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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 20
VOL,. XXXIII NO. 51.
PORTLAND. OREGON, SUNDAY 3IORNING, DECE3IBER 20, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BATTLE ON BZURA
Petrograd Reports New
Angle of Fighting.
'GERMANS BEATEN ON VISTULA
Vienna Says Russians Are
Losing in Galicia.
CARPATHIANS ARE QUIET
Garrison of Przemysl Slakes Sortie
and Captures Several Hundred
Prisoners Russian losses
.Described as Enormous.'
' PETROGRAD, Dec. 19. The follow
ing official communication was issued
tonight from general headquarters:
"On the right bank of the Vistula
(North Poland) there has been no
change. An attempt by the enemy to
proceed from the right bank of the
- Vistula near Dobreyn was repulsed by
artillery fire. The enemy has been com
' pelled to evacuate quickly an island in
the Vistula which he had occupied. We
seized at this point several pontoon
"The fighting on the Bzura River has
begun to develop. We have repulsed
several German attacks in other re
gions. On the left bank of the Vistula
there have been engagements only by
Thousand Germans Captured.
"In West Galicia, on the left bank
of tho Dounaietz, on the night of De
cember 17-18, we captured as many as
1000 prisoners belonging to a German
division which already had been en
gaged In this regioin.
"A strong force from tho Przemysl
rarrison attempted to open the railway
in the direction of Biercza, southwest.
Our troops are fighting here under fa
VIENNA, via Amsterdam and Lon
don, Dec. 19. The following official
communication was issued today:
"Our' forces which afvauccd beyond
the line from Krosno to Zakliczyn
again met with stubborn resistance
yesterday. Violent fighting is also pro
ceeding on the lower Dunajec (Galicia).
'.. Tho Russian rearguards, who had
. made a dogged stand on the western
bank of the river, were almost com
RnKxIana Routed In South Poland.
"In South Poland fighting continued,
the enemy being routed. Our cavalry,
which on Thursday evening entered
Jendrzejow, has reached the River
Nida. . Farther north the Austro-Ger-man
allies have crossed the River
"From the Carpathians there is no
" Jiewa except of minor engagements,
(with results favorable to our troops.
"From Przemysl our troops made a
oortie without meeting serious resist
ance and captured several hundred pris
oners." BERLIN, Dec. 19 (by Wireless to Say
lUe, N. Y.) In the absence of further
advices regarding the reported German
victory in Russian Poland the German
newspapers contain little comment on
the situation in that war arena. In
deed, while it is announced that the re
tiring Russians are being followed up,
nothing Is known of the character of
their retirement or of the pursuit, and
no details have been made" public of
Field Marshal von Hindenburg's suc
cess. BTerrra From Belgium Expected.
In view of the conservative charac
ter of German official reports issued
today, the announcement made on Fri
day that the situation in the region of
Nieuport, Belgium, continues favorable
(Concluded on Papa 6.)
1? p ffi
I '" J I &y
BULLS OUT NIGHTS
MUST HAVE LIGHTS
MOTORIST JL4V BUMP WITH IM
PUNITY THOSE WITHOUT.
Dairyman Whose Bovine Was Not
Lit Up When He Took Night Stroll ,
on Street Gets No Damages., ,
If bulls are to run at large on the
streets of Portland at night, they must
have lights on them, in the opinion of
a jury of six men in District Judge
Jones' court Friday night.
Fritz Kocher. a dairyman, alleged 1n
his complaint that an auto truck be
longing to the Sterret & Oberle Packing
Company had struck and killed one of
his bulls at Thirty-third street and
Columbia boulevard. He asked J200
"The animal was not tide and was
not displaying any lights, so the driver
couldn't see liim," declared Attorney
Conrad P. Olson, in answering the
complaint. He also brought forth an
ancient city ordinance which prohibited
any kind of livestock except milch cows
from running at large on the streets.
"Well, how yuh gonna hang any
lights on this bull?" demanded one of
the jurors, who had listened to the
evidence. "He didn't have any horns."
After being out an hour and a half
the jury returned a. verdict for the de
fendant on the grounds that a bull not
displaying lights has no business on a
public thoroughfare at night.
COTTON MILLS TO REOPEN
Massachusetts Looms Stimulated by
Prospect of New Orders.
LOWELL, .Mass.. Dec. 19 Orders
were given by which the machinery "of
the Tremont and Suffolk cotton mills
will be run 24 hours a day, beginning
Monday. This applies particularly to
the weaving department.
About 400 employes will be hired on
the extra orders. An expected demand
for fabrics early in the year is 'given
as the reason for the Increase In pro
MRS. GOELET IS WEDDED
Henry Clews, Jr., Becomes Husband
.of Keccnt Divorcee.
NKW , YORK, Dec 19. Mrs. Robert
Goelet was married today at her home
here to Henry Clews, Jr., the ceremony
being performed by the Rev. Mr. Pat
ton, of Wayne, Pa., the bride's former
Mrs. Goelet, whose maiden name was
Elsie Whelan, sometime agv obtained
aTdlvbrCe" Vr Rhode Island from Robert
Goelet, a. New York society man and
33,000 RUSSIANS TAKEN
Anstro-Hungarian Armies In ' Gali
cia Report Successes.
THE HAGUE, via London. Dec. 20.
The total number of Russians captured
by the Austro-Hungarlans in Galicia
in the last few' days is reported by
Vienna dispatches to be 33,000.
After the fighting at Limanowa 26,
000 Russians were captured. It Is as
serted that the number of Russians
killed is exceedingly large, 1200 dead
being found at Limanowa alone.
SUPER-ZEPPELINS ON WAY
Kig-hteen Expected to Attack Britain
and Its Fleet in Spring.
LONDON, Nov. 26. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) A corre
spondent of the Turin Stampa, who' says
he has had access to the Zeppelin s-heds
at Frledrichshaven, says that 18 superr
Zeppelins will take part in an attack
on Britain and Its fleet in the Spring.
The correspondent says that every
three weeks an airship leaves the works
for a secret destination. ...
Toledo Times Publisher Dies.'
TOLEDO. O., Dec. 19. George ' W.
Dun, publisher of the Toledo Times,
died suddenly today. Dun was stricken
in his office. He was ill only a half
hour. Heart failure is supposed to
have been the cause of death.
No Fear Known by Sim-ple-Minded
CAMPS MADE COMFORTABLE
James 0'Donnell Bennett De
scribes Life on Firing Line.
HOME IS ALWAYS IN MIND
Men in Ranks Suffer Fewer Hard
ships Than Officers Domiciled '
In Bleak French Chateaus
Miles In Rear.
BY JAMES O'DONTSTELT, BENNETT.
(War correspondent of The Chicago Trib
une. Published by arrangement with The
TRIBUNE BUILDING ON THE FIR
ING LINE IN COTES LORRAINE, Dec.
1- Without seeming to gush, it is im
possible to describe the atmosphere of
exhilaration which the presence of
thes, gallant, impetuous, sentimental
Bavarians for we are in the Bavarian
camp creates. Our camp is on the tre
mendous firing line that extends from
Verdun on the north to Toul on the
south. We are about midway of that
line. They are as eager as children
and almost as naive, these huge Bava
rians who love fighting and singing,
and are equally proficient in both.
In the mud below and In the swaying
treetops above, where the lookouts are,
I have spent with them on this chill
Lorraine hillside some 'of the most
stimulating hours of my life. Sheer,
raw excitement blurs the dreadful
meaning of the scene and its activi
ties, and a man is not ashamed to con
fess that he is happy. The steady
pounding of German and French bat
teries on each Bide of the valley below
beats on his ears. Shells come singing
over the fields, but the French gun
ners have not yet found out this camp
and their fire is directed to points from
a third to a half mile distant.
Mnllaw, but Deep in Mud.
The man is in mud above the ankles,
but he is happy. The days are gray and
sometimes the chill rain lashes through
overcoat, khaki jacket and woolen
sweater to the skin, but he is happy,
for he is getting through with a dis
heartening absence of peril, a touch of
the pictorial thrill of the most drastic
of human activities the business which
men call war.
This camp in the rugged Cotes Lor
raine is six weeks old, and its. routine
has become thoroughly established. For
miles around the country rolls away in
stretches field, woodland and wild hill
side. Much of the region is traversed
by thickly wooded heights and depres
sions, and among them an army must
move with special caution. In times of
peace the woodland is the resort of
poachers, who in war times have turned
franctireurs and occasionally pick off
a German officer traveling without ade
quate escort. '
Germai Clean l Villages.
Most of the villages hereabout seem
squalid and Insanitary, and when a
German division or corps commander
establishes his headquarters in one of
them almost the first order he gives
sets 200 -or H)0 soldiers to removing
manure from pits in front of the houses
to fields half a mile away. The result
is that many a village in Northern
France is cleaner today than It has
been since the' Franco-Prussian war.
The famous French roads are not
holding. up well under' the new traffic
of artillery and ammunition trains.
Only the middle of the road bears the
strain.' The sides are slipping away.
So the Germans repair them as they go
(Concluded on Page 6. )
ARE - CAST BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON SOME
5,0OO-Il A7VCH DEAL GIVES
' OF PROGRESS.
'According -to the terms of a
large realty transaction closed
in Portland yesterday, through
the agency of Mrs. J. Robbins,
A. Welch purchased a well
equipped 1900-acre stock ranch
located at. Sutherlin, Douglas
County, from J. F. . Luse, of the
Luse Land Company, of Suth
erlin, at a valuation of $95,000
As part payment for the ranch
Mr. Welch tenders Mr. Luse title
to his beautiful home at 406 East
Twenty-fourth street and the
half block on which . this resi-,
dence stands. This parcel is ac
cepted by' Mr. Luse -at a valua
tion of $43,000, the balance being
paid In-cash. Stock and imple
ments now on the ranch are in
cluded in the purchase.
Earlier' in the month a deal
was closed at Roseburg where
the Pacific Land Company,
' vhich Mr. Welch is president,
..d Mr. Luse $90,000 for the 904
acre stock farm known as the
Brown ranch, situated not far
south of Sutherlin.
Mr. Welch for many years has
been a prominent railroad man
and landowner of Oregon. Be
sides being president of the Pa
cific Land Company, he is man
ager of the Washington-Oregon
Corporation, with offices "" in
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 31
degrees; minimum, 23 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northeasterly winds. .
Allies advancing over swampy ground: Brit
ish lose soma trenches gained Krlday.
Section 1, page 6.
American Christmas gifts for children of
fallen German soldiers received. In Berlin.
Section 2, page 14.
James O'Donnell Bennett In camp wtth Ba
varians on Hiring line. Section 1, page 1.
Houm to consider postal reforms, but will
not cut postmasters salaries or substi
tute contract system on rural routes.
Section 1, pase 1.
J. P. Morgan said to hav lost millions buy
in a- railroad without Investigation. Sec
tion J. page 3.
Railroads placing Immediate orders for
new equipment, lollowing rate increase.
Section t. page 5
Commercial and Marine.
BurotiMti demand for barley and oats re
ported. Section 2, page 13.
Wheat prices climb fast at Chicago and
orders are unfilled Section 2 page 13.
Trading In stocks is narrqw and 'prices are
Irregular at close. Section 2, page 13.
Gram linr Santa Clara on way here w!tn
. 25St tons of supplier, fleet's second
largest cargo. Section 2, pago 1 4.
Craft going to relief of Ill-fated steamer
Stranger frozn In Columbia River ice
field. Section 2. page 1.
Keal Kfetate and Building.
Two big deals Vesture realty market of
week. Section 4, cage 8.
Lease of Takea Summer and -Albert mark
, bis project. Section 4, page 8.
Automobile and Roads.
California's new auto law called ideal. Sec-
ttoa 4. page 5.
Henry H. Joy says trade is hurt more by
spellbinders than by war. Section 4,
Autos haul much freight. Section 4, page 3.
La too re II road may be closed. Section 4,
OREGON FARMERS ACTIVE
Ccniral Part of'Statc Now Has 10
Per Cent More Winter Wheat.
Central Oregon now has 10 per cent
more Winter wheat in the ground than
a year ago and the prospects are that
the planting of Spring wheat will ex
ceed the 1914 acreage by 20 per cent,
says W. C. Wilkes, assistant general
freight and passenger agent of the
North Bank and allied roads, who has
Just returned from- a week's invasion
of the interior districts.
The present high prices of grain due
to the European war and other causes,
explains Mr. Wilkes, are responsible
for the increasing activity among
farmers in the wheat-growing regions.
They are beginning to take kindly
to corn culture, too. he says, and will
plant heavily this Spring.
AGREED TO BY LANE
Secretary Favors Ap
CO-OPERATIVE IDEA DROPPED
Work in Oregon Without Con
dition Is Indorsed.
STATE'S CLAIM ADMITTED
Even More Than Sum Mentioned
May Be Allowed If Necessary to
Complete Project Indorsed by
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 19. Secretary Line, after
a long conference today wtth Repre
sentative Sinnott and Senator Cham
berlain, expressed his willingness that
Congress snould appropriate., without
condition. $4 50,000 for the construction
of a Government Irrigatic a project in
Eastern Oregon, and sai he possibly
might favor the appropriation of a
larger amount, if It should develop that
$450,000 would be inadequate.
He gave assurance to both members
of the Oregon delegation that he would
not insist on a new appropriation by
the Oregon Legislature to match the
amount appropriated by Congress.
Official Correspondence Quoted.
In the course of the conference. Sen
ator Chamberlain and Representative
Sinnott quoted extensively to Secretary
Lane .from official correspondence
bearing on the co-operative sgreement
and insisted that this correspondence,
while perhaps not as definite as might
be desired, certainly justified tho inter
pretation that has been placed on it by
the people of Oregon.
They reviewed the negotiations from
beginning to end, and impressed on the
secretary that the ' Government is
morally obligated to expend In Oregon
much, more than the amount mw In
I.ane Denies State Co-Operated.
The Secretary would not yield in his
personal view of what was intended by
the co-operative agreement, and. as sus
taining his contention, pointed out that
the state at no time co-operated with
or even consulted the Government about
the Tumalo project which it recently
completed. Plans of the state project
never were sent to Washington for in
spection or approval, nor has the In
terior Department or Reclamation Serv
ice been advised from time to time as
to the progress made with the state
Rather, the Secretary said, the state
has built the Tumalo project as an in
dependent state enterprise, and had
Governor West and State Engineer
Lewis regarded that project as part of
thev co-operative " scheme, he thought
they certainly would have advised with
Government engineers and authorities
from" time to time.
Secretary Waives Condition.
However, after hearing all that Sena
tor Chamberlain and Representative
Sinnott had to say. Secretary Lane an
nounced his willingness to withdraw
the condition he suggested should be
attached to the appropriation to be
mad o by Congress, and if the irrigation
committee, after bearing all the facts,
is willing to make an unconditional ap
propriation of $450,000, or even more,
for building a new irrigation project
in Kastern Oregon, he will approve that
Ho will insist, however, that ap
propriation made, be spent on tha
project found most feasible by engi
neers of the Reclamation Service who
Concluded on Page 6.)
LEADING EVENTS IN
4W"v uycLJ? GSrs
PrfO TSJZ- SflkMJF OLD
&SFV V y AS
Saturday s War Moves
I T 13 thought possible Berlin's cele
bration of a great German victory
In Poland was premature. All the Ger
man headquarters say of the. battle
there in today's dispatches is that the
pursuit of the enemy continues.
The Russian official report received
tonischt says the engagements which
have taken place on the left bank of
the Vistula have been nothing more
than outpost affairs. In these the Rus
sians would seem to have been engaged
in holding the Germans while the Rus
sian main force was forming along the
Bzurna River, where a battle is begin
ning to develop, and the German attack
Is said to have been repulsed.
As was expected, the Germans made
an attempt to cross the Vistula in an
endeavor to outflank the Russians, but
this was frustrated by a destructive fire
from the Russian artillery and the seiz
ure of the pontoon bridges.
Despite the desperate work facing
them in North Poland, the Russians
continue their operations in East Prus
sia and against Cracow, while in West
ern Galicia they are taking up posi
tions along the Dounaietz River in an
attempt to stop the now. of the Austro
Part of the Przemysl garrison has
made a sortie in force in an attempt
to open the railway to the southwest,
and is giving battle to the Russian
With the Germans strongly entrenched
and the ground in bad condition, the
offensive movement of the allies in Bel
gium and France is making slow prog
ress. At several other points, however,
the French official report records the
capture of German trenches. The of
fensive is beirlg pushed with consider
able force in Flanders and from the
Belgian border south to the River Olse.
where the line turns eastward.
The Germans keep up violent counter
attacks, and by these and the use of
mines have in some cases succeeded in
preventing the allies from following up
Similar tactics are being adopted by
both sides along the rest of the front,
with gains and losses which are marked
in fractions of miles. The allies have
brought up an enormous weight of
artillery, which they are using to clear
the way for the infantry.
In a message from Antwerp to the
Amsterdam Telegraaf it is said that the
Germans, In preparation fur a possible
retirement, are constructing a line of
defense across Belgium from the
Scheldt along the Dendre River to
Maubeuge. on the French frontier. This,
even if true, might be considered only
a measure of precaution.
The German cruisers which raided
the Kast coast of Kngtand succeeded
In sowing a large mine held. In ad
dition to the three steamtrH previously
reported as having been destroyed, a
mine sweeper which- was engaged in
clearing the s$as was blown up yes
terday and it 'is reported two other
vessels met a like fate. This ocoured
while the funerals of the victims of tho
bombardment at Scarborough and the
Hartlepool were being held.
While the motor secton of the South
African defence force is gathering in
the remainder of the scattered rebels,
the main army is forming on the Ger
man South African frontier, where the
advance guards are in touch.
ALLIES GET WAR MUNITIONS
Germany, Huss-la, Belgium Xor Scr
via Procure American Make.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. In response
to Senator Hitchcock's resolution for
information on shipments of war muni
tions from the United States. Secre
tary Redfield submitted today a report
giving data, so far as available. There
are 15,000 firms in the country, he said,
that could export munitions, and it
has been impossible to make a com
He said shipments of ammunition
since tho war were chiefly to the
United Kingdom and France.- For
October munition exports to them to
taled $1,104,744 worth of cartridges,
1539,360 worth of firearms and $1114
worth of gunpowder. Since the Kiiro
pean war began there is no record of
shipments of war munitions to Ger
many, Russia. Belgium or Scrvia.
Lister Proclaims Saturday Holiday.
OLYMPIA, Dee. 19. Governor Lister
today proclaimed Saturday. December
2fi. a legal holiday in the State of Washington.
THE PAST WEEK'S NEWS.
HOUSE TO CONSIDER
3 Burleson Schemes,
POSTMASTERS' SALARIES SAFE.
Contract System cf Rural De
livery. Also Blocked.
MEMBERS IN WORDY WAR
Moon and Hclflin Advance Toward
Each Other Threateningly
When Members Interfere
in Interests of Peace.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. After two
days of hot words, which culminated
today in an exchange of invitations to
personal combat between Representa
tives Heflin. of Alabama, and Moon, of
Tennessee, the House adopted a special
rule to consider legislation for reforms
demanded by 4 the Postoffice Depart
ment in connection with the annual
postal appropriation bill.
A defection of Democrats from the
leaders yesterday defeated a similar
rule, which provided for consideration
of amendments decreasing postmasters'
salaries, the elimination of assistant
postmasters, experimental substitution
of contract service for the rural de
livery service, increased salaries for
rural carriers, changes in the compen
sation paid railroads for carrying the.
mails and other reorganization plans
for the department.
' ro.tm.nter' alarlc Retained.
The rule was passed late today wil;i
the provisions for cutting postmasters'
salaries, abolishing assistant postmas
ters and the rural service substitution
A speech by Representative Moon,
following the defeat of the original
rule, in which ton intimated that some
"railroad influence" had operated to
shift Democratic votes, caused a bitter
debate today. - "
Representative Heflin, . of- Alabama,
after half an hour of argument with
Mr. Moon, denounced his statemsnt as
false and untrue.
Mrralwr. Threaten i-'.ch Other.
Representative Moon challenged him
to make the asaine comment off -the
floor of the House, and Representa
tive Heflin expressed his willingness
to do so. Both members were ad
vancing toward each other in a threat
ening manner when half a dozen mem
bers stepped in between them.
Republican Leader Mann, who had
led the fight on the original rule, re
newed the controversy in concluding
dt-b;ite on the revised measure.
"The charge has been made on tliis
floor." ho said, "that the influence of
railroad interest has been felt In this
Houe. 1 believe it is the duty of the
House, if the charge ia not true, to
repudiate the chargo and condemn the
man who made it.
11 ooti Hsc-laitns Reflection.
"If it is true, then the House owes
it to-itself to. investigate the charge
and punish those men ' whose votes
have been changed by railroad Influ
ence." A little later Representative Moon,
in a brief speech, disclaimed any In
tention to "reflect on the honor or
Integrity of any member of the House."
He said that his speech was made In
the heat of debate and "may have been
a little too rough."
He oftered to withdraw any of
fensive language he might have used.
Australian Battle Cruiser Sails.
LIMA. Peru, Dec 19. The Australian
battle cruiser Australia safed from