Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 27, 1915)
TIIE SUNDAY OREGOXIAN, PORTLAND. JUNE 2T, 1915.
rHEALTH AT FRONT
! i 15 ABOVE AVERAGE
TyphoicHNo Longer Feared,
Although Mumps and Mea
sles Cause Inconvenience.
MEN KEPT FIT FOR WAR
British System Relegates to Duties
' in Hear All Who Are Not In
; Prime Condition Xumber
" ot Wounded Grows.
BY WILL IRWIN.
Copyright. 1910. by the New York Tribune.
Published by Arrangement.)
' BOULOGXE - SUR - MER. June 8.
Heaven be praised for temporizing
mercies! There is a lull Just now along
the great western line. When the sec
ond battle ot Ypres was raging this
, city, with its thou-
: sands of wounded a
't day, ran full, to
one seemed to be
A working 18 hours a
day. Now that the
; along tie western
line has settled
down to bombard-
. ... -Sv 5 ng irencnes, to
.' '.' F ""a sniDiner and to ft t-
T 1 tacks on minor to-
Will Irwlo. ony the nor,
mal "wastage" of trench warfare and
the sick which the army has ever
Considering the hundreds of thou
rands which the British have arrayed
in Northern Prance, the sick rate is
low. Britain lias to thank for this the
Royal Army Medical Corps, which is
or all departments in the British army
perhaps the best managed and most
efficient Just now. Prevention of dis
ease on the line is the first canon of
the medical creed. Catch him early,
cure him up and send him back as soon
as he is in shape such is the rule they
Typhoid Gives Little Trouble.
There have been a few minor epi
demics, which are over for the present
at least. Typhoid fever, that old
scourge of armies, troubles the medico
but little, thanks to inoculation, which,
though not compulsory in the British
army, is all but universal. Up to the
tune when I last inquired only one
properly inoculated man had died of
typhoid fever in this hospital district
since the war began. "Para" typhoid
has been a little more troublesome.
As the physicians explain it to me,
"para" typhoid resembles true typhoid
as German measles resembles true
measles or as varioloid resembles
However, it arises from an entirely
distinct bacillus, and inoculation for
true typhoid does nothing to prevent
it. Fortunately, it is not severe. It
causes only about l-per cent of mor
tality. Fortunately, again, it does not
grip an army like true typhoid; it has
not the same virulent rush . of infec
tion. A new type of "para" has ap
peared this Spring. The bacteriologists
in the hospitals distinguish the two
diseases by calling them "para A" and
'. 'para B." Four or five men have died
here of "para" since last Autumn; and
that, with the one who died of true
typhoid, is the total score of a dis
ease which was the scourge of old
: armies, which caused more deaths in
'. our Spanish war than did Spanish bul
lets. Inoculation for typhoid fever ap
pears to have proved fully as suocess-
ful a3 vaccination for smallpox.
Mumps and Measles Trenblesnaie.
: Mumps, curiously, made a great deal
; of trouble in the cold, wet weather of
: this bad Spring.. Then, for a time there
: was a deal of measles. The most dis
: gusted man I have seen in the British
army was a Colonel of 60 Invalided
back with measles. '"I went out to
face bullets," he said, "and I got a
baby's disease." Fortunately, both of
these epidemics are long under control.
; This is an old town, grown up about
: a small harbor, dominated by a hill.
; On that hill Julius Caesar set and for
: tified his field headquarters when he
Jnvaded Britain and "cleaned up"
f Western Gaul. It became a perma
' nmt Roman camp; the fortifications
1 which Ceasar pet up grew Jn time to a
- city wall, with bastions, loopholes and
: a citadeu These Western seaport cities
of France preserve, generally, but few
of their old monuments. Generation
after generation, from Caesar the
Great to Wllhelm the Grandiose, they
" have been battle-fields. But. strangely,
time has spared the city wall. It re
: mains intact, unbreached, setting off
'. the old city from the new. Its great
. est height is perhaps 30 feet. About
: it now runs a broad park, and in these
. days of luxuriant June it is tutted with
.. red and white valerian.
On one side is a public lawn tennis
f court, where officers on leave. Red
; Cross men and we correspondents keep
ourselves "fit" in these comparatively
; luil days. Our backstop on one side is
, that antique wall.
Allies Mix Little, Socially.
; The British have come, to take pos-
session of tst part or the city which
lies closest to their warlike activities.
i Besides the eternal business of patch-
in-r up thousands and thousands ot
; wounded. nher affairs of the British
army which it is not discreet to tuen
; tion have their focus here. fcio the
j town lodges hundreds of officers, of
Red Cross workers, both male and
- female: of mliitary chauffeurs and am
bulance drivers, and it billets thou-
; sands of soldiers who assist in all these
Now, the Briton is not by nature a
j "mixer." He Is too shy. He doesn't
, Know how. Travel the length and
i lireadth of the British Isles, in peace
times at least, and you will scarce
i make an acquaintance on the trains.
SSet him down in a foreign city, and
'-. he pursues his business aloof from the
inhabitants. The Frenchman, too. has
j lls reserves. Though in France a
whole train compartment will make
.'- acquaintance during the first hour of
the Journey, the Frenchman is chary
? of taking you into hia home or his
" The consequence is that, although
' the Allies hero are working together
with mutual esteem, they mix, socially,
like oil and water. The high town
- within the walls is still French, more
French than It has been for a certury.
what with the disappearance of the
., tourist. Part at least of the low town
7. is entirely British.
There is, however, a close and inti-
mate contact with "the line." reached
by the hundreds of fast automobiles
i which ply back and forth in disregard
: of speed rules. In an hour's easy run
.7 one can be under the guns. At an
J times of the day and night these auto-:-
mobiles are drawing up, the khaki ot
'-; their occupants tinged yellow with
' road ust. Out come officers to re-
fresh themselves and to gossip. Of
1 personal talk, I find little. An officer
at the bass dislikes to ask an officer
-j Just from the line about Smith or
Jones; he may learn that Smith has
gone the way of good soldiers, and it
is a conventionality of this war not to
mention the dead. The talk is largely
technical of the running time of
trains, the movement of this battalion
or that, of new aeroplane designs, of
new German tricks.
Extremes meet curiously out hare.
The one event is the arrival of the
dally boat bringing passengers and
newspapers from England. As the hour
approaches, every disengaged p-r-on
seems to rise and drift toward the
There are Ghurkas of the British
army. Little, stout fellows, with faces
like peasant Japanese. They wear
broad hats, like sombreros, cocked up
at one side. Also, there may be a de
tachment of Sikhs, the most pictur
esque troops on the western front. They
have bearded, brown faces, usually
classical in outline, vne sees 20 Olym
pian Joves in every Sikh company.
Only, the bodies below are not Greek
at all. Your Sikh Is slim, meager. He
Arthur 3f. Geary
has high, square shoulders and thin
shanks, which the tight puttees of the
British uniform show off to disadvan
tage. He wears a khaki turban, with
the end floating down his back, and he
ha3 a dignity which nothing in the
world can shake. The meanest among
them walks like a king.
By way of Oriental contrast, you may
meet next a squad of French Turcos,
in Zouave uniform. Then there are the
British, in uniform khaki, with those
variations which mark off English and
Irish from Scotch and Welsh. A
strangely mixed squad stands at at
tention or loafs at ease along the edge
of the dock. They are the bearers for
the hospital traina and boats.
Uniforms and Accents Jumbled,
So these men present a Jumble of
Highland kilts and, caps, Welsh
"Ueshes" and plain khaki; and a fur
ther Jumble of accents, from high Ox
ford to Cockney and low Scotch. All
through the crowd are Red Cross
nurses, with blue cloaks over white
dressed, nun-like caps floating in the
wind. We thread through gray painted
automobile ambulances by the hundreds.-
If it has been a "busy" time
on the line these ambulances may be
running back and forth loaded to ca
pacity with the wounded, taking ship
for England. Use hardens one. We
who have lived long among them
scarcely spare a glance, now, to the
Then the boat backs in. is lashed
alongside, unloads its passengers. A
newsboy, books one leg to the rail, and
there is pushing and clamor as we
reach perilously from the edge o the
dock to snatch the newspapers. He
who captures the first prixe finds him
self surrounded by a-crowd while he
reads out the news. Some of it Is old
we usually know ahead of London
something of what is happening in our
own corner of Armageddon but the
eastern frontier, Italy, Zeppelin raids
on England, the Balkan situation, the
American crisis those are tew. And
we scatter, debating.
WOMAN SLAYER PUNISHED
First of Sex l'ouud Guilty in Los
Angeles Sent to Prison.
LOS ANGELES, June 26 Mrs. Irene
Murphy, the first woman ever con
victed in Los Angeles courts of a slay
ing charge, was sentenced today to two
years in San Quentin Prison aa pun
ishment for having killed her husband.
W illiam Murphy. at La. Canada-
The Jury's verdict was manslaughter.
and Judge Willis, in passing sentence.
indicated that he was inclined to leni
ency because the elderly prisoner was
a victim of liquor.
Allisons Celebrate at Toledo.
CENTRALIA, Wash.. June 26 (Sne.
cial.) St. John's day was celebrated
Tuesday night by the Toledo Masons
with an open meeting, at which dele
gations from the Mossyrock, Silver
Creek, Winlock, Vader and Chchalia
lodges were entertained. A social ses
sion and programme of entertainment
followed the meeting.
Mining IMTldend Increased.
The Caledonia Mining Company today
will disburse its monthly dividend
amounting to 3 cents a share, an in-
create ol x vni auove ine usual pay
ment. Checks to the amount of $78,150
will be mailed to the stockholders,
making a total for the year of $312,600.
ACTRESS TELLS SECRET
A "Well-Known Actress Tells How She
Darkened Her Gray Hair and
Promoted Its Growth With a
Simple Home-Made Mixture.
Miss Blanch Rose, a well-known
actress, who darkened her gray hair
with a simple preparation which she
mixed at home, in a recent interview
at Chicago, 111., made the following
statement: "Any lady ' or gentleman
can darken their gray hair ana make
it soft and glossy with this simple
recipe, which they can mix at home.
To a half pint o water add 1 oz. of
bay rum. a small box of Barbo Com
pound, and 'A oz. of glycerine. These
ingredients can be bought at any drug
store at very little cost. Apply to the
hair twice a week until it becomes the
required shade. This will make a gray
haired person look 20 years younger.
It is also fine to promote the growth
ci nair, relieves ituning and scalo hu
mors and is excellent for dandruff and
tailing nair. Adv.
nd or Call for Copy of
Dr De KeyBer's Book.
"THK KOA1) TO HEALTH
TllKGl't.H YOl'K EYES."
It Is Free.
DR. A.P. DE KEYSER
Pecond Floor Columbia Bid..
SCO MsliintctOD htrfft at Wet
. . r i ,
I V J." i
FRUIT MARKETS TO
BE LECTURE TOPIC
Arthur M. Geary Studies Con
ditions in East and Will
Bring Message West.
AIM IS TO UPLIFT PRICES
Columbia Tniversity Student's In
terest In Handling product
Leads to Appointment to
Make Lecture Toqr.
NEW TORK, June 36. A Portland
young man. whose interest in the fruit
industry has led to bis appointment on
a special mission to Oregon, Washing
ton and Idaho, is Arthur M. Geary.
While taking the law course at Co
lumbia University Mr, Geary has been
devoting his spare time to studying
the fruit markets of New Tork. Since
his graduation on June 1 he has been
visiting Boston, Philadelphia, Pitts
burg, Cleveland. Cincinnati, Chicago
and. other large cities to observe mar
ket situations and conditions in those
places. In the next few months, before
beginning the practice of law either in
Portland or New York, Mr. Geary will
give a series of illustrated lectures
throughout the fruitgrowing section of
the Pacific Northwest, dealing sane.
daily with the public sales system of
selling rrult in the East. These lec
tures represent a new undertaking on
the part of the fruit auction companies
of North America, who desire to prove
to tne puDiic the elticiency of the public
sales system of selling standardized
Early this Spring the fruit auction
companies mat in New Tork City for
tne nrst time and formed the American
Out-of-Town Folks, Let
Edwards Furnish. Your
Home on Credit "by lMa.il
FOR OUR Bid FREE
CAT AL O GUE
When you receive it you will find 80 pages of
staggering money-saving offerings, every one a
tremendous money-saver for you.
You can see from our terms how easy we make
the payments. ; r
Wait until you get our Catalogue; you will see
80 pages of bargains. They will surprise you as
much as our easy terms. ) :
When we mail our catalogue to you your credit
is established with us; all you have to do is to
pick out what you desire and send us the tiny
first payment listed in our Talrte of Terms
It saves you worry, waiting and saving up.
It enables you to get the things you want now
and enjoy them while you are paying for them.
It enables you to shop at home and close the
home-furnishing deal right in your own home.
Anything you receive must be satisfactory; you
have the privilege of returning AT 0UE EX
PENSE anything that proves a disappointment
The biggest value ever offered in a popular priced outfit. Outrivaling all previous com
binations in beauty, lowness of price and convenience of payment. This furniture is all
assembled together in rooms on our third floor, showing just how it will look in your home.
Q5 For This Folding
err: evH. vim's
.... uii.1,., .! uj.v . ij un
Regulation Army Cots, brown
frame, well Trsrced; regular price
week at 2.C5.
The Big New
Feature Is the
With the Rust
Cash, $5.00 Per
If you are using- an ordinary cook stove or range,
you are paying out real money for the extra fuel it
takes to run It. you have repairs to get every little
.while If you are "fussing along with a fuel hog" in
your kitchen, and you want to stop this waste and
cut down fuel and repair bills, let us show you the
Monarch Malleable Range.
Fruit and Produce Auction Association.
"During the past two years," said
Mr. Geary, "I have taken great inter
est in the study of the fruit markets
along Greenwich and Washington
streets, where millions of dollars of
California and Pacific Northwest fruit
are marketed each year, Tha 'ins and
outs' of the New York end of the mar
keting system are so different from
the conception that I had of them,
when managing my father's orchard in
the Rogue River Valley, that I con
ceived the idea of preparing an illus
trated lecture on some of the phases
that struck ma as being of peculiar in.
tcrest to the grower. The rivalry among
the receivers and buyers is so keen
and the stories and reports sent to the
growers are so conflicting that I feu
that some of the Information that I
had gained would be of value.
Truth to Be Told."
"With this purpose, acting as free
lance. I visited the offices of tha fruit
auction companies in search of pictures
for my lecture. They told me of a Na
tional association that was to be
formed; and later this organisation
engaged me to extend my study of the
markets to the other principal cities
and to go West and tell the growers
ail that I had learned that would be
of interest to them. They said that
their business had been studiously mis
represented to the growers and to tha
officials of the 'co-operative associa
tions and that they simply wanted tha
whole truth and nothing but tha truth
told. With these carte blanche instruc
tions I shall arrive in Portland about
the first of July, equipped with slides
showing market scenes in II or 12 of
the largest cities of. the United States.
"Last Fall When boxed apples con
signed to New York from the North
west were selling? for less than a dol
lar a box, a car of cornice pears, a por.
tion of which was grown on my father's
orchard, near Med ford, sold at auction
for $3.05 a half-box. This first at
tracted my special attention to the pub
lic sales system of selling fruit.
"The apple speculators as well as tha
growers have lost money during the
last two years. The resulting temerity
of the speculators, coupled with the
rapidly-increasing volume of produc
tion, will make it impossible for the
growers to market all of their apples
by f. o. b: and delivery sales. The large
portion of the apples that the growers
will find necessary to consign to East
ern markets, the auction companies be
lieve, can be sold advantageously
through their system of public sales."
Amerlran cotton toUJjb are now ulng more
than 5,000,000 balea of cotton a year aa
compared with 1,000,000 bales 45 years ago.
CrugI) $2.50 Per Week
THE MATCH TEST
strike freely after
beini placed for
period in a Oib
son, proving abso
lute dryness and
consequent lack of
$3.50, on sale this
Milk will readily
absorb disease germs
if exposed in an or
d I n ary refrigerator.
In a Gibson-milk will
remain pure and
sweet, denoting per
fect refrigeration and
OJ SIS I '
EVILS OF OPIUM
Picturesque Proclamation Un
der Official Seal Explains
PROHIBITION IS DEFENDED
Xp Consideration Given to Argu
ment That Injustice Is Done to
Those Dependent on Traffic
, for livelihood.
PEKIN, May IS. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) A proclamation
bearing the seal ot tne President tells
in a picturesque way the peculiar story
of the opium reform in China. From
the proclamation tne following para
graphs are taken: ' .
"The evil of opium is known to all
men, and no less than $8,000,000,0 JO and
tens of thousands of lives have been
sacrificed during the past few decades
as a result of this evil. Once a person
acquires the habit of opium smoking
he degenerates into a parasite and is
reduced to a skeleton; thus a rich man
becomes a pauper and a healthy man
a weakling. This consequently gives
rise to the prevalence of undesirable
characters and people who do not care
to work, causing the deterioration, of
the race and the decline of morality,
and both, the family and the nation are
affected and harmed.
Perslateat Policy Pursued.
"Fortunately, however, as a result of
the unprejudiced spirit of the friendly
nations and the well-intentioned publi
city given by Chinese and foreigners,
an agreement was made with Great
Britain ia the third year of Ilsuan
Tung for the prohibition of the lm-
It Makes No Difference to Edwards How Little or How Much You
Earn. Do not let a small salary make you timid about asking for this
credit. The rich and prosperous classes can always command the lux
uries of life. Edwards' credit aims to place comfort and luxury within
reach of every man. It aims to lend assistance to everybody.
Therefore, we say to you, "No matter how small your income, we
want you to buy as much as you desire and pay for it in small monthly
amounts as shown in our catalogue on page 2."
It Matters Not to Edwards How Far Away You Live. The man who
is striving for a home thousands of miles away from U3 can have as
much credit as the person who lives right in our own city.
We are willing to ship your home furnishings any distance, no mat
ter how far, on your mere promise to pay.
No Interest for Credit; No Security Required. We only ask two
things: One is the desire for a home; the other is an honest intention;
then we know you are worthy of any amount of credit, and we will ex
tend it to you freely.
We Have Helped Thousands of Others. Let Us Help You. We have
thousands of satisfied customers who pay us tiny monthly payments,
We furnish their homes for less than usual prices. They pay us in a
way that is easy for them. They take a year on the average. If
trouble comes, we give them extra time.
When you start an account with us it will be the beginning of a
business friendship that you will find profitable and helpful to you tn
Everytning for Your Home in Edwards Catalogue A Year to Pay.
Edwards Will Furnish
With the Following
Delivery by the Ice Delivery Company
to $12.50 100 . lbs:
to $27.50200. lbs.
to $42.50 300 lbs.
to $67.00 100 lbs.
$75.50 to $S2.50 500 lbs.
TEST " VEGETABLE TEST THE
Melons and onions
nate other foods with
their odors. The per
fect system of dry
air -circulation in a
Gibson, due to pat
ented flue system,
prevents any one
article from contam
GOOD PLACE "TO TRADE FT
portation of foreign opium and tha ces.
sation of tha cultivation of natjve
opium within a certain time limit. A
persistent policy has been pursued
with regard to the prohibition of culti
vation, smoking and trading in opium;
and as a result of it many provinces
have suooeeded in completely destroy
ing all poppy plants; consequently
transportation of opium into these pro
vinces has been prohibited. If this
opportunity were seized completely to
banish the opium evil, the ceuntry
would be put on a strong footing.
"This is why the order was repeated
at the beginning ef the inauguration
of the Republic. But owing to the lack
of discipline and the fact that both
desperadoes and unruly recruits were
mostly opium smokers, the evil sprang
again into being. The ignorant people,
seeing profit in the opium business,
defied the law, which up until then
was in force. This was most regret
able. Prohibition Ordered Again.
"Soma people urge that since the
opium trade affects the livelihood of
many persons, it is unjust to use arbi
trary methods for tha prohibition of
poppy planting. They forget, however,
that the evil ef opium is like a
dangerous ulcer that sinks deep to the
bone and for the oure of which it is
better to cut away part of the bone
than to patch it up with a piece of
flesh taken from another part of the
body. Whether the profit In such a
trade is biff or small, the trader
should be made to understand in Un
mistakable language that no one can
live by drinking poison to quench his
thirst. The local elders should ba en
trusted with the task of uproptlng the
poppy plants and the planters supplied
with cotton, grain or other seeds for
"The whole thing depends or the
orrieials, who should earnestly and per
sistently urge them and compel them
to plant some other useful crop. We
shall not permit one corner of the
country to spoil the general movement
of the whole nation, and the Ministry
of Interior is hereby instructed to corn
municate the order of prohibition, and
not to allow the cunning to utiliza it
as a means to enrich themselves."
MONMOUTH SCOUTS TO HIKE
Boys Plan IHeld Day as Part of Trip
on July 5, 0 and 7.
MONMOUTH, Or., June 26. (Special )
The boy scouts of this city on July
5. 6 and 7 will hike far into the moun-
Fifth and Onk, Portland, Oregon.
Send me your 80-paire 1919 free catalogue, also
your credit terms and your prices for out-of-town
Wear Eternal Utensils are made of sheet aluminum
99 per cent pure. The metal is thick and too hard to
be easily dented. Here is one of the greatest offers
ever made and just at a time when a preserving kettle
is most needed.
No Phones None C. O. D, No Deliveries
$5.00 Cash $1.00
Bait will become
soggy in an ordinary
r e f r i gerator. In a
Gibson salt will al
ways pour freely,
oT condensation, ren
dering a sweaty con
of Gas Range
New Process Ranges are known and preferred before
all other makes. Supremacy of workmanship has
achieved this renown. The very last word in perfect
construction. Priced from $16.50 to $58.50.
YOO LESS IN
The man who pays a consistent
price for good clothes finds tht
it costs him less in tha long run
than buying cheap outfits.
We have joy togs for the young
man nd stylish, conservative
clothes for the seniors.
Yo4 will be doing yourself a
favor to pay this shop a visit.
Let us show you our $13.00,
$16.00 and $19.00 special, sold
previously for $18.00 to C30.00.
Cor, Fourth nd Alder Sts.
Tin Roofing being removed
from Armory for sale cheap.
Call Main 2632.
tains. The second day is to be a big
To earn money for their outings the
boys have accomplished numerous
small tasks. The scouts were enter
tained recently by President Acker
man, of the Normal school.