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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1914)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND, JUNE 28, 1914.
TRIALS AND TRIUMPHS OF HQMESTE APING ARE PICTURED
BY ANNE SHANNON MONROE.
AFTER three months passed in the
heart of Oregon's inland empire
a season of rare initiation into
the old-time life of the great cattle
ranches, where the atmosphere is still
that of the past, with its sombreroed
'and bechapped range riders, its soft
voiced Mexican vaqueros; with even
ings forever glorified in memory when
old-time buckaroo bosses were won
out of their reticence and with quaint
phrase and meaningful gesture told ol
their exploits after this prolonged
period in, which i was steeped In the
romance of Oregon's past, I find, on
coming back to the world of today,
-with its activities, that the picture
fades before the practical phase of the
situation, and I want to utter a mignty
All through Southern California we
see the footprints of tne early bpan
iards. We see the crumbling missions
and the weather-stained chapels and
we hear the chapel bells just as they
rang out years ago, calling the cowled
monks to prayer. Everywhere we see
California's romantic past, but over
lapping It is California's commercial
Change la Foretold.
Rut with us how different! We have
In Eastern Oregon our old-time life of
40 vears ago. our first occupation loot
prints but they are still vigorously
printing! From Burns, In .Harney uoun
tv. we can travel south 100 miles and
more and pass but two or at most three
signs of occupation, and these are the
great cattle ranches ot tne earner era,
where the earlier mode of lift) is still
going on, where there it not the slight
est sign of a change and where the
people do not realize that the day of
the great range is bound to pass and
the day of the farmer is at hand. This
means a Dew people will Inherit the
land, for cattlemen will never be larm
ers. . Catttlemen will never evolve into
farmers. They have small feet and
. hands from a life In the saddle and
from never working except with cattle.
Buckaroo Is Prince.
To ask a buckaroo to cut wood or
pump water would be the greatest in
sult you could put on him. He is there
to ride after cattle and to do nothing
else. You would ask a Cabinet mem
ber to milk a cow as quickly as you
would ask him. The buckaroo, gov
erned only by the buckaroo boss, is a
prince of the range, son of the royal
house of cattle. He will live running
cattle and when there are no more cat
tle to run he will become a pensioner
of his cattle king or drift to Australia
or Mexico, where there is still an open
range. He will not work with his
His personal aspirations go no far
ther than to be buckaroo boss and the
buckaroo boss, by his position, is
robbed of aspirations. He has arrived;
there is no step higher up for him. H?
is the buckaroo boss, the biggest man
on the range, with a hundred saddle
horses at his command and a dozen men
to take his orders. He is usually
mild-voiced, quiet in his ways, never
talkative; but he is as strong as an
ox and no one disputes hlW orders.
Rule of Boss Absolute.
The boss" rule is absolute on the
range. He smokes endless cigarettes,
talks horse, dreams horse, spends his
salary on trappings for his horse, on
saddles and bridles and stirrups and
spurs and chaps and wide sombreros
and red silk neckerchiefs and red
sweaters. He loves a flash of vivid
color, he loves his tobacco, his world
lies under a sunny sky and the sole
business of his life is to find deep
grass and sweet water for a bunch of
cattle. He never has a penny ahead
or makes an investment or takes up
land or in any way concerns himself
for the morrow, for will it not be like
today and yesterday? Will there not
always be blue skies and sunshine, a
bunch of cattle to get out to grass, a
cigarette to roll, a song to sing, the
open range, with the grub wagon and
bis blankets when the day is ended?
, For what purpose would he save
money? What more is there to buy? He
has all that his soul craves. Just let
Empire Being Invaded.
But he isn't going to be let alone
nut very much longer. The baek-to-tlie-soil
wave is carrying hundreds of
homesteaders this Spring into his em
pire. 1 can see him now as 1 saw him
I In. a dozen instances, sitting a-hunch
in his saddle, rolling a cigarette, smil
ing, as he watched with . careless
curiosity a white prairio schooner drag
its way through the desert. ,
Jt is loaded to the top. A woman sits
beside the driver, and children poke
their heads from the canvas cover.
Plows, spades and hoes leak into evi
dence. Four sometimes six horses
drag patiently at the load.
The buckaroo smiles cynically and
yet a little sympathetically. "Poor
devils!" he says, as their dust unfolds
them, and then, "Dura fools!" He is
corry for them, but how can they be
so stupid, disturbin' the soil that the
Lord. A'mighty put grass on for cat
tle. Goln" straight agin' Providence.
He rides lazily on, unconcernedly sing
. ing his love ditty. And those in the
wagon? They see him. They know him
for a buckaroo. - "Poor chap," says
the father, briskly, "his day is about
done. Get up. boys," and he drives
on toward his homestead, carried
through the dust by his vision of inde
pendence. Homesteadlng Soon to Be Lost Art.
Who should really have the sym
pathy? The man coming into the new
country whose problems are largely in
the future, a country that isn't down
In any book for him to look up, that
be must meet and know first hand, or
the happy-go-lucky buckaroo whose
day is surely waning?
In many instances one must envy the
homesteader his opportunity. He is
doing a thing that soon will be written
out of American history; he is the last
pioneer; he is going into the only vast
unclaimed new country left to America,
and from the virgin soil will carve out
a home and a livelihood. He will put
something on the map. His work is
not only for himself but for all peo
ple and all time. The men who come
after him will be followers; he is the
leader. He is doing a heroic thing:
he is doing the kind of thing that has
filled minds and hearts with the ro
mance of life since the beginning of
Most of the 100,000,000 people of the
United States divert and excite them
selves by merely reading it he' is liv
Romance Felt at Start.
That is all on the start. That is as
it looks when he thinks of the great
area of inland empire waiting to be
settled by such as himself. That is as
it seems when he buys his white
sheeted prairie schooner, his outfit of
farm implements, his fence wire, his
lumber for his cabin. That is as It
appears on the start, with all the nov
elty of the adventure still on and shin
ing like fresh paint, and the vision all
But how will it be after he arrives
at his quarter or half-section, a drop
of water on the great ocean of area.
It is so Immense, so unthinkably re
mote from the world he has known all
his life. There may not be . a neigh
bor in sight, and he must haul his
provisions 30 miles, perhaps. A horse
goes lame; a piece of machinery breaks
down; feed gives out; the supplies
don't last as long as he expected and
his wife craves fresh meat and vege
tables. He's alone. Everything costs
double what lie figured. Dry. farm-
Anne Shannon Monroe Writes of Fast-Disappearing Cowboy and of Last Invasion of Pioneers Oregon Is Destined to See
ing presents difficulties on which his
past experience throws no light A
child falls sick and 30 miles or more
to a doctor! Then it is that romance
drops her silky, slumbrous folds and
stark reality, the skeleton of every
dreamer's paradise, stalks forth in the
hard light of day.
Prairie Schooner Familiar Sight.
For the past two months all the roads
leading into the Inland Empire have
known the creeping white prairie
Echooner of the homesteader. Tou
stand in your doorway and look out
toward the mountains. You see a wnite
speck on the road leading over the
mountains; it moves yes, it's a home
steader. You meet them pulling out
of Burns, you meet them stopping at
The Narrows for additional supplies
from the most unique store in all East
ern Oregon the general merchandise
store of Charlie Haines, where every
thing under the sun is stored away
overhead or on counters, leaving
scarcely room to stand while you do
This is a great center and outfitting
point for hunters during the season;
last season a carload of men stopped
and wanted to know if Mr. Haines was
supplied with ammunition. - He ad
mitted he was low but said he had
some on the way. "How much?" de
manded one of the men who didn't be
long to that country and so didn't
know Charlie Haines. "Two carloads,
said Charlie. He buys that way. And
it all goes out in wagonloads and by
parcel post over a radius of 100wmiles
Store Regular Stopping Point.
Mr. Haines is a real frontier mer
chant; he always has what you ask
for or something a lot better, and he
sells it to you with such brisk cheer
fulness that you get more than your
parcel along with your change. All
the homesteaders stop there on their
way south through Harney County and
get acquainted with Charlie. You will
see them in Bear Valley, over in Grant
County, on your way to the pictur
esque old mining town of Canyon City,
the county seat of Grant. . .
They are swarming in from every
direction, and still there is good land
to be had, anj room for plenty more
people. They can all send for their
relatives. Many do.
Family Takes 2000 Acres.
Mr. Jetley, a Dakota man, who had
been prominent for years in the poli
tics of his native state, found the op
portunity he wanted for his boys in
Mr. Jetley's father pioneered Dakota
when it was a. wilderness peopled with
Indians. He considered that , the best
thing a man could dp far his sons was
to give them a chance at . pioneering.
He located on a homestead, his three
sons are on homesteads, his daughter
came home from Berkeley for her va
cation, caught the fever, abandoned
college and took up a homestead, then
sent for a cousin, also a college girl,
and she took up a homestead. Then,
160 acres making such a pin prick on
the ocean of unfilled land, they got a
desert claim apiece, making an almost
solid block in the family of over 2000
All this land is being cleared, plowed,
fenced and prepared for crops. Mr.
Jetley has the money to do it and he
is a born developer. He is. the type of
man most needed in a new country.
He is working for a stage route, for
mail delivery, for a telephone. He has
been through much harder pioneering,
plus Indians, and the. obstacles do not
Seattle Furnishes Developer,
Mr. 'Murphy is a Seattle man who is
doing the same thing in the Iron Moun
tain district. He has put up good build
ings, has constructed a reservoir . to
catch the waste water for irrigation,
has good horses, and is getting his
land speedily into, cultivation. He has
imported pigeons for his own use, has
a fine garden, milk cows and every
thing in comfortable shape. His
daughter is a Seattle University girl.
In the Catlow Valley, south of Har
ney, large families of relatives of small
means have pooled their possessions,
so to speak, and live a sort of com
munity life. They all work together
and what one has another profits by.
They had little money to take into the
country, they have had to work their
way, but by . this method of co-operation
they manager to get along m fair
comfort during the first pioneer stage.
They are beginning to- erect their
houses now of the native stone. They
help each other build, dig. wells and
clear land. One takes a job and if he
falls sick another does the work. Their
ranches join, so one-well serves for
several, and the women are company
for each other. Some of the women
can handle horses like a buckaroo,
some prefer housework. - The duties
thus divide themselves according to
. Co-operation Found Helpful.
Where a large family of relatives
can work harmoniously together in
this way, they can manage the home
stead problem on much less capital,
and they escape the pangs of isolation.
They have a postofflce at Beckley, and
Mr. Tullock is the land commissioner
there, which saves settlers a long trip
to Burns to file. Mr. Tullock makes
no charge for helping a new home
steader to get located. His interest
is in settling the country.
A number of trained nurses and
school teachers have taken homesteads.
The law is lenient to a woman wage
earner; she may leave her ranch to
earn her living. In one case, two young
women in Harney Valley have taken
adjoining homesteads and built their
cabins in a double house on the
dividing line. Both are nurses and go
to their homesteads to rest up be
tween cases. They are 25 miles from
Burns, but they will find little diffi
culty in getting back and forth, as
someone is always going to town for
Freedom is JSnjored.
They have a cunning little bunga
low, a wide sleeping porch, they get
the best books and magazines, and
they find it no hardship whatever to
hold down their claims rather, it is
a delightful retreat from work.
They have saddle horses and ride
about the country in the greatest free
dom and happiness.. The fact that these
girl homesteaders must hire their clear
ing and plowing done gives employment
to some homesteader who did not bring
in sufficient money to see him through.
Several young women teach in the dis
tricts and in town, going to their home
steads for the week-ends. A number
of young 'men have taken to school
teaching as the most practical- solu
tion of getting the cash with which
to develop their land.
And this is the pivot about which
the whole of homesteading turns; you
have got to have some money. The
man with a family who thinks he can
get together enough supplies to last
him a few weeks, and get along once
he reaches his land, is building for
himself a fool's paradise from which he
will be rudely awakened.
Pcnnllcaa Man Excluded.
The pity of it is that the man who
needs the chance most keenly can't
take it. A penniless man with a fam
ily can't make good. Yu must fig
ure on at least J100 for a shack that
will meet the Government's require
ments and will protect from the ..weath
er; It Is a long haul for lumber. Possi
bly another $100 will be needed for a
welL You may get water at 12 feet;
many do, but in some sections you must
go at least 80 to 100 feet. Then you
must get some of .your placet at least, ,
1 f ..J - x ",V'!"w
I ' S-4- lip iV ff
;P:o' it $ ' $L l &77'lfci 1'
fenced with rabbit wire, say enough
. nn.iltr ysrilin. nnd this Will COSt
twice the actual price of the wire, ow
ing to tne long naui.
Then you must clear your land you
can hire it done for 3 a acre plow
it and let.it stand all Winter. Thus
you have nearly a year before you can
get in any crop that amounts to much.
Of course the people going out now
will have gardens and potatoes, but
that is all. And all that year till time
a ..si liav nr prain croD v mi r fam
ily must eat That's the plague of it
you must eat
Parcel Post la Aid.
,T.l A fexnA ia fliqt fihnilt doubled.
owing to the long haul, though parcel
post helps that situation. There are
nmii.tiiiAri farms in the country
where you can buy potatoes and other
root crops, it nas always uccn .a.ii.v
The big cattle dealers put up wild
hay for their own cattle and they have
gardens for their own use, but there
t i.n nf eiinnllpa UPBrfif than the
towns, which, with the majority of
homesteads, win De irora j iu o
You must have a good team, and feed
for it -
Of course, all this time, you have
no rent to pay, and probably no doc
tor's bills it's the healthiest country
.. .. v. .. .1 four Mnthpo to bUV. Your
food alone stares you in the face. I
would say, at a rougu e5i.iiiit.c .
man with $1000 in cash and not too
manv. mouths to feed, by careful man
agement of every cent could pull
through. If he can raise ouuu uc
he couldn't put his hands on a better
Land Needs Labor.
-nrhan man pnp. in with no m O II G V.
. i. v. t,A .rut a venrlr from the
even iiiuufau " j e-w .. w.
girl-homesteaders who must hire men.
or from the men wno can airoru w
hire help, or from the big cattle com
panies that do more than all the rest
put together In the way of giving em
ployment to men, his family will ab
sorb his earnings, and his ranch at
the end of a year, or three years, will
be no nearer a money-maker for him
than it was the day he filed. Unless
ho can out his labor on his land, his
land can't produce.
The homestead and the desert claim
ill W WIC .J
of the man of small means as to where
he can get the most returns for his
investment, it is wen nign nupmeoo
for the man with nothing ahead. That
t whv one sees so many deserted
homesteads. Poor men have tried it.
were starved out and have left. Others
more fortunate or more thrifty, hav
ing saY.eu sometoing, iojiow u
The larger part or. narney youuu
lies at an elevation of 4500 feet; it
has a cool, bracing, invigorating at
mosphere with lots of tone in it re
minding one of Colorado. Here and
there among the hills are sheltered
pockets of the richest land imagin
able, well watered, where every kind
of crop will thrive wonderfully, even
tomatoes and melons, but the major
part of the land Is suitable principally-
for hay and grain.
, The early . cattlemen set the stand
ard, dictated by nature herself: the
hills for cattle, the flat lands for hay
I think as the settlers subdue the
soil, as the great cattle ranches are
divided up into smaller farms, cattle
and grain will continue to be the
product of Harney County. Alfalfa
does well, and it brings a higher price
than wild hay. tons of which are cut
on the great cattle ranches yearly.
Fruit. Possibilities Limited.
It will forever be a cattle country,
only where there are now a few im
mense cattle companies, in the near
future evej-y rancher will have his 160
or 320 acres in feed, with his herd on
the hills. He will also raise a good
garden for his family.
Fruit will likely always come from
farther north in Grant County, where
the altitude is only 2300 feet, and
where the John Day and other valleys
have demonstrated their fruit possi
bilities. The entire Harney Valley was once
a lake bed. It Is punctured with in
numerable springs, which make irriga
tion possible to many ranches.
The Blitzen Valley Canal, utilizing
and controlling the Blitzen River, has
drained the tule, swamps and watered
the dry lands, redeeming altogether
to irrigable cultivation 80,000 Veres of
This is the largest canal in the state
of Oregon, 25 miles long and 20 feet
wide, carrying an abundance oj water.
California Demonstratea Values.
There is no land known to agricul
. v. .ioca with these tule lands.
California long ago showed what they
were worth in rare proaucuveuos
of this land shortly will be on the
market for ranchers who prefer to
buy outright and who prefer irriga
tion to dry farming. ,
The Blitzen Valley, is nature-made
to be the garden spot of the Inland
Empire. Everything will grow there,
and in luxurious abundance. It is the
fine, dark, loamy soil that produces
tk.'iri a nntatnes. Dumpkins. beets
and melons that get first prizes at
I remember when I was a child In
the Yakima country, seeing the ranch
ers put a pumpkin in a washtub and
the pumpkin just, about Xyi4 th" HS-i
Some farmer on the n. . soil in
those days was always bringing a won
derful peck of satin-skinned potatoes
or Immense beets or carrots into town
for disnl.iv in a store window. This
Ix the kind of thing that will be hap
penlng in a few years all through the
Blitzen Valley. But now not one sin
gle farmer! It is all virgin, all wait
ing. Transportation Magician's Wand.
nniv such exDerimentation as has
gone on at the P ranch demonstrates
how crops will thrive throughout its
entire -length. The history of the laU
ima country in Washington, blessed a
quarter of a century ago with a rail
road, will be repeated in the Blitzen
Valley, when Harney, too, gets its ran
Such soil as you couldn't touch In
th Vakima country now for less than
several hundred dollars an acre is
awaiting you in the, Blitzen Valley at
a practical price. And the railroad is
sure it is only a matter of a little
Much of the land in Harney and Cat-
low Valleys will always be dry farmed,
though it ts hardly correct to call It dry
farming, for the rainfall amounts to
13 Inches annually and by digging res
ervoirs and catching the waste water
it could nearly all be provided with ir
rigation. This, however, requires cap
ital and in the meantime no man need
be afraid of the problems of dry farm
ing. I ran a spade into the earth in
at least a dozen widely separated loca
tions and always threw up damp earth
within three inches from the surface.
There appear to be subterranean
springs and streams.
Confectioner Success as Rancher.
The only thing to remember with
dry farming is that every process
works Just the opposite from what It
does in a humid climate. One must
make a' study of it and not go at it
in a haphazard manner.
Numerous books have been written
on the subject of dry farming. I found
Bledstoe particularly clear and simple.
A careful study of any of the well
known writers on dry farming as it
has been developed in Utah and Cali
fornia will give one an insight into Just
how to go about it We have been
Inclined to smile at the man who did
his farming from books, but it's a
pretty good way where farming is a
new kind- On one of the Catlow
ranches is a man who lived in Phila
delphia all his life and ran an ice
cream parlor. He wanted to be a farmer
and he homesteaded dry land. His
neighbors call him the "book farmer,"
because he always had a book on dry
farming tucked under his arm. But 1
want to tell you he has translated his
dry. farming theories into a beautiful.
.. -v.. - ... a bet-
ter one anywhere in Harney. He has
cattle on Ms nins ana in n.
splendidly. And never in his life was
he closer to a cow than to serve Ice
- twin. h.. milk tn a customer till
he went on his homestead.
"Dry" (iardrna Thrive.
. i A ir f,rm(nff
Tne man wnu ,
la the man who goes at it as he did In
a humid climate. The intelligent man,
who Informs himself, has no difficulties.
There is no neeo oi my hviuh
Winter and Summer-fallowing, moisture
preservation and soil lests, for anyone
. . . . . - .a ; 1 An.ri a tha nubile
irujv inifreaicu " " ...... - . -
libraries books that prei-ent the mat
ter comprenensiveiy. -think,
one of the best authorities.
Dry farming gardens, when properly
treated, yield as good returns as irri
gated ones. I ate potatoes, beets, car-
roes and turnips wnue in nurnrjr vuu-
i.i .. i..i..ilIin hr hnm.
ty grown wimuui n 1 1,.,",. j
steaders on their ranches the first Sum
Land in many places produces sage
brush that cuts up like cord wood. 1
nau seen sapce urunn muu
the Northwest but I have seen noth
ing to compare wun nun. r .
wood it must be sawed and split and
you mistake it when corded, for Juni
per. I do not mean to say that It is
all like this, but that it is seen this
Horse Medium af Valnatlon.
Going into Harney County, one Is
apt to Judge appearances by former ex
periences in dry countries, and this Is
not a safe method. For Instance, west
of Harney Lake there is a crusty white
outcropping covering much of the soli,
that I condemned at once as alkali.
I stopped for some time at a home
stead there and discovered that instead
of alkali it was soda, salt and potaah,
evidently an outcropping of the same
saits that are to create such wealth
for Lake County in Summer and Albert
These salts In large quantities are
worth more than gold mines and yet
we know scarcely anything about them
or the extent ot the deposits. An
MAPS AID MOTORISTS ON
HUNT AND CAMPING TOUR
Useful Charts for Various Sections of Oregon Issued If Cosst and 0
odetic Survey Work Done and Being Done Described.
BY LEWIS A. McATSTHUR.
THIS is the time of year that many
people are preparing for an
nual camping and hunting trips,
or for their automobile tours, if they
possess machines. Along wtlh other
necessities, a good map should be tak
en, if it is possible to secure one or
the country to be vlBlted. It is the pur
pose of this article to list a few of the
best Government publications that may
be of assistance to those who intend
going out into the wilds of Oregon for
At best, the state of Oregon Is poor
ly mapped, and there are but few scale
maps that have any claim to accuracy.
The state and the Federal governments
are now co-operating in getting out
good maps, but the process Is neces
sarily a slow one, owing to the care
that must be exercised In the work.
Scacoaat la Charted.
The seacoast of Oregon baa been
charted by the Coast and Geodetic Sur
vey, and the maps published show nar
row strips along the seashore, and
most of the harbors. Several sheets on
a Bcale of about one-third of an Inch
to a mile show the coast from Cali
fornia to British Columbia, and are en
graved or lithographed In black.
Then there is a series of seven sheets
on a scale of one-Inch equals three
fourths of a mile, showing the Colum
bia Kiver from Its mouth to Wash
ougaL In addition to these maps are a num
ber showing the territory around
Chetco, Rogue River. Cape Blanco. Co
qullle River. Coos Bay, I'mpqua River.
Yaqulna Bay, Nestucca, Tillamook and
The superintendent of the Coast snd
Geodetic Survey In Washington will
furnish a catalogue showing all maps
that have been published. The maps
may be secured m Portland from the
agent of survey at 1S2 Morrison street.
Atlas Charts Puhliabed.
In addition to the charts of the
Coast and Geodetic Survey, two atlas
sheets iave '"" published by the
United States Geological Survey, cov
ering areas on the coast These sheets
are known as the Coos Bay and Port
Orford quadrangles, and they embrace
an area of about 1800 square miles in
Coos and Curry Counties, on a scale of
one inch equals two miles.
The Geological Survey sheets are
hlghlv accurate and as they are en
graved in colors, they are the best
maps for general une. They are car
ried in stock by dealers in engineers
supplies in Portland and by the larger
. . . .. 'T v. aim niav ba Ob-
talned bv application to the director of
. . i i ta a"1 (ns 1 (I
the survey at vv asningiuii, --
cents a oucfsfc.
The Bureau of Bolls of the Dcpsrt-
ment of Agriculture n " "''
-. . i. x-.hfl.ia araa. which
survey fc . ' -
contains an enlargement of the i-oos
Bay and I on onora snecis un
of one inch equals one mile. Thess
soil surveys may be obtained upon ap
plication to members of Congress.
River Mass Prepared.
The Army Engineers have Issued cer
tain maps of the navigable portions of
the Columbia, Willamette and other
rivers In Orenon. on various scales. All
Of these are of value to persons travel
ing near these streams. These maps
are not primarily intended for public
distribution. Information concerning
them mav be secured from the Engi
neer's office in Portland wm..
More than one-half of the Willam
ette Valley has been surveyed by the
Geological Purvey in co-operation with
the State of Oregon, and the Portland.
Eugene and Halsey quadrangles are on
sale. A number of additional sheet,
are in course of completion, snd the
Oregon City snd Boring quadrangles
will be published this Summer.
Work Is in progress on ths Albsny.
Salem. Reedville and Hillsboro quad
rangleso but they will not be published
for several months.
For the southern part of ths stste
there are the Roseburg. Riddle. Grants
Pass. Ashland and Klamath quadrsngle
sheets. Besides these there hss beer,
issued by the Forest Service a
little map of the Crater National for
est on a scale of one inch equals eluht
miles. While this map is not in col
ors and is printed in black. It Is a help
ful guide for a large area, and It con
tains valuable game laws and other
information. It is distributed , by the
Forest Service- la the Beck Building.
The soil survey of the Medford srea
contains a good one-Inch map of a con
siderable area around Medford sni
Ashland, and the soil survey ,of the
Klamath reclamation project has a rea
sonably good one-Inch scale man of
an area south and east of Klamsth
Falls. Soil surveys may be obtained
from members of Congress.
The Geological Survey has Issued two
good maps of parts of the Cascade
Range known as the Mount Hood snd
the Crater Lake National Park maps.
They are of a high degree of accuracy
and are very useful. The former Is
pu a scale of one Inch equals two miles. ,
old Mexican, discing a well, was In
convenienced by the bubbling effar
vescenre of its water. It was a natural
soda fountain. The horaes wouldn't
drink the water sn.l the well waa
abandoned. You that haa bn
the onlv tout will horses snd catlla
drink It? Will they eat It? No other
question haa ever been asked of the
great Inland Kmplre. The million and
one other uses of soil snd wster have
The climate la always nippy and
bracing, the nlshta even In Midautn
mer calling for blankola. The aim
ahlnea per cent of tha time. And
sometimes the wind blows. Th.re are
Jackrahblts and there ia froat that you
mint learn to watch out for. You mini
chooae cropa suitable to the solL
Jarkrakklta Are rest.
The Jackrahblts are a present peat,
but they die out naturally ss settlers
Increase. Rlitht now you musl fence
against them. A few rattlaanakes hi
bernate In the rim rocs, ami coy.ts
howl from their buttes and ttis In
fest the aanrbriiah, but thera are na
real pests, nothing beyond the ramh.
er's power to eradicate.
You can be comfortable In a cabin
the year round, for rou virtually live
out of doora. In February, when 1
went into Harney, there was sllll con
siderable snow about Hums, but sa I
traveled south the climate bacaras
warmer snd there was no anow on the
Many live In tents the yar around,
which demonstrates tha mlMns of
the climate. In spite of Its 410 f-'t f t
elevation. A fine rlaaa of peonle Is
coming In. evidenced particularly by
their immediate move to orsanlia a
district and start a school. Kvery lit
tle group gels busy on the educational
problem. Co far church eervlcee are
absent aava. I believe. In C afnw wn.re
they have a Mundav s hool. but
churches will coma. Juet as they fol
low dsvelopment everywhere, and in
the meantime thers Is God s rt tm
pie of out of doors, where thers Is no
crowding or pew rent snd everyone la
while the Crater l-ake map la on the
one-ln. h scale. Tha only other topo
graphical maps of the Cascade
are those puhliabed by Ihe Ueoloslcal
Survev aa pnrt of Professional I P"
No Forest t'ondlllons In the Cacad
Range. Thla la a valuable document
to those Inlereated 111 the Cascade
Mountains, and while the mat., were
Issued a number of years an. thee
show a considerable area externum
from the Columbia River to the smith,
em part of the stale in reasonably
Food detail on half-Inch and quarter
Professional Taper No. S treats sr
the geology of Crater lke. snd has a
geological map. but It la not aa useful
aa the regular Crater 1-aae lopoKraphlc
sheet. These professional papers mar
only be obtained at Waahlnston.
Parst Map l In Ma t alara.
A striking pnnoramlc map of crater
Lake National Park. In six colors, may
be obtained from tha superintendent of
documents at the Government printing
office In Washington, for 33 rent". This
view shows the park sa It would ap
pear to an observer fiylnt; ever It snd
the topogrsphy Is shaded snd shewn In
The Geological Purvey la working on
two new sheets In tha Cascade Range,
known aa the Diamond 1-aka and tha
I'axadero quadrangles. They will not
be published thla ciiimmer.
The Forest Servlca haa Issued black
and white mapa of tha Oregon and the
Santlam National Forests, the latter
being an excellent map. They may he
secured at tha Beck Building. Portland.
A similar map la being made of the
Deachiltea National Forest These mapa
are on a scale of one-Inch equals four
In addition to these mapa, tha Gee
logical Survey and the atate have made
detailed aurveya of the John Par. Iea
chutea Rivera on a acale of two Inebea
equal nnc mil". Theae mapa may be
Issued thla Kali. Tha Deschutes map
snd rrport will be of particular Inter
est to persona traveling In that sec
tion of the state.
The recently published soil survey
of the Hood River area contains s good
man of the Hood River snd Whits Sal
mon valleys. t
In Kastern Oregon there are nine
Geological Survey quadranglea. em
bracing areas wholly or partially In
the state, nsmaly Rialork Island. I ms
tllla. Bilker. Telocaset. Horopter. Iron
side Mountain. Mitchell Butte, Welser
and Nampa. The Pine sheet will be
published this year snd was surveyed
In co-operation with ths slate of Ore
gon, together with the Arlington snd
Condon sheets, which sra In progress.
Water Supply Papers Nos las on
South Central Oregon, snd Sit on the
Harney Basin, contain good reenn
naisaance topographic mapa on a scale
of one Inch equals six mllea. These
are Issued by tha Geological Purvey.
The Foreat Service publishes a black
and white map of the Wallowa Na
tional Foreat which shows a largs ares,
that la not otherwise mapped
USE "TIZ" IF FEET
ACHE, llfUfF UP
Can't Beat "TIZ" for Sore, Tired.
, Sweatj, Calloused Feet
"Sarel I Use TTZ
Evsrr Tlaxa far
Aag Fee Tr Ma."
Tou can be happy-footed Just like
ma. Use "TIZ" and never suffer with
tender raw, burning, blistered, swollen,
tired, 'smelly fest "TIZ" snd only
"TIZ" takes ths pain and soreness out
of corns, callouses snd bunions.
As soon as you put your feet In a
"TIZ" bsth. you Just feel ths banplnaaa
soaking In. How good your poor, eld
fet feet They want to dance for Jor.
"TIZ" Is grand. "TIZ" Instantly draws
out all the poisonous exudations which
puff up your feet snd causa sore. In
flamed, aching, sweaty, smelly feet
Get a I&-cent bos of "TIZ" at any
drug store ordepsrtmsnt store. Get In.
atsnt foot relief. Laugh at foot suf
ferers who complain. Becauae your
feet are never, never going to bother
or make vou limp any more Adv.
v-3 j. to