The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, September 20, 1914, Section One, Image 1

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    74 Pages
Section One
Pages 1 to 18
Six Sections
Fighting Rages Violently
on Crayonne Plateau..
French Say They Have Made
Progress on Western Side
of the Argonne.
British Bear Brunt of Foe's
Counter Attacks, Acquitting
Themselves Brilliantly.
PARIS, Sept. 19. The last official
communication issued tonight says
that in a serious encounter near
Craonne, the allies have captured num
bers of prisoners and a standard.
The Germans are reported to have
gained no gTOund, notwithstanding
their violent counter attacks. The sit
uation is described as unchanged.
The statement follows: .
"On our left wing we have captured
a flag south of Noyon. l
Rheims Bombarded All Day.
"Following, .a rather serious en
gagement on the Plateau- of Craonne
we have made several prisoners, be
longing to the Twelfth and Fifteenth
corps and the Guard corps. The Ger
mans, notwithstanding attacks which
were of extreme violence, were, not
able to gain any., ground, around
Rheims, which they have been bom
barding all day.
'On the center we have made prog
ress on the western side of the Ar
gonne. .There is nothing new on the
right wing. '
"The general situation remains fa
vorable." Bordeaux Reports Progress.
A dispatch from Bordeaux says:
"The allies' left wing is slowly
working its way around, but it is too
early to announcethe -success of any
movement. Progress, however, unde
niably has been made upon the ene
my's right, in spite of the natural dif
ficulties of the conntrv where a cen
tury ago General Blucher, flung back
by Napoleon, found a temporary rest
ing place.
"Already the fury of the battle is
waning, but it said whether
this is due to fatigue on both sides
or whether it points to a resumption
of the enemy's retreat."
LONDON, Sept. 19. Accounts from
French, British and German Sources
of the battle of the Aisne, now in
progress, agree in the particular that
(Concluded on Page 2.)
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LOMJO.V. Sept. 19. Six steamers
carrying; 60OO American left the Brit
ish Inlea today for the Vnited State.
This makes the total of Americas de
partures durinic the week 15,000.
LOXDOX, Sept. ID. The Star has
published' a dispatch from Rome sarins
that warships cruising? In the Adriatic
have captured -n Austrian steamer fly
Ins; the Greek fias loaded with arms
and ammunition destined for Albania.
PAIUS, Sept. 19 The Germans ore
ntronarly entrenching-. on the River
Aisne. with reinforcements from Lor
raine, according to official announce
ment 'made In Paris today.
LONDO., Sept. 10. In a dispatch
from Rome the correspondent of the
Exchange Telegraph Company says
that six Austrian torpedo-boats have
bombarded Antivart, a fortified port
of Montenegro. They made a special
but fruitless effort to destroy the
Preach wireless station. So damage
was Inflicted on the town.
LOVDOX, Sept. 19. The American
cruiser Tennessee will start for Amer
ica about October 1, earryliS home
virtually all the Army officers who
came over to Europe on Government
relief work. The Tennessee left New
Tork August with more than 5,0OO,
OOO on board to aid stranded Amer
icans In Europe.
LONDON, Sept. 1. A dispatch to the
Evening News from Venice saya that
one adde of the Austrian dreadnought
Virions Unitls was badly damaged In
a fight in the Adriatic, but she es
caped her pursuers.
ROME, Sept. 19. A report received
here from the Austro-Itallan frontier
aays that 300,000 Austrian troops are
watching the Italian border. Trieste
has been left with a garrison of only
LONDON Sepr. 19. In a dispatch
from Rome the correspondent of the
Exchange Telegram Company says ad
vices have been received there from
Vienna describing violent scenes said
to have occurred last Thursday outside
the Austrian Ministry of War. All the
windows In this bull dins were broken.
BERLIN, Sept. 19, via wireless to
Ssyvllle, L. I. According to the Co
logne Gazette, Japan sent a special com
missioner to a German motor company
during the- first days of July to order
40O aeroplane motors to he delivered
within the shortest limit of time. The
order, however, was not carried out.
BERLIN, Sept. 19, via wireless to
Sayville, L. L The German Governor
ef Belgium, General von der Golts, has
appointed Privy Councillor Dr. von
Falcke to decide on ways and means to
effect the protection of Belgian treas
ure of art asainst burglary and
hostage. - Dr.. von Falcke is msklag m
tour of Louvain. Namnr, Buy, Nlvellea
and Liege, accompanied by a Belgian.
art expert, and will take whatever
steps to this end that may be neces
sary. LONDON, Sept. 18. Emperor Nicholas,
according; to n Petrograd dispatch to
the Renter Telegram Company, has au
thorized the adoption f a new flag
symbolising the union of His Majesty
and the Russian people. It combines
the Imperial arms and the national
BELLINGHAM. Waih, Sept. 10. Ac
cording to the master of a halibut boat,
an attempt was made the night before
last to born the Canadian coal bunkers
st Nanaimo. Two territorial residents
of Westminster on suard were killed.
The cruisers are circling Vancouver
Island in pursuit.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 10. Amb
dor Herrtck at Paris has arranged. It
became known here today, to transfer
the American Embassy to William G.
Sharp, of Ohio, the newly appointed
Ambassador, on October 1. The State
Department had. left it to the men in
volved to arrange the date, and Mr.
Herrick suggested the end of this
"PARIS, Sept. 10. The Nlsh, Servla,
correspondent of the Havas Agency has
sent the following dispatch: "Con
cerning rumors that Servla and Austria-Hungary
will conclude a separate
peace treaty, a semi-official note says
that Servla will not conclude peace
alone and will not separate from the
powers In the triple entente."
Schedule A Features
Expire With 1915.
Insurance Policies, Telegraph
and 'Phone Messages Pay.
Measure to Be Introduced Monday.
Republicans Record Opposition
and Bis Fight Is Expected to
Come In Senate.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 19. An emerg
ency revenue bill to provide 1105,000,
000, taxing beer, wines, gasoline, sleeping-
and parlor-car tickets. Insurance,
telegraph and telephone messages,
amusements and & variety of docu
ments, was agreed on today by the
Democratic members of the Souse ways
and means committee. It will be in
troduced by Democratic Leader Under
wood next Monday.
' The Republicans of the committee
will be called in Tuesday to vote on
it and the Bouse will begin consider
ing it. next Thursday.
Fight W1U Come la Senate.
Republicans of both House and Sen
ate already have gone on record In
opposition to any war tax measure. The
Democrats hope to rush the bill
through the House and the bis fight
against it. It is realized, will be in the
. The committee increased the internal
revenue tax on beer by 50 cents a bar
rel, making the new tax total (1.50.
Domestic wines are to be taxed 20 cents
a gallon on sweet wines and 12 cents
a gallon on dry wines. Gasoline is to
be taxed 2 cents a gallon.
Many Items of the bill are adopted
verbatim from the Spanish War tax
bill of 1S98, including: the administra
tive features.
Stamp Tax Has Time Limit.
Stamp tux provisions of the bill and
the tax on tobacco dealers, brokers,
bankers and. amusements are carried
in schedule A, which will continue In
effect until December SI, 1915. The
remainder of the bill will be In force
until repealed. "
Bankers are to be taxed S2 on each
(1000 of capital, surplus and undivided
profits; brokers will pay (50 each,
pawnbrokers (3.0, commercTaJ brokers
(20. customs-house brokers (10. Pro
prietors of theaters, music and concert
halls in cities of 15,000 population or
over are to pay (100 each. Circus pro
prietors are to pay (100 a year, pro
prietors of other exhibitions (10 . and
proprietors of bowling alleys or billiard-rooms,
(5 for each alley or table.
Tobacco Dealers Taxed.
Tobacco dealers and manufacturers
are to be taxed thesame as in 1898,
except that in the largest class, "to-.
bacco dealers not specifically provid
ed for." the tax is to be (4.80 each.
In 1898 there was a (12 tax on tobacco
dealers having annual sales of 50,000
pounds"br more.
Bonds ana certificates of indebted
ness are taxed 5 cents for each (100
involved, and freight and express re
ceipts 1 cogt each, with a mandatory
provision that the shippers must pay
this tax. Telephone messages are to
be taxed 1 cent on all tolls of 15 cents
or more, and telegrams 1 cent a mes
sage. The bill carries taxes of 50 cents on
each Indemnity bond. 2 cents on each
certificate of profits. 25 cents on each
Concluded on Page 4.)
The Weather.
TESTER D AY S Maximum temperature. 64
degrees; minimum. 64 decrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair; southwest winds.
City of Rhetma
BscUoa 3.
pace 1.
Anne XUttenhouse describee
time. Section 1, page 3.
Paris rn war-
Battle victims are burled in .layers.
uon l. page 4.
German General von Moltke is picturesque
character. Section 1, page 5.
New German projectile seals doom ef
fortress in war. Section 1. page
Exhausted armies take night's rest. Section
1. page 1.
Olympla, London pavilion, is prison for hun
dreds ot aliens. Section 3, page 7.
Russians report capture of two fortified
positions from Austrian in Gall els. Sec
tion 1. page .2.
German privates say losses In their armies
have been enormous. Section 2, page fiw
British Coast declared by naval expert to
be untakable. Section 1. page 3.
Marconi wireless told It most explain Its
violation of neutrality or be shot down.
Section 1. page 4.
Kaiser far from beaten, says war reviewer.
Section 1, page S.
Lloyd George tells Welshmen Prussia is
road hog of Europe." Section 1, page X,
Filibuster against harbor Mil results tn
recess until Monday. Section 1, page 8.
Democratic leaders complete war tax bill
Section 1, page 1.
Colonel Roosevelt admonishes labor It has
responsibilities. Section . 1, page 7.
; " Sport.
Coast League results Tenet 3-3, Portland
1-0; Missions 1, San Francisco 0; Los
Angeles 4. Oakland 3. Section 2. page 2.
McGinnlty signs Venice contract. Section 2,
page 2.
Aggie football squad home today and facing
college's heaviest schedule. . Section 2.
page 4.
New Portland club enters amateur sports.
Section 2. page 5.
Matty lays setback of Giants to Johnny
Brers. Section 2, page 8.
Exposition oval model for races. Section 2,
page S.
Welsh quibbles on terms tor Ritchie. Sec
tion 2, page 6.
Northwestern league not te re-enter Port
land. Section 2, page 2.
Interscholastle League squads are depleted.1
Section 2. page 4.
Lack of nerves great help to youthful golf
ers. Section 2, page 5.
Ralph M. Paver, noted Ohio athlete, to as
sist "Doc" Stewart at Corvsllla. . Section
2. page 4.
Portland wins from Boise team in polo tour
ney at Spokane. Section 2. page 2.
Pacific Northwest.
Fifty-eight perish on schooner Lecrett, ac
cording to official list. Section 1, page 1.
Recent tragedy in which Jens Jensen was
hero, recalled. Section 1, page 7.
J. A. Farrell. one of two saved off Leggett,
floats for 10 hours on tie. Section 1,
page 6.
Hill murder ease comes up again soon Sec
tion 1. page 11.
Programme announced for Oregon's greatest
State Fair. Section 1, page 10.
Normal school has enrollment of 205. mostly
new students. Section 1, page 8,
Republican Congressional Committee resents
attack on Mr. Hawley. Section 1. page 9.
Final day of Frontier Days is hummer. Sec
tion 1, page 10. .
Hugh Q. Todd, chairman of King County
Democrats, has opponent. Section X.
page a.
- Commercial and Marine.
Demand for hops subsides with compietlen
of harvest. Section 2. page IB.
Heavy European buying whest prices
. to boom at Chicago. Ejection 2, page 15.
Marked improvement In week in financial
situation. Section 2, page IS.
Loading of floor for California delays de
parture ot steamer Bear for hour. Sec
tion 2. page e.
Real Kstato sad BnUdlag.
Building loss light from war. Seetiea 4,
page 8.
Cains made by dry backed up by building
operations on or planned. Section 4.
page 8.
New York magazine pays compliment to
Portland project. Section 4, page a.
Portland aad TIctnny.
W. H. Dean allowed extensren of 30 days in
telephone purchase. Section 2, page 14.
Jackson-Mulkey waterfront measure at
tacked by E. L. Covert. Section 1,
page IT.
H. C. Sampson urges more fruit canneries.
Section 1, page 12.
Retiring head of Willamette "TP- leaves for
iast bepteraoer -a. cection 1, page l.
Tax levy for 1913 to be low. Section 1.
page IB.
Clubwomen gather at first Fall meeting ef
council oi Oregon eaeratloa of Clubs.
Section 1, page Id.
Vaccination order meets further Apposition.
Section 1. page IT.
Southern Oregon land ease bearing set for
September -a or .1. section 1. page 14.
Only four cases on docket of Ninth Circuit
Federal -Court of Appeala Section 1,
page 14.
Alleged originator of payroll forgeries In
Portland, is belief. Section 2. page 0.-
C E. S. Wood criticises Senator Chamber
lain. Section 1, page. 14.
Oak-street extension will soon he completed.
bection J... page js.
Temple Alexander, paroled prisoner. 28. is
reported as having eloped with Miss
Carrie M. Ellwert, fa3. Section 1. page 8.
Republlcsn women to help campaign and
schedule first event. Section 2, page 6.
Inquiries for space at Land Show increase.
Section 2, page 10.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
1. page 8
Cannon's Roar Almost
Ceases for Night.
Deadly Machine Guns Have
Taught Lesson of Caution.
Xews That Germans Have Received
Reinforcements From Lorraine
Officially Confirmed Mil
lion Men Engaged.
by way of Paria, Sept- 19. Overpower
ing fatlg-ue and privations, i. suiting
from five days of unrelenting struggle,
brought about latt night a temporary
lull In the combat of the powerful ar
mies that are face to face along the
rivers Oise. Alsxe and Woevre.
The roar of cannon, machine guns
and rifles died down early last night
and the presence of two r Teles com
posed of probably altogether 1,000,000
or more men within touch on an un
even line and ready to spring to a
fatal grip scarcely could be conceived,
so Intense was the stillness, broken
only by an occasional vagrant report.
Equinoctial Storm Continues.
The soldiers of the allies and the
Germans alike were snatching a little
rest, huddled In the strong entrench
ments, the trenches In places being
half filled -vita, water as equinoctial
storms continue.
The Frenc r -d British, like the
Germans, have now entrenched and
settle-T down lor the stem fight, which
threatens to be even longer and r. are
sanguinary than the battle of the Marae.
Progress Is being made at some points
by the allies, but slowly, and the de
velopments ot the last 24 hours are not
important, except that it is officially
confirmed that the Ger-aans have re
ceived reinforcements . om Lorraine.
R. ashing; Tactics Abaadoaed.
There were a Jew Isolated encoun
ters today but both sides appear to
have abandoned the rush . movements
across the open which marked the early
stages of the war. Obviously the deadly
machine guns have taught a lesson.
One of the incidents of yesterday
when the fighting was awful in its sac
rifice was widely recounted today.
A British Infantry regiment, on re
ceiving an order to advance and to
take a German position, knelt for a
moment In prayer. Then the men.
knowing that their charge 'was to be
terrible In cpst, sprang to their feet
and with fixed bayonets, clambered
out of the shelter of the trench. In
short and rapid, rushes they advanced
In wide open order, alternately lying
down and then making another dash
of IS yards.
Acts ef Bravery Xuenna.
From the German position came the
thick hail of .the machine guns, the
attacking soldiers hurrahed and sang
as they pressed forward. Many fell
with cries of determination on their
lips. Finally those who remained of
the regiment reached and took the
German position after a desperate
hand-to-hand encounter.
This was only one among many sim
ilar acts of courage and discipline on
the part of French, British and Ger
mans alike at various points along the
Saturday's War Moves
ALTHOUGH no decisive result has
been achieved by either of the ar
mies facing each other in Northern
France. It Is quite clear that severe
fighting continues and that heavy
rains are adding to the discomforts ef
the contenders. The German official
report says the French attacks have
been repulsed, that Beaumont has been
stormed and that many French prison
ers have been captured. French re
ports, on the other hand, while agree
ing to the stubbornness of the contest,
declare the situation is "satisactory."
despite the fact the Germans have re
ceived reinforcements, presumably from
Lorraine. A battle of especial ferocity
Is being fought on the plateau of Cray
onne. v
The French army, operating on the
right bank of the River Oise in the
region of Noyon, according to this re
port, has made some progress, while
the Anglo-French force which a week
ago crossed the River Aisne in the face
of a withering fire from the German
guns, now holds the ncights to the
north or that point. In the center the
Germans have not moved from the
trenches which they dug when they
were compelled to fall back, while the
Crown Prince's army, which holds the
German left, again has retired.
From this It is gathered that the
main French attack Is directed against
the German left with the object of
driving it back towards Stenay and
Sedan, thus cutting its line of com
munication to Metz. This would ac
count for the strong reinforcements
estimated at 50.000 men that have been
sent to support General Von Kluck.
who Is making such a stubborn stand
on the German right. As long as he
can keep the allies busy there It would
be impossible for them to detach forces
to assist In the main attack on the
Crown Prince.
It Is apparent from the French ac
counts that the German right is In no
small danger, particularly If It Is true
that a French turning movement is In
progress from Amiens in the direction
of St- Quentin. Of this there is some
evidence because of the presence In
that district of British airmen. The
troops. however, are " handicapped
greatly by the heavy rains which have
caused swollen rivers and miry roads.
They must fight for some days yet be
fore a decisive result Is reached.
The outcome depends largely on
which side can bring up most quickly
the strongest reinforcements. The two
armies are about evenly placed. The
Germans have behind them the rail
ways stretching Into Belgium and
Luxemburg and Germany Itself, while
the allies have all France behind them
in addition to the sea, which the Brit
ish navy has kept open for them.
While the French railways have suf
lered greatly in the German advance
ou Paris and. the retreat from that dls
trict. array engineers have relaid the
tracks and reconstructed the bridges.
The government had In reserve mate
rial already prepared to duplicate
every bridge likely to be destroyed by
the enemy. This was taken to the ap
pointed places in sections.
1 1 Lorraine and Alsace the situation
seems unchanged. None of the reports
refer to fighting there.
The Russian offensive against Austria
is developing slowly. There are great
stretches of-country to cover and enor
mous numbers of men to move. Aus
tria, It Is computed, has not more than
500,000 men left to guard her northern
frontier against the Russian millions.
but if she can withdraw them to Cra
cow in some sort of order she can rely
on the help of a well-trained German
array corps.
It Is to prevent this that Russia is
bending her energy. She has at present
an army drawn across Galicla from
Tarnogred in the north right down to
the Carpathians, passing east of the
fortresses of Sienawa, Jaroslav and
Przemysl. all of which she is about to
attack. This army Is moving westward
while another, driving the second Aus
trian army before it, according to Rus
sian reports. Is moving south from
Zamosc and Radom between Przemysl
and Cracow.
xdo Ausinans are forming a new
front to oppose this move, and the two
armies must soon come together.
Talk of peace has been dropped.
President Wilson la said to desire to
avoid arousing resentment by ill-timed
Upofficial Report Says,
Maybe 70 Vent Down.
Lifeboats Containing 38, In
eluding Women and Chil
dren, Are Swamped.
Alexander Farrell, of Sacra
mento, Cal One Saved, Re
lates Tale of Horror.
ASTORIA, Or.. Sept. 19. (Special.)
Fifty-eight persons, at least, and prob
ably more, perished when the steam
schooner Francis H. Leggett sank In
a 90-mlle gale CO miles south of the
Columbia River and SO miles northwest
by north of Taquina light, off the Ore
gon coast shortly after 3 o'clock Fri
day afternoon. ' Such Is the Information
obtained here today. Other estimates
place the number of dead at 70. Five
women, a boy and a girl are among the
Three Reported Saved.
Two persons are known to have been
rescued, after clinging several hours to
wreckage tossed by a vicious sea, and
an unconfirmed report says a third per
son has been ' picked up.
The known passenger list, furnished
by the owners at San Francisco, to
taled 35. Besides Captain Maro, the
Leggett carried a crew of 21 men
Two lifeboats are reported to have
been filled and lowered. One contained
SO persons and the other eight. All the
women and children were included.
Heavy seas swamped the lifeboats im
mediately upon their striking the
TamVer Picks l"s Two.
The known survivors are. Alexander
Farrell. of Sacramento. . Cal and
George Pullman, or Pollman, of Winni
peg, Man. Both were rescued by the
oil tanker Frank H. Buck, which is
lying off the mouth of the Columbia
River tonight awaiting a quiet sea to
enter this harbor. Farrell waa trans
ferred to the steamer Beaver and taken
to Portland. He told a thrilling story
of his experience and gave pathetic ac
counts of drownings of persons at
tempting to cling to wreckage.
The Leggett was en route to San
Francisco from. Grays Harbor ports,
having left Portland a few days ago for
Washington towns to load lumber.
Passenger List Gives.
The passenger list furnished by the
owners is:
From Seattle Charles P. Warner.
Thomas Watklns. C L. Stanley. John
Maes, John Reutzmer, Mrs. B. A. Parks,
Carl Dale, George Mortimer. John Kng
stroni. F. H. Davis, Mrs. Snedeker, Ho
mer D. Snedeker, Raymond Snedeker.
E. Messner. H. Van Heusen, George
Pollman, D. A. Goldsmith. P. H. Fields.
C A. Roherbacher.
From Hoquiam Earl McFeeley. J. M.
Oh man, M. Peterson, James Smith, Vern
Lansing. John Peterson. R. T. Taylor.
From Aberdeen Mrs. Nellie Ander
son, Helen Anderson, aged 12, Miss Go
mez. Miss Tilly Wunderling, George
Concluded on Psce 6.