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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX. PORTLAND. AUGUST .4, 1912.
MOTOR TRUCK STEADILY PLOWING ITS WAY ACROSS .CONTINENT WITH LOAD OF MERCHANDISE
UPHELD BY CRITIC
'The Car for You" Is Here
i Three-Forward Speed .Gear
h Box Soon Will Be Obsolete,
" Writes Authority. -
BETTER CONTROL IS URGED
Jdea Xow Prevalent In Europe More
Sl-oglca-l and Destined to Become
.T-' Popular Here, Is Predlc
tlon of W. II. Cameron.
. "It may sound strange when I make
jth prediction that the next radical
3 change in automobile engineering will
e the general adoption of the four
"forward speed transmission," writes W.
iH. Cameron, a prominent member of
.the Society of Automobile Engineers.
"By that I .mean that in my opinion
the four-speed transmission is bound
i to become generally used in all good
American cars. Today it is round m
this country only in the higher-priced
! cars. You can count on the fingers of
; one hand the cars selling under J3000
that now have four speeds forward.
! Abroad, where special reasons have
forced the use of the four-speed trans
; mission in the large majority of cars.
Its advantages are better understood.
"One reason for its use on foreign
cars is the extremely small bore of
cylinders, due to the fact that the tax
is graded by the size of the bore. An
American car of more than four-Inch
bore has little demand in England,
where a bore of three Inches and a
fraction Is generally used with an ex
tremely long stroke, to give the mail
Four-Speed Plan Kconotaleat.
; "X'nder such conditions the four
speed transmission Is positively es-
sential, both to economize the power
t and to gain the required flexibility of
'' control. Its use under these conditions,
"however, only serves to Illustrate the
r actual money-saving In fuel and less
strain upon the machine, as well as the
' advantages In driving which will come
with the widespread adoption of the
four-speed g-jarbox in America. For
the same engineering principles apply
. in our case as in theirs.
"Before passing the point of econ
omy, let me say I believe that the ten
dency in America will be decidedly to
smaller bore. This is due to the fact
that everybody knows gasoline Is be
coming scarcer, and is sure to mount
In vtrtA T thlnlr thA small bore Is
coming, even with the effort to popu
larize the six-cylinder car. The popu
lar six-cylinder car of the future will
be one with about the same piston dis
placement as the standard fours of the
"The four-speed gear box has been
confined to high-priced cars In Amer
ica, primarily because of Its prohib
itive cost. Engineers, and I may say
manufacturers, almost unanimously ad
mit the great advantage of four speeds
over three, but the cost question has
caused the delay until the demand ef
car buyers has become imperative. It
means a complete change of design
more gears wider gear centers a big
C JLJic lion iui t. ii a iiiiyn yj t iiit-ii., i.LH
Advantages Are Manifold.
"The advantages to be gained from it
are certainly so manifest, so great, that
" It Is a question of only months when it
will be generally accepted. And with
our roads, the four-speed transmission
comes to general practice none too soon.
"Motorists e-enerallv realize now that
.the life of a car depends upon its use
and abuse. It does not take a car
owner long to reason to the fact that
making a. car put forth every ounce of
power on frequent grades Is highly
"Learn to control your" car exclu
sively by the gas. as far as possible."
says the instructor in motoring. The
salesman says the same thing to the
beginner who has purchased his car.
Everybody who gives advice on run
ning a car says it, thereby admitting
that something is wrong, or lacking
in -the transmission. Yet everybody
realizes on a moment's reflection that
the transmission Is the logical first
moans for the control of the speed.
. .."Now, it takes long experience and
special aptness I may say genius
for driving to know lust how far to
throttle in regulating a car by gas.
: Few ever learn It perfectly. The driv
er who does it with any degree of skill
knows his car like a heman friend and
brother, and is also guided by some
sixth sense of Intuition.
Fallacy at Gaa Control Cited.
"With the big majority this depend
. ence almost entirely on the gas for
regulating the car Is a matter of guess
Iwork. It Is disastrous not only to the
pocketbook, but in not a few cases to
"It costs money to pull the engine
speed down until the car almost quits
' on high, and then to race the engine
to pick up on second, as is so com
: monly practiced.
"We have grown used to" the sight
of the driver on high gear, killing his
motor at street crossings, streetcar
tracks and railroad tracks, by throt
tling down before he can get his clutch
out. If Instead he slips into third
speed on a proper four-speed transmis
sion, be has a gear ratio which is prac
tically the same as a 4H to 1 rear axle
by having which the car can easily
be throttled down to two or three miles
an hour, and still pick up quickly.
"By this time it should not be neces
sary to explain that the basic purpose
of four-speed transmission is not to
satisfy a mania for more speed. This
was a common error when the four
speed transmission was rare practice.
Driving Blade Easier.
"Four-speed transmission provides an
efficient, feasible and logical control
of the car a control not - based on
guesswork, but upon an accurate,
proved and dependable' gear-box, built
in accordance with universally ac
knowledged mechanical principles, and
In accordance with the best engineering
practice the world over.- It provides
this control without wasting the fuel,
without racing the motor, and conse
quently with far less vibration. It re
lieves the motor of undue strain, es
pecially in taking heavy grades. With
four speeds (the direct drive being on
the fourth), the long sand, stretches,
the heavy mud roads, the miles of axle
deep slush, the hills' and mountains may
be negotiated without fear of punish
ing the motor, in the way that now
works havoc, and shortens by years the
life of the best car built.
"Unless one has actually driven with
a four-speed transmission he does not
know the satisfaction and pleasure
that It adds to driving.
"To those who have not tried It I
would say: Make a test of two cars,
sne with a proper four-speed gear-box,
nd the other with three speeds, both
Saving the same top-gear ratio, and
:hus having the same speed possibili
ties. You will be amazed at the differ
ence in efficiency of control the cer
tainty of having Just the speed you
want when you want it the reduction
of the work of driving. You will never
want to go back to a three-speed trans
mission. "Grade climbing Is one of the prob-
t7 ff rZ' DQ AA - rx Li x V j-w v. X 1
Jr -ssa mfnti itfei'4 S?L
.f-iA A III
Jicjuosznc? Si..'' .-. W1J- ' till il'H
JYixd Sri SVis&sssca
Men vitally, concerned in solving the
transportation problem are watching
closely, the work of the Alco truck
ow on its way across tne continent
with the first consignment of mer
chandise ever shipped by motor truck
to the Pacific Coast. The run is being
made between Philadelphia and San
Francisco. Present road . conditions
make impossible this method of trans
portation, as a general thing, and the
test now In progress is simply to snow
the worth of the modern motor truck
and what it is capable of doing. Thus
far the truck has made fine progress,
road conditions considered, and is
plainly demonstrating that the auto
mobllo of today Is of such Improved
nature as to be fit to cope with any
emergency that may arise.
lems most satlsfactqrlly solved by the
four-speed gear-box. Every motorist
knows that unless he has an engine
which he can depend for a practi
cally unlimited pull, he will find the
inclination of many grades Just a trifle
too much for his top-speed. On such a
grade, with a four-speed gear-box he
can drop to third speed and it takes
his car up like a bird.
"With a three-speed car he has to
drop from top speed to second and he
makes an awful drop in tact, almost
50 tier cent lower than high.
"The same condition Is encountered
'm many roads which are Just a little
too heavy for top speed. The funeral
pace then has to be taken on second
speed, although the car is actually
capable of much better speed on these
"We shall understand the necessity
of the four-speed transmission more
perfectly, if we say that while the
speed ratios of a proper four-speed car
are 1. 2, 3, 4 (the fourth being the
top speed) the speed ratios of a three
speed car are really 1, 2. 4 the gap
between second and high being so
great that there is really no third
speed. So when we put In a four-speed
gear-box we are actually adding a
third speed to the car.
"I have talked to many veteran mo
torists, and they agree with me that
the four-speed gear-box is needed
everywhere, everyday, not only to
climb grades and not only to do away
with unnecessary engine racing, but to
provide a really essential speed, be
tween second and high where the gap1
TRIP IS EAST FOR. MITCHEXIi
Portland-Medford Rnn Sfade in 23
When William Von der Hellen was in
Portland recently he selected a five
passenger four-cylinder Mitchell from
the stock of Mitchell, Lewis & Staver
Company. . On account of the high
freight rate to Medford he decided to
drive his new machine home.
Making the start from Portland he
drove to Cottage-Grove In a day and
porceeded on to Medford the next morn
ing, arriving' there that evening, hav
ing -covered the 3S4 miles In 23 hours'
running time, an average of better
than 15 miles per hour.
Mr. Von der Hellen says the Mitchell
behaved splendidly, .taking most of the
hills on the high , and seeming to be
perfectly at home on the rough roads.
He says the roads between Portland
and Medford were dusty.
ELECTRICITY GAIXIXG FAVOR
Makers leaning Toward Xew Light
ing: Systems, Says Hudson Man.
In another year every automobile
above 31000 will come from the factory
equipped with a self-starter and an
electric lighting system, is the predic
tion of Eugene Bemb, Western repre
sentative of the Hudson. He was in
Portland last week . visiting Neate &
McCarthy, who have the Oregon agency
for the car.
"Electricity is the cheapest, simplest
and most efficient form of lighting an
automobile," declared the Hudson man.
"Take the lighting system on the Hud
son, for Instance. It Is simple, efficient
"Electric headlights are by far the
best. Manufacturers generally realize
this and thpv will fill Via iinlne. thA
electrle system next year, as well as
MEETING OPENS TODAY
PACIFIC HIGHWAY ASSOCIATION
TO DISCUSS ROADS.
Third Convention Attracts Many
Delegates to San Fronclsco,
Business Is Important.
A meeting that promises to be one
of the most important good roads con
ferences ever held In the West will be
opened tomorrow morning In San
Francisco, when delegates to the third
annual convention of the Pacific High
way Association get together at the St.
Francis Hotel. Men prominent in the
good roads movement from Mexico,
California, Oregon, Washington and
British Columbia will participate In the
Samuel Hill, of Portland, will addres.
the delegates Tuesday night. He will
show, by picture and story, the won
derful natural beauty of Western
scenery. He Is a leader in the "See
America first" campaign and takes ad
vantage of every opportunity to dis
play and dilate upon the beauties of
Following is the programme of the
convention In detail:
Monday, August 5 10 A. M., invo
cation. Right Rev. Bishop William Ford
Nichols, of San Francisco; California's
welcome, Lieutenant-Governor A. J.
Wallace (acting Governor In absence
from state of Governor Hiram W. John
son); welcome. Mayor James Rolph,
Jr.; address, "A Transcontinental High
way," John Brisbane Walker, director
of exploitation for the Panama-Pacifto
Exposition committee; appointment of
committee on credentials; appointment
of committee on resolutions. 2 P. M.,
annual report of president; address. A.
B. Fletcher, California State Road En
gineer; report of committee on creden
tials; report of committee on resolu
tions. 4 P. M., bay trip as guests of
Panama-Pacific Exposition committee
to inspect exposition grounds from the
water side. 7:30 P. M., business session.
8 P. M., presentation of first to Mexico
medal and addresses by Chester Law
rence and T. J. Beaudet, with stereop
ticon views; account first to Hazelton
run, with stereopticon views by P. E.
Tuesday,. August 6-r-lO A. M., address.
Hon. Thomas Taylor, Minister of Pub
lic Works, "The Roads of British
Columbia"; address, W. J. Kerr, presi
dent Canadian Highway Association,
The Canadian Highway." 3 P. M.,
business sessslon, committee reports
and short addresses from delegates. 4
P. M automobile tour of exposition
grounds as guests of Panama-Pacific
Exposition committee and San Fran
cisco Motor Car Dealers' Association;
review of United States troops at the
Presidio. 7:30 P. M., business session.
8 . P. M., address, Samuel Hill, with
Wednesday, August 7 10 A. M., ad
dress, Hon J. N. Gillette, ex-Governor
of California; address, J. A. Marsh,
president Motor Car Dealers' Associa
tion of San Francisco, "The Pacific
Highway as a Pacific Coast Asset" (de
ductions from personal experience). 2
P. M., San Mateo County, on behalf of
the State of California, entertains the
members of the Pacific Highway Asso
ciation at a Spanish barbecue at San
Mateo, in celebration of the beginning
of first actual construction work on
new 318,000,000 California state high
way, cars furnished by courtesy of San
Francisco Motor Car Dealers' Associa
tion; informal Jollification; Godspeed.
PATHFINDER TO BE WELCOMED
Band and Motorists Will Escort
Westgard Into Portland.
Royal welcome Is planned for A. A.
Westgard, American Automobile Asso
ciation map maker, who will arrive
here this week. E. E. Gerlinger, Ore
gon distributor for the Pathfinder, the
car In which Westgard is mapping
trans-continental automobile routes,
will escort a party of Portland mo
torists to the Washington line to meet
the noted pathfinder. Gerlinger has
engaged the "Hungry Seven" band to
make Westgard's entry into Portland
Before finishing his present good
roads campaign Westgard will map
three automobile routes across the Con
tinent. All his trip will be made with
a Pathfinder car. On these trans-continental
Journeys Westgard is the field
representative of the Government's
good roads department. He will com
pile valuable data for the officials at
Washington, D. C, and also for the
Three A officials who are fostering the
Federal aid plan.
Westgard will arrive here from Se
attle and will 'proceed on his way to
San Francisco. He will take another
route to New York. His final trip will
be to route the southern passage from
New York to Los Angeles.
High Average Maintained.
. In more than 2000' miles of cross
country going, C. F. Blumberg, In his
"Texas Long Horn" Studebaker E-M-F
"30," averaged 18 miles per gallon of
gasoline and 200 miles per gallon of lu
bricating oil. -J
The Only Popular-Priced, American -Made Car Using
Silent Chains Instead of Timing-Gears
C Roomy, five-passenger body;
Op eCinCatlOnS. Motor, 334-inch bore, 5y2-inch
stroke; Dual ignition; Thermo-Syphon cooling system; Cir
culating Oil system; Silent chain cam and magneto shaft
drive; Double universal joints; Unit Power Plant with
clutch and motor enclosed in single case; 113-inch wheel
'base; Underslung rear springs, giving low body line and
center of gravity; 34-inch wheels; Demountable rims;
equipped with mohair top and envelope, high-class wind
shield, all lamps, self-starter, gasoline pressure system and
complete set of tools. An extremely quiet, smooth-running
and comfortable car.
It's "A YEAR AHEAD." Price, fully equipped, $1525 F.O. B. Portland
Dealers Wanted in All Unoccupied Territory
John Deere Plow Co.
Bast Second and Morrison
Phones: East 1034, B 6125
XASH MADE VICE-PRESIDENT OF
Successful Reign Over Flint Plant
Leads to Supervision of Big Cor
There are things doing in the Buick
domain. Advices have been received
by Manager Mel G. Johnson, of the
Howard Automobile Company, announc
ing the appointment of Charles W.
Nash, vice-president and general man
ager of the Buick Motor Company, to
the office of vice-president or tne uen-
eral Motors Corporation.
The appointment Just made does not
mean that Mr. Nash will relinquish the
management of the Buick Motor Com
pany, which he has held for the past
tvo years. It is simply a recognition
on the part of the General Motors or
ganization of the splendid work he haB
done as manager of the subsidiary
plant in Flint, Mich., and is in line with
the corporation s policy to reward merit
and ability with promotion.
It Dlaces him in a position wnere nis
ability and managerial Judgment, which
have been devoted exclusively in the
past to the extension of the business of
the Buick Motor Company, will now be
used to assist President Neal in carry
lng forward the projects of the big
It is not surprising to those who are
acquainted with the operations of the
Buick Motor Company lor the last two
years that Mr. Nash should have re
ceived the appointment of the General
Motors Corporation. under his man
agement the Buick plant has main
tained its place in the front ranks of
the automobile business and its prod
uct, both in quality and quantity, have
been worthy of the world's biggest au
Within the last year the Buick Motor
Company produced and sold 20,000 cars,
the largest aggregate business for one
year in its history. Not content with
the record for 1912, fir. Nasn has ae-
slgns upon the establishment of ft. new
record for 1913. The factory Is well on
the way of preparation for the product
of 1913 cars and there is. a likelihood
that the production will be increased
about 50 per cent within the coming
LtJRE OP PILOT WHEEL GONE
Beaudet Deserts Road1 for Prosaic
Job at Cadillac Branch.
T. J. Beaudet the man who drove a
Cadillac car down the west coast oi
Mexico through a territory never be
fore reached by a motor car and who
holds many western road records, nas
! rm in i r n-iii n n m ml
given up driving . to become the me
chanical superintendent of the San
Francisco agency of the Cadillac.
Beaudet will take charge at once and
his valuable services will hereafter be
at the disposal of Cadillac owners in
Mr. Beaudet is credited with being
one of the best mechanics in the United
States. He is a French-American who
has grown up with the automobile in
dustry. He worked on the earliest car
and received his education in America's
largest factories. He knows every nut
and bolt in the Cadillac car. Each Sum
mer Mr. Beaudet has spent several
weeks in the Cadillac plant at Detroit,
studying every part of the car and Its
construction. So proficient did he be
come that he was sent out on a lec
Among his recordo as a driver are
the following runs: Oakland to Sac
ramento, San Francisco to Del Monte
and return around the bay and Los An
geles to Santa Barbara. He was also
one of the drivers of the Cadillac that
now holds the San Francisco to Los
ELECTRIC CAR MAPPING ROUTE
Flanders Machine Pathfindlng Way
for Next Glidden Tour.
Gradually the electric car Is widen
ing its scope and gaining the confi
dence of the gasoline men. Last week
a Flanders electric left Detroit to path
find the route of the next Glidden tour,
which will start at the hub of the
automobile Industry and terminate at
New Orleans. This is the first time
that the notable endurance run will
be mapped out by an electric car.
The Flanders car is well equipped
for the gruelling experience. Two
speedometers are placed In front of the
driver's seat. One will be used to check
the other and make accuracy In mile
The car will be on the road at least
three weeks and W. O. Westgard. of
ficial representative of the American
Automobile Association, has a big Job
on his hands making a minute road
map of the entire distance from De
troit to New Orleans. Every school
house, church and distinctive dwelling,
as well as every road crossing, river
and bridge, will be down on the fin
New Goodyenr Branch Opened.
San Francisco's automobile row was
given an added tone of elegance recent
ly, when the magnificent new branch
of the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Com
pany was opened. The two-story build
ing now occupied by the tire concern is
located at the northwest corner of Van
Ness avenue and Butter street. It Is
one of the most handsome structures
along the row.
Marshfleld-Portland Trip Made.
Mr. and Mrs. William Grimes, of
Marshfleld. motored to Portland from
their home town last week. Mr.
Grimes declared on his arrival at the
Cornelius Hotel that the roads, for the
most part, were fairly good. He found
few really bad spots and had no par
ticular difficulty in making the trip.
Packard Agent Returns.
Frank C. Rlggs. distributer for the
Packard, returned yesterday from a six
weeks' trip through the East. He was
accompanied by his family. Mr. Rlggs
toured extensively and spent a few
days at the Packard factory.
The peaiant girls of Runsla sell their hair
for a sum which amounts to less than a
dollar a pound, and their trestes bring $1
or fl5 In th Iyondnn hair mnrket.
Get a Little
You know what it is, don 't you 1
No ! Well see full explanation,
page 6, section 1.
REPUBLIC TIKE CO.
344 Sumside Street
Speed with safety
power with easy control
The Cartercar has speed for the good roads and plenty of power
for the bad with such easy control and comfortable design
that it rides and drives easily at all times.
A tremendous pulling power is provided by the friction trans
mission. It has no gears and is jerkless and noiseless. You also
have any number of speeds controlled with one lever. This
adapts the car especially to country conditions.
The self-starter makes driving very delightful especially for
.ladies. Full floating rear axle, chain-in-oil drire, three strong
brakes and many other features combine to" produce the remark
able Cartercar efficiency.
Five splendid models, touring cars, roadsters and coupes. Priced
at from $1200 to $2100. Let us send you complete information.
CARTERCAR SALES COMPANY
603 Washington Street, Portland, Oregon.
Phones: Main 2320 and A 7207.