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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1915)
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAN, PORTLAND, NOVEMBER 7, 1915.'
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:44 kwI fsfY-jrJb;,wHw -'iw M H
Yvsr f' ff'' ' " .V. ; '"?5r A
Vpper View of East Side from Morris
IH11 at tbe
TT WOULD have taken a real dronmor
I with a broad imagination to have
-- stood on the waterfront at the foot
of Salmon street in 1876 and pictured
the East Side as it appears today. It
then was an undeveloped, sparsely
settled and in most places heavily
timbered district far from the principal
life of the then City of Portland.
A picture of the East Side was taken
In 1876 from the point by I. G. David
son and is preserved now by the Ore
gon Historical Society. Another view
of the city showingpart of the West
DESPERATE FIGHTS WITH
INDIANS ARE RECALLED
Tactics of Redskins and Untrained Oregon Volunteers at Great Battle of
AValla Walla Are Described by Commander of Veterans.
BY A. B. ROBERTS,
Commander Indian War Veterans'
MOKE than iooo redskins made a
most desperate attack upon
about 500 untrained Oregon
mounted volunteers at the great Battle
of Walla Walla, which opened Decem
ber 7, 1S55. The first part of the bat
tle consisted of rushes against the In
dians on the part of the volunteers, in
which the former were driven back
about 10 miles.
There were no battle squares or reg
ular lines formed, the fight consisted
simply of companies or squads going
after groups of Indians as they came
The order was to go for them when
ever they were to be seen. It was
well known that Indians will not stand
in a body and fight where white men
Jire rushing directly at them, even
though they at times will charge or
rush with the most reckless bravery.
The Indians were finally driven back
until we crossed Dry Creek and reached
the first of the log cabins built by the
French settlers. By this time we had
several killed and wounded.
We took possession of that first
cabin after a hot contest with the In
dians, who occupied it, and at once
established headquarters. Here we un
loaded our supplies and dismounted our
prisoners. However, the fight contin
ued until we had captured three more
Prisoners Are Ordered Tied.
It was now almost impossible to
hold our prisoners as they beheld great
bands of their brethren rushing upon
us and being swept back. They began
to make every effort to escape, al
though a strong guard stood two deep
all around them The officer of that
guard sent to Colonel Kelly reporting
his difficulty in holding the prisoners,
and the Colonel sent back orders to tie
Hopes wore brought into the circle
and the work was begun. All at once
the guard was viciously attacked by
the prisoners, who seized guns and
knive and made desperate efforts to
escape. There was a most desperate
struggle for a few brief moments, and
before it had ended seven, of the most
powerful Indians that ever lived were
laid in death. I say the most power
ful, for there was not one of them who
was not more than six feet tall, and
one. a son of the great war chief, was
more than six feet -six inches.
Our forces pushed on. The cabins
were mostly captured by flanking them
until the Indians would retreat. Cap
tain, Bennett lost his life by an effort
to rush one of those cabins while it
was full of the enemy. E. B. Kelso, of
Company A. also lost his life by the
side of the Captain.
Members of diferent companies were
very much mixed up. About 3 or 4
o'clock a large number of Indians were
i- i j .
on to Columbia Streets In 18T. TiV.. J.-
Head of street ,e West
oiue ana tne .ast bide was taken b i
the same photographer In 1883 and
gives an excellent idea of-what Port
land looked like in its infant days.
The first picture, taken in 1876. shows
the East Side from about Morrison
street 6n the north and Columbia street
on the south. The second picture was
taken in June. 1883, from the hill at
the head of Jackson street, looking
east across the river.
In this latter picture the fringe of
small trees on the right, apparentlj
out in the water, were standing on the
bank of the river. Following tnat line
on a bench at the foot of the hills a
little out of rifle shot. A small brass
howitzer, which we found under the
floor at the Hudson Bay fort, was
brought up. and another member of my
company and myself carried it out on
the greasewood flat until the bullets
of the Indians became too numerous,
when we dropped it upon a knoll Oth
ers were crawling through the brush
GOLDEN WEDDING OF MR. AND MRS. JOHN PETER CARLSON IS
. Mr. and Mrs. John Peter Carlson celebrated thier golden wedding anni
versary at the Swedish Mission Church October 29. the Rev. B. J. Thoren
There were 250 guests invited, including 35 relatives. Tables of refresh
ments were arranged for the guests amidst a wealth of Autumn flowers and
roliage. An enjoyable programme was offered during the evening, speeches
were made by the elders and several musical numbers. A wedding cake with
50 candles adorned the center of. the honored couple's table.
MrS. Alfreda Lindberg and Mrs. Emily Blankholm, who were bridesmaids
for Mrs. Carlson 50 years ago. also attended her on this occasion.
There were three children - and six grandchildren present Mrs. Clara
c"'son and rh'ldren. Esther and Edward: Mr. and Mrs. Peter Anderson and
children. Julia. Oscar and Carl, and Mr. and Mrs. Harry I. Carlson and daugh
ter. Alvena. Telegrams were received from the other children, including
Mrs. Hilma Streed and five children, of Minneapolis: Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Gull
berg, of Tacoma. and Robert Carlson, of Nehalem. Mr. and Mrs. Carlson were
both born in Norkoping, Sweden.
Mr. Carlson was born September 26. 1839. Mrs. Carlson (Louisa Engstrand
was born January 29. 1842. married October 29. 1865. They left Sweden in
1S93, coming directly to Portland and have resided here continuously since.
. .. .
..oo EtwaTowa Mount Hoo. ThS
northward to the small buildinir stand
smokestack on the
right, indicates the . pumping station
of the Portland Water Company - of
that' time. Still further to the right
the top of Portland Lumber & Manu
facturing Compiyiy's mill (Pennoyer's)
may be seen. The long building appar
ently in front waserected about 1859
60. by state authority, for a peniten
tiary and used until 1866.
This property Blocks 106 and 107
between Front and Water streets, south
of Harrison street, was sold by the
State of Oregon to the Oregon Iron
Works Company in July, 1867. The
with powder and ball and old rags for
Captain Wilson brought up some
punk for firing the weapon, and rang
ing it at the enemy he touched It off.
The charges seemed to be light and
produced no effect.
A double charge of powder was then
put into the gun and several pounds
of bullets. When the gun was fired
off it ran back about 20 feet and plowed
a furrow some six Inches deep and
there was great commotion among the
Indians. Hurriedly we reloaded the
cannon and it was again fired off with
about the same results.
Again we reloaded the gun with stilt
more ammunition. As the Captain
touched it off there was an awful ex
plosion and he was thrown back and
fell with a bleeding face at my side.
The howitzer was gone and a hole in
the greasa wood knoll as large as a
I i i'
l i' n
-Picture of Portland From
clump of scattered Houses on the east
side of the river a little south of the
Portland Water Company's pumping
station was known as Brooklyn.
North of that a 'slough appears the
lower portion of which has been- filled
up ana is tne site or the Inman. Foul
sen & Co.'s mill. . The house near the
Dank of the river. north of the slough,
was the residence of James B. Steph
ens, the finest residence on the East
Side in its day. Mr. Stephens was a
pioneer of 1844. The riverfront repre
sents substantially the distance from
Sheridan street south to Madison street
bushel basket showed where it had
Twelve inches of the muzzle of the
gun had been thrown about 50 feet
toward the enemy and a small piece of
the butt had gone the other way.
where the remainder of the weapon
had been blown to I never learned.
The Indians, with the exception of
two bucks and one squaw, who were
found dead on the bench, were also
The Captain, as I said, fell by my
side with a bleeding face, and as I
raised his head I asked him:
!!My God- Captain, are you killed?"
I am only powder-burned," was
thT, reply, and then he asked:
Ze ls my cap?" His cap, of
which he waa qu(te proud
distance U IV--: 1 . V. V. .
iii iiiu 1)1 IJCIl. I
As it was now late in the evening, 1
6mrta our dead. Captain Ben
S'"4"4 ,E;.,B- Kelso and our wounded.
Captain Wilson, and retired to head
J.' .As eveni"S came on other
detachments gathered in from the field
and our day's work seemed to be done.
Preparations were made for the even
ing meal. We had had nothing to
eat since an early breakfast. How
ever, it was not to be.
We had scarcely got our fires built
and our coffeepots on when the In
,anfJVere .upon U3 th battle had
?htF ,v.a.Saln' 0rders we to put out
1 WtePUBhel out and took Positions
as picket guards. There'we spent the
long night listening to the howling
and watching the war dance of the
enemy as they paraded around a cabin
nearby and made a bonfire of it.
As the morning dawned the enemy
scattered out and took possession of
tne moet favorahlA r.noiti
r,! earIy- ,w..we we-e determined
ouiue coiiee and beans before
we started in for another hard day
another went In and obtained some-
lnL- " was 11 o'clock when
my turn came.
,tny favorab'e position had to be
retaken at some loss, and the fighting
continued the most desperate, with thl
most reckleaa T. .. .
-""'s" sun counter
charges for several days.
nJy., llmler alonP the river the
fighting was from behind trees and
mfde n thv,B ,third day the Indians
made a rush in great numbers and
& " ,detaent J t.h volunteers
Z a nina.ii open space.
nJ ' ?W-Ver' r, men made a "and,
.V '"-"""s reinrorcements,
drove the enemy back again and re
gained their former strong position
rtr,ZeZVw .We never "gained the
Ins, of h". t5atWi ocdPW the even
ing of the first day of the fighting
Kefso WC 1Et Captain Bennett and E b!
Ridgefield Woman, 95, Helps
31m. Martha B. Wood Hu Six Great.
reat - (rrandchlldren and Many
niDGEFIELD, Wash.. Nov. 8.fK.
J.V cial One of the oldest women in
the State of Washington is Mrs. Mar
tha B. Wood, who resides with her
daughter, Mrs. Tabitha Cook, of this
place. She has Just celebrated her 95th
birthday. A number of close relatives
and friends attended the birthday
celebration. . -
Mrs. Wood was born In 1810, In Ben
ton County.. Kentucky. She left there
when 6 years old and moved. with her
parents to Missouri in 1826, to Marion
County. At this place she lived until
she - became a woman. In September.
1S42. she was married to John D.
Wood, and then moved to Sujlivan
The; made their home at this place
until 18S4, when they crossed the
plains in a prairie schooner and located
In Yamhill County. Oregon. At the
time that they crossed the plains there
was a larsre emigrant train consisting
of 62 wagons with about 300 people.
They nnally located in Washington
State in 187G, settling in Ridgefleld.
Her husband died on March 20, 1864.
before thotrek westward was made.
He was a minister of the Methodist
The march across the plains required
six months, and at no time were they
molested by the Indians. Trouble was
caused by a herd of cattle which
stampeded, but otherwise the journey
westward was made without any dif
Eleven children were born to them,
of whom are living now Mrs. Etta
Burrow, of Rldgefleld; James D. Wood,
Portland, Or.; Mrs. Adeline Wood,
Athena, Or.; Mrs. Tabitha Cook,
About 15 grandchildren, almost all of
whom live in the West: six or seven
great-grandchildren and six great-great-grandchildren
are all living now.
Malcolm Wood. Mrs. Wood's grand
father, was a soldier in the Revolu
tionary War. Mrs. Wood, considering
her age, is in good health and often
helps her daughter about the house.
Passion Play Is Described
With Dramatic Effect.
Marfe Mayer. Who Played Role of
Mary Magdalen. Gives "Message
of tlie Ubcmmmfrgau."
THE "Message of the Oberammergau"
was most beautifully told Friday
night at the White Temple, by Marie
Mayer, who has had the distinction of
appearing in "The Passion Play" on
three occasions. She made her first
appearance as a child of three in 1890
as one of the children of Jerusalem,
again in . 1900 as the Angel In the
Garden of Gethsemane. and in 1910 in
the role of Mary Magdalene. '
In detail Miss Mayer described these
appearances and wove into her de
scription of the Passion Play an en
tertaining account of the life of her
people in the little Bavarian village.
Miss Mayer is gifted in dramatic un
derstudying, and her message was in
no sense a lecture, but took on all the
values of a dramatic enactment tShe
has personalty and magnetism, and her
bearing is extremely simple and dig
nified. She speaks in well chosen Eng
lish, touched with a delightful accent
of her mother tongue.
Miss Mayer told of her mother's ar
dent desire to play the part of Mary
Magdalene herself, but she was never
chosen, and with what rapture her
mother greeted the announcement that
her own daughter was chosen to play
the part in 1910. It Is the custom of
the .Burgomeister of Oberammergau
and a committee, of 19 men to watch
the Oberammergauers year after year
take part in the small religious dra
matic productions that are given from
time to time. In this way they ac
quire a good idea of those best fitted
to take the principal roles in the Pas
sion Play. Anywhere from five to
nine months before the Passion Play
takes place the burgomeister 'and the
committee take a secret vote for the
leading actors, and the result is given
to the town crier, who according to
traditions, goes about the village and
announces the elect. It was in this
way that Marie Mayer and her mother
learned of the choice of the Mary
Magdalene for the last Passion Play.
Miss Mayer dwelt especially upon
the religious fervor of the Oberammer
gau folk, and said that even though
a few might leave the little village
for a time they invariably returned
for the Passion Play. She spoke, too,
of the intense sincerity of the play
ers, and said that save for the actor
who plays Judas the principal players
live as nearly as possible the roles they
She told of the simple life of her
People their art in wood-carving and
their devotion to religious plays. Her
message was illuminating and inter
esting and instructive at every point.
An appreciative audience gave close
attention, and after the delivery of
Miss Mayer's message they crowded
about her eager with the questions
she had generously consented to
answer. This afternoon Miss Mayer
will talk at the German House on
Thirteenth street, near Main street,
for the benefit of the Red Cross Nurse
Portland Student Appointed.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE,
Corvallis, Nov. 6. (Special.) Sereno E.
Brett, of Portland, has been appointed
vice-president of the student assembly
at the Oregon Agricultural College,
following the resignation of Marcus
SIASfV PAY LAST TRIBUTE TO
BEAVER CREEK RESIDENT.
OREGON CITY.' Or.. Nov. S.
(Special.) The funeral of Will
iam Grisenthwaite, who died at
his home at Beaver Creek last
Wednesday, was one of the best
attended ever held in that section
of Clackamas County. Rev. W.
T. Milliken. pastor of the First
Baptist Church, of Oregon City,
officiated and the interment was
in the Beaver Creek Cemetery.
Mr. Grisenthwaite was born in
Penrith, Cumberlain County, Eng
land, October 20, 1865, and came
to Oregon 28 years ago. First he
settled in Portland and 21 years
ago came to Beaver Creek. Au
gust 25. 1890. he married Miss
Mary Hughes, the daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Edward Hughes, one. of
the county's most prominent pio
neer families. He is survived by
his widow, three sisters and one
brother in England.
He was a former state presi
dent of the Farmers' Society of
Equity and was a leader in the
work of the Farmers' Union and
the State Grange. He assisted
in arranging the state exhibit at
the Panama-Pacific Exposition.
if t V- t
! C V
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THIS WEEK'S SPECIALS
IKCVI Irs . . . . .
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All the above pianos are subject to exchange within one year, we allowing
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OPEN MONDAY. WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY EVENINGS.
Schwan Piano Co.
Manufacturers' Coast Distributors. Ill Fourth Street, Near Wuhlnirton.
Our Warranty Barked by 12,000,000.
The Store That Sells at factory Prices and Charges No Interest.
Hathaway, of Corvallis, who will de
vote all of his time to the duties inci
dental to his position as colonel of the
Mr. Brett has been prominent in un
dergraduate affairs. He successfully
managed the Beaver, the official pub
lication of the junior.class, last year,
and holds the position of cadet major
in the regiment. He is registered as
a senior in the School of Forestry.
MUSHROOM INTEREST SEEN
Fimgl Sent to Writer In The Ore-
gonian for Analyses.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON', Eugene,
Nov. 6. (Special.) As a result of ' the
series on toadstools and mushrooms
in The Sunday Oregonian, Professor
Albert R. Sweetser. the author, . is re
ceiving packages of fungi from vari
ous parts of the state with requests
for determination of species. This
eerMce is gladly performed and Pro-
fessoc Sweetser desires to give the fol
lowing directions for packing:
Dig up the fungus clear to the bot
tom of the root. Pack it in tissue paper
so thaj; it will not be likely to break
in the box. If there is more than one
specimen, pacjc them so they will not
roll around and break one another.
Letters of comment that reach" Pro
fessor Sweetser indicate great interest
in this feature. Some of the specimens
sent are edible; others are poisonous.
Xon-Sectarian .Mission Held.
ASHLAND, Or.. Nov. 6. (Special.)
A strictly non-sectarian gathering at
the r ourth-fatreet Mission is held every
evening. Ministers and laymen from
the various denominations lead the
services. Nominally planned to serve
the needs of the "submerged tenth,"
the meetings are well attended in a
general way. Material assistance is
Easiest Way $12.50
j - with our double-
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also afforded the deserving poor, and
for several seasons past the mission
has been a clearing-house for the dis
tribution of supplies to quite a number
who have applied for relief, including1
residents and outsiders.
PLAYGROUNDS ARE ORDER
Klamath County Boards to Provide
- All Schools With Apparatus.
KLAMATH FALLS, Or.. Nov. 6.
(Special.) Last Saturday 30 represen
tatives from school boards in Klamath
County met with County Superintend
ent Peterson and Superintendent of
Public Instruction ChurchilL in session
in this city, and discussed various Is
sues in school matters.
The most important result of the
meeting will be the establishment of
playgrounds and the installation of
playground apparatus at nearly every
district school in ihe county. All of
the school boards will begin immedi
ately to provide what is necessary, but
most of the boards have already passed
measures to procure and install the ap
paratus. This was done as a result of
correspondence Superintendent Fe.ter
son has recently been having with the
Religious Census Being Taken.
ABERDEEN. Wash., Nov. S. (Spe
cial.) The taking of a religious census
of the city was started here this morn
ing by the Pulpit Association of Aber
deen, which is formed of local Protes
tant churches. It is expected that
about ten days will be needed to com
plete the canvass, which promises to be
thorougji. each church having been
given a district for which it is re
sponsible. The figures will show what
creeds are strongest in Aberdeen and
also to what extent adults and chil
dren are participating in religious services.