The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 27, 1912, SECTION THREE, Page 10, Image 44

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Single Tax Is Heartily
Terse Figures Are Quoted for Guid
ance of Voters.
PORTLAND, Oct. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) The assessment roll of Mult
nomah County Is now made up and it
Real estate, town lota 17.1.3S.Vfi1 J
Improvements on town lots .... 51.840.110
Acreage 22.i.'!3.aW
Improvements on acreage 2.7JO.M5
Personal property M.I-'-Moj
Local franchises .
Total JS08.S06.O35
Lnder single tax there will do
.T.mnt ih. . j n i . 1 fniirlh ttld
firth Items above, aggregating 108.6S5.150
Leaving to pay all the tax now
l.lul .n S'Klrt UllA iKl.. lh. Slim
of $108,120,043
Every dollar of tax which should
be paid on $108,685,150 must be added
to the tax on lots and land, on the
homes of the people. The single tax
candidate for Assessor and his hired
jawsmiths may tell the small home
owner that his taxes will be less tnan
now, but above are the figures, study
them for yourselves.
The storekeepers are being told that
all taxes will-be taken off their gooas,
but if single tax creates hard times.
If the growth of Portland is checked,
as hundreds predict, their business
will be paralyzed and they will be
worse off than now.
To show how single tax works In
Calgary, I copy a few excerpts from
an editorial in the leading paper, the
"Calgary Herald." of September 12,
1312, and from a letter by the editor
to a gentleman in Portland, dated Oc
tober 1, 1912.
Editorial: Representatives from 20 Al
berta towns have met to protest against the
action of the government In forcibly Im
posing a single tax system of taxation upon
Everyone realises that ... It would be
the height of folly to smash all existing
systems at one blow, and thrust It In Its
entirety upon an unprepared community,
especially at a time wben public improve
menta and growing expenditures demand a
stable financial condition.
The result (the adoption of single tax)
has been disastrous to a number of Alberta
towns. Their finances are well-nigh par
alyzed. Single tax, as applied to their
land on any reasonable basis of assessment
whatever, does not come near to supplying
their actual financial needs. Public service
Is demoralized; public officials can not get
their money, and even school teachers have
been held up for their salaries because their
municipalities have been unable to establish
a new basis of revenue.
The Herald hopes that steps win be
taken at an early date to amend the con
ditions which have arisen.
Excerpts from the Herald editor's
The single tax question has not worked
'out completely In Alberta as yet. It is not
In full force In Calgary, although two re
ductiona In the rate of assessment on im
provements have been made. All the mu
nicipalities (small towns and villages) In
this province have no'w put It Into effect, in
accordance with the provisions of the new
law. The result Is that a large number
of them are practically broke, being unable
to raise sufficient funds to make their Im
provements and carry on their affairs. The
complaint in this respect la on account of
the fact that It was thrust upon them sud
denly, and that they had to change Im
mediately from a system where Improve
ments paid their share to one where It was
all put on. the land.
After reading the above It should
not take surgical operations to get
an understanding of the great wrong
of single tax into the heads of voters
of average Intelligence.
Salem Widow Gives Practical Advice
I Aspirins; Wives.
SALEM. Or.. Oct. 22. (To the Edi
tor.) I have read so many letters from
different ones In The Oregon lan that I
wonder they , find the question worth
diseussinsr when, in this, arrand. erlorloua
West, there are so many other inter- j
ests. besides the eternal question or
love and marriage. Not but what it Is
a vital subject, but rest assured, when
the right man comes along, there will
always follow a wedding.
I am a widow, and I think marriage
Is the happiest part of woman's life.
If she can adjust herself to the mar
riage state. All men are like boys,
only grown up. They like variety and
amusement. You must study moods
and temperament. Be just angel enough
to Interest them. Yet have a spice of
the devil enough for variety. Do not
be too devoted to them, as It bores
them. Let them think they are having
their way. Give tfiem enough freedom
to make them wonder If you are not
thinking of some one else. A man Is
conceited and their vanity Is injured 11
they think you can see anything In an
other man to admire. You hare to
keep them glesslng. Do not be too
good or too wicked. Strike the happy
medium. All men love a woman with
a spice of mischief in their makeup,
yet devout enough to worship their
creator. Best of all a man loves a
woman who can see some good In the
worst of her sex. Never be envious or
Jealous. Do not be "catty" about an
other woman. If he should happen to
admire another woman compliment his
good taste.
Don't for heaven's sake bore him
with your good points. Never talk
about yourself, but lead him on to
talk of his prowess in theefeld of sport
or whatever interests him 'most- Join
him in bis amusements. In fact, be a
good comrade and don't expect him to
make love all the-time. Be a dainty
housekeeper. Keep yourself clean and
dainty. Let home be the one spot
where he can enjoy life. Keep a fresh
face, bright -eyes, and a sweet smile.
Never nag or worry,- and you both will
be happy. RUTH BELLES,
v m
Subject of Manufacture and Sale Gob
Into Exhaustively.
PORTLAND, Oct. 20. (To the Ed
itor.) Articles have appeared In The
Oregonian from time to time with ref
erence to oleomargarine, especially one
which appeared some time since under
the caption "Oleomargarine and the
Butter Market." signed by Harry Hew
itt. Mr. Hewitt starts out by question
ing the honesty of packers, oleomar
garine manufacturers, etc., in much the
old. familiar "stop thief" style.
He calls attention to the present one
fourth of a cent tax on uncolored oleo
margarine, which by inference he ap
proves, regardless of the fact that the
United States Commissioner of Inter
nal Revenue has reported to Congress
that this tax had been productive of
more frauds in the sale of oleomarga
rine than was the former 2-cent tax,
permitting the sale of colored oleo
margarine, and further stating that
. under the present act. it is almost im
possible to prevent fraud, clearly dem
onstrating Mr. Hewitt's Ignorance of
the subject on which he writes, or the
fact that he has some other reason
than the prevention of fraud for advo
cating the uncolored measure.
He also states that the Internal Reve
enue Department's reports show "the
packers annually violate the law by
selling millions of pounds without pay
ing the tax." This Is a misstatement,
as undoubtedly was known by Mr.
Hewitt, as the Internal revenue reports
plainly show that any frauds there may
have been In connection with the oleo
margarine business have not been car
ried out by the packers or other Oleo
margarine manufacturers.
Mr. Hewitt recites that It is possible
to "inject as high as 40 or 50 per cent
of water into butter, and still have a
good marketable product." Common
sense will teach anyone that In manu-j
"Rapped" by Numerous
facturlng butter with 40 per cent of
water, whereas butter should contain
around about 15 per cent, tha't the
manufacturer Is simply selling 25 per
cent of water at butter prices, or load
ing up his butter with water, which has
no food value whatever.
If protection for the consumer and
honest dairy wanufacturer Is what is
wanted, why does not Mr. Hewitt advo
cate the passage of a law similar to the
Lever bill, which would prevent fraud
ti selling oleomargarine, even of a yel
low color, inasmuch as It provides that
oleomargarine should be "old In orig
inal packages, each package to be
plainly -marked "Oleomargarine." and
each bearing the Internal revenue stamp.
Indicating a moderate rate of tax
without regard to color, which under
heavy penalty was to remain unbroken
until in the hands of the final user. This
Insures the sale of oleomargarine on its
own merit, which is all that the con
gumer requires, and the dairyman
should expect. To this, the oleomar
garine manufacturers raise no objec
tion. A. R. GRAY.
SuffsTestion Made That Evil Should Be
Kept Under Surveillance.
PORTLAND, Oct. 21. (To the Edi
tor.) A few days ago I received a let
ter from one of the leading ministers
of Seattle saying that Seattle was the
cleanest citv on the Pacific Coast. Vice
and immoral conduct were so thor
oughly expunged that they could rec
ommend it to the most fastidious. The
restricted district was abolished, the
people that Inhabited that part of the
city were scattered into every quarter
of the citv. Men of years of experi
ence Inform me that vice and immoral
ity abounds there the same as ever, ah
the difference there is. when the lower
elements were kept In a restricted dis
trict the police knew where to una
them. Now, quartered as they are m
first-class hotels, they seek to clothe j
their work with the garb of respecta
bility. No officer will attempt to maice an
arrest, unless armed with a warrant.
Before the crusade, the work of the
red light district was done openly and
without fear. The public knew where
to find them. Now, even the old -residents
of the city hesitate to send their
friends to any first-class rooming-1
house, for fear of their being brought
In contaot with those that they would
avoid. Mr. Baker has the right Idea
about the handling of the social evil.
It has existed since ' the advent of
Mother Eve, and will exist as long as
this world revolves on Its axis, lhat
which cannot be exterminated, should
be governed. Every man and woman
in this city that Is Infected with
syphilis or other loathsome diseases
should be quarantined In some seciua
ed part of the city and compelled to
stay there under the care of the med
ical board. It should be a part of the
duty of the city physician to maintain
the quarantine. Every physician know
Ing of such infectious cases should re
port them the same as cases of small
Wishing to become better Informed
on this question, I consulted one of the
leading physicians upon that subject
He gave me a very wise look and In
formed me that I had better not touch
upon that subject; that I would be sur
prised if I knew the names of men and
women that come to them for medical
advice upon that same subject-
Therefore, I am more fully persuaded
that the strongest step that could be
taken against the social evil would be
to quarantine every man and woman in
this city that Is Infected with the dis
eases that follow in the footsteps of
social evil. CICERO NEWELL.
System Said To Be Unpopular In East
ern Orcgoa.
FRE E WATER, Or., Oct. 23. (To the
Editor.) I hajve noticed considerable
controversy concerning "single tax,"
but up here in Eastern Oregon so few
are In favor of such a measure, there
would seem to be no danger of the
thing getting support enough to make
It dangerous. But I suppose in a city
like Portland the dirty work will be
done, as I see there they have two
single-tax measures to vote on, one for
the county and the other for the state.
This, it seems, should be looked after
very closely. We have been flooded
with their literature and statements,
which I think are misleading and dan
gerous, for while the single-tax liter
ature fairly teems with assertions
against "the rich land owner," In my
opinion they have the shoe on the
wrong foot, for I am satisfied when
the clouds roll away that people will
be able to see the joker and find out
it Is the single taxers who are sup
ported by the big Interests.. -
I liked the tone of Eugene Palmer's
article In The Oregonian of October 11.
Though perhaps poor In worldly goods,
he has no ax to grind, his vision Is
clear, and we want Just such men, and
not the "paid attorneys," so I must call
for him to clear up those formidable
arrays of figures which are sent out by
the thousands to the unwary, who
stand aghast at their- production.
There is no doubt but what the bal
lots will continue to be overloaded by
such undesirable measures as to kill
off our Oregon system. D. J. KIRK.
Muddy Feet Often Lead to Soiling; of
Pasaena-era' Apparel.
PORTLAND, Oct. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) I want to add a word to what
has been said regarding allowing chil
dren of walking age to stand or kneel
on the seats of the streetcars. Mary
M. Whitney has stated facts that have
been frequently discussed on the cars,
namely: Why do mothers permit their
children to stand or kneel on the seats
when they certainly must know that
their feet soil the seats or that their
feet come In contact with passengers
seated next to them.
Two years ago I had a white serge
suit ruined and took the matter up
with Mr. Josselyn and suggested that
signs be placed In each car so that
the conductor would have some author
ity to go by when requesting parents
not to allow the children to stand on
the seats. One Sunday morning a gen
tleman removed a child of about three
years old from the seat and offered the
seat to me. Naturally I preferred
standing, as I knew my dress would
be soiled if I accepted the seat. The
car company officials have it in their
power to abate this annoyance. Now
that the rainy season Is coming on. It
should be done at once.
Main Argument For Bourse Riddled By
i Albany Man.
ALBANY, Or., Oct. 25. (To the Ed
itor.) We see that some prominent
members of the Citizens' Alliance are
boosting the candidacy of Jonathan
Bourne because, and only because, they
think he can secure appropriations.
Granting all they say, would Bourne as
a statesman ask more for Oregon than
her Just share on the merits involved?
Would Bourne deprive other states of
their just share of the appropriations
In order to give Oregon more than her
share? Does Bourne's candidacy rest
on his ability to play the "hog" on ap
propriations? Is it not time the- "pork
barrel" was replaced by merit, states
manship and true patriotism?
Correspondents - Bourne Condemned for Making Campaign
Taxpayer Waxes Sarcastic Over Pro
posed Expenditure of Huge Sam.
PORTLAND, Oct. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) As the time set for the election
to be held November 2 draws nigh
and there are many initiative meas
ures placed upon the ballot to be ac
cepted or rejected by trie- voters, i
feel that careful Investigation should
be made as to the merits of each that
It mav assist ma In voting intelligent
ly. As to myself, I am not much of
a taxpayer, but being possessed of
the sovereign risrht of a voter, I do
not feel it incumbent upon me to vote
-unnecessary taxes upon those who have
to bear that burden.
Upon investigation I find upon the
ballot a measure for the Issuing of
$300,000 bonds for tbe purchase of a
tract of swamp land known as koss
Island. If is set forth that this tract
is be used for a crematory, a pest-
house, park and playground for the
children. To my way of thinking tnis
combination is herd to beat, it takes
the cake. It is the most marvelous
idea that I have ever heard emanat
ing from the brain of a statesman of
modern or ancient times. It is slicker
than molasses and can't be beat no
how. Just think of these advantages!
One could go to the park, enjoy the
aroma of the crematory with a good
prospect of catching the smallpox,
measles and scarlet fever from the
pesthouse, and again, the people vis
iting the Oaks, which Is near by,
would enjoy the same advantages,
without additional cost, as the people
of North Portland and Willamette
Heights are now doing.' Another ad
vantage, when the wind Is from the
south,'. all Portland could enjoy the
rich odors from the crematory and
when from the north enjoy the same
from the one we have now in use.
All it would lack then would be crem
atory on the East Side and one on -the
West Side to make our happiness com
plete. I am informed by one of the real
estate men of Portland, who has been
in the business for many years, that
this property- is not worth more than
,40,000, and is assessed at $35,000. I
am also informed that $300,000 will
not be paid for this land; that It will
be condemned and only, its real value
paid. Now if its value is only $40,
000 why vote more than that amount
of bonds? Why vote $260,000 unneces
Then again, why should we want
another crematory when we have one
Idle that has a capacity of 40 tons
dally? Why not use that one until
such time as we need another? Cost
of island is $300,000; cost of placing
embanking around and filling, $1,000,
000; cost of crematory, $100,000: and
we have the sum total of $1,400,000.
What do you think of it, Mr. Tax
payer? C. L. DAGGETT.
New England Big Business Needs Sen
ator, Says Mr. C'olvlgr.
MEDFORD, Or., Oct. 25. (To the
Editor.) A great politician once said
that "purity in American politics is an
iridescent dream," and many are be
ginning to think that he was not very
far astray. The present position of
the Democratic party in this state, es
pecially in Southern Oregon, is rather
unique. Its opposition to a protective
tariff Is largely a howling pretense,
and not an honest conviction. The
Med ford Mail-Tribune of this place,
whose editor is a dyed-in-the-wool
Democrat, bases its most vitriolic at
tacks on Taft, because lie signed the
Payne-Aldrlch bill, yet In the same
column the editor lauds Bourne to the
skies for his self-advertised services
to the people. These Bourne Demo
crats should not forget that the loud
est call for Bourne's return to the
United States Senate comes from the
protected big business Interests of New
England. They need him so does
Standard Oil. 'His action and his votes
in the Senate during the past two
years prove this. . He says that on
tariff matters he followed Aldrich. Of
course he did! These protected tariff
barons owned him, and he could not
do otherwise. Besides, he Is himself
one of the manufacturers of New Eng
land and a recipient of the favors of a
protective tariff. .
Some of us have never had a very
exalted opinion of the "Oregon sys
tem," especially the direct primary,
but as time rolled on we were Just
about reconciled to the beauties of the
"system," when Jonathan Bourne, its
father, comes along and repudiates the
whole scheme. It seems that it did
not work in his case. He squeals at
Its personal effect like a pig fastened
under a gate. His present attitude be
fore the people of Oregon leads one to
believe that the primary law is. but
the plaything of demagogues and the
tool of political scoundreis. If he suc
ceeds in his present attempt to over
ride the loyalty of the people to the
direct primary, even U'Ren should be
ready to admit that the whole plan Is
dismal failure.
Lincoln once said. "You can fool
some of the people all the time, and all
the people some of the time, but you
cannot fool all the people all the time."
Let us hope that Bourne will find It so..
No man of intellectual honesty would
assume the position he now occupies
before the people of the state of Ore
gon. WM. M. COLVIG.
Luxuries More Easily Bought Now Than
Necessities In 18D.
BROWNSVILLE. Or., Oct. 25. (To
the Editor.) I note in The Sundsry
Oregonian a letter from Charles B.
Moores, quoting Woodrow Wilson in
the matter of high cost of living. Com
paratively speaking, the cost of living
Is much lower now than it was in 1896.
I was 4n the mercantile business then.
A farmer living near by offered me $7
for a sack of flour-if I would book it.
promising to pay for it as soon as he
could raise the money. I was retailing
this flour then at- 45 cents cash or 50
cents per sack payable in produce, and
I sold wagon loads of it at that price.
This was in the early Winter and this
farmer did not have the money or pro
duce nor any flour. He was already
owing me for groceries that he could
never pay for, and to let him have the
flour on time was simply making him
a present of it. I Informed him that he
could not have the flour for $7 per sack
or for any other price more than 60
cents per sack, but if he could dig up
40 cents in cash he could have a sack.
He said he could not do It and must
have some flour. I offered to divide a
sack with him if be could raise any
part of the 40 cents and use the balance
of the flour myself, but he said he
could not even do that.
I assert, without fear Of contradic
tion, that 40 cents was bigger in the
eyes of that man than $40 would be in
the eyes of the poorest farmer in the
Willamette Valley' today. He was an
able-bodied man, though perhaps about
60 years of age, but he could not find a
job of any kind whereby he could earn
the necessary ' 40 cents, nor could he
borrow It, for he already had a mort
gage on his farm and chattel mortgages
were no good. He had as good a little
farm as there is In the Willamette Val
ley; good Santiam River bottom "land
that will probably sell today for not
less than $200 per acre. There was a
fine fruit orchard in bearing thereon
then, and the same orchard is. in good,
thrifty condition today and Is there to
testify for itself.
True," this farmer did not starve; he
had plenty of potatoes to eat. A neigh
bor adjoining him who owned a good
chunk of that fine Santiam River land
kept his family on potatoes until the
poor wife and mother could not stand
them longer". Some one had to come
to her assistance or she would starve.
We paid from 8 cents to 10 cents per
dozen for eggs at the store then, mos
of the time not more than 8 cents per
dozen, but few laboring men could af
ford to buy them even at 8 cents per
dozen, for it took all the spare change
they could possibly scrape together to
buy the absolute necessaries, and., as for
clothing, they had to get along by
patching the old duds over- and over,
patch upon patch. This ts what made
the price of eggs so low; the laboring
men could not indulge In such luxuries,
and consequently there was a very poor
demand and price for them.
It required 64 dozen eggsto buy a
sack of flour then at 8 cents per dozen.
Today 6 dozen of eggs will purchase
nearly two sacks of flour. Mr. voter,
do you discover the reason. Flour was
a necessity then and eggs a luxury
they had to buy the one, but could not
afford the other.
Today laboring men can buy their
flour at a price that would buy Z
sacks then. Also eggs are a necessity
with him now, not a luxury as they
were then, and their price Is corre
spondlngly high.
I bought a driving horse then for iiz.
I could ill afford that $12, but had to
have the horse. It would be difficult
to buy as good a horse today for $125,
and yet it Is easier to pay $125 today
than it was to pay $12 in 1896.
When it became known that Mr.
Cleveland was elected for his second
term, my wife came home from a visit
to her relatives. They laughed at her
because I voted the Republican ticket
and lost. They requested her to ask me
how 1 liked it, and she did. I replied
that I felt very badly about it, but that
my feelings at present will sink into
Insignificance as compared with theirs
four years hence." The prophecy be
came only too terribly true.
Throueh that Ions: four years we couia
not forget the banner we saw carried
at the head of the Cleveland marching
organizations during the political strug
gle before election: "Vote for Cleve
land and get $1 per bushel for your
wheat." That wheat actually reacnea
the price of 29 cents per bushel during
his administration.
What makes this difference, Mr. Vot
er? The difference between emciency
and inefficiency; the difference between
theory and practical results; the differ
ence between doing and undoing; tne
difference between Idleness and work:
the difference between doing nothing
and being paid for energy exerted; the
difference betwen lingering dissatisfied
bv the wayside, pining for something,
we know not what, and aavancing
steadily forward by tried 1 and true
paths that lead to prosperity ana prog
ress; in short, the difference between
retrogression In 1896 and progression
since Mr. Cleveland's administration.
Oh. yes. cetainly many want a change
and are going to vote for It. They can
not stand prosperity long. The rest oi
us will have to stand it too, If they win
out. But when they cast their votes
for that change. It will be well to con
sider the certain knowledge gained
from that other change In 1896.
W. W. BAlLr. x.
Most Harmonious) Meeting; on Record
Described and Explained.
TOLEDO.- Or., Oct. 24. (To the Ed
itor.) I notice that In The Oregonian,
O. Middlekauf is quoted as follows:
Lincoln politicians for "Wilson and
Taft; rank and file for Roosevelt anu
Progressive party; think county will
record Its same verdict as at primaries
and give Roosevelt a majority over
both Wilson and Taft."
Mr. Middlekauf issued a call for the
Progressives to meet here last month
and organize and elect officers and
delegates to the state convention.
Mr. Middlekauf called the meeting to
order, with A. T. Teterson present. Mr.
Middlekauf was elected chairman and
Mr. Peterson secretary. We understand
that their election was unanimous, as
there was no opposition, and Mr. Mid
dlekauf and Mr. Peterson were .both
unanimously elected as delegates to the
state convention.
Mr. Middlekauf had intimated that
they would likely nominate a full coun
ty ticket, but owing to.lack of candi
dates the meeting decided to omit this
part of the programme and concen
trate the party s efforts on working for
Roosevelt for President.
It was freely admitted by everyone
that this was one of the most harmon
ious political meetings that was ever
held in the county, and everyone seems
to think that if something does not
happen to keep Mr. Middlekauf or Mr.
Peterson away from the polls, that
Roosevelt will get the full vote of the
new party.
We are glad to know who the rank
and file of the people are. The boys
have named Mr. Middlekauf Rank, and
Mr. Peterson File. DEMOCRAT.
He Advances Belief That Women Will
Advance Public Good.
PORTLAND, Oct. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) I believe in suffrage for women
and shall support the proposed Consti
tutional amendment for the reason that
I have never been able to find any sat
isfactory argument why suffrage
should be withheld from them. I find
in my experience as a school director
that women, even more .than men, take
their electoral responsibilities seriously
and vote freely and Intelligently at the
I am sure th'elr active interest in the
schools Is greatly stimulated by the
fact that they have a right to vote at
school elections, and I am also sure
that the public schools are much bet
ter .oft on that account. If women,
through the suffrage, may be of In
valuable service to the public schools,
it is clear to me that the same in
fluence might with advantage be ex
tended to public affairs generally. So
I am in favor of suffrage because I
think it is fair to the women and be
cause I am confident It will be bene
ficial to city, state and nation.
Judge Plpea for Oa-leaby Young;.
PORTLAND, Oct. 24. (To the Ed
itor.) Certainly the office of Circuit
Judge Is not the least important office
to be filled at the next election. In
fact, the courts deal more directly than
other officers with the rights of the
people, and the Judges should therefore
be competent lawyers and upright men.
Mr. Oglesby Young is a candidate on
the Democratic ticket for the office of
Circuit Judge In nils county. I have
long ago myself disregarded politics in
casting my vote for judicial offices and
believe that Is -ne best thing to do. I
have known Mr. Young for many years
as a practitioner at the Multnomah bar
and as a man of high standing in this
community. His long residence and
practice here has acquainted him with
the Oregon laws and with the people
among whom he has lived. His repu
tation in the community Is without
stain, and I think he will-make a good
judge. I am guided by these consider
ations in my decision to vote for him,
and am therefore willing to advise oth
ers to do the same upon the same con
siderations. MARTIN L. PIPES.
After Defeat at Primary
Tininn I-nred to Keep Clear of
Dangerous Shoals,
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Oct. 24. (To
the Editor.) In discussing single tax
with workingmen one often hears tne
argument that as bankers and business
men generally are opposed to single
tax it must necessarily be a good prop
osition for the Door man. mis argu
ment is as false as the theory of single
tax. Certainly a man with brains
enough to acquire any considerable
amount of property can see that a sys
tem of taxation which is unjust and
Itifiirtniia s t Vi a Dtdtn (1 t laTCA Will
orov-h lniurtous to his business, and for
that reason Intelligent business men
oddosb single tax.
The single tax advocates contend that
the system will prove a great boon to
farmers and small home owners, and
yet It will greatly reduce the price of
land. Undoubtedlythe latter conten
tion Is correct, as the price of land,
like the price of all other commodities,
is reeulated bv the law of supply and
demand. As outside capital will fight
shv of Oregon should single tax he
adopted the demand for land will be
correspondingly light A large supply
of land, and no market will certainly
mean low prices.
This fact will no doubt prove attrac
tlvn to the man who has denied him
self the comforts of life in order that
he misrht buv a lot for $800 expecting
it to increase In value, only to find
that through single tax the vajue of
his property has declined to $500, and
the farmer, whose land is wortn jauuu
under the present system of taxation,
will be overjoyed to find that single
tax has reduced the value to $3500.
New Zealand and Vancouver, B. C,
are held up as shining examples of the
workings of single tax. in New z;ea
land the land was held in tracts rang
ing from 5000 acres upward, and the
entire island was but a sheep run. Even
there single tax has not proved an un
qualified success. Surely comparison
between a country like New Zealand
and Oregon, with her many productive
valleys, fertile foothills and small
farms, is very misleading to say the
Vancouver, B. C.. does not rely solely
on single tax to raise revenue, as there
is a personal tax In addition to an in
come tax on all Incomes over $1000 per
year. The income tax cannot be levied
In Oregon as this form of taxation will
undoubtedly be turned over to the Fed
eral "Government by the ratification of
the Constitutional amendment giving
Congress the Dower to levy such a tax
If Mr. Fels Is so in love witn single
tax, why doesn't he try It In his own
state? Is it because the hard-headed
Pennsylvanians will have none of It?
Or Is he like the wise chemist who tries
each new medicinal preparation on a
monkey? If it doesn t kill the monkey
he tries it himself. Is Mr. Fels seeking
to use Oregon as the monkey?
Stripped of its mask single tax means
in the end state ownership or land ana
a system of tenantcy utterly repugnant
to American ideals and destructive of
our form of government, for Henry
George, the great exponent of single
tax, has said that Individual ownership
of land Is as monstrous a wrong as
Are the people of Oregon prepared to
plunge Into the labyrinth of state so
cialism with no' other guides than the
beneficiaries of the Fels war chest? -
Prosperity Usually Disappears With
Democratic President. Says Writer.
SILETZ. Oct. 22. (To the Editor.)
The writer of these lines Is a native
of "Oregon, has lived In the state for
more than half a century, and has
taken part in a good many political
campaigns. He has watched with in
creasing interest the records of the
political parties for 30 years or more
and while frankly admitting that he
is of the opinion that some things
might easily be changed for the better,
is yet far from the conviction that a
change In the policy of the Govern
ment at the present would be a wise
one. Most of the years of my lire
were passed on the farm and the
recollection as to the results of changes
In the past remains with me quite
vividly to the present day. When Mr.
Cleveland was elected President in
1S84. we had always thought It hard
to have to take less than 60 cents per
bushel for wheat, but he hardly had
taken the oath of office when the
price dropped to 62 cents, and there
was a corresponding reduction in the
price of wool, hops and other products
of the farmers. Strange as it may
seem, however, in 1888, when Mr. Har
rison was elected, prices were speedily
advanced to their former level and for
four years the country enjoyed an era
of prosperity greater than It had ever
known before, and this era of pros
perity continued without Interruption
until the evening of that November day
when the votes being counted the wires
flashed the news around the world
that Mr. Cleveland was again elected,
and also a Democratic Senate and
House of Representatives. Before the
sun rose the next morning the country
had passed from a period of un
exampled prosperity to a period of hard
times such as Is seldom visited upon
anv people. Oh, how we longed for
times even such as we had during the
first four years of Mr. Cleveland. I
distinctly remember how my brothers
and I cut cordwood during those years
and hauled It four miles and sold It In
tlfe Salem market for $1.50 per cord
also, how we worked through the Sum
mer's suns and the Winter's storms
and sold our wheat for 31 cents per
bushel, our oats for 18 cents and our
other products In about the same ratio.
Also I remember that there were
hundreds of vigorous men in the coun-
try imploring us almost upon their
bended knees ror a. job or cutting cora
wood at 50 cents per cord and board
themselves. I remember upon a certain
occasion of buying a few sacks of
potatoes at 10 cents a sack and the
other fellow was so glad to make the
sale that he simply told me where to
go to get them, and afterwards asked
me how many I had taken. They
were of such small importance that
he didn't care whether It was hop
sacks full or wheat sacks. The 10
cents for a sack of spuds was, how
ever, in those good old days an item
by no means to be despised. During
those years we could, buy a oetter
horse for $40 than we can now for $200.
In this I speak advisedly. Unfor
tunately few of us could buy at all
because our bank accounts were so
oovertv stricken. A man who had $40
In those days could easily say to his
neighbor: "I am mightier than thou."
also recollect most distinctly how
hops sold for 3 to 4 cents per pound
and I have a faint recollection as to
some being sold by the bale, without
reference to its size for the princely
sum of $1.60 per bale. As to sheep
and hogs, really the most valuable
thins? about them was their gentle
voices. Sheep that sold during the
last year of Harrison's Administra
tion for $3.50 to $4 per head were
offered for sale before the close of the
first year of Mr. Cleveland's last Ad
ministration at from 75 cents to $1
per head. Good dressed pork brought
us 24 cents to 3 cents per pound. Of
course If It wasn't real good we had
to Bell it cheaper. These things con
tinued with little variation until the
Fall elections in 1894, when the wires
brought to Salem, near where I was
living, the news that the new Con
gress was to be overwhelmingly Re
publican. The price of wheat was ad
vanced early the next morning 4 cents
Election - Variety of Subjects
oer bushed. From that time forward
times began to Improve, but It was
not until the election of Mr. McKlnley
In 1896 was an assured fact that the
real era of prosperity began again,
and while our Democratic friends In all
sincerity continue to stoutly main
tain that it was no fault of theirs thai
hard times prevailed during those
fateful years I am not at all inclined
to consider it as a mere coincidence
that times did grow hard when Mr.
Cleveland was first elected, get bette
as soon as Mr. Harrison was elected
and upon Mr. Cleveland's re-election get
so hard as to be almost beyond en
durance, and again get good with the
election of McKlnley and the beginning
of a new prosperity, which has not
ceased at the present moment. -With
business in all departments on a sound
basis, with our flag honored at home
and abroad, with the products of our
farms and workshops bringing to us a
larger return for the energy expended
in ttcir productions than at any period
in our Nation's history, witn tne aver
ace wages of the average man buying
for himself and his family more of the
necessities and luxuries of life than
they ever have done In our own or
In any other land. I submit In all
candor that any change which might
mar those conditions is a dangerous
experiment. As a cold-blooded business
proposition I cannot consent to it.
Either Mr. Taft or Mr. Wilson will be
our next President.. Both of these men
are auite willing . to discuss the
economic questions, but eem disposed
to Ignore those "of a purely moral
nature. The Issues are made up. It Is
not a question as to the qualifications
of the men, but one as to whether the
safe policy of the Republican party
shall be maintained for another fou
years, or whether if shall be set aside
and the visionary policies of that party
which has been weighed in the balance
and found wanting substituted therefor.
I shall vote for Mr. Taft.
Arguments Presented Against Adop
tion of Dire Experiment Here.
- PORTLAND. Oct- 25. (To the Edi
tor.) Thursday evening I spent a short
time at the Bungalow Theater, where
a debate was on between Shields and
U'Ren on single tax. Having limited
time I stood in the crowd In the rear.
My observations deduced a few 'facts
regarding the single tax matter. Those
upholding each side seemed to be out In
force. They went there with minds
made up like adamant, to cheer on
their debater and yell at some quip or
repartee. The followers of the impec
cable U Ren seemed to be either in
the majority or to have the greatest
lung power. A tall young man listen
ing to Shields kept mutterlg, "where
does he get his money from?"
A debate of that kind Is on a par
with a cock fight. Each man had his
bird In the pit and the backers of each
were laying on their money and doing
the coaching. Such debates do not
reach the people who do not know
what single tax is or have made no in
vestigation of it. If these debates are
to be fair and continue it occurs to me
that before preceding, it might be well
to ask all to withdraw who have exam
lned the subject and made their deci
sion, so as to give place to the unin
formed, for the time is short before
The man without a lot on which he
can build a little home seems to want
single tax. as he thinks it will force
somebody to let loose of a vacant lot
for 25 per cent or 50 per cent of what
he paid for It. Then the landless man
who has accomplished this robbery of
the 'man who put In his good money,
will find that the tax demands will so
Increase that he may In time pay out
as much as he robbed the other fellow
of and feel that he also must let go at
a discount, to some other robber! That
Is. if the state does not get the prop
erty for taxes.. In time we may all
work for the state. It Is not a ques
tion now of where Shields or U'Ren
get their expense money. The people
of this state have a vital, fundamental
question, underlying the whole govern
mental system, put up to them square-
lv on the ballot.
The working men will una unaer
slnsrle tax that his boardf lodging, gro
cerles, rent, etc., will cost more it tne
man who owns the land must pay more
taxes. It makes no difference what im
provements are there, the state must
get the revenue from somewhere. The
attempt to saddle taxes on public cor
porations is a misfit, as the people
will pay every cent In the end. The
trouble is, there are too many people
who rely on oratorical jabs and par
ries made glibly and beautifully. Tney
don't know how to think for them
selves, or If they- do they are too lazy
to think and think rightly.
Suffragre Will Quicken Sympathies for
' Universal Need, la Plea.
PORTLAND, Oct. 23. (To the Edi
tor.) I am not ah active worker for
woman's suffrage but my sympathies
are with the many splendid women who
do believe that the ballot for women
will foster the uses of good more than
It will Increase present evils; hence
this work of appreciation for the work
ers in the woman's suffrage movement
and for the movement itself.
Surely there are women who have
brought up their families, kept their
home, done all those things the anti
suffragists require of them, who can
then give the larger talents of rip
ened years to the Interests of human
ity. Again, even the busiest home
makers can maintain homes more Ideal
as the direct result of quickened sym
pathies for the universal needs. She
who would abolish child labor is surely
a better mother for her greatness of
heart toward all little children; she
who concerns herself for the beast of
burden will teach her household more
kindness to all living things; she who
has the heart to help the eight millions
of wage-earning women about her is
for this reason a better sister or daugh
ter or friend. If the women who think
about these things can through the bal
lot, make their influence count for
more and many of them believe they
can why should not the right to vote
be granted them?
To be sure the outcome of equal suf
frage Is largely experimental. The
votes of the unscrupulous and the men
tally lazy stand a good chance of be
ing doubled. But at least there will
be In the field to offset the Ignorant
and the evil vote an army of earnest
women whose Influence for" good must
by Its own vitality continue to grow
and to bear good fruit.
The ideal condition, x without ques
tion, would permit only the wise men
and the wise women to frame our laws.
This is not now possible; but in the
meantime a distinction against all wo
men and an unchallenged vote for all
classes of men is about as far from the
Ideal as It is possible to get.
If the age-long discrimination against
woman Is lifted may not the good In
fluence of the good woman be trusted
to work to a good end? At any rate
plain Justice would permit her to reg
ister her thinking where it can actually
Influence law-making If a man may do
the same. And surely all who look
broadly at present human wrongs,
whether or not they can Just now agree
with all the "suffragette" methods,
must honor the woman who stands for
her right to, help in all these world
wide questions.
Treated Interestingly.
True Conception of Rlaht and Wrong;
Not In Progressive Movement.
PORTLAND, Oct. 26. (To the Ed
itor.) Historians agree in tracing the
main philosophic source of the French
Revolution to a book written by Jean
Jacques Rousseau, termed "The Social
Contract." This book starts out, inno
cently enough to the conceptions of
our .day, with the proposition that the
authority of government depends on
the consent of the people; that the peo
ple are the sources of power. From
this, however, the author goes on to
make a sophistical and fatal leap the
same leap that has been made by tyran
ny everywhere, and the connection be
tween which and the French Revolution
Is obvious.
He assumes that might makes right;
and that, therefore, the people as a
whole are the source of this as well
as of power; that the will of the ma
jority of Itself determines Justice; that
the people acting as a whole cannot
go astray or be corrupted; and that
they have a right to take private prop
erty, and even life, in order to Increase
the public possession and welfare.
Is It not well In these days to point out
the rather startling fact which those
who hope for the stability of our pres
ent form of government cannot regard
without apprehension that large num
bers of our "progressives'." have already
accepted all but the last of these prop
ositions of Rousseau; and also that this
last proposition. Including all the theo
retic conditions leading to the French
Revolution, follow logically upon their
present views? In a few words, It is
easy to show the false basis upon which
these views rest.
It is true that the people should be
the sources of power, but only so far
as by "the people" we mean that
In . them which represents the re
sults of thought, Judgment and ra.
tlonallty. Every Individual Includ
ed In the term "people" has a body
and also a mind. The body Is the
source of nerves, feeling, sympathy and
passion. The mind is the source of
thought, Judgment and rationality. In
private conduct, every man recognizes,
more "" less, the influence coming from
both these sources. A shrewd trader
never accepts a business proposition on
the day that- he receives It; he wants
to sleep over It, af least one night. Nor
does he buy stock on a rising market,
for no other reason than that others
are doing it
He avoids. In every possible way, be
ing led astray by the Influence that
they may have had upon his feelings
and sympathies. He knows that only
when these are, to some extent. Inope
rative, can he trust his own mental
judgments. Mr. Taft, who Is accused
by some of not trusting the people,
merely wants to have government,
which represents men in general, con
ducted according to the same princi
ple as that according to which a single
man acts when he acts wisely. He
wants our people to preserve the checks
upon their own precipitous action that
were planned with statesmanly fore
sight by the founders of our Consti
tution. Notice that those who fail to recog
nize that these checks are derived from
a knowledge of what is necessary to
the successful working of human na
ture, fall to do so, because they have
not recognized a very Important fact,
having to do with the very essence of
what constitutes right and wrong In
individual action. The fact is this:
That mentality, in so far as it is pure
and simple. In so far as it is really di
vorced from the lnfluonce of feeling
and passion. Is always exercised by
men acting Individually, and never by
men acting In masses. In the latter
case they are always influenced more
or less by their bodily nerves by their
feelings, sympathies and passions. All
great reforms, from Christianity down
ward, have started, not with the
masses, but with individuals, like
Buddha. St. Francis, Luther, Wesley.
Wllberforce, Garrison. The voice of
the people is the voice of God so far
only as Individuals, inspired as an
must be from within, obey tne 00
hest of conscience and conviction, ami
go forth to prove to others that that
which has been revealed to them, and
been reasoned out in their own -minds.
Is In accordance with the truth. Not
only so, but institutions that have
been founded by such men, and, at
first, have influenced the world for
good, have almost always deteriorated
when they have come under the con
trol of organizations of people acting
as a whole.
It Is therefore important In every
age to hold tneories 01 ngnt. aim
wrong that shall stimulate tne lnui
vldual to think and act for himself.
It is very easy to show that the Pro
gressive movement is not doing this.
The Progressive platform adopted at
Chicago promises everything that any
body wants, with Hardly one memoa.
In anv case, suggested for attaining it.
Last Summer the majority of the Pro
gressive newspapers found fault with
Mr. Taft because, in vetoing the bill
for the admission of the- State of Ari
zona, he did not subordinate to the will
of the people his own Individual con
science and Judgment which the Con
stitution obligated him to exercise.
Last Summer again, a United fatates
Senator from California declared him
self conscientiously against the same
measure, when submitted to vote; but
he said also and this was before the
election that, as the people seemed to
want It, he would not oppose it.
Can truth and right be furthered
when men are taught, as they are now
by Progressive precept and example.
that this is tne reiaiionsnip mat uugui
to exist between conscience and civic
error, private conviction and public
Several years ago Maine votea Dy
16,000 majority In favor of the green
back craze. James G. Blaine s whole
political future was at stake In the
following election, wnat aia ne 00:
Accept the will of the people, on the
theory that It indicated the right? No.
He went from one end of the state to
the other, telling the people that they
were wrong, and why tney were wrong.
It Is only when statesmen act Ilka
this, and have theories that cause them
to act like this, that rignteousness in a
nation can flourish.
What is true of our statesmen, is
true of all of us. Every man, who
wants to be a man in the nignesi
sense, must be governed more by his
own conscience ana convictions man
by "any influnce from the outside,
which. In the last analysis, means by
any desire, In one form or another, to
be popular. All governments are best
Judged by their effects upon the Indi
vidual citizen. What will De tne ulti
mate effect upon the character of our
people of conceptions that necessarily
undermine the principles that are un
doubtedly most conducive to human
development? Patriotism and religion
ought to combine in an endeavor to
teach something different rrom wnat
both history and philosophy have
proved to be the demoralizing and un
civlllzlng theories of Rousseau.
Income Tax la Favored.
PORTLAND. Oct. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) Why Isn't an Income tax right.
even though it does tax labor? No
man with a salary or less tnan isuuu
would pay any tax. Isn't the contem
plated single tax an effort to postpono
or defeat the coming voto on an
amendment to the United States Con
stitution providing fdr an Income tax?
T. C. LH.W15.