Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 18, 1910)
vol. xxix. xo. 51.
DREGS OF DEFEAT
BITTER TO TORIES
Victorious Liberals Are
YETO BILL VIRTUALLY SURE
Balfour's Pledge of Referen
dum Is Repudiated. '
HOME RULE GAINS GROUND
Victors in English Election Declare
King Will Force House of Lords
to Fiu Veto Bill Ire
land Appears Reunited.
BT T. P. O'CONNOR.
Cepyrlbt, 1HO. by the Triton Company.
LONDON. Dec K. The Tories are t sk
ins; their tremendous beating In the elec
tion badly. They moke three Impossi
ble claims: first, that the election was
unneceaary; second, that it was futile,
and third, that a majority of oyer 100
mint not be counted a majority at all.
On top of this they resort to all kinds
of Impotent and audacious threats. They
threaten a civil war In Ireland and reck
leaa filibustering In Parliament.
An even more eloquent slsn of the To
ries' rout Is the growth In ths Tehemencs
of the mutual recriminations In the cam
paign. The Morning Post, on behalf of
(he genuine protectionists, as against A.
J. Balfour's surrender by pledging a. ref
erendum before tariff reform carries, has
captured the Tory party. Balfour keeps
repeating his pledge, but Austen Chara-b-rlaln
repudiates It and declares It Is
binding for this election only. Thla re
duces the pledge to a disreputable elec
Fred . Smith, most brilliant of ths
younger generation of Tories, repeats
Balfour's Leadership Attacked.
All this means a soreness ever the de
feat, but also a more bitter and more
concerted movement against Balfour's
leadership than at asy moment since
Joe Chamberlain Bret forced protection
as the policy of the Tory party.
Undoubtedly If Chamberlain were In
good health be would be lifted to Bal
four's place Immediately, but roost of the
outsiders persist In thinking that, unless
bis health and disgust at divisions in
trigues behind him Induce Baltaur to re
sign voluntarily, be will bring the rebels
to heel again.
In the meantime the speeches of the
Liberal leaders have become bolder and
more outspoken every day. With ths In
crease In the majority and with the as
surance ef victory, they now. without
mentioning the King name, plainly
proclaim that they had their guarantees
before entering the fight and that If the
House of Lords throws out the veto bill
new peers will be created by the King.
Fred Smith declares he would force the
ministers to that extreme step, but the
general opinion Is that the House of
Lords will be affrighted and will, at the
last moment, yield and accept the veto
Passage of Veto Bill Fere told.
Nothing can esceed the derinlteneeeand
the optimism of the ministerial pro
nouncements. Lloyd-George declares the
veto bill will be passnd without another
election: Churchill says that It will pass
before the coronstlon In June, and Her
bert Samuel aaya It will win In x
At the same time there Is an equal
advance In deflnlteneew In the pronounce
ments on home rule. Mentioned but little
In the early days of the election, home
rule has advanced to the front every hour
afterward until now every minister has
definitely committed himself to the pledge
that home rule wilt be among the first
measures of the ministry and will be
pssssrd without another election.
Balfour's attempt embroil the Lib
eral and Irish, by demanding a pledge
that borne rule should be postponed till
after a referendum, la rejected by
Asqulth. Uoj-d George, Churchill and
every other minister who spoke.
It Is difficult, then, to foresee spy ob
It'onclud.d od Pas 5.
-sxy on tham a
TpksWsI Oses. Vxsr I arte aaasarL
EXGLVE A-VD 19 CARS HALTED
IV 45-MILE RCSH.
Control System Invented by Toronto
Man Pots Invisible Brakes on
OTTAWA. Pee. 17. (Special.)
Drawing a train of 11 cars and rush
ing over the rails at a speed of 45 miles
an hour on a stretch of track near the
city of Toronto.' a powerful engine on
the Canadian Pacific Railway service
was brought to a quick stsndstllU with,
the throttle wide open, and the en
gineer standing- In bis cab. a mere
spectator, like those present with him.
to view the wonder.
The brakes had been applied on the
big locomotive end train of cars by a
wlrelesa wave of electricity. It seemed
as If a giant had seised ths equipment
and held It with ease.
Experiments with a wireless train
control system have been quietly con
ducted by the Canadian Paclflo Rail
way Company since Msy last, snd this
demonstration was the culmination of a
long series of successful tests.'
The automatic train-control system
Is the Invention of a Toronto man.
Frank W. Prentice. Thirteen years ago
on August 13 there was a head-on
collision between a stock train and a
passenger train on the line In which a
friend of Prentice was involved. He
worried about It a good deal, and that
night he dreamed of placing a wireless
generator on trains fo prevent such ac
cidents. Awakening with the Idea still
In bis mind, he commenced work on
It and has been at It ever since. The
Baltimore Ohio Company paid $40,000
for his experiments, but they failed be
cause Prentice was using the wrong
A few years later. In Cincinnati,
while passing a soda water fountain,
he noticed a little rubber ball kept
bounding In the air by the ores of
the water. This little Incident sup
plied him with the missing- Ides, and
the late demonstration was the final
QUEEN "LIL" SHIFTS PLEA
Territorial Legislature Will
Asked for S200.000.
HONOLULU. Dec. 10. (Special.) A
bill to appropriate a lump aum of S00.
000 as full payment of all claims of ex
Queen Lllluokalanl will probably be In
troduced at the coming session of the
Queen "141" for a number of years
has endeavored to get the National
Government to reimburse ber for the
loss of the crown lands, which were
taken from ber when the monarchy In
Hawaii was overthrown. For live years
she has made annual pilgrimages to
Washington to press her claims. Now
the Court of Claims has decided against
her. and her friends will urge the pass
age of this bill.
Many, however, believe her present
pension of $7500 a year should be in
creased, as they say she would soon
lose any lump sum of money thst might
LOCKJAW CASE PUZZLES
Salem Boy Dies After Three) Days.
Infection Cause) Unknown.
SALEM. Or.. Dec. 17. (Special.) After
baffling physicians for three days with
an aggravated case of lockjaw. Ray Bron
dH. 13-year-old boy. died today. Mystery
as to where he contracted the disease and
how be contracted It has mads It difficult
for those la attendance to fight against
There was not a scratch on the boy's
body, snd hle parents have no satlefao
tory explanation to give. One of the at
tending physldsns believes thst the
disease msy have entered the boy's sys
tem through a decayed tooth, which. If
true. Is considered a remarkable Instance
AEROPLANE IS. ICE COATED
John B. Molssant Files to Height of
S4 Feet, Xearlng Record.
MEMPHIS. Tenn Dec. 17 John B.
Moissant went to a height of 13(4 feet
today If his barograph read true. In
the Cnited States. Armstrong Drexel
and Ralph Johnstone eclipsed this dis
tance and It Is within 0 feet of the
present world's record.
Uls mschlne was Ice-coated whoa he
landed. The meet ends tomorrow.
HARRY MURPHY OFFERS A COMBINATION
MAM IS MO 7 A
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EASY FOR JAPS TO
Coast Defense IsWeak,
FORTIFICATIONS ARE URGED
Americans Would Win After
Long, Hard Fight, He Says.
MIKADO'S ARMY STUDIED
Army Orflccr Believes Japanese Are
Not Desirous of Conflict, but
Insists They Make Xo Mis
takes in Wartime.
CHICAGO, Dec. 17. tSpecial.) Gen
eral Charles L. Hodges, commander of
the Department of the Great Lakes, to
day declared that Japan could land an
army on our Pacific Coast with ease at
any time because of the weakness of
the United States Army at present, as
pointed out by J. M. Dickinson. Secre
tary of War. who recommended Imme
diate steps be taken to correct this
He also declared we would finally be
victorious after a long, hard fight.
General Hodges was asked what he
thought about the prospects of a war
with Japan and what he believed the
result would be in case Japan landed
a huge army on the shores of the Pa
Long Shoreline Exposed.
"I don't believe Japan Is looking for
war," declared General Hodges. The
General knows something about the
Japanese, as he saw considerable serv
ice In the Philippines, and had some
opportunity of studying the Japanese
Army and Navy.
"Of course an Invasion of the Pacific
Coast la entirely practicable," he con
tinued. "The Paclflo Coast Is not ade
quatelr defended. There Is 3000 miles
of shoreline alone our western coasts
and an army would have little troublejjg.rrison Allen protests transfer of Casey
landing an army.
"The Paclflo Coast would be the first
po.nt that the Japanese would attack
In case of war. In my mind It would
be poor strategy for the Japanese to
take the Philippines or Hawaii first,
and the Japanese are not making any
mistakes In time of war.
Weak Point Poorly Defended.
"The Japanese have a great Navy
and have a Urge number of transports
with which they could send a big army
to our shores under a convoy of bat
tleships, which could protect the trans
ports easily. The landing on the coast
could be accomplished almost without
"Our coast defense has never been
anything to boast of and the points
which the Japanese would select as
available for landing their forces are
not fortified strongly enough to put up
DEFENSE REPORT SUPPRESSED
Dickinson's Correspondence 'With
Congress Is Published. -
WASHINGTON. Dec. 17. Secretary
of War Dickinson today sent to the
House a letter In reply to the McLach
laa resolution concerning the adequacy
of National defense. The latter dis
cusses the situation briefly, but the
secret report recently submitted to ths
House and" withdrawn will not be re
Secretary Dickinson's letter, togeth
er with the Speaker's letter to . Mr.
Dickinson returning the secret report,
were reported to the House. Mr. Dick
inson's letter said It was not compati
ble with the public Interest at this
time to report to the House the In
formation called for by the McLach
This letter was In reply to Speaker
Cannon's letter of December 14. The
Speaker, after quoting the House rules,
said: . ,
"In view of the above rules. It is
"impossible for the Speaker to treat this
(Concluded on Pe .L
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INDEX OF TODAFS NEWa
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
degrees; minimum. 8 aegrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northeasterly winds. '
Police release saspect in Bernhardt murder
mystery. hl own Indiscreet sossip having
-aused suspicion. Suction 1. page 6.
8an Francisco notels allow women to smoke
In any part of building. Section 1.
rage 1. ,
Maurentnla races back toward Ilverpooi.
seeking world's record for round trip.
Section 1. page B.
Speaker Cannon denounces Oovernor-eleet
Wilson's course In New Jersey Senatorial
fight. Section 1. page .
General Hodgee ears Jape could easily land
army oa coast. Section 1. page 1.
Open defy of Taft social regime may end
In dean of dlplomatlo corps being trans
ferred. Section 1. page 1- -
Senators debate method of revising tariff.
Section L page 2.
Taft says war danger slight tutnrges all
preparation. Section 1. page 1.
Bias masses government troops to crush re
bellion. Section 1. psge 2.
Snellen Tories, bitter over defeat, repudiate
Balfour's pre-election pledge. Section 1.
Mother bares life to save -son accused of
murder. Section 1. page 1.
Roseburx taxpayers protest st location of
new high school. Section 1. page 7.
Phonograph st Vancouver poultry show
keeps chickens from cackling. Section s.
J. J. Hill. In Seattle, says 191. will be quiet
year. Section 1. page 6.
Census of fruit trees of Clark County Is
taken. 8ectlon 1. page 6.
wireless controlling system stops train going
45 miles sn hour. Section 1. page 1-
Jerry Simpson, guard at Oregon State Peni
tentiary at Salem, is stabbed by convict
Section 2; page 0.
Commercial and Marine.
Heavy buying of hops, and market advances
to IS cents. Section 2. page IT.
Chicago wheat market closes at slight loos.
Section 2. page 17.
Stock speculation almost at a standstill.
Section 2, page 17.
New York banks' weekly return Is favor
able. Section 2. page 17.
Heavy travel southward Is ended. Section 3,
Auto trucks ..found to make quicker de
liveries than teams Section , page 4.
Picture theater manager's task of visiting
dosen theaters dally is made possible
by eutomoblle. Section 4. page 4.
Second-class Yankee lighters win plaudits
of Australia. Section 4. page 6.
Hupmoblle touring car makes Its appearance
In Portland. Section 4. page S.
Records show many baseball players commit
suicide. Section 4. page e.
Pasadena club to play polo In Southern Cal
ifornia througnout winter. o"w
British Columbia In midst of great activity
In building of good roads. Section 4.
B. O. Case company bowlers and Chester
field squad are tie with averages of .22.
Section 4. page 8.
McCredle engaged In lining up teams for
Northwestern and Coast Leagues next
season. Section 4. page 8.
Ticket sale heavy already for big Oak T-ark-Wasblngtun
football game. Section 4,
Seattle light fans awaken and e new cham
pion In lester. becuon z. page e.
- section 2. page 2.
-One-round" Jack' Hogan wins 20-round
fight decision, section page 3.
Columbia University asked to quit Inter-
scnolastla Association. Section 2, page 8.
Student body of Oregon University pledges
support to Interscbolastlo meet at Ku-
gene. , Section 2. page 2.
Dealers predict that heavy building will
Increase value of Inside property early In
Kew Year. . Section 4. page 0. -Demand
for apartment-houses Is on steady
Increase. Section 4. page S.
Clement weather Is aid to builders. Section
4, page 10.
Big hotel being built by R. R. Thompson
estate to be christened Multnomah. Seo-
tion 4. page 10.
East Side Is scene of great building activity.
Section 4. Page 11. v
Building permits for December In fair way
to beat record. Section 4. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
Teamster. In weakened state from wound.
arrested oa forgery cbarge. Section 1.
Woolgrowers expect 5000 delegates at Na
tional Convention, section 1. page 14.
Republicans sdvocste lsw to prohibit "fak
ing" at primaries. Section J. page 7.
Initiative law makes strange puxsle for
voters. Section 2, page 6.
Ore iron Protective Association calls for state
aid. and co-operatlon In fighting forest
fires. Section 1. page 8.
Boy III with typhoid cannot And parents.
Section 4. page IX
Pacific Coast needs fleet declares Vancouver
Barracks Army officers. Section 2. page
Model of fit- Paul. Minn, auditorium re-
c!lved here to aid Portland In planning
structure. Section 1. page 13.
Mrs. Xersh murder trial Jury retires at
a -IS P. M. Section 1. page 14.
Lyric Theater leases Arlington Club's old
site. Section 2. page 8.
Attempt Is made to overcome opposition to
Cllif Inn. on Unnton road. Section i.
Council committee reports on slx-mlll tax
levy. Section 1. page 13. '
Norman Brothers hope 35 shares of Hotel
Portland stock enough to secure control.
Section L. page lO.
Millions will be represented In closing of
railroad merger, section 2, page o
Oregon Historical Society decides not to In
dorse history pageant planned by Harvard
professor. . Section 1. page 11.
Heney arrives to dispose of charges against
Hermann, Jones and Maya Section 1.
Hill leaves depot project to John F. Stev
en, Section 2. page 7.
Opening of Hawthorne bridge awaits official
acceptance. Section 2. page "T.
Now the Ctasw" Knows Hew Tto.
TUFT TELLS NEED
President Would Allay
NEEDS OF NATION OUTLINED
Fortification of Panama Canal
ARBITRATION IS DESIRED
At Peace Conference Speakers Tell
of Desire for End of Wars, but
Xeed -of Armament Under
Present Conditions Justified.
WASHINGTON. Dec. - 17. President
Taft. addressing; the closing; banquet
tonight of the American Society for
Judicial Settlement of International
Disputes, allayed the so-called "war
scare" which has furnished pabulum for
newspapers In the last few days. Ho
"There Is not the slightest reason for
such a sensation because we' are at
peace with all the nations of the world
and are quite likely to remain so."
He said his purpose In outlining the
preparedness of the United States for
war, "at a peace meeting," was to show
by contrast the great worthiness of the
movement for a permanent court of ar
bitral justice and universal peace.
The President summarized the condi
tion of the National defenses and urged
that a policy of "wise military prepara
tion" be pursued. He emphasized the
fact that the American people never
would consent to the maintenance of a
standing- army sufficient to cope with
that of the greater powers.
Preparation Is Urged.
He urged the retention of the present
Regular Army, the Improvement of the
K-at lnno.1 militia, the passage of the
pending; volunteer bill to go Into opera
tion should war be declared, and the
passage of a law now before Congress
providing for a force of additional offl-
who will be "able in times oi
to render efficient service in
ririuine- the militia of the states," and
finally the accumulation of guns and
ammunition, "to equip and arm the
force we could collect under the colors
In an emergency."
President Taft asserted that the best
method of ultimately securing dls.
armament among the nations wag the
establishment of an International court
and the development of a code of in
ternational equity. Declaring that the
country has not reached a point where
war is Impossible, he cited the Panama
Canal Not Alone for Commerce
Tiuia the auestlon of - the Panama
Canal. We have a property which, when
omnleted. will be worth t400.000.000 at
least It will have cost us that. It Is
built not alone to further the cause of the
world's commerce, but also to bring our
Eastern and Western seaboards closer to
gether and to secure us the military bene
fit enabling our naval fleet to pass quick
ly from one ocean to the other. Now, the
works of the canal are of such a char
acter that a warship might easily put the
canal out of commission.
"We are authorized to police the canal
and protect It and we have the treaty
right to erect fortifications there.
"Fortifications are the best and most
secure method of protecting the canal
against the attack of some lrrespon
slble nation or armed force.
Treaties Not Always Observed. ,
"It is said that we could neutralize
the canal and, by inducing all nations
to agree not to attack the canal, secure
Its Immunity, from Injury. But the
trouble is that nations are quite as
likely as men to violate their obliga
tions under great stress, like that of
"It seems to me that we ought to
put ourselves In a position with refer
ence to this very valuable and delicate
Concluded on Page 4.)
INCLUDING SOME CHRISTMAS OBSERVATIONS.
New Crop Weekly.
WOMEN'S RIGHT TO
SAN FRANCISCO HOTELS CON
DUCT SERIES OP TESTS.
Fair Sex Allowed to Puff at Ciga
rettes or Cigars in Any Part of
Building Same as Men.
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec 17. (Spe
cial.) The ' managemnt of the Palace
and Fairmont Hotels for a whole year
have made tests of granting to women
equal privilege with men so far as
smoking Is concerned. These have been
so satisfactory to patrons that the
management has decided to let women
smoke as much as they please.
Women may smoke, If they so desire.
in the srreat court of the palace ana
in the lobbies, hallways, apartments or
anywhere else In the two big hotels.
No restrictions are to be emorcea
with reference to the place of smoking.
nor are there restrictions on the Kino.
.T-,.TiA nr .vxn. .of the article to be
consumed. Cigar or cigarette may be
Permission of the management of the
Palace and Fairmont to women w
smoke was originally granted a year
ago, or at the time of the opening of
the Palace Hotel, it was iorceu j
action of a a-rouD of Kngllsh women.
wives of titled" Britishers, who were at
the Fairmont. They smoked in tne
dining room and In the ioddios. ap
parently oblivious to the surprised
glances of attaches.
So the management was ciuicu "w""
for a ruling, and decided m
However, according to attaches oi mo
hotel, the habit of smoxing na
Increased during the past year among
the women of San Francisco, irew in
stances of women smoiuuB.
the grills, have been observed.
"KID" WEDGE TAKES WIFE
Ex-Pugilist, Now Pastor, Will Do
Work in San Francisco.
OMAHA. Neb Dec 17. (Special.)
In the presence of a few friends. Rev.
Frederick R. Wedge, Detter itnowu
"Kid" Wedge, ex-pugilist, was this
evening quietly married to Miss Pru
dence Tracy, postmistress of Florence
The bride has held the position of post
mistress of the little suburban-town
Just north of Omaha for 16 years, hav
ing succeeded her father, who prior to
his death held the office 30 years.
Rev. and Mrs. Wedge will go to San
Francisco to reside, where the former
has been engaged In missionary work
along ' the Barbary' Coast for the past
year. ' .
After leaving the prize ring five
years ago. Rev. Mr. Wedge studied for
the ministry. In Omaha Theological Semi
nary, earning money to get through school
by giving boxing lessons In clubs1 about
town. Upon graduating, he was given a
small Presbyterian Church In Monroe,
Neb whera he remained until called to
the missionary field.
MRS. SAGE TO PLAY SANTA
Central Park laborers Will Receive
Coin for Xmaa Turkeys.
NEW YORK, Dec 17. (Special.)
There will be no lack of Christmas tur
keys for Central Park laborers and men
agerie men next week, for each one re
ceiving 3 a day or less wlU get a brand
new 5 gold piece from Mrs. Russell
Ssge as a gift td use as he wills.
Mrs. Sage never misses a day going to
the park. She feeds the squirrels and Is
a great favorite with them. While driv
ing about the park she explained to the
Park Commissioner what she planned to
do. and asked for a list of the men. This
was readily given her.
The gift will amount to J1650, and will
be made next Friday, in plenty of time
to buy turkeys.
RUSSIAN JOURNALS SEIZED
St. Petersburg Papers Confiscated
for Publishing Anti-Police Talk.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec 17. Today's
edition of the Rech and four other daily
newspapers were confiscated. Their edi
tors will be prosecuted for leee majeste
and for publishing at length the speech
made In tho Duma by M. Purlshkevltch
in connection with an Interpellation as to
the behavior of the police on tne occasion
of the recent student meetings held in
protest against the alleged cruelties In
flicted on political prisoners.
The offense of lese majeste la punish
able by a term of eight years in the gal
Haw Dear Old Dad Love Christmas:
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SOCIETY "STUNG "
BARIJiJ LOSES JOB?
Dean of Diplomatic
Corps Soon to Pass..
CASE HAS LONE PARALLE
Baroness Hengelmueller Used
"Blue Pencil" Too Freely.
OPEN DEFY GIVEN TAFTS
Social Regime of Present Adminls
tration Suffers Bitterly by ,:
Action of Austrian Am-
WASHINGTON, Dec 17. (Special.)
The transfer of Baron Hengelmueller, the
Austrian Ambassador here, which has
been expected for more than two years
by his colleagues In Washington, is fore
casted by the public announcement of the
views entertained by ths Baroness, who
is considered as a social leader of the
first rank in Washington society.
It Is stated by the capital's "400," who
commented on the attitude of the Baron-,
ess. that she was moved to apeak unre
servedly because she expects tho transfer
of her husband to another post. e ,1
f Similar Case Before. r
The case has a parallel In the annals of
Washington society, the other being that
which eventually caused the transfer of
Baron Des Planches, the Italian Ambas
sador, here six months ago. Baroness Des
Planches one afternoon, while an honor
guest at a reception given by a West
ern American woman, remarked that she
did not like attentions or to. attend so
ciety meetings, and the tempest that fol
lowed kept, her in Italy about four years "
out of five and always weighed against
the Ambassador, whose transfer followed.
"Blue Pencil". Often, Used.
Baroness Hengelmueller has always)
been regarded as a leader In Washington
society and she bes never hesitated to
"blue pencil" the lists of guests submit
ted for her consideration and approval
at many diplomatic functions, where she
was tq take part. She has also been the
one woman who has openly defied the
Taft social regime. She has favored the
open observance of Sundays here along
the lines ordained by the European capi
tals, knowing all the while that Mr. Taft .
took the opposite view.
' What is perhaps even a more potential
factor In the views of the wife of the
Ambassador Is the way she has compared
the social status In New York and else
where of the Tafts with that of the
Censure of Taft Meant.
In mentioning the names of ths
Sloanes, the Vanderbllts and others who
have not frequented the capital since '
tho advent of the Taft regime, the tenor
of Baroness Hengelmueller's views be
comes a criticism of and an attack on the
Tafts" social supremacy.
Another phass of the Hengelmueller
Interview, which ostensibly characterizes
Washington society as dull, nut In real
ity criticises its structure as well as its
make-up. Is Its timeliness. Washington
at present is In the midst of a ring of
social wars, each Inside of the other.
The Taft changes of the Winter plans
In receptions and dinners, which have
already caused no little discontent, are
strengthened by the hostility shown to
the Baroness Hengelmueller and Ameri
can leaders allied with New York and
Boston society by the residential set.
Baron Dean of Corps.
Baron Hengelmueller is at present the
dean of the diplomatic corps, so the ut
terances of the Baroness become a bur
den borne by the entire dlplomatlo corps.
It is not denied by some of the diplomats
themselves tbett the only way to clear
the diplomatic corps at present Is by
the Immediate transfer of the Hengel
Advices from "Vienna within the last
week have stated that the transfer will
be announced at an early date. . It was
with this knowledge that Baroness Hent
pose it. ve to SEMb
AUNT CAROLINE: SoffS mN6
SH AL WAYS SV&3 t SOW
,uiuAT A -rue:- UAJH A SM4LL
fir ri r r t j rrw- --
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