THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, OCTOBER 4. 1914. GUM TURRET VITAL POINT OF FORTRESS BATTLE LINES OF A WEEK AGO AND OF- TODAY. Developments at Liege Show Why -So Much Money Is Spent to Obtain Secrets. BELGIAN WORKS OUTDATED 9 i s r : 1 K "V V. X r,rrr. I V S fCTST JVIS Ks&tSSsk N 1 aky mo . - Cv. r r r r r r V fij:QUyrAXi f - I (jy-!j3cr 7" 7" r 3 c : I: ; t - u n : 1 1 s z f i I i 5: U i : r ; ; : : f 5 z : 15 U n U Nation Only Recently Awake to Ne cessity for Improvement and 3fow Additions It Ordered Are Be- -Ing Installed by Germans. LIEGE, fa'ept. 11. (Correspondence of the Associated Press.) Surprise is oft en, expressed that so much money and effort are spent in setting plans of fortresses m time of p ,ce and that the vigilant efforts are made to pre vent espionage in fortified places, while general outlines and weak spots of a fortress must be disclosed as soon as & eerious attack is launched against it In time of war. A visit to the battered and shell-rent forts of Liege, under the guidance of German artillery and engineer officers now engaged in restoring the Belgian fortress, indicates one reason at least for this mystery. This is to prevent the enemy from learning in advance 'the location of the gun turrets. Liege proved that these turrets, despite the heaviest armor and many feet of ce ment wall protection, are vulnerable to modern artillery once their c- loca tion is established. Turrets Withstand Bombardment. Each fort virlted showed scenes of Titanic devastation and destruction. Great, gaping holes were opened in the earth wherever shells from big siege mortars landed, debris of stone and cement fragments littered the sur face within the fort enclosure to a depth of a foot or more, the cement walls of the revolving gun turrets were battered, cracked and smashed, and their armor-p.ate roofs showed great dents where shells had landed; but with few exceptions the turrets were still intact, despite the heavy bombard ment. The guns were put out of action, not by shells penetrating the turrets, but because the turrets themselves jammed, making the aiming of the can non impossible. The German shells, even those of the dreaded 16-inch siego mortar, had bounded off the armored roffs, leaving deep marks and splashes where they had exploded, but without penetrating, but those striking the concrete casing had "racked off fragments which filled up the space between turret and casing, effectively jamming the turning ma chinery. German Turrets Better Hidden German artillery experts say that the gun turrets in German fortresses have the same general construction and the same weakness, but point out that In case of attack much time must be spent in locating the turretB, for which hidden positions are skilfully chosen. At Liege the forts were on the sum mits of ridges, with the gun position in plain view for miles, so that the German artillery, even without the ex istence of their maps of the fortresses, could drop their shells upon the tur rets as upon the bullseye of a gigantic The forts themselves. In the opinion of the German officers, were well laid out and well designed for forts of their -24 to 26 years dui we teis " since then Had done nmo v up to date. Only of late had they awakened to the necessity of modern izing the forts by putting In a better system of fire control and more tele phones and had placed orders with German firms for the necessary electric wiring and plant and for additional cannon. They are now being installed, but by the Germans, with the aid of the original fortress plans captured when Liege fell. . Socialist Opposes Annexation. A most interested spectator during the inspection trip was Dr. Liebknecht, the Socialist Deputy, whom the for-io- rsnnrisd executed early in the war. He enjoyed the special favor of the army officers In cnarge 01 ino ... Thir oxnLa.na.Uon3 were ad dressed to him; the Governor of the Fortress Liege. General Goleve, camo . .. ..inm him. After his inspection of Liege, Dr. Liebknecht departed for Louvain and Brussels, where he was x,ith the same favor. Dr. M.hVn.rht will not hear of the annex ation of Belgium or any part of it, a condition of peace on wnicn ine supe nstrint.i already have set their ' ' - "The minute that an attempt is made to incorporate Belgium or any part of it in Germany, that minute the boasted thia fierman carties will dls aoDear." he said to the representative ,i, antral staff who accompanied him in the automobile ride around the I I fort girdle. H BANK AFFAIRS PROBE OVER i t I Receiver for Defunct Raymond Trust t Company to Be Asked. t I RAYMOND. Wash.. Oct. 3. (Special.) i ; Assistant State Bank Examiner Hay 5 1 in whi has had charge of the Ray- i I mond Trust Company since its failure . last week, has practically compieieo. his examination of the affairs of the ; defunct bank and probably will issue : S some statement of the condition of the 1 : institution early next week. t i It is expected that application will I " be made for a receiver, after which the affairs of the bank will be wound up as speedily as possible. There are three applicants for the position. C. W. Reed, of the realty firm of Lewis & Reed of this city, has the indorsement of local depositors, while W. P. Cressy and A. V. Hammond, of South Bend, are also out for the position. f ; Talk on Play Given Normal Pupils. 5 i OREGON NORMAL SCHOOL, Mon mouth. Or., Oct. 3. (Special.) The fac ulty and students of this school heard a lecture by Miss Marie Ruth Hofer on The Evolution of Play." Above all things she urged the girls not to play baseball. She says, "that girls playing k-all will lead to the rough, rude, vulgar ilass of people." Germany Building 50 Submarines. LONDON. Oct. 3. The German flock--aiHu are working with feverish enerary, says a Copenhagen .dispatch to the Daily Mail, r uty supmarines are being built, it Is reported, the sub marine successes having made the Ger man public clamor for more ships of this kind. Xew York Park to Get Joan of Arc. NEW YORK, Oct. 3. A committee of nrominent men and women announced todav that it had engaged Miss Anna Vaughq Hyatt to make an equestrian statue or joan oi Arc m in pivcu in one of the city's public parka. German Right, Whl-1t n Week Ako Had Where Heavy Figatlng Occurred Saturday. Sixth French Army Is Bearing Brunt of Attack by German Klth Line Extends Eastward, and Beyond Soissons Is Practically Identical With That at a Week Ago. Continued A Left to Outflank Each Otber Have Served Gradually to Extend the Line Northwnrd Almost to Arras, Which FAMINE NOT FEARED German Vice-Chancellor Says Economic Position Strong. IDLENESS ON DECREASE Measures Taken to Divert Labor Front Unemployed, to Busy l)e partments General Mora torium Not Expected. BERLIN. Oct. 3. via The Hague and London. Germany's position economi cally and financially Is such aa will enaole her to carry the war to a suc cessful conclusion. In the opinion of Vice-Chancellor Clemens Delbrueck. The country cannot be starved out, said the Vce-Chancellor in an interview to day. Unemployment was steadily decreas ing, with from 6.000,000 to 6,000,000 in the field, he said. Many industries were working overtime on war orders and measures had been taken to divert labor from idle branches to busy de partments until now the unemployed numbered only from 6 to 7 per cent of the workingmen In the country. Measures have been taken also to put the finances and the credit of trade and industry on a war footing, and these have been so thoroughly success ful that a general moratorium un doubtedly will be warded off during the entire war, said Herr Delbrueck, placing Germany in a far better posi tion after the war than that of states whose industrial life is affected by a moratorium. "Men and Jobs Put Together. In opening the interview Vice-Chan cellor Delbrueck, who also holds the office of Imperial Minister of Interior, referred to the unanimous demonstra tion by representatives of labor, agri culture, commerce, industry and trade of September 28, of the determination of the German people to see the war through to a successful conclusion, and declared that this was no bluff, but was justified by the spirit and prepara tion of the. country. The currency crisis which immediately preceded hos tilities was quickly and completely overcome and now there was an abun dance of circulation media. "One serious consequence of the mob ilization." said the Vice-Chancellor, "was the lack of employment, despite the fact that the call to the colors took from 5,000,000 to 6.000,000 able bodied men from the industrial field into the army. The idleness was due to the fact that the curtailing of In dustries caused local unemployment. The provincial employment agencies then were merged in an imperial em ployment bureau, with the immediate result that the question of employ ment was solved by putting the man and the job together. Employer nnd Men Agree. "The dead center passed, every change produces an improvement, because the representatives of the employers and the employes are working in patriotic co-operation in this bureau without re gard to partisanship or creed. "As an efflicent intermediary, the bu reau has obtained harvest workers, who are gathering Germany's promising harvest. This Is an instance showing how the job and the man have been brought together.' The same is true in the mining and shipbuilding industry, VERDUN AND ITS Map Sbevrlng the Arrangement of the Forts and Redoubts Guarding the City. Verdun, the Northernmost et the Krencn Fnrtrensen Fo lag the German Frontier. Lies SO Miles Southwest of Luxemburg and About SO Miles From Loimy, Wnrre the German Army Made It First Attach. It Must. Therefore, Be Captured or Masked Be fore a Further Advanee Can Be Made by the German Army of the Mosel. It Is Only 35 Milrs to Met but 173 From Paris. The Fig ures on the Diagram Indicate the Height of the Positions Above the Sea in Meters. ' Been forced Beyond St. ttnentin. In In the case of the textile industries, the hours f of labor have been short ened, the trades unions working most efficlen'ly in this equalization. LnemDJoyinent since the outbreak of the war has been steadily decreas ing. At present all Industries supply- ng the army are working to their ut most capacity. Our production of an thracite is generally meeting the de mands of Germany, Austria and sev eral neutral countries. Other industries which are natural world monopolies. such as dyestuffs and potash, are nec essary to neutral countries, who, I suppose, will buy them during the war. Raw Materials Taken Over. "There Is a certain difficulty regard ing raw materials. One of the first steps taken when the war began was to form an organization to institute a careful stock-taking and take over nec essary materials, the same to be later served out to the industries in need of them. We found the supplies greater than had been expected and certain ar ticles have been obtained In consider able quantities in countries occupied by our armies. "Our population can be starved out as little as can our industries. Germany produces almost the whole of her own consumption of breadstuffs and meats. Certain deficiencies in fodder supplies we are prepared to counteract by a ra tional use of our large crops, particu larly potatoes. Germany, he continued, was now abundantly supplied with food that that would last until the next harvest. The sugar supply was so ample that next year the fields would be planted with crops in which there was a de ficiency. JAPAN'S REPLY DEFIANCE known as the Kayo Maru and was sunk in Laohan Bay. The German forts and ships, it is also announced, are constantly shelling the Japanese army, which is slowly pre paring for the big assault on Tsing- Tau, the German stronghold. A German aeroplane from Tsing-Tatt has made two unsuccessful attempts to attack Japanese warships. Japanese aeroplanes went in pursuit of the Ger man air craft and were subjected to bomb fire. A captive balloon, .. -ich has been seen above Tsing-Tau. has been hauled down- It is believed to have been dam aged. RUSSIAN ADVANCE IS ON (Continued From First Page.) but the squadrons . of the enemy were put to flight and completely dispersed, sustaining heavy losses. They carried along in their rojt Infantry which was protecting them. v "The Russian troops have occupied Raygrod. Kalvary and Mariampol (all in Russian Poland). TnHitrnificant engagements have tak en place in the neighborhood of Klelce, on the right bank of the Vistula. "In the Carpathians the Russian trooDS repulsed near Mikoulitz an Aus trian detachment, which lost Its cannon and mitrailleuses. PRISONERS BREAK RECORDS (Continued From First Page.) most elementary tactical points In sit uations 'on the battlefield. It also was frequently charged that many Russian officers lack courage. Anti-Trust Vote Goes Over. WASHINGTON, Oct. 3. Efforts to end the debate on the Clayton 'trust bill and to adopt the conference report on the measure again failed today in the Senate, and the vote went over until next week. . ENTRENCHMENTS. Xott Before Albert. Where Heavy h'l GERMANS MOVING ON Roads Leading to Belgian Coast Being Repaired. FRENCH LEFT IS GAINING Germans Admit General von Kluck Is Going Jfortljw ard, but Assert He Is Taking Own Time and Holding Foe Well. (Continued From First Pay- the north of the Varennes-la-Harazee-Vlennes-la-Vllle line. "In the Woevre district and on the hefghts of the Meuse our progress is always slow but continuous. "In the Belgian field the Germans are bombarding the front southeast of the Antwerp positions without being yet able to produce any considerable ef fect on the works. They have deliv ered many Infantry attacks, which have been repulsed." e . The official announcement of the Paris war- office says: - "First, on our left wing the violent action which has been progressing since yesterday continues without Interrup tion, particularly In the region of Roye, where we have repulsed all attacks, although on this part of the front the enemqy has been reinforced by new additions taken from the enemy's cen ter, previously reported. The German official statement, re ceived from Berlin by way of London, says; "The right wing of the German army in France has repulsed renewed ef forts on the part of the French to out flank it. To the south of Roye the French have been dislodged from their positions. "The situation in the center of the battle front remains unchanged. "German troops advancing in the Argonne region have won substantial advances In a southerly direction. "East of the Kiver Meuse' French troops from Toul undertook energetic night attacks, but were repulsed. "Before Antwerp. Fort Wavre St. Catherines and the redoubt Borpevelvt, with their intermediate works, were assaulted yesterday afternoon at 5 o'clock. Fort Waelhem has been in vested. "The western and Important outer epaulement of the Termonde fortifica tions is in our possession.' TWO RULERS AT FRONT CZAR. AND KAISER REPORTED BE DIRECTING BATTLE. Russian Monarch Thoeskt te Be a Warsaw, German Enptrar to Have ' Left Breslam -for Posen. LONDON. Oct. 3. (Special.) The Czar and the Kaiser have hastened to the v battle line, along the German frontier. Correspondents of newspa pers in Rome and London report that the Czar has left Petrograd for the front. It is assumed that the Russian ruler Is at Warsaw, base of the great Russian central army now advancing directly toward Posen and already in collision with German armies In the line of Posen, Kalises, Czenstacbowa and Cracow. There is information from German and Russian sources that the Kaiser has left Breslau for Posen and Is dom inating the strategy of the German de fense. If these statements are accur ate they signify that the monarch! comprehend that a decisive phase of the conflict of Russia against Germany is at hand at various points along the front, particularly from Posen and Breslau.- Germans are attempting a vigorous offensive, numbering about 750,000. Their purpose is to beat the Russian forces advancing from Warsaw so de cisively that the Russians must again abandon East Prussia and withdraw forces in Poland for the defense of Warsaw. The rumor persists that the Kaiser is In supreme command of these movements. MOTHERS-IN-LAW BLAMED Philadelphia Judge 5aj Most Di vorce Cases -Due to Meddling. PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 15. Seventy cases were called before Judge Browu In the Desertion Court, and in many of them he succeeded In effecting are- . - . - kMIuk Ueeurred K rid a v. nnd Rove. t. From a I'olnt South of Roye, the ttempts by German Right and Allies' la 10O Miles orth of Paris. conciliation. As usual, mothers-in-law figured prominently among the causes given for disagreements among young married people, and the court took occasion to sharply rap interferences by the mother of either husband or wife. "A surprisingly large number of the cases brought Into this court are caused by the Influence and interfer ence of mothers-in-law," observed Judge Brown." "Apparently some mothers fail to op predate and reflect on what they have to endure from their mothers-in-law. When their sons or daughters marry they overlook the fact, that the chll dren have entered another stage of life and while the parent may be solicitous for their comfort and happiness she Is constantly Incurring the disapproval of either husband or wife, and this In evitably leads to bickerings and dis cord In the family. It would be more estimable for the mothers to keep from becoming Involved in the quarrels and spats of the young folks and let them adjust their own differences. With this done fewer family difficulties would be brought Into thie court." $10,000 RESORT DESTROYED Pacific Beach Hotel Quickly Con "siitncd In Early Morning Fire. ABERDEEN, Wash.. Oct. 3. (Spe cial.) The raclflc Beach Hotel. located at Pacific Beach, a fashionable Summer resort, 18 miles west of here, owned by Carl Cooper, was burned to the ground early this -morning, with a loss of ap proximately sio.ooo. The place was Insured to the amount of $7500. The Are. which started shortly after 6 o'clock this morning in the second story of -the building, enveloped the entire hotel in flames within a few minutes. Mrs. Sterling, of Walla Walla, a guest at the hotel, fainted In an up stair corridor. Carl Cooper, however, picked her up and carried her out of the building. WAR GIFT OPENS PURSES German Women in Italy Generous, Chambermaid Giving $600. ROME, via Paris, Oct. 3. A meeting of ths Germans was held here today to collect funds for. a war present to the fatherland. The women In attendance gave all the valuables they possessed and a chambermaid insisted on giving her bank book, calling for 3000 lire (about $600), though she was urged to keep part of It. The German women here have sent to Germany tljfW cars loaded with ravelings for the woundea. made from their household linen. MAN. IS KILLED BY SLAP Druggist of Morrison, III., Who Struck Blow, Is Held. DIXON, 111., Sept. 26. James Sinn, a druggist of Morrison and manager of the Morrison baseball team, was held to the Whiteside County grand jury a few days ago for murder. During the ball game between the Morrison and Charlotte (la.) teams, Dorsey Palmer, who was Intoxicated, mistreated a young son af Sinn's and Sinn slapped him with bis open hand. fracturing his windpipe. Palmer fell from the seats to the ground and lay there durng the IS innings of the game un-noticed. His death was discovered when he failed to rise at the close of the game. DIRGE FAILS TO FRIGHTEN Germans Play March to Tempt War Levy From French Town. LONDON, Sept. 28T The Times cor respondent In Coulommlers, Depart partraent of Seine-et-Marne. France, says iae Mayur ana rTosecmor oi tnat town refused absolutely to pay 320,000 demanded by the Germans as a' war levy. SEVERE RHEUMATIC PAINS DISAPPEAR Rheumatism depends on an acid which flows In the blood, affecting the muscles and joints, producing inflam mation, stiffness and pain. This acid gets Into the blood through some de fect in the digestive processes, and re mains there because the liver, kidneys and skin are too torpid to carry it off. Hood's Sarsaparllla. the old - time blood tonic. Is very successful In the treatment of rheumatism. It acts directly, with purifying effect, on the blood, and through the blood on the liver, kidneys and skin, which it stimu lates, and at the same time It Improves the digestion. Get Hood's Sarsaparllla today. Sold by all druggists. Adv. I pfd Dr. Brown; ow I quit. Lucore, Read page 14, this section. Adv. Designed by Roseawald & Weil, Chics Perhaps you've noticed some one wearing a Ballymede II Overcoat; you wanted one like it, naturally. We have just received a stock of these Rosenwald & Weil Overcoats. They are the most stylish garment we have offered in years. The Ballymede II is one of the smart est new season models. It is cut out of only two pieces of cloth, cleverly tailored; loose fit ting, full back, coat lapels, and the wide velvet Pickwick collar. Your tailor might produce one at $80.00 we offer them ready to slip on at less than half. . The lining is genuine imported French silk. Phegley & Cavender Cor. Fourth and Alder Sts. They ware taken outside the town, to be shot, and the Germans played Chopin's funeral march as a, last threat to induce them to pay. "War "Maps, Globes, -State and City Maps, Atlases, Etc., at Saving Prices WAR MAPS Latest edition, cloth mount ed map of Europe, in colors, size 40x60 inches; Gill's price, 11.25. Pocket map of Europe, with cover, size 20x28 inches; price 25c Map of the World, size 48x 68 Inches; a splendid refer-' ence map; price f.1.50. Blue and White Print Maps of the Counties of Oregon and Washington, now priced at, per copy. $1.00. Government Quadrangle Maps of Oregron City; Boring etc., etc, 10c. Gill's colored map of Ore gon, size 49x39 inches, (1.00. Rand McNally's Map of the States, pocket size, with cov er; per state. 25c. Plttmon's street a-uide to Portland, with map, inlorma- . tlon. ate., etc, 25c. (Book. Dept. GILL'S The J. K. Gill Co. Third and Alder Streets Toronto. Kansas, .March 4, 1914. Bankers Life Insurance Company, Lincoln. Nebraska. GENTLEMEN: I am today In receipt of your check for (951.71. settlement of my Policy No. 3073. taken out with you 20 years ago today. Your General Agent. Chas. Sims, settled this, and I want to say I am well pleased. I paid you (667.00 In twenty years, had a Policy of (1,000.00 taken out at age 29. Had I died any time 'In 20 years my estate would have got (1,000.00 and all I paid in. Two other men In town are matur ing policies. In New York Life, and . when they found my settlement was so much better than theirs, they were sorry they were not in the Bankers Life. I shall always say a good word for your Company. ' Yours very truly, THOMAS OWENS. Ask. the man who owns one of our policies. We have a good agency for you. Write Us. Assets $7,700,000. DENTISTS of REPUTATION ICou are guaranteed at this office. The guarantee is backed by 27 vears' continuous practice in Portland. Peo ple come to this office from all parts of the Northwest. Our skill is acknowledged and our promptness in finishing work in one day when required is appreciated by out-of-town patrons. Wa Extract Any Number of Teeth Without Causing the Slightest Pain. , We have the best equipped dental office in Portland. We give the best dental, service obtainable at any price. What we can't guarantee we don't do. LOW PRICES FOR HIGH-GRADE WORK. Geod Red Ribhcr Plates, each as.OO The Best Red Rubber Plates. eaeb-.S7.50 23-Karat Gold er Hwreelatn Crowa-.as.o WISE DENTAL CO. RCLIABLU PAINLESS DENTISTS, Pkm Mala 302SV A ZOZSl 1XV laird btreet. Falling Building, The English, however, saved their lives, as a retreat was ordered before the threatened execution could be car ried out. ATLASES War Atlas, size 10x14 inches; priced at 10c Gill's complete Atlas of the World, size tnx( inches, bound in cloth. (1.50; bound In leather. (2.50. A complete and comprehensive volume. Considered the best. Hammond's Standard Com mercial Atlas of the World, beautifully bound and print ed, size 14&X21H inches. (10.60. Bartholomew's Atlas. im full colors; a splendid small size volume; price 25c Automobile Guide Book and road maps of Oregon and Washington, bound In paper, (1.50 each; In cloth, (2.50 each. GLOBES OF" THE WORLD All varieties of globes from 6 to 18 inches, priced from 60c and up. First Floor) Twenty Payment Life Policy Matured in the Old Line Bankers Life Insurance Company of Lincoln, Nebraska. Name of Insured. . -Thomas Owens Residence Toronto, Kans. Amount of Policy $1,000.00 Total Premiums Paid to Company 667.00 SETTLEMENT. Total Cash Paid Mr. Owens $951.71 And 20 years' insurance for nothing S. !. Coraer Third aod Waahlnrtoa.