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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 22
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY . MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1915.
PRICE FIVI5 CENTS.
VOL. XXXIV. -NO. 1.
BILL WITH LITERACY
TEST WINS, 50 TO 7
Senate Votes to
THREAT OF YETO IS IGNORED
Leaders Expect House to Ac
quiesce in Result. . . . .
EXCLUDED LIST ENLARGED
Department of Commerce and la
bor Required to Notify Congress
When Immigration Threatens
to Decrease Wage Kates.
t rEATtRES Or IMMIGRATION
BILL PASSED BV SEXAT1S
In general persons over 1 shall
i be required to be able to read
English or some language or dia
1 lect Including Yiddish.
Exception to literacy teat Is
J made of Belgian farmers who
come to tho United States with
J in ene year after the end of the
present European war.
J Persons fleeing from religious
persecution also excepted.
J Admissible alien may send for
t father or grandfather over 65, or
I for wife, mother, grandmother or
unmarried or widowed daughter,
t though such relative may be 11-
Persons of African race or
negro blood excluded.
Excluded list extended to take
In vagrants, the tuberculous and
persons who teach or advocate
unlawful destruction of property. .4
Departments of Labor and
Commerce to report to Congress
whenever expected- fnrmigration
4 threatens to increase" number of
unemployed or reduce wage stan-
WASHINGTON; Jan. 2. The Immi
gration "bill, containing the restrictive
literacy test for admission of aliens
which has been the obstacle in Immi
gration reform legislation for the
greater part of two Natonal Adminis
trations, passed the Senate late today
by a vote of 50 to T.
The overwhelming majority was re
corded despite the fact that President
Wilson had indicated he would veto
the measure, as did President Taft. If
It should come to him with the educa
tions! test Included.
Ve Mere Tfcnn Two-Tnlrda.
The vote in the Senate indicated that
the bill could be repassed by more than
the required two-thirds majority should
the president reject the measure. Sen
ators who voted against the bill were:
Brandegee. McCumber. Martine, O'Gor
Bian. Ransdell. Keed and Walsh.
The bill passed the House on Feb
ruary i last by a vote of 241 to 12.
Although the Senate amended the
House bill in several particulars, the
literacy test was unaltered, save for
an additional exemption to Belgian
subjects which was adopted today
after prolonged debate.
Hnaae Expected to Accept.
House leaders probably will ask for
a conference on Senate amendments on
Monday, but Administration leaders
were confident Senate amendments
would be accepted and the bill sent to
(Concluded on Pair ,)
: , 9 ' fllllwfllnlfj 4V nW ln4r a? gqqc, ot :
---------- - ---r-
DOUBLE MT. HOOD
IS SEEN BY SALEM
TWO PEARS, OXE ABOVE OTHER,
LOOM AFTER SEW TEAR'S.
Chief Justice Moore Says It Is First
Mirage Sighted by Him In
Oregon Odd View Lasting.
SALEM. Or.. Jan. 2. (Special.
Mount Hood played a dual role this
afternoon for the first time In Its his
tory o far as Salem folk know. From
this city there appeared two distinct
mountains, one on top of the other,
with a distinct dividing space. Frank
Moore, Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court, described the phenomenon as
mirage, and said although he bad lived
in Oregon many years it was the first
one he had witnessed In this state.
The phantom mountain was an exact
counterpart of the real one when first
witnessed about 2:30 o'clock. Its shape
changed a trifle half an hour later,
but until 4 o'clock there appeared two
mountains as near alike as ordinary
"I have often witnessed mirages on
the Atlantic Coast," said Judge Moore,
but this is the first one I have seen
in Oregon, and undoubtedly tne nrsi
time Mount Hood has so appeared since
came to this state. Sometimes
lrages are In an inverted position of
the real object, but it Is not the case
in this Instance, and I am glad to know
that the duplicate of the famous moun
tain was not topsy-turvy." .
According to the dictionaries mirages
are "optical effects sometimes seen on
the ocean, but more frequently on
deserts, due to total reflection of light
at the surface common to two strata
of air differently heated. The reflected
image is seen commonly In an inverted
position, while the real object may or
may not be in sight.
DUEL M0RAT0RUM IS ON
Frenchman Shall "ot Slay Country
man While War Is In Progress.
PARIS. Jan. 2. (Special.) A mora
torium on dueling has been declared
In France because of an Incident which
arose recently during a discussion in
A Drominent swordsman became
angry In discussing tho grand strategy
and issued a challenge to his adver.
sary. witnesses present ueciareu u.i
a Frenchman must not kill one of his
countrymen during the war, so the
duel has been postponed until peace has
ICE BREAKS: TWO DROWN
Lagoon In Chicago Park Scene of
Tragedy to Boys; Third Hurt.
CHICAGO, Jan. 2. Two boys were
drowned and a third was injured so
he mav die when their sled broke
through the Ice In a lagoon in Wash
In Eton Park today. William Jacques,
6 years old, and Joseph Dupres, 8,
were being pushed toward the center
of the pond by imam itusseu.
when the ice gave way.
The Russell boy was resuscitated an
hour later, but his recovery is doubt
HANDSHAKE COSTS $500
Judge Allows High Figure
Finger Is Crushed.
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 3. Five hundred
dollars was fixed as the price of a
handshake today by Superior Judge
John W. Shank, in the damage suit of
G. A. Markmann against C. B. Gallo
way. The evidence showed that Gallo
way's strong grip crushed one of Mark -mann's
fingers, necessitating its ampu
tation. The costly handclasp followed Gallo
way's assurance that the grip would
Aviators Exams Noncompetitive.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. Aeronautical
engineers and aviation mechanicians
and instructors may be appointed to
the Army aviation corps on non
competitive examination, according to
an executive order amending the civil
service rules, signed today by Presi-
J X N SF5 AFRAID SONy r-IseV r, V Z
KAISER'S PLACE OF
"In France" Is All That
Ever Is Said.
QUESTION NEYER IS ASKED
Place, However, Shows Ger
man System Admirably.
RULER'S HOURS - LONGEST
Order Restored Where Retreating
Enemy Left Chaps, and Damage
Repaired "Within Sound of
BY JAMES O'DONXELI BENNETT.
(War correspondent of the Chicago Trib
une. Published by arrangement with the
GREAT HEADQUARTERS OF THE
GERMAN ARMIES, Iec 10. They have
a saying In Germany that the location
of great headquarters, where the Em
peror spends much of his time, is
"everybody's secret. Few "secrets" of
that nature have ever been so little
An officer home on furlough may tell
his wife the name of the town where
general headquarters is and she may
tell her best friend. The rich mer
chant or the leading manufacturer in
many a provincial city knows the name
of that town and may let It slip out in
conversation, but if he does nobody at
the table Is supposed to notice the slip.
Many American Consuls and members
of their staffs could name the town
for you, but they don't not even men
tioning it In their reports to the State
Question Remalnn I 'a sited.
When I left great headquarters a few
days ago to spend an evening In an
other, city official American in that
city said: - I'.know where you have
been. How goes everything there
"With . The utmost precision I re
'I think' I know the namo of the
place,' said the American, adding, "but
I am not going to ask. you.- That Is
one of the things that Is not done.-'
Nor does anybody ask.
A German Consular attache was most
eager to know the name of the town.
not because it woulctdo him any good,
but from a natural curiosity. He made
some veiled guesses which were all
wrong, tut he would not ask the ques
tion point blank. A moment later he
apologized for even making the guesses.
Since the outbreak of the war great
headquarters has moved twice. At
first It was in Coblentz and the Em
peror lived in the old episcopal palace
which was built for the soldier-archbishop
of Clemens Wenceslaus in the
last quarter of the 18th century and
which was occupied 60 years ago by
the Emperor's grandfather when he
was Prince of Prussia and Military
Governor of the Rhine province. It
was likewise a favorite residence of
the Grand Empress Augusta, the Em
peror's grandmother, who had a great
affection for the beautifai City of Cob
After Coblentz great headquarters
moved on into the grand duchy of Lux
French Town Shelters Enemy Now.
At present it is well, not in Germany
nor yet in Luxembourg, but In a
handsome and interesting French town
on a beautmu river, xo it me im
press came from Berlin a few days ago
to spend her 57th birthday with the
Emperor. The papers made much of
the anniversary in a congratulating
wa but not one dispatch contained
(Concluded on Page 7.)
EVENTS IN THE PAST
I INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
JDATS MMlmum temperature, 4Ck2
. t ?s: minimum. 37.0 decrees.
3 A. .? Bain; south
V . Mar.
Foes at closer quarters on western battle
line. Section 1. page S.
Parity tame compared with days before war.
Section 1, pae fi.
Kaiser's "grand headquarters kept secret.
Section 1, page 1.
Taft says Filipino will not be ready for self-
government In generation. Section , 1,
Federal Court, refusing to. dissolve watch
company, says bigness alone Is not busi
ness crime. Section 1. page 0,
Specific protest -made to Britain because of
change in contraband list. Section
. page ti.
Order of Panama at San Diego bestows Its
greatest honor upon srx of Rosarlan party.
Section 1, page 1.
Toy dogs have their -day at -annual Now
York. show, section 1. page 1.
Speakers for Washington grain convention
selected, section -a; page
Polk County prune acreage Increases. Sec
tion 1, page 8.
Mirage showing two distinct Mount Hoods
Is seen at Salem. Section 1, page 1.
Clarence Bettls. slayer of Ralph Brown, hfi
employer, near Kaskela, surrenders in
cabin and confesses. Section 1, page T.
I Sports.-. ...
Fielder Jones says 25. Coast. Leaguers would
join St, Louis Federals, but he wants only
one pitcher. Section 3, page 1.
Passage of dry act In Arizona may keep
Beavers from training at Tucson, bee-
tion 2, page 1.
Bud Anderson not likely to seek more
. laurels, la view of ring world. Section
page . 4.
No British army officer of polo team yet
has been wounded. . Section 2, page 4.
Minor sports make gains In 1914 in Eastern
colleges. . Section Z, page 3.
Willie Ritchie sells bats at San Francisco
between bout. Section 2, page 4.
"Moose Johnson followed by train of accl
dents every season he plays In hockey
games, beet ton 2, page 3.
"Wild Bill' Donovan sixth of famous Brook
lyn champions of 1699 and 1800 to be big
league manager. Section 2. page o.
Big year of sports predicted for United
states, section ?age a.
Kelly clan atop In city bowling league. Sec-
tion 2, page Z.
BUI Is drafted to bar uie of automatic shot
guns by hunter a Section 2. page 2.
Many snowshoe and skt parties make ex
cursions to Mount Hood. Section A
Commercial and Marine,
Highest prices of season paid for oats In
local markets.- Section 3, page 13.
Wheat advances at Chicago on strong de
mand for export and milling. Section 2,
Linn ton has one of largest fleets ever as
sembled there. Section 2, page 6.
Storm may pass today and shipping take
usual course. . Section 2, page .
Automobiles and Roads.
Pacific highway may be perfected through
Washington, beet ion 4, page
Use of trucks on farms now general and
economy is proved. Section 4,. page 7.
Bulck on excursion overcomes worst road
conditions, section 4. page 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon building for Panama -Pacific Expo
sition Js . dedicated by Rosarlan s. Sec
tion 1, page 15.
Clash expected at Irrigation meeting over
question of Federal .and slate control,
Section 2. page 14.
C. C. Colt, president of TJnien Meat Com
pany, banquets half hundred represen
tatives, section 2, page 14.
William H. ("Billy") Bernard, former Baker
player, dies in New iorlc section 2,
Prominent Canadians will speak at irriga
tion congress. Section 2, page 14.
Woodlawn degree team of Oddfellows de
feats Hassalo for championship. Section
1, page IS
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2, page 13.
Seven Indicted for fraud in circulation of
recall petitions. . Section 1, page 1
O. J. Kaufmann, manager of Hotel Portland.
resign, section l, page iz.
Prohibition tax law revision and consolida
tions promise busy legislative session.
Section 1, page 13.
Granges In union meeting urge employment
or agricultural export by county, section
1. page 14.
Captain Frank P. Tebbetts writes his views
on National Guard to Representative
Gardner. Section 6, page 9,
Revival meetings In new Union Tabernacle
start tonight. Section 3, page 14.
Salary reductions certain to be issue before
Legislature, section l, page 13.
Prohibition law is drafted by committee of
one hundred. Section 1, page 18.
Plan for beautifying city to be decided on
at Tuesday's meeting. Section 1, page 16.
Members of State Senate to -oppose, seating
of man appointed by Governor xo fill
vacancy. Section 1,- page 19.
Roadmaster Teon In report- advises that
macadam surfacing be abandoned. Sec
tion 1. page 18.
204 Mines Ashore on Dutch Coast.
NEW YORK,- Jan. 2. More than 300
floating mines have drifted ashore on
the Dutch coast, according: to the com
mander of the Swedish steamer Yara,
Captain Willlngren, which arrived to
day from Rotterdam and Portland,
England. Captain Willlngren said that
he had passed three mines adrift in the
WEEK'S NEWS GET THE ATTENTION OF CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
OF PASSPORT FRAUD
Four Arrested on Liner
Y at New York.
OFFICER IS OUT ON PAROLE
Others, Including Prominent
Citizen, Are Involved. ,
CASE OF LODY IN MIND
State Department Save Action
Inspired by Desire to Protect
Americans Whose Papers
Aro Perfectly Good. .
NEW YORK, Jan. 2. An alleged con
spiracy to furnish German army off!
cers and reserviBts with American pass
ports fraudulently obtained, to enable
them to return to Germany from this
country without danger of molestation
by French or English authorities, was
brought to light today by the Depart
ment of Justice.
The disclosure came with the arrest
late today of Carl Ruroede, a former
agent for the Norllh German Lloyd
steamship line, and with the removal
from the outward-bound steamer Ber-
gensfjord of a German army officer and
three German reservists. All of them
were charged with conspiracy to de
fraud the United States Government
through tho use of American passports.
Soldiers Taken From Vewel.
The four soldiers were taken off the
steamer, which was bound for Bergen,
Norway, Just as she was passing quar
antine, and brought back to New York
on a revenue cutter. AH four bore
photographic passports, ' issued by the
State Department to Americans and
alleged to have been furnished them
by Ruroede. Other arrests are
pected in the. near future, on of
prominent German-American in . this
city. , .- - -
Ruroede said ton:ghtt according to
agents of the Department of Justice
who questioned him, that whatever he
had done had been done on his own
initiative and was inspired by patriotic
motives. He was held in $20,000 bail,
which he was unable to furnish tonight.
With him were arrested John Aucher,
his alleged associate, who was also
held in $20,000 ball, and Ruroede's 17-year-old
son, who was released on his
Lieutenant Is Paroled.
Tho German army officer, Lieutenant
Arthur Wilhelm Zacbse, was paroled
on his honor "as an officer and a gen
tleman", not to leave New York City
during the pendency of the present pro.
ceedings. The three reservists, Walter
Muller, August Meyer and Herman
Wegner, who recently came here from
Chile, were held in S5000 bail each.
There were detained also, under 1500
bail each, four others as material wit
nesses, two with American and two
with German names.
The arrests were the culmination, it
was said at the Department of Justice
here tonight, of an investigation which
has been in progress ever since tne ar
rest in England of Carl Lody, who
was subsequently executed in the Tower
of London as a German spy. Lody had
a passport issued to an American, and
it became known to tne Department of
Justice that other American passports
also were in the hands of German citi
zens. Peril to Americans Feared.
This discovery was of great concern
to the State Department, as it was
feared that Americans holding perfectly
good passports would be open to sus
picion and possible peril of their lives
(Concluded on Paso 7-)
Saturdays War Moves
ANOTHER BO men from the battle
ship Formidable, lost in the
English Channel on ' Friday, have
reached ' safety, after riding out a
fierce gale for upwards of 20 hours
an open cutter, making a total of 201
survivors out of a crew of 780.
The latest survivors landed at Lyme
Regis, on the Dorset coast, late Fri
day night All were in a state of ex
haustion after their experience. They
declare that there, is little hope of
any further survivors, as the tremen
dous sea which was running at th
time, would in.uk e it impossible for me
to live lung enough to be picked
by passing vus-hkIm. while manyofthos
clinging to the wreckage undoubtedly
were killed when the second, ex
The Admiralty has not Issued any
statement inreference to the cause of
the disaster or where it occurred.
The land fighting, which is sporadic,
in the West, but more continual in th
East, has brought about no material
change in the situation. The artillery
ie playing the biggest part along th
Western front, although at points there
has been close range righting in which
a few yards have been gained or lost
. The Germans deny the French report
that they have been driven out of
part of the village of Stelnbacn, Uppe
Alsace, which has been the sceno of
sanguinary fighting for a week, the
infantry finding cover behind th
There have been engagements on th
Rivera Bzura and Rawka, in Poland,
but seemingly the Germans are no
nearer Warsaw than they were
week ago. They have . begun often
sive operations in the direction of
Kielce. one of the largest towns of
Southern Poland, which doubtless has
for its object the holding up of th
Russian advance through Galicia on
Another attempt on the part of the
Germans to advance from Mlawa to
divert the Russian threat to outflank
their center by crossing the lower Vis
tula, northwest of Warsaw, has been
checked by the Russians.
According to Petrograd reports, the
Russians continue to sweep the Aus-
trians westward along the Southern
Galiclan Railway toward Grybow and
Neusandec and out of the northern foot
hills of the Carpathians. The Musco
vites also are credited with having
organized a new campaign against Hun
gary, advancing In four columns along
the mountains. This, it is said, will
not be like previous raids, but will be
a regular invasion.
Further east the Russians are march
ins across Bukowina, not far north of
the Roumanian frontier, toward Tran
sylvania.' It Is considered likely Rou
manlan action Will be hastened by this
On the Caucasian front where Field
Marshal Von Der Goltz is to take com
mand, the Turks have assumed the of
fensive and crossed the Russian fron
tier at three points. Heavy fighting is
now reported to be in progress. , I
By request of King George today will
be observed as a day of Intercession,
and special prayers for the success of
the allies' arms will be offered in every
church and every chapel of all creeds
and religions in the kingdom.
In an Orange book issued at the in
stance of the Russian Minister for For.
elgn Affairs at Petrograd, it Is charged
that the Independence of the Ottoman
empire "vanished definitely from the
moment that the German cruisers Goe
ben and Breslau took refuge In the
Dardanelles," and that the German ships
under German command made "an at
tack on the peaceful shores of an em
pire which was maintaining perfect
neighborly relations with the Turks."
CUPID MAKES RESOLUTION
License a Minute Issued Chicago
Couples Who Desire to Marry.
CHICAGO, Jan. 2 Cupid started the
new year with a rush here today, the
marriage license bureau, with three
extra clerks employed, issuing a permit
"Best resolution you could make,"
was the greeting of Louis Legner, chief
clerk, to the first embarrassed couple
which came to him.
GREATEST HONOR IS
If! BY RUSARIANS
San Diego's Order of
Panama Admits Six.
EXCLUSIVE DEGREES ARE GIVEN
Secretary McAdoo and John
Barrett Also Initiated. '
FAREWELL DINNER SERVED f
Oregon rmlr Commission, Genera I
Flnier, J. E. Wrrlein and Phil S.
Bates Decorated Former Ore
gonlons Greet Visitors.
BT DEAN COLLINS.
BAN DIEGO, Cal.. Jan. 1 (8ta?
Special.) Six of th members of th
Royal Rosarlan party received th
honorary Jewels and membership In
the Order of Panama here this even
ing, at the same time similar honor
was conferred upon Secretary of th
Treasury McAdoo and upon John Bar
rett, president of the Tan-American
Union, and Mayor Rolph, of Han Fran
cisco. The three members of the Oregon
Commission to the Panama-Pacf flc Ex
position O. M. Clark, chairman: W. U
Thompson, secretary, and John F.
Logan were first decorated, and after
them Adjutant-General W. E. Flnaer,
representing Governor West J. F
Werlln, representing Mayor Albee. and
Phil H. Bates, chairman of the ex
cursion and official representatives of
the Portland Roue Festival, received
the decorations of the Order of Panama
and were initiated.
Rmirltii Greatly IJonered, .
The Order of Panama, as a rule,
confers degrees only upon prominent
representatives of foreign governments.
When the Rosarlans vlsltad San Diego
two years ago and th order of Pan.
ama initiated If Rosarlans. th distinc
tion was unique In th history of th
order and was regarded as the high
est honor that could be bestowed upon
the visiting party.
Sine that time such an honor has
been conferred Only on representative.
of the United States Government or
foreign governments and upon'th
heads of Important cities, such as San
Francisco, Only flvsofthe If Rosarlans
upon whom tho degree mras conferred '
two years ago wer with th party
this time and they assisted In th
ceremony of Initiation, They wero W,
J. Hofmann, Robert Krohn, Georg I
Hutch In. M. N. Dana and Dean Col
lins. The ceremonies were held In th
New Mexico building.
Oregonlaa Arm Orecter.
Women of th Rosarlan party wer
met at tho train by a committee of
women from the Oregon Society of
San Diego and escorted to the Grant
Hotel, where they wero entertained at
breakfast At th depot great poln-
settia blossoms were distributed among
all th visitors.
Wlnfield Hogaboom. former vlc-
presldent of the Pacific Coast Festival
Association, of which Gorg L. Mutch.
In Is president waited upon th Ro
sarlans at the hotel with D. C. Collier,
and arranged for their prtlclpatlon
in th military and naval parad of
As at Pasadena, th Rosarlan band
and its white uniformed marchers and
dancers with their palmleaf fans, mad
th great hit of the parad and Perl- -land
was cheered all along th rout
of th parade.
Farewell Dinner Served.
In the beautiful plasa of th axponl-
tlon grounds th visitors wer el
eomed by George A. Davidson, prl.
(Conclue.a on Pas. 11