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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1913)
74pages 1 iF
Pages 1 to 16
VOL. XXXII NO. 29.
PORTLAND, OREGON. SUNDAY tNING,
JULY 20, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
MAYOR OF SEATTLE
Saloons and Paper Re
fuse to Quit.
SAILORS ON GOOD BEHAVIOR
Cotterill Blames Publishers;
Editor Flings Back Charge.
HUMPHRIES ENJOINS CITY
Blethcn Says Executive Responsible
for Bluejackets Smashing: Kalis
of Socialists and Industrial
Workers of World.
SEATTLE, Wash., July 19. Orders of
Hayor Cotterill were overruled in court
today. Saloons, which the Mayor or
dered closed, following the smashing:
of Socialist and Industrial Workers of
the World headquarters by sailors from
the Pacinc reserve fleet last night, were
open for business. A newspaper, the
Times, which Mayor Cotterill ordered
suppressed, was sold on the streets and
delivered to homes after a brief delay.
There were no further disorders to
night. Few uniformed men from the
warships in the harbor were on the
streets tonight with the Potlatch
throng:. Few Socaillsts and soapbox
, orators of the I. W. W. attempted to
epeak at the busy corners.
Crowd Forgets Troubles.
The Incidents of last night appeared
to have been forgotten by the crowds
of merrymakers until the Mayor or
dered a squad of bluecoats to the press
room of the Times to prevent newsboys
from leaving the building with papers.
Before police were sent to the Times
building Cotterill had ordered all sa
loons to close. The liquor men and
publishers at once sought and obtained
relief in the Superior Court. Judge
Humphries set aside the orders of the
Mayor and Issued an injunction against
interference by the city in the legiti
mate business of newspapers or saloons
May or and Chief Protest.
When the restraining order was
served on Mayor Cotterill and Chief of
Tolice Bannick they appeared before
Judge Humphries with Assistant Cor
poration Counsel Ralph Pierce and pro
tested against the issuance of ex-parte
restraining orders, and contending that
the city was entitled to notice and op
portunity to defend the action. They
asked that the court hear them In op
position to the orders and were refused
by the court.
The Mayor then announced that the
city would obey the order, though
under protest, and Chief of Police Ban
nick promptly telephoned to Lieutenant
Dolphin, who was in charge of the
guard at the Times plant, to release
the papers, which were already in the
hands of newsboys held under police
guard In the mailing-room.
The attorneys who obtained the re
straining order for the Times were fol
lowed by a delegation of lawyers repre
. sentlng saloonkeepers, who obtained or
ders restraining the police from closing
oars In the city.
Sailors on Good Behavior.
The patrol from the fleet picked up a
lew delinquent sailors and sent them to
the ships, but the sailors were generally
on their good behavior and made no
AVith the sailors on shore leave there
also came ashore a large patrol, under
command of one of the captains of the
.fleet, and prepared to' roundup the men
f.ie moment any disorder was reported.
A large number of extra police had been
sworn in. There were no more places
lor the sailors to sack.
Industrial Workers of the World said
tonight that they had received warn
ing yesterday of a plot to wreck their
establishment and that all their valu
able records had been taken away and
their members warned to keep away
from the mob.
Cotterill Explains Order.
In explaining his order to suppress
the Times Mayor Cotterill said:
"The Times printed a garbled ac
count of the address of Secretary of
the Navy Daniels, representing him as
discussing the Industrial TfTorkers of
the World and as attacking me. where
as he did not refer to the Seattle sit
uation in any way. The Times article
then went on to Incite the sailors and
marine of the fleet to do Just what
they did last night. It was represented
to them that the Secretary of the Navy
wished them to attack the Industrial
Clarence B. Blethen. managing editor
of the Times, Issued the following
'"To clear his skirts of his responsi
bility for last night's' riots. Mayor Cot
terill. In sheer desperation, today at
tempted to suppress the Times. He
has Issued an order closing saloons and
stopping all street meetings today and
tomorrow, and suppressing all editions
of the Times today and tomorrow, un
less proofs of all matter in all editions
are submitted to him and receive his
"Mayor Cotterlll's responsibility for
last night's riots is definite. He per
mitted and fostered the display of the
red flag and the spread of anarchistic
principles. As a result, followers of
the red flag attacked United States
THERMOMETER STAXDS AT 94
AT 5 O'CLOCK IX AFTERNOON.
Pendleton Sees lOl and Wenatcheo
104 Fair and Warm Is
Prediction for Today.
.With the thermometer standing, at
94 degrees for two hours in the even
ing and above the high mark of the
previous day before 4 o'clock, yester
day established the heat record for the
season thus far, and the Weather. Bu
reau predicts continuing fair weather
and high temperature today, although
atmospheric conditions are becoming
unsettled over this section and a change
may be imminent.
The temperature yesterday was 17
degrees above the seasonal average for
Up to 11 o'clock in the morning the
advance of the thermometer was slow.
By noon It had Jumped three degrees
to 84, at 1 o'clock it stood at 87 and at
2 and 3 o'clock it registered 92 degrees,
which was the high mark of the pre
vious day. A temperature of 93 at 4
o'clock was followed an hour later by
a record of 94, and the thermometer
stuck at that point until 6 o'clock.
dropping rapidly thereafter. An hour
later it was back at 90.
Portland, however, got oft very easily
on temperature in comparison with
EaBtern Oregon and the Inland Empire.
North Yakima reported a maximum of
96 degrees and Pendleton 101, while at
Welser, Idaho, a high mark of 103 was
established, and at Wenatchee, the re
port gave 104. Lower temperatures
than that of Portland were reported
from the Upper Willamette Valley.
LOGANBERRIES ARE DRIED
Iorena Grower Constructs Cheap
Drying Plant on Ranch
COTTAGE GROVE,. Or, July. 19.
(Special.) With a $30 drying plant and
a cheap stove, Charles Bales, of Dorena,
has solved the problem of marketing
loganberries. For years berry growers
here have been complaining of no way
of preparing them for outside markets.
Tired of waiting for someone to put
up a dryer, Mr. Bales decided to at
tempt to solve the problem himself and
constructed a building of his own with
drying racks, the net cost of which
was 30. With a stove to furnish heat
Mr. Bales finds that he can take care
of all the berries from his five-acre
Mr. Bales Is a member of the Eugene
Growers' Association, which will handle
his crop for him at 27c a pound for the
dried fruit, netting him over 6c a pound
for the green fruit.
With a 30 plant taking -care of five
acres of berries. Mr. Bales believes that
It Is cheaper than it would be to haul
mem to a central dryer and makes
growing of berries practical -for thope
situated a long distance from a city.
ASTORIA WATCHING MILK
Short-Weight Butter Charge Made
Against One Dealer. '
ASTORIA. Or., July 19. (Special.)
It is not improbable, that there Is to be
a big milk shakeup in Astoria that will
put a stop to some flagrant abuses that
are said to have been going on among
the dairies in Clatsop County, both as to
adulteration of milk and' the unsani
tary condition of the stables.
For the past few days a special dep
uty in the office of the State Dairy and
Food Inspector has been In Astoria in
vestigating several cases. He has ob
tained a confession from one dealer;
has evidence against several others,
and within a few days will lay . the
cases before the Prosecuting Attorney.
Short weight butter again has made
its appearance In Astoria, and one meat
dealer has been brought to task. The
Astoria creameries are not under in
vestigation, but the butter shipped here
from other parts of the state has been
found short weight. Charges of sell
ing adulterated milk will be preferred
against two dealers of Seaside.
POTLATCH OF 1913 CLOSES
Great Thong on Streets but Sailors
Are Confined to Ships.
SEATTLE. Wash., July 19. (Spe.
cial.) The Potlatch of 1913 came to a
close tonight with exercises bidding
rarewell to the tyee of the Tllllcums.
These exercises took place at the re
viewing stand at the close of the street
pageant of the Tillikums through the
The Pacific reserve fleet In the har
bor was illuminated and there was a
brilliant fireworks display over the
water of the bay. A great throng of
People witnessed the children's parade
In the afternoon. The crowd in the
streets tonight was even larger than
The sailors of the fleet were con
fined to their ships tonight.
STEFANSSON'S SHIP SAILS
"Alaska" Leaves Xome for Teller to
Be Followed by Explorer Today.
NOME, Alaska, July 19. (Special.)
The power vessel Alaska, the second
Ehip of VUhJalmur Stefansson's Arctic
expedition, sailed for Teller, Port Clar
ence, this morning, loaded to the guards
with supplies. She is in command of
Captain William O. Nahmens. . .
She will anchor near the Karluk, the
principal vessel of the expedition, and
await the coming of Stefansson, who
will leave tomorrow for Teller in a
third boat. ' A farewell dinner to Stef
ansson will be given tonight.
Elks Gather at Mocllps.
ABERDEEN, Wash., July 19. (Spe
cial.) At least 6000, and probably 6000.
Elks, their families and their friends
are expected at Mocllps Beach tomor
row, when special trains from Tacoma
and Olympia arrive. Seven trains of
12 coaches each are to be used to trans
port the crowds. From the Grays Har
bor cities 200 Elks will go, aside from
the usual crowd of 100 at the resort.
The excursions will return tomorrow
U. S.GRANT WEDDED;
Daughters Refuse to
WEDDING IS AHEAD: OF TIME
Guests Met With Announce
ment Ceremony Is Past.
65 EXPECTED; 16 THERE
Couple Will Sail for Africa and
Bridegroom Says They Will Keep
Going "as Long as They
Wlll Cash., Our Checks."
SAN DIEGO. July 19. The wedding
of U. S. Grant, Jr., of ; this city,' and
Mrs. America Workman Will, of Lqs
Angeles, which was to have taken place
at 7 o'clock tonight in a San Diego ho
tel, 'did not occur. Instead of a . wed
ding It was announced to those present
at the appointed time that the marriage
ceremony had been performed one week
ago today by Justice George Puter
baugh.. Only a few friends of the Grant fam
ily assembled for the wedding that had
been set for tonight. U. & Grant, Fourth,
was the only one of the bridegroom's
five children who was in the hotel par
lor when the announcement of the mar
riage was made.
A dinner had been prepared for 65.
Only 16 participated.
Children Ignore Invitation.
Chaffee Grant and his sisters ignored
invitations to be present. Their re
fusal to attend is taken to corroborate
the reports that Mr. Grant's family was
much opposed to his marriage. Chaffee
Grant la the oldest son. He was asked
for a statement concerning the wed
miow mni. uaa wouia ao it," was
the only comment . . the., young ; man
would make upon the report.
He admitted, however, that he had
refused to recognize Mrs. Will as his
"hew mother,? and was not present at
the -dinner when the ceremony was
announced and the Grants said good
bye to their friends who were present.
Daughters Rtfon Recognition.
Grant's three daughters also rofiisn
to pay the least attention to their step
Neither Chaffee Grant nor TT. S. r.rsni
would admit-that there ha h.n mv
open break with . their father, but it
is said that the older son has consult
ed with an attorney.
- Mr. Grant,- the brideirroom. voitid
not discuss the attitude of his chil
"That is a private affair of thir
own. They can do as they please. Just
as I am doing," he said.
It was said bv acaualntanr. nf ,
family that they believed Mr. Grant had
made a new will and cut off those
children who failed to recognize the
second Mrs. Grant by letter or tele
gram. The wedding ceremony was per
formed by Puterbaugh in the reception
room of his home. The house was in
complete darkness save for a faint light
In the room, where the ceremony was
performed. The bridal couple then re
turned to the hotel.
Bride's Relatives Present.
At the dinner tonight the bride's
sister. .Mrs. Royal Wilson, of Ocean
Park, and brother, Robert Workman,
(Concluded on Page 2. )
SAN DIEGO CAPITALIST. SON" OF LATE CIVIL WAR GENERAL AND PRESIDENT, AND WEALTHY
WIDOW MANY YEARS HIS JUNIOR, WHOM HE MARRIED SECRETLY.
. -' ' -ta y s -
J, v,-w - Jv
H 7 ; A
C The Weather. ..
TEStERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 04
degrees; minimum, OS degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair and " continued
warm; northwesterly winds.
Bryan proposes protectorate . over . Niagara.
Section 1. page o. , .
Parcel post package limit increased; rates
-reduced. Section 1, page 1. .
Senator Cummins open tariff debate, criti
cising Democratic bill.. Section 1, page 2.
Mrs. Harrlman gives 10,000 to railroad hos
pital. Section 3, page 2.
Young prisoner demonstrates he can explode
nitroglycerine at - distance . without - con
tact. Section '' 1,. page 6.
Grave of veteran newspaper " man marked
by makeup" stone, with . epitaph - by
, 'William Dean Howells., Section 1, page 1.
?orts. . .
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 4.
v San Francisco S; Sacramento 1, Oak
land 0; Venice 4,' Los Angeles 2. Sec
' ' tion 2, page 2.
Fielder ' Jones releases Umpire Shackleford
in favor of Ostdiek. Section 2, page 3.
Freddie Welsh has trouble beating "Young
- Philadelphia" Jack O'Brien. Section 2,
page 6. '
New tennis champions made by state tour
ney at Irvington. Section 2, page 4.
McCormick beats Wickersham for state ten
nis championship. Section ; 2, page 4.
Northwestern League results: Portland 7,
Seattle 6 (10 innings); Tacoma 8, Spo
kane 7; Vancouver Victoria 7-7.
Section 2, page 2..
- Pacific Morthwest.
Record-breaking attendance , expected at
Gladstone's Chautauqua closing day.
Section 1, page 8.
Clark County, Washington, seems agreed on
big bridge bonds. Section 4, page 10.
Army of teachers apply for jobs in Oregon.
Section 4, Page 1.
Lewis A. Loomis, of Loom Is, Wash., dies,
aged 83 . years. Section 1, page 7.
Pioneer balloonist killed in first jump from
.aeroplane., bection l, page 1.
Sheridan, Or., kicks aside burning embers to
start, rebuilding ur town. Section T.,
Big Idaho livestock firm Is solvent . again.
Section 1, page S.
Real Estate and Building.
Realty situation appears stronger. Section
4, page o.
East Side works for cross-town line. Section
4, page 6.
Big sum goes into East Side building. Sec
slon 4, page 9.
Clatskanle dyke lands stand'. long test. Sec
tion 4, page 10.
Automobiles and Roads.
Hupp -company Increases capital stock. Sec
tion 4, page 4.
Buick truck comes from San Francisco to
Portland in 50 hours. Section 4, page 4.
Twelve-year-old boy drives car 3000 miles.
Section : 4 page o.
-( Commercial and Marine.
Hop market strengthened by unfavorable
European reports, bection 2, page Id.
Eastern Spring wheat crop believed to be
safe and market eases. Section
Stock market steady, only declines being
due to profit-taking sales. Section 2,
page -10. - -
Coast temperature fine and large 'crowds
go down by " boat and .rail, section 2
Portl&nd and Vicinity. '
Mexican service expected' 'by Third Regi
ment. Section 1, page 13. - -
Produce - brought to juvenile market sells
fast. Bection 1, page 15. .
Colonel Garrigua reports to Governor- West
on Gettysburg meet. Section 1, page 11.
Lew Boon, alleged Chinese tong war con
spirator, is in tons, section 1, page lo.
City Purchasing Agent makes report to
Blgelow, recommending changes. Section
1, page 15. -Bleson
will not quit lectures at ' Reed Col
lege. Section 4, page 1.
WOMAN'S SIGHT RESTORED
Mrs. Mary Welsh Blind for 5 Years
Sees Children, for First Time.
CHICAGO, July 19. Mrs. Mary
Welsh, ' of Hillsdale, Mich., saw her
eight children for the first time today.
She had been blind for 60 years. Sur
geons removed a double cataract from
Mrs. Welsh was stricken blind when
18 years old. To make ' her burden
doubly hard she was forced to do laun
dry work to support her children and
husband, who 'had become an Invalid.
Murder Suspect May lie Insane.
.ASTORIA, Or, July 19. (Special.)
Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Tracy
filed today with Judge Eakln, of the
Circuit Court, a petition asking that F.
Fernando Fernandez be turned over to
the temporary jurisdiction of the
County Court for the purpose of having
his mental condition investigated. For
several days Fernandez, who was re
cently indicted on a charge of murder
ing his wife, has been acting in a man
ner: that indicates he is mentally de
ranged. His principal topic of conver
sation is to declare his innocence of the
crime and to assert that he is to be
killed by the authorities. - He has the
appearance of being terror-stricken by
his fear of punlBhment.
TO DEATH IN WATER
Gasbag Pioneer Dies in
First Aeroplane Drop.
TRAGEDY WATCHED BY WIFE
Body Sinks Not to.Rise in Bay
PARACHUTE SNAP BROKEN
Francis J. Thayer, Realizing Danger,
Rolls Himself Into Ball as He
Xears Surface of Harbor
After 600-Foot Fall.
SEATTLE, Wash., July 19. Francis
I Thayer, aged 47 years, a parachute-
jumper, known throughout- the West.
was drowned today while making a
parachute descent from an aeroplane
as jart of the Potlatch air sports.
He went up in an aeroplane with
Johnny Bryant. At a height of 750
feet he dropped from the aeroplane.
After a descent of 100 feet he broke
loose from the parachute and fell to
Tbayer did not rise to the surface
after going into the water. He had
been giving parachute exhibitions 25
years. Thayer called Chicago his home.
He leaves a widow, in Seattle, and rel
atives at Aberdeen, Wash.
Flyer Circle Over AVanklpi.
Bryant, with Thayer hanging to his
parachute beneath the aeroplane, made
a pretty flight of ten minutes over the
bay, circling above the warships until
the aeroplane had reached a height of
750 feet. Bryant then signalled that
he was ready for Thayer to. jump, l)ut
Thayer did not signal that he was
ready to let go until the machine had
settled 50 feet. Then he cut loose from
the aeroplane. "
The parachute, with Thayer hanging
to the Iron ring at the end of the ropes,
opened prettily, and for a minute it
looked as if the drop was to be a per
fect exhibition. Then, to the horror of
the great crowd of people who lined
the waterfront and held points of
vantage .on craft about the harbor.
Thayer was seen- to fall, turning over
as he. left the parachute. He was fully
600 feet above the water when he fell.
The man seemed to realize his danger,
for he. rolled himself into a compact
ball as he approached the water, strik
ing on his face and left shoulder.
Wife- Sees' Accident.
Mrs. Thayer, Mrs. Frank Bennett,
wife of the manager of the aeroplane
exhibition, and Alys McKay, an a via
trlx, were in a launch which was to
pick Thayer up. They hurried with all
speed toward the spot where he sank,
but were unable to find any trace of
the body. .
Johnny Bryant, circling BOO - feet
above the bay, saw Thayer fall from
the parachute, and watched him as he
struck the ater. Bryant circled for
several minutes above the place where
Thayer disappeared, watching for the
body to come to the surface. At the
end of that time . he realized that
Thayer was dead and drove his aero
plane back to the . hangar on Harbor
Several small boats from the war
ships, near which Thayer disappeared,
put out to search .for the body, but
after cruising about for half an hour
the search was abandoned by all but a
The women in the launch said that
(Concluded on Page 2.
ON EDITOR'S GRAVE
BROTHER'S EPITAPH WRITTEN
BY NOTED NOVELIST.
Grave of Ohio Newspaper Man
Marked by Symbol of Craft Ho
Had Followed 5 0 Years..
JEFFERSON, O., July 19. One of the
most remarkable gravestones on recoTd
was placed in the- cemetery here today.
It stands at the head of the grave
of J. ;A. Howells, veteran editor of
the Ashtabula Sentinel, who died here
recently. It consists of the "make-up"
stone used by Howell for 50 years.
during his evolution as printers" devil.
printer and editor. On it is inscribed
a -verse written by William Dean
Howells, the novelist, a brother of
the dead man. The verse reads:
Stone, upon which, with hands of boy and
He framed the history of his time, until.
Week after week, the varying record ran.
To ite half-centurled tale of well and ill.
Remember now how true through all these
He was friend, brother, husband, son
Fill the whole limit of your space with
There needs no ' room for blame blame
- there was none. .
The boyhood of William Dean
Howells was spent in the office of the
Sentinel. The father of. William Dean
and J. A. Howells was editor of the
ALSEA PIONEER IS DEAD
Mrs. Alvlnia W. . Holgate, Who
Crossed Plains, Dies, Aged 81.
NEWPORT, Or., July 19. (Special.)
Alvlnia Williams Holgate. widow of
Jacob Holgate, died at Lutgens, Alsea
Bay, Or., July 9, aged 81. Mrs. Holgate
was born in Pennsylvania in 1831. She
was married to Jacob Holgate In Illl
nois and came to Oregon by ox team
In 1852, first settling in Corvallis, then
known as Marysville, when that town
contained only a few log cabins.
From there the family moved to
Alsea Valley, where they lived for
many years. Later they moved to Alsea
Bay, where Mrs. Holgate lived for 35
years. She was a well-known and
highly respected pioneer.
She was the mother of 12 children,
eight boys and five girls. Her husband
died In Portland about three years ago,
and was burled in that city.
Mrs. Holgate's funeral was held In
Portland and her-body laid to rest be
side that of her husband.
IRVINGTON PROPERTY SOLD
Deal for F. C. Barnes Home and Lots
- Practically Completed.
One of the largest sales of residence
property of the season was practically
closed yesterday by a. St. Joseph, Mo.,
buyer, who is purchasing the F. C.
Barnes home In Irvington. The con
sideration Involved Is $27,500 and the
deal is being handled by Van Nice &
The property includes the Barnes
residence, one of the older dwellings
In the Irvington district, and six lots
on Tillamook street, between East
Twenty-first and East Twenty-second.
The place is especially attractive be
cause of its trees and shrubbery. It is
understood that the St. Joseph in
vestor later will Improve the property
with a very handsome residence.
SENATOR'S UNCLE HAS JOB
George Polndexter, 82, Swells List
of Relatives on Roll.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July 19. In addition to three
brothers, a son and seven cousins of
Senator Polndexter, of Washington, who
have been attached the the Federal
payroll, it now develops that still an
other relative, ' an 82-year-old uncle,
George Polndexter, of Alabama, has Just
been appointed special field agent of
the General Land Office at $1800 a year.
This makes 12 relatives living at Gov
City Annexes Tract 15x5 Blocks by
Vote of 190 to 18.
M'MINNVILLE. Or., July 19. (Spe
cial.) At the special city annexation
election held here yesterday a tract
15x5 blocks north of the city was an
nexed. The vote was 190 for to 18
The tract Is part of the larger addi
tion annexed to this city three years
ago in an election which was after
wards decided illegal by the Supreme
Court. The new high school building
Is situated within this territory, which
Is rapidly building up.
Only few women voted yesterday.
SENATE SEES NEW STYLES
J. Ham Lewis Appears In Dainty
Lavender and White Combination
WASHINGTON, July 19. (Special.)
The National Capitol got its latest
suggestion for Summer styles today
when Senator J. Ham Lewis, of Illinois
flitted Into the State Department.
Lewis wore a cream-colored suit,
white shoes, white socks, white vest,
lavender silk shirt, white silk tie, black
silk eyeglass strings, lavender-tinted
handkerchief and white silk gloves
which he wore.
Washington Iowa us Meet.
PE ELL. Wash., July 19. (Special.
Roy Kurtz, recently from Hartford,
la., has purchased 40 acres of land
south of town and " will improve the
tract to make a home. Wednesday
night the Iowa people in this neighbor
hood enjoyed a pleasant state reunion
at the home of Joe Shepherd. The Or
der of Yeomen instituted a lodge here
this week with upwards of 30 members
enrolled for a start.
PARCEL POST RATES
IN TWO ZONES GOT
Weight Limit Raised
to 20 Pounds.
FURTHER REDUCTION LIKELY
Change Expected to Increase
USE OF MAPS ABANDONED
Large Number of Autos to Bo Em
ployed Exclusively In Delivery ot
Packages Change Benefits
Third of Patrons.
WASHINGTON, July 19. Plans for
the extension, improvement and re
duction in rates of the parcel post
were announced today by Postmaster
The changes, which
effective August 15, Include, an in
crease from 11 pounds to 20 pounds in.
the maximum weight of parcels; a par
tial reduction in the postage rates in
the first and second zones snd the
abandonment of the parcel post map
as a means of computing rates and the
substitution for it of a ra.t chart in.
dlvlduallzed to every postoffice in the
The plans contemplate th mirrhn:a
of a large number of automobiles to
do usee exclusively for the delivery
of parcel post matter.
General Reduction Presaged.
While for the present the maximum
weight limit of 20 pounds and the re
duction in rates will apply only to the
first and second zones, from any given
postoffice a- distance of about 150
miles the changes directed today con
stitute the first long step toward a
universal extension of the system and
a general reduction in the rates of
postage on parcel matter.
. "It . is my expectation and belief,"
said Postmaster-General Burleson,
"that eventually and it may he 15 or
20 years the postal service will handle
practically all of the small package
transportation business In the United
States. The maximum weight limit,
extended now from 11 to 20 pounds, I
expect to see increased to 100 pounds.
and experience may demonstrate the
practicability of handling the parcel
business at even lower rates than we
now propose. I appreciate fully the
sentiment for an increase in the weight
limit and a reduction In rates to all
zones, but it is necessary for us in a
sense to feel our way. For that rea
son we haye made the changes pro
posed apply only to the first and sec
Rate In Two Zones Rednced.
Mr. Burleson announced the changes
"The first zone shall include the ter-;
rltory within the local delivery of any
office and the first zone rate of post
age will apply to all parcel post mall
deposited at any office for local deliv
ery or for delivery by city carrier or
on rural routes, emanating from that
"The second zone shall Include the
remainder of what is now the first zone
together with the present second zone,
and shall include all the units of area
located in whole or in part within a
radius of approximately 150 miles from
any given Postoffice.
"The rate of postage on parcels
weighing in excess of four ounces in
the proposed first zone will be reduced
from 5 cents for the first pound and 1
cent for each additional pound or frac
tion thereof to 5. cents for the first
pound and 1 cent for each additional
two pounds or fraction thereof; and
the rate for the second zone will bs
reduced from 6 cents for the first
pound and 3 cents for each additional
pound, 6 cents for the first pound and
4 cents for each additional pound or
fraction thereof to 5 cents for the first
pound and 1 cent for each additional
pound or fraction thereof.
Third of Public Benefited.
"The maximum weight of parcel post
packages will be increased from 11
pounds to 20 pounds, the Increase of
weight to apply only to the first and
second zones. No change has been
made In the size or form of package."
Statistics collected by the depart
ment show that quite one-third of the
total parcels mailed are handled within
the proposed first and second zones, and
the Postmaster-General believes the in
crease In the weight limit and the re
duction of the rates of postage in
the first and second zones, as proposed,
will benefit greatly more than one
third of the public, and that the pro
ducer, the consumer and the local
merchant will profit materially by the
changes. He points out, too, that .the
farmers who were led to anticipate
much benefit from the parcel post serv
ice will be afforded a cheap means of
transporting their products directly to
the consumer, and that the local mer
chant whose trade docs not Justify the
employment of extensive delivery serv
ice also will be benefited, as the sys
tem will put-him in cloae touch with
Postal experts estimate that with the"
proposed changes In the parcel post
system In operation, the revenues of
the Postoffice Department will be so
increased as to show a substantial
surplus at the end of the current fiscal
ULYSSES S. GRANT AND HIS BRIDE, FORMERLY . MRS. -AMERICA WORKMAN WILL.