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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 17, 1915)
Pages 1 to 16
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VOL- XXXIV-XQ. 42. " PORTLAND, OREGON. ST7XTVAV MnitVTr. oot?x,
- - 1 C V- 1
ALLIES MAKE START
TO AID OF SERBIANS
Troop Movement From
BRITISH BLOCKADE BULGARIA
Wish Estimates 25,000 Austro
German Dead Alone.
NEW TROOPS POURING IN
Forty Thousand Bulgarians, With
Artillery, Attempting to Cut Rail
way and Prevent Allies From
' Sending Assistance.
LONDON, Oct IT. Allied troops left
Saloniki Saturday for the Serbian trout
at the erbo-Bulgarian frontier, no
rordliiK to an Athens dispatch to
Reuter's Telegram Company.
LONDON, Oct. 16. Fierce fighting In
the region of Dorlrn, near the Greek
frontier, between the' Serbians and Bul
garians has taken a turn In favor of
the Serbs, according: to an Athens dl
patch received by the Exchangee Tele
(rraph Company by. way of Zurich. The
first detail of 4.V ' German prisoners
reached Nish yesterday.
LONDON". Oct. 16. Allied troops left
Saloniki Saturday for the Serbian front
fit the Serbian-Bulgarian frontier, ac
cording to an Athens dispatch to
Reuter's Telegram Company.
An Athens dispatch to the Exchange
Telegram Company, dated yesterday,
"The railway administration at Sa
loniki was ordered today to prepare
seven trains for the transportation of
allied troops to Gievegeli. They will
start tomorrow." . .
Fighting favors Serbians.
Fierce fighting in the region of
Ioriun. near the Greek frontier, be
tween the Serbians and Bulgarians has
taken a turn in favor of the Serbs, ac
cording to an Athens dispatch received
by the Exchange Telegram Company
by way of Zurich.
The first detail of 400 German pris
oners reached Nish yesterday.
A dispatch from Saloniki by way of
Taris says that heavy cannonading is
reported around Uoiran, Southeastern
Serbia. The Serbians are said to have
forced the Bulgarians to retire. The
Serbians are advancing from Souvovo
In the direction of Stroumitsa. which
they declare they expect to take
British Blockade Bulgarian Ports.
A blockade of the Bulgarian coast
on the Aegean Sea by British war-r
ships of the eastern Mediterranean
squadron was put into effect yes
terday, according to an announcement
made by the Official Press Bureau. The
text of tile communication follows:
The Vice-Admiral commanding the
eastern Mediterranean squadron of the
allied fleets has declared a blockade of
the Bulgarian coast on the Aegean
Sea, commencing from G A. M. on the
Neutrals Have 4.S Hours' Notice.
"Forty-eight hours' grace from the
moment of the commencement of the
blockade has been assigned for the de
parture of neutral vessels from the
The strip of Bulgarian coast border
ing the Aegean Sea, against which
warships of the Anglo-French eastern
Meddlterranean squadron have estab
lished a blockade, runs from Saritcha
han. Greece, to Enos, European Tur
key, a distance of about SO miles. It
consists of territory obtained from Tur
key as a result of the Balkan wars.
The chief seaports along the coast
ConcludtU on I'at: 6. Column 1.)
RADIO DEVICE DOES
AWAY WITH TOWER
KECEIVESG APPARATUS IS 5 00
FOOT GKOl'XU AYIltE.
Messages Taken From Stations in
Honolulu Without Interference
of Static Electricity.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 16. A wire
less telegraphy invention eliminating
ti- 2 construction of the present towering
steel structures for sending and re
ceiving by simply projecting a wire
along the ground for a short distance
was announced here today by R . B.
Woolverton. United States radio inspec
tor. In collaboration with Palmer B.
Hewlitt, of Hollister, Cal., Mr. Woolver-
ton has been experimenting for months
with the new apparatus.
" According to its discoverers, the new
method has proved eminently success
ful in receiving messages from Hono
lulu, Sayville and Arlington, Va. An
absolute freedom from static conditions
has been achieved in the reception of
messages, but lesser success has been
attained in transmitting messages.
So far, only a single wire 500 feet
long, stretched along the ground, has
been used in receiving messages, but
experiments with ground antennae are
in progress. The experimenters assert
their invention will entirely do away
with wireless towers.
PIONEER IS NEAR DEATH
Mrs. Kngle, Sister-in-Law of Late
Mrs. Duniway, III at Molalla.
MOLAUA Or., Oct. 16. (Special.)
Mrs. Nancy Engle, one of the oldest
pioneers of this section lies at the
point of death at her home here. Mrs.
Engle's daughter, with whom she lives.
Mrs. Thomas McFadden, is also Seri
ously ill. In attending her daughter
and worrying over her condition Mrs.
Kngle became ill about a week ago.
It is a general breakdown caused by
old age. Little hope is entertained
for her recovery.
- Mrs. Engle is a sister-in-law of the
late Mrs. Abigail Scott Duniway, be
ing a sister of Mr. Duniway.
TYRANNOSAURUS ON VIEW
3,000,0 0 0-Vear-Old Lizard With
liirdliko Feet Is Unearthed.
NEW YORK, Oct. 16. A 'specimen of
the tyrannosaurus, 47 feet long and 18
feet high, was placed on exhibition to
day at the American Museum of Nat
ural History. It was unearthed on Big
Dry Creek, In the Montana bad lands,
by Barum Brown, a fossil hunter, who
has discovered several specimens of the
The tyrannosaurus is distantly re-'
lated to lizards, but has hind legs fash
ioned like those of birds. It roamed
through the great basins of the West
3,000,000 years ago.
CHICAGO DRY AGAIN TODAY
Reformers Prepare to Make Vigilant
Watch for Violators.
CHICAGO, Oct. 16.: Indications to
night were that Chicago would be as
"dry" toniorrow as it was last Sunday,
when Mayor Thompson's closing order
went into effect. Chief Healey indi
cated that the police activities would
be directed toward reporting violations
of the closing order to him for later
Reform leaders made preparations
for vigilant surveillance by the em
ployment of special detectives not only
in the cit but outside the city limics.
INDIANS IN CONVENTION
Yukima, Puyallup, Quiniault and
Xisqually to Elect Bishop.
ABERDEEN. Wash., Oct. 16. (Spe
cial.) A big convention of Indians
opened today at the Indian Shaker
Church, near Oakville. and will last
four days. Many great feasts will be
a part of the programme.
The Indians will elect a bishop, prob
ably Pete Heck, of the Chehalis tribe.
Anions the tribes participating are the
Yakimas. Puyallups. Qulnaults and
those from the Nisqually reservations.
SOlttE EVENTS OF PHIME
0v r?' TO
VAST WAR STORES
LOST BY RUSSIANS
Acres of Cannon Aban
doned in Flight.
SHOCKING PANIC IS PROVED
Trainloads of Shells Fall Into
WRECK LIES ALL AROUND
Fortresses, Highways and Pastures
Around Novogeorsievsk. Filled
With. Prisoners After Ca
pitulation to Enemy.
BY JAMES O'DONNKUL. BENNETT.
(War correspondent of the Chicago Tribune,
Copyright. J91.',,. by the Chicago Tribune.
x-uimsuea by arrangement.)
ARSAW. Russia. Sept. 5. That
Novageorgievsk day was a day of su
The wreckage of war lay all around
us. On one hand was the human,
homely, mournful pageantry of refu
gees, and on the other the spectacle
of whole corps of a captured army
streaming ' along the highways and
through the woods. In front of us were
the stately splendors of Kaisemarade.
which rises to "the solemnity of a rit
ual, and behind us the sky was black
with smoke rolling up from the pre
mier fortress of the great Polish quad
rilateral. Captives Keep Coming In.
In this mall dispatch I am going to
set down some of the day's incidentals
that I could not touch when I was trv
Ing to hit its high spots by cable. The
nrst Incidental was a prett fair sized
one. for it comprehended st matter of
Z0.000 prisoners .In one batch with
more to follow ail day long and tar
into the night. Of all the sights of tne
day the wheeling lines -of gray, the
fortress that was sinking1-into ashes
before one's evis. and the vilLazes
that were going up in flame I don't
know but what this one of the pris
oners was the most impressive, be
cause it was the most decisive. It was
no taking of a capital or of a, forti
fication system from which the de
fending troops had slipped away. It
meant the gathering in of the flower
of a whole army, and no explainer of
strategical retreats" and no coiner of
similar euphemisms can gainsay it.
ceiore 1 came on this trip, which is
my seventh to the front, I didn't be
lieve, because I couldn't believe, that
Germany was making Russian pris
oners In batches of 20,000, 30.000. 40.
000, half a hundred thousand
l'onlurri Full of Prisoners.
The fact is, that in Poland and Ger
many today the Germans have whole
fortresses and highways and pastures
full of prisoners. Where they had as
sembled them In the fields on each side
of the railway leading into Warsaw
the effect was overwhelming. It was
like the pictures one used to see in
the school histories of the United
States of the plains in the old days
when they were traversed by herds of
buffalo. The dull brown uniform of
the broad-backed Russians emphasized
It was strange how few guards were
needed. Sometimes one would pass a
quarter of a mile of fields in which
the prisoners were squatting or lying,
and ono would not see six German
landstrummers leaning on their rifles.
But perhaps the greatest sight was
the column of prisoners we passed
when we had made two-thirds of the
distance to Novogeorglevsk. The chaus
see (not an ordinary country road, but
a broad highway) was packed with
men as far as the eye could see. They
-.Concluded on Pace ii. Column .)
IMPORTANCE IN THE
INDEX OFIODAY'S NEWS
The Weather. -
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 71
deres; t.inlmum, 51 degrees.
TOOAV'S Fair, cooler: southwesterly winds.
: War. . . .
British blockade Bulgarian ports. Section 1.
Russians abandon enormons quantities of
- munitions on eastern front. Section 1,
Will Irwin raym conquered Belgians retain
native wit and humor. Section 1. pag 7.
France piles up gold: allies economize Sec
tion. 1. page 7.
Heavy artillery battering way- into EertV.tt
Section J. page 7. lAT
Many of victims of Zeppelin rt' o' .oin
terror and shock. . Section -se 5.
I. .!:.....! 1. r, : . " ...
trality vioiationsectiou !. Pge
Farmers advised to plant wheat late to avoid
iiessian riy. section 1. page 3.
Administration undecided how to ralsa reve
nue. Section 1. page 3.
Employers asked to aid National defense
- by granting furloughs to men for mill
tary training. Section 1, page 1.
Eighteen killed. 65 injured in wreck of
teacners train. Section 1, page 2.
Uuge counterfeiting' enterprise revealed by
arrest or two men. Section 1. page Z.
Peace Congress at exposition has air of
intensity. Section 1, page 6.
Liner C ;et Northern, on Honolulu run. t
mak t voyage in 4 Vb days. section 1,
New njdlo device eliminates need for steel
antennae towers. Section 1. page 1. .
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 4,
I .os Angeles 1: San Francisco O. Salt Lake
-: V ernun 3, Oakland.. Section 2, page 4-
Untversity of Oregon bedazzles Idaho with
ju-7 victory. Section 2, page l.
Interseholasttc elevens face acid test this
week. Section 2. page
Walter Franklin takes lead in bowling
leagne. section Z. page 4.
World's series In 1U15 sets pitching mark.
bection 2, page 4.
Rose City Athletic Club to start tugs-of-war.
section z, page o.
Michigan Agglcs turn attention to Oregon
team, section page 3.
Firm educational basis for athletics sought
at Oregon, section 2, page 5.
Golf tournament for doctors exclusively sug-
gesteu. section 2, page S.
Elimination ax Is hovering over '. '-caver tlm-
utr. section 2, page 4.
Harvard victory against Virginia outstand
ing feature of many games on Eastern
gridirons. section 2. page 2.
Washington State College drubs Oregon
Aggies. 2U to u. Section 2, page 2.
Multnomah Club - eleven swamps Seattle
team 2 to o. Section 2. page 3.
George Hardy addresses University class In
commerce, section 1, page a.
Democrats occupy center of Idsho political
stage, section i. page s.
Oregon City and Government arrange patral
of water project, section 1. paga 0.
Principals In Willamette tragedy are cousins
and much related In county, section 1,
Eugene students defy electrocution, plunge
patty in darkness and start near riot.
Section 1, page if.
Party politics and nominations agitate Wash
ington Democrats at Olympia. Section 1,
Armory at Eugene presented to stst. Sec-
. tloii 1, page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Movement of wheat from interior Increasing
- - rapiuiy. section 2. page
Wheat higher at Chicago, owing to rain de
luylng country shipments. Section 2,
Recovery In tock prices follows uneven de-
cunt-, section 2, page lo.
Ship Purchase Bill appears In guise of part
oi isauonai aeiense programme. section
'-'. page B.
Old project to cut deepwater channel west
oi swan isiana is revived. section 2,
Automobiles and Roads.
Automobile men divorce business from Trade
Association. Section 4. pago 4.
Million cars Is output mark set for next
year. Section 4, page 6.
Great future for auto Industry predicted
by Studebaker official. Section 4. page 7.
Real Kstate and Building;.
September building permits show gain of
tz per cent over same montn In 1914.
Section 4, page S.
Ills of apartment-bouse are argued. Sec
tion 4, page 8.
Big realty deals are hanging fire. Section
4, page 8.
Big deal reported pending in city realty.
Section 4, page 8.
Portland and Vicinity. .
Deal Is made by R. E. stranorn to build
railroad to Burns In Harney County. Sec
tion 1, page 15.
University extension courses reach more than
oOO students. Section 1, page IS.
City consigns ton of old records to de
struction to make vault rpacc. Section
1. page 15.
Mr. Daly cuts off Jobs of 42 men by recom-
mending machinery. Section 3, page 12.
Mrs. Balllngton Booth to speak here Tues
day night. Section 1. page 13.
White Ribbon visitors carry away logan
berry Juice souvenirs. Section 1. page 12.
Land Show plans almost completed. ' Sec
tion 1, page 11.
CJaffney's Successor Appointed.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 16. William II.
Gale, of Virginia, was appointed Consul-General
at Munich today, succeed
ing T. St. John Gaffney, whose resigna
tion was requested" because of unneu
tral utterances. Mr. Gale formerly was
Consul at Colon, Panama, but had been
transferred recently to Christiania.
PAST VVKKK'S NEWS ARE
EUGENE ARMORY IS
RECEIVED BY STATE
I SCHOOL TRAINING ADVOCATED
Governor and Senator Cham
BALL CLOSES PROCEEDINGS
$100,000 Building Accepted by
Adjutant-General White on Be
half of Commonwealth of Ore
gon From Colonel Hamilton.
EUGENE, Or., Oct. 16. (Special.)
Three thousand persons, their patriotic
fervor aroused, sent up cheer after
cheer in approval when James Withy
combe, Governor of Oregon, and United
States Senator Chamberlain, chairman
of the Senate Commute on Military
Affairs, successively declared vigorous
policies of National preparedness. There
was no half-way stand. Both demanded
military training In the schools. One
lounn oi the population of Eugene
roarea its approval.
The occasion was the dedication of
Eugene's new tlOO.000 armory, "the
largest and finest modern armory in the
s.aie, ana fitting that Eugene should
have it," said the Governor, compli
menting the city.
Kua-ene Has Holiday.
It was a holiday in Eueene. Th.
day was perfect; flags were hung
everywhere: the town was alive with
tne national colors. The streets were
packed as the Radiators, the nont
Artillery Corpj and the military band
escorted the officials. Including a scoro
of state and militia officers, from the
The cheer that had greeted the Gov
ernor's party followed him all down
the crowded street He sat In - th.j
rear seat of the motor car with Mrr.
Withycombe. and in the next machine
rode Mr. and Mrs. Chamberlain.
Many Officers In Party.
The National Guard officials in t-io
party were General an-d Mrs. Genrirn A
W-hite. Colonel C. McLaughlin xt
H. U. Welch. Major and Mrs. M. B. Mir.
cellus, Lieutenant-Commander ct u
Blair. Captain Henry Hockenvos. Can-
tain Clarence Hotchkiss. Captain L. J.
Plroni. Lieutenant L. Norden.
E. A. West, Lieutenant J. L. Man inn
all of Portland; Captain Staff rin. Dal
las; Captain F. P. Howell, Lieutenant
Roy Knox. Colonel Kills, of Albanv
Captain and Mrs. Frank Vencll. of
Roseburg; Captain A. J. Vance, of Med
ford; Lieutenant-Colonel B. K. Lawson.
Captain Leroy Woods. Cottage Grove.
1 he party also included the Flrdt
Regiment band, of Portland, compris
ing 28 pieces.
The gallery was filled long before
the opening of the ceremonies. A huso
American flag, more than 35 feet long.
formed the background of the stages
on which the guests were seated in
cluding Mayor D. p:. Bell, of Eugene.
and President P. L. Campbell.
Chaplain Klkina Offers Prayer.
'May this building develop that for
which it was constructed the ideals of
noble manhood," was the prayer of
Chaplain Willard Elkins, whose brief
prayer opened the ceremony.
The formal dedication was marked
by the presentation of a huge gold key
by Colonel Creed C. Hammond, com
mander Coast Artillery Corps, to Gen
eral George A. White, of the Oregon
National Guard, signifying the delivery
of the completed building by Eugene
to the State Militia.
'I believe that every American boy
(Concluded on Page 8, Column 2
GIVEN ATTENTION BY
JetiTtZSLY YEW To
Saturday's War Moves
TROOPS of the entente allies have
left Saloniki for the Serb-Bulgarian
frontier, according to a news dis
patch from Athens. The allied forces
are said to have started Saturday for
the Serbian front, where the Bulgar
ians are reported to be making prog
ress in their assault on the defenses
of the Serbians.
In the western theater of war a vig
orous counter attack delivered by the
French in the Vosges enabled them to
recapture all their positions on the
summit of Hartmans-Weilerkopf. ac
cording to the latest official statement
from Paris. The French also say they
have taken a small fort previously oc
cupied by the Germans. An official
statement from Berlin says that a Ger
man attack made with the object of
Improving the Teutonic positions on
Hartmans-Weilerkopf was entirely
successful, the opposing forces suffer
ing severe losses.
Roumania has Joined Greece in de
clining to enlarge the conflagration
in the Near East by announcing of
ficially that the Roumanian govern
ment intends to observe strict neu
This announcement followed close en
official German intimations that it was
time that Bucharest gave more delinite
lndicatons of Roumanla's stand. In
view of the latest developments in the
Balkans. . From a German source also
comes a. report that British and French
Ministers are leaving Athens. This re
port is discredited in London.
Field Marshal Mackensen, directing
operations on the Serbian drive, re
ports -the storming of Vranova Moun
tain, south of Semendrla. and of Smol
jlnao village, east of Pozarevac, while
Bulgarian. troops, pressing on the Serb
ian border to the south, are declared
to have forced frontier passes at sev
erii points and to have taken the east
ern forts of Zajecar, some five miles
over the border in Serbia and about 40
miles northeast of Nish.
Special dispatches from Nish esti
mate the Teutonic losses in the Serb
Ian campaign up to Thursday night
last as 25.000 killed and 60,000 wound
ed. It is declared in these advices that
a German army which attempted to
turn the Serbian right wing at Sc
mendria was driven into the marshes
on the Danube near the Semendrla
fortress. Heavy reinforcements for
the Germans In the Pozarevac section
are reported on the way.
Jreat Britain's declaration of war on
Bulgaria has been followed by & decla
ration of a blockade of the Bulgarian
ports on the Aegean Sea, a stretch of
about 80 miles, extending from Sar
ttchahan, Greece, to Enos. European
Unofficial reports from Petrograd
say the Germans appear to be on the
defensive along the entire line, except
that section near Dvlnsk, which, it is
said, they have been ordered to capture
at any cost.
Berlin, however, officially reports
Russian attacks not only before
Dvinsk, but at other places, and adds
that they have been repulsed. These
attacks were all comprised within the
army group of Field Marshal von Hin
denburg, which Is taken to mean that
the Russians have assumed something
in the nature of a general offensive
along the front of which Dvinsk forms,
a vital salient.
October 17, 18-14.
German advance on coast checked.
Gigantic battle imminent in East.
Dutch give aid to fleeing refugees
$750,000 LINER ORDERED
Contract Lot for American Steamer
to Ply From Coast to Orient.
SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 16. A con
tract for the construction of a steam
ship to cost $750,000 has been awarded
by Hind. Rolph & Company to the
Union Iron Works, it was announced
The new vessel is to fly the Ameri
can flag and ply between San Fran
cisco and Oriental ports. It is to be
completed next March. The vessel will
be 410 feet long. 56 feet beam and
have a cargo capacity of 934 3 tons.
be 410 feet long. 56 feet beam and!
BUSY TKMMlHCr lAHSTEtZS
ggOAT TJ C.IYY &uC,-r
TO AID DEFENSE
Citizen Army of 800,
000 Is Planned.
iYACATIONS TO BE REQUIRED
Security of Positions and
Earnings Is Essential.
TOPIC IS ALL-ABSORBING
Washington Ulscusses Scheme to Ob
tain 1,200,000 Trained Men in
Six Years Details of Navy
Programme Made Known.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 16.EmPloycr
throughout the United States corpora
tions, manufacturers, professional men.
tradesmen and business men of all
classes are to be asked to contribute
as their share in the National defense
permissujn for their employes to en
gage, without serious financial loss in
two months' military training during
each of three years.
This is an essential part of the Ad
ministration's plan for raising a citl
ren army of S00.000 men in six years,
which, with the Regular Army of no -000
men and 300.000 reserves, would
give a trained force, exclusive of state
militia, of about 1.200,000 in the event
Success Depends on Kmployers.
The 8UCCPKA tf Ih. .
nut. depends not on the appropriation of
ir us cost will be compara
tively small, but on the patriotic re
sponse of employers to whom an ap-
UfAl Wilt . .. J .
' ""J to turiough as many
men each year, at different seasons, as
they can spare and who wish to join
the proposed continental army.
Administration officials are confident
that, even though it is proposed to en
list only 133.000 men In th. .
continentals, or a total of nearly 800 -000
in the first i-r.v-.-
v ' ii igu, more
than that number would be attracted by
Uuluw me or a military camp if
they could be assund K-u- .i
j 'i employ
ers that their positions would not be
lost and their earnings seriously de
creased. Two Months' Service Increased.
The proposed enlistment- MnniH. . ...
months service for . . r i
and liability for service during the re
maining three years only in event of
The Army plans for mnr fhn i nnn
000 trained men in six years, and the
Navy's nrnE'rununn . . .
noughts and six battle cruisers within
five years, both or uhi.-i. ,.m
sented to Congress with the indorse
ment of President Wilson, were the ab
sorbing topics of interest here today.
Th nrnnnaA .. .
. i -iimy appropriation bill
will be 1182.000.000. or an increase of
t2.000.000 over I nut -..,.. i ..... .
the Navy Is -'16.000.000, or $68,000,000.
Defense Budget Is JM 00,000,000.
The total dernA hi. . .
r vj. uc.nj
S400.000.00O i. n in..
' .voij t ,Hlf,UUU,-
000. which, it is reported, is to be raised
loauo aim increased revenues
expected from a return tr trirr ...i...
removed last year.
Added details or th. v.. .... i .
- -' J frJM&U UC-
came known tonight. The five - year
programme includes, besides the ten
dreadnoughts and six hattio rn.i... c-.
coast submarines. 15 seagoing sub
marines. 50 rixqlmi-.r. 1 .. -
. j . . ... . c- viii cruis
ers and five gunboats. Two dread
noughts will be built each year. Two
battle cruisers will be built the first
year, one the third, two the fourth
year and one the fifth year.
mis o an was J v rt-om n-im. :n
I that the appropriations out of
(Concluded on page 6, Column 4.)
that the appropriations out of the