Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1915)
Pages 1 to 16
VOL. XXXIV. 0.
United States Soldiers In
Battle on Border.
ONE AMERICAN WOUNDED
Raiders Make Unprovoked At
tack and Are Repulsed by
Cavalry and Rangers.
ARMED INVASION FEARED
Force at Fort Brown Held
Readiness Battle Front
Is Two Miles Long.
BROWNSVILLE, Tex., Sept. 4.
Massing of Mexicans on the river bank
at the scene of today's battle was re
ported here tonight, although 'it was
not known whether there were any
Carranza soldiers among the arrivals.
BROWNSVILLeT Tex., Sept. 4.
With at least 10 known Mexican dead
and probably as many more bodies ly
ing in the dense brush, a battle lasting
lor nours between a number of Mexi
cans and 80 United States cavalrymen,
aided by a force of Texas rangers and
armed citizens, ended at 4 o'clock this
afternoon. One American trooper was
At 4 o'clock the Mexicans withdrew
from the south bank of the Rio Grande
and hid in the brush, apparently await
ing another opportunity to attack the
Americans. The battle was waged
practically the entire day, the two
forces firing at each other across the
Rio Grande at a point four miles west
of Old Hidalgo, Tex. The participants
were stretched out in the brush on a
battle line two miles long.
. One American Injured.
The injured American was John Sal
vini, private in Troop D, Third Cav
alry, who sustained a serious wound in
the left hip. He was taken to Mission,
Captain J. C. McCoy, who com
manded the American forces, returned
to Mission tonight. He reported 10
dead Mexicans could be seen from the
Texas side and that probably as many
more Mexicans had been kiled in the
brush by shots fired from the Texas
side. Earlier unofficial reports today
placed the Mexican dead at 25 to 30.
The number of Mexicans engaged
was placed at 40.
Three Crossings Taken.
When the fight ended the-Americans
were in possession of three crossings
between Mexico and Texas in the vi
cinity of Mission. Hildago is 64 miles
west of Brownsville.
The Mexicans made no attempt to
cross the river, but opened fire early
today at an American ranch man on
the Texas side of the border, and later
a detachment of cavalry ordered to
the scene chased back to the Mexi
can side a band of invaders who had
tiVtuludcd on Tape Column l7
MORMOX THINKS PLAN", KIGIDLY
IIM1TED, MAY BE NECESSARY.
B. II. Roberts, Once Storm Center In
Congress and Denied Seat, Points,
to Gravity of Situation.
LA GRANDE, Or., Sept. 4. (Special.)
That conditions in Europe may neces
sitate polygamy on a modified and
regulated scale, is the belief of B. H.
Roberts, storm center of a Congres
sional fight some years ago when he
was denied a seat in Congress after
election. Mr. Roberts is here from
Salt Lake to attend a stake conference
of the Mormon Church for Eastern
Oregon. Discussing the European situ
ation he said:
"One of the most undesirable things
in all this world, as also the most
dangerous to sex purity, and to social
and National existence, would be gen
erally legalized polygamy under exist
"The great European war now deci
mating the armies of men of the 11 na
tions engaged in it, is creating social
and National problems for the future
to meet which limited and carefully
guarded introduction of polygamy may
be found necessary to make good the
appalling waste inflicted upon all the
nations at war.
"That may come, and the nations
chastened by the awful calamities that
have befallen them, and more that shall
befall, sobered to the point of looking
earnestly upon the really serious things
of life, may rise to the height of deal
ing with such a problem in a spirit that
would be worthy of highest stateman
ship, but in the event of the introduc
tion of polygamy, polygamy could not
safely be generally legalized, such as
monogamous marriage is now generally
legalized and left as a state for prac
tically all to enter at' will."
OLDEST CITY EMPLOYE 68
Smallpox Hospital Matron to Cele
brate by Visiting Her Home.
Portland's oldest city employe, Mrs.
Ellen Tout, matron at the smallpox
hospital, will celebrate her 68th birth
day anniversary tomorrow by taking
a trip to her home at 713 East Ash
street. It will be her first visit home
in several months), she having been
within the conlines of the smallpox hos
pital near Kelley Butte since early
In point of service Mrs. Tout is said
to be at the top of the city list. She
has been at work continuously for 27
years. One time she remained at her
post two years straight.
WHALE CATCH ALREADY 340
Record Season of 4 00 Off Grays
Harbor Is Predicted.
ABERDEEN. Wash., Sept. 4. (Spe
cial.)A catch of 400 whales off Grays
Harbor, or more than has ever been
taken here before in a single season,
is predicted by Manager James F.
Brown, of the Bay City whaling sta
tion. Inclement weather alone can
prevent the phenomenal catch.
The proportion of sperm whales
taken has been large and catches are
being made dally. Four whalers are
engaged and the plant is kept in
steady operation. The catch to date is
between 340 and 350.
FIRST-CLASS MAIL GAINING
Portland Office Cancels 3,354,333
Stamps During August.
First-class mail handled by the Port
land Postoffice during August shows a
considerable gain. Figures compiled by
Postmaster Myers indicates that 84,393
more letters were cancelled at the Port
land office during the month Just ended
than during August, 1914.
Cancellation of stamps on letters
during August. 1915, reached a total
of 3.354,333. while during the. cor
respending month of last year the
number of letters handled was 3.629.940.
SOME OF THE PAST
TARGET IS SMASHED
AT 13.400 YARDS
Fort Stevens Mortars
Set New Record
EXTREME RANGE IS ATTAINED
Shells Are 70 Seconds in
Flight to Mark.
PYRAMID IN MOTION HIT
Succeeding Salvo Is on Way While
Broken Pieces Are flying, and
Lands Among Moating
Remnants in Water.
FORT STEVENS. Or., Sept. 4. (Spe
cial.) Firing at the extreme range of
13,400 yards, a mortar battery here yes
terday demolished a pyramidal target,
10 by 10 feet a the base, with the
fourth salvo of two shots. The fifth
salvo was fired In such rapid succes
sion that the projectiles were . on the
way while broken pieces of the target
were In the air, and the shells fell with
a splash among the floating remnants,
counting as another hit on the score.
Army Record In Set.
This record is remarkable in mortar
practice and is the rirst time in . the
history of the United States Army that
such results have bejn attained. At
the range used the target is Invisible
to the eye excepting with the aid of
powerful telescopic instruments.
The firing began at a range of 12,000
yards, the target being towed rapidly
out to sea by a tug. After the fifth
salvo struck, the command "cease fir
ing" was given at the battery, to per
mit the tug to return to the fort for
another target, returning to approxi
mately the same position before firing
was resumed. The sixth and final salvo
was fired at a range of about 15.000
Gunnery SKI11 Shown.
The fineness of the calculation used
in laying the mortars is Bhown by the
fact that at the range where the hits
were scored on the target the shell di
rected at the moving target is 70 sec
onds in flight from gun to target. The
battery was manned by the Ninety
third Company. Coast Artillery Corps,
commanded by Captain Leonard T. W'al-
dron. Lieutenants Gardiner and Lenzer
were in charge of the gun-pit sections.
Major Burgess was official umpire.
At the range fired the estimated
penetration of projectiles Is seven
inches of armor. The heaviest dread
noughts carry but four inches of deck
armor. The penetration of such a shel.
into the interior of a battleship would
allow its explosive contents to be ex
pended with terrific force within the
vital parts of a battleship.
Target practice with the three-inch
rapid-fire batteries at Fort Columbia,
Wash., last night resulted in 21 hits
being scored in 40 shots. The moving
target was illuminated only by the
searchlights of the fort. The score
was fired at the rate of 15 shots a
This rapid-fire battery is intended
for the protection of the mine fields
from cable cutting and minesweeping
and from attacks by torpedo craft,
Captain James Long commands the
Thirty-fourth Company, Coast Artillery
Corps, manning the battery.
Widow of Jurist Dies In lire.
BERKELEY, Cal., Sept. 4. Mrs. Mary
Montague, an aged woman of this city,
was burned to death today when a
stove overturned and set fire to her
clothing. Mrs. Montague was the widow
of Judge II. O. Montague, formerly a
prominent "Wisconsin Jurist.
WEEK'S NEWS EVENTS
.J roe? j "i small'! "WMSgm
SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 5, 1013
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum . temperature, 81
decrees; minimum, 59.
TODAY'S Kalr, northwesterly win da.
Teuton meet bitter opposition but press on
to.vurd Riga. Section 1, page tf.
Germany feared Balkan influence If relations
were severed with America. Section 1.
Ruth Wright Kauffman praise British for
high patriotic war attitude. Section 1,
Carolyn Wilson writes of how Americans
misjudge French people. Section 1.
. page. 6.
O. G. Vlllard assails German-Americans for
divided allegiance. Section 1, pa go 3.
Oregon University awaits record year. Sec
tion 2, page U. .
Reports on Governor Alexander's Interview
in East arouses Idaho. Section' 1, page 9.
Prineville boosters 'unite to promote irriga
tion. Section 1, page 8.
Coast League results: San Francisco &,
Portland -4: Los Angeles 6. Vernon 4;
Salt Lake 11-4. Oakland 10-2. Section 2,
Oregon Wolf gets speedboat title by dis
qualification of Oregon Kid. Section 1,
Bush loses pitching duel and Boston makes
clean sweep over Philadelphia. Section
2. page 2.
Oregon University football squad goes into
training camp at Florence. Section 2,
Lodell, ex-Monarch player, writes of his
team's success in Montana. Section 2.
Multnomah goes Into training for approach
ing Eugene xootDau game. Section 2,
Nehf, boy pitcher, twirls Boston Into second
. place in National LeagAe race. Section
2. page 2.
Bees' first Backer soars at batting. Section
2, page 3.
Ness leads In percentage of steals. Section
2, page 3.
Aggies in camp begin gridiron grind. Sec
tion 2, page 5.
Portland hunter bags six bears. Section 2,
Maroons will clash with West Side today.
Section 2, page 3.
Willie Ritchie declared in fine fettle on eve
or Lastern trip. Section 2, page 1.
Interscholastlc gridiron calls begin this week.
Section 2. page 5.
Robert A. Gardner, of Chicago, -wins National
- golf championship. Section 2, page 8.
Commercial and Marine.
Apple market fairly etrong for early offer
ings, bection 1', page 13.
Chicago wheat declines sharply on free sell
ing. Section 2, page 13.
Wall street stock market of holiday char
acter. Section 2, page 13.
Opportunity for trade In South America de
scribed by ea captain. Section 2, page 14.
Ship purchase bill still is cause of breach.
Section 2, page 14.
Real Estate and Building;.
Multnomah takes up new assessment guide.
Section 4, page b.
Realty deals for wek Indicate active mar
ket. Section 4, page
East Sid, realty deals important. Section 4,
Automobiles and Roads.
Senator. Langguth write of trip to Cali
fornia. Section 4. page 6.
Many miles of roads paved In Washington.
Section 4, pago 6.
Family proves long tour can be made
cheaply. Section 4. page 7.
A. H. Brown writes about his trio to Tilla
mook, beet ion 4, pago 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
Wife of Dr. Sandford B. Whiting, to fipht
divorce suit, flleB answer, asserting phy
sician would marry another. Section 1.
Portland is seventh in postal savings, with
foreign depositors leading. section 1,
Indiana visitor declares that state will be in
Republican column in l<t. Section 1,
page 1 2.
Electrical convention begins Wednesday. Nation-wide
prosperity campaign planned.
section 1, page 1j.
Architects report city auditorium can be
built with funds in bond issue. Section
1, page 15.
Visiting chemists see big chance for
.America's science due to European war.
Section 1. page 12.
Peach cooking contest conducted by O.-W.
R. & N. Co. proves great success. Sec
tion L page 14.
Incinerator Job applicants sift to 30. Section
1, page 10.
More pickers yet needed In hopyards. Sec
tion 1. page 16.
Ford Automobile Company vice-president is
visitor. Section 3, page lt.
Oaks prepares double bill for crowds of two
holidays. Section 3. page
State Ulologist ursea farmers to breed China
pheasants. Section 1, page 10.
Committees for Credit Men's Association an
nounced. Section 1, page 14.
Public invited to military field meet at
Clackamas tomorrow. Section 1, page 13.
Evening star Grange No. 27 celebrates 42d
anniversary. Section 3, page 13.
Picnics will mark labor Day observance to
morrow. Section 1, page 13.
Orpheum advance sale opens today. Section
1. page 3 3.
Rules for land grant conference drafted by
subcommittee Section 1, page lu.
South Carolina banker sees prohibition
looming In that state. Section 1, page lu.
Fruft auction advocates will speak at Y. M.
C. a. Section 1, page 10.
Cardinal Vaszary Dead.
LONDON. Sept. 4. The death of Car
dinal Claudius Francis Vaszary is an
nounced in a dispatch to the Central
News from Amsterdam today.
ARE COMMENTED ON
Y-JE" yAFGJy JrOfiZ.
MARTIAL LAW IS
DECLARED IN HAIT
Foreign Influences Try
to Block (I S.
situation n'7o Swiftly
France in Accord With Amer-
ica in Action.
ADMIRAL CAPERT0N ACTS
State Department Silent as to Cri
sis Which la Said to Have Been
Precipitated by Unexpected
Work of Agitators.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. Foreign in
fluences in Haiti working to block
plans of the United States to pacify
the republic and rehabilitate its
finances under American supervision
have made it necessary to declare mar
tial law in Port au Prince, the capital,
and practically all but two of the coun
try's open ports.
Rear-Admiral Caperton. acting with
in his general Instructions, declared
martial law today and explained that
his action was taken because of a situ
ation which was beyond the control of
the local government.
State Department Silent.
For reasons of international policy,
the State Department will not disclose
any of the information it has received
bearing on the subject. There have
recently been persistent reports of the
activity of foreign mgents. and so
marked has been the effect of their ac
tivities upon members of the Haitien
Congress and government that the
State Department found it necessary to
hurry its policy of educating the people
of Haiti to an appreciation of the bene
fits of American financial control, with
its protection against insistent foreign
France is among the largest of
Haiti s .creditors, her citizens being
said to have about $20, 000.000 in Haitien
national bonds besides large mercan
tile and banktng interests in the re
public France Approves Pinna.
France has not only refrained from
opposing the development of the Ameri
can policy, but Ambassador J usserand
yesterday assured the State Department
of French approval of any plans which
would result In the establishment of a
stable and responsible government in
The State Department did not at
tempt to initiate execution of its
Haitien policy until it had received as
surances that President d'Artiguenave
would be able to carry it through suc
cessfully and command the support of
the majority of the Haitien congress.
It was regarded as desirable that the
principle of majority control and of the
retention of power in the people them
selves should be preserved.
Opposition Is Unexpected.
However, after the movement was
under way and the proposed treaty by
which the United States was to act as
a protector for Haiti against foreign
creditors and set the report in order
was ready for submission to the Haitien
congress, signs of opposition developed
in unexpected quarters. These are said
to have been traced to foreign influ
ences which were rapidly extended.
Admiral Caperton had been fully ad
vised of the State Department's plans,
had received authority for their ex
ecution and it was unnecessary to
issue any orders to him on the declara
tion of martial law. It is assumed that
he felt the best way to check the anti
American agitation and Insure an ac
ceptance of the treaty - would be to
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 2.)
PICTORIALLY BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
Saturday's War Moves
WAR S activities still are mainly
confined to the eastern front, al
though Intense artillery fire is kept
up along the lines in France and Bel
gium. German troops are working near
Riga, yesterday's report from Berlin
telling of the storming of the bridge
head at Frledrichstadt. which places
the Germans on the banks of the
Dvina, about 40 miles from Riga. The
Russians had been offering stiff re
Teutonic gains also are reported
both north and south of Vilna, which
is another German objective. Petro
grad recently has claimed victories
here and declared an offensive move
ment was being successfully carried
All the Grodno fortifications now
are in German hands, with the Rus
sian forces which occupied the for
tress in retreat. To the south of the
fortress, Russian positions on the Nie
men have been evacuated.
Teutonic pursuit of the Russians is
continuing In the Bieloviezh forest re
gion and the marshes east of Brest
Lltovsk. Field Marshal von Macken
sen's forces have worked to within
less than 40 miles of Pinsk. where the
Russians were repulsed in an engage
ment, the Berlin report declares.
In the Dardanelles, Turkish victories
in minor engagements are ' reported.
Means for prosecuting the war are
being discussed by a congress of Rus
sia's representative men summoned by
Emperor Nicholas. The first session
was held yesterday in the imperial
palace in Petrograd.
September 5. 1114.
Aaqulth begins crusade to enlist
every able-bodied Briton.
Persia. Egypt and India may enter
One thousand guns protect Paris:
German siege unsuccessful, say French.
President Wilson asks Congress to
provide $100,000,000 revenue.
AUTO HITS BOY CN HORSE
Animal Goes Through Windshield
and Rider Lands Ir. Laps.
While John Bradley, Louis Edgar and
Leonard Wilmot were riding their
horses east on the Cornell road, west
of Cedar Mills, an automobile obscured
by heavy dust turned a bend in the
roa-d and struck the horse Wilrnot was
riding, lifting both bodily over the hood
of the car.
The horse's head and forefeet went
through the windshield and the young
rider shot over the heads of the occu
pants of the front seat and landed
head-first on the laps of two women
occupying the rear seat Except for a
bruised knee he was uninjured. Head,
legs and neck of the horse were badly
cut. Wilmot is the 14-year-old eon of
Frank Wilmot. who, with his family,
has been passing the summer at their
country residence on the Cornell road.
The automobile was said to have been
driven by L. Shook, who was cut about
the face by flying glass.
STRIKERS TO FIGHT ARREST
Skilled Legal Counsel Asked for Men
Held for Small Slot. -
BRIDGEPORT. Conn.. Sept. 4. James
E. Roche, chairman of the executive
committee of the American Federation
of Labor, today asked Samuel Gonipers,
the president, to send skilled legal
counsel here to take up the cases of
Tony Moskowsky and Steve Shusensky,
strikers, who were sentenced to Jail
yesterday for breach of the peace, in a
small riot before the Crane Company's
Mr. Roche declared that the men were
sentenced to jail within an hour after
arrest, that they did not get fair treat
ment and that the administration of
justice by the city court and the atti
tude of the police toward the strikers
ought to be inquired into. The two
men took an appeal today and furnished
bonds of $1000 each.
Strike Declared Orf.
DUNKIRK, N. Y.. Sept. 4. The strike
of 800 machinists of' the Brooks plant
of the American Locomotive Company,
which has been in effect since last
Monday, was declared off today.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
POWER FROM SOOTH
1916 Convention Ap
DELEGATES REDUCED BY 79
New York May Lose 2 More.
Others All From South.
WEST KEEPS ITS STRENGTH
Under New Arrangements 4 95 or
Possibly 494 Will Constitute
Majority Accessary to Nomi
nate for Presidency.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. (Special.)
When the next Republican National
convention meets in June. 1916. there
will be 995 delegates. 79 fewer than
there were in the 1912 convention. It
is possible that there will be a still
further reduction of two delegates, be
cause it has not been accurately deter
mined whether New York, under the
new apportionment, is entitled to the
90 which It had in 1912 or to SS. Six
delegates are not entitled to vote. Tho
details of the new apportionment have
just been made public.
The majority necessary to nominate
in 1916 will be 495. or possibly iSi, as
compared with 540 in 1912. If 'ew
York's representation in the conven
tion is not reduced, the entire decrep.se
In the number of delegates will fall
upon the solid South. Nevertheless, the
South is likely to be an important fac
tor in choosing the Presidential nom
inee. Votes In l!(OS and WIS Counted.
The scheme of apportionment adopt
ed by the Republican National conven
tion provides for one delegate for each
Congressional district and an addi
tional delegate for each district in
wjiich the vote for Congressman in
1912 or the vote for Taft in 1908 was
7500 or more.
Those states which are known as the
solid South because of their long rec
ord of always returning Democrats to
office will have a total of 151 votes in
the convention. They are Alabama.
Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana.
Mississippi. North Carolina, South Caro
lina. Texas and Virginia.
The states of Kentucky. Tennesson
and West Virginia, which have more
than once slipped out of the Liemo
cratic column, will have 63 delegates,
bringing the total of the Southern
states up to S14.
West Outvotes South.
Compared with this, however, the
Western states, comprising Arizona,
California. Colorado. Idaho. Kansas,
Missouri. Nebraska, Montana. Nevada.
New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma.
Oregon. South Dakota, Utah. Washing
ton and Wyoming, will have together a
total of 222 delegates.
Their vote will more than offset that
of the solid South, and in most of those
Western states the delegates will be
Instructed how to vote by Presidential
The system of choosing delegates in
the South has not been changed, and
the old convention methods will pre
vail, with all the opportunity it affords)
for the selection of "mercenaries."
Many Districts Cloe.
From statistical data obtained from
the 1914 Congressional elections, the
Republican Congressional committee
has prepared some interesting tables
on the cloceness of the vote In some
It was shown, for instance, that there
are 32 Congressional districts in which
a change in the popular vote of from
33 to 969 would have elected 32 addi
tional Republicans and changed the po-
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 2.)
S?oo T-O-A.LL-FV1. yy VlAYO?K
www t w.'r t ir it '