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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1911)
Though State Institution Is
SALEM. Or.. Poc Jl. PpclL
Teachlnf of the unfortunate fecbl-
. " . ,""., - h. ..... !
vannd alnc. the Inception of the atate
am) remarkable aucceaa ha a been at
tained In many caaee which had aeemed
I moat bopeleaa when recelred by the
There la a. stronc line of demarcation
between the Insane and the feoble
mlndd. the principal distinction belnc
that the Insane were once well developeJ
mentally or at 1aat ane. while the fee
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If y',-v 'Js-u ..-1? o( IjfJ:
CHICAGO PUBLIC PAYS DEARLY TO
"TIP TRUST" FOR SUNDRY SERVICES
Exposure! of Methods of Medical "Sharks" Startis New .Year's Eve Marked by Scenes of Riotous Pleasure.
Suburban Cities Pay for Refusinf Annexation When It Is Proposed.
BT JOSATHAX PAIJfCR.
CHICAGO. Jan. T. SpeclaL-It is
quits the local fashion now to lift
covers and show Chlcagoans how
they themselves and their c'ty hare been
exploited by thrifty gentlemen of various
and sundry schools of enterprise.
Just at present light Is being let In
on the ways of the "tip trust." the per
sonal injury frauds and the methods em
ployed bv some of ths men engaged In
the practloa of medicine. Ths threa ex
posures ars mads by as many different
publications. Thse exposures Jielp to
explain soma angles of ths cost of living
One ftousso Is ths central figure of ths
"tip trust." Hs Is an Imported cltisen
who used to own and control a large
amount of penury. Now he has a yearly
Income that probably runs from I2&0.000
to liOu.OOO ail of It amassed from tho
tips coaxed by boys from patrons of ho
tels, cafes and theaters.
Liberal Pay Awarded.
Rousso pays liberally for his conces
sions He has mads a study of human
nature and of local conditions and has
figured out a "law of probabilities" that
seeir to be as safs and sans as that
used by the Insurance companies. When
itoniio contracts to pay a single cafe
or hotel from S-itO to flooo a month for
ths privilege of checking bats and over
roats and flirting whlakbrootns over the.
backs of washroom patrons, hs knows
hs Is going to rt bark ths purchase
pries plus a comely bonus.
It Is roughly estimated that on New
Tear's eve alone Rousso's several check
ing plants In ths loop district netted
htm Sw4. That would have paid for
about quart bottles of the Imported
wines consumed on that festal night.
Tips varied In amount from S rents to
lie. the latter sum representing the
largess of tbs man whom ths (juw of
ble-minded are bora In Idiocy or Imbe
cility. Treatment of the Insane Is In
a lara measure nothing more than de
tention and good care, or at the beat
medical and surgical attention. But the
tmtltute for the feeble-mlnaed la a K
)n tht fh- name 1mp ,n
linraua of the Drlnclpal:
From the lowest grade child In the
achool rlaaaea to the hlnheat. erery ef
fort la being made to obtain the beat re
sults, and while we recognise the fact
that for many of the feeble-minded we
can gWe nothing but a good home, we
nerer loae sight of the fact that we are
a school and that first and foremost
stands the Idea of training.
Our school children are separated
soul had made abnormally generous.
One of Rousso's late competitors had
been paying S20 a month for ths check
ing privilege In ons cafe. Rouaso wanted
the plant badly enough to raise tho ants
materially. Ths competitor offered the
proprietor $300 a month, payable In ad
vance, but Rousso outbid him and won.
This transaction la a straw Indicating
ths course and ths strength of ths ei
flus at tips from ths pockets of tho late
diner Into the maw of tho tip magnats.
The man who gets Into a first-class ho
tel dlntng-room or cafs and out again
without paying tribute to the trust is a
wonder. Hs Is not held op by fores of
arms, but It amounts to about ths same
"Sharks" Reap Harvest.
Disclosures of the personal injury
"sharks" go to show that one-fourth of
ths present bonded Indebtedness of ths
City of Chicago haa been absorbed In ths
paymsnt of Judgmenta for personal In
juries sgalnst the city. Ths "shsrks."
who make a Itvsllhood by bleeding the
municipality, usually work In trios the
"plugger" or man who does ths "fram
ing up" after a subject Is found willing
to perjure himself, s lawyer of the
shyster variety, who does not find con
science an essential, and a doctor who Is
ever ready to magnify Injuries, to falsify
about how they were sustained and to
manufacture acars for evidence in court.
Ths plugger usually plies his vocation
In tho foreign colonies where ths sub
Jvcts either do not understand ths grav
ity of their participation In tho frauds
or are not afraid because compatriots
are easily found who will swear to any
thing to mske ths bsslc material for a
suit. By changing his nams and bis
residence the same subject successfully
plays his role over snd over again. He
would not be able to do so In a small
cltr. but In Chicago ths Job Is easy.
Thanks to a mors systematic fight on
Only Two Years Old Work
Into three well-defined grades: Kinder
garten, primary and Intermediate, class
ified very much like the children In the
lower grades of the public schools. No
child Is In the schoolroom more than
three hours each day. The rest of tho
school day Is devoted to Industrial train
ing, gymnasium work, singing classes
and outdoor recreation, thus securing
change and variety.
-As a class, the feeble-minded sre
weak In concentration, will power and
memory. Bo In our teaching we try to
be simple and practical. The child must
be made to do. to see, to touch, before
he can remember and think. The kin
dergarten, with Its attractive occupa
tions and sense gwmes. is the Important
tho personal injury leeches the average
ii.Hm-n in .n .tar, Vin. been reduced
so that It is now about 12 per cent of
what It was in isou. ai prwom mens
are only S7 personal Injury suits pend
ing .niiut Vi oitv. Thin compares with
ZsTt six years ago and 1287 three years
Medicine Graft Exposed.
Professional graft in the practice of
medicine Is the third subject on which
Interesting light Is being thrown. Tho
more conscientious physicians, who be
lieve their calling Is only second to that
of tho clergy in the sacredness of its
ministry to ths people, are aiding In the
Hers Is the way soms "medical graft
ers" work their game: A patient la suf
fering with an ailment that a very sim
ple remedy, like soda and lemon, would
curs. Tho dootor to whom the sufferor
applies Is ordered to a hospital In which
he Is Interested as a graft sharer. At
the hospital "a noted diagnostician"
looks over the victim, sssumes a grave
air and announces an operation Is Imper
ative to save the patient's life. The fee
for thst usslly Is $100.
But In advance sf the carving there
are other things. A nurse Is employed
to help put ths patient In shape. Ar
rangements are mads for the payment
of the legitimate operating-room fee
and other necessary attendants. Rela
tives are barred out and another nurse
Is employed for emergencies. . Ths op
sration Is performed and ths anxious
family la advlaed In high-sounding
Latin terms that there was not enough
gastric Jules to go around. If the
carved victim pulls through the ordeal
In ths opsratlng-room hs la Instructed
to take a certain kind of medicine for
months after and to have the prescrip
tions filled at a drug store. "In whose
drugs." says the doctor. "I have the
greatest confidence." This prescription
Is quite likely to be soda and water, ,
Accomplished Is Wonderful.
beginning of our school work. Our
kindergarten class last year was com
posed of IB boys and 10 girls, all of an
age that most readily respond to train
ing. , .
"Our children love training and the
half hour In the singing class is the
happiest period of the day. TVe find
they learn good music Just as readily
they catch rag-time airs;, so our
songs are well-selected and surprise the
"The past year has been a good be
ginning In the Industrial department.
One efficient teacher alternated the work
with the boys and girls. No child worked
more than two hours. The net work,
basketry, plain sewing, mending, darn
ing and embroidery were all taught with
"The 'manual training does not stop
with the schoolroom proper, but reaches
through all departments. Every attend
ant and employe has the training spirit
and patiently, carefully shows the boys
and girls how to make beds, wash dishes,
polish floors, iron and help In the gar
dan and orchards.
"Our entertainments have been simple
but thoroughly enjoyed by the children.
for which the charge Is $1.25 for the
first filling and 80 cents for each fill
ing thereafter. Almost Invariably the
drug store specified Is below the office
of the doctor or In the same block.
Abuses Are Admitted.
Reputable physicians of Chicago are
divided as to the extent of the fraudu
lent practices In the profession here,
but nearly all admit that there are
many abuses such as fee splitting, fake
diagnosing, unnecessary dosing with
medicines and the like.
They are moving Into the new City
Hall the army of 3878 city employes
who will make up the population of
that municipal structure now aJmost
completed. The visitor from . down
state and from "Ioway" reckons the
merged Courthouse and City Hall, cov
ering a full block, is some building,
and so does his urban brother, for that
matter. The floor space of the twin
'structures Is about 24 acres. To give
an idea of what this space means. It
the building were spread out bunga
low fashion with one floor. It would
cover an area a mile long and 200 feet
The City Hall proper Is equipped
with 750 telephones operated from 25
branch exchange switchboards. There
are 150 bells and annunciators. In a
sub-basement. W feet below the street
level, are the boiler plants and 10 feet
below this level Is the tunnel for tak
ing In coal from the freight subway
and for removing ashes. Presently the
Courthouse and City Hall square will
be the "light center" of Chicago at
night. On nearly all sides It will ba
hedged about with the gaieties of the
theater district, thus helping to draw
the evening promenaders from State
street and Michigan avenue.
New Year Scenes Sad.
Celebration of New Tear's evs was
marked by contraata that made men
think. Common grief over Chicago's
24 lost firemen, called to memory by
tho police orders of Chief Steward,
made the street scenes somewhat mora,
subdued than hitherto, but for all that
there was gaiety enough to tell sadly
how soon the public forgets. While
the carnival apirit ruled in State street
and on the "rlalto" 24 households far
from the lights and ths laughing were
thinking of the sleepers who -went to
their deaths with their boots on, out 1
JANUARY 8, 1011.
Fourth of July, Halloween, Christmas
and other holidays each had a special
programme. The weekly dance Is a
regular feature of the school. Its edu
cational value Is apparent and our boys
and girls never tire of It.
"Sunday school is held every Sunday
morning and occasionally we have an
afternoon service with some visiting
minister In charge."
Such is the work of the school as
summed up briefly to furnish some Idea
of what is being accomplished among
these mentally deficient.
The inmates range from the slightly
defective to the Idiotic. In many cases
they are prone to Illness because of their
Inability properly to care for themselves
and this evil Is "remedied as far as pos
sible by constant care and attention.
Among the inmates are 32 epileptics
who are given steady treatment and the
physician In charge states that in a
large majority of cases marked Improve
ment Is apparent.
The school Is located on one of the
most beautiful sites In the vicinity of
Salem. W. H. Bickers Is superintend
ent, and has had chage of it since the
state first decided to care for this class
of congenital unfortunates.
of loyalty to this same carefree, noisy,
In the streets where the festival ran
to Its exuberant limit the tin horn and
the liquor flask were the things. While
the roysterers cried their uncomely Joy
and Jostled their neighbors,, members of
the Gideons passed through these same
streets carrying great packages of
Bibles to be distributed in the hotels.
Some 6000 copies of the Holy Writ were
left In the rooms. Jesters made sport
of the distributors, but the Jesting re
acted on themselves and the work went
on to a Jarring accompaniment of rib
aldry and obscenity.
Poverty Is Abroad.
While the ball of the Socialists was
in progress at the Coliseum with Its
"girl In red" as the ne plus ultra of
Jollity, a thinly-clad little girl of 10,
shawl over her head and huge basket
on her arm, stood beside the door out
side, shivering in the cold wind. Her
mother had sent her to see what she
could get for the hungry family at
home. Her father had died on Christ
mas day. She was looking for the
Volunteers. Never before had fate made
her a beggar. She could not stand it,
and when a policeman offered to help
she ran away, her basket empty. This
little girl did not know that 23.000
bottles of champagne, costing nearly
$100,000, had been drunk or spilled on
costly gowns that night.
In the mansion of a North Side mil
lionaire, a baby was born New Year's
eve. In St. Luke s Hospital In the
same hour Samuel C. Hough, once
wealthy and far-famed as a railroad
man, died. He had been picked up from
the sidewalk the dav, before, dying.
Once the Joys of New Year meant much
to him, but death took his wife, a
daughter was burned to death and an
other daughter, under the stress of
trouble, had become Insane. These
things were more than Hough could
bear. The tension broke and drink
did the rest. The tin horns of New
Year's eve sounded his requiem.
Bible Circulation Large.
Dr. John Timothy Stone, pastor of the
Fourth Presbyterian Church, made some
interesting comments snent the distribu
tion of Bibles by the Gideons among the
"About 133 years ago." said Dr. Stone,
' Offer the Cheapest Form
On 250 Watt Size for
Short Time Only
Portland Railway, Light
& Power Company
Alder Street at Seventh Street
'Voltaire said that within a century th
T(wi Ka a rwcrnt f r Tirvolr. Th
DIUIC vv VU 1VJ sjw -- fjww.. " '
book then was1 printed in 30 languages.
By 1877 100 languages had been created
simply that the Bible might be printed
in mii nA,r form. T mean such lan
guages as never had expression by means
hols. " Now the annual
One Chicago hotel manager reiusea to
only as additional dust-catchers. An-
Y. rtaA , Vl HMentlH flWST On the
IIUQ. 1. U 1 11' V. " - - -
plea that It furnished the good book to
any of Its patrons who mignt as ior iu
Throughout this country 50,000 hotel
rooms are now provided with Bibles.
Home friends of Secretary and Mrs.
Franklin MacVeagh were deeply interest-
. .1.- , m tt'si u H I ti t-f nn that
(" (1 JJI Hie 1ICND lll'l'l ' ' ' ' " O
Mrs. MacVeagh had built for her dis
tinguished husband, witnout nis koowi
edge, a beautiful home in the Natlon'i
unitoi on nwnmA U for T)leasant llv
lng. They felt a thrill of pride when
Secretary MacVeagh, manning me who
for the surprise, declared he would love
the new home, but that when his serv
ices were no longer wished In Washing
ton he would Insist on returning to Chi
cago to live.
'1 will never live anywnere oui m v-u-
cago," he Is quoted as saying. inai
must be completely understood."
Wife Conceals Present.
Rome of the, rooms in the Washington
home are replicas of spacious quarters
in the Macveagn nome in me ouv.o
drive here. This is true of the drawing
room, music-room and l'brary. In perpe
trating her surprise Mrs. MacVeagh had
the valuable assistance of Mrs. ju. a.
Henderson, long noted for the exquisite
..-iif-,, n her dinners in Washington.
Mrs. Henderson once was famous for the
gustatory glories of ner wine ceiiar, dui
she la now a tee-totaler and a vegetarian.
t-..-i . hiiiMlnv the MacVeaeh home
... i.r.Hiti to Mrs. Henderson an ef
fective shield, since Mrs. Henderson has
built more than one house In tho capital.
Suburban Town Pays Dearly.
it -heirins to look as If the work lu
turning' on the suburban towns which
have repeatedly refused by the ballotbox
method to annex themselves to Chicago,
Evanston, Oak Park. Maywood and sev
eral other cltfes and towns have rejected
overtures to come In and be part of the
city. Nor were they very polite about
the refusal and the causes therefor.
Evanston did not care, thank you, to ba
part and parcel of a city that tolerated
saloons. It would muoh prefer to take
its chances with the Assessor aid tax
collector right at home- After lhv.s ex-
nressina- its contempt for Its big neigh
hor. Rvanston had the nerve to ask for a
$1,000,000 drainage ditch as a New Year's
gift from the sanitary oisirici. n us
plea had been accepted Chicago would
have said most of the bill.
Something happened the other day that
put the shoe on the other root. By a
court adjustment of one traction tangle
all the streetcar lines outside the city
limits In the contiguous suburbs and be
yond came under control of the County
Traction Company. On the very day the
arrangement became effective the city
company, where l'nes lead out toward
Evanston, Oak Park, River Forest, May
wood, Forest' Park, Riverside, Cicero
and Berwyn, tore up the tracks and an
nounced that thereafter the companies
would carry no passengers beyond the
municipal boundary lines. In accordance
with tho terms of the ordinance of 1907
they were within their legal rights.
As a result of this coup the suburban,
itos now ride to the city limits on one
line, leave the car, stand In the open un
til a city car -.omes along, board the
second car, pay a second fare and finally
get down town. All this would have been
obviated if the suburbs had voted for an
nexation. Alderman Foreman, one of the
traction experts, expressed the opinion
that Chicago did not owe as much to the
exclusive suburbanites as they seemed to
think was due them.
Chicago probably will Induce the city
traction companies to be magnanimous
to her neighbors, but the situation is one
which Is likely to hapten a general move
ment toward annexation. "And why
not?" asks the average resident of ths
New York Times.
The farm la runnln' down, they say Ifi
hard on ruin now;
The medders full of unmaked hay un-
pruned each apple bough.
Tha fence la down, the roof unthatched th
yard la littered o'ei
The limp --gate wings alt day unlatched
unpainted la tha door.
The farm ii runnln' down, they say, an'
well I know It's true,
Tet I set lookln' 'croa ther way tew where
the akies are blue.
I'm old an' broken, like ther farm ther"!
no warm blood within
The old place needs a strong young arm
tew make It thrive ag'ln!
I 'et an' look aoroae ther hllla tew where
ther smoke clouds He,
An' now an' then my old heart thrills an'
teardrops fill my eye.
They've gone away long years ago, the
boy that was my pride.
An' she, that angel here below, my old
time wife an' brldel
She Ilea down yender Dy ther stream that's
why I tay an' stay
Tew watch the bright blue sky. an' dream
an' Idle all ther day.
The other drifted with ther cloud an' now
ther amoke grows dim
Taint wise tew speak my thoughts aloud of
either her nor him!
The farm is runnln' down, they say, an
well. I'll let It go!
An old man with hl wits astray kin neithei
plant nor hoe!
I'm old an" baoken, like ther farm; thai-!
only death within: .
The old place needs a strong young arm te
make it thrive nir'ln!
Red, rough hands on retiring
usually become soft, white
hands on rising through this
simple and economical "one
night" treatment: Bathe and
soak the hands on retiring,
in a strong, hot lather of
Cuticura Soap. Dry and
anoint freely with Cuticura
Ointment, and wear during
the night old, loose gloves, or
a light bandage to protect the
clothing. Most effective for
chapped, itching, burning
and bleeding hands.
Send to Potter Drug Chrm. Corp.. Bee
ton, tor tree book on care of the skin.