The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 31, 1915, Section One, Page 6, Image 6

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THE SUNDAY OEEGONIAN, PORTL.ANT). OCTOBER 31. 1915.
El
.ALLEGED GERMAN SPY ACCUSED OF PLOTTING DESTRUCTION OF AMERICAN AMMUNITION SHIPS.
NITRA1
NDUSTRY
IS NEGLECTED NEED
Capital Awaits Encourage
ment in Laws Permitting
Power Development.
PRODUCT WAR NECESSITY
lulled States Produces None of
Commodity Vsed in Explosives
and Could Be Made Helpless
in Event of Hostilities.
OREGONIASKEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Oct. 28. While the Department
of Commerce, backed by the entire ad
ministration, is using every available
means to encourage American capital
to invest in the dyestuft Industry, with
a view to making the United States in
dependent of foreign producers, no part
of the Administration is showing con
cern over the nitrate Industry, which
commercially, financially and in a mili
tary sense is far more important. The
United States imports every pound of
nitrate used in tho manufacture of
ammunition and imports most of its
fertilizers as well. .
Time and again advocates of a work
able water power bill have attempted
to impress on the Administration and
Congress the fact that it the United
States should become involved in war
it would be forced to import all the
nitrate necessary to the manufacture
of explosives. An enemy country, to
render the United States powerless,
need only cut off its supply of nitrates.
It is a notorious fact that the reserve
supply of powder in this country is
woefuJly small.
Nitrate Industry Possible.
It has been repeatedly shown by ex
perts that, with proper encouragement,
a nitrate industry could be built up in
the United States which could supply
every pound of nitrate needed for the
manufacture of explosives and it like
wise has been demonstrated that the
United States, under a wise water
power policy, could in a few years cut
off all importation of fertilizer from
abroad.
With an inadequate Navy the United
states could not, at the present time,
protect vessels bringing nitrates to our
ports, and yet all the nitrates imported,
ttave those bought from Canada at
Niagara Falls, have to come to the
United States by sea and the Canadian
supply would be cut off were the
United States at war with Great Brit
ain. Moreover, the nitrate - plant at
Niagara falls is inadequate, in itself,
to. furnish the United States as much
nitrate as it would require should it
become involved in war.
Looking at the matter from a com
mercial standpoint, however, it is evi
dent, from official figures, that there
is mucn more Teason for encouraging a
nitrate industry in the United States
than for building up a dyestuff indus
try Dyes tuffs Value Is Less.
Statistics compiled by the Depart
ment of Commerce show that the value
of various forms of nitrates imported
Into the United States is three- times
the value of dyes and dyestuff s. The
totals, as gathered from official fig
ures for the past three years, give the
Value of imports as follows:
lilll 1014. 1815.
XyoB and
dyesturts.J1l.0fl1 ,000 1 0.526,000 $9,81 1,000
JJilrates . 35,130,000 34,815,000 i3,44,OU0
If the hope of the Department of
Commerce could be realized and if
America could, in a few years, manufac
ture all the dyestuffs necessary to
meet tho local demand, the industry
would, represent -an output of $10,000,
000 to Jl 1.000,000 more than the pres
ent output of American factories. Some
' dyestuff s-'are now manufactured in the
United States.
On the other hand, no nitrates are
manufactured here, although a recent
discovery by the Interior Department
is said to have solved the problem of
extracting nitrates from alunite, which
is found in large deposits in some of
the Western states.
Capital Awaits Kncourajrement.
With proper encouragement Amer
ican capital stands ready to invest lib
erally in tho nitrate business, epee-
cially in the west, and could that in
dustry be built up. it would tind a
market not only for $35,000,000 worth of
nitrates, in various forms, now import
ed from other lands, but for an in
creased quantity that will be made
necessary when the Government enters
upon the programme of preparedness,
which involves tha manufacture of
vast quantities of ammunition, along
with other things.
The present conservation policy of
the Government drove to Niagara Falls,
Canada, one American corporation
which had intended to develop water
power and manufacture nitrates in
Alabama. It also disheartened other
capitalists who have had dreams of
building up a big nitrate business in
the West; at points where water power
can be developed cheaply. It has been
abundantly testified before Congress
that the manufacture of nitrates, by
the electrical process, will not be un
dertaken in the United States until the
hydro-electrU business Is properly en
couraged. The Administration's an
swer' is is the Ferris bill. With this
glittering prospect in sight, the Ad
ministration prefers to concentrate its
entire efforts toward encouraging a
dyestuff industry worth less than a
third what a nitrate industry might
be, if given the same encouragement.
OREGON DAY IS BIG EVENT
(Continued From First Page.)
and California at every point. He
spoke of California's generosity.
"In early days of the Exposition
California piled up blue ribbons, ex
pecting to tie them to her own trees
livestock, fruits and flowers," he said.
"But they even let us carry most of
them across the Sisklyous."
He paid a tribute to the pioneers and
to "our blue-ribbon Governor of the
West."
Governor WIthycombe said it was im
possible to measure up to the glowing
introductions of himself. "We love
Oregon, we honor California." he said,
and prophesied: "The time is coming
when the Pacific Ocean will represent
the maritime activity of the whole
world and our ships will be laden with
the fruits of our factories, farms and
forests. m
Deep Impress Made on West.
"Indeed, we should be happy, con
tented, grateful people. This exposi
tion will have made its impression on
the West for all time to come."
Many prominent persons from Port
land were present, among them Charles
B. Moores, Julius Meier, H. L. Pittock
and Senator S. B. Huston.
Mr. De Young presented Governor
WIthycombe with a box of Jewels from
the Tower of Jewels, In place of the
custorniW y bronze medal.
' ' ' "
i ' ' v "i a T,
f'? rw4--iii1iiiiifiii.iiN.-i,.ilii.ill tftf-ifmnmi-finri-" r - .n--ftifri- Ar"-a-i-f.t- - " $i.i ii ,a-iainatanatfi ran Wwf A1 Sm&J: iflmtiMi.iilt,- hitftari '
- ' I
ROBERT FAY (RIGHT) A"D DETECTIVE) GEORGE 11 All It IT A, OF NEW YO
BOMB TRIAL TO WAIT
German Conspiracy Is to Be
Traced to Source.
EXPLOSIVE'S USE FEARED
Government Plans Investigation to
Determine Associates of Men
Accused of Desigrn to De
stroy Allies' Supply Ships.
NEW YORK, Oct. 30. Although the
cases of Robert Fay, the confessed Ger
man bomb plotter, and four other men
charged with conspiracy to blow up
steamers bearing supplies to the allies,
probably will be taken before the Fed
eral grand Jury next Wednesday, United
States District Attorney Marshall said
today the Government would not has
ten prosecutions.
"Fay's associations, his purchases of
explosives, experiments with bombs
and his sources of financial aid, to
gether with his previous standing in
Germany," Mr. Marshall said, "are to
be made the subject of minute Inquiry.
"Fay's arrest, after he had been
watched for weeks, was ordered because
it was feared he was on the verge of
making use of the bombs which he had
prepared," said Mr. Marshall, "but now
that we have him in custody the Gov
ernment will deliberately continue to
investigate all the ramif ioations of the
plotting, if there were any ramifica
tions. So far we have no evidence to
show that Fay acted on other than his
own responsibility.
BAN ON IN WASHINGTON
Sheriff Announces Intention to En
force Sunday Closing.
HILLSBORO, Or.. Oct. 30. (Special.)
Sheriff J. U. Reeves -his week noti
fied ail grocery stores, confectioneries,
cigar stores, garages and all business
houses not excepted by the statute, to
close their doors tomorrow. The notice
was given after the shrievalty had re
ceived several letters of complaint and
"I
OLD-TIME RESIDENT OK PORT'
LAND PASSES AV -V.
' .
'HI'
nrciirnTmi
Alphonse Lenoir.
Alphonse Lenoir, for the past
25 years a resident of Portland,
died at his home. 364 Fourteenth
street. Saturday morning after a
lingering illness.
Mr. Lenoir was born at Vitcy
Le Francois, Champagne. France.
March 5. 1S43. Brought up in the
center of the wine industry of
France, Mr. Lenoir at one time
was superintendent of the winery
on the ranch of "Lucky" Bald
win at San Gabriel. After com
ing to Portland jAr. Lenoir en.
t,aged in the family liquor busi
ness, but retired- ten years ago.
Mr. Lenoir leaves a widow,
Louise Lenoir and two children,
Rene Lenoir, of the engineering
department . the O.-W. R. N".,
and Mrs. Suzanne Miller, wife of
Henry Miller, of 'he French
Bakery Co.
the order was made upon the advice of
District Atorney K. B. Tongue.
There are many small stores in the
agricultural sections which have not
made a business of keeping open on
Sunday, but they have frequently
opened for a few minutes to accommo
date farmer customers. The order will
be an inconvenience to the farm dis
tricts. The cigar stores, confectionery stores,
garages, etc., have kept open Sundays
in all the principal towns since the
last arrest which was several years
ago and wherein a jury refused to con
vict. The Sheriff in issuing the order an
nounced that he did it because it as
law. The county has 600 automobiles
and the enforcement of the law will
mean a practical suspension of Sun
day motoring.
PICKFORD SHOW OPENS
"TRILBY" IS ATTRACTION AT RE-
- MODELED STAR THEATER.
Opening Performance Draws Large
Crowd Altered Appearance Is .
Neat and Pleasant.
Among the many changes that have
transpired in the local motion picture
industry during the Summer, perhaps
the most noticeable and notable is the
rebuilding and making over of the Star
Theater into the Pickford. Three
weeks ago the work was begun, and
last night saw the whole house com
pleted and completely filled. The
opening show was '"Brilby," which was
played by the new organized Kquitable
company as their first drama.
The Pickford is now considerably
larger as to seating capacity, and the
whole theater presents a very neat
and pleasant appearance. New loges
have been installed and the old seats
gone over so that only the best of them
remain. The rest are all new. Per
haps former old-time Star fans will
notice first the nobby appearance of
the lobby that is now all in white, with
red draperies and yellow flowers.
The old Star Theater had stood as a
landmark in the motion picture busi
ness in Portland.
After 7 o'clock last night tho'house
was so packed that it was difficult to
get in. It was a brilliant opening
night. A four-piece orchestra is be
ing maintained at the Pickford. I. C.
Christ, who has for some time been
prominent in local exhibitors' circles,
and identified with the Peoples Amuse
ment Company, is the manager.
MR. COLT EXPLAINS TALK
Realty Men Xot Referred To Partic
ularly in Business Address.
"In laying down the rule before the
Realty Board Friday that people should
mind their own business instead of run
ning around with chips on their shoul
ders, I did not refer particularly to real
estate men nor to any class in so far
as public affairs are concerned," said
C. C. Colt, president of the Portland
Chamber of Commerce, last night.
"Following the report of my speech.
some have construed it to mean that
I was advising the realty men to con
fine themselves strictly to their own
field. Such was not the case. I be
lleve all of the civic organizations
should take an active interest in all
public and semi-public affairs and
should express their opinions openly.
"But I do not believe the Individual
should meddle in the next fellow's Der
sonal business and worry all the time
about the other fellow's trying to 'slip
something over joii him.' Men must
have confidence in one another and
without allowing themselves to be
stunted by selfishness and jealousies."
CANAL RATEJS MODIFIED
Garrison Suspends Classification
Pending Investigation.
WASHINGTON. Oct. SO. Secretary
Garrison temporarily suspended today
classified freight rates on the Panama
Railroad, which steamship companies
asserted would force them to abandon
service between the Atlantic and Pa
cific coasts until the Canal is re
opened. The flat rate of $3 a ton fixed by the
railroad on the basis of the actual ex
pense of handling the freight and de
signed to meet the emergency and con
gestion caused by the closing of the
Canal by earth slides, will continue in
effect until Secretary Garrison has had
an opportunity to investigate the sub
ject. Chamber of Commerce Meeting.
Members' meeting of the Chamber of
Commerce, Monday, S P. M. Presenta
tion of. tue- Astoria rate case. Adv.
RK POLICE DEPARTMENT, WHO P
9 SPIES EXECUTED
Germans Uncover Plot to Dy
namite Railways.
WOMEN SENT TO PRISON
Kspionagc System Declared to Have
Been Widespread, Having Been
Under Direction of AVife or
French Army Officer.
LONDOIC. Oct. 30. Nine persons who
were convicted October 26 of espion
age in Belgium were executed yester
day, according to tne ' Amsterdam cor
respondent of Reuter Telegram Com
pany, who says this information was
received in an official telegram from
Berlin.
Ten other persons, .including three
women, were sentenced to pena! servi
tude. The correspondent's dispatch
follows:
"An official telegram from Berlin
says that in the last few days two ad
ditional important espionage cases have
been detected in Belgium and iMorthern
France. In Belgium 21 persons have
been arrested.
Dynamiting Conspiracy Charged.
"It is alleged that after having con
fined their energies for some months
to obtaining news by espionage and
sending it to France by way of Hol
land, they became bolder in September,
planning to dynamite railways tind
buildings, besides assisting persons of
military age to escape from Belgium
to France. Among those arrested are
four women, the principal charge
against them being that they were en
dangering the safety of the German
army.
"The espionage system reported -o
have been discovered in France is al
leged to have been managed by the
wife of a French army officer. It is
charged that she received her instruc
tions direct from the French military
authorities.
Other Women Under Arrest.
"Two other women are also under
arrest, and, according to Berlin, the
extent to which the system of espion
age is organized is Indicated by the
fact that the arrested persons figure
4 HILWAlKiK PARENTS ARE
SEEKING WANDERIKU SON.
-1 ' , " r
Dominies: Fellnl.
Parents of Domlnick Fellnl,
formerly a resident of South
Milwaukie, are searching for
thoir 17-year-old son, who has
been missing from his home for
more than two months. Dorat
nick is said to have been of a
roving disposition and never
contented with the sort of work:
that was outlined for him. He
was given several head of cattle
by friends of his family in the
endeavor to get him to stay at
home and "settle down," but the
friends' efforts proved unavail
ing. Dominick is described as be
ing undersized but intelligent
and polite. Any information of
his whereabouts should be com
municated to C. James Ivey, Mil
waukie. Dominick's father says
that he will not be responsible
for any bills that his son incurs.
1 I
Photo Copyright by Underwood.
1CKED UP ttEW LEADING TO AR-
prominently in the French secret serv
ice list."
The guilt of the accused persons, it
is said, already has been established.
Nine persons, the message adds, were
tried for espionage in Belgium on Oc
tober 26. All were found guilty and
were sentenced to death. The sentence
was executed today. Ten others, in
cluding three women, were sentenced
to penal servitude.
FARM SYSTEM IS OUTLINED
Klamath Agriculturist Urges Elimi
nation or "Losing" Cows.
KLAMATH FALLS, Or.. Oct. 30.
(Special.) In s, recent talk before the
Klamath Commercial Club, of this city,
and a number of farmers. H. Roland
Glaisyer. County Agriculturist, out
lined a work that he will undertake
shortly in the interests of the farm
ers, the system of farm surveys.
Mr. Glaisyer declared that in a few
months' time he expected to have the
co-operation of experts from other
localities and that his system of farm
surveys had great possibilities.
Mr. Glaisyer is endeavoring to in
duce the keepers of dairy stock to pre
serve a record from month to month
of the butterfat produced by various
cows and get rid of those cows which,
by the records, are not making money.
RELIEF PREMISED POLAND
Americans to Act if Consent of Al
lies Is Obtained.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 30. The Ameri
can Commission for Relief in Belgium
will undertake similar work in Poland,
it was learned tonight, as requested by
Germany, provided the consent of Rus
sia and her allies can be obtained. Rus
sia is understood to approve the plan
and immediate steps will be taken to
secure formal agreement.
Representatives of the relief commis
sion have discussed the question with
Secretary Lansing and other Govern
ment officials here. While the United
States Government is not officially
connected with the relief measures, of
ficials are sympathetic with the plan.
CHARTER MEETING CALLED
Oregon City Mayor Summons Elect
ors to Consider Measure.
OREGON CITY. Or.. Oct. 30. (Spe
cial. Mayor Jones today issued a call
for & mass meeting of the voters ox
Oregon City next Monday night in the
Commercial Club rooms, to hear the
report of the committee of nine, ap
pointed several weeks ago by the Mayor
to draft a new charter.
The work of the committee is com
plete and the charter is now ready for
the final arait, when it will be sub
mitted to the people at the December
election.
The charter, as drafted, provides for
New-Way Wonder
for Corns, "Gets-It"
The Big Surprise for Corn Owners.
It's Sure, Simple, Safe, Quick.
Listen to the wee story of "Gets-It,"
the world's greatest corn remedy. It's
a short story, only about two feet,
"Mary had a little 'Gets-It." and
corns upon her toe: and every time
StopMlwry snd Embarrassment Lifts
she put on Gets-It,' the corn was
sure to go." Mary, like thousands of
others, used to be a heroine, suffering
martyrdom, using painful bandages,
irritating salves, sticky tape, toe
harnesses, blood-bringing razors and
scissors! She says now there's no sense
in It. Use "Gets-It," applied in 2 sec
onds. Casy, simple, new way juet
painless common sense! Millions are
doing it. Never fail3. Tou can wear
smaller shoes now. You don't have to
limp around any more, or walk on the
side of your shoes to try to get away
from your corns! Tou know for sure
before you use "Gets-It" that the corn
or callus is going away. For corns,
calluses, warts and bunions.
"Gets-It" is sold by all druggists. I5c
a bottle, or sent direct by E. Lawrence
.& Co.. Chicago. Sold in Portland by
The Owl Drug Co, 21 stores on the
PaciliQ Coast. : .
Chesterfield
Suits
and Overcoats for the man and
young manwho would be better
dressed. The style is apparent;
The material, fit and workman
ship guaranteed.
Suits Priced $20 to $40
Overcoats, $15 to $40
Haberdashery and Hats of latest
style and best quality. Capable
salespeople to serve you. Will
appreciate a call.
R. M. GRAY
Washington and West Park
a business manager system of munici
pal government, such as is in use at
La Grande,
E. D. BALDWIN POLK GUEST
Secretary of Republican Committee
Pleased With Prospects.
DALLAS, Or., Oct, 30. (Special.)
Edward D. Baldwin, secretary of the
Republican state central committee,
was in Dallas today as a guest of Wal
ter L. Tooze. Jr., state committeeman.
Mr. Baldwin said he found conditions
here very favorable and from his in
vestigation feels that next year Polk
County would roll up more than its
usual majority for the National ticket.
Polk County is, in line with other sec
tions of the state visited by him, indica
tive of a general movement throughout
the state to return to the party of pros
perity. Mr. Baldwin will leave soon for
Washington, T. C.
County Pays $489,736 to State.
County Treasurer Lewis yesterday
made his final payment to the state of
Multnomah County's share of the state
tax. He sent a check for $489,756.14.
This is exclusive' of $31,230. which Mr.
Lewis was restrained by court order
from turning over. It goes to pay in-
Parents Should Know
This Splendid Remedy
Simple Laxative Compound
Helps to Correct Consti
pation in Children.
With all children there are times
when the-bowels fail to act naturally
ana it Decomes necessary tor tne pa- i
.Jmtn.t.. Path... !
tics and purgatives should never be
used as these agents afford only tem
porary relief while their violent action
shocks the system unduly. Mrs. Eva
F. Gaff. 617 10th st., Washington, D. C.
says that her little girl. Marie, had
been subject to constipation, and that
she found Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin
the best remedy because of its mild
ness, and now always keeps a bottle ot
it in the house.
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin Is a com
pound of simple laxative herbs, free
from opiates or narcotic drugs of any
kind, and is an ideal remedy for chil
dren because of its mild action and
positive effect. Its use tends to
strengthen the Impaired bowel action
and restore normal regularity.
It Is important that parents should
know of a dependable remedy with no
unpleasant after effects, griping or
strain.
Auto Truck Agency
Available
The Auto Truck is daily proving its worth
to increase and hold business for those who use
them. The business men everywhere are rec
ognizing this fact.
Agency for one of the very best Trucks
manufactured and a good seller is available.
Our co-operation is an attractive advertis
ing campaign. Write at once if you wish to
connect with a live organization. It's a money
producing proposition. AR 197, Oregonian.
TRUSSES
Ours are the cheapest because the best, fitted by experts
and guaranteed to hold. Seeley's Spermatic Shield Truss
usually closes the opening in 10 days. Sold only by
Laue Davis Drug Co.
Third and Yamhill Sts., Portland, Or.
TRUSS EXPERTS
terest on the Interstate bridge bonds.
Multnomah County's total contribution
to the state this year is 1, 182,012. 2,
le?s IS2.500 in brldsre bonds interest.
PORTLAND ASTONISHED BY
SIMPLE MIXTURE
Portland people are astonished at the
INSTANT action of simple buckthorn
bark, glycerine, etc., as mixed in Alder-l-ka.
ONK SPOONFUL removes such
surprising foul matter it relieves al
most. ANY CASE constipa .ion, sour
stomach or ' gas. Because Alder-i-ka
acts on BOTH lower and upper bowel,
a few doses often relieve or prevent
appendicitis. A short treatment helps
chronic stomach trouble. The Huntley
Drug Company, Fourth and Washing
ton. ANNOUNCEMENT
A CARLOAD OF" BKAUTH'IL
KNABE PIANOS
Including: Uprights. Grands and Players,
HAVE J I 'ST ARRIVED.
And Will Bp on Display, Beginning Mon-
day, Nov. 1. at the Warerooms of
THE REED-FREXrH PMKO MFG. CO.,
I 1nh nnd Stark SIk.
MARIE GAFF.
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin costs
only fifty cents a bottle and can be
procured at any drugstore. To obtain
a trial bottle, free of charge, write to
Dr. W. B. Caldwell. 454 Washington St.,
Monticello, III.
e ' V "i