The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 24, 1915, Section One, Image 1

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    80 Pages
Section One
Pages 1 to 18
VOL,. XXXIV. XO. 43.
Million Men Killed arid
Wounded in Month.
Allies Gain New Foothold,
- Nothing More, in West.
pnlparia's Entry Into War and In-
vaslon of Serbia Overshadowing
Events Berlin's Eyes Are
'f J j on British Cabinet.
BERLIN, via London. October 23.
'Special.) The month now drawing to
n close has been the bloodiest and most
decisive in the history of the world.
The long-promised and terrible
Trench and British offensive, which be
Kan September 21, is ended. At the
name time the fighting on all the other
fronts reached a climax. The result
has been that in 30 days the loss in
killed and wounded has exceeded the
terrifying figure of 1,000,000. There
liave been weeks of slaughter on every
front, and many of the rivers of Europe
are carrying crimson tides to the sea.
fearful Sacrifices L'navallinK-
Thoujch fighting is still going on
along the west front, the allies' of
fensives are at an end. Fearful sac
rifices netted the British and French
nothing but slight gains of land gains
without military significance while
the failure of the long-threatened oper
ations, with the enormous expenditure
of stores and ammunition by the allies,
leaves the Germans free to make
greater offensive efforts on the other
fronts, especially in Serbia, where they
re now hacking their way toward Con
stantinople. It is possible that the British will
be able to make another offensive
movement, but historians for all times
will devote many pages to the red rec
ord of this October, in which the na
tions doluged Europe with blood as
lavishly as nature paints the Autumn
leaves. ,
Battle Lines 20OO Miles Long.
The far-flung, corpse-strewn battle
lines are now more than 2000 miles
long. No census has yet been taken of
the tears and broken hearts here in
Oermany or in the homes of her allies
and her enemies.
The most terrible letting of blood
was on the Western front. Here two
thirds of French army and millions of
men. including one-half of all the
British troops and part of the Belgian
army, were hurled into the assaujt. It
began September 21. with four days of
artillery fire, creating such thunders
as the world never heard before. In
Flanders and in the Champagne, the
British and the French surged over
the cannon-torn trenches in the face
of murderous fire. liven the British
cavalry, more foolhardy than brave,
rode up to the muzzles of the German
machine Eunc, which mowed down
Koothold trained, Xoiblns; More.
Both sides used asphyxiating gases.
The French and British got footholds,
and no more, at the ccst of a gtagger
ii. g sacrifice of human lives.
In the first days of October the
enemies of Germany made a second at
tempt. Again days of artillery bom
bardment were followed by another
furious attack, but weaker than the
first and resulting in only slight
gains. German counter attacks tore
away as jnuch land as was won at
such a fearful price by the foe in the
previous assault.
Then came the third offensive, the
tConduded on F'ase t. 'olumn .V)
Two Families of Children Now in
Section and Enrollment Is
- Trebled In Day.
EUGENE. Or., Oct. 23.-(Speclal.
School districts in Lane County have
reported remarkable growth during the
year, but it remained for district No.
125, about 11 miles southwest of
Eugene, to break all records for growth
in a single day.
No. 125 at one time was one of the
promising school districts of the coun
ty. Finally the last family of children
moved out of the district, but a butch
er, with five children moved to his
farm Just in time to prevent the dis
trict from being abolished.
Since that time the school has been
conducted) with but five children and
all of them in one family.
Today the clerk of the district made
a hurried trip to Eugene and an
nounced that more seats were needed.
"Surely, you have enough seats," said
the superintendent.
- "We had," he replied, "but a new
family moved into the district this
week, in which there are 16 children,
and most of them want to attend
The seats have been ordered.
California May Warn Settlers TTn
less Situation Improves.
SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 23. Land
problems and the position of the
farmers in California have reached
such a stage that unless something is
done to remedy existing conditions a
warning must be sent broadcast cau
tioning prospective settlers against
coming to this state. Professor Elwood
Mead, of the University of California,
said at today's hearing of the State
Rural Credits Commission.
An estimate of the Commission is to
the effect, it was said by Colonel Har
ris Weinstock, one of the Commission
ers, that 90 per cent of the rural ven
tures within the last five years have
been failures.
British Warned Against Neutrals
Now Under Suspicion.
LONDON. Oct. 23. There -was posted
at the British Admiralty today a list
of 47 neutral vessels, ten of which fly
the American flag and a warning to
British shippers to be careful in char
tering these ships, which are suspected
by the authorities of being either
controlled by German capital or en
gaged in an unneutral service.
Any ship on the list which provides
evidence to the contrary will be re
moved immediately from the list, say
the Admiralty officials.
Chicago Saloonkeepers for Second
Time Lose in Court.
CHICAGO, Oct. 23. Saloonkeepers at
tacking the legality of the Sunday clos
ing order met defeat again today when
Judge Windes in the Circuit Court,
after listening to long argument, re
fused to issue a temporary injunction
restraining the city authorities from
enforcing the closing rules.
A similar petition was denied last
week by Judge Matchett.
Five Thousand Men to Be Sent
Through American Territory.
LAREDO, Tex.. Oct. 23. Permission
for 6000 Carranza. troops to journey
through American territory from here
to Douglas. Ariz., where they will re
enter Mexico, has been granted by the
United States Government, according: to
reports here tonight.
No troops have begun to move yet.
A it n " n -
m, ipj i x itvf ii j j ' i
Region Silent, Fields
Yellow With Weeds.
Refugees Are Only Sign of Life
on Old Battlefields.
Work Goes on Xights anl Sundays
and Involves Transportation or
Vast Quantities of Ma
terial Across Border.
(Copyright. 1915, ty the Chicago Tribune.
Published by arrangement.)
SOCHACZEW. Russia, Sept. 25.-r-On
a bright Autumn day I fared by round
about ways 30 miles to the west of
Warsaw and found myself back ln the
'triangle of death," where I used to
watch the field sieges last "Winter.
The triangle of death is empty now,
but more deathlike than It was when
men were dying there every hour. The
fields were white then.' Now they are
yellow and rank with weeds, for there
was no planting in the triangle of
death last Spring. The whole region
Is very silent. It is difficult to convey
an impression of the desolation, the
loneliness, the stillness that brood over
the scene. And yet, perhaps, I can
convey it:
Work of War la Done.
It is as if the land were a human
being that had been fearfully beaten
and left for dead.
The grim six months work Is done,
and the work that shall make the plain
smile again has not been begun. An oc
casional party; of refugees is the only
sign of life along the broad roads.
The triangle of death is tipped on the
north by the considerable town of
Sochaczew (population about .10.000), on
the south by Sklernlewice (13.000). and
at ita apex on the west by L.owicz 15,-
000. Its base is the 20-mile line run
ning north and a little cast, from
Skierniewice to Sochaczew. The three
points Sochaczew. Skierniewice and
Lowlcz are important both in peace
and war. and they remain so in the
present deathly quiet which is neither
peace nor war, but "occupation. Jience
they are well garrisoned with troops
and ane the centers of considerable
forwarding activity.
Little left Worth Guarding?.
But within the triangle - of death
there is not much left that is wortft
guarding. Its area bounded by the
20-mile line on the east, the 14-mile
line on the northwest and the 12 V4-
mile line on the southwest never com
prehended anything but farms and
sparse hamlets, and before the war
there was hardly a less Interesting re
gion in Polish Russia. On this country
side there was naught to arrest the
attention or touch the imagination of
the traveler except the little town . of
Zelazowawola, where Chopin was born
and the truth is that that place lies
a little outside the triangle.
But now this is historic ground and
I was glad to get back to It, though
the hours spent in it have been sad
ones. For I am again in the old Raw-ka-Hzura
line, which held for more
than six months from Christmas time
until late in July until finally the Rus
sians, threatened by Hindenburg on the
north and threatened in their rear by
Mackensen on the south, fell back to
their Blonie line, where, with the un
wearied optimism that makes them
like any place in Russia where the
Garmans allow them to tarry, they de-
r Concluded on Ta g , Column . )
t. ""7.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 66
degree; minimum. 49 decrees.
TODAY'S Fair, warmer; westerly winds.
James O' Donnall Bennett describes desolate
death triangle of Warsaw. Section 1.
page 1.
October bloodiest month In world's history.
Section 1, page 1.
Allies troops on way to Serbia reported re
called, to Salonika. Section 1, page 7.
Swiss hotel men have difficult lives during
war. Section 1, pace 7.
Sarah Bernhardt Is 70. Section 1, page &
President to be married early In November. '
Section 1, p&ge .
Conference fails to end - Arizona copper
strike. Section 1, page 3.
Oregon has happy family at exposition. Sec
tion l, page a.
Texas border citizens demand action to pro
tect lives and property. Section 1,
page 5.
Land 8 how.
Land Show exhibits are nearly all placed
for opening tomorrow. Section 1. page ltf.
Special days at Land Show are fixed. Sec
tion 1, page 16.
Forestry Service to illustrate work oy
models. Section 1, page 16.
Chamber of Commerce committees ars
named for special days at Land Show.
Section 1, page lo.
Oregon defeats Whitman 21 to O. Section 2,
page l.
University of Oregon freshmen defeat Ag
gie freshmen. iZ to 0. Section 2. page 2.
Pari He Coast League results: Vernon lO,
Portland 1: Salt Lake 11, Los Angeles
9; San Francisco 11. Oakland 4. Sec
tion page- 4.
Portland Oolf Club plans extensive im
provements. Section 2, page 5.
Interest in Aggie game overlaps all at
University. Section 2, page 2.
Six elevens clash in Spalding League to
day. Sectiun 2 page 3.
Aggies start East today to play Michigan.
Suction 2, page 2.
Beavers to send Derrick: to Vernon In ex
change for Kane. Section 2. page 4.
All Oregon Ur.! versity to take part In in
tramural basketball. Section '2, page 6.
All Berkeley is astir for Washington games.
Section 2. page 3.
Two Interscholestlc I-eague football games
due this week. Section 2. page 3.
Ritchie is displeased with treatment In
New York. Section 2, page 5.
Hockey shatter old contentions as to play
era' experience Section 2, page 5.
Yale, Harvard and Pennsylvania all lose 'on
Ea&tern gridirons. Section 2, page 2.
Pacific Northwest.
Politicians can't guess successor to Judge
Crow. Section i, page 8.
North Idaho after its share of pie. Section
lp page 0.
O. A. C. pen cinches lead in egg-laying con
test at fair. Section 1, page 9.
Indoor Instruction to start at Fort Stevens.
Section 1. page 9.
Congress of Mothers adjourns. Section 1,
page 8.
Automobiles and Boads.
Speedway promoter opposed to long races.
Section 3, page .
Year's paving programme completed. Section
- 3, page 9. ,
Roses spread fimt at Firestone convention.
Section. 3,. page 7.
Oregon has 23,33!J machines licensed for
191 ft. Section 3, page 6.
Auto day at show to be big event. Section
3, pac 7.
Real Katate and Ball ding.
Portland builders are optimistic over im
proved prospects, due to realty move
ments. Section 4. page 10.
Deals in property about city boom. Sec
tion 4. page 10.
Site offers expected to attract factories.
Section 4, page 10.
Commercial and Marine.
Three-fourths of Northwestern apple crop
disposed of. Section 2, page 15.
Chicago wheat prices break under enormous
receipts. Section 2. page 13
Stock market cpena strong, but - gains are
wiped, out by profit taking. Section 2,
page 15.
Japanese control of "Pacific tonnage means
rise In rates on American goods. Section
J, page 16.
French bark Ttene chartered here for grain
at 100s. Section 2, page IS.
Portland and Vicinity.
Provisional school budget calls for 10-mlII
levy. Section 1, pag 10.
Kiddies frolic and feast as Rose City park
Club guests. Section 1. page 10.
L. W. Chick, identified as suicide, and sweet
heart are reunited. Section 1, page 11.
First Auditorium working drawings arrive.
Section 1, page 3 1. '
Mlllt at-- highway plan to be discussed at
defense dinner at Chamber Tuesday. Sec
tion 1, page 12.
Mrs. W. S. Stoner, at Heilig Theater, illus
trates methods of educating children at
play. Section 1, page 15.
Houdini plans mid-aid escape from strait
jacket tomorrow in public. Section 1.
page 15.
Towns .along Willametfao Valley Southern
dedicate road. Section 3. page 14.
Trim of city budget to date $339,620. Sec
tion 1. page 14.
T. E. Burke returns from East and dis
cusses National politics. Section 1,
page 17.
Portland men to talk at Vancouver ' upon
future . interstate business relations. Sec
tion I. page IS.
R. E. Strahorn gets cheering news one rail
road problem Is solved. Section 1,
page lO.
rGTl 1Q6.Q
Farm and Factory Will
Exhibit Products:
Armory Building Is Center of
Big Exhibition.
Amusement Features Include Pa
rades, Bands and Special Events
for Portland People and Vis
Istors From All Oyer State. .
7:15 P. M. Explosion of aerial
bombs, fired from roof of Com
mercial Club 1 building to an
nounce official opening: of the
second annual Manufacturers' and
Land Products Show.
7:30 IV M. Opening; night pa
rade headed by McElroy's Band.
Parade will leave the Commer
cial Club building: promptly and
move throu gh the downtown busi
ness streets to the Armory.
8 P. M. Opening: exercises at
exposition. Addresses by Mayor
H. R. Albee; C. C. Colt, president
of the Chamber of Commerce; A.
J. Klngsley. president of the ex
position, and George II. Hardy,
executive secretary of the Cham
ber of Commerce. City and county
officials present will participate
in the programme.
9 P. M. Inspection of the ex
hibits by officials of the Cham
ber of Commerce, officers and
directors of, the exposition and
to 10:30 P. M. Concert by
HcElroy's Band.
During evening: of opening
night, and while the exposition
is in progress, a powerful search--light
on top of the Pittock block
will flash its rays over the city.
Once again - Portland becomes the
show city for the agricultural, indus
trial and horticultural wealth of the
State of Oregon.
It is becoming that the state's me
tropolis should at all times be the great
central bureau of truthful Information,
the clearing-house, so to speak, for
the exploitation of the products of the
factories and the fields, the forests and
the streams.
This is the direct purpose of the sec
ond annual Manufacturers' and Land
Products Show, which will open Its
doors tomorrow night. For 18 days all
may learn the lesson taught by live
geography, acquire an intimate knowl
edge of what Oregon can,' will and has
produced from its soil, and exactly
what the factory life of the common
wealth represents.
The industrial division will show be
yond question of a doubt that this sec
tion of the United States Is as great
in industrial and manufacturing possi
bilities as any part of the East or Mid
dle West.
"Know your state better" was the
slogan adopted by the committees early
In the life of the exhibition. One of
the best results of the exposition as a
whole is that Portland people, those
from all over the state and visitors
from the Northwest in general will es-
Concluded on Pace 16, Column 7.)
n . y ' - w ' s-pu t .x - - r -
i ;
Saturday's War Moves
WIDELY separated, though synchro
nous, diversions by the entente
forces on land and sea. designed
evidently as preliminary moves to re
lieve the strain on Serbia pending: the
time allied troops of sufficient weight
can reach the Balkan front have
marked the developments of the last
36 hours..
Italy, having confined herself for
weeks to local actions, isolated at
tacks and counter attacks, has launched
a general offensive along: the Tyrol and
Trentlno frontiers of - Austria; allied
warships, including Russian vessels.
have battered the Bulgarian ports In i
the Aegean and Russia has increased
the pressure on the eastern front and
by combined land and sea operations
has flung men and guns on the coast of
Courland, 90 miles northeast of Riga,
thus menacing the rear of General von
Buelow's army, which for so long a
time has been trying to take the Baltic
The news of this surnrise landing
is disclosed In th afyV communica
tion whi- " - lorces landed
i ne fact that a Russian vessel parti
pated in the bombardment of the Bul
garian coast is attested by a British
official statement and is welcomed
in England as an incident which
will dispel the Idea supposed to be
held by many Bulgarians that they are
fighting Serbia only, and not their
former ally. Russia. The Russian
southern fleet is locked in behind the
Dardanelles, and the only Russian war
ship in Aegean waters, so far. as is
know, is the cruiser Askold.
The Admiralty statement relative to
the bombardment speaks collectively of
"British, French and Russian ships"; so
tt is impossible to state the makeup
of th squadron. If Italian craft took
part it haa not been made known in
Russian participation, however, has
given stronger color to the recent
rumors that she plans the landing of
troops on the Bulgarian Black Sea
What progress the British and
French troops are making in their ad
vance northward to the relief of Serbia
is still well withheld and there are
misgivings in many quarters that
Serbia never will be saved in this way.
Greece's apparently authentic demand
that allied soldiers insure her safety
rather than allied concessions to ex
pand her dominions constituted her
ij price for aligning herself against the
central powers ana lurwey, carries me
implication that she regards the forces
landed at Salonlkt as far from adequate
for. the purpose.
Roumania's stipulations governing
her entry into the war in behalf of toe
entente powers has, according to re
port, ' narrowed, too, for a similar,
though more specific demand for 400,
000 allied troops to insure her against
invasion is reported. France. It is ar
gued in some quarters, could hardly
spare the men, and so th,e burden
would necessarily fall on Russia and
Great Britain, primarily Great Britain.
The King's appeal for recruits in
England has had a marked effect on
enlistments, according to the London
papers, and Its ultimate effect, with
fair trial of the Earl of Derby's plan,
may decide the moot question of con
That the berblans' position is grave
is the opinion of the British press. With
this admission there is developing
dally an increased rancor over Greece's
attitude, coupled with demands that
the allies do not allow her policy to
drift while there is a possibility of her
turning against the entente.
A Serbian official communication rer
fers to the presence of French troops
co-operating with the Serbian force in
the neighborhood of Strumitas. but in
none of the communications since the
beginning of the new Balkan cam
paign has the English been mentioned.
The Bulgarians though hampered by
bad weather, are driving further Into
the interior of Serbia while the Austro
German forces on the north and east
frontiers are maintaining: terrific pres
sure and moving slowly forward. They
have gained another passage across the
Dvina River near Visegrad.
Eugene Man Gets Clerkship.
ington. Oct. 23. J. Z. Holland, of Eu
gene, has been appointed clerk in the
Interstate Commerce Commission, as
the result of civil service examination.
Chain of Events Puz
zles Washington.
Escape of Interned Germans
Viewed With Suspicion.
Officials Divided Retwcnc Theo
ries, Involving German Activi
ties and Filibuster by j
Wealthy Mexicans.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 23. A tuigled
skein of - circumstances is perplexing
officials here, pointing either to the
institution of a new commerce-raiding
campaign by Germans In the Caribbean'
Sea or the beginning of a series of
filibustering expeditions against Mex
ico. The Justice, Navy and State de
partments have worked on the mystery
several weeks without result.
The departure of several sca-going
motorboats, the escape of German war
rant officers interned at Norfolk and
the mysterious mcvements of several
American yachts in the Gulf of Mexico
have baffled not only officials of the
Washington Government, who are anx
ious to present violations of neutrality
through use of American territory as a
base of naval ' operations, but also
agents of the British government, who
fear a commerce-raiding campaign -x
about to be begun against the tank
steamers which carry oil from Mexican
ports for use of the British navy.
Serlea of Clrcumatances Rioted.
The circumstances, which, official
believe are all connected In a general
way, follow:
1. The sudden departure of six in
terned German warrant officers from
Norfolk in the motor yacht Eclipse pro
visioned for several days' voyage.
2. The arrival at Buena Ventura.
Colombia, of the American ship Acad
emy from San Francisco, heavily pro
visioned. One of the owners of the
Academy telegraphed the Government
here that the vessel had no instruc
tions to go to Colombia. The captain
of the vessel asserted that he put Into
the Colombian port for repairs. Some
doubt exists as to the real Identity ot
the vessel, and officials have sent the
American Consul at Callao the reist.-y
number of the Academy and have asked
for a complete description.
Mysterious Yachts at Key West.
3. Two yachts the Alameda and the '
Ventura have been lying at Key West
for several weeks. Louis Vanhorn. of
New York City, who owned them origi -nally.
is understod to have sold the
Alameda to General Pasquero. The
Ventura was recently Btolen. it is as
serted, from Key West by "Mexican
pirates" and recovered by an American
coast patrol.
4. . An American sailing vessel called
the Two Sisters went aground on ant
Island on the coast of Louisiana re
cently, claiming to have come from
Mexico for repairs. Her status Is under
5. The American ship Zealand!. It ft
Pensacola. Fla.. suddenly at Dlht with '
a large stock of provisions n board
for Tampico. Mexico, and with several
Germans In her crew. The arrival of
the vessel at Tampico has seen re- -ported,
and an investigation will be
made there. An American flag, painted
on the side of the vessel originally, had
been painted out. It is said thi vessel
flew the German flag at sea, but this
has been denied by Jhe owners.
6. An American yacht, the Ethel.
Concluded on Face . :olumn 2.)