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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1915)
TIIE ' SUXDAY OKEGOMAN, PORTLAND, JULY 18, 1915.
OF FRUIT HARMFUL
Commission Sales in Boston
Shown to Have Hurt Pa
AUCTION IS HELD REMEDY
Statistics Show That, Despite Great
Increase in Yield and low Prices,
Hub Oity Used Same Amount
of Apples as in Lean Years.
According to fig-urea given out by the
Boston Produce Exchange 360 cars of
Northwestern apples were sold In Bos
ton In the year from June 1, 1914, to
June 1, 1915. The startling fact is dis
closed that, despite the tremendous in
crease in the output of apples by Ore
con, Washington and Idaho, there has
been no increase in the consumption of
boxed apples in the Hub City in the last
In 1911-1912 870 cars of Northwestern
apples were used by Boston; just 10
carloads more than were used in the
year ending with June 1, 1915. These
numbers indicate that not only has
there been no growth in the consump
tion of boxed apples, but also that the
demand baa not been flexible. The tre
mendous crop of last Fall, with result
ing low prices, did not cause more
apples to be used by the people of
lioston than were used in preceding
years when the output was less and the
Private Sale System Blamed.
Cutler B. Downer, of H. Harris & Co,
lays the responsibility upon the pri
vate sales system of selling apples. All
the fruits shipped to Boston from the
Facific Coast, except the apples, are
cold through the daily frutt auctions.
Consequently, many of the fruit buyers
deal in the kinds of fruit that are sold
at the auctions and do not bother about
The few jobbers who now handle the
apples at private sale must bear all the
responsibility of boosting the consump
tion of apples. The 200 or 300 buyers
who attend the auctions speculate in
the fruits sold there, but do not buy
more apples as a rule than they have
present demand for, if they deal in
apples at all. They do not feel that
they have an equal opportunity to make
a profit from speculating in apples, be
cause they know that the jobbers are
on the inside track. The commission
houses that buy of the apple jobbers
become "bears" and attempt to hold
down the price, because they are only
Interested in buying apples, having none
Auctions Divide Burden.
jr. B. Fletcher, who has been the
Boston agent of the California Fruit
Distributors and its predecessors for 13
years, says; "Different from the pri
vate selling system, the auction method
divides the responsibility. It places the
fruit In the hands of hundreds instead
of a few.- Where the apples are held
back by the Jobber to maintain a fic
titious value, there is danger of the
consumption falling off and of that par
ticular kind of fruit becoming a drug
upon the market."'
The charge that the inflexibility of
the Boston market is due to the manip
ulation of the apple jobbers and to the
handicap of the private selling system
of apples under which they operate, is
borne out by the conditions in England,
where all of the American apples that
are shipped across the water are sold
at public sale by the auction companies.
According to the figures given out by
the Terhune Shipping Agency of New
York on April 3, 1913. a third more
apples were shipped to England during
last season while the European war was
in progress than were sent to all of
Europe in the preceding year. Alto
gether 2.648.101 barrels of apples were
chipped during last season, as compared
with 1.769.387 barrels shipped in the
preceding year, when all of Europe was
Demand in England Increase.
The fact that there was a tremendous
crop of apples in the United States and
Canada expressed itself through the
auction system of selling by a greatly
stimulated demand on the part of the
people of England. ,
The figures obtained at the offices of
the California Fruitgrowers" Exchange,
the Florida Citrus Exchange and the
California Fruit Distributors, further
substantiate the charge that the apples
of the Pacific Northwest are not being
boosted among the people of Boston as
are the other fruits from the Pacific
Coast, ail of which are sold at auction.
Up to 1906 the amount of oranges
cold in Boston by the California grow
ers showed a gradual Increase, varying
with crop conditions. At that time the
competition of the Florida growers, who
had replanted their orchards after the
CHANGING LIGHTS GIVE
GREEK TRAGEDY THRILL
Little Theater Players, of Chicago, Will Introduce Marvelous Color Effect
to Intensify Scenes in "Trojan "Women" at Heilijr. This Week.
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TO CONTINUE OUR GREAT SACRIFICE
SALE FOR ANOTHER WEEK
WE HAVE RECEIVED ORDERS FROM OUR NEW YORK OFFICE TO CONTINUE THIS GREAT MONEY
SAVING SALE. THEY ARE SENDING EXTRA HEAVY SHIPMENTS OF FALL AND WINTER CLOTHES
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IGHT in an infinite variety plays
a marvelous part in the produc
tion of the Greek tragedy of "The
Trojan Women," which is to be played
on Monday and Tuesday evenings at
the Meilig Theater.
For the first time in the West, the
use of suffused lights and color ef
fects as gained through lighting is to
be shown in this play by the Chicago
Little Theater Company. For those
who are not familiar with this latest
method of adding to the hypnotizing
influence of the drama, a revelation
In darkness the play begins; a faint,
lamenting voice is heard, then a gray
dawn comes gradually, shot with
shafts of pale light. The light in
creases: the craeked and jagged walls
of Troy come faintly into view, and
in the great central gap the mourning
figure of Hecuba is discerned. Behind
is a plain curtain on which, by vary
ing lights and shadows, is depicted the
tragic passage of the dreadful day.
closing in thick dark hops which follows
the red glare of the burning city.
The ligtitH. throughout the 90 min
utes of tragic happening, are never
vivid, never direct, yet there Is an
intensity in the gloom , which thrills
In a marvelous purplish half light
Andromache is parted from her child;
shadows veil the corners from wjlch
come the lamenting voices of women.
In an increasing whiteness of light
Helen - in her rose-colored draperies
comes, and thus, among the somber
robed, dim-shadowed. grief-stricken
women, is lier alien quality emphasized.
Each beautiful grief-filled line. Im
pressively intoned by the players, each
woeful situation, each dramatic devel
opment, is by these wonderfully manip
ulated lights intensified, even as the
artistic sense is gratified and soothed.
disastrous freeze of 1895, began to be
felt. Since 1908 the California shippers
have held their own. The figures of
the year ending 1914 show that 1400
more cars were sold that year than in
the preceding year, when California had
a small crop because of a freeze. This
variance in the - amount of oranges
consumed indicates that the demand
through the auction system is flexible.
Since the year of 1910-1911 the amount
of Florida oranges sold through the
auction has increased S00 per cent.
About 10 or 1G per cent of the Florida
oranges that are shipped to Boston are
still sold at private sale.
The increase in the consumption of
deciduous fruits from California by Bos
ton and tributary districts is 100 per
cent between 1914 and 1907. These, also,
are sold through the auctions.
California hiu 110 reservoirs for hydro
electric purposes with a storaga capacity of
M5.7S0.0oO.0O0 gallons of water.'
HOMES FOR MANY FOUND
Board of I'onr to Decide- Questions
in Juvenile Court Department.
A board of four hereafter will decide
all questions arising in the new home
seeking department of Juvenile Court.
This board will consist of Judge Clee-
ton; Sam white, superintendent of the
Frazer Home: Mrs. Margaret Thoro
man. and an outside member yet to be
Mrs. Tnoroman. head of the depart
ment, said yesterday that since she
began her work June 1. her duties
have increased to such an extent that
a board is necessary to decide some
of the questions which arise. Her ef
forts have brought the population of
the Frazer home to a smaller number
than has been known for several years.
VIEW OF ATHLETIC FIELD AT REED COLLEGE CONVERTED INTO PUBLIC PLAYGROUND FOR t
i THE SUMMER. . t
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t SCHOOL CAJIP1
Remember the "ILAND"
Guarantees and Stands
Back of Every Garment
The ensation of the year, caused by the backward
eason and our determination not to carry over to
next year a single Suit, but to sacrifice everything
in the house in order to
make room for new Fall
Roods. Remember, "Hand
Clothe" at regular prices
are equal to other sell
In g for Five to Ten Dol
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FOR 30 DAYS
STUDY IS IDE EASY
Matlick Tellurian Shows Posi
tions of Planets.
PROBLEMS CAN BE WORKED
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VITH TEXMS COIBTS, BASEBALL FIELD. RINMNU TRACK 'AND GVMXASII M
DK1SG EXJOYED BY I-IBLIC.
The large athletic field at Reed College has been turned over to the city as a public plavground and ath
letic field during the Summer months. With G. H. Oberteuffer In charge of the mens part and Miss
Adela Brault In charge of the part for women, the field is attracting large crowds daily. It is open to the
public, and includes six tennis courts, a baseball field, a quarter-mile running tracH and a gymnasium.
New Device, on Exhibition Here,
Explains Solar Phenomena at a
Olance May Be Set for Any
Ilour of Any Tny and "fear.
The little boy who complained "In
Summer when I want to play I have to
go to bed by day would understand
why that was so if he could only aee the
Matlick Tellurian. Anybody wnoisnasy
mentally in regard to the reason for
the days being longer In Summer than
they are In winter can have tha men
tal haze cleared away by visiting room
507 Morgan building and seeing one of
tl ; free demonstrations or the MatilcK
Not only will tha visitor compre
hend this solar phenomena, but he will
so be able to understand why It Is
that the earth's axis Is always Inclined
away from the vertical, why eclipses
don't occur twice a month, -nd why It
Is colder in Portland when the earth
is nearer the sun than It Is when the
earth Is as far away from the aun aa
it can get. I-lttle problems like the
high tide thst follows the full moon
d the puscling fact that on side of
the moon Is always hidden from us.
will also be cleared up by a little ob
servation and study of this same Mat
'What Is tha Tellurian? It Is a me
chanical model of that part of the solar
system tnat concerns tne eartn. moon
and sun. It la a model that Is accurate
and that moves exactly aa do the larger
solar bodies which it shows In minia
ture. It Is an invention that has ap
plied simple mechanics to tha study of
the natural science. So perfect is it
In Its detail that It cannot make a mis
take any mora than can an adding ma
The Tellurian Is designed to visual
ize for students of natural science the
movements of the earth and moon
about each other and about the sun.
It Is composed of a conventional geo
graphical globe, shoSring the principal
features of the earth's surface, a model
of the moon that revolves In a correct
orbit about It; and an arm that swings
both moon rl earth about a central
sun. exactly as Is done In the solar
system. While movements of the bodies
are correctly shown In all their intrl
cate detail: while the earth revolves
Just 1654 times In one of Its journeys
about the sun: the whole affair Is so
compact that It occupies less room
than at the top of an average office
desk, and it may be moved about
readily as an adding machine or
Colleges Have Adopted Device.
Leading educators and astronomers
of the United States have passed fa
vorable opinions upon the Tellurian
and many universities and colleges
have Included the device In their labor
.tory equipment. The machine Is
used to simplify and visualize the solar
movements In classroom and make pos
slble the demonstration of almost any
problem that may come up In the
course of the study of astronomy
physics or natural science and should
be included In the equipment of every
schoolroom In America.
Perhaps the most striking feature of
the Teilurlan is that it may he set for
any hour In any day of any year, and
will correctly show the relative posi
that time: and it may ha operated
either ahead or backwards, so as to
show the changes to any other data se
lected. The device may be used to fig
ure out in advance the time of the oc
currence of any eclipse; It will show
tha data on which changes of the moon
occur, or It will correctly show at what
hour the sun will rise or set at any
given point on tbe earth's surface at
any time desired.
in the classroom the Tellurian may
be used by the teacher to simplify the
explanation of the action of the tides,
the' changes In time between different
points, the causes of eclipses, the rea
sons for the alteration of climate, the
changes in the length of day and
night and the thousand and one things
that are but little understood by peo
ple who have had to memoriae mere
rules as the explanation of natural
solar and lunar phenomena.
YOUNG BAPTISTS VISIT
HO1KBOC.D ILLINOIS DKI.EliATES
MILK INSPECTION ASSURED
Iinnton and St. Johns Dairymen
Must Observe. Ordinances.
Plans wera completed yesterday for
the strict enforcement In Linnton and
St. Johns of the provisions of the milk
inspection ordinance of Portland. In
spectors will be sent to the two die
trlcts to require all dairies and milk
dealers to make sanitary improve
ments required by the ordinance, and
samples of milk will be taken from all
dairies at Intervals to see that there Is
no watering of milk and that the sup
ply measures up to the city's standard
Virtually all of the milk supply of
the two places Is said to be delivered
by dealers having one and two cows.
so Inspection will be difficult in the
BRIDGE WILL BE RAISED
North Bank (load to Bear Half Kx
pene of TCnlon Avenue Work.
Bids will be opened by the city to
morrow for raising the t nion-avenue
bridge over fSlUivan's Gulch. Part of
tha cost will be borne by tbe city and
the rest by the North Bank Railway.
The railway's responsibility for part
of tbe cost is due to the fill made by
the company, near the piers, which, it
Is said, was largely responsible for the
The bridge recently was redecked.
The raising of the piers will put it In
flrst-claaa condition. The bridge will
be closed while work Is under way. It
will probably be several days before
the contract Is awarded.
rorllaad I'nlon la Hast aat Trip
Cooaell Crrat a ad far HI- Ir
Itriaar mad Picnic.
One of the most enthusiastic delega
tions that has recently vlaited Portland
was the Illinois Baptist Toung People's
Union, that arrived at 5:30 Wednesday
from the convention at San Francisco
and left at midnight for Seattle and the
east. The visitors were met by a dele
gation from the Portland Baptist Young
People's Vnton led by E. H. Kunyon.
Immediately on their arrival the dele-
K. M. Harare. TLeaaer la ae Port
laad llaptlst obbt People's
of which Miss Jrsnle Cray was chair
man. A baked salmon dinner was the
Kift of the Chamber of Commerce.
llarley Halcran. president of the
Portland Baptist Young Peoples Union
and toastmaatvr for the affair, wel
comed the giiects.
Looking down 11J0 fret to the rftv.
almost hidden in the fog. a delegate
from Illinois gave vent to poetic nraisn
of "the wonderful valley spangled with
diamonds." while a laconic Mia anna n
remarked. "After the trip ud. the Pa
cific Ocean has fallen in my affections
and estimation, but this place is worth
the trip. Im going to move out here."
Talks were given by A. P. Hender
son, president of the Illinois pantist
ioung People's Pnion: John Ruthreri
of Chicago; Itev. M. Hryant. of Cham
paign. 111.; l:. 1". Phelp. transportation
manager, and n. M. liunynn. of Port
land. At midnight tha 2 delegates
were escorted to the train on which
they left for Seattle. Next year'a con
vention will be held In Chicago, on July
Halscy-Strect I.xlcnlon Projcot
Mtvt Much Opposition.
Contending that the proponed exten
sion of Ilrilsey street to Kast FirH
street through proiwrty upon which
colored proi.lo started revcral month
aga to erect a church. Is of no real
benefit to anyone residing In that part
of the city, a petition planed by 33
property owners has been sent to th
City Council ut-klnif that til a street,
extension proceedings be discontinued.
The petition is siKned by K. C. Was
jscrim n ani contains the names of St
others. They contend that there Is no
need for the extension. They wish the
roceedtnas Flopped because thev are
Involved In the deal financially, it be
ing the plan to assess them among
other, for the property damages. The
proceedings In the rase have been
under way sevrral months. Condemna
tion proceedings are pending In the
gates were taken for a sightseeing
trolley ride to Council Crest Park.
In the elaborately decorated pavilion
covers were laid for more than ISO.
with roses at each plate. Caskets and
bowers of ferns and flowers were in
evidence everywhere. A picnic lunch
eon vti provided by the Portland Pap
tist Young People's I'nlon committee.
Fourth Kavanaush Heir Arrive.
Circuit Judge J. P. Kavanauch smil
ingly announced an Increase in his fam
ily when he appeared at the Court
Hous yesterday morning. A babv
dauxhter arrlvrd at bis home early
yesterday, and Mrs. Kavanaurh and
the little one are doing well. The lit
tle Ctrl makes the fourth heir In th
Kavanaugh family. Two brothers and
one sister preceded her.
a New Jfnf mat mtrn vu 1 riA t
rmily for alienation ef affection w cm -incly
rtferiU u as tha "baid-beacd limb
SEVENTY-FOUR PERSONS ATTEND FAMILY REfNTON.
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MEJ1BKRS OK LILLY CLA.T GATHERED AT UAI.ftlS t RKP.K.
GALES CREEK. Or, July 17. (Special.) Descendants of Elder David Lilly to the fifth generation
gathered here recently in annual reunion. Seventy-four persons, representing 22 families, sat beneath
the maple trees near tbe old church where Elder Lilly held services for lunar years and enjoyed a boun
tiful picnic dinner. "Grandfather" Lilly, as the founder of the Lilly clan was called, died IS years sgo,
but his widow survives him and was present at the reunion.
tions of the sun, earth and moon for