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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 25, 1910)
TirC SUNDAY OREOOXTAX, PCmTXAXrV, DECEFBER 23, 191 Q.
OF NEW TAX
PACinO XTNTVXESITY DEBATERS WILL COTiTF.ST
Correct Attire for New Years
Amendment Is "Ambiguous,
Dangerous, Vicious," Say
Eastern Bond Buyers.
CAPITAL IS DRIVEN AWAY
r . j' ' '. '
Former Eager Clients Hold Back,
Saylnc System Is Drastic, TJnllm
lied, Cncertaln, Tnder Which
Investment Is Perilous.
SALEM. Or, Deo. 24. (Special.)
Insistent questions from Eastern bond-
bayers and attorneys throw light on
tbe county tax amendment and Indlcata
It will drive capita! out of the state. j
Immediately arter the election came ,
a flood of requests for copies of the
new tax law from concerns Interested
In la rite bond purchases, particularly
"Ambiguous." "dangerous." "vicious."
are expressions used, and some declare
the amendment will drive capital away
and keep bonding cbmpanlea In a con-
dltlon of unrest concerning; this class
of Oregon securities.
The tax amendment, say Eastern
men. Is drastic, unlimited, uncertain,
and they deem many objections almost
The amendment, the critics com
plain, makes It possible for the people
to establish a system of special taxa
tion on certain specific classes of prop
erty without respect to any other
classes of property. This power causes
bondbuyers to pause. They see a
chance to change rood security Into
worthless paper. For example, sec
tlons where bonds are Issued for Irrl
nation projects, the people can Impose
an almost prohibitive tax and render
the bonds worthless.
This fear extends to municipal water
Dlanta and public utilities which float
bonds for Improvement and for main
tenance of these bonds, and to rail
roads, telephone companlea and all
other corporations which might Issue
bonds to extend lines and Improve
Secretary of State Benson Is not only
receiving such letters, but In some in
stances buyers have balked on pur
chasing bonds, which, prior to the re
cent election, they considered "gilt
edged." This fact, coupled with James
J. Hill's alleged hesitation, together
with warnings from capitalists who
save varlea Interests, have worried
many people here, and It Is predicted
there will be a great change In the
tmx svstem at the first opportunity.
It Is asserted the TOters were In
veigled Into favoring the amendment
by the misleading first sentence of the
MIL which Indicated t!-.e amendment
would abolish head tax and poll tax.
Sentiment now expressed Indicates
the amendment will soon be repealed,
and there Is talk of referendum tax
It will be neceesarr to refer, as the
amendment takes taxation of all kinds
out of the hands of the legislators and
places It entirely In the hands of the
people, the Legislature being merely
an advisory body In this respect.
It is apparent that attorneys now
seek ways and means of relief from the
revolutionary provisions of the amend
ment. OKANOGAN NEEDS NO CATS
Loral Sapply Is Alleged Enough.
Appeals Are Joke.
SPOKANE. Wuh, Dae. II- (Spe
cial. Okanogan County newspaper
sleuths have been vainly endeavoring
t ran down Albert E. Randall, who Is
sending appeals to Los Angeles. Cat.
Scran ton. Pa., and elsewhere for cats
In consignments of 10.000 or more for
the purpose, the appeal says, of clean
ing out gophers infesting Okanogan,
OrovlUe correspond -rt s say the story
Is a Joke. Molson and Xlghthawk. also
la Okanogan County, are unable to
find the cat man. A butcher who trav
els the country round peddling saus
ages and rabbits, also beefsteak, says
he has hesrd of no on wanting cats,
and ought to know.
It ears, therefore, that the cat
papulation of Okanogan County must
depend upon the natural Increase,
which Is amply sufficient to supply all
GEN. NAVARRO SURRENDERS
iCartttnaed From ylrst Pare.)
were released. The Insurrectos. 75
strong, under command of Captain Prax
oedes Otierrero. of Los Angeles, mounted
their forces and rode In tbe direction of
The men made their way north until
they met a worktrain sent out from
Jnares, They declare that they were
RETT GEES SUTTER ACUTELY
- - - - - Smi. Inl h T... U,k
lng Life Unendurable.
EAGLE PA33. Ttx Dec. . Official
reports disclose considerable suffering In
Presidio County along the Klo Grande
frontier TS miles from the raUroad. Not
less than T'.v refugees, chiefly mrwi and
children, have recently crossed ti e rtver
r..- uttM tn t M aide at Presidio
- - - - -
and ether points, existence on the other
side being unendurable owing to the
ac'-lre presence or so.aiers ana rerau
tion'sta It Is said.
Tbe mining tows ef Staffer has made
up a pars hict will Last about a week.
Neutrality Laws Violated.
EL PA.X Tex. Dec. Zi The State
Department haa called upon Alfred C.
hharpe. commander at Fort Bliss: A
L, Sharps, Coilecter of Customs here,
and D. Edwards. Consul at Juarez, for
a complete report of tbe Mexican dis
turbances along the border. It la stat
ed complaints reached Washington
that tbe neutrality laws have been
violated In a number of Instances and
an Investlrstlon was ordered.
Eccto Leads Raid on roolroom.
CODEN. Utah. lee. ;. ?re.-!aL L R.
Rrelea, general superintendent of the
Ams rratd ur Comrsry and son
nf Lavid F.celr. roal:l-mll.tona!re sugar
it - -.., - . -....I I
, t 4 . . . 1.
rau.lrg the arrest of two
aire of Utah, tela
n accused of etralirg wire service on
the races from Eccles' poolrooia.
Oswrwo Ctrl Harries Kcntncklan.
VANCOUVER- Wsh Dee. 54 ?r
etatr James V. Cente-a, of Irvine Ky
and iif Gladys V. Nelson, of Oswego.
Or., ware ssarrled, here today.
Iy- . .... v. TV f 1 ' ' i"
''1 imr . . : .v- v , ; -: 5 I
r .,.. u.,c H. (Special.) Leslie I Hope and Clifford
Rogers will endeavor to uphold the de bating honors of Pacific University on
January 13 against the University of Idaho team, the topic being: "Resolved.
That the old sge pension bill of Great Britain Is inexpedient." The same
evening Ralph Abraham and C E. Ward will support the negative of this
argument against an Idaho team at Moscow.
TAX UW 0EPL0RE0
LAWMAKERS GIVEN THRUST
Constitutional Amendments Crged,
Nothing Sew or Novel, but Meas
ures Which Stood Test of
Time and Higher Co arts.
OLTMPIA. Wash.. Dee. !4. (8peclaL)
Constitutional amendments of tax laws
ara discussed by the State Tax Commis
sion In Its snnusl report to the Legis
lature. The Commission states the lsw Is cum
bersome. Inadequate and unjust. The
Commission does not trust the Legisla
ture, but would prohibit the lawmakers
from exempting from taxation anything
or any person, from making any perman
ent exemption, from discriminating be
tween persons or property similarly sit
uated, from imposing any tax for the
benefit of any private or corporate In
terest, from taxing public property and
would prohibit taxation of Government
proporty. property supported by public
contributions not owned or operated for
profit, and would prohibit the spending
of public money except for strictly pub
lic purposes. The latter restriction Is
cot In the constitution.
The Commission declares:
"Compared with states and countries
that have abandoned the general prop
erty tax. to which we are still confined,
our system Is crude, unjust, unfair and
serious hindrance to tbe Industrial,
commercial and agricultural develop
ment of the state."
Concerning the Washington svstem the
The many evils growing out or it
have been felt its Inability to compre
hend modern business and Industrial
conditions and to adequately tax new
forms of wealth brought Into being and
the Injustice It has inflicted upon the
owner of common forms of property
has been universally recognised and It
has been abondoned throughout the
cUillzed world except In a few American
states, and Is only retained in those
states confined to Its use by unwise and
unjust constitutional restrictions. The
best, fairest and most popular systems
of taxation employed in the United
States todsy are found In the states
whose constitutions are either free from
any provisions upon the subject of tax
ation whatsover. or which are sufficient
ly liberal to permit legislative freedom
In the enactment of laws."
The Commission recommend nothing
new, novel or untried, but "would sug
gest' the enactment of only such meas
ures ss have stood the test of time and
the courts; that have proven wise and
beneficent: that have assisted m tbe up
building and development of the ststes
where they are employed and that are
popular with the people because they
have substituted fairness for Inequality
prwnt constitutional restraints, would
fnJess. however, and the Commls-
Such recommendations, owing to
tton can only urge tbe submission ot
constitutional smendments that will per
mit the State of Washington to move up
In line with other progressive states by
granting Its legislative freedom to enact
laws m sccord with the fcest thought
snd happiest experiences."
AVIATOR THRILLS CROWD
china, a b'g double propeller biplane,
back to the stand.
Weather Is Favorable.
Favorable weather conditions brought
out practically all the tried machines on
the field. At one time there were seven
aeroplanes In the air. and the aviators;
Intent on stirring excitement snd thrill
ing the spectator, dipped and dove and
frrouently came so clos tl-st they wars
In Imminent danger of collision.
As a matter of awatlon history, the
, , . rlei,.
between the work done at the first In
ternational me-t here last January and
that of the present, v'rtually marks the
progretw made In aviation during ths
TT.e foi;owlng aviators are scheduled
to take prt:
CurUae team Glenn H- Curtiss, Charles
F. TVUlard. Lincoln Beachey and Bugena
Wright team Walter Brooklns, Arch ,n order that the science may be ad
Hoxsey snd P O Parraalee j vanced from a nautical standpoint, and
Hubert Latham.' France; James Red- ; that experts may be given a correct
ley England. I understanding of the conditions and
A number of amateur aviators are en- . problems, which are of special import-
tered for the mt.
Parmalee wae brought out to take the
place In the Wright team, vacated when
Ralph Johnstone was killed at Denver a
few weeks ago.
An elaborate system of code signals,
di5played on huge signboards, kept the
crowds informed as to events and re
sults). The altitude prize, one of the largest
two offered for the present meet, is
CM), and any aviator who makes more
than one such height record will re
ceive JlvOO additional. The other COCO
prize Is for a new speed record. Both
prizes will be awarded at the end of
the meet on January S. Each day cash
prizes will be awarded for the best
performances In each division of the
XAVAIi AEROPLANES DESIRED
Officer. Says Cruisers Should Be
Equipped With Machines.
WASHINGTON, Deo. H. Two aero
planes, or at least one two-seated ma
chine should constitute part of the
equipment of each scout cruiser of the
United 8tates Navy. This recommenda
tion Is made In s report to Secretary
Meyer by Captain Washington Chambers,
who was delegated by the Secretary to
study the possibility of the aeroplane In
"A type of aeroplane especially adapted
to the Navy Service la yet to be de
veloped." says Captain Chambers. "For
this reason 1 recommend the Immediate
purchase of only such of the existing
aeroplanes as are needed for the tenta
tive and progressive Instruction of our
personnel In their use."
Aeroplanes In the Navy, in the opin
ion of Captain Chambers, should be
plsced In the same category as boats
and be acquired . in like manner, as
equipped. The subject of aviation
should be mastered by members of the
Naval Service, says Captain Chambers,
PlONTT.lt fvETTLER OF WASCO
COCSTT. Tit TIM OF STROKB
OF APOPLEXT. -
Mrs. Ledeaaa Hays.
THS DALLES. Or.. Dec .
Special. Mrs. Loderoa Maya, wife
ef the late Robert Msya one of the
pioneer settlers ef Wasco County,
diss at her borne In this city from a
stroke of apoplexy this week.
Ledsma Fowler was bora In Ed
wards Coanty. Illinois, September 19.
1833, and In ISiS she was united la
marrtag to Robert Maya They ar
rived at The Dalles In September.
1622. and went on down the Colum
bia River to Portland at once by
raft, camples on the present site of
the Olds, Wertman Ring stare.
Later they settled at Long Tom.
asar Eugene, where they took bp
claims. In 1S9 they came to Was
c Covntv. bringing with then SO
head ef cattle, the nucleus of the
immense stock holdings ef the Maya
later. Ta Isrt they moved te The
Dalles, where Mr. Mays death oc
curred la IWx. ElKbt children, bora
to Mr. and Mrs. Mays, are living:
Beaton and Ore. at. The Dalles;
pierce. Edwla and Mrs. L. E. Crewe,
Portland; Mrs. A. R. Thompson, Los
Ai-geles: Polk Mars resides at Jo
seph and Robert Mays at Edmoatos,
anc lo lne avy.
being able to rely, to a certain extent,
upon the United States Aeronautical
Reserve for trained aviators, many of
them equipped with aeroplanes to ex
pand our resources In emergency.
"But It would be folly to depend en
I tlrely upon this cause and for that rea
son we urge the training of the navy
personnel in aeronauts.
"On the Pacific Coast," the reports
continue In this connection, "suitable
facilities probably could be found near
the coaling station at San Diego."
In order that the naval arm may keep
abreast of the progress of the aviaton.
Captain Chambers recommends that an
"Office of Naval Aeronautics," be es
tablished In the Navy Department to be
composed of the representatives of the
bureaus of construction and repair,
steam engineer, navigation and ord
nance, all of which are concerned in
the development of aviation in the
Navy. This board would be charged
with the resDonslblllty of studying the
aerial problem In Its every detail from
the viewpoint of the Navy to the end
that the aeroplane may be perfected for
BARKIER ASCENDS IS0 FEET
Frenchman Sets Altitude Record in
New Orleans Flight.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. it. In estab
lishing the first local altitude record
of 6130 feet this afternoon in the open
ing day of the ten days' aviation meet
here, Rene Barrier, the French Aviator
In a Blerlot monoplane flew out over
the business district.
This made the second cross-city
flight of the day, John B. Molssant
having flown for 48 minutes 10 seconds
this morning. He traveled 35 miles and
established what Is claimed to be a
world's duration record for cross city
flights. He ascended 4000 feet.
Rene Barrier flew twice over Lake
He, Molssant and Rene Simon, In
monoplanes, made several flights, while
Charles K. Hamilton in bis biplane
made the first flight he has attempted
since his accident at Memphis.
The most successful flight was that
of Molssant In the morning, when, un
known to his teammates and unan
nounced, he circled over the business
OHIOAN TO HELP BALLINGER
Ctrml A- Thompson, Former Coal
Miner, Accepts Offer of Taft.
COLUMBUS. Or.. Dec. 14. Secretary
of State Carml A. Thompson, whose
home is at Ironton, Ohio, today an
nounced his acceptance of ths post of
Assistant Secretary of the Interior.
The place was offered him some time
ago by President Taft.
Many years ago he was a coal miner.
Gladstone Totes Incorporation.
GLADSTONE. Or- Deo. f4. (Spe
cial.) Gladstone today voted on the
proposition to Incorporate. There were
9 votes cast In favor of the measure,
36 against it. The following officers
were elected: Mayor, W. E. Freytag;
Recorder. William Hammond; Marshal,
A. F. Parker; Treasurer. J. K. Par
bee. The following Aldermen were also
chosen: F. F. Baker, C. A. Baxter. F.
A. Burgln, T. C. Hall, Benton Vedder,
G. P. Williams.
Cattle-Shippers Sne Railroad.
Accusing the Southern Pacific Com
pany of carelessness in transporting
cattle. Hunt & Lacey have sued the
railroad -for $2173.58 damages. It is
alleged that due to unnecessary de- j
lays, crowding and poor accommoda-1
tlons, one steer was killed in a trip
from Gazelle, Cal.. . to Ashland. Or, :
and that many animals In the 24-carload ;
shipment were not as saiaoie as waen
turned over to the railroad company.
Clark Leaves Burlington Road.
CHICAGO, Dec. J4. F. H. Clark, gen
eral superintendent of motive power
ef the Chicago. Burlington ft Quincy
Railroad Company, has resigned, ac
cording to an announcement made hers
today. Mr. Clark has accepted a slml
i.. nnsttinn with the Baltimore A
Ohio Railway Company. He will be sue- j
ceerled by F. A. Torrey
MALCOLM In this cltv, December 24.
Daniel Malcolm, aged SO years, ancle of
Mr, a. M- Hill, of Su Johns. Or. Re
mains at eeller-Byraes Cempeny's par
lora. Funeral announcement later.
C0KS1 PLAN ON
ECGEXE TO SEEK LIGHT AND
WATER BOARD IN APRIL.
Proposed Amendments at fjomlng
Election Ask More Accurate Sys
tem of Accounting.
EUGENE, Or., Dec. 24. (Special.)
Two Initiative petitions providing for
amendments to the city charter have
been filed witn the City Council, and
will be submitted to the voters at the
next municipal election In April. The
proposed amendments provide for a
light and water commission, which
shall be Independent of the City Coun
cil, and for a more accurate and com
plete system of municipal accounting.
As a result of a strong movement
for the adoption of a commission plan
of government, the City Council on
December S adopted a resolution invit
ing citizens and organizations work
ing along this line to draft and submit
forms of charter for the commission
plan, with a view of submitting ths
same to a vote of ths people.
A new organization, known as the
Municipal League, took the matter In
hand, and a committee was appointed
to draw up a charter along the lines
suggested. The committee, however,
while favoring the plan, felt that it
did not have sufficient time to frame
a complete charter, but submitted to
the league Instead two amendments to
the present oharter which, if adopted,
will fit into any commission form ot
government that may be adopted later.
Initiative petitions for tha two pro
posed amendments were circulated and
filed last Thursday with the City Re
corder, and the same evening pre
sented to the Council. The Council,
however, took no action on the peti
tions, and expressed regret that the
citizens had not taken advantage of
the invitation of the Council to sub
mit drafts for a commission form of
The Council felt that ths petitions
for charter amendments, which were
submitted, were not in line with its
request, and it accordingly directed
that a copy of the resolution of De
cember S be published in the papers,
urging the people of the city and In
terested organizations to submit their
As there Is a growing sentiment In
favor of a commission plan, it Is prob
able that a draft for a proposed char
ter will be submitted to the Council
at an early date.
New Dairy Laws Asked.
SALEM. Or.. Dec. S4. (Special.)
Dairy legislation that will be asked at
h earning session of the Legislature
r oremosx wui De a move
is iBKing -
With the happy thought of Christmas at hand, it surely
gives us great pleasure to express our thanks and appreciation
to the people of Portland for their patronage and confidence
given us during the past year.
With best wishes to you and yours at this and every
M. J. WALSH CO.
22 Tuxedo Suits
Fabric and Design
311 Morrison, Opposite Postof fice
Store Closed Tomorrow - Monday
to flsrht bovine tubereulosiB. It will also
be urged that an appropriation be made
to establish and equip a building at the
Oregon Agricultural College to be usi
exclusively for df.iry instruction ana t
With reference to the movement
against tuberculosis, a law will be asked
in which it will bo provided that the
owner of tubercular cattle shall be re
imbursed for cattle killed. It will also
be asked that the owner of dairy cattle
be required to submit his animals to a
tuberculin test, but it will not be asked
that this test extend to all cattle.
Three additional dairy instructors will
also be asked. There is talk of a bill
to amend the law relating to short
The dairy legislation as proposed will
be largely along the lines of the rec
ommendations made by the Oregon State
Dairy Association at Its meeting in E.u
aene recently, and it will fall to Repre
sentative Abrams, of Marlon County, to
Introduce the bills, as he la also presi
dent of the State Dairy Association.
NEW POWIRS PROPOSED
SERVICE OF BOARD OF AGRICUL
TURE MAT BE EXTENDED.
Abrams' Idea Is to Duplicate on State
Scale "Tama Jim" Wilson's
SALEM, Or., Dec 84. (Special.) Plans
to establish a new State Board of Agri
culture, modeled after the Federal De
partment of Agriculture, will figure large
ly In a bill introduced into the Legisla
ture Ty Representative Abrams, of Ma
The proposed board will transact the
duties of the present board, with a wider
scope for its activities.
A permanent secretary at the Capitol, a
statistical department and investigation
of crop cond' tlons throughout the state
All printed matter pertaining mi me
board's affairs and all funds that the
state appropriates for advertising will
be expanded by this board.
Framers of the bill plan to take the
appointment of members out of the
hands of the Governor and to leave such
appointments to the Oregon Purebred
Livestock Association, State Dairy Asso
ciation and State Horticultural Society.
Other ex-offlcio members of the board
would be the State Dairy and Food Com
missioner, Director of the Experiment
Station and others connected with the af
fairs of-the board.
Members would serve on a per diem
basis, but the secretary would receive a
salary. The essential feature of the plan
Is to create a board taht will be typical
of the Federal Department of Agriculture
and that will be largely Instrumental In
advertising the resources of the state.
M- J. WALSH, president.
INSULT PBOVES FATAL
STABBING AFFRAY FOLLOWS
Eagle, Idaho, Scene of Fight Brought
on by Alleged Improper Con
duct by Participant. , '.
BOISE, Idaho, Dec 24. (Special.)
A horrible tragedy was enacted in the
village "of Eagle, nine miles west ol
Boise, at 4 o'clock this morning, fol
lowing a masquerade dance, when
William Crowder, son of one of ths
most prominent ranchers In the valley,
killed Lawrence Vaughn by stabbing
him to death.
Insults addressed by Vaughn to
Crowder's wife and an old feud were
at the bottom of the killing. Crowder
was masquerading as George Washing
ton. When he learned of ths insults made
by Vaughn to his wife he accused
Vaughn of improper conduct. The two
went to an adjoining lot, where a fight
W. H. Gilbert was ths only eyewit
ness. He declared Crowder drow a
common pocket knife and stabbed
Vaughn and when the latter sank to
the ground Crowder, In his anger and
frenzy, fell upon the prostrate form,
burying the knife into his victim time
and time again. A Coroner's inquest
will be held Tuesday.
Man Reads Own Obituary.
SALEM. Or., Dec. 24. (Special.) Ov
ine to an error in giving out information
at the Coroner's office here, F. A. Man
gold, of Gervais, was given the privilege
of reading his own obituary. The Cor
oner's office erroneously reported F. A.
Mangold, of Gervais. as dead when it
should have been William R. Jones, ot .
Gervais. Jones was a pioneer ana vet
eran, 73 years of age. He lived alona
snd was discovered dead in his home,
heart failure probably being the cause.
Owing to the fact that Mr. Mangold re
ported the finding of Jones, the error
was made in giving out the information.
American Syndicate Loses Friend.
VICTORIA, B. C, Dec 24. Japanese
newspapers consider that tbe resigna
tion of Tang Shao-Ti from the Chinese
government will be a blow to the Amert
an financial syndicate working at Pekln.
The resignation is reported to be due to
ill health. Tang Shao-Yi. who was for
merly associated with Yuan Shih Kia,
came to America in 1908 to thank the
Waohington Government for returning
part of the Boxer Indemnity -and has sl
ays been regarc-eo as