The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, September 27, 1914, Section One, Image 1

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    K
80 Pages
Section One
Six Sections
Pages 1 to 20
VOL. XXXIII NO. 39.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTE3IBER
' . ... . ; . . - : ; j
V
GERMANS ATTACK
ALONG ENTIRE LINE
Both Wings Engaged
With Especial Fury.
FRENCH RESERVES IN ACTION
Mew Forces Sent Against Teu
l tons in Lorraine.
BRITISH REPULSE ATTACKS
Situation Between It helms and Ter-
dun at Center Said by Paris War
Office to. Be .. Tnchanged.
4
Jleuso la Crossed.
PARIS, Sept. 26. The following com
munication was Issued tonight:
"The enemy has attacked" alone the
entire front, but has everywhere been
repulsed.
"On our left wins we are making
progress. . '
"On the heights of the Meuse the
situation remains unchanged.
"In the Woevre region we continue to
gain some ground."
fighting Heavy on Wings.
That heavy fighting continued on
both the east and west wings was in
dicated by the earlier announcement,
by the War Office. It said:
"First, on our left wing between the
Eommo and the Oiso, the battle con
tinues very violently. Between the
lilver Oise and Soissons our troops have
advanced slightly. The enemy has not
attempted an attack.
"Between Soissons and Kheims there
lias been no Important change in the
situation.
"Second, on the 'center, between
JRheinis and Verdun, the situation also
Is unchanged. In the Woevre region
the enemy has been able to -cross the
River Meuso in the vicinity of St. Mi
bell, but the offensive taken by our
troops already has, to a large extent,
thrown him back on the river,
trench Reserves In Action.
"To the south ot the Woevre region
cue attacks have not ceased- to "pro
tress. The Fourteenth German Army
Corps has fallen back after having suf
fered great losses.
"Third, on our right wing (in Lor
raine and in the Voiges), the effective
German forces seem to have been re
duced. These detachments (of the en
emy) which had at certain points driv
en back our advance posts, have been
Repulsed by the entrance into action
pt our reserves."
LONDON, Sept. 26. The official press
bureau this afternoon issued a state
ment reading as follows:-
"There has been much activity on
Hhe part of the enemy all along the
tine (in France).
"Some heavy counter attacks have
teen repulsed and a considerable loss
fcas been inflicted on the enemy."
A Copenhagen dispatch to the Cen
tral News says:
"The German general staff in its
report of the battle In France states
(that the operations on the extreme
right wing have led to fresh engage
ments, which have not yet ended.
"On the center there has been no
ehange.
"Camp de Romains at St. Mihlel,
south of Verdun, has been taken by
the Germans and ' the German flag
fcas been hoisted' upon It. The German
troops have passed the Meuse.
"There has been no further change
n the western or eastern battlefields."
Move Anticipated by Allies.
AT THE BATTLE FRONT, via Paris,
Eept. 26. All efforts of the opposing
- (Concluded on Page 2.)
:
BULLETINS
LONDON, Sept. 27 5:30 A. M.) The
Petrograd correspondent of the Dally
Telegraph has forwarded the following
semi-official statement! "The move
ment of German troops from Cast Prus
sia In the direction of Warsaw has
come to nothing. In the government of
Snwalkl (Russian Poland) the Germans
have suffered a serlons repulse. The
left flank of the Russian army has
defeated the troops under the command
of General von lllndenburg near Su
walkl." LONDON, Sept. 27. "The French
have surrounded and annihilated the
109th regiment of reserves," says the
Basel correspondent of the Exrh.nKf
Telegraph Company, In a message sent
by way of Rome. The dispatch addsi
"The German wounded Include a Colo
nel, a Major, two Captains and two
Lieutenants."
FLUSHING, The Netherlands, via
London, Sept. 27. Two hundred and
sixty-seven aurvlTors of the British
cruisers Abonkir, Hogue and Cressy
sailed for England last night.
LONDON, Sept. 27. The Blarrlta cor
respondent of the Renter Telegram
Company says the newspaper Radical,
of Madrid, says the Spanish govern
ment has offered to accommodate 30,-
OOO wounded soldiers in various hos
pitals. Six thousand men would be
taken care of In Madrid alone.
Rome (via London), Sept. 27. The
Russians on Saturday occupied the
greater part of the city of Prsemysl,
Gallcla, according to adispatch received
here from Vienna.
NEW YORK, Sept. 2. The British
auxiliary cruiser that used to be the
Cunarder Caronla kept . strict watch
today at .the door of New York She
lay as If at anchor off the 'Hook. Her
companion of yesterday, the British
cruiser Lancaster, had weighed anchor
(taring; the night, however, and was
not to be seen. .
ROME, via Paris, Sept. 26. The
Freemasons have offered the govern
ment the palace here in which they
have their quarters, one of the largest
In Rome, for hospital uses In case of
war.
LONDON, Sept. ' 26 Prince Oscar,
Emperor William's fifth son, has been
obliged because of heart weakness, to
enter a hospital, according to a tele
gram from Berlin forwarded to Lon
don by the Amsterdam correspondent
of the Renter Telegram Company.
BORDEAUX, Sept. 2t The Ministry
of Marine announced today that the
French gunboat Surprise on September
1 ' took possession of Coco Beach. In
Kamarun, the German colony In West
ern Equatorial Africa.
ALDERSHOT, England, Sept. 20.
King George, - accompanied by Uuren
Mary and their daughter, 'Princess j
Mary, speat the day Inspecting a huge
section of Field Marshal Earl Kitch
ener's new army. Altogether 150,000
men passed before, their majesties.
LONDON, Sept. 26. An Amsterdam
dispatch to the Central News says on
authority of a dispatch from Maestrlcht
that between the hours ot 8i30 and li30
P. M. Friday IS tralnloada of wounded
Germans passed through Atx-la-Cha-pelle
from France.
MANCHESTER, Mass Sept. 26. Dr.
Constantln Theodore Dumba, the Aus-tro-Hungarlan
Ambassador, announced
today he had been officially advised by
wireless that the reported capture of
Sarajevo by Servians was "pure Inven
tion.'' '
PARIS, Sept. 28. A .dispatch to the
Havas agency from Amsterdam aays
that In order to prevent the exportation
of contraband articles to Germany the
Netherlands government has declared
martial law In the eastern provinces.. .
KAISER'S FIFTH SON ILL
Prince Oscar's Heart Affected by
Overexertion, In Field. .
BERLIN, via The Hague and London,
Sept. 26. Prince Oscar, the Emperor's
fifth . son, it .was announced - today, is
suffering from a heart affection, due
to his exertions in the field, and has
been obliged to leave his regiment. He
is under the care of physicians at Metz.
The Empress received a letter last
night from the Emperor, in which he
referred optimistically to the situation.
PICTORIAL
rfi?yG -
""
tt-a ' " - L -A -T. I - I I v- rtn r- II 'II if
SHE
T. PAY - IN END
Germans SayThey Will
Exact Reparation.
NON-RESISTANCE MADE BASIS
New Territory Demanded
. Kiau-Chau Is Lost.
if
NEW PROBLEM PRESENTED
Situation Regarded as of Moment by
Washington In View of "Policy
of Guaranteeing ' Integ
rity of China.
BT JOHN CALLAN O'LAUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 26. (Special.)
mat bermany is determined to. make
China pay dearly for her failure to pre
vent Japanese forces from marching
mrougn umnese territory to attack
Kal-Chau is shown by official informs'
tion received by the State Department.
It was -no more possible for China
to resist Japan than it was for Luxem
burg to arrest the movement of the
Germans. Moreover. Janan had this ex
cellent ground for her action. In nre-
parlng for the defense of Tslnsr-tau.
the German commander selzart mrVi
additional . Chinese territory as he re
quired for defensive purposes. This
was done before Japan sent her ulti
matum to the Kaiser for the evacua
tion of the entire Kiau-Chau ' conces
sion. Japan Avoids Lasses.
The effect of the German comman
der action was to make it impossible
for the Japanese forces to land with
out tremendous losses within tha ter
ritory leased by China to Germany. To
prevent these losses, the Jananese
deemed it advisable to debark their
troops on Chinese soil and march over
land, to Kalu-Chau.
Germany, the official notes of which
to China have come Into the possession
of your correspondent, has ' threatened
we pekln government and to Indicate
that she will exact compensation when
In a position to do si. That is to say,
if Kalu-Chau should be taken from her,
when peace has been restored he will
insist on the transfer to the German
government of other Chinese territory.
China's Integrity Involved.
Such procedure will be of the high
est interest to the United States. It
will be a violation of the principle of
the integrity of China, and of the fur
ther principle of the open door; since
the acquisition of territory means ar
exclusive market for the. acquiring na
tion. More than this: If Germany demands
Chinese territory and backs up her de
mands, the action will lead to one of.
iwo imng5 r-a, resumption of the war
or the partition of China. Either would
be most objectionable to tha United
States.
The threat of Germany is In contrast
with the policy of Japan, The assur
ances of the latter are that Kiau
Chau will be restored to China.. That
Japan will keepher word is not doubted
hero, because It is to her Interest to
establish a close rapproachement with
the Chinese people and nothing will do
this more quickly than the restoration
of the territory seized by Germany as
a penalty for the murder of two Ger
man subjects by a Chinese mob.
Germans Give Formal Notice.
The first German note, in which the
Austro-Hungarian government con
curred, was lodged with the Chinese
Foreign Office on September 4. This
note declared:
"China's refusal to prevent the Jap
anese troops landing at Lung-Kow con.
stltutes a violation of neutrality.
(Concluded op page 2)
CHINA WARNED
IS
COMMENTS BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON SOME OP THE PAST WEEK'S
KfT A y SfsS GSSY -
JL
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 62 8
degrees; minimum, 60 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair; winds mostly west
War. Germany determined to exact reparation
irom China for v non-resistance of JaD-
anese landing. Section 1. page 1.
Germans rushing army corps a day Into
i.asl Prussia. Section 1 page 1.
Hundreds of thousands In Berlin se-captured
guns arrive on Sedan day. Section
1. page X.
Battle In France goes on along entire line.
Ejection X. page 1.
Military spirit takes possession of Quebec.
Section page 3.
McCutcheon describes hunt for battle. Sec
tion 1, page 4. , .
Sayvllle wireless station has permit to oper
ato with Germany. Section 1, page 4.
Japanese advancing toward Kiau-Chau. Sec
tion 1. page 2.
GertTonnl.Prpg? 6." f Ant.n. Sec-
Reported mistreatment of Red Cross nurses
proves myth. Section 1. page "
Work for relief of Americans In war zona
about ended. Section 1. page 6?
Toronto troops leave for war. Section 1.
Page a.
Foreign.
o r J-snaaian statesman
Section 1, page 7.
is sudden.
Mexico.
Vills
la and Zapata working together against
Oarranza. Section I. page 7.
- Domestic. ' '
American steamer ' seized in act of coaling
B.kuuu i, psse ii.
Sports.
Coast League results Oakland -1. ' Venice 0
- j pale" 6an Francisco 3. feectloi
1,11 i. L ,Jt" over continuous
n.-- .. '" nexi year. section a.
Big football games In East open auspicious
ly. Section 3, page 5. ....
. m ,adIy ln need f punter to
fill TTfentnn'. i.u. - . i "
t i 7 wcwwuu , page o.
Ice rink to be completed In three weeka
Section 2. naze 3.
Aggie Freshmen and Varsity teams soon to
mai game oi season. Section 2,
Page .
Harstad . honor man ln Northwestern pitching
staff, .section 2. page 2. -, . , .
Lush's no-bit game second he has pitched.
Section a, page 8.
Victor Johnson thinks popularity of polo is
Joe Tinker wants' Bancroft. Is latest rumor.
vniuu , page .
Daubert and Cobb lead leagues' batsmen.
Section ' 1 T, i' -i
Pacific Northwest. -
Pendleton covers Itself with glory In man
agement of Kouudup. Section 1, page V.
Idaho primary law In vortex of storm. Sec-tlon-1,
page 10.
Agricultural College cadets ln trim. Sec
tion X, page 8. .
Exhibits of 3000 Oregon children go to State
H. B. Miller, head of School of Commerce
at state University, warns students of
"boom literature." Section 1. naze 9.
Governor's campaign speeches about prison
v.u u, j. uiaiiuwu. . oecuoa x. page s.
Newberg prune crop early. Section 1,
race 11. , , . .
' Commercial and Marine.
Reports of largo sales of" Northwestern
wheat in England are confirmed. Sec
tion page 15.
Chicago traders believe English officials are
juggling j-jverpooi - wneat prices. Sec
tion 2. pao 10. ' -,
Export trade of .American steel mills Is In-
wsims. oecuga 2. page to.
Two British' steamers chartered to lead
t"a tor ifteai Britain, section 1. page tt.
Portland and Vicinity.
Pupils register for Art School. Secttoa- s.
r-age 12.-
Oregon delegations Invited to visit Panama-
.faclfic Exposition grounds ln November.
Section 1. page IS. -'
Tag day is this week. Section 1. paaa 19.
National Association of Credit Men sends
out xnetusage i good tlmea Section X.
page 1U. - - - i
Enthusiastic "safety first" meeting held at
Commercial Club. Section 1. page 14.
Eighth person reported missing in Portland
in weea. &ectiou l, page 14.
Permanent booths to be erected for public
'market Section 1, page 14.
Speaker at Oregon Conference reports forc
ing oi einoaisi ministers to fight one
another - in -war. Section L page la.
Oregon Civic. League hears debate on water-
tront measure, section L page 13
Case of Mrs. Delia - Marsh, slayer of B C.
uovirou, is wiia jury. section L
page 18.
Character assassination by Democratic or
sn is LrmtiMU. bectlon 1. page -18.
Coos Bay band entertains and Is entertained
in Portland. Section. 1. page 11.
Figures show Portland's growl since Jan-
ui y i. section e, page lu.
FOOD CARGOES WATCHED
Britain to Place Limit on Supplies to
Neutral Nearby Nations.
( LONDON, Sept. 26. The British gov
ernment is daily making Its position
clearer as tS what is regarded as con
traband of war. Foodstuffs assigned
to neutral countries accessible to Ger
many ' will not be permitted to enter
unless the governments assure England
that the food is not destined for Ger
many and not Intended to replace other
supplies destined for Germany.
England. however. desires that
neutral countries shall have an
adequate food supply for. their own
people. ',
CAPTURED GUNS ARE
SHOWN TO GERMANS
Ceremonious Entry
'Made Into Berlin.
Is
SEDAN DAY IS CELEBRATED
People Cheer, but There Is No
Excess of Ebullition.
WOUNDED ARE LIONIZED
Percentage or Recoveries From Bui
lets Surprisingly Large, Say
Surgeons Prisoners Are
Being Treated Well.
f
BT JOSEPH MEDIX,!, PATTERSON.
Copyright, 1914, by the Tribune Company.
- dj MimuecKnent wttn tne uni
cago Tribune.)
oept s. xesterday was
Sedan day, the German Fourth of July
tne lia .anniversary of the fall of
Sedan, of tha capture of Napoleon III
and 104,000 of his troops, and of the
destruction of the second empire. .
t mreo-quartera of a million
vxerroans tne guesses are various
gathered in the Unter den Linden from
the Brandenburger Thor to the iinpe
rial . palace, a distance of one mile.
Unter den Linden Is one of the widest
streets in the world, but it was filled
completely, save for a narrow lane in
the middle, kept open by the police
u mo inuuws along the way
were filled, too.
The crowd was waiting to see the
captured cannon 21 of them, French
and - Belgian taken at Namur.
Eighteen were three-inch (approxi
mately) field pieces and three were
machine guns.
. Captore-d Guns Arrive Late.
The guns came ln an hour and a half
late, but the crowd was good natured
and always denser. There was no sing
ing whatever, but etreet barkers did
plenty of business In "schwarz. weiss,
und rot" black, white and red German
nags and badges. - ...
The guns . were preceded by a Ger
nvji General and 'a horse nearly white
dapple gray. I believe it is tradi
tional for conquerors to ride white
horses, but I don't think this particular
General was the one who took the guns.
He merely symbolized victorious gen-,
eralocracy.
No flowers were strewn anywhere, but
the horses pulllcg the guns and sur
rounded by solid Berlin policemen, had
tiny bouquets of white and piuk-carnations
tied tightly to their head stalls.
German Crowds Not Vehement.
The crowd was in no sense vehement.
There Is no doubt whatever, not a
shadow of it. that Germany is unani
mously, profoundly. Intensely, desper
ately for the war and for victory. But
the people will not take the lids off
themselves. They do all their burning
inside.
Bo. though there was cheering and
plenty of it from this half or tHree
quarter million of Germans, it was far
less than on national election night
before any city newspaper office In
America.
The guns were placed around the
statue of Frederick the Great, some ln
front of the Crown Prince's palace, oth
ers are before the imperial palace, and
knots of people surrounded them ail
day long. Mothers lifted their chil
dren up to the muzzles to gaze in won
der down the shining rifling of the
barrels; old men wag their beads and
talk of '70-71; girls press their lovers'
hands more closely, especially If the
lover be in uniform.
Wounded Soldiers Are Heroes.
In the evening of Sedan day a sol
dier ' in his war clothes of gray hob-
(Concluded on Psge 0. )
Sunday's War Moves
Tp HE widely-separated wings of the
A opposing armies in Northern
France still are striking hard blows
at each other in an effort to break
through the respective positions.
Both sides, according to the French
official report issued today, have made
some progress, the Germans on the al
lies' right perhaps the greatest. v
x or three days or more . a violent
battle has been raging in the hills and
piaius Detween the . rivers Oiso and
Somme. The official accounts, both
German and French, are silent as to
how this fight is going, but in the
frontal attack on the Germans' strong-
ly-iortttied and well-reinforced posi
iions iartner south the allies have
made some progress, the Germans ap
parently being satisfied to remain on
the. defensive until the battle on the
iiank has been decided.
v rom soissons to Rhelins and thence
to Verdun there has been no change in
the situation, but in the south of Woe
vre the Urcnch continue to make prog
as ana nave defeated with heavy
lusses. a German corps.
vh me j-rencn extreme right the
rrencn nave taken the offensive with
tne reservists and. have repulsed the
German forces holding the lino along
On the activities of the British army,
the War Office has been sparing with
information. . A brief paragraph re
counting the activity of the Germans
.i ..uug tne uno and the repulse of
ourne neavy counter attacks with con
siderable loss to the enemy was the
extent of the news given out at Lon
don yesterday. The casualties among
the officers up to a week ago. are pub
lished, but thus far those among the
men in the ranks have not been made
public. With the continuous flghtin
the general staff probably has no time
to prepare a list.
There has been a lull in the lighting
in Gaiicia. while the Kussians are per-
-..ne, pian lor the investing of
wmcn now is cut off from all
communication with the outside world.
The Russians have taken Rzeszow. an
important railway center between Tar
now and Przemysl, and have captured
"umea positions to the north
-mi south of the latter fortress. This
mem possession of the whole of
v"1,,"a w,c, the exception of the nar
row western neck at the head of which
stands Cracow.
Along the western frontier of Poland,
which the Germans have been threaten
ing for some time, they are now ri
7 lo D lortifying themselves. In
fact, from Cracow to the extreme north
...i x-russia the Russian and Ger
man armies apparently ar fair, .
other across the boundary, waiting for
a favorable opportunity to attack. The
Germans are satisfied they hav rid
Uiemselves of tho Russians in East
i u.a ana are sending a commission
to that country to re-establish the in
habitants, who tied when tha Russian
invasion drove everything before.
There are signs of actlvltv in .
Adriatic, where the Anglo-French fleet
has been waiting In th.' u
Austrian fleet would show itself. This
is a difficult sea for naval operations.
To minimize this, the allies have tak.n
the Islands of Pelagosa . and r.i.
which are splendid bases for Small
craft wishing to intercept bigger ves
serWentering the sea.
The taking of these islanda'wlll .t.
ford the allies better protection in their
attacks against Cattaro.
There have been several additional
skirmishes ln South Africa. The Brit
ish have taken Luedritz Bay, known as
Angra Peqena, and one or two ports of
German Southwest Africa.
London says that Great Britain Is
going steadily ahead with the forma
tion of new armies. The more advanced
recruits, including many of the men
who fought in South Africa and in Eng
land's "little wars." were reviewed bv
the King yesterday. Those less ad
vanced are being trained in all parts of
the country by drill sergeants, hundreds
of whom have rejoined the colors for
this purpose.
As Premier Asquith, who had been In
Ireland addressing recruiting meetings.
left Kingstown yesterday, the great
crowd on the pier sang "God Save the
King" and "Come Back to Erin." The
singing of the national anthem at the
close of last night's meeting in Dublin
EVENTS.
vy ' r '1,1
syje- SYAS A fC
GERMANS RUSH IN
NTO EAST PRUSSIA
One Corps a Day Added
to Western 'Line.
GREAT BATTLE IS IMMINENT
800,000 Troops Gather to Re
coup Austrian Failures.
BALTIC TRANSPORTS USED
Reinforcements Also Travel by 250
Trains a Day Over Four Avail
able Railways Fall of Chj -row
Is Reported.
LONDON. Sept. 27. "Germany is re
inforcing her army in East Prussia at
the rate of one army corps a day." says
a dispatch from Petrograd to Lloyd's
News Agency. "Tho reinforcements
are being carried by 250 trains on all
four available railways. Other troops
are being hurried from Berlin and
Schneidemuhl to Baltic ports and thence
oy sea to East Prussia.
"AH this is in preparation for the
great battle to be foughf along tho
wnoie western line.
fr. 00,000 Germans Assembled.
"At least 800,000 German troops are
now gathered in an effort to balance
the Austrian failures. The armies are
already in touch and the grand battle
Is bound to come soon. The Russians
will have the advantage, however, be
cause the fighting will be on ground
chosen by the Russian leader."
The Petrograd correspondent of the
Evening News says the fall of the town
of Chyrow has completely Isolated tho
Austrian fortified position of Prsemysl.
so far as railway communication i
concerned. Chyrow is 20 miles south
of Prsemysl.
The correspondent says the Austrian
civil government of Cracow has been
taken over by Germany. The inhabi
tants of Cracow are said to be in flight.
The city soon will cease its normal
functions and be transformed into a
great fortified base.
According to these same sources of
Information, the Germans have thrown
three army corps into the Cracow dis
trict. In pr paratlon for the Russian
attatfc which. It is expected, will not be
delayed much longer. The Russian
capital has been advised also that all
traffic has been stopped between Ber
lin and the Baltic Doris of Danil-.
Elbing and Stettin.
Anstrtans Retiring; Westward.
An official communication issued
from the headquarters of the Russian,
general staff says that in the region
of Druekenhiky, the Russian troops en
gaged the Germans on September 25.
The Austrian army now is retiring
westward, utilizing the railroads lead
ing to Cracow. After defeating two
regiments of the landwehr. the Russian
troeps occupied Turka.
The Petrograd correspondent says a
Bucharest dispatch to the Novoe Vre-
mya says it is rumored that the first
Roumanian army corps has been or
dered to the Austrian frontier.
CHICAGO EGG PRICES LOW
Five Cars or Henfrntt Disposed Of at
. 20 l-4c a Dozen.
CHICAGO. Sept 26. Five cars of
strictly fresh eggs were sold here to
day to as many different buyers at
20 Vi cents, according to J. B. Mitchell,
president of the Chicago Butter & Egg
Board.
"This price, despite the war. is three
to four cents lower than the price a
year ago at this season," said Mr.
Mitchell.
t
t