi
viduals from the resulting progeny.
Fanciers adopted the breed, but as the
original stock was very light in color,
they strengthened it by an infusion of
Light Brahma blood. Some crossed
hS-S-rT'i -Is? If II v .v'V.V 'l Mi V"wVl m'
around with eyes closed. They become
indifferent to everything around them
except that many will chirp constantly
as If cold or in distress. Frequently,
when chicks try to void excrement, they
will utter a shrill, painful twitter, the
breathing is labored, and they gasp for
In such cases the discharge from the
vent may te slight or abundant, in color
wnite or creamy, and sometimes mixed
with brown. This discharge frequently
sticks to the down and may even stop
up the vent. During this stage of the
disease, the chick may die suddenly,
even while apparently still strong. But
if the disease is prolonged, the victims
gradually grow thinner and weaker un
til they succumb. With few exceptions,
the death of chicks from white diar
rhea will occur within a month of be
ing hatched. If chicks which have had
the disease survive, they are so weak
ened that they fall an easy prey to
ailments which would easily be resist
ed by chicks with normal health and
With a disease so weakening anvl so
fatal in its effects as white diarrhea,
every precaution should be taken to
protect the flock against its ravages. It
affects eggs, young chicks, and mature
fowls. Evidently, there can be no real
protection unless every possible ave
nue of infection is checked. Yards and
roosting places and scratching pens
should be kept as sanitary as possible
as a preliminary precaution. But the
main efforts of the poultry keeper
should center around the protection of
the flock as the primary source of con
Sound Stock- Required.
The best protection against white
diarrhoea is to breed only from sound
stock. Violation of this principle has
frequently brought financial ruin to
producers of eggs for incubation. For
the complete eradication of this dis
ease from poultry farms, stock which
gives evidence of weakness or the least
signs of the disease should not be used
for breeding purposes.
The average poultrykeeper may not
be able to determine whether all his
fowls are free from white diarrhoea or
not. Nevetheless, It is a safe course to
select for the production of hatching
eggs only the healthiest and most vig
As a mere matter of successful In
cubation and for maintaining the vigor
of the resulting chicks, this is the key
to the whole situation in the control of
white diarrhoea. For the prevention or
elimination of this disease, eggs used
for incubation must be produced from
sound, uninfected stock. This means
more careful selection of breeding hens.
If this precaution is not taken, white
diarrhoea may become so firmly estab
lished in the flock and its surroundings
as to render all future efforts to con
trol the disease of little or no avail.
Every precaution should also be tak
en to protect breeding stock from in
fection. They should be kept in clean
An opportunity exists in every
community for the establishment
of a public hatchery for the pro
duction of day-old chicks. In
next week's article Professor H.
R. Lewis describes the evolution
of the baby chick business, and
the unlimited possibilities for
large or small poultry plants.
houses and yards; they should receive
wholesome food and the best of care
and management. By no means should
they be permitted to come in contact
with infected chicks.
Unless one is absolutely certain as to
the condition of the hens used for the
production of hatching eggs, the latter
should be disinfected before they are
incubated. There are two effective
means of disinfecting eggs:
1. Strong methylated spirit can be
used for rapidly wiping the eggs. They
should be carefully and quickly dried
after thi3 treatment before being put
In the incubator or under a hen.
2. The eggs may be dipped in a weak
solution of creolin and water. They
may be placed in the incubator imme
diately after being dipped.
Both of these methods have proved
effective and neither form of treatment
apparently injures the hatchabillty of
the eggs. Where an incubator is used,
the precaution should be taken to disin
fect the inside of the machine every
tlme it is used and before the eggs are
Sour Milk Antidote.
The feeding of sour milk to chicks
appears to be an easy means of con
trolling white diarrhoea. The purpose
of sour milk is to suppress intestinal
putrefaction, which the parasite of this
disease sets up. Milk contains a quan
tity of sugar which is acted upon by
certain fermentation organisms. These
bacteria counteract the parasite of
white diarrhoea. The feeding of sour
milk Is an important agent in lessen
ing the dangers of great losses from
On account of the ravages of white
diarrhoea, especially during the first
few days of life of baby chicks, it Is
Important to begin feeding sour milk
early where the presence of this dis
ease is suspected. Moreover, sour milk
should be constantly kept before the
White Wyandottes and Rhode Island
Reds and produced fowls of similar
In common with all Wyandottes. it Is
an .active, industrious hen, and can be
depended upon to produce plenty of
eggs at all seasons.
The chicks are hardy, make rapid
and vigorous growth and are desirable
for market at all ages. The fowls should
weigh from 7'i to SV4 pounds- for
males and from ba to bJ. pounds for
The breed Is not bred in sufficientl.v
large numbers to stock large poultry
plants, but it is steadily increasing in
popularity, and the time is not far dis
tant when Columbian Wyandottes will
be as widely used for practical farms
as are the other American breeds.
chicks until the dangerous period of
the disease has passed.
A poultry expert In Great Britain has
used catechu to prevent white diar
rhoea. Ten to 15 grains of crude cate
chu were dissolved in one gallon of
water. This was given to the chicks as
drinking water. They drank it greedlly
and made rapid improvement in health.
The treatment is given usually for ten
days. If these precautions are taken
by poultry keepers, there is little rea
son to dread the ravages of white diar
rhoea. Editorial Hens Double Up on
For Second Time, Cottage Grave
Man's et Return More Than
Egg Per Capita of Poultry.
OTTAGE GROVE, Or.. April 1.
J (Special.) The hens of Elbert
Bede. editor of the Sentinel, seem de
termined to make him famous.
A short time ago. upon affidavit of
his wife, he reported that 15 hens laid.
18 eggs on the stormiest day of the
Winter. It was hinted at that time
that by some secret of the occult arts
he had made the hens understand that
they must earn their rations or there
would be none.
Last Saturday, the family commissary
department being short of meat, the
wife suggested that her better half
pick out two hens who were not doing
their duty and that they form the chief
ingredient of a chicken pie for guests
of the morrow. As is customary in the
editorial home, the suggestion of the
feminine partner of the business was
Since the time of the first story a
hen that had been raising a flock of
layers for the coming year had insisted
upon again making a regular contribu
tion to the egg basket. Thus there
were 14 hens in the flock after the
two had been removed for purposes
already set forth.
Whether or not the hens were stirred
to renewed energies because of the fate
of their former co-workers may never
be known, but it is a fact, to which,
the wife will again make affidavit, that
on the day following the 11 hens laid
15 eggs. A nest containing 18 eggs
was also found that day. but whether
any eggs were laid in that nest on the
two days that the laying record was
made is not known. At any rate, they
were not counted.
ARCHDEACON DEFIES COLD
"Yes, I Climbed Mount McKinley,"
Iteplies Alaskan Worker.
CHICAGO. 111., March 24. The Chi
cago clergyman who considers hiB lot
hard when the church furnace back
fires, the church roof leaks and the
congregation blushes apologetically as
the collection plate passes should spend
a half hour with Archdeacon Hudson
Stuck, of, Alaska. Archdeacon Sturk
has a wealth of tolerance for dis
gruntled divines and agitated reform
ers. Even the primaries didn't move
the archdeacon. In Alaska, where Dr.
Stuck spreads the gospel, he uses a
team of dogs as adjutant evangels and
a sled as a flying altar. Dr. Stuclc
climbs mountains, shoots rapids and
Bcales icebergs every time he has an
important sermon to deliver. Last year
Dr. Stuck traveled 2000 Icy miles with
his dogs, administering sermons to his
"I'm in the States to participate dur
ing Ijnt in the work of the Church
Club of Chicago." he said at the break
fast table In the Auditorium Hotel. "I
a -mhr of talks to make. The
moe.nent is in the nature of an episco-,
pal Lenten revival."
Dr. Stuck was asked for reminiscen
ces of his 12 years' life In Alaska.
"Good heavens'." he said. "I've writ
ten two books about it. You don't ex
pect me to tell It now In a few min
utes. And. anyway, of what value Is
"The country is still a frontier land,"
he said. "The railroads there are still
hypothetical. Along the coast live the
Eskimos. Inland live the Indians. They
are not particularly interested in re
ligion. It is the same with them as
with every new land. The difficulties
in spreading the gospel through the
Yukon country have had something to
do with It perhaps. One gets used to.
the difficulties and a 100-mile trip with,
a team of dogs in subxero weather be
comes as commonplace as a five-mile
ride in a heated elevated car."
Dr. Stock was asked to recite briefly
his experiences in climbing Mount Mc
Kinley. the tallest peak in America.
This is the way he described it:
"I climbed it."
The archdeacon, after finishing a.
typical Yukon breakfast two soft
boiled esrgs and toast, not seal blubber
and gumdrops departed for St. Louis.
BODY FROZEN IN ICE CAKE
Coroner Has to Chop It Out When
Shroud Is Towed Ashore.
PITTSBURG. March 25. Froaen in a.
cake of ice and in an almost perfect
state of preservation, the body of an
unidentified man in working clothes
was found floating in the Allegheny
Charles Dehor, an engineer, while
moving a barge, noticed a dark object
incased in ice and towed it to shore.
He notified the Coroner and the body,
after being chopped out, was taken to
Four per rent of the Inhabitants of moun
tain necuonii of the South have mRlaria.
To SAVE LITTLE CHICKS j
and hlp them to trow into bit. I I
trong. healthy birds. FEED II
Diamond Chick Food
Our nune and trade mark
MADE ONLY WY
Aalc for ratling IVo. 362.
fSf ANO BROODERS
v) TC or allkinds