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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
OLD "FATHER THAMES" HAS RECORD
FILLED WITH ROMANCE AND TRAGEDY
Seen o? Boyal Psfeanta and Fool of Commerce, It Dominates London's Life Mystery Larks Along Banks, and
Its Muddy Bed Yields Belies, Centuries Old. '
A Word to Our Thousands of Patrons
-(W. ' V "
ST K. CKOSLXT.
LONTJOX. Dec M. (Special.) No
river In the world pommf a his
tory so fascinating and strangely
' varied a the Thames. In a few month,
when Coronation ceremonlea are In full
swing, it anil be the scene of a pageant
widely different ia Ite character from
any of thoee which took place In the
da 7 when It deeerred it title of the
"Silent HJrhway." Meanwhile It has
been giving up rellca held in Ita slimy
bosom hundred of years. Including; a
barge ased by the Romans when Julius
Caesar ruled In sarly Britain. English
writers usually refer to It aa "Father
Thames' the father of London's
It Is of the river's weird and seamy
aide that I would tall the mysteries
and tragedies which bare 4eea bidden
la Its dark waters, the crime which
still flourishes along; Its crowded banks,
and the recovery of varied treasure,
lost overboard from craft of all slses,
from the earliest times to the present
How few people know anything; of
the marvellous and Intricate network
of organisations by which order ia so
silently and ceaselessly maintained on
the river which daily bears on Its
bosom the richest freight In the worldl
The River Police, the Customs House,
the Port of London and Sanitary Au
thorities, the Thames Conservancy, and
Trinity House have each their separate
and well-denned duties; tnoog-n ror
1 months the newly created Port San
itary Authority has shorn the Thames
Coaservancy of Its responsibilities sasi
of Teddlngtoa and Incorporated the du
ties of the ancient and historic com'
peay of Thames Watermen.
Illvcr Police Kept Baay.
Of all these bodies, the River Police
are naturally more concerned than the
rest with what the public regards aa
ths tragic sli of life on the river.
Crimes of violence on the Thames have
undoubtedly decreased since the days
described by Charlss Lrtrkens In ths
matchless pen-pictures which are to be
found In many of his novela But
htevea and freebooters are as numer
ous as ever, these liver vermin special.
Islng In their vsrlous departments of
dlahonssty Just aa thieves do on land.
Thece are still "tier-rangers" men
who climb noiselessly on board vessels
lying in the Pool at sight, while the
watchman Is asleep, and help them
selves to any portable articles, often
descending to the cabins when they
find the coast Is clear.
Then there are "lumpers." who. while
engaged In unloading vessels, carry off
aa much valuable property as tbey can
cram Into the capacious pockets con
trived la the lining of their coats, and
often assist ths crew by smuggling
goods ashore. "Truckers" are smug
glers la a larger way of business, en
gaged In landing heavier ' parcels of
goods than ths lumpers'- can manage.
There are also gtlll "dredgermen." who,
under the pretense of dredging things
from the bottom of the river, selsa their
opportunity of throwing overboard any
article from the decks of barges or
ether exposed craft. In ths hope of be
ing able to dredge It to the surface
when ths vessel has left Its mooring.
"Toshers" confine themselves to
stripping from ths bottoms of ships ths
protecting copper, thus endangering
the lives of those on board. Another
set of specialists watch their chances
for etitting boats loose from their
moorings, so that they may afterward
claim rswaxds for salving them.
Better Folic Quarter Grren.
For the watching of this criminal
artsy a police force numbering nearly
li officers and men is stationed along
the rrver. the main divisions being at
WspplDg. Blackwell and Waterloo. The
head depot has been at Wapplng ever
since the government took over the
force from the East India Company la
11. and for many years the men were
housed la an old gun sloop, moored
within a few hundred yards of Wap
plng Old Stairs, which still survive.
Now a new and palatial building has
takes the place of the old police depot,
with accommodation tor 2 men. living
rooms for the Inspector, a spacious
drytng-roora for the men's coats, and
a series of calls for ths prisoners they
Day and night tbs patrol boats of
the river poll.e. manned by two Con
stable and steered by a Sergeant, may
be seen gliding up and down the river,
noiselessly threading their way be
tween the tiers of craft whose valuable
cargoes they are charged to protect.
No river thief can tell when a patrol
may pounce upon him. for eah boat
takes a course chosen by ths Sergeant
In charge. The prevention or detection
of thefts forms by tar the largest rart
of the duties of ths Thames police,
though frequently they are of a more
gruesome character, as when engaxed
In dragging ths river tor missing per
sons wr-o have met death through ac
cident or violence.
Srldj J amp Down Stream.
The floating police depot moored
Just below Waterloo bridge has dealt
with mors rases of suicide than any
other along the river. For some un
explained reason. Waterloo bridge Is
CVRIOS BROIQHT TO SrRFACB BT
generally chosen by those bent on
drowning themselves. In preference) to
any other, and oddly enough they al
most Invariably Jump over the down
river side, probably with soma hasy
Idea of floating out to sea.
"I believe." said an official, "that one
of the chief reasons why Waterloo
bridge has so many suicides is that
there are seats In the stone recesses
formed over the piers, and the unfor
tunates sit there brooding over their
troubles until they come to the desper
ate decision to drown themselves. They
have only to Jump on the stons seat.
which forms an easy step to the para
net. and ther are over In a Jiffy."
But there Is always a watchful eye
on the floating stage below, noting
their movements, and ready to row out
Into the stream In ths waiting boat ths
moment a plunge la taken. It Is sel
dom Indeed thst ths would-bs suicide
Is drowned at Waterloo bridge. "Only
the other night we noticed a man
walking up and down on the bridge
above." said the same official. "We
knew at onos by bis movements that
he was a candidal for 'suicide, and
surely enough a few moments after
ward we saw him step on the parapet.
Our man shouted Just In time, and ha
was pulled back and takes off to the
More than once, however, the "Bridge
of Sighs." as Waterloo bridge haa been
aptly named, has been the scene of
sicksn'l -.g tragedy owing to the suicide
forgetting the existence of the project
ing massive masonry at the base of
each pier and Immediately beneath the
seat on the bridge.
A special room la provided at the
Waterloo Bridge depot for the recep
tion of the rescued, ths room being
furnished with a bed. bath, and hot
water bottles of various sixes for ap
plying to the patient- Tbat the pro
vision of this room is necessary may
be Judged from the fact tbat some
desperate man or woman Jumps off
Waterloo Bridge on an average every
week in the year. Only a day or two
ago one of these unfortunates threw
himself over the parapet. but was
hauled out by the police and was In a
warm bed within four minutes of his
Jump from the bridge.
If the Thames police see more of the
tragic and criminal side of the river,
the Thames Conservancy now ths
Port of London Authority are asso
ciated in some of their duties with its
more picturesque and romantio phases.
Their staff of about 0 Inspectors and
boatmen are Intrusted with the super
vision of all the piers and wharves,
looking after the mooring and berthing
of vessels In the river, keeping the
channel clear of obstacles, boarding
DEAF MUTES, EXPERT "LIP'READERS,"
REPORT HORRIFYING DISCOVERY
Silent Acton In Movin Picture Showi. They Say. Use Vilest LaDgaae-?2001000,000 Saved Annually by Closing
Bucketahops Other Stirring News From Windy City.
BT JONATHAN PALMER
CHICAGO. Dec li. Federal, raids)
upon bucket shop establish
ments and the arrest of fifty
or more of the attaches of these con
cerns In Chicago are looked upon as
the beginning of ths end of a system
of gambling and graft that has filched
untold mlUlons of dollars from Its. vic
tims. For years the Chicago Board of Trade
has been making war on bucketsnops.
John HUI. 'jr.. well known in board of
trade circles, has devoted most of bis
time and effort for a decade to wiping
out illegitimate traders, or gamblers. In
ths common necessities of life. The
co-operation of ths Government in this
work Is counted on as the last thing
needed. If the use of ths mails Is
denied to the concerns, one of their
chief assets will be taken away from
An Ingenuity that is almost onbe
Ueveable has been exercised by the
bucket shop operators to circumvent
the laws and to entrench upon 'the
preserves of legitimate trade. It haa
been estimated the amount of money
saved annually to burketshop victims
by ths elimination of them sines 1897
Is II00.900.00S. Ten or a dosen years
sco tjere were fully a thousand bucket
shops In operation. The average run
ning expenses were about $10. 000. 000 a
year. It was necessary for the bucket
shippers to Blch that sum from ths
guillble public before they were able
to make a profit.
As msny operators became million
aires. It may well be understood what
an enormous business was transacted
In Imaginary stocks or In pars gambl
ing on the upward or downward turn
of quotations which were stolen from
houses and boards of trade doing a
eras well known bucketsnop operator.
vessels to see that no dangerous or ex
plosive goods are on board, seeing that
all craft carry proper lights, and dredg
ing the river In order that the channel
may not be Impaired by the accumuia
tlon of silt. '
It has been during their dredging oper
ations at various points of the river that
the men of the Thames Conservancy have
brought to ths surface many an object of
antiquarian or romantic Interest. The
vertebra of a whale, dredged up in wool-
wlch Beach In 1892. recalls the fact that
whales were frequent visitors to the
Thames in prehistoric times: and a rello
of the glacial period has been preserved
In an elkhorn, found In the river at
Prehistoric Belies Uncovered.
Implements of ths Bronse Age. a spear
head, an old flint-lock musket, a brass
cannon inscribed wiUi Chinese charac
ters, the remains of an early Briton's
sword, and a bronse Greek or Roman
helmet (now In the British Museum) are
among the 'warlike articles of various
age which have . from time to time
been fished up from the bed of the
Thames. An Interesting discovery was
made during dredging operations at
Brentford in 106, when the Conservancy
men came upon a number of pointed
takes deeply Imbedded In the river's
bottom. They proved to be the tjemalns
of the fortifications constructed by the
Britons against the Roman invaders. At
that period Brentford was the first
place above London where there was a
ford or passage across the river, the
whole of the Thames Valley being cov
ered with forests and swamps. And to
day the London County Council officials
in building a new county nail nave come
upon a Roman barge that they are pre
serving with close care.
Valuable articles of Jewelry have
sometimes been brought to the surface
by the buckets of the dredger, and even
restored to their owners, as In the case
of a gold watch found In Hambledon
Dork. It was traced by Its number, and
although it had been under water for
than a vear. It was returned to
the owner 'very little the worse for lis
Stolen Jewels Recovered.
f.- ...... ,n a thief stole a num
ber of gold watches from a Cornhlll
Jewelry store ana Being nunj pui
he throw them over the bridge at
. -i vr- afiarv,ri1i ndTi f ruse d
what he had done, and a diver, who
waa sent down at tne spot mmcsira oj
. i ,i.i.f ,Mnr.i1 most Of the
watches. The proceeds of another great
watch robbery were recoverea i
don bridge, one gold watch being found
by the diver lodged on the projecting
The thoughtless habit, so often ln
dulgsd In by women, of trailing their I
who died not many years ago. left an
estate . of ' $S. 000.000 which he accumu
lated In short order. He bequeathed his
business to three subordinates on con
dition that when they had made prof
Its of $300,000 each they were to pass
over the business to three other sub
ordinates. They accumulated their
share In Just eight months and their
successors were even more facile In
How ths business of one concern was
executed purely and simply on the turn
of cards which furnished the arbitrary
quotations tor imaginary
fascinating tale, too long for recital
When Mrs. Allen Christopher sprang
Into the limelight by giving away
secrets of the "brick trust" and then
went to Jail for contempt by order of
Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis be
cause she would not reveal more facts
In her possession, the Innocent- by
standers awoke to the fact that In
Mrs. Christopher they had a very un
Mrs. Christopher went to Jail with
out a whimper. She took her medicine
with a rouen less wry race inan on
counsel. Attorney Brown, who went
with her for participating In- the, con
She is the wife of D. J. Christopher,
formerly a city brick Inspector. She
was married In 195. and gave prom
ise of being Just an average house
wife of domestic tastes. But she was
arterlsUi-s that were destined to change
the current or ner me.
Her first knowledge of the brick
business she learned from her spouse.
Phe absorbed some more Information
- Kn- .hA . . rltv offi
cial. Then the query csme to her.
"Why not organise a brlck-s"Jllng
company and go Into partnership with
the servants of the municipality?"
.Trt.w ikl. Anaiiln. rlnvinr In her
mind she attended a brick-makers' con
vention In Cincinnati, naving lunntr
i .-,-. 1 r Ktf mftklnfcr friends
among men of Influence in public
IN PORTLAND AND
We wish you every joy that good
health and prosperity can bring, "We
have reason to feel joyful and thank
ful, as we have prospered exceedingly
and our business has grown to immense
proportions, but our greatest joy ia the
' hundreds of satisfied patients that we
have treated in all parts of Oregon and
who always have a kind word for our
skill, gentleness and honorable meth
ods. To the conscientious dentist this
OUR PRICES REASONABLE
All our work is guaranteed 15 years, and being a corpora
tion insures our guarantee. It means exactly as stated.
Best work obtainable at very modest prices.
Good Rubber Plate, each
The Best Red Rubber Plates, each
22-Karat Gold or Porcelain Crown
22-Karat Bridge Teeth, guaranteed, each. ...
Gold or Enamel Fillings, each I
Silver Fillings, each.
We are able to quote these
tributing to the
THE WISE DENTAL COMPANY
hands through the water while belnf
rowed In a boat, has been responsible
for ths loss of countless valuable rings,
the cold water causing- the lingers to
contract so that the rings slip oft easily.
One woman, while on a houseboat at
Caversham, recentlv lost her rings.
valued at $1000, In a particularly an
noying manner. She left them on the
table at lunch time, and when the cloth
was cleared, the servant shook the
fnimka overboard and In so doing
shook out the rings as welL The Con
servancy employed a diver, wno
searched the spot for several days at a
cost to the lady of $30, but the bottom
of the river was so oovered with rank
weeds that the recovery of the rings
A little while ago the finding of a
nnntltv of red coral In the rival's bed
at Blackwall greatly exercised the
minds of ths authorities, no oorai reeie
having been suspected to exist in the
Thames. It was subsequently discov
ered that It had been brought to Eng
land by an officer on the Trinity house
yacht for presents to his friends, but
finding it was not appreciated, owing
to Its rough state, he had thrown It all
affairs. Then and there she launched
her brick-selling combine and obtain
ed contracts with seven big brick con
cerns to sell their product to Chicago
at a commission of $2.50 a thousand.
She got into the "get-rlch-qulck" class
In a way that, so far as she was con
cerned, was legitimate.
This year she sued the "brick com
bine" for $40,000 in commissions and
lost. In retort she told things that re
sulted In the Indictment of seven brick
firms. Then she seemed to hesitate in
her march of revenge. At any rate
she went to Jail for not producing in
court some check stubs supposed to
mean a lot in the prosecution. These
stubs, it was declared would shew that
there had been graft In the. city hall.
Womair Proud of Career.
Mrs. Christopher tells the story of
her meteoric business career with mani
fest pride. She Is fully convinced that
she did nothing that would not stand
"I saw through the brick men s
scheme when they refused to pay me
my commissions." she said, "and sued
for. my rights, but tne lower courie de
cided aga'nst me on the ground that
to have done otherwise would have
been against public policy."
Theatrical expansion seems to bs
reaching the breaking point , In Chi
cago. The strain is brought mainly
by the small houses, which offer mov
ing pictures and a sprinkling of vaude
ville acts. The tremendous growth in
the number of these minor houses and
In the business they have built up
was not and could not have been' antici
pated by the Interests owning the first
and second-class major theaters. The
fact Is beginning to dawn now and If
the inmost thoughts of the msgnates
were disclosed they probably would ad
vance the notion that the limit was
reached for the present Chicago two or
three years ago.
The 00 little theaters scattered
throughout the city, where the charges
are S or 10 cents, have made alarm
ing Inroads on the balcony and gaUery
DH. W. A. WISE,
.33 Tear a Leader la Modem
Painless Dentistry la Portland
prices, as our terms are cash and
no bad debts.
Without removing from the
mouth. The teeth on our bridges
are made of solid gold or porcelain
interchangeable facing, cemented
in grooves, and can be changed at
will in case of breakage or chang-
This ia but one of the many reasons con
recognized supremacy of our crown and
DR. W. A. WISE. PRESIDENT AND MANAGER.
8 A. M. to 8 P. M.; Sunday, 9 to 1.
patronage of the large down-town
houses. Of these bouses there are 17
and two more are shortly to be opened.
They are all within or adjacent to the
elevated loop. Removed from the loop
are about 25 other houses of the aeo
ond class, where the prices, tfiough
much below the first-class standard, are
still too high to be within the frequent
reach of the great mass.
Save on exceptional occasions, when
there is a genuine event of "state"
proportions In theaterdom, the houses
are rarely sold out this season. Scalpers
are not able to do a land-office business
as In some other years. There are too
many empty seats in the ordinary
course of business to make the specu
lative game profitable. Twenty weeks
of grand opera also is cutting consider
able figure in reducing theatrical re
ceipts. At the same time there is nothing do
ing for the theatrical managements in
the way of cutting down expenses. Pro
ductions must be made with sumptuous
settings and the casts must contain one
or more expensive stars. The theory
that the 5-cent and 10-cent houses
would educate more people to graduate
Into the patronage of the first-class
houses has not been borne out In prac
tice in the degree hoped for. The dol
lars and cents obstacle is apparently in
surmountable. The long opera season a novelty for
Chicago probably will snd with a defi
cit, but a much smaller one than the
backers of the company expected when
they projected this enterprise. The at
tendance has been surprisingly good for
the first year, and It is holding up well.
It takes some time to establish the
personal relation between company and
patrons such as exists between the or
chestra and Its faithful devotees.
Hobo Carts and Dogs Happy.
No bridewell cells and no rockpile
fo'r the hobo cats and dogs of Chicago.
They are to have a $20,000 hotel in
stead, where they may find protection
against wintry winds, against hunger
and against the kicks and ouffs of a
Society women have taken tip the
cause of the wayfaring felines and ca
nines. A score of them met at the home
of Mrs. R. Hall McCormlck the other
day, discussed the woes of homeless
cats and dogs and decided then and
there it was time to extend the help
ing hand in a substantial way.
One of the women present promptly
subscribed $1000 and three or four
others followed suit. Within halt an
hour $8000 bad been offered and It was
decided the limit of construction might
safely be placed at $20,000. .
Not only is the cat and dog hostelry
to be established, but it will be lo
cated, according to unofficial plans, al
most in the midst of the fashionable
resldenos district on ths north side,
over near the Lake Shore drive. It
will be close enough' so that the so
ciety guardians may give some personal
attention to the care of their dumb
The particular society women Inter
ested In this merciful project are active
members of the Anti-Cruelty Society.
Some of ' them have been known to
walk into the middle of the street, re
monstrate with a cruel driver for beat
ing his horse or overloading him and
cause his arrest and punishment.
Among those who attended the meet
ing at Mrs. McCormlck's home were
Mrs. Harry L. Hamilton, lira Harry
Askln, Mrs. S. Cobb Coleman. Mrs. Nor
wood Pierce, Mrs. Herbert S. Stone, Mrs.
Ira M. Cobb and Mr. and Mrs. C Q.
The Anti-Cruelty Society is far from
neglecting the well-being of humans
The Very Best and Latest in Dentistry, With Flexible Suc
tion. No more falling plates: no squeezing plates down
no more coughing or laughing them down.
WE AIM TO SAVE TEETH
No work is allowed to leave this office unless it is
perfect ia every respect. When desired, Dr. W. A.
Wise, will inspect the work. Our .fifteen years'
guarantee goes with all work. Nonresidents should
remember that our force is so organized that we
can do their entire Crown, Bridge and Plate Work
in a day if necessary. '
All Work Gu aranteed. Phone A
for the dogs and cats, but ita members
have made It their special business in
a large city to see that animals are not
abused. It maintains regular head
quarters and has a staff of scouts who
keep watch over the city for instances
of cruelty. , The yearly records of the
organization are formidable-looking
Ten Robust Babes Arrive.
The population of Park Ridge, one of
the suburbs of Chicago, has a popula
tion of 2009, according to the Federal
census. Early last Spring it was just
10 short' of that number, but before
the suns of Summer began to shine 10
robust babies came Into being there.
They breathed a fine quality of subur
ban air and all survived.
These youngsters will not understand
for some years to come what a service
they have been to their fellow-townsmen
or to their future selves. Their timely
advent Into the world means that Park
Ridge will have a $10,000 public library
Instead of a $6000 building. Mr. Carnegie
has promised the library. One of the
conditions Imposed by him was that if
the suburb showed a population of less
than 2000, he would be the angel In the
establishment of a $5000 library. If the
population went beyond that limit, he
would double his donation In the interest
of the higher education of the villagers.
That is where the babies made them
Hughle Fullerton, well known ss a
baseball writer. Is one of the hottest
boomers of the town. Surrounded' by his
neighbors who had gathered at die town
hall to celebrate over the population
figures he proposed a concerted move
ment to swell the population to 2500 a
year hence. To what extent babies are
to figure In this increase Is not known
but the admonishment was given by in
direction that this means of lifting the
prestige of the town 'was one not to be
Twenty thousand persons are attend
ing the night schools of Chicago, the
highest in the history of those institu
tions. The first half of the school year
closed last week and the instructors In
the schools are Jubilant over the Interest
shown and the results attained.
Thirty-four schools scattered through
out the city are used for night Instruc
tion. Almost all the nationalities here
are represented among the 8000 foreigners
who take advantage of the opportunity.
Clerks, mechanics, electricians and day
laborers are numbered among the pupils.
Three technical high schools are at
tended by employes of factories, ma
chine shops and electrical concerns who
are eager to add to their technical knowl
edge of the branches in which they are
particularly Interested. One electrical
concern haa 13S of its employes on the
roll of the three schools which have a
total list of 2500.
Among the most earnest of the night
school pupils are those foreigners who
are trying to learn the English language.
They are taught to read, write and
speak. Seven hundred Instructors are em
ployed for the night work. Sessions are
hehl four nights weekly, 20 weeks being
the length of the Winter term.
Deaf Mutes Make Discovery.
v Deaf mutes who have mastered the art
of reading the Hps of those able to speak
have been shocked during attendance at
moving-picture shows to learn that some
of the silent actors In these picture
dramas nse unprintable language. In
many instances where the pictures are
clear and the faces of the actors are
toward the audience- the mutes have
been able to make out the words used.
"I am ashamed to repeat what that
actor has just said," remarked one mute
to a companion who could read the
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and M 2029.
manual signs. "If the police could have;
heard the last remark of that man on.
the screen, they would arrest the man
ager of this show." .
To the average spectator the things
going on in the pictures seemed Innocent
enough, although the alleged vile langu
age was used almost invariably In screem
dramas of the sensational sort popular
In certain parts of the city.
Investigation of some of the shows waa
made at the Instance of mutes who com
plained of the vile language they caught
from the moving -lips of the actors. The
lines went beyond Innuendo and sugges
tion and became frankly outspoken. One
who objected to the results of his lip
reading was George A. Schrlver, of 8128
Lake street, an expert reader. Schrlver
said he did not have the face to writs
down some of the things uttered in pan
tomime. Vicious words were not at all
"I think the censoring of the pictures
has had a good effect in eliminating th
indecency," said Schrlver, "but there Is
too much of it even now. The good
pictures contain nothing objectionable,
even for the Hp reader, but the other
kind would not last a second If the police
could understand what liberties the orig
inal actors have taken in posing for the
films. There should be a deaf and dumb
inspector, or at least one who can read
the Hps, to censor these shows."
and rest for tired,
A warm bath with Cutrcina
Soap, followed by a gentle
anointing with Cuticora
Ointment, k generally suffi
cient to afford immediate
comfort m the most dis
tressing forms of itching,
burning and scaly eczemas,
rashes, irritations and in-
flammations of infants and '
children, permit sleep for
child and rest for mother,
and point to permanent re
lief when other methods
fail. Peace falls upon dis
tracted households when
Cuticura Soap and Oint
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so little and do so much.
Sold everywhere. Send to Potter Drug
Chan. Corp., Bolton, fer free book on the tkia.