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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 16
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. xxxiv. xo. 2.
HELP OF ITALY MAY
Rome Thinks Teutons
Would Be Starved.
NEUTRALITY MEANS SUPPLIES
Contraband Trade Continues,
- Despite Government.
COPPER PARTLY CUT OFF
Arrest for Bribery Discloses Par
ticipation of Diplomatic At
taches, Some of Whom Are
ROME, Jan. 9. (Special.) It 1 be
lieved here that participation by Italy
in the war against the Turkish allies
ttt Germany and Austria-Hungary, be
aides increasing the gravity of their
defeat, will shorten the war by starv
ing the two central empires.
It is well known that Germany and
aided in continuing the
war by Italy's neutrality.
Wheat and other cereals in enor
mous quantities have been Imported into
Germany and Austria from Italy since
the beginning of the war. and this
wholesale contraband trade continues.
In spite of the effort of the Italian
(oatrabaad Traffic Large.
Thoroughly equipped German and
Austrian agents were sent to this coun
try and the staffs of the embassies of
every German and Austrian consulate
In Italy were Increased as soon as it
was seen that war was inevitable. Most
of the newly arrived diplomats and con
sular officers are agents for contra
Two of the leading banks or Italy
are capitalised largely by German
money, while many prominent manu
facturing firms are in the hinds of
Germans and Austrian.
The agents of the two empires easily
came in contact with their countrymen
residing in Italy, who willingly agreed
to combine profit with patriotism to
Italy's detriment. Many Italians over
looked that by forwarding contraband
goods to Germany and Austria they
were depleting their own country of
supplies and provisions, which would
be needed if Italy entered the war.
Ger Pay Liberally.
Germany has spent money lavishly,
paying cash for everything bought and
allowing a wide margin for profits
and bribery. Tralnloads f rice, wheat
and other foodstuffs have been sent
to Switzerland en route to Germany.
Articles of the same kind discharged
at Italian Adriatic ports have been
transshipped to sailing vessels or small
roasting steamers tor conveyance to
The contraband ' business flourished
the first two months of the -war. It
was then limited to foodstuffs. It soon
assumed such proportions as to threat
en a wheat and rice famine in Italy.
The Italian government then, adopted
strict measures to check the dangerous
trade. The German and Austrian
agents attempted to organize a con
traband trade in copper, but their ef
forts were not entirely successful, since
the copper had to be imported from
America and many merchant vessels
carrying this article were captured by
British warships on watch at Gibraltar
and by French vessels cruising In the
Bribery ef Official Rumored.
After some friction the government
by royal decree prohibited the exporta
tion of copper from Italy to any coun
try. Thereupon the German and
Austrian agents attempted o evade
4 Concluded on Page G.)
,.......... ...... .. . - . ;
IS WEDDING SCENE
MISS MATHILDA ECKERLEX,
PRIVATE SECRETARY, BRIDE.
Daughter of Salem Capitalist and
F. Cornell, of AVoodburn, Mar
ried Before West's Farewell.
SALEM. Or, Jan. 9. (Special.) In
the hurly-burly of preparations today
for convening of the Twenty-eighth
Legislative Assembly Miss Mathilda
Eckerlen, private secretary to Gover
nor West, became the bride of Fred
erick Cornell, formerly a merchant of
Woodburn, The ceremony was per
formed in Governor West's private of
fice. Rev. Father Scherbrlng. of St
Joseph's Catholic Church, officiating,
and the Governor and Secretary of
State Olcott serving as witnesses. Im
mediately after the nuptials Mr. and
Mrs. Cornell boarded a train for San
Diego. Cal., where they will live.
Mrs. Cornell is the second member
of 'Governor West's office force to be
married near the close of his admin
istration. Mrs. Bessie Spooner, one of
the stenographers, was married about
three months ago to Albert H. Gllle,
who is employed in the State Forestry
Department. When Miss Fern Hobbs
assumed her duties as member of the
State Industrial Accident Commission
January 1, Miss Eckerlen, who had
been a stenographer in the office for
eight years, was made private secre
tary. She had frequently said if she
ever married ske wanted the ceremony
to be performed in the Governor's of
fice. She told no one of her plans
until Mr. Cornell and Rev. Mr. Scher
brlng arrived at the Governor's office.
Mrs. Cornell is a daughter of Eugene
Eckerlen. a Salem capitalist.
WOMAN, 83, FOILS 'HOLD-UP
Mrs. M. Hassong Grabs Pistol Rob
ber Points at Her and He Flees,
Seizing a robber's gun when he tried
to enter her home at .aat Twenty
eighth and Kelly streets last night, Mrs.
M. Hassong, aged 83, pushed the weapon
to one side and chased the man to the
The robber stepped to the door and
rang the bell about 8:30 o'clock P. M,
when Mrs. Hassong and her husband
were In the house. She answered the
bell and saw a strange man standing
on the porch.
"Throw up your hands!" he ordered,
thrusting a .38-caiiber revolver in her
"Get out of this, you beast!" retorted
the woman, as she seized the gun by
the barrel. She was unable to wrest
the. weapon from him. but she pushed
the surprised highwayman from the
porch and chased him to the street.
PROGRESSIVE BACK IN FOLD
Lorenzo Dow, Active in Washington
Politics, Again Republican.
TACOMA, Wash, Jan. 9. (Special.)
Lorenzo Dow, Progressive National
Committeeman from this state, and
whose term expires today as Prosecut
ing Attorney of Pierce County, to which
office he was elected two years ago as
a Bull Moose, tonight gave out a formal
statement announcing his return to the
Dow led the Progressive fight on the
floor of the Aberdeen convention when
the split came in this state. He now
declares the Progressive party has
served its purpose, bringing about an
awakening of the Republican con
science. IDAHO AUDITOR ARRESTED
Fred L. Huston Accused of Misap
plying Public Funds.
BOISE, Idaho. Jan. 9. Fred L. Hus
ton. State .Auditor, was indicted and
arrested here tonight on a charge of
misapplying public funds. Huston was
released on bonds of 2000 after being
arrested at his home.
The indictment is said to have its
source in the maintenance of the dairy,
food and sanitary departments It is
charged that a deputy in the depart
ment was paid his salary from the fund
set aside for traveling expenses.
IN GUISE AS HEREUNDER SHOWN SEVERAL OUTSTANDING EVENTS IN THE WEEK'S NEWS APPEARED
Court Bl -p
Support' Accorded to
Protest to Britain.
COPIES OF REPLY SUPPLIED
More Vigorous ' Assertion of
American Rights Likely.
TIME IS CHIEF GRIEVANCE
Further Correspondence Virtually
Conceded to Be Xecessary, but
Washington Makes Xo Pre
diction on Outcome.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 9. While no for
mal arrangement has been made as yet
for common action by all neutral coun
tries in resyect to contraband and ship-
ing during maritime warfare, it became
known today that the United States bad
received the sympathetic support of
practically all neutral nations in its ne
gotiations with Great Britain.
Recognizing the interest manifested
by the neutral governments in the initi
ative taken by the United States, copies
or tne British reply to the American
note were ordered delivered by Scretary
Bryan .to all their diplomatic repre-
j sentatives in Washington. When the
first note was sent there were many
formal requests for copies and it was
regarded as significant that the British
note has been sent to them voluntarily.
Comment on Xote Withheld.
A day's study of the British communi
cation failed to develop any comment
from Administration " officials. They
feel that the people will have an oppor
tunity to Judge. for themselves in an
other day whether or not Great Britain
is meeting, the request of the United
States for early improvement in the
treatment of American commerce. The
text of the British note will be made
public simultaneously in both Washing
ton and London tomorrow.
It is known, however, that the Brit
ish note does not finally dispose of the
questions raised, but is in the nature
of a preliminary argument. Just how
far a long-drawn-out correspondence is
foreshadowed, officials here refused to
More Vigorous Protest Possible.
In authoritative quarters It was said.
however, that another note, perhaps
more vigorous than .its predecessor,
would be sent to Great Britain, should
the safeguards which Great Britain
herself has advised for American com
merce be disregarded by the British
fleet, as the American Government con
tends has occurred heretofore. While
the United States desires to arrange
amicably the points in dispute, its
chief cause of complaint has been
against the alleged indecision of the
British authorities in applying their
The greatest difficulty in the situa
tion centers about the question or
length of time required for a thorough ,
search of a merchant vessel. The
United States contends detentions and
examinations have been entirely too
long. England avers that tne size or
vessels makes more difficult exam
ination and necessities convoying mer
chantmen to ports for detailed search.
Iasue Far From Settled.
While the tone of the British note
Is said to be conciliatory, and conces
sions of various kinds have been made
to American commerce through ar
rangements completed by, the allies
with neutral countries- where em
bargoes on re-exportation or many
products have been declared, the sit
uation is regarded in executive quar
ters as far from settled and requiring
further correspondence. ' i
1 INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
iH.:i degrees; minimum, 39.0 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rain; southeasterly
Italy's participation In war expected to
shorten It by cutting off supplies of
central empires. , Section 1, page I.
Germans recapture Stetnbach, In Alsace.
Section 1, page 4.
Gutierrez says "armed groups" have virtu
ally agreed on plan of. peace for Mexico.
Section 1. page 6. x .
Secretary T.ane wllltne Congress shall appro
prlate S4oO.UUO for irrigation in uresun
without state co-operation. bection
Sale of old United States Army Titles to
belligerents Is decried.' Section 1, page
Neutral nations in accord with United States
on protest to Great Britain. -Section
Federal employment bureau to be launched
soon. Section 1, page 7.
Home use of apples overcomes, loss due to
war. Section 1, page 7.
Chicagoans begin eating "K" bread and
say it is good. Section 1, page 1.
Dean Collins pictures wonders of San Fran
Cisco s approaching snow. section
Plan suggested for baseball series to settle
semi-pro championship or UT-egon. bee-
lion 2, page 1.
Shakeups In Coast League necessary to meet
new I5O0O monthly salary limit. Dec-
tion 2. page 1.
Captain Foulkes, of Victoria, ranked best
singles tennis player In northwest in
1914. Section 2. -page 3.
Yacht club election Is near and R. B. Bain,
Jr., heads rival ticket. Section Z, page i.
Two chamoionshiD football games to be
played today. Section 2, page 4.
Aggie coach expects to make up lack of
weight of quintet in speea ana ngni.
Section 2, page t.
! Portland fishermen land eight big steel-
heads In Sandy River. Section 2, page 4.
Baseball outlook on Coast Js made brighter
by league shifts. Section 2, page x.
Packey McFarland best lightweight accord
ing to Corbett. Section 2, page -
Wlllard confident he can win Johnson's
heavyweight title. Section 2, page 4.
Oregon "U" basketball squad kept busy
these days. Section 2, page 2.
Kelly team holds on to first place In City
Bowling League. Section! z. page 1.
Portland likely to get new natatorlum in
March. Section 2. page 1.
nxrm nttn T.urilrA f arrested for alleged com
pllcity with Bciward Gall In murder of
husband, section l, page
Horse show to feature farmers' week at O.
A. C. Section 1, page V.
Republicans control important committees
of Idaho Senate..' Section 1, page 8.
Stage all set for opening of Legislature to
morrow, becuon. i, puae v.
Washington legislators aim fire at election
laws and propose new one. Section X,
page 8. -
Miss Mathilda Eckerlen. Governor West's pri
vate secretary, and F. Cornell, or wooa
. burn, are married in Governor's office.
Section 1, page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Milling wheat advances, but red wheat is
lower In local market. Section 2. page
Embargo talk causes heavy selling In. Chi
cago market, section z, page u.
World's wool production is .steadily de
clining. Sections, page J 5. W- .
Grain carriers are being dispatched
promptly. Section if, pages 6.
Free locks at Oregon City may be reality by
February. Section 2. page B. ,
Real Estate and Building.
Sales and trades of week run high. Section
4, page 8.
License advocated for realty dealers. Sec
tion 4, page 8. .
Architects busy preparing plans for new
Portland buildings. Section 4, page a.
Portland and Vicinity.
Half-mill tax and Government aid asked by
irrigation men. Section L page J,
J. T. MIckle advocates two measures to en
force sanitation. Section 1. page 1Z.
Mrs. Vada Grier. who was acquitted of mur-l
derinir husband, is bride or ueorge
Solomon, who was Indicted with her.
Section 1, page 10.
Masked man and woman beatt rob and shoot
widow as she returns from visit to Hus
band's grave In Rlverview cemetery.
Section 1. page 14.
Annual reoort of Chief of Police Clark ex
tols force for most active year, section
1, page 15. . .
University of Oregon students to hear prac.
tlcal advertising men m lectures mis
Spring. Section 1, page 15.
Child dies in fire that may prove fatal to
father and babe, section l, page Jo.
Dismissal of three city employes may raise
pension issue before City Council. Sec-
tion 1, page 13.
Great run promised at Ad Club "11115
Satire.", Thursday.- Section 1. page 14.
West gets advice from Senators who tell
him to follow law relative to woman
Senator case. Section 1, page 12.
Committee of one hundred opposed to any
change in law as drafted. Section 1,
West Side congregations Invited to join in
East Side revivals. Section 1. page 14.
Plans are afoot to bring Norwegian singers
at Fair here for Festival. Section 2.
page 5. 1
Senator Ragsdale. of Moro, favors all plans
to save state's money. Section 1, page 12.
Armory prepares for big Auto Show . of
January 2-'f-30. Section 4. page 5.
Fund of $500. 000 for Belgian aid sent to
Portland from London. Section 2. page 7.
HALF-MILL TAX FOB
Requests to Leg is la
FEDERAL GUARANTEE URGED
Appropriation of National
Funds Also Desired."
STATE AID STARTS FIGHT
Committee Instructed to Bring In
Resolution Presents It With Rec
ommendation Against Adop
tion Ferris Bill Omitted.
OFFICERS ELECTED BY ORE
GON IRRIGATION CON
GRESS. President, Asa B. Thompson,
Secretary, Fred N. Wallace,
First vice-president, J. W.
Brewer, Redmond (re-elected).
Second vice-president, John
Third vice-president, A. M.
Both direct taxation and bond issues
were recommended to the State Legis
lature by the Oregon Irrigation Con
gress yesterday as means of state aid
for irrigation enterprises.
Federal guarantee bonds for district
irrigation projects and direct appropri
ation of Federal funds procured by
mortgaging its unappropriated natural
resources within the state were in
dqrsed as feasible plans through which
the National Government can aid in
Much Asked of Legislature.
The State Legislature was petitioned
on numerous subjects, which, besides
the appeal to levy a tax of half a mill
on all property tn the state and sub
mit to the people a constitutional
amendment authorizing the state to is
sue bonds for irrigation work, includ
ed recommendations to turn the money
accruing from the farmers on the
Tumalo tract into the general state
treasury and reapportion it "under such
conditions as may seem proper," to
give the Tumalo settlers 20 years to
complete their payments, to revise the
irrigation code so that irrigation dis
tricts will have the governmental pow
ers of municipalities, to amend the law
so that corporations may vote as in
dividuals in irrigation districts, to re
peal ' the law fixing a tax on water
power filings, to give irrigation,distrcts
power to dispose of their surplus water
power., to adopt a drainage code, to
continue the appropriation for the im
migration commission, to maintain the
present system of making stream
measurements and topographic maps,
to co-operate with the Federal Govern
ment in investigating various individ
ual projects and printing reports on
them, to "make possible early comple
tion of the north canal unit of the Cen
tral Oregon irrigation project," and
then to exercise economy in its fur
No Action Taken on Ferris Bill.
Despite informal discussion of the
Ferris bill, now pending in the National
Congress and providing for further
Governmental regulation of the water
powers of the Western states, no action
was taken on this subject. The reso
lutions committee did not even report
The convention seemed to consider
itself satisfied with its three days' ses
sion, as it re-elected all Its principal
officers and acted unanimously on all
(Concluded on Page 10.)
Saturdays War Moves
SHOULD Roumanla. now that the
Russians are on the border if not
actually in Transylvania, decide to par
ticipate in the war on the side of the
allies, her army will provide the miss
ing link in the chain of troops winding
from the Baltic to the Adriatic, a dis
tance, roughly, of 1300 miles. This bat
tle line would be composed of Russians,
Roumanians, Servians and Montene
grins on the one side and Germans and
Austro-Hungarlans on the other.
While Roumanla has not taken the
fateful step-, the belief exists in the
countries of the allies that she soon will
do so. Other-developments are expected.
The relations between Greece and Tur
key have reached the breaking point
over the alleged ill-treatment of
Greeks in Asia Minor. Italy Is grow
Ing restless over Turkey's delay in gi
Ing satisfaction for the violation of th
Italian Consulate at Hodetda, from
which the British Consul, who sought
refuge there, was forcibly removed.
Italy, also, it is reported; has agreed
that Servla should have a port in the
Adriatic. Roumanla and Greece, It is
thought, however, may delay taking up
arms until Bulgaria, which wants
part of Macedonia, Is satisfied or the
last efforts fall to satisfy that coun
try, which is at present malntalnln
her neutralitv. for a hostile Bulgaria
on their borders would compel them
to divide their forces.
While there are no reports of star
tllng developments on the battlefields.
there are extremely important opera
tions now in progress in both east and
west. The Germans, simultaneously
with the renewal of their attacks on
the left bank of the Vistula, are de
veloping a new offennive from the di
rection of Mlwa on the Fast Prussian
frontier, which tho Russians are at
tempting to counter. Some of the Ger
man attacks on the Russian line, which
runs along the Bzura and KawKa riven
and thence southward to Opoczno and
along the Nida to Opatowlec, on the
lower Vistula, have been particularly
severe, but, according to the Russian
report, have been repulsed.
The thaw which has set in In South
ern Poland and Galicla has converted
the country Into a sea of mud and even
cleared the snow from the Carpathians,
so that fighting in this region is lmpos
sible. .. .
The French, after a heavy bombard
ment of the German positions between
the Oise and the western end of the
Argonne, and after suffering severe re
pulses, have advanced their fronts at
several points, particularly to the east
of Rheims. where their progress has
been slow but steady.
In Eastern Argonne the Germans
have been making a similar advance.
The progress which the French again
report in the vicinity of Flirey. in the
Woevre district, is of particular - 1m
portance, for should it continue they
will cut the road which links St. Mihlel
with Metz and may compel the Germans
to evacuate St. Mihiel, which they
gained long ago at great cost. The
Germans have sent reinforcements to
Alsace, where the French advance has
threatened to cut off Muelhausen from
'the rest of the German line, and have
BOMBS' HIT NEAR KAISER
British Aviators Take Advantage of
German Christmas Celebration.
AMSTERDAM, Holland, Dec. 27,
(Correspondence of the Associated
Press.) While the Christmas holidays
were still being celebrated at the Ger
man general headquarters, the British
eroplane scouts succeeded in locating
the place where the general staff was
housed and dropped several bombs in
the neighborhood, according to fugi
tives who have just arrived here. One
of the' bombs. It is said, exploded only
200 yards away from the" room where
the Emperor was dining.
The aviators were compelled to retire
under a strong shell fire from the anti
aircraft guns stationed near by. Titers
were no casualties.
Bar Association Chooses Salt Lake.
NEW YORK. Jan. 9. The next meet
ing of the American Bar Association
will be held at Salt Lake City, Utah,
on August 17, 18 and 19 next, the ex
ecutive committee decided at its meet-
ng here today. Applications from va
rious other cities were heard and con
sidered by the committee.
TO CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
Loaf One-Third Potato
COST IS MATERIALLY LOWER.
Hotel Puts Staple Recommend
ed by Kaiser on Menu.
PRICE OF WHEAT BREAKS
Threat in Congress Affevl Market
and Bakers Demand llellcf, but
Xo Kvidenro of Unlawful
Conspiracy Is Found. JJ
RECIPE FOR POTATO BltKAD.
Br LILIAN TINQIJC
One cake of fresh compressed
yeast, IVi quarts luknwartn
water, two tablespoons sugar,
one tablespoon salt, or more, to
taste; two tablespoons shorten
ing, L'i quarts smooth dry
mashed potatoes, three quarts
flour. Dissolve yeast and sugar
In quart of lukewarm water;
add enough sifted flour to make
sponge-batter. Beat well. Let
rise. Then ac- potatoes mixed
with one pint of water.
The potatoes should be hot
when mixed with water, but
must be cooled to lukewarm
before adding to sponge.
Add shortening, salt and flour
to make moderately firm dough,
knead until dough Is no longer
Btlcky, though pliable. Place In
greased bowl, cover and let rise
until light. Mold Into loaves and
place in warm gressed baking
Cover and let rise again. Bake
about GO minutes, reducing heat
of oven after first 10 minutes.
CHICAGO, Jan. 9. Although the
mere threat of an attempt to obtain
from Congress a war embargo on
breadstuffs was largely Instrumental
today In breaking the price of wheat
almost 4 cents a bushel, as compared
with top figures yesterday, Chicago
bakers, fighting a squeeze In the flour
market, took steps to get relief with
out waiting on legislation at Wash-
The United Stntes District Attorney s
office here was consulted and the
promise of a Federal inquiry as to
flour and wheat was obtained. If facts
were presented which seemed to de
mand Government notice.
Xo Conaplracr Discovered.
The representatives of the District
Attorney said, however, that no evl-
ence of any conspiracy to creats
artificial values in wheat and flour
had yet been discovered.
As a matter of relief some Chica
goans today ate K-bread and called It
good. If generally Hard, tha loaves
ne-thlrd potatoes and two-thirds flour
would materially lower living cost.
At one of the leading hotels K-bread.
"kartoffcl brod" (potato bread).
which the Kaiser recently Indorsed for
every household in liermany, was
President Canby, of the Chiracs
Board of Trade, discussed forcibly the
recent sudden rise In the price of
Natural I. aw I..Trr Price.
Those who are qualified to express
n opinion on wheat values by reawon
1 Concluded on 1'SK 2-1