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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1915)
TIIE SUNDAY OREGONIAN. PORTLAND, APRIL 18, 1915.
LABORATORY SET UP
NEAR BATTLE FRONT
War on Bacillus Goes on in
Occupied Territory, With
, German Thoroughness.
DINNER PARTY MEMORABLE
Bennett describes Captain-Uoctor
Vlio lefincs "Militarismus"
With Epigram unci Points to
Living Proof at Hand.
BY JAMES O'DOXNELL BENNETT.
CopyriBht. H15. by the Chicago Tribune.
Published by arrangement.)
MLAWA, Russia, March 9. I don't
care much about afternoon teas, as
Maurice Broane knows, but we had a
tea party in Mlawa today that was
unique as to eome of its features and
deserves a place in the social intelli
eence, if not . In the military.
The host was the Herr Professor and
Captain Georg- Michaelis, doctor of
medicine and philosophy and one of
tho heads of the Kaiser Wilhelm In
stitute in Berlin, at present serving
with the rank and pay of Captain,
though he will be a Colonel when the
troops now concentrated in this re
gion get formally organized into a
MIlltarlMmuat 3'eTly Defined.
T can introduce him with an epigrram
that will make him stick in your mem
ory better than anything else:
"This laboratorium less than 10 miles
behind the battle lines." said he, "is
the living proof of German militaris
mus. And militarismus only means or
ganization." The tea table talk ran on war and
bacilli, and the professor drew enthu
siastic parallels between the so-called
Prussian militarismus and the human
body's method of maintaining itself
against the war of the bacilli.
All this was too deep for me, but
the three -Lieutenants followed the
the dashing recital of the battle of the
bacilli with awed donnerwetters and
agreed, that it was great fighting.
Throughout the party officers were
coming to be inoculated against ty
phoid or cholera two injections for
cholera and three injections for typhoid
at intervals of eight days.
Hunt for Bacilli tine On.
One could see them through the door
way of an inner room, coats off and
surgeons puttering affectionately over
them, as if they were precious pieces
of apparatus, as, indeed, they are.
Besides inoculation and vaccination,
the purpose ot this field laboratory is
to hunt typhus and cholera bacilli in
blood brought in from suspected pa
tients and to exercise a general su
pervision of the water distillation
plants in Mlawa.
On tables standing in front of the
three high windows of the room were
four microscopes, and under the barrel
of each miscroscope was the glass slide
that carried the suspected drop of
blood or drop of water.
Almost always suspicion proved jus
tified, and a peep into the microscopes
'showed the bacilli flourishing happily.
While the typhus bacilli sported con.
vulsively under the microscopes there
was talk of many things, and the best
talk 1 think was that of a young
painter-soldier from the north, who is
just back with the troops after a siege
of illness and who has authorized his
friends at home in Bremen to hold an
exhibition sale of tome ot his pictures
so that he can make a contribution
of money as well as a contribution of
himself to his country in its need.
Volunteers Pay Penalty of War.
Tie loved to talk about his regiment
all infantry volunteers from Bremen
w ho had done their first f'ghting in Sep
tember at BaiUy or some such name
on the west front. He gave me some
lta as to the personnel of the par
ticular "korporalscha f t." or corporal's
squad of 25 men. to which he belongs,
and T thought the data would be hard
to fit fn with the "Hun" and "bar
barian" myth which Sir Arthur Conan
Tloyle and some other Englishmen of
letters like to accept as gospel.
Here arc some of the men who
marched otit of Bremen in that kor
poralschaft: 1 painter 2 poet
1 composer 1 lettercarrler (oldish)
1 noulptor 1 architect
2 theological students 2 medical students
6 law students 1 physician
All those 17 were privates. ,
The occupation of the other seven
men of the squad my painter friend
could not remember, but he thought
they -were mostly young business men.
Now comes the terrible part. Of the
25, 15 have died on the field of honor.
Of the remaining 10, four are sick,
three are recovering from wounds and
three are at the front?
Another person antithesis of fhe flne
fibered young painter with whom I
like to visit in Mlawa. is old Captain
Butow, commander at the railway sta
tion. Veteran of the Franco-Prussian war,
this man. Short, round, stocky, ve
hement. Used to be in the Prussian
railway service and came often to
Mlawa on business and would then,
business having been transacted, sit
and sip wine with the Russian railway
officials. Good fellows they, says he,
and wonders how long before he will
be drinking a friendly glass with them
Took it ill this morning because the
General hadn't been down to see the
wonderful changes he had wrought in
the shattered and filthy railway station.
Now everything is trim and scrupulous
and shipshape, and the delightful old
man has the joy of a child with a house
of picture blocks in tho -work of re
habilitation ho has done.
In the midst of blowing about his
railway station the Captain stops to
blow about "those English," and when
he does that his stubby imperial seems
to give off electric sparks. "What do I
think of them anyhow those English?
"Well," I reply, "sonic of the best
friends I have in the world are English,
and twice ,1 have spent the happiest
fdx months of my life in England. So
what should I think?"
".Men, l.ike Itcst of I
"So: so'." says he. "Well. I sunnose
they are men like the rest ot us. I
liked the Russians here at Mlawa, too,
when I used to come on business. And
they tell,me those English boys stand.
So. so! So. so! Men like the rest of us!"
If the captain is proud of the busi
ness end of his railway station you
ought to see him when he takes you
into the ecclesiastical department.
He has had the big waiting room
scrubbed and reglazed and he has pro
vided it with chairs and benches, and
from somewhere in Mlawa he has com
mandeered a cottage 'organ. So now the
waiting room is a church for the Feld
gottesdienst. Behold the pulpit!
Behold and wonder! For if you don't
wonder I think the choleric old man
will weep. That pulpit, gentlemen, as
anybody may see, used to be the news
paper kiosk in this very station. But
.take otit the glass on one of its five
fides. put a new floor Inside of it so
that the parson can stand higher, build
a slanting shelf for him to lay his
books and spectacles on, and see what
a pulpit you have.
And look here! Picture of the Em
peror over the organ, and a rack to
hold the hymn numbers at one side.
If you like that what do you think
of these? And the captain points to a
row of empty sliell3 on the extempor
ized altar which have been converted
Shell Put lo Good Use.
What did I think of that? Well,
thought I. that's the best possible use
you could put a shell to. The captain
looked at me doubtingly, then broke
into a roar of laughter.
"O, pastor, did you hear what the
American said said shells couldn't be
put to a better use than made into
The pastor smiled, but It was not a
merry smile abstracted and wistful
rather; sadder than tears in a way.
Other clergymen who had reached
Mlawa only that morning came into the
i i lw w- sit
t b vi - fit
J. G. RlrhaTdHOD, Who Han Reen
Appointed Examlafr for State
station to see the new church, survey
ing the work with approving nods.
Two of them went over to the organ
and sat there a long time, for I could
hear the music they made when the
captain had taken me above stairs to
see the restrooms and dining rooms
where the wounded were being re
dressed and refreshed.
Strains of old hymns floated to those
upper rooms, "Ein Fesle Burg" and
"Wir treten zum Beten," and the like
When I passed that way half an hour
later the pastors in the gray cloaks
with the rich purple collars were still
grouped around the organ of the chol
eric Butow's new church in the chill
Prayers Snng In Enemy" Land.
They were singing softly singing in
the enemy's land the prayers of their
hearts' desire. Their grave faces so
intent and the spirit of them so de
tached from the bustle of comings and
goings around them made one of the
most touching sights I have come on
in this war. .
Across the way on a bit of trampled
sward half circled by shattered houses
the ground was close dotted with little
crosses the Russians who had fallen
in the double bombardment of Mlawa
sleeping under the crosses that bore
the double arms, the Germans beside
them under the crosses with single
I stood a long time listening to the
music, and looking beyond the station
plaza at the crosses on which the
helmets hung and at the little mounds
and the blackened houses.
"Well," said Butow, "dot's war!"
But he was not trholeric any more.
STATE EXAMINER NAMED
St-CCUSSOIt XO S. II VntEM'
j. g. men ahdso.n.
CHARITY IS AIDED
Mrs. Rockefeller Leaves De
tails to Executors.
ESTATE WORTH $2,000,000
Jewels. Are Ieft to Relatives and
Friends, Sister Receives $50,000,
$1000 Income Bequeathed
to Old Acquaintance.
NEW YORK, April IT. The will of
Mrs. John D. Rockefeller was filed in
the Surrogate's Court here today. It
disposes of an estate valued at about
$2,000,000, of which close to 1. 500,000
goes to various charities, but the de
tails of amounts and distribution are
left to the executors, only the institu
tions to be benefited being named. Trie
executors are Mrs. Rockefeller's hus
band, her son, John D. Rockefeller, Jr.,
and her daughter, Alta Rockefeller
Prentice. The will is dated March 5,
Mrs. Rockefeller distributes her jew
els among friends and relatives. A sum
"sufficient to provide an income of
$1000 a year" Is left to an old acquaint
ance. Caroline P. Sked. To John D.
Rockefeller is left a ruby and diamono.
ring, while John D. Rockefeller, Jr., In
herits his mother's wedding ring and
an emerald and diamond ring. Her
daughters, daughter-in-law, sister,
granddaughters and nieces also are re
membered with gifts of jewels.
Mrs. Rockefeller's dresses, books and
other personal belongings are be
queathed to her sister and her two
daughters to dispose of as they shall
To her granddaughter, Margaret
Strong, daughter of the late Bessie
Rockefeller Strong, $100,000 is left In
trust. Sums of $10,000 each are left to
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Mrs. Prentice
and Mrs. Edith Rockefeller McCormlcK,
her other daughter, wife of Harold F.
McCormick, and $50,000 to Miss Lucy M.
Spelraan, Mrs. Rockefeller's sister.
The charitable institutions named as
beneficiaries of the residuary estate
are the Euclid Avenue Baptist Church.
Cleveland, O. ; the Baptist Home or
Northern Ohio, Women's Baptist Home
Missionary Society, Women's Baptist
Foreign Missionary Society, Spelman
Seminary, Atlanta, Ga., and the Bureau
of Social Hygiene.
"The said trustees may give to each
of said institutions so .much of the
property as they see fit," the will reads.
Graduate of McMinnville College and
Oregon J. aw School Will Take
Office, on May 1.
J. G. Richardson, of Portland, has
been appointed by Henry 13. Schulder
man examiner for the state corporation
department, effective Mav 1, to succeed
S. B. . Vincent, who resigned several
weeks ago to become general manager
for the receivers of the Bayocean Sum
Mr. Schulderman has been appointed
Corporation Commissioner to succeed
Ralph Watson and will take charge of
the office some time in May.
Mr. Richardson came to Oregon in
1SU3 from Minneapolis, Minn., where
he was born. He resided at Salem with
his parents and later moved to Port
land. He attended the public schools
of Salem and Portland and also the
Portland high school. He is a graduate
of McMinnville College and of the Ore
gon Law School. For some time he was
engaged in the building business with
his father, J. J. Richardson, and while
following this vocation superintended
the construction and erected several
large buildings in Portland and other
parts of the state. In 1909 Mr. Rich
ardson was admitted to the bar and
since that time has been actively en
gaged in the practice of his profession,
for the past two years associated with
George Tazwell. using the firm name of
Tazwell & Richardson, with offices in
the Northwestern Bank building.
Mr. Richardson is a member of the
Chamber of Commerce, the Multnomah
Amateur Athletic Club and several fra
ternal organizations and is active In
various phases of public life.
RIGHT OF WAY TO BE TAKEN
Committees Appointed at Rosebarg
to Aid Projected Railroad. !
ROSEBURG, Or., April 17. (Special.)
Believing that the voters of Rose
burg will authorize bonds in the sum
of $300,000 with which to assist Ken
dall Bros, in constructing a railroad
from this city to their timber holdings
on the North Umpqua River, the com
mittee that conferred with S. A. Ken
dall on his recent visit here has elected
committees to procure the necessary
rights of way and mill site.
The right of way committee is com
posed of Harry Pearce, J. F. Barker,
O. P. Coshow and Dexter Rice. On the
mill site committee are Dr. E. B. Stew
art and Al Creason.
HAVE GOOD HEALTH
Take Hood'a Sarsaparilla. the Old Ba
ilable Spring; Tonic.
Don't let the Idea that you may
feel better in a day or two prevent
you from getting a bottle of Hood's
Sarsaparilla today from any drugstore
and starting at once on the road to
health and strength.
When your blood is Impure and im
poverished it lacks vitality, your diges
tion is imperfect, your appetite Is poor,
and all the functions of your body are
Hood's Sarsaparilla is a wonderful
blood tonic. It will build you up
quicker than any othermediclne. It
gives strength to do and power to
endure. It Is the old standard tried
and true all-the-year-round blood
purifier and enricher, tonic and ap
petizer. Nothing else acts like it,
for nothing else has the same
formula or ingredients. Be sure to ask
for Hood's; insist on having it. Adv.
KarmCi' fbursttnR into the village inn
What dye think, Silas? The bones of a
pre-iiistori(! man has been found on Jim
White's farm? Inkeeper Great qosh! I
hope poor Jim'll be able to clear hisself at
Women ara so constituted as
to be peculiarly susceptible to
constipation, and their general
health depends In large measure
on careful regulation and correc
tion of this tendency. Their
delicate organisms rebel at the
violence of cathsrtic and purga
tive remedies, which, while they
may afford temporary relief,
shock the system and seriously
disturb the functional organs. A
mild laxative 1b far preferable,
and, if properly compounded,
much more effective. ,
The combination of simple
laxative herbs with pepsin sold
in drug stores under the name of
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin, la
ideal for women's use. A fre
trial bottle can be obtained by
writing to Dr. W. B. Caldwell.
452 Washington St., Montlcello,
ROSE CITY PARK
This darling 5-room bungalow, only
Easy terms. Let us take you out today.
Cor. 4th and Stark.
No Such Values Else
The Most Fashionable
Models in Patent Kid and
Dull Leathers In Velvets
and With Cloth Tops
$3.50 Lines on to 07
Sale at, a Pair i
Our "low-cost" basement
Shoe Section is a very in
teresting and busy place
these days, rlece you'll
find an unsurpassed as
sortment of the latest and
best styles in both Shoes
and Pumps at. prices un
equaled for lowness. This
sale includes all sizes and
widths in patent, kid and
dull leathers; also in vel
vet and with cloth top.
Especially popular are the
new short-vamp Shoes and
two - button combination
strap Pumps. Standard
makes of a quality sold in
exclusive shoe stores at
$3.50 a pair. On sale here
$3.00 Grade Mary Jane
Shoes in kid, gunmetal
and Velvets do Art
at, pair.. J
$2.50 Grade Baby Doll
Pumps in patent, gun
metal and Vel- Ji qpt
vets at, pair. . . vl J7
$2 Grade Worn- d- A(
en's Sandals at P T'i
"YOU CAN DO BETTER FOR LESS ON THIRD ST."
8:30 A. M.
9:00 A. M.
The Most in Value The Best in Quality
5 :30 P. M.
6:00 P. M.
Continued With Renewed Lots, Greatest
Sale of Pine !Embroideries
Just Received 1500 Yards 18-Inch Flouncing Embroideries in Patterns Desir
able for Baby Dresses, Children's Garments, Corset Covers and Under- ncr
muslins 48c to 65c Qualities, Special at Only, Yard aOC
Hundreds of pleased
purchasers have at
tended and profited
by this great April
sale of fine new Em
of others will be here tomorrow and with renewed lots
Rvalues will be found as great as, if not greater than on
first days of the sale. Take this lot ot 1500 yards oi
18-inci Flouncings, for' example. This staple and pop
ular width of Embroidery is shown in a large variety
i of cjainty and beautiful patterns especially adapted for
f babv and children's dresses, corset covers and under-
5- garments. You have choice from fine Swiss, Batiste,
Z a: j W II lvi I
I mC ihifl 'al1"l "fVil'b ' " '"-
Nainsook, Crepe and Cambric Flouncings in qualities regularly sold or
at 48c to 65c a yard. This sale at : Dl
OTHER UNDERPRICED LOTS RANGE AS FOLLOWS:
Lot 2 27-inch
eries at 25 a
Lot 3 27-inch
eries at 48 yard for
yard for 48c to 65c
98c to $1.25
Lot 4 27 to 45-inch Embroideries at
$1.19 yard for $2.50 to $2.98 quali
ties. Lot 5 40-inch Allover Embroideries
at 48 yard for 98c to $1.25 qualities.
10 j'ard for Narrow Edges, Insertions in 15c and 20c qualities.
15 yard for Crepe and Organdie Edges in 25c and 35c qualities.
Only Half -Price to Pay
If you are in need of Lace
Curtains you cannot well
afford to miss this sale of
odd lots and broken lines
in Arabian, Scotch Lace
and CableNet one, two,
three to six pairs of a pat
tern; about 200 pairs in
the lot. They come in 2V
and 3-yard lengths and in
good widths. While they
last you have choice from
the entire assortment at
One-Half Regular Price,
88 to $3.00 a Pair
For This Sale We Have TTnderpriced the
Most Popular Weaves in Slack Sillcs
First Beautiful Lustrous Black Messalines, on.
Full 36 Inches W ide Best $1.25 Quality at
Here is a most opportune underpricing of a splen
did new lot of beautiful Black Messaline Silks
They come full 36 ins. wide, and with a rich, lustrous Swiss
finish. They are closely woven and of an extra weight that
is very durable. We guarantee these Silks to wear satis
factorily, for we know them to be reliable if we didn't
know we wouldn't guarantee. You are safe in buying silks
at this store. Here is a Black Messaline of regular o f
$1.25 quality priced at, yard OiV
$1.50 GRADE BLACK CHIFFON MESSALINE PRICED AT 9S A YARD
Another special offering 40-inch Black Chiffon -finished Swiss Messalines
of soft-clinging weave. Strictly high-grade Silks in a perfect black qq
and of a quality made to sell regularly at $1.50 a yard. This sale at...0
Two Extremely Popular Lines of New Dress Goods
All-Wool Challies at 50 Yard
28 and 30-inch French and Domestic
All-Wool Challies, shown in a full as
sortment of new and staple patterns
in Spring and Summer colors rose
buds, dots, small figures and novelty
designs a soft, clinging, washable
fabric that is both fashionable and
durable and moderately priced C fl
at, yard : OUC
Half Wool Checks at 19 Yard
The extremely popular and fashion
able Black and White Checked Fab
rics in 42-inch width. They come in
shepherd checks, waffle and novelty
checks in all sizes; also a fine line of
black and white striped materials in
correct weaves and weights for Spring
and Summer garments. All at, q
An Attractive Showing- and Sale of
Women's Sills Dresses
All Prices from $5 to $21
Models that are strikingly
new. Handsome Silk Dresses
that will lend the final touch
of style to the woman who
also seeks becomingness
the kind that modish women
will buy because of their un
usual value and because of
their smartness and grace
ful lines. They come in fine
silk poplins, crepe de chine,
crepe meteor and taffetas
both high and low -neck
models in all sizes and the
best colors Dresses that are under values at
$5.00, $5.90, $10.90, $12.50, $15.00, $17.50 to $21.00.
A Special Purchase and Sale of
Wool and Plush
These Three Lots to Choose From:
Lot 1 At $3.95 Full-size Wool Robes, shown in a
large variety of pretty plaid patterns and in many
Lot 2 At $2.48 Cross
stripe Wool Robes, 57 by
72 inches and finished
with bound edges just
the thing for lap robes,
outing use or couch
Lot 3 At $3.95 Tiger
Plush' Robes of good size
and quality. They come
with bound edges and
are shown in four dif
ferent color combinations.
Complete New Line of
From the best mills we have se- fV
cured large invoices of the most
popular staple and novelty Hosiery
all moderately priced:
2 Pairs 25c
A splendid wearing Hose of fine
lisle finish, fast black and durable.
All sizes at 15 a pair or 2 pairs
Silk Boot Hose at 50 Pair
A splendid-wearing, perfect-fitting Stocking, made
with pure silk boot, with reinforced heel and toe and
fine lisle top. All sizes in black, white and in shades
of tan a most reliable Stocking at, pair 50
The Phoenix Silk Hose at 75 Pair
The Phoenix Silk Hose have long been known for
their perfect fit and wearing quality. They are
strictly high-grade Stockings, shown in all sizes in
black and in all colors a Stocking of unsurpassed
value at, a pair 75
Cinderella Silk Hose at $1.00 Pair
The Cinderella is a pure thread silk Stocking of per
fect fit and finish. Comes in all sizes in black and
in colors. It is without doubt the best-wearing and
finest appearing Silk Stocking sold at, a pair $1.00