4 TTTE SUyPAYOREGONIAy, PORTLAND, ATJG-TJST 23, 1914. - - i PORTLAND STARTS OUT FOR ANNUAL TRADE WORTH $10,000,000 Business, Running Into Millions, Probably Will Npt Be BT MARK WOODRUFF. BEGINNING a campaign for estab lishing closer business relations between Portland, the Coos Bay district, Winchester ay and the lower Siuslaw River, of which. Marshfleld, North Bend. Myrtle Point, Coquille, Bandon. Gardiner and Florence are of chief commercial importance, represen tatives of large Jobbing and wholesale concerns of this city are today en route to the west coast of Lane, Douglas and Coos counties. The delegation will arrive at Marshfleld Monday evening and will devote the four following days to an effort to divert toward Portland a business that aggregates approxi mately $10,000,000 each year, and most of v.-hich has heretofore been counted as assets of Sac Francisco and Seattle traders. Business houses of adjoining states have held that tremendous trade be cause the west coast ports of Oregon heretofore have been isolated from Ore gon trading renters, save for the wa ter routes. These Coast cities have been In Oregon for the benefit of Cal ifornia and Washington. For years the resources of this state have been cut from the land and mined from the ground to make San Fran- ar,A Seattle traders urosperous It has been done by loyal-hearted clt- Izens of a state In which they couio not be assimilated. Their lumber, coal. cheese, butter, fruits and vegetables have sought the markets of the world aboard coastwise schooners. These boats have gone out year after year with tull cargoes and have been willing to , carry return freight at a "rate that 'would reduce expenses." Imports Outweigh Export. Under these circumstances Marsh -field alone has annually expended $3, 691 570 for clothing, groceries and other necessities which the rich Coos Bay district could not produce, while the port has sent out exports valued ,at only $274,704 more than its imports. The point is that San Francisco and Puget'Sound merchants have purchased the exports of Coos Bay, of the Sius law and Winchester Bay and have sold the imports of those districts. It is 600 miles from San Francisco to Coos Bay and it is only 300 miles from Portland to that point. Notwithstand ing that Portland has had the advan tage of one-half the distance, the trade balance has been "nine to nothing in the ninth Inning" against the chief city of Oregon. Neither San Francisco nor Seattle merchants can sell goods at Coos Bay any cheaper than can Portland merchants. The score against Portland is because of "service." There were no railroads into Coos Bay, and the lumber schooners of the coast serv ice were found to be reliable, though slow, means of transportation for goods and merchandise. Now comes the reason for the Com mercial Club excursion, headed by C. C. Chapman and John M. Scott, general passenger agent for the Southern Pa cific Company. It is told in four words, with an explanation: The Willamette Pacific Railroad, now building between Eugene and Marhshfleld. which will bo completed within one year, and which Is a Southern Pacific line. With the building of that road from Eugene to Marshfleld comes ffte op portunity for Portland wholesalers and jobbers "to annex a mighty profitable territory through the establishment of a rail service that is sure to make equitable rates and which guarantees rapid delivery. Railroad Cost Umlnwin. Nobody knows how much money the Southern Pacific Company is expend ing in order to reach Coos Bay, tne L'mpqua and the Siuslaw. W. P. Hoey, engineer in charge, might furnish that Information, but he will not. William Hood, the chief engineer for the com pany at San Francisco, Is fully as com municative. But the fact remains that the grade for that road is practically completed between terminals, and that 2000 men are at work in rock cuts and tunnels, and which, when completed, will make the west coast ports of Ore gon integral parts of the Oregon busi ness system. It will furnish a direct line between Portland and Coos Bay. touching the Siuslaw, Umpqua and Smith rivers en route, and will give the Portland merchant an even chance to compete with his San Francisco or Seattle rival in the business world. When the new railroad is in opera tion it will be bringing trains of lum ber and coal to Willamette Valley points, and the area for their distribu tion will reach from California to Alaska At this moment three great coal mines around Coos Bav are en gaged in opening coaf veins and block- ' ing out deposits, so max large numoers of miners may be placed at work in knocking down the coal as soon as the railroad Is able to handle it. Coos Bay coal has not moved to the coast mar kets of the West in past years because of losses entailed t .rough handling it as ship cargoes. The losses by handling will be obviated when it can be loaded aboard the cars at the mine shute and the car set in at point of consumption. In a similar manner it is expected that the dairy products, fruits and vegetables of Coos Bay and inter mediate points will secure ready mar kets in the Interior of the state and along the trade routes which are avail able to Portland. Scealc Line Christened. In carrying out their mission and in the establishing of those friendly relations which the Commercial Club delegation hopes for. the Portlanders are not only making the first trip over Oregon's newest railroad, but are christening one of the scenic lines of the West. The Willamette Pacific will be known as second only to the Columbia River Highway. It combines mountain views, the wilderness of big trees, a lake dis trict that surpasses those of Maine or New Hampshire, with one of the most substantially constructed railroads of the entire West. From Eugene to Coos Bay the Willamette Pacific Is a suc cession of heavy rails, long tunnels, concrete and steel bridges, charming canyons, wonderful lakes, where 5000 Bummer homes can be placed without crowding, and delightful beach resorts, and all on a grade of six lengths of 1 per cent to the mile. The sleeper in which the Portlanders yesterday left the big town on the Willamette will be sidetracked at the end of the pres ent railroad. 35 miles west of Eugene, where the-envoys will be loaded aboard stages for the trip down Wild Cat creek and the Siuslaw to Mapleton. In the meantime they will have seen a num ber of the 28 steel bridges being placed on the line of the Willamette Pacific, have passed through the 2500 Noti tunnel and spent a couple of hours In the big timber of the western slope. Today they are at Acme and Florence, at .the mouth of the Siuslaw River, where home capital Is matching dollars with the Government of the United States in building jetties that are to furnish 20 feet of water over the Siuslaw bar at low tide. It was five years ago that L B. Ous'iman and a delegation of Florence business men conceived the Idea of creating the Port of the Siuslaw. They secured legislation giving authority tor creating the port by taking In all of the Siuslaw water shed, embracing 1000 square miles of heavily wooded timber lands. Bonds for $100,000 were issued and sold. Then the government sent in Its experts. They reported that the amount of merchantable timber in the district warranted the assumption that the port would "develop a perma nent shlppin? business. The Govern ment put In another $100,000. and to day the south Jetty Is practlcaly com- sfieSMLjEgp SHBHssMBsSESn SAovnf Ae CAoi-d'cer pleted. and work is going right ahead on the north Jetty. They are dumping six tons of rock among the piles, and there is now 12 feet of water over the bar at low tide, instead of seven feet when the work was uegun. When the last 900 feet of the south Jetty shall be completed It will measure 3100 feet in length, and with only 600 more lin ear feet of the north Jetty to put In, the work Is 6250 feet in length. The port has voted the bonds necessary to complete this work and the money will be available as soon as the Rivers and Harbors "pork barrel" suall be tapped by Congress. That bill carries the ap' propriation required to fulfill the Gov ernments part of tne contract. Economy Is Exercised. And It is to be remarked that Mr. Cushman and all other members of the Port Commission are agreed that the exercise of the utmost economy has prevailed in the building of the jet ties, under tn-e direction and super vision of the Government's engineers. It is estimated that 14.000,000.000 feet of timber are behind the bond is sue of the Port of the Siuslaw, mostly owned by the Wendling-Johnson Lum ber Company, Porter Brothers, Tide water Mill Company, Starrett &. Hovey and a large block, the ownership of which is in dispute between the Gov ernment and the Oregon & California Railway Company. Leaving Florence for Gardiner, the delegation will cross the river at about the place where the first of three railway drawbridges is to be con structed, but they will swing out to the ocean beach instead of following the grade to Lake Tsiltcoos, the fresh water lake situated 10 feet above the ocean high tides and two and one-half Counted as Assets of Seattle and San Francisco if Representatives of Large Jobbing and gr C C?rz fru ci'on . miles back from the coast. With every foot of its 125 miles of shore line run ning to the timber edge, its waters alive with trout and providing a feed ing ground for millions of wild game birds; with deer trails leading to it from all directions, Tsiltcoos and its attractions of bathing and boating beggar words to tell of its appeal. The tourists will also miss Lake Takenitch, with its 30 miles of water front, but at Gardiner will reach the Umpqtia River. The next morning they will have a view of the new tovsn of Reedsport, on the south side of the river, the fish cannery and creamery, and will then start on the leg of the trip that will bring them to Marsh- A field. All they will miss on this day will be the beauties ot ren-aiue mse, which measures 90 miles along .the shore line, and where North Bend and Mashfield people are already building summer cottages in expectation of rap Id and frequent passenger train service over the Willamette Pacific. It might be said that the excursionists will also miss 14,600 feet of tunnel work, now being constructed by machinery that was taken Into the country over portages and by way of the lakes. Coos Bay Country virgin. Crossing Coos Bay from North Slough, the launch carrying the Port land crowd will follow practically the line of the big trestle an steel span bridge now being constructed by the railroad company, and which will have more than half a mile of trestle work in the approaches and eight spans of steel, the center one being a draw span. The Coos Bay district, among others, which the new railroad and Tortlnd men ate to aid in developing, ff9- ticallv virgin territory, notwithstand ing the fact that in 1913 the port sent out lumber to the value of $2,773,559; coal, $27,624; dairy products, $354,414; animal products, $27,180; farm prod ucts, $34,115; fish, $117,600; miscel laneous. $631,792. With the great Smith lumber and pulp mills in operation at Marshfleld, and the Simpson and other mills sawing away at North Bend, the timber busi ness at once appears as the big asset of the district. But it should be borne in mind that without railroad facilities for assem bling dairy products the district has already reached the export value of $354,414 for butter and cheese, and as the lands are cleared many of them become at once available for the exten sion of this character of business. The valleys are narrow, but along every one of them are dairy farms and tied at the gatepost in front of each yard is a gasoline launch There are now 11 creameries and cheese factories along the Coullle River alone, others on Coos River. 17 around the bay. a condensory at North Bend and splendid equipment for making cheese and butter at every point from Acme to Bandon. At Marsh field a by-product process Is being de veloped for extracting the values from curds. Probably 1900 cows are now at work around Coos Bay alone. Little attention has thus far been given to developing the hog industry. In the opening up of its tremendous coal deposits lies one of the most at tractive features of the future of the Coos Bay region. The Smith, Henryvllle and Beaver Hill mines are now block ing out immense quantities of coal, while the deposits In other portions of the district are found to be widening with every day'B development. No final report on the extent of Coos County coal fields has ever been made by the engineers of the Government or repre sentatives of the State Bureau of Mines and Geology, but it is known to exceed 500 square miles. Professor Ira Wil liams is now engaged in that field. One mine has been worked continu ously for 50 years. Local Money Expended. With a situation similar to that on the Siuslaw, the Port of Coos Bay has been organized for the Improvement of the harbor and giving 25 feet of water over the bar at low water. Local money to the extent of $600,000, augmented by Government funds, has been used In providing a turning basin and deep water from the Smith mill at the head of the bay to the bar. In doing this work the dredge Seattle has removed 2,828,920 cubic yards of material from the bay and deposited It on the flat lands where Marshrield is situated. Of Marshfield itself no wordy story need be written. The town, with its modern buildings, hotel, theaters, paved streets, dally newspapers. Is typical of the energetic, square-shooting band of business men who have been and are identified with its growth and build ing. Marshfield is up to date, and in North Bend It has a fitting com panion in all respects. These people play at Sunset Bay, where the magntficent home and grounds owned by L. J. Simpson and known as Shore Acres, is located. Charleston Bay is still a favorite re sort for many of the old-timers, while Lakeview and the beaches between Florence and Coos Bay offer miles and miles of attractions from which to choose. But after seeing these things and securing a broader Idea of the general situation at Coos Bay, the Portlander will be Interested In knowing what the people down there buy each year. Here are some items for 1913: General merchandise $1,450,000, ma chinery $1,008,000. flour $207,600. hay $37,480. grain and feed $39,600. vege tables $70,400. oil $26,380. brick $27,180. hardware $278,000. sulphate of soda $5000, cement $7560. and numerous smaller items, making a total for all imports of $3,691,570. And it Is safe to predict that most of the Portland representatives will come away from Coos Bay with the idea that some day one oX the large cities of Oregon will be located right there. With a harbor that is surpassed only by the Golden Gate and by Puget Sound, with resources that would justi fy the existence of an independent em Dire and with transcontinental railroad connections, the Coos Bay district is right now being walloped by destiny Siuslaw Wonders Charm Photographer. Dr. De Veny Returns From Tramp Through Empire Now Being Opened by Its First Railroad. "a R. WILLIAM DE VENT, of this 1 city, carrying a large camera with which he obtained more than 50 choice views, has returned from an overland journey from Eugene tg the Coast over the route of the new South Pa clfic Railroad, now constructing to the Coast. It was a triD of rare interest even for a seasoned mountaineer and plainsman like Dr. De Veny, and he came home convinced that the Siuslaw pountry only waits the completion of the new railroad to become one of the richest districts of the state. Dr. De Veny traveled by train for a short dis tance, then by stage and gasoline launches, and finally on foot, consum ing about three weeks. Dr. De Veny wandered, through the entire Siuslaw country, along the stage roads, across lakes, over mountain, valley ana wood lands; along the beach to the light house and then back, stopping at the way places and towns en route, mak insr Dhotographs of all striking points and places. He secured one of the best collections of photographs or me oius law country yet obtained of that dis trict. Its natural resources, he said, practically are without limit and only await development through the coming of the railroad to the Coast. "The country is a hunter s and flsn erman's paradise," said Dr. De Veny, "and the outing was one of the best i have had in years." "Leaving Portland July 16, I went by the Southern Pacific to Springfield, where, after a stay of three days. 1 proceeded to Eugene, and there started over the new railroad through the Siuslaw country. Tljis road is in oper ation for a short distance, partly reach ing over the summit of the Coast range, on the west side. From the completed end we rode 27 miles by stage to Mapleton. a prosperous village on the Siuslaw river. This stage road is in excellent condition, probably one of the best In the state, the 27 miles being of corduroy and rock foundation. It practically is a new road, as the railroad has appropriated the original county road along the river bank. At one point the stage road is carried around the side of a mountain 250 feet above the railroad right-of-way and the original county road, which are very close to the Siuslaw River. "Attractive little valleys are passed until one reaches Mapleton, at the head of tide-water. "Along this road is some beautiful scenery. Of particular Interest is the 'hanging rock,' where the stage for about 40 feet passes under a huge rock that projects over the roadway for about 10 feet. There are two of these hanging rocks within a few feet of each other. At this point several freight wagons have fallen over the 20-foot bank, in some cases being, badly smashed up. As the stage swung with a slack rein around the cut along the side of the mountain. 250 feet abive the old road, I naturally im- h,tiBEMKmSfWWM 'JbbbHbHbbbbbbbV am i SMsrassi s L riJCJfitl. ifst ' mm Snhinr- MislB W3w9hbi&XS&h ' 4bh&wMR anil BMIarK bbbmnbbV SaMgSSyL- JVC J-dfV&!l-e r- SSSSMSSSVSSSBSVMMMMBSSBnsBSSSSSSSSSBSSiHKaMil mi. Mil iii inn - ' fc lrcjsjsssssBssssssBni f BBafiffiSSBBBBHsBB I ; ' . plored the driver to be a little careful and to take up the slack. MnniPtoi, is a lively Jittle place and will be the terminal of the rail road for some time. The breeze conies In here from the ocean and is quite cold at night. "Next morning I went aboard a gas oline launch on the Siuslaw River, which is navigable to Mapleton. bound Plnrann. h PUntPf Of this DaiJl- dise of beauty and scenic wonder. which I reached after an interesting T met a. neonle who are .nivi.ici.ctin frti- th HvfloDment of a commercial city. They welcome a stran ger with an open hand, are hospitable, aggressive and sure to build up their Ti.fl.n ic can-mill hre with a capacity of 150,000 Test of lumber a day. The canning ana dairy ousiness also is quite an industry and both are sure to grow. Two thriving newspa- ners. the West and .Pilot, are puuiisneu at Florene'e. .tt - i o nurtv for thfi mouth ncic a jvni-. - - - - of the Siuslaw River, where a large jetty rapidly is Deing consirucieu iu clear the bar. North and south qf the i ka nuntrv 1c made lin of nu- jeLti LIJC . -- . merous lakes and woodland. Thf tim ber .abounds in bear and deer ana aur ing the Fall and Winter the lakes are covered with, ducks and geese, while the waters of the lakes are filled with fine trout. .t ori thsp lakes Clear Lake and Lake Tsilcoos. Clear Lake Is five jnlles long by two miles wide, and Lake Tsilcoos is ten miles long and four miles wide, w nn us arms reaching out into the woodlands, Clear Lake has 95 miles of shoreline. I un derstand that Clear Lake is the only lake on the Pacific Coast that has a Wholesale Concerns of This n:iti'rat mitll In ili Ka. the outlet being two and one-half miles long. While I was there Captain H. G. Camp bell brought a boat through the out let into thn lake. This vessel will carry 75 passengers. "The new Southern Pacific line un der construction runs the entire letgth of this lake along the east side and will be completed to a point on the Siuslaw River by November. I was In formed. Settlers on Siuslaw Lake are preparing to build a large sawmill. There already aro about 25 families in this Immediate territory. "Around Clear lako is some of the finest scenery in Oregon Its coves reaching out into the woodlands, bays and islands. 1 went 30 miles on mo Vrboats in various directions, spend ing two days on Clear and Tsilcoos lakes. I met a rancher named Ohris tensen near the lakes, who keeps cat tle, sheep and goaU and furnishes mutton to the railroad camps. The bears feast on his sheep and have baf fled his attempts to trap them. Deer often are chased Into the lake by dogs, where they are killed by boatmen. "Leaving the lakes. I returned to Florence. Across the river from Flor ence is Glenada, settled by enterpris ing people. At Glenada are several mercantile houses. Porter Bros., who have the contract for building the railroad, also have headquarters there. "My experiences were varied at a dance six miles up the river. Although far from civilization, the people danced the tango and other modern dances. Next came the trip to Heceta Head, 20 miles north of Florence. V"e went i- u .. 4 . . .. firt. -ii'iH tnrtfi for Vnrth l V LIIO JCL.J ...BV If ' " Beach against a heavy wind. Our parlv walked along tne ueucn aim leacneu City Have Success on Coast. our destination at about noon. Hsra I succeeded In getting some excellent photographs. Then we followed the rosd Into the mountains to the sum mit. After a wesry tramp wc resn hd the Heceta Head lighthouse. 1 suc ceeded in getting a photograph of the lighthouse, from -a dlstatice of two miles. Later I got a closer view of It. We remained for the night st the home, of John Stonefields and I managed to secure several good pictures of the surroundings. It was here thst a tele gram from Portland cut short my trip In the Siuslaw country, so T retraced my steps to Florence and from there started for Portland. The trip was a revelation and entirely new. an I had been traveling about Mount Hood and Eastern Oregon In former years. "The Siuslaw country promises to become a great section of the state on completion of the Southern Paclfle line. Its virgin forests or splendid timber. Its fertile soil. Its dairy fsrll Hie and Its sweeping miles of rtnr lands all await the coming of the rail road. Already msny hardy ettler have gone Into the eouiilry snd will welcome and extend a helping hand to others who may corns." $500,000 ISC0ST OF PIPE Hoal TreuMirc f IVrM s-i nl nianioiidfc and 'cm.. 'HICAGO. Aug. 16. Amon- IBS royal treasures of FerMa Is a pipe t with dlaroonas, rubles and emeralds to the value. It is estimated, si no less than $500,000. This pipe was nuide for iha late Shah snd is atd to i even more valusble than his famous sword, says the Washington Star. In the matter of swordc H i aald that the Gaekwar of Baroda, who on the occasion of the coronation of George V In India added to his tame by snubbing the monsrch, possess the most precious blade in exist Its hilt and belt are laxSTOat with illumonds. rubies, sapphlrca and m eralds and Its value has been put st $1,000,000. There are many costly swords In the treasure rooms of Eastern ami Euro pean rulers notably those of the Csar of Russia, the Sultan of Turkey and the King of Slam, but the sword of the Gaewkar outshines them all. The most valuable sword of Kufope Is thst presented by the Egyptlanato Lord WoiBeley. The hilt Is set With bril liants and the whole sabre is estimated to be worth $10,000. The Maharajah of Ghenwl Is the owner of the most costly brougham In the world. The handles of the doors are of solid gold, while the rest of the vehicle Is of silver. The new Emperor of MWOTIIO canio into possession of a curious plnno. manufactured to the order of his pred ecessor, which Is probably the most expensive Instrument of the kind cvr made. The piano was made in parts, ach being small- enough to he cast led by a slave, as It appeared that the former Emperor firmly refused to trust them to the care of his cantata, which formed the only other nvallsble means of transport. This expensive musical Instrument ws made princi pally of tulip and orris woods Inlaid with unpolished Jacarstulii parqulry and decorated with scroll work of pure gold. The actual sum paid for It was $20,000. PITY NOT BOILED LOBSTER He Roll Over. Take-, a Nap and Hies. LONDON. Aug. 20. Boiling over a slow fire ts the hspplcst death a lob ster can meet, ao It ha been deter mined at the Jersey Marine Blologlcsl Station. The experiments were rsri id out by Joseph Slnel, a well known biologist, for the Jersey Society ! tfc Prevention of Cruelty to Anlmsl. whose members associated the preva lent method of killing lobsters with medieval torture Lobsters, says Mr Hlnel. are extreme ly difficult to kill- Piercing th brain does not seem to cauae the lobster more than temporary snnoyanc. slnca his brain Is a mere nerve ganglion the slse of a hempseed. He has to h killed all over. To throw him Into boiling water falls t" do the work either mercifully or -quickly, sine hs struggles violently to cspe for about two minutes. The pleasantet way to end a lob ster's troubles. Mr. Hln I finds. Is the old-fashioned way of flaring him in cold water and bringing him to a boil. A.s the water warms, he becomes mere -ly lasy and rolls -over as for a 1ep. By the time the water reachea the , on paratlvsly mll1 temperature ;n de grees. Fahrenheit, he ber..mes eomx toae. At -0 degreer. he Is dead. To use a human llluatration. the biologist says It Is like a person siu-e.umblng to a heat wave, with lose of conscloua ness und a painless end. LABORER LEAVES WEALTH Estate of micUlujcr of .lamaloa. V Y.. Vslucil nl tlH.000. JAMAICA. N. T.. Aug. 1 Ellen Iinglos, of 4l Freedom avnu. Brooklyn HfU. daughter of the late John Meegan, of 99 Flushing avenue. Jamaica, has made application to Sur rogate Daniel Noble for letters of ad -mlnUlrnllnn In the estate of her fsther. who died. August 6. snd who was a bricklayer In the Queens high ways department and was well known. Meegan left a large estate. Its value. Is given In affidavits ae. -ompanyln; the petitions for letters of adminis tration as $8300 In personal and "mor than $10,000 In real property." The estate Is to be divided between Mrs. Langlos. the petitioner; her three sisters Mary. Elisabeth and Anna -and her brother. John. Mrs. Langlos' sisters and brother, who realde at 99 Flushing avenue, Jamiilca. are nof ye, of age. Meegan. their father, waa a widower. TRADE ABROAD IS STUDIED Agent of Commerce Department Will Investigate Cotton l- NEW TORK. Aug. 16. Ralph M Odell. commercial agent of the Untied States Commerce Department, expects to leave the United States about August 22 to continue his investiga tions of the cotton-goods trade abroad. His itinerary will Include British India, the Dutch Eat Indies. Straits Settle ments, Siain, and possibly Southarn China. Mr. Odell will be at the Nw York office of the Bureau of Foreign and Domeatlc Commerce, room 31'. Custom House. Auguat 10 to 20, In or der to give American cotton-goods manufacturers snd exportera an op portunity to confer with lilm and offer EUggestions which will contribute to the value of his Investigations. Communicstlons may he sent to him. or appointments for Interviews made by telephone, at the above address. The Amaion Vallo In the flrt lire monihf of 1914 exported 2.2S,41" petind of crude rubbet.