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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 25, 1910)
TRIP TO ORIENT
Representatives of Pacific Coast Chambers .of Commerce
I- , .... ii'Xt !
- i"j -
RAVELING X.000 miles. O days of
which were on water, brine feted and
ft-astcd In S porta of the Orient. In
specting coal and Iron mines, factories,
schools, public building and lumber
yards, and finally greeted by the Prince
Resent, father of the ft-year-old Em
peror of China, are only a part of the
experiences of the delegation from Pa
cific Coast Chambers of Commerce since
August :e. when they sailed out of San
The delegation, almost worn out
from the hospitality received, returned
. this week.
Par-Hand was represented by O. M
CJark. of the Clark Wilson Lumber
Company. He was accompanied by Mrs.
Clark, who was th recipient of many
special favors, and had the unique dis
tinction of being tlje Kuril of prominent
Chinese and Japanese women in their
' The delegation was composed of 2
men and ii women. The following were
the accredited delegates:
Pan Francisco TV. U Gerstlle. Robert
Dollar. R. M. Hotallng.
Seattle E. F. lilalne. J. PMrth. W.
J Tacoma W. H. Dickson. C. H. Hyde.
X- R. Manning.
Spokane C H. Moore. J. H. Snaw.
Sara 8. Stern.
Portland O. M. Clark.
Oakland W. JL Wellbye. K. A.
Los Angeles TV. H. Booth. E. P.
Boebyshell. E. S. Moulton.
IHego Oeorge Burnham. William
Honolulu Fred L. Watdron.
In addition, there were Charles V.
Bennett, secretary of to the Commis
sion, aad Charles J. Field. Amrrk-an-Sunset
The steamer Corea took the party
across the Pacific, stopping a day at
Honolulu. On September the steam
er sighted the city of Yokahoma. Pre
vlous to that, the members of th Com
mission, the purpose of which was to
create friendly relations between the
Pacific Coast and the Orient, had re
cetved wireless messages from the Jap
anese, bidding the commissioners wel
come and telling of plans for their en
It was the second trip for Mr. Clark.
representing Portland, and when he
landed, he found ready to greet him
with open arms. B. Nakano. president
of the Tokio Chamber of Commerce:
Baron Ksnda. principal of the Peers
School: Mr. and Mrs. Horlkosha. K.
Otanl and Mr. and Mrs. T. Numano,
formerly Consul at Portland, and other
A number of the party were Immediately
placed aboard the train and rushed te
Toklo. where quarters were placed at
their disposal In the leading hotel.
T. Watase and T. Marhlda. merchants,
and R. It-sra. a lumber dealer, were also
on band to greet the Clsrks. who were
Mr. and Mrs. Clark were taken out to
the palatial home of Baron Shlbusawa.
The baron had a big automobile to fur
nish means of conveyance. Tiffin was
erred In pagoda which the baron
liad received as a gift from friends In
Corea. It is an old temple and repre
sentative of the architecture of cen
After this delightful entertainment,
the party was received at the Nippon
flub, where a lunch was served and
formal Introductions were had. Here
Mr. Clark met Mr. Nakano. mho was a
member of the Japanese party that vis
ited Portland and other elites In the
I'nlted States a year ago. At that time
Mr. c.'ks no presented a flag to Mr. Clsrk.
which he In turn had presented to Mr.
. Nakano on his visit to Jspan two yesrs
before. To snake the memory of the
occasion more pleasant. Mr. Clark here
at a banquet produced the same flag
and handed It to Mr. Nakano with the
wish that he soon bring It back to
America to be given to the donor. It
was a recognition of one of those cus
toms of the Jspanese which carry with
It so much sentiment.
The party continued the next day to
Kobe and Nagasaki, where banqueta and
fetes were showered upon them. Fi
nally, the party reached the city of
Shanghai, where was the real begin
ning of their journey, it vu Septem
ber IS when they landed at that big
port. Her they found the. Chinese
Chamber of Commerce fully prepared to
give all a taste of what Chinese hos
pitality meant. There were tiffins,
feasts, fetes, rides, and even thing to
be thought of In the way of enter
tainment. "We found the Shanghai merchants
very affable aod friendly. said Mr.
Clark. "They all wanted to know more
of American wars and methods. As
one Chinese spesker said at a banquet,
we love America because she has a
conscience, and so far as we know she Is
the only country possessing that ar
ticle. At least It so appears to us.'
which wss a decided compliment for
"Her we found a surprising condi
tion of progress. The streets wer im
proved and there seemed to exist a de
sire to progress. . House boats. 24 of
them, were placed at our disposal. A
bouse boat la China is a somewhat dif
ferent affair from thos of this coun
try. Each boat carries a crew of eight,
beside th cook and waiter. W wer
In trios boats over night on th trip
up t Hangrhow.
" It wss this part of the trip that
opened th eyes of' the commissioners
to th magnitude of China. Beginning at
Shanghai, we ascended the Yanstae
River In a steamer .or IHM miles. Her
Is a river larger than the Columbia In
which boats drawing - feet of water
may steam mto Hankau with perfect
It la th largest and most woa-
' r-rri r-
derful stream for commercial purposes
to b found In th world.
Befor starting on this trip, w had
th opportunity of inspecting th new
assembly building at Hnngchow. I'ndcr
th new system In rogue by decrees of
the Emperor, th IS provinces of China
are entitled to legislative assembles In
1911. A property and education quali
fication la necessary to vote, and at
Hangchow the assembly consists of 117
members. 24 of whom are to form a
standing committee. This assembly will
look after the whole interests of th
provlnc snd levy taxes for the support
of th empire as well as for the 1m
provrment of the means of transpor
"It waa at Nanking where w began
to appreciate th magnitude of China.
Her we found the exposition, and It
was a very creditable affair. It cost
TiO.000 tsels. and there ar on exhibition
pottery, weaving. . painting, silks and
In going up th Yangtze River stops
wer made at Chluktang. Wuhu. Klukang.
8ulyou and Tah l el. at which plac the
Iron mines ar located, and they ar
th most wonderful thing in all China
according to Mr. Clark's views. Her
millions of tons of ore ar In sight and
of very good quality. The ore run (7
per cent pure. It costa a cents a ton to
pot th or on th cars, according to th
satisfies given by the manager to Mr.
Clark. To plac this ore on the boats
for foreign commerce costs It cents per
ton. and some of this ore Is shipped to
Irondale. north of 8eattle, where ' it is
made Into Iron. This mine hss been
worked so long that even Chines his
tory does not record th start.
The or has not been smelted at
the mine for 1000 years, and yet slag
covers fft) seres and is t K feet deep.
According to the engineers It ' would
har taken thousands ' of years to
hsv reduced the ore to form the slag
which Is on this SO acres, Th mine
owners have HO boys and 1SO0 men- at
work and TOO experts and railroad men.
The men are paid t to 7 cents a day,
while, the better class of help g'et it
to It cents. When the party reached
Hankau . it was entertained In a very
affable manner by the Chamber of Com
merce. A rail trip of tvru miles was
taken to Pekln.
I'pon arriving In Pekln the party was
taken In hand by United State Ambas
sador Calhoun. A special Invitation was
extended to th party by th Prince Re
gent to China, father of the Emperor,
who. by he way. Is only S years of age.
-The Prince Regent." said Mr. Clark.
"Is a very ordinary looking Chinaman, of
2 or 2 years of age. He is the abso
lute ruler of the Chinese. We wer
served with an official declaration of
how we should dress and bow we should
act. We conformed In every particular
la the matter of dress ami when it came
to entering the Tang Hsin audience
hell we wer stationed on certain spots
with Ambassador Calhoun a few steps
in front like a sergeant Just getting
resdy to drill his company. When the
Imperial Regent entered the hall. In ac
cord with th rules, we all bowed. The
Regent returned the bow and asked Am- ,
TIIE SUNDAY OR
IS ONE PROLONGED FETE FOR AMERICANS
V v '
Have Interesting Experiences on Mission to Make Trade Relations With Far East Closeiv 0. M. Clark, Portland's Delegate, Describes the Trip.
bassador Calhoun a few questions re
garding the heslth of the party. Then
all bowed again, the Regent retired,
which released us of the necessity of
backing out so that we would not have
our backs to the Prince a Chines
custom which Is rejarded as very sacred.
-We were also requested to refrain
from conversation during our visit to
the hall and while w were In the vi
cinity of the place for holding the au
dience. "The whole affair did not take but a
few minutes, and while we got a good
glimpse of the reigning power of the
Chinese Empire It was not so clos a
one as to from any decided Impressions
outside of the fact that he was a very
young man. of clean appearance and of
very simple dress.
-W were In China something Ilk
six weeks, and we met all kinds of
vleerovs. mandarins. Tartar generals
and officials of one class and another. J
POOR PEOPLE AS RULE
HAVE FELLOW FEELING
" ' . at
Charity of Humble Not ScrimpeA and Iced, in Name of Cautious, Statis
tical Christ," as Proven Dy Donations to Volunteers,
T IB the poor not the rich who drop
th money Into th kettles of the Sol- I
vatibn Army and the "chimneys" of
the Volunteers of America so rhat the
poverty stricken and the unfortunate of
th city may feast and be merry on
Many of those who give appear a if
they themselvea might be In want, while
moat of those who are noticeably pros
perous and well-to-do pass the kettles by.
The contributions vary In amount from
a single penny to a to'goia piece, me
average la a little more than & cents
and not a much a a dim.
It Is the same claew of people whosl
give every year." said the girl In charge
of the kettle and tripod at the Morrison
street entrance of the Postofflce yester
day. "We don"t expect the rich people
to give us much in tin way. . we aepena
upon the poorer people to help us most,"
As he spok. an old man approached
and glanced into the kettle.
You ought to Have more money than
that," he suid. Then he reached Into
his pocket and extracted a much worn
purse from which he carefully selected
a quarter which he proudly tossed into
the receptacle and walked away.
Small Boys Catch Spirit.
A woman accompanied by two small
boys started toward the Postofflce. Curi
osity attracted one of the little ones to
ward the girl and the kettle.
See what is in there, mamma. h
exclaimed. "Pennies': I see a whole lot
of pennies." This evidently aroused the
charitable disposition of the mother and 1
ah gav each of her sons a nickel that
EG ONI AN, PORTLAND, DECEMBER 25, 1910.
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Cjjjfk-' it. 'v-(r3 'ivpsJ
Th conclusion to be gathered from
meeting: these men, many of whom are
exceedingly bright and intelligent. Is
that China will become a great nation
of powerful influence and one of the
largest importers of goods In the
"There Is a marvelous condition ex
isting In China in which her future is
wholly Involved, and that Is as to what
form the coming government shall
"There are many patriotic Chinamen
who are engaged at the present time
In aiding the work of reform which
will bring the 400.000,000 people within
the scope of modern influence.
"China Is- certainly waking- up.
Everywhere we went we were met by
the young Chinese who have been edu
cated abroad, and who are used to
American . and . European ways. - They
were put forward to meet us. Those
they might drop them-Into the kettle,
Thla they did with some hesitation and
many glance, denoting '. confusion, to
ward the uniformed girl. .
A newsboy came running up at fuB
speed and tossed In a penny, without
stopping. He was followed by a crowd
of his fellows, who shouted as he let go
of the coin. They Mopped at the- side - of
the girl and laughed heartily. : What
caused their strange behavior and their
apparent Joy over the contribution of
the urchin prompted the girl to - give
expression to "her confusion.
A few minutes later a well-dressed boy,
evidently from one of the nearby stores,
came running through the rain - and
tossed In a handful' of colna. pennies,
nickels and dimes.' Presumably he 'had
taken a collection somewhere for this
Three girls, probabty school girls,
charted to pass the kettle by when one of
"Last's give something to the Salva
tion Array." she suggested and followed
this with a giggle that broke Into laugh
ter as her companions dtecoursgrd the
Idea She fumbled about for her purse
but the others led the way toward Sixth
"Aw. come awn. Gert. walt-til-s'mother
time." 'one of them shouted, and before
she could find her money her benevolent
notion had been overcome and she fol
lowed the others into the great Christ
Removing a mitten from the hand with
which he carried his cane an old man.
who hobbled painfull- along the side
walk, reached deep Into his pocket from
which he took an old leather wallet. He
opened It with nervou Angers. He
-JsHO aJ"V rWr W?$f Xt'f X5n?f iV", 'J" , AFMyW - UZJ
. ..,e-- - 'f ..... ' 5 ' ' - " v v ill I
who have been educated In the United
States look to the United States as
their model for whatever is done. In
China. They are the ones who would
probably regard the products of the
United States as 'those to be imported.
Our visit opened vast possibilities In
bringing the two countries together,
particularly In a commercial sense.
"One of the Interesting visits I had
while In Peking waa with Seid Back, Jr.,
son of Seld Back, of Portland. The
yountf man told me he had passed his
examinations there very creditably and
Inquired after all of the people here.
He Is a bright young Chinaman and a
credit to Portland, his birthplace.
"It is the young men, of the. type of
Seld Back that will bring China out of
Its lethargy. I remember while being
entertained in Canton at a banquet
that I listened to a speech by Ng Poon
Chew, a very ' Intelligent and- bright
pulled forth . a' nickel.- It seemed. to ibe
the only coin he had.- His hand trembled
as he let it go. Then he replaced the
purse,.. put. on the mitten, grasped the
cane and struggled on. He smiled
graciously at the attendant and tried to
say something but his voice faltered. She
erailed back at him, - bowed and ex
pressed' her thanks.
"Sometimes I think some of those peo
ple need their money so 1 badly that . I
feel forced to tell them to keep It," she
said, "but It makes them so happy when
they can give that It would be robbing
them of one of their greatest joys they
were denied the privilege."
Two or three well-dressed women then
descended the. Postofflce' steps and ap
proached with pennies In their gloved
hands. Tbey evidently had received them
in change at the stamp window. These
they threw into- the kettle In . a matter
of fact sort of a way; that indicated
they were glad to be' rid of them.
A woman pushing a baby buggy with
a sleeping ' infant . - resting under the
cover .wheeled the venicie . up to ine
curb and stopped. . She reached Into the
buggy near the baby's feet and from
amongst a heap of bundles and packages
pulled out her pocketbook. She took out
a dime wnich she. tossed Into the kettle
without even stopping to glance at the
girl. - Then she resumed her position at
the .handle of the buggy and pushed on
In a businesslike manner.
A smile crossed the army lassie's face
as a - young girl. ' laden with .bundles.
came up.- She flaa bundles in ootn arms
and In . each hand. In her mouth she
held a quarter. - Placing some of her
burden ;upon the sidewalk she removed
the coin from her mouth and added It
to the-others in the kettle. . t .
Many Pennies Count. .:
In rh. mflnHm. htisinesw mew-walked
past, cautiously dropping email coins Into
the Iron vessel with as little pretense of
display as possible.
It is. all day. .explained the girl.
'We hardly ever look for large contribu
tions. It- fo the penniep. the nickels and
dimes that make up the bulk of our col
lection. ' ' - - -' - -"This
morning a man dropped In $1.50.
t J raiT- I
Chinaman. He said that in the prog
ress of the civilization of the human
race, ' they first ate their food with
their fingers, then with knife and fork
and finally with the chop stick. He
went on to say that If China is left
alone to develop its own destiny and If
the nations of the world will let her
have absolute peace for the next 15 or
20 years, she will be able to stand on
her feet and become an honorable na
tion among the family of. the nations
of the world. I. believe that the time
Is coming when the sons of China and
of America . will, raise their voices
with the sons of America and sing a
refrain. 'America and. China . Forever.'
That Is the way the vast majority of
the Chinamen whom I met. feeL They
love America regardless of the exclu
sion laws and want to pattern their
future after American methods."
It was October IS. when the party
He . appeared like . a man .of ordinary
means but he gave It willingly. ' Every
one gives willingly here. We don't 'ask
for contributions. They all know, what
it is for. - - -
"The other' day;- a woman -.gave me a
to gold- piece. This Is the . most that I
ever received in a single contribution." '
The Salvation Army collections aver
age from tS to til a day at each of the
eight -stands "In the city. Those of r the
Volunteers of America reach a. . like
amount. v -
: However, the .fact that the more pros
perous element of the community falls'
I u support me wvrccv uuuci-uuiio
organisations does not warrant the-con
clusion that they fall to ' give at an. ui-
fleers at headquarters report that the do
nations from, business men, professional
men and thosi in. the higher . Walks of
life are , greater this' year than ever be
fore in the history of the organisations
- The funds thus derived will be used In
providing, -food to fill the- baskets that
will be sent to the poor families of the
city on Saturday. A list of needy people
has been secured and for each family of
six a basket containing a turkey or its
equivalent ' in chickens, together with
potatoes, vegetables and other articles
required to complete a proverbial Christ
mas dinner, will be sent, i
The eeneral dinner at headquarters
which waa a Christmas feature .In former
years will be dispensed with this time,
as many unworthy persons took advant
age of this practice it Is said, with the
result that sometimes their families,
who were in reap need went without it.
On ' Tuesday evening the Salvation
Army will provide a Christmas tree for
the children of poor people. Candy and
other presents will be distributed. .
JESUITS FORTIFY AB0DE
Barcelona Council Orders, Defenses
"of Steel Removed.
Dec. - 24. (Special.) In
of ' the events of the
left Pekln for Tientsin, having been
entertained with a visit to the Great?
Wall. Soochau was visited, as was
Amor, Canton and Wuchau and fin
ally Hong Kong, where the party broke
up, Mr. and Mrs. Clark returning to
Japan, where they had a most delight
ful time with friends formed during
the visit of the Japanese Commission
ers from the Chambers of Commerce
to this country. They sailed for home
amid the farewells of their friends and
best wishes of every one with whom
they came in contact,
: "The trip has been a profitable one,"
concluded Mr. Clark. "The Japanese
and Chinese are greatly 'misunderstood
In .this country by some of our leaders
but no better and more anxious peo
ple exists on the face of the globe to
maintain friendly . relations with the
American people than those who reside
across the Pacific Ocean."
"Tragic Week" of Barcelona last year,
the ' Jesuit Fathers decided to
strengthen the defenses of their abode.
Embrasures were cut - In the walls,
which were lined with steel plates, and
a large supply of arms and ammuni
tion was stored away in the cellars.
This - action has lately caused hot
discussions in the Town Council, the
republican and progressive elements
denouncing such proceedings as Ille
gal; the religionists maintaining that
the , Jesuits were . within their rights.
The subject was finally put to th
vote and the religionists were defeated.
The Jesuit Fathers have been or
dered to do away with their defenses
within IS days and if they fail to com
ply with this -order, the Municipal
Brigades will enter the establishment
with picks and hammers.
ART PLAYHOUSE IS UNIQUE
New.Theater do Monsieur In Pari
'" - i Pleases Public
PARIS. ' Dec. - 2i. (Special.) The
Theatre de Monsieur, a new -art play
house. In the Rue des Mathurlns, was
opened recently under the direction of
M. Victor Silvester. It is unique in its
architecture and scheme of decoration,
which were much admired by the pub
The house is decorated in the style
of the decollete period of Marie An
toinette. The musicians of the orches
tra are dressed In brown silk coats,
flowered- waistcoats, white ruffles and
cuffs, knickerbockers, silk hose and
pumps with silver buckles. They wear
blown wigs with pigtails. The con
ductor, M. Jean Gallon, is distinguished
by a plum -colored costume.
Lackeys In knee breeches and pow
dered wigs open the doors, while the
programmes are distributed by pretty
little maids in 18th century short
frocks. The three pieces being played
at present are also of the 18th century.