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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 22
VOL. ; XXXV. xo. 9
Germans Attack For
tress at 4 Angels.
FURIOUS BATTLE CONTINUES
Germans Strive to Bend Line
Back on Both Sides. ,
KAISER OBSERVES ADVANCE
Berlin Records Taking of Douan
mont and Paris Is Indefinite as
to Whether Fort Itself
Has Been Regained.
LONDON. Feb. 26. Intense fighting
for possession of Important positions
near the French fortress of Verdun
continued today. The official state
ment of the Berlin War Office, received
here today, says that the Brandenburg
regiments in a furious onslaught cap
tured by storm the "armored fort of
BouaumonC which is one of the most
important 'outlying defenses "of Ver
dun. On this subpject the official report
of the French War Office, after men
tioning that Douaumont is an advance
element of the Verdun defense, says
that the position captured this morn
ing by the enemy "after a desperate
struggle, vaa reached again and gone
beyond by our troops, which all the
attempts of the enemy have not been
able to push back."
,tn of Fort Not Admitted.
Neither of the French official reports
today admits the actual loss of the
frt nf Dnu&umont itself. London is
in doubt whether to regard the latest
report of the French War Office as a
claim to the recapture or Jjouaumont
fntpment indicates a
t the Attack on a wide
tr-r,t .nnth und east of the region north
of Verdun along which prssure,hitherto
has been exerted. The mgn roaa ii-om
pi in Mrii runs through Verdun,
passing slightly to the southeast. It is
crossed at a point about 15 miles east
of Verdun by the German line, oenoing
southward 'in the salient to St. Mihiel.
-t- io. hoinir nVnaiied (simultane
ously from the north, northeast, east
' ti I.Ike Those in East.
Apparently 'the Germans are develop
ing an attack similar to tlrat employed
frequently with marked success
against the Russian fortified positions
in the campaign of last summer, i neir
tactics weVe to bend back the Russian
lines on both sides of the .selected
point of attack and compel evacuation
'' nf thA fortress itsetf.
The German statement admits that
the French succeeded in penetrating
th German first lines over a distance
of 250 yards at one point in the Cham-
n..r. rerisive victory over mo
French on" the plain of Woevre Is as
.verted, ard German troops are reported
to be "closely pursuing the retreating
Preach Gain German Trench.
The Berlin " War Office statement
. "In the Champagne, the French made
an attack south of St. Marie-a-Py posi
tion, which we captured February 12.
They succeeded Impenetrating our first
line trenches over a width of 250 yards.
"East of the Meuse considerable ad
vances were made on the battle front
in the presence of the King-Emperor.
Our brave troops gained possession of
the hills southwest of the village of
Louvemont and the group of fortified
positions situated east thereof. In the
tierce rush forward Brandenpurg regi-
( Concluded on Paea 4. Column 1.)
) - ' THKiEVlfiIN rnEWFKKS NF.WS LOOMEDLARG ON THE VISION OF CARTOONIST REYNOLDS. ;
7jr &USSA tf BAK: S HA WHO-
-- - ...-rMnpO. FFBKUABY 87. 1916. ICE FIVE CEXT3
WHEAT PIT THINKS
WAR'S END NEARER
GERMAN DRIVE . ON VERDUN
CUTS PRICE SIX CENTS.
Traders Scramble to Sell When News
Comes One of Outer Defenses
- of Fortress Has Fallen.
5B fSnecial.i That
VH ll.JV, J . .. "
t rn j i tk. rhirairn grain markets
believe that the German success in the
region of Verdun Is likely to nave -decisive
effect on the war was revealed
today when a 6-cent drop in price
i j f nit,ntes the news that
one. of the outer defenses of the great
fortress had been taken.
The market had opened strong,
though unexclted, when the news
reached the board. Immediately there
was a wild scramble to sell. May
wheat, which had sold , earlier at
i ion rnniu In a few minutes to
$1.13' and failed to rally, the close
being at $1.13, or more man
below the recent high point.
tv. ih traders seemed to
be that the capture of 'Verdun would
mark the beginning of the end of the
war. which would firing to an end the
demand for wheat from North America
by releasing the great Russian surplus
and freeing German ships to carry
grain from all parts of the world.
The tense situation between 'the
United States and Germany also con
tributed to the selling.
. 1 "
Sr.VEN SONS PALLBEARERS
Ijate William Junor Makes Plans for
His Own Funeral.
m- ...tnmnhtles were permitted In
the procession which was made up of
horse-drawn vehicles at the funeral of
the late William Junor. The pall
bearers were his seven sons, and they
lowered the casket into tne grave. iu
plans for the services were outlined by
Mr. Junor before his death.
William .Timor -had been In charge
of the Waverley Golf Club grounds f on
the fJast 10 years. He is survives uy
.inv and seven sons, all of whom
were at'his bedside during his illness.-
13 OIL TANKERS BEGUN
Standard to Spend $1 3,000,000. to
Meet Enormous 'Demand.
vrw TnitK. Feb. 26. The Standard
r Jersey, has be
gun the construction of 13 large tank
steamers, which will cost .,v,u,v"v
each, according to announcement m-
today by John D. Archbold, president
of the company. The other companies
of the Standard Oil group are duuuh.
36 additional tankers, he said.
"The demand for oil is tremendous.'
Mr. Archbold declared. "We could sSll
all the oil we produce if there were
enough ships to carry it for us."
AVALANCHES' KILL SWISS
Several Frontier Posts Overwhelmed
by Slide, Is Berne Report.
BERNE. Switzerland. va Paris, Feb.
26. Numerous avalanches . have' oc
curred during the last few days' and
several Swiss frontier posts have bee
overwhelmed by the slides. . '
Five soldiers In all have been killed,
while others have been dug out alive.
Numerous mountain roads and the Ber
i ciiov between Switzerland and
Italy have been blocked completely by
LINER SUNK, MEN MISSING
loss of Iilfe Feared When Only Cap
tain and Two Are Landed.
LONDON, Feb. 26. The Wilson liner
Dido was punk this morning, according
to the Central News. The captain and
two of the crew were landed by a Bel
gian steamer. The Dido carried a,crew
of 29 men and it is feared there has
been considerable loss. of life.
. ,, -.ort-d at Hull will close March 21. Tne purse lor eacn erated on tne aennessoe ""7 crats revolted against Mr. his name to De ramga,,, ,.,, v.g. . f,.i,,m,i a.l
I ' LZ:- .. f 47B9 tons will be divided 5.. 25,' 15 and 10 . per .miction will Deg.n immeu.ateiy. " , .n,.1ded on page 5, column I.)
. ! was saiu. ,
gross and was ouiitat jiuii m " ; - .......i'''''TT'"J'
ITKJiXl- liAH - ' . j
wf i i Iaih rAMMHT dcapu nun piinnTAPr ip
RFP11R1 IRAN nLIVF Hxsnews M
IMPORTANT CONFERENCE ON
"Old" and "New" Elements
HARMONY IS INDICATED
Agreement on Uncontested Delega
tion to Chicago Sought State
Central' Committee Confers .
With Former Rivals.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 26. Two sets
of California Republicans, tne oiu
and the "new," met here toaay. anu
waved olive branches at each other.
An ae-rewinent under which a united
and uncontested delegation might be
sent from California to the national
convention in Chicago was said to be
the end sought.
Indications of harmony prevailed to-
niirht and- committees had been ap
pointed from both faotions to see wlfat
could be done toward presenting a
solid front. The party has been split
since 1910, and a later digression of a
majority into the Progressive ranks
further complicated matters.
' "Nm" Republican Lead Way.
The first organization to meet today
was an informal assemblage of "new"
Republicans, more or less Closely con
nected with the activities which led
to the election of Hiram W. Johnson as
Republican Governor in 1910 and the
overthrow of the old heads of the party
In this state. Several of these did not
follow the Governor Into the Progres
siva nartv later. ' notably Albert E.
Boynton, floor leader . and president
J pro tern, of the State Senate in in
and 1913. B-nton retirea irom active
noli tin. three years ago. but was back
today, urging -a united party or prog
ress In California and an nninstruciea
doieiraHnn to Chicago to vote for a
forward looking" candidate there.
A committee of 11 was appointed to
nroDose a set of delegates, which is a
free-for-all procedure In California,
subject to election at the primaries.
Then theV sat back and rested.
Conference Committee. Named.
The Republican State Central Com
mittoA nresentlv went Into session. It
mnrifd the more conservative ele
ments of the parties, including some of
the old leaders dispossessed in the eiec
tinn of 1910. Some of its members
had aDDeared before the "new" Repub
licans urging harmony. It appointed
a committe of.flve to confer with the
"nws" and the five immediately pro
eeeded to the hotel, where the other
Republicans were waiting.
They were met by. the "new" execu
nvo xnmmittea of five, which was em
powered to treat apd which had in its
possession the new" slate or conven
tion delegates as named by the com
mittee of 11. Thts slate was taken into
a conference with the "old" committee.
Nothing definite was accomplished at
the conference, which adojurned until
Monday. However, Francis V. Kees
ling. chairman of ; the Republican State
Central Committee, and others said
there were "Indications of harmony."
Kalamazoo Purses Total $21,800. .
KALAMAZOO. Mioh.. Feb. 26. Eight
early closing purses totaling $21,800 in
value, were announced tbday for the
Grand Circuit meeting here July 31 to
August 5. Entries for these events
will close March 27. Tne purse lor eacn
uHil be divided 50.- 25 ' 15 and 10 per
INDEX OF TODAYS NEWS
The w earner. . ,
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
afgreoii mini.", " "
TODAY'S Fair; winds mostly northerly.
War. ' ..'
Russians take Kermanshah by storm. Sec
tion 1, page 4-
Verdun drive may shroud another German
attack. Section 1. page .
Wilton seriously concerned over split In
party. Section 1. page 1.
Administration willing; to 1dlB" rnar,
merchantmen, issue If Americana are
spared meanwhile. Section 1, page i.
House and Senate oommitteea . resuscitate
continental army plan.- Section 1. page .
Senator Lane puts limit on Postmaster
Myers- authority. Section lipase i.
Domestic . i
Gridiron Club satirizes candidates.. Section
1, page 3. i -
Illinois Republicans strongly supporting
Sherman for President. . Section i.
Text of New ' York Republican platform
oov.rnor whitman advocates compulsory
military training lor juumo.
page o. . ...
. ir-,,n rlriva will
Chicago wneat pii l
i . j war Kctlon li page i
California Republicans make progress -
ward, reunion, occuuu
German-American editors bold secret con
ference, aeciion i ;
Oregon bovs best Judges of butter In Spo
ir.n. Anteat Section 1. rage
New machine and carpenter shops t tts
training: acnooi i'omicreu. -
page o. -Lamar
Tooie meets survivor of Lusitanla.
Section 0. page 4.
Idaho faces problem of primary vote for
choice or oeifg.Lca w .f"
Section 1, page v.
Bend, witn two Bawui. - ;
Seattle and San Francisco Jealous of
i 1 Ca-tinn 1 nil Bf. &.
Unusual plan adopted to-defraud Bandon
Only S6 candidates so far have filed for
office, secuwn a, 1
Municipal, links generally approved. Section
2, page J. . .
Interstate association announces rP'e
Jim Griffin says Moran has chance to win
from wiuara. octnuu
Dull season for fishermen nere. obi-uub
World-title and all-star series attract Uncle
Sams' attention, oecnuu r-."
Fifty turn out for baseball at O. A. C. Sec
tion 2, page .
ininmnhiW and Roads
Ford salesmen begin canvass of homes' and
offices, section jj.bo
T, A,.tn Club to issue guiaeoou.
Section 4. page .
I.a.bor Temple to rise on KYVfJl
Real Kstate and Buiioing.
Buildin? activity continues to gain
City' supervision of fills suggested
Return of high prices not expected by
wheat dealers. Section page u.
Chlcagd market slumps on excited, selling.
. wi.rket downward. Sec-
: ' . u lilhest nrice ever
WOB WW- T-
Known.. - ,
Harbor extension report he d up Vndint
, -,Tnnt Rectlon-2. nage 6.
interests purchase gas schooner
Anvtl. Section 2, page 6. r
Portland and Vicinity.
...in. nm. Section. 1
Car snortago s-"
RufnsWe-street habitues approve prohibi
"on? Reed College students learn. Sec
American Life case to go to Supreme Court
Ejection x, ve"
Mexicana ridicule President Wilson. Section
1, page xo.
Council will pass on meat inspection system
tomorrow. Section 1. page 14.
Ceremonies attend opening of social center.
f t maim 14.
L'.i anriMncv for re-
1,6 election V. MuUnomah: Assessor. Sec-
tion 1, page lo. -.
Medical school strike situation still grave.
Section a, page i
Wire-tapping case develops strife In court
jt.i.. Kncletv arranges lecture
BOdBl """-,- i nacre 18.
Supreme Court to decide who'll get J90.000
Supreme cou benevolent organlxa-
tions. Section 1, page 20.
Workingmen's Club closes,, as emergency Is
relieved. Section 1. page 2t. .
Council committee investigates auto signal
device. Section 1, page .1.
Columbia Beach will be Improved and
leased. Section 1, page 21.
Portland folk lag in registration for Ro-
sarian trip. Section 1, page 20.
Secretary of State Olcott announces ean-
dtdtc for re-election. Section 1. page 5.
R. E. King, alleged forger, arrested at Los
Angeles. Section 2. page 18.
Steel Plant to Vse Water Power.
CHATTANOOGA. Tenn.. Feb. 26.
Chattanooga capitalists announced to
night they wojild build here a $2,000,
000 open-hearth steel plant and rolling
mill to use hydro-electric power,' gen
erated on the Tennessee mver.
i-iirtlnn will Degin immeaiaieiy. tt
BY SPLIT IN PARTY
Leadership Is Shown
to Be Insecure.
CONGRESS DEEPLY IRRITATED
Imminence of Campaign Is
Cause of Embarrassment.
VETO MAY BE EMPLOYED
President 111 Determined to In
sist on Free Hand In Diplomatio
Negotiations Western Trip ,
-Works Two Ways.
T2 v mHS CALLAN O LAUGIIL1X
T,r . ourvr.Tnv -Fflh. 26. President
Wilson is deeply concerned over the
ugly situation which has aeveiopeu .
Congress as a result oi uemoco.v
nu rtaln of his nolicies.
Events of the past weeK nave aemvi,.
.t..t.j tt,it Mr. Wilson nas not m
party in hand to the extent he had be
lieved. ' He expects in tne ena w
gain control and to prevent the passage
r.r maRiires which will be considered
as a criticism of the policies he has
pursued. That he must display ex
ceeding tact'is apparent to him and to
his advisers. 4
Imminence of Campaign Embarrasalnit
Th xmharrassine feature of the
troubles is that the country is on the
eve of a presiaentiai i;tnui.'6'
the President a candidate for re-elec
Arm- .rtion bv Congress ana par
f;iow h the Democrats, which con
demns in any way the Administration's
o fb Oovernment, will be
used by the Republicans to the disad
vantage of Mr. Wilson.
What to do to allay tne lrniauuu
..n,h .-Hat is a subject 'of anxious
thought on the part of the President
and those close to him. As the first
step, Mr. Wilson has decided to aban
don "tempoI!rily' his proposed South-
.,Hno- tour. The effect has been
i to. some extent the feeling
hi. Western trip created. That feeling
was lessened by the publication of the
President's letter to air. uamson, c-
h lntter's resignation. The
change in Congress was indicated by
the adoption unanimously by the House
military committee of a measure of
preparedness and by the expressed
willingness of the Senate to give, a
slight increase beyond that voted by
the House committee. .
I.lgrht Seen In Congress.
For instance. Representative Gordon
of Cleveland, who was a Ditter oppo-,
ncnt of the "better preparedness" pro
gramme, has swung into line in favcr
of the bill which has been drafted by.
the House military committee and
which will be reported to the House
this coming week. Representative Cox,
of Indiana, who had practically the
same views as Mr. Gordon, sounded his
constituents, and they answereo. over
whelmingly' in favor of an Increase in
the Army and the Navy, and he has
agreed to abide by the will expressed.
The effect of the President's speeches
reached Oklahoma and Texas, and some
of the members from those states who
were opposed to preparedness or were
lukewarm on the subject have made it
clear they will stand behind the Presi
President Ready to Tse Veto.
But while disposed to respond to a
certain extent to publio sentiment so
far as preparedness is concerned. Con
gress does not want a condition . to
arise when the results of that pre
paredness will have to be employed.
It is for this reason that the Demo
crats revolted against Mr. Wilson s at
Sg T .
IOWAX WET TO SKIX ASD 11X-
. JiERLESS SINCE "OOX,
Des Moines River Out of Bounds and
Xull of Floating Ice Families
in Soutli Ask for Help.
OSKALOOSA. Ia., Feb. 26. Charts
Thomas is probably the most uncom
fortable man in the United States to
night. Ho is perched on the limb ot a
tree in the Des Moines River, seven
miles southwest of this city, and boats
cannot reach him because of floating
ice. Thomas not only is marooned in
the dark, but his clothing is wet and he
has not eaten since noon.
The adventure which landed Thomas
In the tree cost the life of A. E. Rom
mell, official . engineer of Mahaska
Countv. The two men. who arc well
known, started out in a skiff to dyna
mite an ice gorge. The, boat was cap
sized by a big cake ot ice and Rommell
was drowned. The river is out of us
banks as a result of the gorge.
NATCHEZ. Miss.. Feb. 26. Urgent
appeals for assistance came to Natchez
tonight from Concordia parish. (where
2000 families have been driven from
their homes by the-flood waters or tne
Mississippi. Many of the inhabitants
have taken refuge on the river em
bankments. Food supplies. are report
KKW ORLEANS. Feb. 26. Tonight
x ...-, mov ne trom me
SLCSdliici a '
vicinity of Jonesville. La., hundreds of
persons caught by the overflow of the
Black, Little and uuacnita
Tn.vtiie is nartlv under water and
in the lowlands are
CARNEGIE PLANS SCHOOL
Musical Education for British Sub
jects Hope of Fund Trustees.
DUNFERMLINE. Scotland. Feb.
.-.... r o nf the Carnegie fund
for the United Kingdom announced
after their annual meeting today that
they were considering the expediency
of founding a school of music on a
scale analogous to the celebrated
schools on the Continent, particularly
those in countries at present closed to
f the trustees, Dr
John Ross, said it was felt that after
$3,000,000 had been spent by the Carr
negie trustees in the purchase of
church organs they reasonably might
terminate such grants.
GLOOM RISES FROM SEA
San Francisco Hotarlans Make Poor
Job of Ocean Burial
SN FRANCISCO. Feb. 26. "General
Gloom." who was buried at sea by the
t ,. rinh February 22 in a coffin
branded "Noc-No-More." escaped from
V ivv Jones' locker and was found to-
7 v,a hearh near Point Reyes.
' Instead of sinking, as the Rotarians
believed he had. the General navigateu
1.1. ffin like a submarine, kicked the
casket to pieces in the breakers and
red the General, a gl
gantic hammer, was in perfect condi
tion alid was pounaing tn new. ...
his wonted stylo.
WOMAN AND 8 GET NAME
Mrn.' Bumjrarner Ig Now Mrs. Gard
ner; Husband Alleged Insane.
BAKER, Or.,' Feb. 26. (Special.)
Granting the petition of Mrs. Nannie
Bumgarner. County Judge Messick is
sued an order today authorizing a
rhane-A of name for Mrs." Bumgarner
and her eight children to Gardner, to
go Into effect with the proper posting
of the change as required by law.
The order was made on Mrs. Bum-
nmn'g reoresentation that ' her hus
band, since divorced, was Insane at'the
Hm. or their marriage and believed
his name to be Bumgarner, whereas in
reality it was Gardner,
nnniumn nun im
i I'uiiiniirii- iiiiwk
Oregon Is Hit Harder
' Than Other States.
1500 ORDERS ARE UNFILLED
Puget Sound Ports Helped by
SOME MILLS PARALYZED
nailroaris Anxious to Relieve Mtuu.
tion and at Meeting Willi Coui
inision Heavier Returns
From East Promised.
The car shortage in Oregon persist.-?.
If anything, it is growing worse
It Is apparent that Oregon Is suffer
ing more than any of the other Paclfio
"It Ia tha most serious shortacre In
the recent history of the state," said
Clyde B. Aitchlson. member of the Pub
lic Service Commission, yesterday.
The situation In all parts of the stain
is bad. With lumber mills opening up
and demanding cars to move their
products It is certain that conditions
will get even worse before they get
Estimated Shortage 1500 t ars.
Tt Is estimated that more than 1500
orders for boxcars alone In various
part.-7if the state remain unfilled.
YestVfdoy the Southern Pacific re
ported 916 unfilled orders. The O.-W.
R. & N. Company. 329 unfilled orders
on VrlHflV Thn TCnrt hrn Pnelfin and
Great Northern are not so badly off a
the others, but hve not nearly tho
number of cars that they could use.
The North Bank road is in fairly
good position because It does not per
mit Its curs to go off I'm own line. The
Kanie. nnnlien lo the Oreiron Klertrie
and other branches of the North H:nlt
Some Mills Paralysed.
Lumber manufacturers In some part
of" the state have suffered a virtual
paralysis of their business. The Booth
Kelly Company, at Eugene, has bcrit
foro'd to .place some pf Its butilncsa
witli its competitors in the stte of
Washington in order to fill orders for
its patrons on contract time.
Because the Southern Pacific h
been unable to furnish enough cars for
Hid Rnnth-fvellv nlant at Knrinaf leld.
the lumber is being hauled fiur miles
by motor truck to Eugene, where It Is
Dlaced on Oregon Electric cars. South
ern Pacific officials arc making des
perate efforts to got cars from their
lines in C'allfornlu.
While the carriers Insist that the
shortage Is common to all territory on
the Pacific Coat, the records Indicate,
that Oregon Is'tho worst sufferer. If,
Indeed, It Is not the only sufferer.
The Public Service Commission In
the state of Washington reports that
there Is no serious shortage In that
state, although the carriers say there
is. The same conflicting reports coin
' Oregon Ksres Worst.
But. admitting that a shortage exists
in Washington. It id apparent that it la
not as bad as it is In Oregon, for the
simple reason that more than twice as
many cars are coming into Seattle and
Tacoma every day or into Portland.
Large quantities of war munitions
and supplies are received at the Puget
Sound ports regularly for export to
Russia. As fast as these cars are un
loaded, they are turned over to the
lumber plants of Western Washington.
Yesterday a full tralnload of cotton
was hauled through Portland by thn