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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 20, 1914)
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAN, PORTLAND, SEPTEMBER 20, 1914.
TWO NEW WAS PHOTOGRAPHS
The JBalrtiacaan's the Coat
SAYS LLOYD GEORGE
You probably have often figured that, back
of every fad, there's a good reason. -
The Balmacaan, with its graceful flowing
lines, is the fad of the hour ; the reason for
its. being here is
Its Successful Blending of Style and Comfort
We're showing these coats with raglan shoulders;
with 'set-in sleeves; with military or convertible
- collars. Green, gray and brown mixtures, black
and white effects, nobby textures.
$15.00 to $30.00
A clever style for people who like new things; a good style for
people who like to adopt the styles that come to stay.
We Want You to See Them
"Even Great Britain Is Ordered
Out of Way," Chancellor
Tells Welsh. -
MILITARISM IN BALANCE
Great War Declared to Be Struggle
for Emancipation of liurope From
Thralldom That Has Plunged
World Into Bloody War. ..
LONDON", Sept. 19. 'There is no man
In this hall who throughout his polit
ical life has regarded the prospect of
engaging in war with greater repug
nance than myself. There is no man,
either inside or outside this hall, who
is more convinced than I that we could
not have avoided the present war with
out national dishonor."
This was the text of a speech which
David Lloyd George. Chancellor of the
Exchequer, made in Queen's Hall today
lo arouse Welsh enthusiasm to Field
Marshal Kitchener's new army. The
Chancellor went on to say that any
nation which disregarded its nattwnal
flonor was doomed and Great Britain
was bound by honorable obligations to
defend the independence, liberty and
; integrity of Belgium.
r Prussia Called Koad Ho(.
Referring to the case of Servia, the
p 7 Chancellor of the Exchequer said Em
f., ' peror Nicholas had given Austria the
T. . only answer that became a. man when
; he said: "I will tear your ramshackle
- ; empire limb from limb," "and he is
; uoing it." added the speaker.
tz ; Prussia, said Mr. Lloyd George, "is
; the road hog of Europe. Men, women
i ' and children and nations are ordered
" out-of the way. If the old British spirit
j is still left in British health, the bully
'y will be torn from his seat. They
; thought we could not beat them. It will
not be easy; it will be a long: Job. It
'- will be terrible. But in the end we
shall march through terror to triumph."
- Struggle Is Against Militarism.
i'. ; . Appealing to Welshmen to join the
" colors, the Chancellor continued:
: "This struggle is a great war for the
emancipation of Europe from the thral-
; dom of the military caste, which has
; thrown its shadow upon two genera-
: tions of men and has now plunged the
T : world Into a welter of blood."
Z. : Mr. Lloyd George said the German
"' : people had great qualities of head, hand
X and heart, but had been drilled into a
: false ideal of civilization. They could
" : not comprehend the action of Great
:. Britain in pledging its resources, the
T. T lives of its people and its very exist-
t.'- '. ence to protect a little nation.
'. Quoting from Emperor William's
speeches, which, he declared, were "full
- - of swagger and boastf ulness," the
Chancellor said that when such senti-
; ments became the policy of a great
; empire it was about time it should, be
: ; ruthlessly put away.
'' FACTIONS IX IKELAXD JOIN
: I'oIIovicrs of Redmond and O'Brien
V Join In War Parade.
jl : DUBLIN, Sept. 19. For the first
V : time on record followers of John E:
; Redmond and William O'Brien have
f 7 joined in a popular demonstration. This
' occurred at Millstreet, County Cork,
: and the cause was rejoicing over the
;" : passage of the home rule bill.
Z Headed by an "All for Ireland"
; band, a battalion of volunteers paraded
the streets. Speeches were delivered
; by local leaders, who exhorted the vol-
: unteers to Join the Irish brigade and
; : at once tender their services to the war
" : office.
AUSTRIAN BATTLESHIP HIT
Dreadnought Viribus Unitis Report
ed in Battle in Adriatic.
LONDON, Sept. 19. A dispatch to
the Evening News frpm Venice says
that one side of the Austrian Dread
nought Viribus Unitis was badly dam
aged in a fight in the Adriatic, but
she escaped her pursuers.
The Viribus Unitis is one of the four
largest ships of the .same type in the
Austrian navy. She has a displacement
of 20,000 tons and carries a crew of
1000 men. Her armament consists of
12 12-inch and 12 6-inch guns, 18
12-pounders and four torpedo tubes.
ROME, Sept. 19, via Paris. Dis
patches to Rome newspapers declare
the Austrian fleet is still lying in the
canal behind the fortifications at Palo.
No news of the Anglo-French fleet has
been received since its reported bom
bardment of Cattaro. The navy yard
at Monfalcone is engaged in hurrying
the work of completing the armament
of a cruiser and a torpedo boat which
were not finished when the war broke
COL. VON REUTER ALIVE
Colonel Who Figured In Alsatian
Affair Not Dead, as Reported.
BERLIN. Sept. 19, via Amsterdam and
London. Denial is given the report of
the death of Colonel Von Reuter, who
was in command of the German regi
ment at the time of the Zabern affair.
Colonel Von Reuter'a horse was shot
from under him in the recent fighting,
but it is said he was not wounded.
Herr Bassermann, the noted National
Liberal member of the Reichstag, who
is a corps captain, has received the iron
cross and promoted to major for brav
Prince August William, who is serv
ing in a minor rank, has received the
iron cross. All the sons of the Ger
man Emperor, excepting Prince Adal
bert, who is in the navy, have been so
According to a high German officer
now lying wounded in a hospital at
.Cracow, the Austrians and Hungarians
fought the Russians with a courage
and pugnacity defying description.
"One must see them," he said, "to ap
preciate the gigantic tasks they have
Canada Detains Editor.
WINNIPEG. Man., Sept. 19 For
publishing an article criticising Samuel
Hughes, commissioner of military, and
the arrangements maria At thA v1hbi.
tier military encampment for the dis
patch or Canadian volunteers to Eu
rope. Knox Masree. editor of tho Winni
peg Saturday Post, was arrested today
Dy oraers or me militia department and
lOCked 11 Tl In Fort (IshnrtlH hgrpaplra
Military guards were placed to pre
vent further distribution of the ob
jectionable issue, and, it is understood,
action will be taken by the military au
thorities to. stop all sales of the issue.
Turin. Italy, now has 440,000 people and
T aWl ' B I 4-' 1 tf II
M sr?$ & ' C - , - - - " " ' r"
ABOVE: MONTREAL REGIMENT CROSSING CARTIKR RIVER OX FOKTOOK BRIDGG. BELOW GERMAN AR
TILLERY" BEING MOVED IN TOW OIT MOTOR TRUCK.
COAST IS PROTECTED
England Invasion Scares With
COUNTRY IS UNTAKABLE
Submarines and Destroyers Add to
Power ol Great Fleet Doing Serv
ice of British Isles Coast
Says Naval Expert.
LONDON, Sept. 19. For years, as
Germany has been growing in wealth
and power and has been building a
great navy, the English people have
been growing more nervous and ap
prehensive concerning a possible in
vasion. The ideo of an invasion of
England is not a new one. A long
time ago the fact was accomplished
by the Danes and the Normans.
Napoleon had it in mind, but was
thwarted by Nelson. Von Moltke had
evidently considered it, for he said: "I
have fourteen ways to get into Eng
land, not one way to get out." Since
the present war began the people have
been more or less exercised on the sub
ject, and this has" brought out the fol
lowing statement by Sir A. K. Wilson:
"Is invasion possible? This has now
become a vital question, for there is
an ever-present dread in the minds of
many people that we are liable at any
moment to be invaded by Germans or
bombarded by the German fleet.
"Bui; let us, even in this dark hour,
endeavor to put our minds at ease. Sir
Arthur K. Wilson, the great naval au
thority, recently stated emphatically
that the invasion of England is im
possible, for the following reasons:
"The really serious danger that this
country has to guard against in war is
not invasion, but the interruption to
our trade and destruction of our mer
chant shipping. Before the Germans
can land on our shores it will be neces
sary for them to run the gauntlet of
our North Sea, Channel and other
fleets, which, let it be remembered, are
in wireless communication with their
commanders-in-chief and with the Ad
miralty. Wireless "On the Job."
Thus, if the smallest gunboat sus
pects danger, in an amazingly short
space oi time me whole fleet and also
the admiralty will be informed of the
fact by wireless. Many people are of
tne opinion that our coast guards are
old-fashioned and out of date. Need
less to say, such people have no knowl
edge of our splendid coast defense or
ganization. Supposing that, owing to some ex
traordinary mischance, the Germans do
succeed in an attempt to reach a tem
porarily unprotected part of our shores
and there are very few spots now un
protected what would be the result?
Simply this certain destruction for
the Germans. For if that does happen
Dy any strange and unforeseen stroke
of ill-luck, the enemy's transports or
warships win, directly their presence
is detected, ana long before troops can
be landed, be attacked and sunk by
some of the submarines comprising the
chain that is stationed all along our
coast for that very purpose.
Besides these submarines, there is a
large force of destroyers either in the
ports along the coast or within wire
System of Relief Aids.
In addition to these vessels that are
definitely detailed for coast defense.
the system of relief for those acting
at sea insures a large number being
probably in harbor at their respective
bases or within call while going to or
from their stations.
These destroyers form, in conjunc
tion with the submarines, an effective
second line of defense In the improb
able event of such a second line being
We thus see that not a stng'o loop
hole has been left or overlooked where
by It can be possible for the Germans
to gain a footing along the coast.
Even greater precautions are being
taken. Nothing, however insignificant
it may seem to the landsman, is be
ing left to chance. It stands to reason
that the nation has not been spend
ing millions of pounds for the main
tenance of our sea supremacy without
the authorities taking the greatest
care that the splendid body of men
whose duty It is to guard our lives
and homes are thoroughly efficient in
the minutest details affecting the
service, be they admirals or stokers.
Let us not forget the fact that our
naval defenses are not single, but two
fold. The first line consists of the fleet,
the second of a separate coast defense
organization of submarines and de
stroyers. Even now, whilst we are in the
midst of war, the possibility of suc
cessful invasion is very remote indeed.
DAILY HOSTAGES TAKEN
MORE THAN 100 HOUSES IN RUINS
Germans Also Exact Contribution of
S130.000 Gold Great Lack of
Provisions Is Felt.
BORDEAUX. Sept. 19. In a report
to the Minister of the Interior, under
date of .September 15, the Sub-Prefect
of Luneville says that town has. been
occupied three weeks by the Germans.
More than 100 houses have- been
burned, the sub-prefecture is a heap of
ruins, numerous acts of pillage have
been committed and a contribution of
650,000 francs ($130,000) in , gold has
During the greater part of the occu
pation there has been a great lack of
provisions. No gas, electricity or
Kerosene is available and the Inhabi
tants are obliged to use candles for
lighting purposes. Four hostages have
been given daily to answer for the se
curity of the German troops.
Prefect Briens, of Pas-de-Calais, who
has been under restraint, reported that
during the three days' occupation of
Arras nis only Humiliation was moral
constraint. He was Informed that he
was not a prisoner, but simply must
hold himself at the disposal of the Ger
man military authorities. The German
commander asked him to have all men
affected by the latest mobilization nr.
der brought to the citadel, but this the
preieci aeenned to do.
On receiveing the prefect's assur
ances that there was no money in the
departmental treasury, the officer sa
luted and went away. The railroad
station and the barracks were wrecked
and the electrical plant and the post
office were rendered useless.
A dlsnatfh In thA TrAn&. i
Company from Paris, on September 13,
- an ouiciii statement, said the
French had reoccupled Luneville.
Holland .Buying Supplies.
NEW ORt.KAVS Sl to Hi... Tk-.w
f -.iic A-teiu-
erlands government has .entered the
United States markets as a large pur
chaser of supplies, according to a local
w.vivci, w no Lays ne nas oeen com
missioned as purchasing agent at this
The Holland-America liner Maarten
dijk sailed from here last night with
the first shipment, consisting of 220,
000 bushels of grain, 300 bales of cot
ton and other products. Othr- ship
ments. It Is said, soon will be made
San Diego, California. October 6, 1913.
Bankers Life Insurance Company.
Gentlemen: Please accept my thanks
for your prompt and very satisfactory
settlement of my policy No. 2971.
W'hen I took .out the contract 20 '
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I can be of any service to your or your
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FRANK D. LOVETT. .
Ask the maa w
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Defense Fortress Seems to Be
Doomed by Development.
GERMANY'S SECRET KEPT
That Single Projectile Could Demol
ish Walls of .Concrete arid Still v
- Unknown Even to Peo
BERLIN. Sept 4. (Correspondence
of the. Associated Press.) It still Is too
early to base general predictions con
cerning war in the future "on the en
gagements of the present great Euro
One prediction, however, does seem
fairly justified already. It is that the
day of fortresses has passed. The new
42-centimeter (16.8-inch) siege gun of
the German forces appears to have
demonstrated its ability to demolish
the strongest fortifications ever made.
Pictures of the demolition at Liege
bear striking testimony to the power
of this new arm. A single projectile
demolished utterly walls of reinforced
cement and steel, ripped open steel
towers and piled the mass on the forts'
This new siege gun has been tho sur
prise of the war. It has been repeat
edly asserted that no nation has any
military secrets that are not in posses
sion of all other important nations, but
events have proved not only that the
existence of this terrible weapon was
not known to foreign nations, but that
only a limited number of high German
army officials themselves had so much
as heard of it A member of the Reich
stag, whose name is not given, is
quoted as follows in a German paper:
"The fact that the German army pos
sessed such a gun was as much of a
surprise to the Germans as to foreign
ers, for its construction and nature
were kept secret, as the situation de
manded, so that even in the empire
only a limited number knew about it"
STEEL ARROW NEW TERROR
Germans Say French Aviators Drop
Mistlles In Showers.
BERLIN. Sept. 19. A shower of
steel arrows, released by French avia
tors more than a mile high in the air,
is the modern terror of war, according
to accounts of German wounded, print
ed In the Munich Medical Weekly.
The arrows, which are of pressed
steel, from four to six inches long and
a quarter of an inch in diameter, have
a heavy pointed head and a skeleton
ised shaft The arrows seem to have
caused more surprise than actual dam
age. Only one man was killed by a
head wound in the attack described,
the others causing mostly flesh wounds.
Twenty Payment Life Policy
Matured in the
OLD LINE BANKERS' LIFE IN
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Name of Insured. .Frank D. Lovett
Residence San Diego, Calif.
Amount of Policy $1,000.00
Total Premiums Paid to
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Total Cash Paid Mr. Lovett. .$910.55
And 20 Years Insurance for
PHEGLEY & CAVENDER
Corner Fourth and Alder Sts.
2 POSITIONS TAKEN
Russians Report Defeat of
Austrian Rear Guard.
RETIRING FOE FORTIFYING
Extended Defense Being; Prepared
With Przemysl as Center Ger
mans Making Advances in
PAH1S, Sept. 19. An official an
nouncement by Russian headquarters
sent by tho Petrograd correspondent of
tho Havaa Agency Bays:
"The Russian troops have captured
tho fortified positions of Siniava. and
Sambor On Galicla). Tho Austrian rear
guard has been thrown back beyond
tho San River in the region of Ra-
dymno and Medylca. The Austrians
destroyed the bridges on the Sn in
the region of Sandomir and Kadomysl.
"Tho Russians have captured 3000
prisoners and 23 cannon in the region
of. enairov and have taken 3000 cases
LONDON, Sept. 19. Dispatches from
Vienna by way of Rome say the Aus
trians have fortified an extended new
front resting on Cracow and that the
Russian Generals Ruszky and Brusiloff
are momentarily expected to besrin an
Petrograd reports that General Ren
rienkampff has dennitelv arrested the
German advance. This movement has
been assisted by river excursion boats
changed into what the soldiers termed
a one-horse navy. "
One report which reached London
from Galicla declares that the Austrian
cavalry has been entirely wiped out.
This may account for the fortification
of the Austrian line instead of its con
tinued retreat toward Cracow. The
fortress of Premysl, the center of the
line of defense, has a garrison of 60,000.
and is said to be provisioned for two
A message from Berlin says the Ger
man Eastern army continues its opera
tions in the district about Souwalkl.
Russian Poland, according to a state
ment tonight by the general staff.
Tho army is advancing on the fort
ress at Osouroc. 45 kilometers (about
30 miles) southwest of Lyck (Eastern
Prussia), on the railroad between Lyck
and Bielostok (a town on the borders
of Poland). This fortress guards the
river Bwber. whicUL.elsewhere cannot be
crossed, owing to swamps, and forma a
natural barrier before the advancing
RHEIMS IS BOMBARDED
(Continued From First Par-)
it is of the most sanguinary character
and that it is still undecided.
Attacks and counter attacks are In
censant along the line. Tt British, as
Y.M.C. A. Night Schools Open Tomorrow
. -a.x.-w-,. WX--, iXj J T" :Vr
! This : Mi1' :f-
Training will y?
I get it for you,, j y y:-'
on the Marne. are bearing the brunt
of the counter attacks and are con
ducting themselves brilliantly.
German Reeelviac Relaforcemeata.
The official statement given out by
tho French War Office at Paris aaya
the French have advanced on the right
bank of the Oise; that the Germans are
bringing reinforcements from Lor
raine to the River Aisne: that the
enemy is holding firm on the center,
and that the army of the German
Crown Prince continues to retreat. The
text of the statement is as follows:
"First On our left wing, on the
right bank of the River Oise. in the
direction of Noyon. we have advanced
We hold all the heights of tho right
bank of tho Aisne. opposite an enemy
who seema to be reinforcing himself by
the bringing of troops from Lorraine.
'Second On the center tho Germans
have not moved from the deep trenches
constructed by them. On our right
wing the army of the German Crown
Prince continues its movement of re
treat. Our advance in Lorraine is reg
ular. "Summing up. tho two opposing
armies, strongly entrenched, are deliv
ering partial attacks along the entire
front without it being possible to re
cord any decisive result for .one side
or the other.
Tho British official bureau contented
iteelf with the following statement:
"The situation remains unchanged. A
counter attack against the first di
vision, delivered during the night, was
"The weather la bad and it la rain
The following official statement from
the German headquarters was issued
"It is reported that a decisive at
tack is being made by the thirteenth
and fourth army corps and parts of
other German divisions south of
Noyon. with loss.
"Beaumont has been stormed and
3500 French prisoners captured.
"Attacks along the entire battle
front are being easily repulsed.
"Many guns and prisoners have been
captured, though tho number is not yet
"The Invasion of the Alpine rifle
men over the Vosges into the Breisacli
Valley has been repulsed.
"The German Eastern army continues
its operations in Su walk Province and
is advancing against the Russian
"Dispatches from Agram report that
the victory over the Servians was far
greater than at first believed.
"The Servians were completely
routed and driven in flight across the
Save River. Many were drowned."
Subsistence Problem Real.
ROTTERDAM, via London. Sept, 19
There seems to be little doubt that the
German retirement in the western thea
ter of the war was dife largely to the
subsistence problem with which the
army had been wrestling for some time
owing to the rapid advance.
Authoritative information, describing
conditions at the front, indicates that
the troops subsisted largely on the food
which they commandeered, and in many
cases lived on dry bread for more than
a week. This was especially the case
with those advancing by way of Bel
gium, who were obliged to fall back
farther than those in the south.
It la also learned that for a time the
ammunition supply was not equal to
Confidence that these conditions can
be remedied is responsible for the
optimism with which the situation is
letters irom iast r russla would seem
to indicate that the northern section
..-111 V- i ,. . . . . - . . I
xitjiu on me aeiensive tor tnv
present. It is known that large forcel
. woaa .H.U..11 unit oncaiit ig i:
yicwo ui rtriniorcing .renerais yi
vuiiKtru i&u oacK in ine territory
amitV. " 1 . . 1. 1 . I -n 1
Redurflkt Prices oa All Make.
Model 5, 84 characters a 40.00
Modpl 4, 76 characters s .1T..OO
Model 3, wide carriage 40.00
Model 11, recimal Tabulator... 50.00
Model 11. Remington - Wihl
Add! njr. Subtract
ing and Listing
j Machine 100.00
Model 10. Elite type s S7.no
Models 6 and 7. ais.oo and.... 17,50
Model 5, Olivers s .10.00
jnoaei z, i. c. Smith or Bro.... .1.VOO
Model 5. latest Smith & Bro..S BS.OO
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Model 10, Smith Premier - SS.OO
Models 2 and 4, Smith Pre-
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Models 1 and Z. Royal a 27.no
Model 5, Royal a -4..oo
All thoroughly factory rebuilt and
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Any machine sent for three davs'
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Four Moitka for 95 and
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